The following are primary source documents concerning the causes of the American Revolutionary War. Answer the questions following each document in complete sentences. Each question is worth four points. Good Luck!!!! Document 1 Treaty of Paris- 1763 1. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended what war? 2. Which two countries shared control of North America after 1763? 3. What was the purpose of the Proclamation Line of 1763? 4. How did British colonists react to the Proclamation Line of 1763? Document 2 Albany Congress, 1754 By Benjamin Franklin Cartoon in the Pennsylvania Gazette May 9, 1754 5. What is the source of this document? 6. What does each segment of the snake represent? 7. What is the message of this political cartoon by Benjamin Franklin? Document 3 Stamp Act, 1765 “No Taxation without Representation” Protest against the Stamp Act The sign in the background reads: "The Folly of England and the Ruin of America" 8. Why did Britain need money from the colonists? 9. What did the Stamp Act do? 10. What does „No Taxation Without Representation‟ mean? 11. Name one violent way in which the colonists protested the Stamp act. Document 4- Townshend Acts 1767 “Now, one of the most essential branches of English liberty is the freedom of one’s house. A man’s house is his castle; and while he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle. This writ, if it should be declared legal, would totally destroy this privilege. Customhouse officers may enter our houses when they please.” - James Otis, talking about the Writs of Assistance 12. Why is James Otis angry about the Townshend Acts? Document 5- Boston Massacre- 1770 Paul Revere‟s print of "The Bloody Massacre perpetrated in King Street" in Boston, March 5, 1770. Three weeks after the occurrence, Revere was advertising his prints for sale in Boston's newspapers. Revere's historic engraving is long on political propaganda and short on accuracy. Patriotic propaganda like this called the incident a massacre to stir up feelings against the British government. 13. Why did British soldiers fire into the group of colonists? 14. Why did Paul Revere publish this print, which was an obvious exaggeration of what had really happened? Document 6- Boston Tea Party, 1773 Detail of The Bostonians Paying the Excise (tax) Man (1774), a color engraving by an unknown artist; John Carter Brown Library at Brown University, Providence, RI. The sign on the Liberty Tree is upside down and reads “Stamp Act”. The pot has the word “TEA” printed on it. 15. What does the word “boycott” mean? 16. What are the men doing in the background? 17. Why are they doing this? 18. What group of people did Sam Adams lead during the “Boson Tea Party”? Document 7-Intolerable Acts, 1774 Colonial protest against the Intolerable Acts 19-20. Name two laws that were included in the “Intolerable Acts” that infringed upon the colonists‟ rights. 21. What was Britain‟s reason for passing the Intolerable Acts? 22. Why did the colonists call these acts “Intolerable”? 23. Describe one measure that colonial leaders passed during the First Continental Congress. Document 8- Lexington and Concord 1775 “THE SHOT HEARD ROUND THE WORLD” APRIL 19,1775 Battle of Lexington Outbreak of the Revolution Paul Revere's Ride, 1775 24. Who were the minutemen and how did they get that name? 25. Why did the British send troops to Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts?
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