Asperger's symptoms are similar to those of the other Austism Spectrum
Disorders (ASD's) including Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not
Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) and High-Functioning Autism (HFA) .
Asperger's Syndrome is on the higher-functioning end of the autism
spectrum and, within this level, an individual's symptoms can range from
mild to severe.
Generally speaking, individuals with AS and related disorders lack
severely in social and communication skills despite the fact that their
IQs typically range from normal to very high and their rote memory
(associated with strict memorization) often is superior to the rest of
Asperger's symptoms differ from person to person and may include 1 or
more of the following characteristics:
It's rather typical for someone with AS to be extremely sensitive to the
environment, loud noises, clothing and food textures, and odors.
An apparent lack of nonverbal behaviors like eye contact or gaze, facial
expression, body posture, and social gestures like waving are also common
as is a later than usual development in language. When individuals with
AS speak, it could be in a monitone-like drone, lacking in volume,
intonation, inflection and rhythm. It's also quite common for AS children
to speak in a formally scientific way - this has been dubbed "little
Depending on the severity of the disorder, the individual will take
everything that they hear literally. They have a hard time with implied
meanings and sense of humor or sarcasm. On the other hand, a vast
vocabulary is common in As individuals as is the fact that they start
reading at an early age (hyperlexia).
In various social settings, people who suffer from AS often display
socially and emotionally inappropriate behaviors. It's often difficult
for them to partake in the natural "give and take" of a conversation. A
lot of this has to do with their possible and unwavering obsession with
just one particular subject. They might not have a real concept of
personal space and often stand too close. AS individuals likely find it
very difficult to read and interpret social cues and understand the
feelings of others.
Unfortunately, As individuals also struggle when it comes to developing
relationships with people their own age. (for example, one Asperger's
symptom common in children is that they are more comfortable with adults
than with other children).
"Unnatural" repetition is another common trait and this shows up in the
form of inflexible adherence to strict routines and unintentional,
continuous, repetitive behavior, speech, or thoughts, and stereotyped or
repetitive motor mannerisms. A rather specific symptom worth mentioning
is that those with AS are often fascinated with maps, globes and routes.
Although individuals with AS do want to fit in socially and have friends,
the disorder causes them a great deal of difficulty making what we
consider normal social connections. It's partly for this reason that,
unfortunately, many are at risk for developing mood disorders, anxiety or
depression, especially in adolescence.
Luckily, the treatment and therapy for Asperger's symptoms is continuosly
becomeing more advanced and effective.