jaranan by gustafmaulana


Traditional art lesson braid is difficult when competing with more modern art. Only the love
of the artists who make their living with the arts survive and progress is hereditary.
Although now almost no one is ever nanggap, the artists still want to lose the arts in their
Traditional Java is quite popular. As the name implies, Jaran braid meaning hobbyhorse of
bamboo plait. Later goatskin and cowhide also woven to create a lesson braid. In this show
the dancers will continue to ride a horse and acts as if the lesson of life braid. Initially all the
regular dance and sway like a horse to follow the rhythm of music. After a few moments,
the dancers suddenly possessed and starts like a horse possessed. They run, jump, and
behave the same with horses. There was a fairly calm, but mostly so wild. They drink lots of
water, swallowing a banana leaf, flower, and seeds, like a real horse. Jaran braid usual
accompaniment of gamelan players. In addition, there are also gambuh, a kind of figure who
has a mystical power that takes the role as the mastermind behind the show and is
responsible for the trance. Before the performances began, gambuh and retinue in solemn
prayer and held a series of ceremonies.

Jaranan in ancient times is to always be sacred. That is always associated with things that
are unseen. In addition to the spectacle before Jaranan also be used for official ceremonies
associated with ancestral spirits palace. At first the kingdom era Jaranan often displayed in
the palace.
In the daily practice of the artists Jaranan abangan are people who still adhere to their
ancestors. They still use tenpat danyangan or punden as sacred. They still have high trust
towards the spirits of his ancestors. They also still carry slametan practices as done by the
people first.
In kenyataanaya Jaranan artists in Kediri are rough all workers. They are mostly pedicab
drivers and carpenters. There are some of them who worked as a seller of snacks that are
stretched along the airport road from north to south.
In art perkembanganya Jaranan have ups and downs. This is due to social conditions of
society that has changed in meaning and float Jaranan. from year to year Jaranan-changing
nature of spectacle and guidance into the most interesting is Jaranan as a tool to attract
sympathizers and for tourism development.
Jaranan in the 1960's become a political tool PKI to sustain its power and interesting period.
In the years of Sukarno's policy of Nasakom greatly affect the existence of institutions that
exist beneath. Of nationalism, religion and communism, has its own institutions. The group
has its own cultural base. Lekra, LKN is lesbumi and arts institutions that exist at lower

In that year Jaranan already exist and happen to shelter under the supervision of Lekra.
Jaranan at that time was very popular with the public. Dikediri even when it was established
several groups Jaranan. Jaranan group is much guarded by people who are in art
institutions. Of the three existing art institutions, all have their own art in accordance with
their respective mission.
In the 60s, each with a healthy group berkontestasi Jaranan. Although they come from
different art institutions, but at that time they still could share space and berkontestasi.
They mutually support and develop creativity in art.
Jaranan at that time still performing with very plain. Pemainya just too big to wear pants
and no makeup. There is no boundary between the players, drummers and spectators. They
are both located on the ground. They can play an exchange between each other. Unlike the
Japanese era who are still using jute as the clothes. In the 60 years can appear vulgar
Jaranan wherever he is.
In 1965 the event took place cleaning of the clergy to groups abangan. Cleaning is done with
the State kerjasamama bag clergy. As a result of cleansing the society abangan in Kediri at
that time was topsy-turvy. Especially to people who are struggling in institutions or have
been involved PKI.
The people who are involved as members of the communist party was killed. The artists
who are under the PKI is Lekra exterminated all. Danyangan and some punden many are
destroyed. Even the sculptures and statues that are now in the museum Airlangga seen
many destroyed. This is due to political disputes, 1965. all properties associated with the
tradition of abangan destroyed. Included are Jaranan.
After the bloody events of 1965 was the first Jaranan is very dibangggakan arts community
lost instantly. Jaranan is a representation of abangan who tried to give her existence in the
arts. They really suffered prolonged trauma. So in post-65 arts Jaranan retreat. 65 political
conditions have brought about Jaranan kemandekanya point. Unless Jaranan who take
shelter under the communist safe from this purge. Jaranan existence at that time still
relatively small. Trauma that was not felt by the people who come dar Lekra only. Artists
from lesbumi and LKN that time also a bit scared to perform in public. Most of the artists
who have dikediri at that time also stopped from art to moreover time.
After the bloody events that the whole community for providing a negative identification
Jaranan art. from among the clergy. The clerics think that it invites Jaranan devil. So
naturally if at that time the clergy particularly Ansor finish off artists that smells of
communism in Kediri.
Countries that started giving artists by making pengngontrolan Artist Main Number (NIS) in
the period of 1965-1967. By providing the NIS, the government can control more artists
involved with the communists. For those who do not have their usual NIS given the number
active as an artist. "Without this card, the artist should not appear in public spaces" said
Mbah tight.
Praxis post 65 Jaranan rarely appears in public spaces. Jaranan artists who come from LKN
may still be demonstrating kebolehanya in public spaces. For example Jaranan Sopongiro in
Bandar and Jaranan Turnojoyo Pakelan. Two Jaranan this could exist and not terberangus in
years 65 because they are a group of art which originated from LKN.
Stigmatization that was developed by the clergy and the State apparently has meberangus
reasoning community. Easter 65 people are indirectly giving to the arts Jaranan negative
identification. They still think that art is art that belongs Jaranan PKI.
Communities do not want to be labeled red by the government and the clergy as a follower
of the PKI. Finally arts Jaranan shunned by society.
After the bloody events rtahun 1965, art Jaranan start totally paralyzed. New in 1977
Jaranan begun to pick up again. Sebyuah Jaranan into a new idiom that appears different
from previous years. Jaranan in sebeliumnya many affiliated with the communists but in
that year began holding Jaranan military to be used as a tool to protect themselves.
New Spirit Jaranan braid Samboyo Kediri
In order to improve the image of Jaranan in the face of society, artists began to soften
Jaranan Jaranan. In the 70s the movement to revitalize Jaranan already pursued.
Rarefaction in the area of dance, make-up and musikpun already begun to do. The artists
began to modify Jaranan Jaranan of clothing, makeup, and dance and music. In the show
Jaranan berebagai Jaranan players must possess a wise, polite and has good high Karama to
the public and the responders. Nature must be played by the artists in different times and
In addition to having an affair with a military strategy, Jaranan also has another strategy that
is by smoothing tarianya, music, and danadananya and his behavior should be better.
Smoothing is done by the artist Jaranan because at the moment monitoring of
pewemerintah still very strong. To eliminate the stigma that an artist should do it to keep
the arts strategy Jaranan.
Then in 1977 after the founding of Samboyo Putro, Jaranan started getting recognition from
society and government. Jaranan Samboyo Putro was founded by former Regional Police
called pack Samboyo Kediri. With the assurance of the parties is Jaranan police began boldly
perched on kediri compete with other arts. Jaranan Samboyo it first get wangsit from
Pamenang Joyoboyo. Mr. Samboyo get revelation from Pamenang for establishing Jaranan
and menguri original art-uri kediri this. (Tight)
Top wangsit derived from that Pamenang Samboyo exert every effort to restore the
negative image of the arts community Jaranan. Mr. samboyo began affiliated with the
government, religious leaders and communities to support the existence Jaranan in 1977,
this is Jaranan kediri.pasca start fully trusted by the community can kediri as art that is free
from communism.
Before there are performances of all personnel Jaranan Jaranan definitely go to Pamenang
advance .. if now only done by the gambuhnya only. This change is more in fear disebabkkan
players if a victim Pamenang. Players were afraid kalu someday she break her promise with
At the time of its establishment in 1977 Jaranan samboyo Putro, Mr. Samboyo try hard. This
effort is intended to mengambalikan Jaranan already bad image of the community advance.
One way to pack Samboyo at the time was by means of holding tiban shaman. Inspiration of
the shaman tiban he got from Pamenang. (Pardi and Endang)
In the heyday Samboyo Putro ever get some brilliant achievement. Several years after the
founding of Samboyo, immediately get 1st Place East sejawa Jaranan festivals. Then in
perjalananya began in 1977 and 1990 Samboyo Putro never respond as much as 1674 times.
Also Samboyo Putro Personnel trained many communities Jaranan to other Jaranan art in
Until now people believe that Jaranan samboyo Putro it has a huge service to
mengambalikan Jaranan image in Kediri. View of the clergy and the State and communities
that formerly looked Jaranan as bad art, finally change course. Easter 1977, people began to
see that this Jaranan is art that comes from Kediri. The existence of this art should remain
preserved its existence.
Before samboyo stand Jaranan pakelan is Jaranan who can stand up to exist in Kediri. The
players Jaranan average pakelan it first came from LKN. Samboyo disbanded in the 1990s
along with the death of the father as head Jaranan Samboyo it. Post Samboyo disbanded,
arts Jaranan already started to emerge in nearly all the villages in the town of Kediri have
Jaranan respectively. But they also still oriented and have a character like Jaranan Samboyo.
(Pardi and Endah)
New creations and Kediri Tourism Project
In view of the tight Mbah, Movement Jaranan was dancing on the grip and can not be
changed. If Jaranan Wijaya Putra it has 24 kinds of motion. Changing Jaranan it played only
on equipment alone. If Sanjaya Putra Wijaya Putra and still maintain the existing grip on
Jaranan. kepakeman Jaranan will always be maintained by Sanjaya Putra da Wjaya Son. Both
these Jaranan Joged now assume that they use it is the legacy of leuhurnya. Existing grip it
to the 2 This community should always be used in times of performances. If pakemnya has
run out of new display may provide Jaranan already combined. For Samboyo and Wijaya
leave the grip was very eliminates instinct Jaranan and insulting the remains of their
Unlike the case with Jayoboyo Son who prefers to be creative with new models. Jaranan is
trying to marry the traditional with the modern art. For example in his songs mixed with
samroh or mixed with dangdut. This is done by Joyoboyo Putro to follow market demand.
Ranggalawe also have the same paradiga Joyoboyo Putro. He further develop the arts in
tarianya modification project.
The development of post-1977 Jaranan sliding rapidly. The emergence of these new
creations Jaranan not be separated from what the cool crowd or desired by zamanya.
Jaranan artists usually prefer to play with Jaranan grip. However, typically groups of artists
Jaranan it has 2 versions. The first new version is the version with the collaboration of
modern art. If modern is usually coupled with sinden, drums and keyboards. The second is a
version Jaranan grip. Arts Jaranan pakemanya using tap kenong, gumbeng gongs, drums and
For problems tarianya pakemnya later adjusted to each group. For example, Jaranan Wijoyo
Putro 24 movements, 24 movements Sanjoyo Putro, Joyoboyo 14 movement, a little cumin
Ronggolawe malaah between 5-6 movements only. Artists Jaranan always provide a bid to
the responders to meimilih which version.
If at the time gebyakan vows ceremony or at the time they are always using the grip. If at
the time of the response they gave to penanggapnya memili which. But they have a grip on
their own in jogedanya.
Jaranan advance to penabuhnya sekararang no such stage. Beginning in the 1980s Jaranan
already existing stage for drummers. The stage is intended for drummers can freely within
view Jaranan player movement. Jaranan here no one is above the stage like Jaranan Safitri
Putro. If Jaranan Safitri Putro was not Jaranan name. If it's just dancing and no name is
interfering ndadinya sari. because the name Jaranan it must exist that ndadi ndadi if
nobody's called not Jaranan.
Competition among artists Jaranan the other one with apparently quite high. Various groups
memikliki Jaranan the boss, they are more willing to slam the price. For those who are
community Jaranan like Jaranan Wijaya Putra. Would object to the imposition of price like
this. The artists will not be able to eat anything if it dropped the price response.
Rates response to Jaranan Wijaya Putra it ranges from 1500.000 to 1000.000 rupiah.
Meanwhile, if there is another Jaranan who has a boss, would dare to take on underneath.
800,000 to 600,000 could be diladeni. "I'm sorry for Jaranan-tiny Jaranan it. Because I think
that small Jaranan will not be able to live "Mr. Wijaya Putra Jaranan fat from it.
Jaranan In Tourism Projects
The city government kediri using organya DK3 (Arts Council of Kediri) and the Tourism Office
will make a kind of guidebook to Jaranan. This book will examine many of the typical kediri
Jaranan grip. They along with his team already prepared everything unruk make the book.
Jaranan pemakeman Project is planned in the year 2008. All this has been done by the
tourism department to conduct pakemisasi Jaranan Kediri is to explore existing data. The
data they get from the elders Jaranan. "We can not arbitrarily to determine these things.
Our effort is to gather the elders to membincang Jaranan together about art. Then the
seminar and agreed '. Mr. Gunter said.
Pemakeman plan will involve the various figures elders Jaranan artists and historians. They
also strive for this pemakeman can not really leave the existing tradition in the arts in Kediri.
Before it is done pemakeman tourism department will explore the historical city of Kediri
teerlebih first.
Program Office of Tourism for this year and 1 year ahead is looking Jaranan grip first. For the
development and coaching on-Jaranan existing Jaranan Kediri tourism department invited
groups to perform Jaranan Selomankleng Park every Sunday. Community Jaranan was
ordered to appear to fill the entertainment in Selomangleng in turns.
At certain moments Tourism Department also invites artists to perform fill Jaranan
entertainment at Taman Mini Indonesia Indah. In saaat Jaranan appear in the mini park is
different from the Jaranan that are here. They've dikolaborasi with other dances.
For us it is important Jaranan is raised only so that its presence can still be sustainable. At
this time the city government is studying and digging kediri Jaranan distinctive art Kediri.
Both in terms of pakaianya, jogednya and played musical instruments. The project is still
stalled because of funding diajaukan to mengerjkakan has not come down from Kediri city
government. Jaranan standardization Fund will be budgeted in next year's local budget.
We require documentation, funds and so forth. We plan to explore the history of the river
Brantas Jaranan. We will see the development of the era Praislam Jaranan. Jaranan Kediri
has a grip on their own. We have started designing Jaranan each instance that pegon not
wear clothes, to which Jaranan senterewe door and still we think together Jaranan artist
friends. Mr. Gunter said
Tourism Office will jointly formulate the artist Jaranan then agree. Tourism is actually only
facilitate them and not to appear that this is a project idea pakemisasi Tourism Office. They
will be consulted with the artists in setting Jaranan art. Actually we are thinking far ahead to
maintain the existence of Jaranan in the years to come.
Tourism Department assumed, if there is no grip own this Jaranan will be more distant from
the original. Since there is no manual Jaranan. They just develop an oral tradition. While the
oral tradition that will always change every year.
Each has a grip Jaranan each and do not want them to be uniform between art Jaranan with
each other. According to Mr. Gunter that art does have a grip Jaranan that each will be but I
try urntuk can go slowly so that they can accept me. Misalnyua during my meeting with the
artists some time ago. I pernh tarianya test them to demonstrate in front of the forum. I ask
for such an advanced pegon wing. They are among pegon Jaranan each other differently.
Senterewe also different from each other. In the fierce debate their differences and show
each other that the most correct jarananya grip.
Each is a festival Jaranan I gather the artists and invited them get to dance Jaranan uniform.
At yesterday's festival jury to assess Jaranan confusion which is good. Since each Jaranan
have characters each. So that we can not see where that should be assessed. Finally, who is
either a win. But they are also a lot of protests about the appraisal jury. Because they also
assume that jarananya who has the best dance but did not win in the festival.
The local government must be very clever marketing of local arts. So not only the arts that
are popular are we told to play. Also for those who do not have a name we have adopted. I
do not see that there are quality but I always give a small example in order to follow Jaranan
Jaranan already big.
Artists in Kediri are often moved around the room. I mean that they always mengiikuti art
which populist and mainstream society. If the artist formerly ludruk yes many are in ludruk.
If it is now forbidden to play their ludruk rollicking moved on artists Jaranan
History Jaranan
Art Jaranan began to emerge since the 10th century Hijri. Precisely in the year 1041. or
together with Kahuripan kingdom is divided into 2 ie the eastern part of the kingdom with
its capital Jenggala Kahuripan and west of the Kediri kingdom Panjalu or Dhahapura Capital.
King Airlangga had a daughter named Goddard Support the sky. He was a very beautiful
kediri. At the time many who applied, he held a contest. Applicants Sky Goddess Songgo all
powerful. They both have high strength. Sky Goddess Songgo actually do not want to get
married and she want to be a hermit only. King Airlangga force Goddess Songgo Heaven For
married. Eventually he wants to get married with one request. He who can make art that
does not exist in Java she would become her husband.

There are some people who want to apply Songgo Goddess of Heaven. Among them are
Klono Sewandono of Wengker, Toh Good envoy Singo Barong From Blitar, kalawraha a duke
from the south coast, and 4 soldiers who came from Blitar. The applicants followed the
contest jointly held by the Goddess of Heaven Songgo. They departed from their places to
Kediri to apply Songgo Goddess of Heaven.
Of the few applicants that they met and fought street before following the contest in Kediri.
In the battle was won by Klana Sewandono or Pujangganom. In the battle won and Singo
Ludoyo Pujangganom lose. At the time of the defeat was apparently Singo Singo Ludoyo
Ludoyo have an appointment with Pujangganom. Lion Ludoyo asked not to be killed.
Pujangganom apparently agreed to the deal. However Pujangganom Singo Barong has a
requirement that must mengiring temantenya with Dewi Sangga sky to Wengker.
Temanten convoy was to be accompanied by a lesson-horse by crossing the underground
with the accompaniment of musical instruments from bamboo and iron. In today's iron into
kenong. And the bamboo into a trumpet and Jaranan.
In the course of the convoy temantenya Goddess Songgo Sky with Pujangganom it, Singo
Ludoyo assume that he had come to Wengker, but it turns out he's still up in Mount Liman.
He got angry at that time so he ransacked the Mount Liman it and now it becomes
Simoroto. Finally, before he hit the ground Wengker he returned to Kediri. He came out in
the Cave of Selomangklung. Now the name of the place is selomangkleng.
Because the Goddess of Heaven Sonmggo been trafficked to Wengker by Puijangganom and
did not want to be king in Kediri, the power granted to siblings Kahuripan named Ox and Ox
Amiluhut Amijaya. After Sangga sky trafficked by Pujangganom to the area Wengker Bantar
Wind, Goddess of Heaven Sangga change the place name became Roxburgh
Jaranan appeared in Kediri was only to illustrate boyongnya Songgo goddess of the sky
towards Wengker Bantar kediri Wind. At boyongan to Wengker, Goddess of Heaven and
Klana Sewandana Sangga dikarak by Singo Barong. Pengarakan was done by breaking out of
the ground while dancing. Musical instrument that is played is derived from bamboo and
iron. In today's iron into kenong.
To commemorate the contest held by the Goddess of Heaven and wedding Songgo with
Klana Sewandono or Doctors of the community this Anom Jaranan kediri make art. While in
Ponorogo Appears Reog. Two of this art actually has almost the same historical roots.
Jaranan art was passed down from generation to generation until now

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