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Gastric_Bypass_-_The_Response_To_A_Man-Made_Problem

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					Title:
Gastric Bypass - The Response To A Man-Made Problem

Word Count:
715

Summary:
Obesity is as old as time itself and for many obesity is caused by
medical or genetic problems. In today's world, however, the alarming
increase in the rate of obesity is very much a man-made problem, fired in
part by the availability, and popularity, of the gastric bypass.

Advances in surgical techniques, not least the arrival of laparoscopic
procedures, have made the gastric bypass a much simpler and more
acceptable solution to the problem of obesity. What is more, the p...


Keywords:
gastric bypass, laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery, weight loss surgery,
obesity


Article Body:
Obesity is as old as time itself and for many obesity is caused by
medical or genetic problems. In today's world, however, the alarming
increase in the rate of obesity is very much a man -made problem, fired in
part by the availability, and popularity, of the gastric bypass.

Advances in surgical techniques, not least the arrival of laparoscopic
procedures, have made the gastric bypass a much simpler and more
acceptable solution to the problem of obesity. What is more, the profile
of the gastric bypass has been raised substantially in recent years
helped in no small way by the number of celebrities choosing this method
of weight loss.

The list of famous people following this route is long and includes the
coach of the Notre Dame football team Charlie Weiss, the footballer Diego
Maradona, the musician and harmonica virtuoso John Po pper and the rock
singer Randy Jackson to name just a few.

But why is obesity on the increase and is it truly a problem of our own
making?

Despite the fact that there was a slight rise in the rate of obesity
following world War II, the last twenty five years have seen a major
growth in obesity, particularly in the USA. The precise reason for this
is not known and there is fairly wide disagreement about the cause, but
here are just a few reasons over which there is general agreement.

1. We are far less active as a society preferring to watch our favorite
sport instead of getting out and playing the game ourselves and this is
the majority of true amongst people who are overweight. perhaps more
interestingly, if you lower the calorie intake for overweight people they
do not become more active and if you raise the calorie intake for lean
people they do not become less active. Weight loss, or gain, has little
effect on a person's level of activity, but that person's level of
activity does affect his weight.

2. Marketing today is highly sophisticated, if not subliminal, and this
is particularly true in the world of fast and convenience foods. In
addition, a large number of restrictions were removed for advertising
made for children during the Reagan years and ma ny of these restrictions
covered such things as sweets and fast foods.

3. We are increasingly becoming a nation of two income households which
means that people are now cooking far less at home. The number of people
choosing home delivered meals, opting for fast food take out or
frequenting their local restaurant has grown dramatically in recent
years.

4. Trade subsidies negotiated during the past twenty five years have
greatly cut the relative cost of food, not least that of sugar and sugar
syrup. This in turn means that we now consume a lot more than we
previously did.

5. Despite the present discussion over oil prices, the car is no longer
considered a luxury and the two car family has become the norm. We do not
think twice now about jumping into the car for even the shortest of
journeys and many people wouldn't even consider walking down to the shop
at the end of the street.

6. Strangest of all perhaps is the effect that the craze for diet and
exercise has had on the rise in obesity. We have become obsessed with
dieting and many people diet as frequently as they change their clothes.
Unfortunately it's the case that most diets fail and, following a diet,
it is common for your weight to rise to a level even higher than it was
before you started. This pattern of falling and rising weight over time
usually results in a steady underlying increase in weight towards
obesity.

Each one of the factors mentioned here not only add to the growth in
obesity but is also clearly made-made.

Now certainly gastric bypass provides one possible solution. However,
even though the procedure is much simpler than it used to be and is
gaining in popularity, it remains far from a pleasant experience and is
not without its risks.

For those people who are obese today gastric bypass presents an excellent
solution to their problem. For our children and grandchildren however
perhaps the answer lies in preventing obesity rather than sitting back
and waiting for the problem to arrive before resorting to gastric bypass
surgery.