AIE-ODYSSEE meeting Data, Analysis and policy : the three faces of E E indicators Paris 21-22 th January 2008 The ODYSSEE experience From research to energy efficiency target monitoring Didier BOSSEBOEUF (ADEME, France) Dr Bruno LAPILLONNE (Enerdata, France) Logo Contents 1. Evolution of the objectives 2. Project implementation: a decentralised data collection 3. Originality, fallouts, difficulties, future developments 4. Conclusions 1. Evolution of the objectives: “From research to target monitoring “ Objectives: from research to target monitoring Develop harmonised methodologies for national and EU monitoring of energy efficiency trends and CO2 ( on definition, calculation, level of disaggregation etc.); Increase the capacity building at national level; Report in a common language on energy efficiency trends based on harmonised indicators; Perform cross-country comparison and benchmarking (adjusted indicators); Increase the use and the legitimacy of the results (quality control, dissemination); Expand the country coverage (EU-15 and Norway; new EU member states, Croatia, IEA countries, Turkey, Tunisia; Improve the link between indicators and policies (ODYSSEE-MURE); Participate to the development of the harmonised methodology for the monitoring of the energy savings target of the EU Energy Service Directive (ESD) (EMEEES project, EDM Committee of DGTREN, Eurostat); ODYSSEE Data Base in Brief ODYSSEE is a comprehensive internet data base (www.odyssee- indicators.org), that has been developed progressively over the last 15 years. It now covers 29 countries (EU-27, Norway, Croatia), EU-27 and EU-15. This data base is yearly updated by 29 national teams, generally the national energy efficiency agencies (or their representative) The cost of the data base (0,24 M€/ year) is co-financed by the EU (IEE programme) (50%), national teams (40%) and other sources (10%). This data base is part of broader project on the monitoring of energy demand trends and energy efficiency in the EU, called ODYSSEE- MURE (EU-27), including a data base on policy measures (MURE) and reports by sector (4 reports) and by country (27). 5 The ODYSSEE of the ODYSSEE project • 1992 : ADEME proposed to the EnR club (energy efficiency agencies in Europe) to set- up cross country comparison on EEI based on French experience (6 country pionneers); • 1995: DG TREN suggested a financing to the project (100%): birth of ODYSSEE; extension to EU-15 countries, creation of a technical coordination; • 1998 : DGTREN/Save co-financed ODYSSEE (50%); • 1999 : collaboration with Eurostat on energy efficiency indicators book • 2000 : pilot project for EU-10 cofinanced by DGTREN/Save; • 2000: Clustering ODYSSEE-MURE (energy efficiency policy data base) EU-15; • 2003-2007 : extension of the AIE-ODYSSEE collaboration on indicators; tunisia, turkey • 2007: extension of ODYSSEE-MURE DGTREN/to EU 27 + Croatia and Norway; methodological inputs for ESD target monitoring. Main features of ODYSSEE data base ODYSSEE data base includes: Energy consumption data by sector and end-use and their drivers (about 1000 data series, of which 600 main data series) Half energy consumption data and half non energy data Importance of the consistency between the definition and coverage of energy consumption categories and drivers Energy efficiency and CO2 indicators at macro or sectoral levels (about 180 indicators) Over period 1990-2007 (from 1980 for most EU-15 countries) (1996 for some new members such as Baltic countries, Malta and Cyprus) 7 2. Project implementation “ a decentralised data collection” The crucial rôle of national teams • What kind of national teams ? – National Focal Points selected by ADEME, generally energy efficiency agencies; – Composition of the national team is the duty of the focal point; variable in size and type of expertise (energy and/or policy analyst, statisticians); – Sponsored by EC and generally co-financed by government; – Can sub-contract some works (generally statistics); • What is the role of national teams? – To carry out the data collection based on an harmonised template; – To report on energy efficiency trends through harmonised indicators; – To participate in the methodological discussion – To agree on methodological consensus ; – To disseminate the results at national level . The role of the technical coordination The composition of the technical coordination: – Researchers and consultants with worldwide expertise on energy demand, policy analysis and data management . The role of the technical coordination: – Propose methodologies (definition, calculation, interpretation of EEI) – Propose future development (ex ICT, indicators of competitiveness) – Ensure training including guidelines – Develop the tools (now internet data base) – Manage the harmonisation of the data collection – Ensure the quality control and the reporting of data gaps to NT – Carry out the calculation of adjusted indicators – Carrry out cross country comparison and report A network of all energy efficiency agencies ( or their representatives) 3. Originality, fallouts, difficulties, future developments Originality of ODYSSEE data base on indicators (1/3) : a wide range of indicators In ODYSSEE : a wide range of indicators and number is increasing: why? Energy efficiency has different meaning and frontiers (economic versus technical efficiency). Policy measures aims at different target (e.g. for cars, technical improvements, reduction of mobility change of behavior): depending on the definition used and the target, different indicators may be considered (e.g. for cars toe/passenger-km, toe/car; l/100 km, l/kg); Interpretation is enriched by comparing several indicators to show for instance the impact on energy consumption of factors not linked to energy efficiency (e.g. lifestyles, behaviors , structural changes, modal shift); Alternative indicators are often necessary to cope with possible data gaps; Originality of ODYSSEE data base on indicators (2/3) : organisation of the data collection Decentralization of data collection => a guarantee to have the best data available in each country and a rapid updating to monitor the most recent trends; Great expertise and flexibility to develop new indicators to answer all new questions Central management to guarantee the harmonization and quality check (regular reports on data problems and interaction with national teams) Assistance to national teams to expand their data and make estimations (e.g. household consumption by end-use) ; Regular workshops to exchange on data and indicators and to review and compare the quality of the updating and data coverage a good stimulus for countries Originality of ODYSSEE data base on indicators (3/3) Availabilityof detailed indicators by end-use for the EU-27 and EU- 15 as a whole, much beyond of what is currently available from existing data at Eurostat: calculated as a weighted average of indicators on the sample of countries for which they exist e.g. specific consumption of cars, energy use per m2, specific consumption per ton of cement. Production of comparable indicators for countries outside the EU: Through a collaboration with IEA for Canada, USA, Japan, Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Switzerland (exchange of data through restricted access); Through bilateral projects (e.g. Turkey, Tunisia) The users of ODYSSEE data and indicators •DG-TREN: explicit reference in the Energy Service Directive to the ODEX indicators ; EMOS database (Energy Market Observatory) includes about 20 indicators from ODYSSEE. •DG- ENV: indicators for GHG monitoring based on ODYSSEE indicators; •EUROSTAT designed its own indicators taking into account the experience of ODYSSEE indicators . •EEA (European Environmental Agency): use of ODYSSEE indicators in the annual TERM report and in the fourth pan-European environment assessment report in the 'Environment for Europe' process in the framework of UNECE. The users of ODYSSEE data and indicators •JRC Ispra and IPTS are also making use of ODYSSEE data for different studies for the Commission, including the reference system SRS for energy efficiency monitoring. •IEA: use of ODYSSEE data to build its indicators for European countries. • •WEC (World energy Council) and the energy Charter Secretariat are regularly relying on these indicators in publications and workshops. •Use of ODYSSEE data in some models used by the European Commission (eg PRIMES and POLES) Current developments Data collection: – Improvement of energy consumption breakdown by end uses for households and by vehicle type; – Diffusion of energy efficient equipment (e.g. CFL’s, condensing boilers, efficient cars, water heat pumps, low emission glazing); – Assessment of data quality; Indicators: – ICT indicators – Energy efficiency index (ODEX for ESD) – Total savings versus related policy savings (price effect, autonomous progress) – Technical versus behavioural savings Expansion of country coverage – Extension to Mediterranean countries, India; Russia? Project fallouts • Important methodological input for EU discussion related to the energy service directive target monitoring ; • Increasing use by international or national organisations; • Capacity buildings (EU 10, Croatia, Tunisia , i.e. more than 70 experts) and data management (SEI); • Improvement of data (Eurostat survey on households, energy breakdown for transport and households) ; • Publication of indicators in some national energy statistical yearbooks (e.g. Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Ireland, Denmark, Poland , Spain , UK) Data availability by country Several countries have improved their data availability concerning consumption by end-use the project has developed some methods to help countries with missing data to do estimates on the basis of the methodology of countries with data Households AT BE CY CZ DE DK EE EL ES FI FR HU IE IT LT LU LV MT NL PL PT SE SI SK UK RO HR BG Space heating Water heating Cooking Electrical appliances and lighting Electricity cons. by electrical appliance Lighting available added recently Planned : under developpement not existing few year available 20 Quality of data sources for households A: Official statistics B: Surveys/ modelling C: Estimations Uncertainty of energy consumption of households by end uses * *data used to calculate energy savings and energy efficiency gains in Households 22 Difficulties To secure the budget over time; To deal with increasing turnover with some national teams need regular training; To reconciliate different cultures (statisticians, analysts, economists, engineers) To reach some methodological consensus (e.g. on the level of disaggregation, reference year, method of calculation, adjustments to national circumstances ); To rely on semi official data; Large discrepancies in data coverage (transport, services etc.) , in data quality and in data availability (in some EU new members states) limit the degree of harmonisation among countries; These difficulties may increase along with the political endorsement of the results Conclusion Target monitoring and benchmarking become the most important use of energy efficiency indicators; Project implementation makes the difference (decentralised data collection, energy efficiency experts, funding); A relevant analysis requires a large set of indicators and consequently detailed data including semi-official data; Indicators analysis reveals data inconsistencies and motivate countries to improve and correct their data; Additional efforts should be made to provide end-use data as time series. Liberalisation of energy market provides opportunities for end- uses surveys supported by governments. Need to secure the data collection on a long term basis; ODYSSEE is the current best practice in Europe to monitor energy efficiency A mandatory data collection should be a step by step approach because the data collection (activity and energy) requires interministerial works.