ec07-TN-KNX.ppt - Census Bureau by qingyunliuliu

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									2007 Economic
 Tennessee Data
User Conferences
     July 20, 2010
     Knoxville, TN

    Paul Zeisset
    Chuck Brady

  Economic Planning &
  Coordination Division
   U S Census Bureau
 What Users Need to Know

• Economic Census
  • Overview
  • How the data are classified
    • By industry (NAICS)
    • By geography
  • How the data are published
  • Working with the data

• Annual and quarterly business data
        Census Jargon

Economic surveys
data collected from businesses

Demographic surveys
data collected from households
Graphic: Newspaper headlines
       Principal Economic Indicators
•   Advance Monthly Retail Sales
•   Manufacturing and Trade: Inventories and Sales
•   Monthly Wholesale Trade
•   Manufactures’ Shipments, Inventories and Orders
•   Quarterly Financial Report (two releases)
•   US International Trade in Goods and Services
•   Value of New Construction Put in Place
•   Quarterly Services Survey
•   Housing Starts
•   Housing Completions
•   New Homes Sold and for Sale
•   Housing Vacancies
       Surveys vs Census

Economic Surveys    Economic Census

•Annual, quarterly, •Every 5 years
 monthly             (years ending in 2 & 7)

•Limited detail     •Industry/product
•Mostly national
                    •Detailed Geography
2007 Economic Census
Key Dates
     Economic Census
      Data Collection

4.7 million establishments
     Large, mid-size employers
     Sample of small employers

Paper or electronic reporting

550 versions of the form
Schedule for 2007 Census Reports
“The Economic Census is indispensable
to understanding America’s economy…”

--Ben Bernanke, chairman,
  Federal Reserve Board of Governors
        Public Sector Uses

• Benchmarking
• Tracking economic change
• Attracting new businesses
• Assisting business
          Private Sector Uses

Study your industry
    Market share
    Product trends
    Strategic planning

Study business markets
    Site locations
    Sales territories
    Forecasting sales
                         Where are my customers?
                         suppliers? competitors?

                 NAICS Hierarchy

                          5-Level Hierarchy

    Level                         Example

Sector           51       Information
Sub-Sector       515      Broadcasting (except Internet)
Industry Group   5151     Radio and Television Broadcasting
Industry         51511    Radio Broadcasting
U.S. Industry    515112   Radio Stations
           Assembling Time Series

SIC     1987 1992 (1997)

NAICS              1997 2002 2007 2012
              Changes for NAICS 2007

Sector                   Disappearing           New industries
Manufacturing            Laboratory apparatus
Information              Paging
                         Cable program distr.
                         Web search portals
Real Estate & Rental     REITs
Professional,                                   Biotech R&D
Scientific & Technical
Administrative & …                              Executive search
    Establishments vs. Companies

Establishment - A store, warehouse, factory, or
other type of business at a single physical location

Company (or Firm) - One or more establishments
under common ownership or control
       Exercise 1

P In what industry would you
find Car Dealers?
       Economic Census Coverage

Sector contribution to GDP
 Exclusions from the Economic Census

Whole industries                Government activites
                                in covered industries
11 Agriculture, forestry…
482 Rail transportation         Public utilities
525 Funds, trusts               Post exchanges
6111-6113 Schools & colleges    Buses, subways
8131 Religious organizations    Ambulance services
81393 Labor Unions
81394 Political organizations   Exceptions: included activites
814 Private Households          Hospitals
92 Public administration        Gov’t owned liquor stores
                                University press
   Economic Census Geography

Metro areas
ZIP Codes (not in the Geographic Area Series)

Econ Census Geographic Coverage
                                 Sector                       States   MA's   Coun-   Places    ZIP
                                                                               ties            Code

21: Mining                                                      X
22: Utilities                                                   X       X
23: Construction                                                X
31-33: Manufacturing                                            X       X      X        X
42: Wholesale Trade                                             X       X      X        X
44-45: Retail Trade                                             X       X      X        X       X
48-49: Transportation and Warehousing                           X       X
51: Information                                                 X       X      X        X
52: Finance and Insurance                                       X       X
53: Real Estate and Rental and Leasing                          X       X      X        X
54: Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services            X       X      X        X       X
55: Management of Companies and Enterprise                      X
56: Admin. and Support and Waste Management and Remediation     X       X      X        X       X
61: Educational Services                                        X       X      X        X       X
62: Health Care and Social Assistance                           X       X      X        X       X
71: Arts, Entertainment and Recreation                          X       X      X        X       X
72: Accommodation and Food Services                             X       X      X        X       X
81: Other Services (Except Public Administration)               X       X      X        X       X
Places in the 2007 Economic Census
• 2002 criterion: cities with 2,500+ inhabitants
  – Boroughs with 10,000+ inhabitants in 11 NE states
• 2007: cities, towns, or CDPs
  – With 5,000+ inhabitants (from pop estimates) OR
  – With 5,000+ workers (from Census 2000)

       Tennessee                   Number

       2007 places added               10
       2002 places dropped             44
       Net change                     -34
Schedule for 2007 Census Reports
Schedule for Geographic Area Series
Sequence of Data Release
Email response from Notify-Me System
Schedule for 2007 Census Reports
    Subject and Summary Reports
P Separate reports for each sector
P In service-producing sectors
  Product lines
   B State data for many industries
  Establishment and firm size
  Miscellaneous subjects
   B limited state data
                        Bridge Tables
P   1997: Bridge    between NAICS and SIC
P   2002: Bridge    between NAICS 02 and NAICS 97
P   2007: Bridge    between NAICS 07 and NAICS 02
P   National data   only; Basis for converting other data
        Comparative Statistics
P Economy-wide
P No sub-state geography
P For 1997, showed SICs by State
P For 2002, showed NAICS 1997 by state
P For 2007, will show NAICS 2002 by state
         ZIP Code Statistics

•Establishment counts by receipt size
•Complemented by ZIP Code Business
•Limited to 8 of the 18 sectors
ZIP Code Statistics

          Other Reports

P Economic Census of Island Areas
P Business Expenses
P Nonemployer Statistics
P Survey of Business Owners
P Commodity Flow Survey
P Franchise Report
Business Expenses
P Businesses with no paid employees
P Account for
  75% of all businesses
  under 4% of all sales

    Firms                  Sales or Receipts
        Nonemployer Statistics
P U.S., State, county & metro data
P Nonemployers are published in
      PNonemployer Statistics (annual)
      P2007 Economy-Wide Key Statistics
P Excluded from other census reports
       Survey of Business Owners

                     (Formerly the surveys of
•   Black        Minority- and Women-Owned
•   Hispanic             Business Enterprises)
•   American Indians and Alaska Natives
•   Asians and Pacific Islanders
•   Company Summary
•   Women
•   Veterans
•   Characteristics of Business Owners
      SBO includes Nonemployers
P “All Firms” includes employers and nonemployers
P Most census figures limited to “Firms with paid
2007 SBO Report Schedule
 What’s New for SBO in 2007
•    scheduled mid-2010 to mid-2011
•For all areas
  •Addition of total minority figures
•For the nation and states
  •Characteristics of Business Owners
     •age, education, hours worked, disability
     •New: born in US; year business acquired
  •Characteristics of Businesses
     •home-based, family-owned, franchising, financing
     •New: outsourcing, fringe benefits, e-commerce
  •Characteristics of Veteran Business Owners
  •Characteristics of Veteran-Owned Business
      Commodity Flow Survey
• Movement of goods in the U.S. – origin,
destination, mode of transport
• Covers selected sectors and industries
• Tabbed by commodity/other dimensions
• Exports and Hazardous Materials
What’s New: 2007 Economic Census
• Several revised industry classifications
• More detailed product lines for service industries
  North American Product Classification System (NAPCS)
  But no more product lines for MSAs
• Data for Census Designated Places, more townships,
  fewer small places
• Non-employers added to the Economy-Wide Key
  Statistics (EWKS)
• Survey of Business Owners
   – Veteran-owned businesses;
   – Outsourcing; e-commerce
• New Data:
   – Pension and other fringe benefits; Franchising
• NotifyMe service as data become available
• Fewer publication formats
   – American FactFinder (AFF) only

Printed reports
PDFs on the Internet
Drill-down tables on the Internet

Interactive American Factfinder
FTP download
* Picking state
Entering search term
* Open or Save
       Recap: AFF Functions

•Selecting a file
•Filter Rows: Narrow the data to an industry or area
•Options: Sorting data lines, selecting columns, etc.
•Print / Download
    AFF Feature: Selecting Files

                         Multi-sector data

                         Sector-specific data
AFF Feature: Filter Rows

                  Filter within a data set
AFF Feature: Options

                   move columns)

                   Rows: sort data
AFF Feature: Definitions

                     Access to
                     text, maps
AFF Feature: Print/Download
       Exercise 2a:

P What were the total 2007 sales in
Knox County of
  P4411 Automobile dealers
  P44111 New car dealers
  P44112 Used car dealers

PTo get a total, add sales for both
employers and nonemployers together
       Exercise 2b:

P Rank all counties in Tennessee
(and the state as a whole) by the
sales of car dealers (employers

P Which county is ranked first?
                  Data Disclosure
• U.S. Code, Title 13, prohibits release of data that would disclose
the information about individual companies
• “Primary” and “complementary” disclosure
• Data suppressed with “(D)” in tables/files
                Data Disclosure
• Establishment counts and employment range are permitted
                  Data Disclosure
• Higher level totals get preference
Data Withheld for Other Reasons
• Publication minimum not met
  - Data not shown in data files
Exercise 2b (cont.)
                        Tax Status
   • Establishments subject to federal income tax
   • Establishments exempt from federal income tax

Published for 5 sectors
   • 54 Professional, scientific and technical services
   • 61 Educational services
   • 62 Health care and social assistance
   • 71 Arts, entertainment, and recreation
   • 81 Other services (except public administration)
    AFF Feature: Selecting Files

                         Multi-sector data

                         Sector-specific data
User GuideGeography
User Guide GeographyMaps
* User Guide Maps menu
* Map illustration
               5-year intervals
Local Area     –Economic Census
               –Survey of Business Owners
Data about     –Commodity Flow Survey
               –County Business Patterns
-- more than   –Statistics of U.S. Business
               –Nonemployer Statistics
the census
                Quarterly Workforce Indicators
B&I Geo->compare
B&I compare->CBP
CBP main
                 “Noise Infusion”
• Supplements traditional disclosure avoidance techniques
• Multiplier randomly changes establishment-level data by small amount
• Impact of changes reflected in Noise Flags
• Used in CBP, Nonemployer Statistics, Island Areas, SBO, and CFS
Annual Econ Data in AFF
        County Business Patterns

P1998 - 2002 - reported by 1997 NAICS
P2003 - 2007 - reported by 2002 NAICS
P2008 - 2012 - reported by 2007 NAICS
   Establishments, employment and payroll
   No sales or receipts
* SUSB US->state
Excel chart from QWI data
         Comparing QWI and CBP
                      QWI                     CBP
Frequency     Quarterly              Annual
Time series   Varies by state        To 1986 (on CD)
                                     To 1994 (on web)
Geography     Counties, MSAs         Counties, MSAs, ZIP
Industry      4-digit NAICS          6-digit NAICS
Scope         All employers except   Private non-farm
              Feds                   employers
Data items    Employment, wages,     Employment, payroll,
              job flows, age, sex    estabs
Source        QCEW, UI, model-       Payroll tax and Company
              based estimation       Organization Survey
  What Next?

 PSee brochure

 PDo exercises
  for your own
  area or industry

 PReview slide show and text

 PTell your colleagues
     Paul Zeisset

     Chuck Brady

    General Information

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