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Unit 4 - Lesson 1

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									Longman Cornerstone • Level 2             Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS
Lesson 1
Visual Literacy
Have children look at the photo on pages 144-145. Ask them to think about what they
see. Have children write down a few sentences that describe how their lives today are
different from a long time ago.
        SAY: This photo shows children in two different classrooms. How are they
        different? Write a few sentences about your lives today and how they are different
        from children’s lives long ago.


Lesson 2
Build Discussion
Point to each picture on pages 146-147. Read each sentence. Ask children to describe
what they see. Then have them write a sentence that describes how things from the past
are different from things today.
        SAY: These photos show pictures from long ago and pictures from the present
        day. How are they different? Write a paragraph describing what you see on these
        pages.


Lesson 3
Scaffolding
Sing the song on pages 148-149 with the children. Ask children to discuss how people’s
lives have changed. Have them write a few sentences about the past and the present.
        SAY: Everything changes. Things from the past may seem very different to you
        today. Write a few sentences on how things have changed over time.


Lesson 4
Vocabulary
Explain to children they will continue to learn many new words this year. Say each of the
sight and story words aloud and have them repeat each one after you. Ask them to pick
one word and use it in a sentence.
        SAY: This year you will continue to learn many new words. Learning new words
        will help you be a better reader and writer. Choose one story or sight word and
        use it in a sentence. I will call on volunteers to share their sentences with the
        class.
Longman Cornerstone • Level 2              Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS

Lesson 5
Phonics
Explain to children they will be learning the long /a/, /ch/ and /th/ sounds. Model the
sounds and pronounce the words on page 151. Ask the children to repeat them after you.
Then, ask children to think of other words with the long /a/, /ch/ and /th/ sounds, such as
mail, bait, wait, cheese, tooth, both, and check. Have them make a list of these words.
       SAY: This year you will be learning many new sounds. We will be studying the
       long /a/, /ch/, and /th/ sounds. Make a list of words with these sounds.


Lesson 6
Build Background
Explain to children that this story is about the past and the present. They will learn how
things were done long ago. They will learn about inventions and inventors and how these
people and machines affect us today.
       SAY: This unit is about the past and the present. Look at the picture on page 153.
       The man with the beard in the older picture is Alexander Graham Bell. He is
       credited with the invention of the telephone. Research Bell on the Internet and
       write a short paragraph about him.


Lesson 7
Relating illustration to Text
Explain that illustrations or photos can help children to understand a story better. They
can get information from the pictures that will help them with their reading.
        SAY: Look closely at the illustrations on pages 154-155. What do you see? Read
        the text on both pages and then write two sentences that tell what these two pages
        are about.


Lesson 8
Visual Literacy
Have children look at the illustrations on pages 156-157. The people in the photos are
doing very different things.
       SAY: What are the people in these photos doing? What do these photos tell you
       about the time period and the people in them? Write two sentences that describe
       what you see.
Longman Cornerstone • Level 2             Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS

Lesson 9
Grammar
Explain to children that declarative sentences tell a complete idea and end with a period.
Write three declarative sentences about this story and how people lived long ago.
       SAY: A declarative sentence tells a complete idea. Write three declarative
       sentences about how people lived long ago. Remember to end each sentence with
       a period.


Lesson 10
KWL Chart
Explain to children that a good way to understand a story is to fill in a KWL Chart. Ask
them what they know, what they want to know, and what they learned by reading about a
topic. They can also look at the Closer Look pages to help them with their charts.
        SAY: It’s important to remember details about characters in a story because it
        helps you to understand a story better. A KWL Chart will help you organize
        information about what you know about a topic, what you want to know and what
        you learned. Fill in a KWL Chart after you have read the story. Be sure to use
        declarative sentences. Look at the Closer Look pages to help you with this
        assignment.


Lesson 11
Vocabulary
Read the sentences on page 162 with the children. Then, say each story and sight word
aloud. Ask the children to repeat them after you. Tell the children they are building their
vocabulary by learning new words. Have them write sentences using three of these
words.
       SAY: As we read more we will be learning new words and building our
       vocabulary. Choose three words from either the sight or story word list and write
       three sentences using these words.


Lesson 12
Phonics
Look at the pictures on page 163 and say each of the words with the children. Explain
that these words have the long /e/ sound. Have them make a list of other words with the
long /e/ sound, such as beef, sweet, knee, seal, beat, and speech.
        SAY: Words are made of sounds and we are now learning the long /e/ sound. As
        we read more, we will continue to learn new words and new sounds. Make a list
        of words that have the long /e/ sound.
Longman Cornerstone • Level 2             Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS


Lesson 13
Build Background
Have children look at the pictures on page 164. State the Big Question for this reading.
Ask them what they think the story is about. Have them write a short paragraph on the
story after they have previewed it.
        SAY: Look at the pictures on page 164. What do you see? The Big Question for
        this unit is, How is washing clothes different today than it was a long time ago?
        Write a short paragraph on what you think about the story is about.


Lesson 14
Relate Illustrations to Text
Have children look at the pictures and read the text on pages 170-171. Ask children to
tell you what they see. Ask them to write a short paragraph about the photos.
        SAY: Look closely at these two photos. What do you see? Can you relate these
        photos to anything in your own lives? Write a short paragraph about these
        pictures.


Lesson 15
Comprehension Check
Have children read the text and look at the picture on page 173. Ask them to fill in a
Sequence of Events Chart that tells what happens first, next, and last.
      SAY: You can understand a story better if you know the sequence of events. Read
      the text through page 173. Fill in a Sequence of Events Chart that tells what
      happens first, next, and last in the story.


Lesson 16
Grammar
Explain to children that an interrogatory sentence asks a question. Have children write
questions using the 5Ws (who, what, why, when, and where) in relation to the story.
       SAY: You might have some questions about this story. Interrogatory sentences
       ask questions. Some questions can relate to the 5Ws (who, what, why, when, and
       where). Write a few questions using the 5Ws that relate to this story.
Longman Cornerstone • Level 2              Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS

Lesson 17
Informational Writing
Explain to children that informational writing provides facts and information to the
reader. Newspapers and magazines are examples of informational writing. Ask them to
bring in a newspaper article and write down some important information they learned
from it.
         SAY: Informational writing provides facts to the reader. Look for a newspaper
         article that gives the reader several facts. Write down those facts and share the
         article and what you wrote down with the class.


Lesson 18
Vocabulary
Ask children to look at the sight and story words for Reading 3. Have children say the
words with you as you write them on the board. Discuss what they see in the photos. Ask
children to write two sentences using one of the sight or story words that describe what
they see.
       SAY: Say the words with me as I write them on the board. Now, let’s read the
       sentences next to the pictures. Choose two of the story words and use them to
       describe something else you see in the photos on this page.


Lesson 19
Phonics
Look at the pictures on page 175 and say each of the words with the children. Explain
that these words have the long /i/ and soft /g/ sounds. Have them make a list of other
words with the long /i/ and soft /g/ sounds, such as slice, child, lime, age, germ, and
cabbage.
        SAY: Words are made of sounds and we are now learning the long /i/ and soft /g/
        sounds. As we read more, we will continue to learn new words and new sounds.
        Make a list of words that have the long /i/ sound and soft /g/ sounds.


Lesson 20
Build Background
Explain to children that this story is about ice cream cones. Ask children to look at pages
176-177. Then, have them look at the pictures on pages 178-179. Ask them if they think
this will be an interesting story to read. Have them write a short paragraph on what they
think is happening in these photos.
        SAY: Look at the pictures on pages 176-179. What do you see? What do you
        know about ice cream? Write a short paragraph about what you think is
        happening on these pages.
Longman Cornerstone • Level 2             Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS


Lesson 21
Summarize
Have children read the entire selection and then ask them to summarize in two paragraphs
the important parts of the story.
       SAY: Look at the pictures and finish reading this selection. When you summarize
       a story it helps you to understand and remember what you just read. Write down
       the important parts of this selection in two paragraphs and share your writing
       with a partner.


Lesson 22
Visual Literacy
Explain to children that historical photos can give the reader very important clues about
how people lived long ago. Have children look at the photos again and write a few
sentences on what they think life was like in the past.
       SAY: Review the photos in this selection. What is happening? Write a few
       sentences on what you think life was like in the past.


Lesson 23
Grammar
Remind children they have written declarative and interrogative sentences. Explain to
them there is another kind of sentence called exclamatory. This type of sentence shows
strong emotion and always end with an exclamation mark. Ask them to find an
exclamatory sentence in the reading and then have them write three exclamatory
sentences of their own.
        SAY: An exclamatory sentence shows strong emotion. Find one in the reading
        and then write three of your own.



Lesson 24
Social Studies
Have children do research on the St. Louis World’s Fair. Ask them to write several
paragraphs about what they discovered and have them share their writing with the class.
       SAY: There is a famous fair mentioned in this reading. It took place in St. Louis
       in 1904. Research this fair on the Internet and write two paragraphs on what you
       found. How was it different from fairs you have been to? How was it similar?
Longman Cornerstone • Level 2             Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS

Lesson 25
Word Analysis
Review multiple meaning words with the children. Read the rule in the Rule Box aloud.
Have children make a list of other multiple meaning words.
      SAY: Look at the pictures on pages 186-187. A multiple-meaning word has more
      than one meaning. Make a list of other words that have several meanings


Lesson 26
Spelling
Discuss multiple-meaning words with children again. Have them use the list they made in
the previous exercise to write sentences using these words.
       SAY: As we discussed, multiple-meaning words have more than one meaning.
       You made a list of words that have several meanings. Use words from this list to
       write sentences and share your sentences with the class.


Lesson 27
Visual Literacy
Have children choose a favorite photo or illustration from the unit and write a descriptive
paragraph on what they see and why they like it.
       SAY: You have read about the past and present in this unit. Choose one picture
       or illustration from one of the three stories and write a description of what you
       see and why you like it.



Lesson 28
Evidence of Understanding
Read aloud the Big Question for this unit, How is life different today than it was a long
time ago? Ask children to think about this question. Have them write two paragraphs
comparing and contrasting life in the past with life today.
       SAY: The Big Question for this unit is, How is life different today than it was a
       long time ago? Write two paragraphs comparing and contrasting life in the past
       with life today.
Longman Cornerstone • Level 2             Unit 4


                    DAILY WRITING FLUENCY PROMPTS


Lesson 29
Word Web
Distribute copies of a Word Web. Have children choose one of the readings from this unit
and complete the chart. For instance, in “Ice Cream Cones” children might write about
how cones came to be made as a result of meeting a need.
       SAY: Complete a Word Web. Choose one of the three stories in this unit. In each
       oval, write one sentence that explains what happens in the story. This will help
       you to summarize the story so that you may understand it better.


Lesson 30
Informational Writing
Have children write two paragraphs that explain an event. Tell them that this is nonfiction
or factual writing and is based in real life.
        SAY: You have read three new stories about life in the past and in the present.
        Write two paragraphs that share factual information about something you are
        familiar with. You can write a piece on a current event, a sports event, or
        something that happened to you. Share your writing with the class.

								
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