Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso The Best

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					Pablo Picasso
The Best Known Artist of Our Times
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
          Growing Up Picasso
• Picasso was born on October 25,1881 in
  Malaga, Andalusia, Spain to Don Jose Ruiz
  Blasco and Maria Picasso y Lopez.

• His full name was Pablo Diego José
  Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María
  de los Remedios Crispiano de la Santisima
• His father taught drawing and served as
  curator of Malaga municipal museum and
  dabbled in painting.

• His family moved to Corunna when he was
  10 – Jose got a position as Professor of
  Drawing at the Instituto Da Guarda.
• Even as a young boy, it was apparent that
  Pablo had great potential as an artist.
                     This was painted when
                     he was 8 or 9 years

                      Le Picador, 1889-1890
                      Oil on wood
Profil Droit d’homme, 1892-1893
Conté pencil

      11 years old
•1895 – Don Jose transferred to the
School of Fine Arts in Barcelona
•1896 – Picasso enrolled in the School of
Fine Arts at age 14
•He required one day to complete
entrance exams to SFA – the rules of the
school allowed one month to complete
entrance examination
Tetê de Vieillard, 1895
Oil on Canvas

   14 years old
• 1897 – Science and Charity wins “Honorable
  Mention” at Madrid General Fine Arts
• 1897 – Science and Charity wins “Gold Medal”
  at Provincial Exhibition in Malaga

                           Science et charité, 1897
                           Oil on canvas
• 1897 – Because of his success at the
  Exhibition in Malaga, Picasso is sent to
  Madrid to learn at the Royal Academy of
  San Fernando

  Fille bohemienne devant La Musciera,   Tête d’homme à la Greco, 1899
        1898 [1900] Pastel on paper               Oil on Canvas

• Picasso‟s work was uninspired though –
  he did not stay long at the school
• 1900 – Picasso went to Paris for the first time
   – Divided next 3 years between Paris and Spain
   – Met Pedro Manach on first trip to Paris
     • Did financially well during this period

                                    Le Moulin de la Galette, 1900
           The Blue Period
• Spanned 1901-1904

• His paintings of this time were usually bathed
  in blues and greens, with wispy, sad-looking
  characters. They were known for creating
  feelings of sadness in the viewer.

• This period may have been attributed to the
  suicide of Picasso‟s friend, Carlos
"...a new malaise of bitterness and wrath
     now drove his work toward a tragic
     expressionism. The obsession with
 Casagemas's...suicide colored the entire
              Blue Period..."

--Pierre Cabanne, Pablo Picasso: His Life
             and Times (1977)
Miséreuse accroupie, 1902   Le vieux juif (Le vieillard), 1903
      Oil on canvas                  Oil on canvas
Vieux Guitariste Aveugle (1903)
• His Blue Period paintings were not
  well-received by the public
  – Works dated 1901 and earlier
    continued to sell
  – Public still preferred naturalistic
         The Rose Period
• Began in the beginning of 1905 when
  Picasso took up with Fernande Olivier

• Populated by saltimbanques, harlequins,
  and jesters
 Acrobate et Jeune
  Arlequin (1905)
Gouache & pastel on cardboard
  Bouffon et Jeune
  Acrobate (1905)
Charcoal, pastel & watercolor on
• Picasso was „discovered‟ in 1905 by
  Gertrude Stein, who became a good friend
  and collector of Picasso‟s works.

                     Portrait de Gertrude Stein, 1906
                     Oil on canvas
 Primitivism Leads to Cubism…
• 1906 – Met Georges
  – Together they
    explored African
    art, Cubism, and
    paper collage
                       Georges Braque:
                       Houses at L’Estaque, 1908
Masque Nègre, 1907
   Oil on wood

                     Autoportrait, 1907
                       Oil on canvas
                                          Nu Debout, Trois Femmes,
                                             Pencil & watercolor
• 1907- painted Les Damoiselles d'Avignon
  – „Brutally violent‟ masterpiece that was
    universally unappreciated by viewers
  – Bought by Daniel-Henry Kahweiler
     • Became Picasso's principal dealer until 1918
Les Damoiselles d'Avignon (1907)
• 1910 – invented "cracked mirror" style of

 Portrait de Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler,
                        Oil on canvas
• Fernande Olivier was “replaced” by Eva Gouel
• Picasso starts using Cubism
• Cubism was ridiculed by public, but the number
  of Picasso collectors continued to grow
• Picasso and Braque gave life to Cubism and
  developed the style
Pipe, verre, as de trefle, bouteille de Bass, guitare, de (‘Ma Jolie’), 1914
                               Oil on canvas
Compotier avec fruits, mandoline, verre sure une table dans un paysage, 1915
                                Oil on canvas
    Cubism Out, Surrealism In
• December 1915 - Eva died of tuberculosis
• 1915 - Picasso met writer Jean Cocteau
  – Cocteau became Picasso's good friend
• Picasso made first foray into theatre
  – Did set and costumes for Parade performed
    by Ballets Russes
Sketch of set for Parade, 1917
• 1918 – Picasso married Olga
  Khoklova, one of the Russian dancers
  with Ballets Russes

• 1921 – Picasso and
  Olga's son Paul was
  born. Paul was
  Picasso's only
  legitimate child
                    Portrait de Olga, 1919
            India ink & tempera on paper
•This is a painting of Picasso‟s son Paul, as
a harlequin.

Paul as Harlequin (1924)
• Around 1923, Picasso began to depart from
  Cubism, and turned towards classicism

• 1923 – Picasso broke ground with Surrealism

• His marriage with Olga started breaking up

• 1923 – Olga was “replaced” in Picasso's art by
  Sara Murphy
          Women and War:
       Sources of Key Paintings
• 1927 – Met Marie-Therese Walter, and they
  began a clandestine affair
• 1935 – Picasso‟s relationship with Marie-
  Therese produced a child, Maya
• 1935 – Went through divorce proceedings with
  – Divorce proceedings were eventually dropped
  – Although separated, the Picassos remained
    married until Olga's death in 1955
• 1936 - Met photographer Dora Marr
   – Began an affair with Dora Marr even as he
     continued to see Marie-Therese
• April 26, 1937- German planes bombed and
  strafe Guernica – a small Basque town in Spain
• Bombing at Guernica produced Picasso's
  anguished Guernica for the Spanish Pavilion of
  Paris World's Fair
   – Guernica embodied the horror and crime of
     attack and Picasso's deep pain at what was
     happening to his country
Guernica (1937)
• German Occupation of France
  – Picasso rarely ventured out of his studio
  – He was occasionally harassed by
• 1943 - Met artist Francois Gilot, who
  replaced Dora Maar
  – Picasso was now 62 years old
  Autobiographical Classicism Takes Priority
                in Last Years

• 1944 – Picasso joins Communist Party
• 1946 – Francois Gilot moves in
• 1947 – Picasso and Francois' son, Claude, is
• 1948 – Participated in Warsaw Congress of
  Intellectuals for Peace
• 1949 – Picasso and Francois's daughter,
  Paloma, is born
• 1950 – Picasso was awarded with the Lenin
  Peace Prize by the Communist Party
• 1953 – Francois left Picasso
   – She was tired of being "enslaved" to him
• 1953 – Met Jacqueline Rogue
• 1957 – UNESCO (United Nations Educational,
  Scientific and Cultural Organization) asked
  Picasso to design a mural for the building in
• 1958 – The Fall of Icarus was installed in
  UNESCO's building in Paris
The Fall of Icarus, 1958
•1961 – Married Jacqueline Rogue

         Jacqueline en mariee, de face I(XIV), 1961
     Aquatint, drypoint, engraving & scraper on Auvergne
• Kept painting until death in 1973
  – Only exception was in late 1965, when he
    secretly had ulcer surgery

                              Picasso at his studio
     Death Stinks, Doesn‟t It?
• Died April 8, 1973
  – Died of heart attack brought on by pulmonary
  – Died at age 91
• Estate yielded phenomenal inventory of
  remaining works- over 35,000 pieces of art
• Included paintings, drawings, sculptures,
  ceramics, prints, and woodcuts

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