ALBANY CONGRESS by nikeborome

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									The following are primary source documents concerning the causes of
the American Revolutionary War. Answer the questions following each
document in complete sentences. Each question is worth four points.
Good Luck!!!!



                               Document 1
                           Treaty of Paris- 1763




1. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended what war?

2. Which two countries shared control of North America after 1763?

3. What was the purpose of the Proclamation Line of 1763?

4. How did British colonists react to the Proclamation Line of 1763?
                                   Document 2
                          Albany Congress, 1754




                                By Benjamin Franklin
                          Cartoon in the Pennsylvania Gazette
                                      May 9, 1754

5. What is the source of this document?

6. What does each segment of the snake represent?

7. What is the message of this political cartoon by Benjamin Franklin?
                                  Document 3
                                Stamp Act, 1765
                     “No Taxation without Representation”




                             Protest against the Stamp Act
                          The sign in the background reads:
                    "The Folly of England and the Ruin of America"


8. Why did Britain need money from the colonists?

9. What did the Stamp Act do?

10. What does „No Taxation Without Representation‟ mean?

11. Name one violent way in which the colonists protested the Stamp act.
                 Document 4- Townshend Acts 1767
  “Now, one of the most essential branches of English liberty is
  the freedom of one’s house. A man’s house is his castle; and
 while he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle.
This writ, if it should be declared legal, would totally destroy this
privilege. Customhouse officers may enter our houses when they
                               please.”
                               - James Otis, talking about the Writs of Assistance

12. Why is James Otis angry about the Townshend Acts?

                Document 5- Boston Massacre- 1770


                                                           Paul Revere‟s print of "The
                                                           Bloody Massacre
                                                           perpetrated in King Street"
                                                           in Boston, March 5, 1770.
                                                           Three weeks after the
                                                           occurrence, Revere was
                                                           advertising his prints for
                                                           sale in Boston's
                                                           newspapers. Revere's
                                                           historic engraving is long
                                                           on political propaganda
                                                           and short on accuracy.
                                                           Patriotic propaganda like
                                                           this called the incident a
                                                           massacre to stir up feelings
                                                           against the British
                                                           government.




13. Why did British soldiers fire into the group of colonists?

14. Why did Paul Revere publish this print, which was an obvious exaggeration of what
had really happened?
               Document 6- Boston Tea Party, 1773




                                                Detail of The Bostonians Paying the
                                                Excise (tax) Man (1774), a color
                                                engraving by an unknown artist; John
                                                Carter Brown Library at Brown
                                                University, Providence, RI. The sign
                                                on the Liberty Tree is upside down
                                                and reads “Stamp Act”. The pot has
                                                the word “TEA” printed on it.




15. What does the word “boycott” mean?

16. What are the men doing in the background?

17. Why are they doing this?

18. What group of people did Sam Adams lead during the “Boson Tea Party”?
                 Document 7-Intolerable Acts, 1774




                       Colonial protest against the Intolerable Acts


19-20. Name two laws that were included in the “Intolerable Acts” that infringed upon
the colonists‟ rights.

21. What was Britain‟s reason for passing the Intolerable Acts?

22. Why did the colonists call these acts “Intolerable”?

23. Describe one measure that colonial leaders passed during the First Continental
Congress.
          Document 8- Lexington and Concord 1775




    “THE SHOT HEARD
   ROUND THE WORLD”
      APRIL 19,1775




                                                    Battle of Lexington




             Outbreak of the Revolution                       Paul Revere's Ride, 1775


24. Who were the minutemen and how did they get that name?

25. Why did the British send troops to Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts?

								
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