National Parks of India
Besides its numerous wildlife sanctuaries, India also sports nearly
twenty national parks. All manner of flora and fauna can be found within
the boundaries of these parks. Below are a few of the most popular.
Sri Venkateshwara National Park extends over two districts of Chittoor
and Cuddapah of Andhra Pradesh in an area of 353.62 sq.km. The park
established in October 1989, is named after Lord Venkateshwara of
Tirupati. It is located in Rajampet of Cuddapah district and Chandragiri
and Bailapadu of Chittoor district. The hilly terrain bounded by
Seshachalam and Tirumala hills is rugged and beautiful with gorges, steep
slopes, plateaus and valleys. The park is also famous for its beautiful
waterfalls like Talakona, Gundalakona and Gunjana.
Kaziranga National Park lies on the south bank of the Brahamaputra. The
Park was established in 1908 and was declared a National Park in 1974.
Hemis High-Altitude National Park is the largest high-altitude reserve of
India. Very close to Leh, in the area of Markha and Rumbak Valleys, the
area in general is rocky and sparsely covered. The park comes under the
district of Ladakh and represents the Trans-Himalayan ecosystem. The park
was established in the year 1981 to preserve the dwindling population of
wildlife in Ladakh region with an area of 600 sq km. The park has been
earmarked as one of the snow leopard reserves under a central government
project to conserve the species, its prey population, and fragile
mountain habitat.It takes its name from the world famous Buddhist Gompa
Sunderban is located in the Ganga delta in West Bengal and was declared a
National Park in 1984. It covers a vast stretch of mangrove swamp, lush
forested islands and small rivers near the Bay of Bengal and comprises
mainly of estuarine mangrove forests and swamps. The Sajnakhali
sanctuary, famous for its rich avian population, is regarded as a part of
the Sunderbans National Park.