L-R- is a Mexican woman who applied for asylum in the US in 2005. She is one of countless victims of gender-based violence, which in recent decades has become a matter of international concern and which policymakers around the world have taken steps to combat. The US has been among the nations that have made eliminating gender-based violence a priority by passing such legislation as the Violence Against Women Act and by creating two special forms of visas for victims of domestic violence. The purpose of asylum is to grant protection from persecution to individuals whose governments fail or are otherwise unable to protect them or engage in persecution. In order to qualify as a refugee and be granted asylum in the US, an individual must have a "well-founded fear of persecution on account of" one of five grounds, which are: 1. race, 2. religion, 3. nationality, 4. membership in a particular social group and 5. political opinion.
In Search of Guidance: An Examination of Past, P
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