# SYLLABUS

```					    PRIYADARSHINI INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND
TECHNOLOGY, NAGPUR-19
Session 2008-2009

First Year B.E.

Subjects with Code number and marks distribution as per
R.T.M. Nagpur university, Nagpur syllabus

Subject          Code Theory Practical Total
marks marks marks
TU TI PU PI
APPLIED               1   80:20     -      100
MATHEMATICS -I
APPLIED                2    80:20        -      100
MATHEMATICS -II
APPLIED PHYSICS        3    80:20     25:25     150
APPLIED                4    80:20     25:25     150
CHEMISTRY
ENGLISH                5    80:20       -       100
SOCIAL SCIENCES        6    80:20       -       100
ENGINEERING            7    80:20     25:25     150
MECHANICS
ENGINEERING            8    80:20     25:25     150
DRAWING
ELECTRICAL             9    80:20     25:25     150
ENGINEERING
WORK SHOP              10     -       50:50     100
TOTAL MARKS   1250
TU -Theory Exam University
TI - Theory Exam Internal
PU -Practical Exam University
PI - Practical Exam Internal
APPLIED MATHEMATICS – I

SECTION A

UNIT I: Differential Calculus: - Successive differentiation, Taylor’s &
Maclaurin’s series for one variable, indeterminate forms, curvature and
Radius of curvature (excluding Newton,s Method) , Circle of curvature.

UNIT II: Partial Differentiation:-Partial derivatives, Eulers theorem, Total
differentiation, Taylor’s and Maclaurins theorem, Maxima and Minima,
Lagrange’s method, Jacobins

UNIT III: Solid Geometry: - Cartesian, spherical, cylindrical coordinate
system and the4irt transformation, review of planes and introduction to
straight lines, shortest distance between two lines, study of spheres, right
circular cone and right circular cylinder.

SECTION B

UNIT IV: Differential Equations: First order first degree differential
equations: Linear, reducible colinear and exact differential equations. Higher
order differential equations with constant coefficient upto method of
variation of parameters.

UNIT V: Differential Equations: Cauchy’s Legendre’s homogeneous
differential equations, simultaneous differential equations, differential
equations , differential equations of the type d2y / dx2 = f(x) and d2y / dx2
= f(y) Applications of differential equations to electrical circuits, kmechanics
and vibrations(only upto second order)

UNIT VI: Complex Numbers: Cartesian and polar forms of complex
numbers, (geometrical representation of fundamental operations on complex
numbers). Demolver’s theorem hyperbolic functions and their inverse,
logarithm of complex quantities. Separation or real & imaginary part.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS – II

SECTION A

UNIT I :Integral calculus: - ( Beta and Gamma functions, Diffentiation of
definiteintegra) Tracing of cu5rves (Cartesian and polar Curfves)
rectifications of simple curves, quadrature Volumes and surface of solids of
revolutoms ( Cartesian, polar and parametric forms). Theorem of pappus
and Guldin, mean value and root mean square malues.

UNIT II: Multiple integrals and their Applications:- Elementary double
integrals, change of variable (simple transformation) change of order of
integration (Cartesian and polar), application to mass area, volume and
center of gravity (Cartesian and polar forms), elementary triple integrals.

UNIT III: Statistics:- Fitting of straight line, Y = a + bx +cx2 and the
exponential curves by method of least squares, Lines of regression and
correlation, rank correlation.

SECTION B

UNIT IV: Vector Calculus :- Introduction to vector Algebra, scalar point
function, vector point function vector differentiation. Gradient. Divergence
and Curve Directional derivatives with their physical interpretations
solenoidal and Irrotational motions.

UNIT V: Vector Calculus:- Vector integration : Line, surface and volume
intrgrals, stokes theorem, Gauss Divergence theorem, Greens Theorem
(statement only) and their simple applications.

UNIT VI: Finite differences:- Difference table, operator E and central
Factorials formula, Numerical differentiation and integration, difference
equations with constant coefficients.

Books Recommended:

1. Higher Engineering mathematics by B.S.Grewal
2. Applied mathematics volume 1 by J. N. Wartikar and P.N.Wartikar
3. Text Book of Engineering mathematics by Bali Iyengar
4. Plane Trigonometry part – II by S.L.Loni
5. Engineering mathematics Volume II by shanty narayan
7. Advanced Engineering mathematics by H.K. Dass
8.A Text book in Engineering Mathematics, Vol I & Vol II by D.T.Deshmukh
Applied Physics

Unit I : Quantum Mechanics-Wave – particle duality , de Broghe
wavelength,     Davisson-Germer       experiment;      Compton       scattering;
Hersenberg’s uncertainty principle, Thought experiment on single slit
electron diffraction; Concept of a wave packet; Wave function and
probability interpretation; Schrodinger,s equation; Infinite potential well;
Qualitative nature of the wave function for finite potential well, Tunneling.

Unit II: Semiconductor Physics-Qualitative ideas on formation of electron
energy bands in solids; Band-theory based classification of solids into
insulators, semiconductors and conductors; Intrinsic semiconductors;
Germanium and silicon. Typical energy-band diagram of an intrinsic
semiconductor; Fermi energy; Doping and extrinsic semiconductors;
Dependence of Fermi energy on temperature and doping concentration;
Current conduction in semiconductors; p-n junction diode ; Diode rectifier
equation; Transistor action, Hall effect.

Unit III: Wave Optics-Light as an electromagnetic wave; Wave
characteristics of light; Interference; Review of double-slit interference;
Interference in thin films; Anti-reflection coating; Polarization by scattering;
Optic axis; Ordinary and extraordinary waves; Positive and negative
crystals; Double refraction in a quartz prism; Polarizer and analyzer, Malus’
Law; Quarter and half wave plates.

Unit IV: Laser and Optical Fibers-Spatial and temporal coherence of a
light wave; Principle of laser; Laser characteristics; Components of a laser;
Optical fibers; structure and classification, optics of propagation in fiber;
Acceptance angle and numerical aperture and detectors; Attenuation and
distortion; Application; sensors.

Unit V: Crystal structure-Crystal structure; lattice, basis and unit cell;
Cubic crystal structure; Tetrahedral and octahedral voids in fcc; Miller
indices; Bragg’s law of X-ray diffraction.

Unit VI: Electron Ballistics-Lorentz force; Motion of changes in uniform
electric and magnetic fields; Thomson’s Method of determination of e/m of
an electron; Electron optics; Bethe’s law; Electric and magnetic focusing;
Devices; CRT, CRO, Bainbridge mass spectrograph, Cyclotron.

Books Recommended :
1. Text book of Engineering Physics : Shirsagar & Avdhanulu
2. Text book of Optics : Brijlal & Subramanyam, J.K. White
3. Lasers : Avdhanulu
4. Atomic Physics : Bagde Singh, John Alison
5. Problems in Physics : Avdhanulu & Shirsagar
APPLIED CHEMISTRY

UNIT I - Water Treatment-Hardness of water, types& determination of
hardness, Brief discussion of chemistry involved in the processes of
sedimentation , coagulation, Filtration and sterilization using UV,
ozone,chlorine,break point chlorination; Softening of water-cold and hot lime
soda process & its principle, problems based on lime soda process, zeolite
process & its principle, problems based on zeolite process ,ion exchange
process,-demineralization by synthetic ion exchange resins, Comparison
between lime soda, zeolite and ion exchange process. Introduction to boiler
troubles-carryover,   priming and foaming. scale and sludge formation,
external and internal treatment, Caustic embrittlement & boiler corrosion-
causes; effect on boiler operation & methods of prevention; Internal
conditioning-phosphate, carbonate & calgon. Desalination of saline water by
reverse osmosis and electrolysis.

UNIT II – Cement-Manufacture of Portland cement- Raw materials
,chemical composition, cement modulii-ie; lime saturation factor, silica&
alumina modulus; Dry and wet process of manufacture proportion & role of
microscopic components; Setting and hardening of cement : Types of
cement and its applications- Puzzolonic , White, High alumina, Rapid
Hardening, Low heat cement. Types of additives –accelerators, retarders ,
air entrainment agents water repellents and their properties, Use of fly ash
as a cementing material.

UNIT III-Corrosion of Metals & Alloys-Introduction to corrosion, ,
Electrochemical corrosion. Nernst theory, electrode potential, galvanic &
conc. Cell ; galvanic and electrochemical series, Causes of corrosion ;
Mechanism of direct chemical corrosion ; pilling bedworth rule;Differential
aeration theory of corrosion; Types of corrosion, Galvanic, Concentration and
pitting corrosion, Intergranular, stress, waterline, microbial corrosion
Corrosion prevention –design and selection of material, Protective coatings-
types and its applications.

Environmental Chemistry & Control of Environmental Pollution-Air
Pollution : Natural and man made pollutants- CO, NOx, SOx, HC, SPM,
Ozone depletion and effect on humans, acid rain. Acid rain ; catalytic
converter, water pollution, classification and effect of pollution, preliminary
,primary, secondary tertiary treatment techniques, solid waste management.
UNIT IV-Fuels-Introduction, Calorific value, higher and lower calorific
value; Determination of calorific value by Bomb calorimeter by Boy’s
calorimeter; Ultimate analysis of coals; its significance Pulverization of coal,
Combustion of coal, liquid fuel-petroleum mining and refining, fractional
distillation, Use of gasoline and diesel in internal combustion engine.
Knocking and chemical constitution of fuel, Octane number; Cetane number;
Doping agents, Fisher-tropsch process for manufacturing of synthetic
gasoline Thermal and catalytic cracking of petroleum; Aviation Petrol;
Diesohol; Gasohol; Biodiesel, CNG. Non conventional energy Sources- Wind,
Tidal, Solar and Geothermal Energy, Fuel cell.

UNIT V-Lubricants & combustion calculations-Introduction, lubrication
mechanism, hydrodynamic, boundary and extreme pressure lubrication,
classification of lubricants liquid solid and semi solid, lubricants Blended oils
with additives, Anti oxidants, Corrosion inhibiter, Extreme pressure
additives; Synthetic lubricants, Dibasic acid esters, Silicate esters, Silicones;
lubricating emulsions, properties of grease-drop point and consistency test
properties of liquid lubricants flash point Viscosity, Viscosity index; Aniline
point; Cloud and Pour point; Criteria for selection of lubricants for specific
purposes such as I.C. engines, Cutting tools, under heavy oil; Flue gas
analysis by Orsat apparatus; Combustion calculation.

UNIT VI - Chemistry of Engineering Materials-Properties and
applications of glass, ceramics conducting polymers, Co polymers, Carbides
Fiber glass and Composite materials, LDC polymers; Magnetic materials;
magnetic type

Books Recommended:

1. A text Book of engineering chemistry by S.S. Dara, S.Chand
publication,New Delhi.
2. Engineering Chemistry by P.C.Jain & Monica Jain ,Dhanpat Rai sons
publication , New Delhi
ENGLISH

UNIT   I: Essay Writing
UNIT   II: Letter Writing
UNIT   III: Report Writing
UNIT   IV: Grammar
UNIT   V: Précis Writing
UNIT   VI: Prose Section

Books Recommended:-1) English Prose for Pleasure and Profit (An
Anthology) by R.N.Roy
2) Public Speaking and Influencing Men in Business by Dale Carnegie
3) English Grammar and Composition – Rajendra Pal, Prem Lata Suri

SOCIAL SCIENCES

UNIT I:- Concept of Culture and Civilization, Social Sciences-its utility for
engineering students, Applied Humanities, Social Engineering

UNIT II:- Development of Human Civilization, Greek Civilization, Egyptian
Civilization, Mesopotamian Civilization, Roman Civilization, Chinese
Civilization, Ancient Indian Civilization, Indus Valley Civilization, Evolution of
Indian Civilization during 19th and 20th century, Social Change, Significant
areas of Social Change

UNIT III:- Meaning and scope of Industrial Psychology and Industrial
Sociology, Fatigue in Industry, Recruitment of workers, Selection of workers,
Training of workers, Motives for works, Motivation Theories, Legislative
Measures for workers welfare, Different laws for laborers

UNIT IV: - Environment in industry, Emerging industrial culture in India,
Organizational Behavioral Dynamics, Leadership in Industry

UNIT V: - Indian Constitution, Federal system, Fundamental rights,
Directive Principles of State Policy, Role of Bureaucracy

UNIT VI:- Concept of Industrial Democracy, Works Organization, Power,
Authority, Status, Line Organization, Line and Staff organization, Delegation
of Authority, Industrialization, Urbanization, Study of Slums

Book Recommended: A New Look Into Social Sciences – S.Shabbir,
ENGINEERING MECHANICS

SECTION –A
Unit I: Important vector quantities: Position vector, moment of force
about a point, about an axis, couples, couple moment as a free vector.
Equivalent force systems: Resultant of a two dimensional distributed
loads and three dimensional general force system, wrench.

Unit II: Equations of Equilibrium:
(i) Free body diagrams, Equations of Equilibrium, coplanar concurrent and
Non-concurrent systems, General spatial force system, simple machines
(Differential axle and wheel, single and double purchase crab). Velocity
(ii) Application of graphic statics to reactions of simple supported beams and
trusses.

Unit III: Analysis of simple pin jointed frames by method of joints, method
of sections and graphical methods.
Friction forces: Law of Coulomb friction, problems involving dry friction,
simple applications like wedges and band brakes.

SECTION- B
Unit IV: Centriods and Moments of Inertia: Second moment and
product of inertia of plane areas. Moment of inertia of masses. Transfer
theorems of moment of inertia and product of inertia, Polar moment of
inertia, principal axes, Mohr’s circle of inertia.
Introduction of Virtual Work Theorem: Principle of Virtual Work applied
to equilibrium of Mechanisms, simple beams, pin jointed frames.

Unit V: Dynamics of a particle: Rectilinear Motion of a particle with
constant and with variable acceleration. Rectangular components of
curvilinear motion, Radial and tangential component of acceleration, kinetics
of particle and several interconnected particle. Translation of bodies-force
inertia method, D’Alemberts principle, Work Energy method, (Expression
based on center of mass).
Method of Momentum: Linear impulse momentum, consideration for a
system of partials, conservation of liner momentum, Elastic impact of two
bodies, Direct central impact.

Book Recommended:

1.   Engineering mechanics: F. L. Singer.
2.   Engineering mechanics: Timoshenko and Young
3.   Engineering mechanics: Beer and Johnson
4.   Engineering mechanics: I. H. Shames
5.   Engineering mechanics: Askhedkar & Kulkarni
ENGINEERING DRAWING

UNIT-I: 1.Use      of    various   drawing   instruments,   lettering   and   I.S.I.
Standards for drafting
2.Plane Geometry: Construction and use of various scales, construction of
drawing curves such as parabola, ellipse, hyperbola, involutes, cycloids,
spiral and helix. Loci of points on links of simple mechanisms.

UNIT- II: Solid Geometry:Methods of orthographics projections, projections
on auxiliary planes. Projection of points, lines and plane.

UNIT- III: Projection of simple solids, such as cylinders, cones, prisms and
pyramids with varying position of axes and ground lines.

UNIT- IV: Section of solids: Development of plane and curved surfaces.

UNIT- V: Intersection of Surfaces

UNIT- VI: Isometric Projections.

Book Recommended:
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Unit-I: Electric circuits: Circuits Elements (R,L,C) "Kirchhof 's, Laws,
Superposition Theorem, Voltage source, (definition, characteristics, of
practical source, equivalent current source) Star-Delta transformation.

Magnetic Circuits: Flux, mmf, reluctance, analogue electric circuits, simple
calculations for composite magnetic circuits.

Unit-II: A. C. Circuits: Periodic functions, average & rms values, Steady
state behavior with sinusoidal, excitation, phasor representation, reactance
and impedance, series and parallel a.c. circuits, resonance, power in a.c.
circuits, power factor, Principle of generation of single phase & Three phase
voltages Power in Balanced three phase AC systems.

Unit-III: Electrical Measurement: Definitions of indicating, integrating
and recording instruments, Deflecting controlling and damping mechanisms.
Ammeters and voltmeters of permanent magnet moving coil type and
moving iron type, electrodynamometer type Wattmeter’s, Induction type
single phase energy meter.

Unit-IV: Transformers: Introduction, Basic principles, construction phasor
mmf on two sides, Phasor diagram, Equivalent Circuit, Loses, Efficiency,
Regulation, Open-circuit & short-circuit tests.

Unit-V: Rotating Electrical Machines: D. C. Machines: Introduction,
construction, EMF & Torque equation, classification, self excitation of d.c.
shunt generators, EMF voltage, current relations in Generator and motor.
Characteristics, Starting and speed control of d.c. motors.

Unit-VI: Three phase induction motor: Construction, rotating field,
synchronous speed, Rotor current, torque Principle of Single phase,
Capacitor Start motor.

Books Recommended:
1. A text book of electrical technology Vol. I&II by B.L.Theraja.
2. Principal of electrical engg .by B.R.Gupta.
3. Elements of Electrical Science' - P. Mukhopadhyaya et. al-Nem
Chand & Bros. Roorkee - 7 published in 1989.
4. A text Book on Laboratory Course in Electrical Engineering by S.G.
Tarnekar & P.K. Kharbanda, M/s.S. Chand & Co., NEW DELHI.
List of Books Recommended:
1. A text Book of engineering chemistry by S.S. Dara,
S.Chand publication,New Delhi.

2. Engineering Chemistry by P.C.Jain & Monica Jain
,Dhanpat Rai sons publication , New Delhi

3. Engineering Chemistry, by Dr Pokale

4. Engineering chemistry, by Dr jadhao, Dr. Narkhede

5. Applied chemistry, by Walekar

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