1 Pronunciation symbols /p/ = pen /w/ = way /b/ = bad /e/ = let /t/ = tap / / = add /d/ = do /i / = teeth /k/ = can /i/ = bit / / = get /ɑ / = art /f/ = few /ɒ/ = dog /v/ = view /ɔ / = form /θ/ = throw /υ/ = put /ð/ = though /u / = do /s/ = see / / = cup /z/ = zoo / / = skirt /ʃ/ = shop /ə/ = the / / = measure /ei/ = make /tʃ/ = cheese /əυ/ = home /d / = join /ai/ = ﬂy /m/ = man /aυ/ = now /n/ = not /ɔi/ = enjoy /ŋ/ = ring /iə/ = near /h/ = hot /eə/ = care /l/ = let /υe/ = poor /r/ = rain // = main stress after / ɑ ftə/ /j/ = yet // = seconadry stress afternoon / ɑ ftə nu n/ Abbreviations Noun (n) = podstatné meno Adj. = prídavné meno Verb (v) = sloveso Adv. = príslovka Pron = zámeno Prep = predložka Number = èíslovka Pearson Longman Slovak Ventures, s.r.o Reprezentantka pre SR: Kasalova 6 Mgr. Adriana Miková 949 01 Nitra Mobil: 0911 710 717 tel.: 037/ 65 20 261 e-mail: email@example.com fax: 037/ 77 20 190 Ing. Božena Zajacová e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Mobil: 0911 710 737 email@example.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Ing. Renáta Danihelová www.slovakventures.sk Mobil: 0911 710 787 e-mail: email@example.com Published 2008 3 MODULE 1 Identity bracelet / breislit/ n náramok He bought her a gold bracelet as a sign of his affection. (be) really into / riəli intə, intυ/ phr v zaujíma sa breathed in / bri ðd in/ phr v vdýchnu He breathed in o.. Martin‘s really into modelling US railroads – he even edits her perfume as she brushed past him. a magazine on the subject. brochure / brəυʃə, ʃυə/ n leták, brožúra Pick up some (be) really keen on / riəli ki n ɒn/ phr by blázon holiday brochures on your way home, and we‘ll decide where do.. Jim‘s become really keen on photography since he got to go. his digital camera. canoeing /kə nu iŋ/ n kanoing I‘ve only tried canoeing abroad /ə brɔ d/ adv v zahranièí I‘ve never lived abroad once, and I fell out and nearly drowned! before. can‘t stand / kɑ nt st nd/ v nemôc znies /vystá accommodation /ə kɒmə deiʃən/ n ubytovanie I can‘t stand sitting in the house all day when it‘s nice and sunny The price for the holiday includes ﬂights and hotel accommodation. outside. advanced /əd vɑ nst/ adj pokroèilý The USA was trying careless / keələs/ adj nedbalý, bezstarostný It was to develop ever more advanced weapons systems. careless of him to leave the door unlocked. aggression /ə reʃən/ n agresia, násilníctvo class-conscious / klɑ s kɒnʃəs/ adj bra do úvahy Television violence can encourage aggression in children. príslušnos k spoloèenskej triede In many ways altogether / ɔ ltə eðə/ adv dohromady, spolu It‘s the British are still as class-conscious as they ever were. a very old custom that has vanished altogether over the years. clean up / kli niŋ p/ phr v upratova She was forever ambition / m biʃən/ n cie¾, ambícia She fulﬁlled her cleaning up after her son. ambition to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes. cloudless / klaυdləs/ adj bezoblaèná She lay sunbathing ambitious / m biʃəs/ adj cie¾avedomý, ambiciózny under a cloudless sky. Alfred was intensely ambitious, obsessed with the idea of clubbing / kl biŋ/ n chodenie do klubov She always becoming rich. goes clubbing when she‘s in New York. arrangements /ə reind mənts/ n prípravy, usporiadanie clues /klu z/ n stopa, vodítko The police have no clues Rachael phoned the hotel yesterday to check the arrangements to who might have committed the crime. for her wedding reception. come over /keim əυvə/ phr v prís k Jack came over astrology /ə strɒləd i/ n astrológia She believes in and asked me to dance. astrology, and checks her horoscope in the paper every day. come up /k m p/ phr v objavi sa, vyjs najavo atmosphere / tməsfiə/ n atmosféra The hotel had One thing that came up was the question of how to pay for a lovely relaxed atmosphere. the new equipment. attic / tik/ n podkrovie He lived in a small attic room at communicative /kə mju nikətiv/ adj komunikatívny the top of the house. Tom wasn‘t very communicative, and kept himself to himself. autobiography / ɔ təbai ɒ rəfi/ n životopis, autobiografia competition / kɒmpə tiʃən/ n sú až Competition for the job He‘s writing his autobiography, and he‘s only nineteen! was intense. awaken /ə weikənd/ v zobudi , prebra We were awakened competitive /kəm petətiv/ adj sú aživý Some US by the alarm clock. industries are not as competitive as they have been in background / b k raυnd/ n pozadie, pôvod Steve the past. has a background in computer engineering. conservative /kən s vətiv/ adj konzervatívny badminton / b dmintən/ n bedminton Playing The party takes a very conservative attitude to the country‘s badminton every week helps keep us ﬁt. education system. bare /beə/ adj bosý There was a ragged child with bare feet considerate /kən sidərət/ adj pozorný, oh¾aduplný begging at the roadside. He was always kind and considerate to me. bargained / bɑ ind/ v vyjednáva cenu I didn‘t want conventional /kən venʃənəl/ adj konvenèný Internet to pay the price he was asking, so I bargained and got a few connections through conventional phone lines are fairly slow. pounds off. cottage / kɒtid / n chata We rented a country cottage in beam /bi m/ n zväzok lúèov The rabbit froze when it was Devon for our two-week holiday. caught in the beam of the car‘s headlights. courses / kɔ siz/ n kurzy - vyuèovacie Details of next beat /bi t/ v porazi Brazil were beaten 2–1 by Argentina. term‘s courses can be found in the college handbook. belief /bi li f/ n viera To become a priest you need a strong create /kri eit/ v stvori , vytvori Some people believe belief in God. the universe was created by a big explosion. bemoan /bi məυn/ v ¾utova , trúchli He was bemoaning crime /kraim/ n zloèin We moved here because there was the fact that lawyers charge so much. very little crime. bore /bɔ / v nudi He‘s the sort of person who bores you death /deθ/ n smr The death of his mother came as a tremendous at parties. shock. 4 decent / di sənt/ adj slušný He‘s paid a decent salary but found out / faυnd aυt/ phr v zisti Chris found out that doesn‘t think it‘s enough. her great-grandfather used to be a policeman. deep down / di p daυn/ prep phr hlboko vo vnútri Deep garage / rid / n garáž Jenny likes all kinds of music, down, I think she‘s embarrassed because her family has so much from classical to garage. money. gas / s/ n plyn The oven is electric, but the hob is powered democratic / demə kr tik/ adj demokratický They by gas. elected a democratic government for the ﬁrst time in 1957. get at / et ət, t/ phr v robi si z niekoho žarty Why depth /depθ/ n håbka This sea has an average depth is he always getting at me? of 35 metres. get by / et bai/ phr v vystaèi si s príjmom I don‘t developed /di veləpt/ adj rozvinutý Energy consumption earn a huge salary, but we get by. in the developed world has risen steeply in recent years. get on with / et ɒn wið, wiθ/ phr v vychádza s niekým developing /di veləpiŋ/ adj rozvojový Aid to developing I get on really well with my wife‘s parents. countries has been increased by 30 per cent this year. get to / et tə, tυ/ phr v prís do.. When does this train devote myself to /di vəυt mai self tə, tυ/ v phr by get to Edinburgh? oddaný He has devoted himself to good works all his life. getting on with /ə jυ etiŋ ɒn/ phr v vychádza s... dew /dju / n rosa The grass was wet with early morning dew. How are you getting on with the people at your new ofﬁce? doll /dɒl/ n bábika He was carving a small wooden doll for gift / ift/ n dar The earrings were a gift from my aunt. his granddaughter. glinting / lintiŋ/ v lesknú sa The sea was glinting in door attendant / dɔ r ə tendənt/ n vrátnik The door the sunlight. attendant stopped him when he tried to leave without paying. glisten / lisəniŋ/ v lesknú sa The tears were glistening draw /wəz drɔ iŋ/ v kresli The boys were drawing grafﬁti on her cheeks. on the wall. goose / u s/ n hus They had goose for Christmas dinner. dust /d st/ n prach All the furniture was covered in a thick grateful / reitfəl/ adj vïaèný I‘m so grateful for all your layer of dust. help. easy-going / i zi əυiŋ/ adj bezstarostný, ¾ahkomyse¾ný hard-working / hɑ d w kiŋ/ adj ažko pracujúci Her easy-going nature made her popular. He was always a hard-working teacher, and he got the post of emotional /i məυʃənəl/ adj citový, emocionálny She deputy head this year. provided emotional support at a very distressing time for me. historic /hi stɒrik/ adj historický It‘s a TV programme enclose /in kləυz/ v priloži Please enclose a cheque with about the restoration of historic buildings. your order. homesick / həυm sik/ adj smútiaci za domovom enquiry /in kwaiəri/ n vyšetrovanie, prešetrovanie Bill loved Australia, but he felt homesick and wanted to go The police are making enquiries into his background. back home to see his friends. entrance /in tr nst/ adj uvies do vytrženia He was house /haυs/ n dom When I was young, ‚house‘ and ‚garage‘ entranced so completely by her that he fell on his knees and were things that people lived or worked in, not kinds of music! proposed. chat /tʃ t/ n pokec, rozhovor I‘ve had a long chat with entrance exams / entrəns i z m/ n vstupný test Vinnie. The entrance exams for this college are very difﬁcult. chatty / tʃ ti/ adj zhovorèivý He was in an unusually chatty excitable /ik saitəbəl/ adj popudlivý A puppy is naturally mood. affectionate and excitable. check in / tʃek in/ phr v zapísa sa Check in two hours extreme /ik stri m/ adj obrovský, extrémny Extreme before the ﬂight. poverty still exists in many rural areas. cheerful / tʃiəfəl/ adj veselý She‘s feeling more cheerful facilities /fə silətiz/ n vybavenie, technické prostriedky, today. možnosti Science facilities at the school have been greatly chestnut tree / tʃesn t tri / n gaštan - strom Grandad enhanced by the addition of the new laboratories. has a chestnut tree in his garden. family-oriented / f məli ɔ rientid, ɒri-/ adj rodinne childish / tʃaildiʃ/ adj detský, detinský He has a very zameraný This channel concentrates on family-oriented high, childish laugh for a man his age. programmes and doesn‘t broadcast adult ﬁlms. chop /tʃɒp/ v seka He went outside to chop some more flow /wəz fləυiŋ/ v tiec , prúdi The water was ﬂowing wood for the ﬁre. swiftly down the river. Christmas pudding / krisməs pυdiŋ/ n vianoèný folks /fəυks/ n rodina I‘d like to take you to Glasgow and puding Would you like some cream on your Christmas introduce you to my folks. pudding? fortyish or so / fɔ tiiʃ ɔ səυ/ phr štyridsiatnik I wouldn’t mind / wυdnt maind/ v nevadilo by mi.. alebo tak nejako She looks younger, but in fact she‘s I wouldn‘t mind if the seats in the cinema were comfortable, fortyish or so. but they were as bad as the ﬁlm! 5 I‘d rather /d rɑ ðə/ phr radšej by som... I‘d rather go lining / lainiŋ/ n orámovanie, obšívka He bought me to the dentist than go and see that ﬁlm again – it was terrible! a lovely black jacket with a red silk lining. ideal / ai diəl/ adj ideálny We‘ll give you good advice on loft /lɒft/ n povala Our neighbours have just done a loft how to reach your ideal weight. conversion. idealistic /ai diə listik/ adj idealistický Idealistic young logic / lɒd ik/ n logika The logic behind this statement doctors are working extremely long hours in our hospitals. is faulty. identity /ai dentəti/ n totožnos , identita The identity look after /lυk ɑ ftə/ phr v stara sa o... Don‘t worry, of the killer is still unknown. I‘ll look after the kids tomorrow. imitated / imiteitid/ v napodobòova She watched look forward to /lυk fɔ wəd tə, tυ/ phr v teši sa na... the dancer carefully and then imitated her every step. I‘m really looking forward to our vacation. impatient /im peiʃənt/ adj netrpezlivý We are growing look out / lυkt aυt/ phr v pozrie von I looked out of impatient with the lack of results. the window, but couldn‘t see Dad anywhere in the garden. in tears /in tiəz/ prep phr utápa sa v slzách Maria was in looking back on / lυkiŋ b k ɒn/ phr v ohliada sa spä tears because of the nasty comments you made about her cooking. Looking back on the holiday, it wasn‘t one of the best experiences in vain /in vein/ adv neúspešne I searched in vain for of my life. my wallet. lottery / lɒtəri/ n lotéria I always buy a lottery ticket but incident / insidənt/ n udalos , príhoda A spokesman I don‘t think I‘ll ever win the lottery. said it was an isolated incident. lungs /l ŋz/ n p¾úca The disease had affected his lungs, individual / ində vid uəl/ n jednotlivec The rights of but the outlook for his recovery was positive. the individual are sometimes lees important than the rights of made up of /iz meid p əv, ɒv/ phr v by vyrobený z.. the people in general. The colour green is made up of a mixture of blue and yellow. individualistic / individ uə listik/ adj osobitý You magnifying glass / m nifai iŋ lɑ s/ n zväèšovacie can‘t miss him, he has a very individualistic style of dressing! sklo, lupa You need a magnifying glass to read this writing, it‘s injure /wəz ind əd/ v zrani Charles was injured when so small! the car he was in collided with a tree. minority /mai nɒrəti/ n menšina Gaelic is still spoken in ink /iŋk/ n atrament Please write in black ink on the form. Ireland by a tiny minority. innovative / inəvətiv/ adj inovatívny, nový This course mood /mu d/ n nálada You‘re in a good mood this morning! takes an innovative approach to language teaching. moody / mu di/ adj náladový Keith had seemed moody intensive /in tensiv/ adj intenzívny The college offers and depressed all morning. a one-week intensive course in English for businessmen movement / mu vmənts/ n pohyb The burglar‘s needing to learn the language quickly. movements were soft and stealthy. intolerant /in tɒlərənt/ adj netolerantný The party attracts muddy / m di/ adj zablatený Take your boots off outside people who are intolerant of other people‘s political beliefs. if they‘re muddy. introduce myself / intrə dju s mai self/ phr predstavi mug /m / n pohár I made the plumber a mug of coffee. sa Allow me to introduce myself – I‘m David‘s father. multicultural / m lti k ltʃərəl/ adj multikulturálny invisible /in vizəbəl/ adj nevidite¾ný The house was Living in a multicultural society means that you have to get on surrounded by trees and invisible from the road. with people from other cultures. judge /d d / v súdi , posudzova You should never mysterious /mi stiəriəs/ adj záhadný The police are judge a person by their looks. investigating the mysterious deaths of three children at the hospital. judo / d u dəυ/ n džudo Jack is a brown belt at judo, and mystery / mistəri/ n záhada Twenty years after the event, is not someone you should pick a ﬁght with. his death remains a mystery. kind /kaind/ adj milý They were very kind to me when I was nasty / nɑ sti/ adj odporný, protivný He has a nasty in need of help. temper and I avoid him as much as possible. knowledge / nɒlid / n vedomos You need specialist national park / n ʃənəl pɑ k/ n národný park John knowledge to do this job. Muir was the main person behind the creation of Yosemite ladder / l də/ n rebrík She climbed up the ladder. National Park. law-abiding / lɔ ə baidiŋ/ adj dodržujúci zákon I‘m nationalistic / n ʃənə listik/ adj nacionalistický, a law-abiding citizen – I‘ve never broken the law in my life! národný They were encouraging nationalistic sentiment leaves /li vz/ n listy It was autumn, and the leaves were among the students. falling from the trees. not (be) keen on myself / nɒt ki n ɒn mai self/ phr liberal / libərəl/ adj liberálny The authorities have started neby nieèomu naklonený, nepozdáva sa Brenda to take a more liberal attitude towards soft drugs. wants to go to Morocco this year, but I‘m not very keen on it myself. likeable / laikəbəl/ adj sympatický Sadie is a very happy, observer /əb z və/ n divák, pozorovate¾ Bergman likeable child. was a keen observer of human nature. 6 on purpose /ɒn p pəs/ prep phr zámerne Was it an accident, reckless / rekləs/ adj bezoh¾adný He was accused of or did the car run her over on purpose? causing death by reckless driving. operation / ɒpə reiʃən/ n operácia Ken needs a heart reliable /ri laiəbəl/ adj spo¾ahlivý Scientists have bypass operation or he may die. developed a birth control method that is cheap and reliable. origin / ɒrəd in/ n pôvod Her book has a new theory to religious /ri lid əs/ adj náboženský I don‘t share her explain the origins of the universe. religious beliefs – she‘s a Hindu and I‘m an atheist. outgoing / aυt əυiŋ/ adj otvorený, spoloèenský We‘re rely /ri lai/ v spo¾ahnú sa I knew I could rely on David to looking for someone with an outgoing, sociable personality. help me when I needed it. overjoyed / əυvə d ɔid/ adj preš astný He was overjoyed remain /ri meind/ v zosta , zotrva We remained long after to see his mother again. the others had gone. path /pɑ θ/ n chodník I walked nervously up the garden research /ri s tʃ/ n výskum The money you give will path towards the front door. fund research into the causes of cancer. patient / peiʃənt/ n pacient Most of the patients had a quiet reserved /ri z vd/ adj skromný, zdržanlivý Ellen was night, but Mr Jones was in a lot of pain. a shy, reserved girl. perfectionist /pə fekʃənist/ n perfekcionista Many top retired /ri taiəd/ adj v dôchodku, dôchodkový Before athletes are perfectionists who drive themselves to succeed. he started editing the newsletter, Mrs Granger was a retired perk up /aiv p kt p/ phr v oži I‘ve perked up since I had teacher with nothing to do. that cup of coffee. reveal /wəz ri vi ld/ v odhali The secret of his birth was personality / p sə n ləti/ n osobnos He was an ambitious revealed when the will was read. man with a strong personality. ride /wəz raidiŋ/ v jazdi I‘ve got a picture of your mum physics / fiziks/ n fyzika I was never any good at physics when we were riding donkeys on Blackpool beach. when I was at school. ring up / riŋ p/ phr v zavola , zatelefonova I‘ll ring picked me up / pikt mi p/ phr v vyzdvihnú , vzia the manager up tomorrow. autom Her husband always picked her up in the car after work. roam /rəυm/ v túla sa The dogs are allowed to roam around plants /plɑ nts/ n rastliny Jessica bought some plants wherever they want. for the garden. rock climbing / rɒk klaimiŋ/ n horolezectvo Hamish please /pli z/ v poteši They run the kind of business that likes to go rock climbing in the mountains at the weekends. wants to please its customers. romance /rəυ m ns, rə / n románik, vz ah Hemingway‘s poll /pəυl/ n vo¾by A recent poll found that 80% of romance with his nurse inspired him to write ‚A Farewell to Arms‘. Californians support the governor. romantic /rəυ m ntik, rə / adj romantický ‚Tom always pond /pɒnd/ n rybník, nádrž Take little Jimmy down to sends me red roses on my birthday.‘ ‚How romantic!‘ the park and let him sail his new boat on the pond. rooftops / ru ftɒps/ n vrchol strechy From his vantage popular / pɒpjələ/ adj ob¾úbený, populárny Hilary point he could see over the rooftops down to the harbour. was popular at school and had lots of friends. seagulls / si lz/ n èajka As we walked on the beach, powerful / paυəfəl/ adj mocný, vplyvný He was one of the seagulls wheeled overhead. the most powerful men in Bohemia. selfish / selfiʃ/ adj sebecký How can you be so selﬁsh? practice / pr ktis/ n precvièovanie It takes hours of Give him some of your sweets! practice to learn to play the guitar. sensible / sensəbəl/ adj rozumný She seems very sensible premature / premətʃə, tʃυə, premə tʃυə/ adj predèasný, – I‘m sure she won‘t do anything silly. nedonosený Her daughter was very small because she was sensitive / sensətiv/ adj citlivý, vnímavý Oscar Wilde born two months premature. was a sensitive and intelligent young man. primary school / praiməri sku l/ n základná škola sentimental / senti mentl/ adj citový, sentimentálny We went to the open day at our local primary school. The ﬁlm was just a bit too sentimental – it didn‘t reﬂect the real principles / prinsəpəlz/ n zásady, princípy He has very world. strong principles, and will never do anything that might be illegal. several / sevərəl/ adj nieko¾ko, pár They shook hands protect /prə tekt/ v chráni , ochraòova Are we doing and went their several ways. enough to protect the environment? show off / ʃəυ ɒf/ phr v predvádza sa He couldn‘t provide /prə vaid/ v poskytnú Tea and biscuits will be resist showing off on the tennis court. provided. shy /ʃai/ adj hanblivý He was a quiet, shy man who found put up with /pυt p wið, wiθ/ phr v vyrovna sa s.., it difﬁcult to make friends. znies , vydrža She put up with his violent temper for situated in / sitʃueitid in/ v nachádza sa The campsite years, but ﬁnally she couldn‘t tolerate it any more. is situated in the heart of the beautiful Pentland Hills. rather / rɑ ðə/ adv dos I was rather surprised to see him sociable / səυʃəbəl/ adj spoloèenský They‘re a pleasant, with his ex-wife. sociable couple who are popular with the neighbours. 7 some kind / s m kaind/ phr nejaký There was some kind traffic jams / tr fik d mz/ n cestná zápcha It‘s of problem with the car, and they had to stop and ﬁx it. good to get out of the city and onto the open road, away from something like / s mθiŋ laik/ phr nieèo ako.. Yes, all the trafﬁc jams. something like that would suit us ﬁne. unadventurous / nəd ventʃərəs/ adj nedobrodružný sort of / sɔ t əv/ phr akýsi I feel sort of funny – I think I‘ll have They‘re pretty unadventurous with their money, and don‘t like to lie down for a while. taking risks. soul /səυl/ n duša The priest talked about the immortality of variety /və raiəti/ n rozmanitos , rôznorodos The girls the soul. come from a variety of different backgrounds. spell /spel/ n zaklínadlo The magician cast a magic spell. violence / vaiələns/ n násilie There is too much sex and spell /speld/ v hláskova In the spelling test, I had only violence on TV these days. spelled two words correctly! violent / vaiələnt/ adj násilný The increase in violent spot /spɒt/ n miesto, oblas We found a nice quiet spot crime is due to the ease of obtaining handguns. on the beach. was lying /wəz lai iŋ/ v ležal When he came in, the dog spots /spɒts/ n škvrny, bodky He had been eating had chewed all the cushions and was lying on the sofa. spaghetti, and had spots of tomato sauce all down his wealthy / welθi/ adj bohatý He left as a poor, working shirt. class boy and returned as a wealthy man. staff /stɑ f/ n personál The entire staff has done an outstanding well /wel/ n studòa She lowered her bucket into the well. job this year. wood /wυd/ n drevo Put some more wood on the ﬁre. stale /steil/ adj starý, suchý This bread goes stale very woods /wυdz/ n lesy Heather takes her camera into the woods quickly because it has no preservatives. and photographs the birds and plants. steep /sti p/ adj strmý, príkry The path became rocky and steep as we got nearer the top of the mountain. strength /streŋθ/ n sila She didn‘t even have the strength MODULE 2 Laughter to stand up. abroad /ə brɔ d/ adv v zahranièí I‘ve never lived abroad sunshine / s nʃain/ n slneèné svetlo We had three days before – up till now I lived all my life in Britain. of spring sunshine. ache /eikt/ v bolie When I got up this morning my back survive /sə vaiv/ v preži Only 12 of the 140 passengers ached and I had a bad cough. survived. amused /ə mju zd/ adj pobavený, veselý Ellen seemed suspicious of /sə spiʃəs əv/ phr podozrievavý amused by the whole situation. Colin was suspicious of Jeff‘s reasons for offering to help. analyse / nəlaiziŋ/ v analyzova If you analyse the joke swooped through / swu pt θru / phr v vrhnú sa too closely you won‘t ﬁnd it funny. strmhlav The owl swooped through the air and caught announcements /ə naυnsmənts/ n oznamy, hlásenia a mouse. The station announcements are very difﬁcult to hear because of sympathetic / simpə θetik/ adj sympatický I could do the noise of the trains. with a sympathetic friend who will listen to my problems. approve of /ə pru v əv, ɒv/ v neschva¾ova She doesn‘t take off / teik ɒf/ phr v odlieta My ﬂight takes off for New approve of young children watching TV for more than an hour York at 3 o‘clock this afternoon. a day. temporary / tempərəri, pəri/ adj doèasný These attach to /ə t tʃt tə, tυ/ v pri¾nú , sta sa blízkym tablets will only provide temporary pain relief, so you should go I got very attached to my son‘s dog when I looked after him and see your doctor. over Christmas. tends to / tendz tə, tυ/ v ma sklon k.. She tends to get audience / ɔ diənsiz/ n publikum, diváci There are angry if you don‘t agree with her. some really tough audiences in the northern clubs and pubs. that sort of / ð t sɔ t əv/ phr taký druh ... Do you like badly behaved / b dli bi heivd/ adj správa sa neslušne, active holidays? You know, skiing and that sort of thing? nevychovane The children were badly behaved, so I sent thug /θ z/ n lupiè If you walk around here at night you‘re them to bed early. likely to be attacked by thugs. be attacked /wəz ə t kt/ v by napadnutý A little girl to finish off /tə finiʃ ɒf/ phr v ukonèi Harry, would you was attacked by two large dogs in the park. like to ﬁnish off by making a summary of the main points? birthday treat / b θdei tri t/ n narodeninový tolerant / tɒlərənt/ adj tolerantný Luckily, my parents zážitok As a special birthday treat, we‘re taking Sadie to were tolerant of my choice of music. Disneyland Paris. tolerate / tɒləreit/ v tolerova We simply will not tolerate bomb /bɒm/ n bomba Fortunately the house was empty vigilante groups on our streets. when the bomb exploded. traditional /trə diʃənəl/ adj tradièný Giovanni‘s border / bɔ də/ n hranica Troops were advancing across restaurant specialises in traditional Italian cooking. the German–Polish border. 8 bravely / breivli/ adv odvážne Jimmy struggled bravely cultural references / k ltʃərəl refərənsiz/ n kultúrny with his homework, but he couldn‘t work out the answers. odkaz, zmienka His speech included several cultural break /breik/ n prestávka, pauza We‘ll have a short references to ethnic minorities. break for lunch, then start again at 2 o‘clock. dairy cow / deəri kaυ/ n krava chovaná výhradne bright /brait/ adj chytrý, múdry I always said he was na mlieko We keep dairy cows for their milk and a few beef a bright young man and that he‘d do well in life. cattle as well. bull /bυl/ n býk There‘s a herd of cows in the ﬁeld, with one day trip / dei trip/ n jednodòový výlet My grandparents bull looking at them over the fence. took me on a day trip to Blackpool. burst out laughing / b st aυt lɑ fiŋ/ phr vybuchnú defend /di fend/ v bráni , ochraòova From 1914 to 1918 smiechom When she came out of the hairdresser‘s, the armed forces were engaged in a struggle to defend our everybody burst out laughing. homeland. cable / keibəl/ n kábel The white cable goes to the top of depressed /di prest/ adj trpiaci depresií She felt lonely the motor; the blue cable goes underneath. and depressed after her husband left her. cackle / k kəl/ v chichota , štebota They‘re always dim /dim/ adj tupý, obmedzený He never gets the point cackling like witches about some private joke. of my jokes – I‘m beginning to think he‘s a bit dim. canal /kə n l/ n kanál We walked along by the side of disaster /di zɑ stə/ n katastrofa One hundred and twenty the canal. people died in China‘s worst air disaster. causing damage / kɔ ziŋ d mid / v phr spôsobujúci dresses up / dresiz p/ phr v oblieka sa He dresses škodu The hurricane in Birmingham caused damage to around up as a penguin and hands out leaﬂets in the town centre. 30 houses. durables / djυərəbəlz/ n tovar dlhodobej spotreby celebrate / seləbreit/ v oslavova It‘s Dad‘s birthday The price of consumer durables will rise when the new tax and we‘re going out for a meal to celebrate. comes in. circumstances / s kəmst nsiz, stənsiz/ n okolnosti eating humble pie / i tiŋ h mbəl pai/ phr uzna si chybu In what circumstances did you ﬁrst meet the accused? Sally will have to eat humble pie when she discovers how clean out / kli n aυt/ phr v uprata , vyèisti We‘d better badly she has edited this book. clean out the attic this week. emergency /i m d ənsi/ n pohotovos , stav ohrozenia coastguard / kəυst ɑ d/ n pobrežná stráž Phone Lifeguards are trained to deal with emergencies. the coastguard station at Stornoway and tell them to launch empty gesture / empti d estʃə/ phr prázdne/ the lifeboat. nezmyselné gesto Jack offered to buy us a meal, but it coin /kɔin/ n minca Toss a coin to see who goes ﬁrst. was an empty gesture as we‘d already eaten. combination / kɒmbi neiʃən/ n kombinácia A combination empty space / empti speis/ phr prázdne miesto Now of factors may be responsible for the increase in cancer. it‘s January, there‘s a big empty space where the Christmas tree comforted / k mfətid/ adj upokojený When the police used to be. got there, the victim was being comforted by a neighbour. eventually /i ventʃuəli/ adv nakoniec He eventually community /kə mju nəti/ n spoloènos The new arts escaped and made his way back to England. centre will serve the whole community. explode /ik spləυdz/ v vybuchnú The ﬁrework exploded compensate for / kɒmpənseit fə, fɔ / v vyváži , in his face and he was badly burned. kompenzova The great salaries here compensate to some explosive /ik spləυsiv/ n výbušnina Because the gas is extent for the boring work you have to do. highly explosive, it needs to be kept in high-pressure containers. consumer /kən sju mə/ n zákazník Consumers will soon exposed /ər ik spəυzd/ v odkrytý The plant‘s roots were be paying higher airfares. exposed above the earth in the pot. contain /kən tein/ v obsahova The thieves stole a sack express an opinion /ik spres ən ə pinjən/ v phr vyjadri that contained banknotes. svoj názor My dad doesn‘t like to express an opinion in case contemporary /kən tempərəri, pəri/ adj súèasný There‘s it‘s not what my mother thinks. an exhibition of contemporary Japanese prints at the Tate this week. express horror /ik spres hɒrə/ v phr zhrozi sa My parents content / kɒntents/ n obsah I‘m always amazed at the contents expressed horror at the very thought of having a takeaway meal. of women‘s handbags! express thanks /ik spres θ ŋks/ v phr vyjadri crack smb. up / kr ks jυ p/ phr v rozosmia vïaku The committee would like to express their thanks to niekoho Peter Kay cracked us up when we saw him at Mrs Smith for the wonderful ﬂowers. the theatre last week. fall about laughing / fɔ l əbaυt lɑ fiŋ/ phr vá¾a crisis / kraisis/ n kríza The country now faces an economic sa od smiechu They fell about laughing when I told them crisis. what had happened. critics / kritiks/ n kritici The public loved the ﬁlm, and false teeth / fɔ ls ti θ/ n zubná protéza My granddad millions went to see it, but the critics hated it. keeps his false teeth in a glass in the bathroom. 9 fans /f nz/ n fanúšikovia Fans of ‚Taggart‘ were shocked got stuck / ɒt st k/ v zaseknú sa The heel of her shoe when the star of the series died. got stuck in a crack in the pavement. fatal / feitl/ adj smrte¾ný, fatálny Potentially fatal grim / rim/ adj ne¾útostný, krutý Inhabitants are facing diseases are more easily spread now that people ﬁnd it so up to the grim reality of rebuilding the shattered town. easy to travel the world. hangs up / h ŋz p/ phr v zavesi telefón If you get feature / fi tʃəz/ v uvies v hlavnej roli The story any more calls from that double glazing company, just hang up. of ‚Watership Down‘ features Hazel, Fiver and Bigwig, three has delivered /həz di livəd/ v doruèi The milkman rabbits searching for a new home. hasn‘t delivered any milk this morning. feature / fi tʃə/ n výbava, znak Airbags are a standard has retired from /həz ri taiəd frəm, frɒm/ v odís feature in most new cars. do dôchodku Jack has retired from the Civil Service but feeble / fi bəl/ adj slabý, mdlý His voice sounded feeble he still works freelance for the department. and far away. have gone off /həv ɒn ɒf/ phr v prestal ma rád fire officers / faiər ɒfisəz/ n požiarnik Nearly 50 ﬁre I used to like Tom, but recently I‘ve gone right off him. ofﬁcers were called to the site of the ﬁre, at a factory in Station hero / hiərəυ/ n hrdina He had dared to speak out against Road. injustice, and overnight he became a national hero. foreigners / fɒrənəz/ n cudzinci There are many more hilarious /hi leəriəs/ adj ve¾mi smiešny Fay told foreigners working in this country than there were 20 years a hilarious story about a policeman with very large ears. ago. hit back / hit b k/ phr v opätova kritiku, vráti frozen / frəυzən/ adj zamrznutý, mrazený You can use úder - prenesene The actress hit back at claims that she fresh or frozen ﬁsh in this recipe. had threatened a member of staff. funeral parlour / fju nərəl pɑ lə/ n pohrebníctvo, champion / tʃ mpiən/ adj ví azný Daisy here is our pohrebná služba We can view Nate‘s body at the funeral champion Highland cow. parlour this afternoon. championship / tʃ mpiənʃip/ n šampionát, sú až furious / fjυəriəs/ adj zúrivý Residents in the area are Sonja came ﬁrst in the women‘s ﬁgure skating championship. furious at the decision. childlessness / tʃaildləsnəs/ n bezdetnos The childlessness fussy / f si/ adj nervózny, podráždený Sue was fussy of the marriage was one of the reasons they broke up. about her looks. chip in / tʃip in/ phr v prispie nieèím Other committee gains / einz/ v získa The fact that he‘s in a wheelchair members chipped in with a few pounds to buy a new dartboard. gains him some deserved sympathy. chuckle / tʃ kəl/ v kváka , pochechtáva sa What genre / ɒnrə/ n žáner Tarantino can be said to have are you chuckling about? invented a new genre of ﬁlm-making. ignore /i nɔ z/ v ignorova , nevšíma si When Daisy get a move on / et ə mu v ɒn/ v phr pohni sa Get a move pulls the dog‘s tail, he just ignores it and shuts his eyes. on, we‘re already 20 minutes late! imitating / iməteitiŋ/ n napodobòovanie She‘s made get back / et b k/ phr v vráti sa I‘ll talk to you when I get a living out of imitating famous people on television. back from the shops. impressive /im presiv/ adj pôsobivý, úchvatný Among get off / ets ɒf/ phr v vystúpi Harry got off the train the guests was an impressive array of authors and critics. while it was still moving. in her prime /in hə praim/ prep phr v najlepšej get on /həz ɒt ɒn/ phr v vychádza dobre s.. Don forme, na vrchole Most athletes are in their prime at has got on well in the company, and is now a director. around the age of 28. get out of / ets aυt əv, ɒv/ phr v dosta sa z ... His inborn / in bɔ n/ adj vrodený Mammals have an inborn charm often gets him out of trouble in awkward situations. fear of snakes. get the feeling / et ðə fi liŋ/ v phr ma pocit I get incontrovertible /in kɒntrə v təbəl/ adj nevyvrátite¾ný the feeling I‘m not wanted here – I think they‘re trying to get CCTV provided incontrovertible evidence that he was at the scene rid of me. of the crime. gets into trouble / ets intə tr bəl/ v phr dosta sa influenced / influənst/ v ovplyvnený The writing is greatly do problémov She often gets into trouble because people inﬂuenced by the style of Jane Austen. think she‘s making fun of them. insane /in sein/ adj šialený That‘s an insane risk that you giggle / i əl/ v chichota sa If you can‘t stop giggling don‘t need to take. you‘ll have to leave the room. instructions /in str kʃənz/ n inštrukcie Read the instructions go off / əυ ɒf/ phr v odís John decided to go off on his carefully before you open the packet. own. intention /in tenʃən/ n zámer, plán I have no intention goes in for / əυz in fə, fɔ / phr v zúèastni sa, podstúpi of retiring just yet. test He‘s a good photographer, and often goes in for competitions ironic /ai rɒnik/ adj ironický Your car was stolen at the police in magazines. station! How ironic! 10 is on /iz ɒn/ phr v by na programe NYPD Blue‘ is on narrator /nə reitə/ n rozprávaè Mike was both the central at 10 o‘clock tonight. character in the book and the narrator of the story. is packed /iz p kt/ v by preplnený The 5.40 train to nasty / nɑ sti/ adj odporný, protivný He has a nasty temper Reading is always packed on weekdays. and I avoid him as much as possible. knocked her over / nɒkt hər əυvə/ phr v nabúra autom, nationalities / n ʃə n lətiz/ n národnosti Between zhodi niekoho na zem The car went up on the pavement the 16 people in the group, I counted eight different nationalities. and knocked her over. nervously / n vəsli/ adv nervózne Peter waited nervously know-all / nəυ ɔ l/ n vševed She‘s a bit of a know-all for the results of the tests. – always has the answer to every question. novel / nɒvəl/ n román, novela I‘m reading a novel by lack /l k/ n nedostatok New parents often suffer from Jane Austen entitled ‚Emma‘. lack of sleep during the ﬁrst few months. occasion /ə kei ən/ n príležitos What‘s the occasion?‘ laughter / lɑ ftə/ n smiech Foster joined in the laughter ‚It‘s our anniversary.‘ even though the joke was about him. oil /ɔil/ n olej Check the oil level in your car every week. let down / let daυn/ adj sklamaný Henry felt very let down on thin ice /ɒn θin ais/ prep phr by na tenkom ¾ade at the complete lack of support for his proposal. Be very careful what you say, young man – you‘re on thin ice lieutenant /lef tenənt/ n nadporuèík The lieutenant led with me already. his men back to the safety of the camp. originally /ə rid inəli/ adv pôvodne The family originally lip /lip/ n pera His bottom lip was swollen where Dave had came from France, but now live in Germany. hit him. out to grass / aυt tə rɑ s/ prep phr prepusti niekoho listen to reason / lisən tə ri zən/ phr da si poveda kvôli veku He was only 58 when the company put him out to grass. Fred will do whatever he wants – I can‘t get him to calm down pale /peil/ adj bledý He looked very pale and drawn. and listen to reason. panic / p niks/ v spanikári When she saw the teacher long-time partner / lɒŋ taim pɑ tnə/ n dlhoroèný coming, she panicked and threw her cigarette away. partner My long-term partner and I are getting married next paradox / p rədɒks/ n paradox It‘s a paradox that in such month. a rich country there can be so much poverty. look for / lυkiŋ fə, fɔ / phr v h¾ada What are you passport / pɑ spɔ t/ n pas She was born in New York and looking for?‘ ‚An old book that I bought years ago.‘ has an American passport. make you laugh / meik jυ lɑ f v phr rozosmieva pensioner / penʃənə/ n penzista, dôchodca When He‘s good at making me laugh when I‘m feeling depressed. you‘re 65 you‘ll be able to get a bus pass for old age pensioners. makes out / meiks aυt/ phr v predstiera , vyhlasova physical / fizikəl/ adj fyzický She was in constant nieèo, èo nie je pravda Dad makes out that he‘s physical pain. constantly being told what to do by Mum. pint /paints/ n pinta Can I have two pints of bitter and a packet makes up / meiks p/ phr v vymýš¾a si Granddad of crisps, please? makes up stories to tell the kids when they go to bed at night. plot /plɒt/ n tajný plán The police uncovered a plot to bomb manual / m njuəl/ n návod na použitie, manuál the UN headquarters. Consult the computer manual if you have a problem. pool /pu l/ n guleèník Do you prefer pool or billiards?‘ ‚I like misery / mizəri/ n úbohos , bieda What we are witnessing snooker best.‘ here is human misery on a vast scale. pot /pɒt/ v trafi - gu¾u v biliarde If you pot the black mishaps / mish ps/ n malá nehoda We had a few you get seven points. mishaps while you were out – I‘m afraid we broke all the plates! power saw / paυə sɔ / n elektrická píla It‘s so much mislead / mis li dz/ v oklama , zavies Talking about easier cutting this wood with a power saw instead of my old the accused‘s past record misleads the jury into thinking he hand saw! must be guilty. proof /pru f/ n dôkaz Absolute proof of the existence of life misunderstand / mis ndə st ndz/ v nesprávne on other planets may be difﬁcult to obtain. pochopi They often misunderstand me because of my pub /p b/ n krèma Do you fancy going to the pub for a pint? heavy Scottish accent. published / p bliʃt/ v vyda , vytlaèi Chatto & Windus monotony /mə nɒtəni/ n monotónnos She wanted to published his works in the late 1960s. escape the monotony of her everyday life. pulling somebody‘s leg / pυliŋ s mbədiz le / phr moral / mɒrəl/ n mravné ponauèenie The moral of na ahova niekoho, robi si žarty I wasn‘t serious, the story is that you should never forget who your friends are. I was only pulling your leg. move in / mu v in/ phr v pris ahova sa When are you put on /pυt ɒn/ phr v obliec si He took off his uniform and put moving in with your new ﬂatmates? on a sweater and trousers. nap /n p/ n zdriemnutie I usually take a short nap after put on / pυts ɒn/ phr nasadi Tim puts on a silly voice when lunch. he‘s embarrassed. 11 rain heavily / rein hevəli/ v phr lia ako z krhly It rained self-pity / self piti/ n seba¾útos There was an annoying heavily all day Sunday, so I stayed in. note of self-pity in her voice, but it‘s all her own fault. raise the question / reiziz/ v nastoli otázku His reply sense of humour / sens əv hju mə/ phr zmysel pre raised the question of whether someone else committed the crime. humor She has a great sense of humour, but she doesn’t like rebellion /ri beljən/ n povstanie There was an armed jokes against herself. rebellion in the country in 1974. shell /ʃel/ n granát Occasionally, people still ﬁnd unexploded rebellious /ri beljəs/ adj rebelantský Kevin and Perry were shells that fell during World War Two. two rebellious teenagers invented by comedian Harry Enﬁeld. silly / sili/ adj hlúpy Stop asking silly questions. rebels /ri belz/ v búri sa, vzpiera sa Most teenagers situational comedy / sitʃueiʃənəl kɒmədi/ n situaèná rebel against their parents at one time or another. komédia Situational comedy is often set in a ‚normal‘ time and recommendation / rekəmen deiʃən/ n odporúèanie place but with slightly odd characters. We will review the case and make a recommendation to sketche / sketʃiz/ n skeè The programme is a series of short the client. comical sketches. record shop / rekɔ d ʃɒp/ n hudobný obchod I don‘t slapstick comedy / sl pstik kɒmədi/ n komédia plná go to the record shop any more, I just download tracks off pádov, hádzania vecí do seba... Slapstick comedy the internet. usually involves people getting covered in custard or falling on reference / refərəns/ n spojitos , odkaz There is no their faces. direct reference to her own childhood in the novel. sleep heavily / sli p hevəli/ v phr tvrdo spa George regions / ri d ənz/ n oblasti, regióny The temperature slept heavily and didn‘t hear the postman knocking on the door. in London is often much higher than it is in the regions. slice /slais/ n krajec The sandwich was invented when re-issued v znova vydané, publikované Her books someone put some meat between two slices of bread. have been re-issued in new paperback editions with new social life / səυʃəl laif/ n spoloèenský život He lives covers. with his mum and stays in a lot – he doesn‘t have much of relevant / reləvənt/ adj závažný, významný Relevant a social life. documents were presented in court. somebody‘s heart sinks / hɑ t siŋks/ phr strati relieved /iz ri li vd/ adj. upokojený Kay was relieved to odvahu, ma srdce v nohaviciach My heart sank see that her daughter had escaped unhurt. when I walked into the room and saw the police were there. replay / ri plei/ n odveta Milan won the semi-ﬁnal replay something was wrong / s mθiŋ wəz rɒŋ/ phr nieèo 3–0. nebolo v poriadku Ted knew something was wrong rescue / reskju d/ v zachráni That man just jumped when Sheila didn‘t answer the doorbell. into the frozen lake and rescued the drowning boy. sophisticated /sə fistikeitid/ adj kultivovaný, responsibility /ri spɒnsə biləti/ n zodpovednos intelektuálne na úrovni He plays a sophisticated, witty Kelly‘s promotion means more money and more responsibility. American; however, he still can‘t talk to women. review /ri vju / n recenzia She sent us her review of the ﬁlm, steak and kidney pie / steik ən kidni pai/ n jedlo - which was less than ﬂattering. zmes mäsa, zeleniny, múky We have steak and kidney risky / riski/ adj riskantné Doctors say it‘s too risky to try pie, chicken and mushroom pie, and cheese and onion pie today. and operate. strike /straik/ v udrie She fell heavily, striking her head rubbish / r biʃ/ n odpad, nezmysly There‘s so much against the side of the boat. rubbish on TV tonight, I think I‘ll go to bed early. successful /sək sesfəl/ adj úspešný The operation was runaway / r nəwei/ adj odpojený A runaway lorry with successful – Betty can go home the day after tomorrow. faulty brakes ran into the front of the shop. summary / s məri/ n struèný obsah A brief summary sank /s ŋk/ v ponori sa, prepadnú sa I opened the oven is given on a separate sheet. door and the cake sank in the middle. sunburnt / s nb nt/ adj spálený od slnka Jackie got sarcastic /sɑ k stik/ adj sarkastický Was she being very sunburnt after lying out in the garden for three hours. sarcastic or did she mean what she said? surgery / s d əri/ n ordinácia The doctor‘s surgery was scared stiff / skeəd stif/ v phr na smr vystrašený I‘m crowded, and all the waiting patients seemed to have the ﬂu. scared stiff of heights – I don‘t want to go near the edge. sympathy / simpəθi/ n sympatie I have a lot of sympathy screwdriver / skru draivə/ n skrutkovaè Have you got for her; she had to bring up the children on her own. a screwdriver? I need to undo these screws and take tamer / teimə/ n krotite¾ The lion tamer cracked his whip the cover off. and the lion jumped through the ﬂaming hoop. screws /skru z/ n skrutka The cover is held on by four screws, tap /ə teipiŋ/ v odpoèúva I‘m watching ‚Commander in one at each corner. Chief‘ and taping ‚Ugly Betty‘. scriptwriter / skript raitə/ n scenárista Mary dreamed taxi cabs / t ksi k bz/ n typický taxík You have to of being a scriptwriter and making ﬁlms in Hollywood. give a good reason for claiming taxi cabs on your expenses. 12 telling a joke / teliŋ ə d əυk/ phr rozpráva vtipy He was coughing /wəz kɒfiŋ/ v kašlal The old man was was telling a joke, and it must have been about me because he coughing hard, and didn‘t seem to be able to stop. stopped when he saw me. was feeling down /wəz fi liŋ daυn/ phr v ma depresiu telly / teli/ n televízor Is there anything good on telly Ken was feeling down, so we took him out for a meal to cheer tonight? him up. the bomb is ‚live‘ /ðə bɒm iz laiv/ phr bomba je was fired /wəz faiəd/ v bol vyhodený z práce John was aktívna The army has been called in to find out whether ﬁred because they caught him stealing money from the company. the bomb is ‚live‘ or harmless. washing-up liquid / wɒʃiŋ p likwid/ n prostriedok throw out / θrəυ aυt/ phr v vyhodi We usually throw out na umývanie riadu Will you get some more washing-up all our old magazines. liquid when you go to the supermarket? tick /tik/ v tika The old clock ticked noisily above wave at /wə weiviŋ ət, t/ v máva na They were still the mantelpiece. waving at the train long after it had left the station. to be prone to something /tə bi prəυn tə s mθiŋ/ weakness / wi knəs/ n slabina The legislation has phr by náchylný na.. Sadie has always been prone to a fundamental weakness and must be re-written. catching colds if there‘s one going around. were swollen /wə swəυlən/ v boli opuchnuté Her eyes to buck someone up /tə b k s mw n p/ phr v were swollen and she looked as if she‘d been crying for a long naštartova A holiday in the sun always bucks me up in time. the middle of winter. wheel /wi l/ n volant Gary grabbed the wheel and steered to do someone good /tə du s mw n υd/ phr the car away from the oncoming lorry. urobi dobre, pomôc It‘ll do you good to have a cry wine tasting / wain teistiŋ/ n ochutnávka vína John instead of bottling everything up inside you. and Katy are holding a wine tasting on Thursday evening. to give someone a hard time /tə iv s mw n ə wire /waiə/ n drôt Copper wire is being replaced by ﬁbre hɑ d taim/ phr znepríjemni život He gave me a really optics fro carrying data signals. hard time about losing his watch, but it wasn‘t even my fault! witty / witi/ adj vtipný He thinks of them as witty remarks, to take somebody‘s mind off things /tə teik s mbədiz but I regard them as insults. maind ɒf θiŋz/ phr pomôc myslie na nieèo iné Try and wonder / w ndə/ v zaujíma sa, chcie vedie I wonder take his mind off his problems by taking him to the cinema tonight. how James is getting on. to talk sense /tə tɔ k sens/ phr hovori rozumne, worth reading / w θ ri diŋ/ phr stá za preèítanie zmysluplne She‘s still in shock after the accident, and she‘s It‘s worth reading the passage carefully to understand exactly not talking sense. what the author means. to walk out on somebody /tə wɔ k aυt ɒn s mbədi/ yell at / jelz ət, t/ v vrieska na.. He comes home and phr v necha niekoho v štichu His wife said she didn‘t love yells at the dog if he‘s had a bad day. him any more and walked out on him after 20 years of marriage. youth /ju θ/ n mladík Several youths were arrested for tool /tu l/ n nástroj I don‘t have the right tools to start throwing stones at the police. ﬁddling around with the engine. torn /wəz tɔ n/ v roztrhaný This page is torn, so I can‘t see what was on the missing part. REVIEW treat /tri t/ n zábava, rados , pohostenie Steven affection /ə fekʃən/ n náklonnos Bart had a deep affection took his son to a cricket match as a birthday treat. for the old man. turns you off / t nz jυ ɒf/ phr v odradi The feel of affectionate /ə fekʃənət/ adj milujúci, láskavý Jo is the material turns me right off wearing that jacket. very affectionate towards her daughters. unforgivable / nfə ivəbəl/ adj neodpustite¾né avoid /ə vɔid/ v vyhnú sa, predís Road safety is Patrick had deceived her, and that was unforgivable. taught to young children to avoid road accidents. values / v lju z/ n hodnoty Aesop‘s Fables embodied break into /wə breikiŋ intə, intυ/ phr v vláma sa the values of the time in which they were written. Thieves broke in and stole a valuable painting from the gallery. viewers / vju əz/ n diváci The latest episode of Doctor colleagues / kɒli z/ n kolegovia He tries to keep his Who on TV attracted millions of viewers. colleagues away from his personal friends, and vice versa. viewing figures / vju iŋ fi əz/ n sledovanos Viewing convention /kən venʃən/ n konvencia Convention ﬁgures for the programme are down, and it looks like the next used to mean that a man would always hold a door open for series will be cancelled. a woman. visual / vi uəl/ adj zrakový, vizuálny Artists translate deliberate /di libərət/ adj zámerný Why did you have to their ideas into visual images. make a deliberate attempt to humiliate her? voices / vɔisiz/ n hlasy Rory Bremner, the impressionist, is democracy /di mɒkrəsi/ n demokracia The country a man of many voices. has seen a return to democracy after 16 years of military rule. 13 embarrassment /im b rəsmənt/ n zahanbenie, dialects / daiəlekts/ n dialekt, náreèie There are many rozpaky She suffered extreme embarrassment at not knowing dialects of English, so even some British people have difﬁculty how to read. understanding some of them. entertainment / entə teinmənt/ n zábava The town empire / empaiə/ n ríša The Roman empire at one time provides a wide choice of entertainment. included England. enthusiastic /in θju zi stik/ adj nadšený All the staff impact / imp kt/ n vplyv We need to assess the impact of are enthusiastic about the project. private motoring on climate change. former / fɔ mə/ adj bývalý The former Soviet Union broke invasion /in vei ən/ n invázia, vpád The invasion of up into a number of separate republics. Normandy cost many lives on both sides. genius / d i niəs/ n genialita This magniﬁcent ﬁlm printing press / printiŋ pres/ n tlaèiarenský stroj reveals Fellini‘s genius. This huge printing press will print in six colours at once. imaginative /i m d inətiv/ adj kreatívny There are some pronunciation /prə n nsi eiʃən/ n výslovnos Do you very imaginative uses of computer technology in education. know the correct pronunciation of these Gaelic names? imitations / imə teiʃənz/ n napodobòovanie She does raid /reidz/ n nájazd The Scots made many raids across good imitations of several of her colleagues. the border to steal cattle from the English. installed /in stɔ ld/ v inštalova Have you installed the new ruling class / ru liŋ klɑ siz/ n vládnuca trieda Now version of MS Ofﬁce on your PC? he‘s been made a Lord, I suppose you could say he‘s part of institution / insti tju ʃən/ n inštitúcia Dawn works as the ruling classes. an adviser to the Government and other political institutions. simplified / simplifaid/ v zjednodušený Hiragana is a set predict /pri dikt/ v predpoveda Sales were ﬁve percent of simpliﬁed Chinese characters used in writing Japanese. lower than analysts had predicted. was standardised /wəz st ndədaizd/ v bola pull funny faces / pυl f ni feisiz/ v phr robi opièky štandardizovaná Written English was not standardised Bill pressed his nose to the window and pulled funny faces at in the time of Chaucer. the people inside. resembles /ri zembəlz/ v pripomína The baby closely resembles his father. MODULE 3 Style reserve /ri z v/ n odstup, rezervovanos His natural absent-minded / bsənt maindid/ adj roztržitý reserve makes it hard for him to say what he thinks. Granddad‘s been getting rather absent-minded and forgetful lately. rubbery / r bəri/ adj elastický, gumovitý That woman acknowledge /ək nɒlid iz/ v uzna , oceni His book must have really rubbery legs, to be able to ﬁt into that tiny box! acknowledged his debt to the work of other scholars. sense /sens/ n pocit Afterwards I felt a great sense of relief. advertising billboards / dvətaiziŋ bilbɔ d/ n reklamné sentiment / sentimənt/ n sentiment Similar sentiments plagáty, bilboardy There were huge advertising billboards were expressed by many politicians. all along the road into Las Vegas. slippery / slipəri/ adj šmyk¾avý In places, the path can aggressive /ə resiv/ adj agresívny Jim‘s voice became be wet and slippery after it rains. more aggressive as his anger increased. splashed /spl ʃt/ v ostrieka , ošpliecha When the whale antisocial / nti səυʃəl/ adj nespoloèenský She was crashed back into the water, it splashed everybody in the front ﬁnding it hard to cope with her son‘s increasingly antisocial six rows. behaviour. temperature / temprətʃə/ n teplota The temperature of appeal /ə pi l/ n žiados , výzva The police have issued the water was just right for swimming. a new appeal for information. term /t m/ n semester The new school term begins on appreciate /ər ə priəʃieitiŋ/ v váži si More and more 2 September. people are appreciating the way the organisation can help virus / vaiərəs/ n vírus Somebody sent me a virus that them. destroyed all the information on my hard disk. architecture / ɑ kitektʃə/ n architektúra The architecture of Venice is one of its chief attractions to tourists. CULTURE CORNER baseball caps / beisbɔ l k ps/ n baseballová èiapka Most of the fans wore baseball caps with their team‘s academy /ə k dəmi/ n akadémia She was presented logo on the front. with an award by the American Academy of Arts and Letters. be cluttered with /iz kl təd wið, wiθ/ v by zaprataný cockney / kɒkni/ adj cockney - náreèie She comes The front garden was cluttered with the remains of several rusted cars. from the east end of London, and has a broad cockney be getting on /iz etiŋ ɒn/ phr v starnú Sam is getting accent. on, you know – he will be 80 next year. court /kɔ t/ n súdna sieò A crowd of reporters had gathered beauty salon / bju ti s lɒn/ n salón krásy Farah has outside the court. opened a beauty salon offering skin, hair and nail treatments. 14 benefit from / benəfit frəm, frɒm/ v aži z.., ma designer labels /di zainə leibəlz/ n ve¾mi drahé výhody Modern students beneﬁt greatly from being able to znaèkové obleèenie Only clothes from designer labels use the internet for research. are good enough for Steve. body piercing / bɒdi piəsiŋ/ n piercing There are several diseases /di zi ziz/ n choroby It‘s frightening how many shops offering body piercing services down near the market. diseases you can catch just by going into hospital as a patient! brand /br ndz/ n znaèka výrobku Some brands of computer disinfected / disin fektid/ v dezinfikovaný All disk are more reliable than others. the instruments have to be disinfected between one patient branded / br ndid/ adj znaèkový I only by branded foods and the next. – I won‘t buy the supermarket‘s own-brand, cheap stuff. display /di spleiz/ v vystavova The gallery displays works busker / b skəz/ n poulièný spevák The busker who by local artists. plays to the queue outside the theatre is very good. drama groups / drɑ mə ru ps/ n divadelný zbor catwalk / k twɔ k/ n predvádzacie mólo She‘s so I joined various drama groups over the years, but I decided I wasn‘t thin she could get a job as a catwalk model. a very good actor. classy / klɑ si/ adj nóbl, elegantný I can‘t afford the prices dyed /daid/ adj nafarbený, prefarbený /vlasy/ He they charge in classy restaurants. went mad when his daughter had her hair dyed bright green. clown /klaυnz/ n klaun The children like going to the circus ear-piercing guns / iə piəsiŋ nz/ n pišto¾ na because the clowns make them laugh. prepichovanie uší Cheap ear-piercing guns are sometimes clutter free / kl tə fri / adj uprataný, èistý Your desk used by people offering a quick service. must be clutter free at the end of every day, with everything elegant / eli ənt/ adj elegantný A tall, elegant young put away neatly. woman strode conﬁdently over to our table. comes across as / k mz ə krɒs əz, z/ phr v javi equipment /i kwipmənt/ n zariadenie We went into sa, prejavova sa Ted comes across as a shy person, but a shop selling camping equipment to buy a tent. he‘s very entertaining when you get to know him. essential /i senʃəl/ adj podstatný, základný A good diet comfy / k mfi/ adj pohodlný I can‘t wait to sit down in a comfy is essential for everyone who wants to live a long and healthy life. chair after walking around all day! extensively /ik stensivli/ adv rozsiahlo The house has conventional /kən venʃənəl/ adj zastaralý, konvenèný been extensively rebuilt after the damage caused by the storm. Internet connections through conventional phone lines are fairly eyebrows / aibraυz/ n oboèie She trims her eyebrows so slow. they look as if they‘re drawn on with a pencil. cool /ku l/ adj studený She swam out into the cool water eyesore / aisɔ / n hrozný poh¾ad That rundown, of the lake. abandoned factory is an eyesore. cosmetics /kɒz metiks/ n kozmetika A range of fad /f d/ n mánia Interest in organic food is not a fad, it‘s cosmetics and toiletries is available at the beauty counter. here to stay. cosy / kəυzi/ adj útulný The living room was warm and cosy. fair-sized / feə saizd/ adj dos priestranný There‘s couch /kaυtʃ/ n vá¾anda Tom offered to sleep on the couch a fair-sized garden at the back of the house, but no garage. while Sue took the bedroom. fashionable / f ʃənəbəl/ adj moderný Strong colours craze /kreiz/ n bláznenie, mánia She started a craze are very fashionable at the moment. for this type of jewellery. fine /fainz/ n pokuta His unpaid parking fines come to dated / deitid/ adj starý, staromódny That dress looks a total of over £200. a bit dated now – it was in fashion in the 1980s. fireworks / faiəw ks/ n ohòostroj There will be a big decay /di kei/ n rozpad Old cars in various stages of decay ﬁreworks display on the Thames to celebrate the New Year. littered the streets. flit /flits/ v prelietava Kim ﬂits from one job to another, define /di fain/ v definova Clothes don‘t deﬁne who you and never concentrates on anything for very long. are – it‘s what‘s inside that counts. folk /fəυk/ n folk - hudobný štýl I used to like folk in degree /di ri / n diplom Paul got a degree in Chemistry the 1960s and 1970s, but I prefer classical music now. from Cambridge University. (get) fed up / fed p/ phr v ma plné zuby I‘m fed up demonstrate / demənstreit/ v demonštrova of sitting here studying. Let‘s go out and get a pizza. The study demonstrates the link between poverty and (get) in touch /in t tʃ/ prep phr spoji sa s, malnutrition. skontaktova sa Whenever our son gets in touch it depressed /di prest/ adj zbedaèený, postihnutý usually means he needs some money. krízou The whole area is depressed, with more than 40% of get beyond / et bi jɒnd/ phr v dosta sa cez, za the people out of work. I couldn‘t get beyond the strange language of the story to designer clothes /di zainə kləυðz, kləυz/ n understand what the author was trying to say. znaèkové obleèenie Tom is willing to pay a fortune for get on well / et ɒn wel/ phr v vychádza s... Do you the most fashionable designer clothes. get on well with your wife‘s parents? 15 ghetto / etəυ/ n geto Jews were forced to live in a ghetto massive / m siv/ adj masívny The bell is massive, in a small area of the city. weighing over 40 tons. global / ləυbəl/ adj globálny Global climate change is menacing / menəsiŋ/ adj hrozivý Dark, menacing clouds becoming a very urgent problem for us all. gave warning of a storm coming in from the west. go for / əυ fə, fɔ / phr v ma zá¾ubu Sally goes for men merchandise / m tʃəndaiz, dais/ n tovar A range of with nice cars and big wallets. ofﬁcial Disney merchandise was on sale. graffiti / r fi ti/ n graffiti The walls next to the railway messy / mesi/ adj neuprataný, rozhádzaný A messy track are covered with grafﬁti. room is a sign of a disorganised person. graffiti-inspired / r fi ti in spaiəd/ adj inšpirovaný move house / mu vd haυs/ v phr pres ahova sa grafitmi Her T-shirts carry grafﬁti-inspired designs. We last moved house in 1996, when we came to live here. guardian / ɑ diən/ n poruèník, strážca His aunt multinationals / m lti n ʃənəlz/ n mnohonárodnostné became his legal guardian after his parents died in a car crash. spoloènosti Many of the country‘s industries have been taken hairstyle / heəstail/ n úèes Do you like my new hairstyle? over by giant multinationals. have a lot in common /həv ə lɒt in kɒmən/ phr ma music charts / mju zik tʃɑ ts/ n hudobný rebríèek ve¾a spoloèného We got talking and found we had a lot The group‘s record is quickly making its way up the US music in common. charts. haven‘t got a clue / h vənt ɒt ə klu / phr nema musicians /mju ziʃənz/ n hudobníci All the musicians potuchy Do you know where James Street is?‘ ‚Sorry, I haven‘t in the orchestra are good soloists in their own right. got a clue.‘ nails /neilz/ n nechty At my hairdresser‘s they will also do hepatitis / hepə taitis/ n žltaèka Kay caught hepatitis your nails for a few pounds extra. when she was backpacking in the Far East. navel / neivəl/ n pupok The belly-dancer was wearing household / haυshəυld/ n domácnos A growing number a bright red jewel in her navel. of households have at least one computer. needle / ni dl/ n ihla Give me a needle and thread, and I‘ll chic /ʃi k/ adj šik, štýlový Margaret was looking very chic sew up the tear in your jacket. in blue. neighbourhoods / neibəhυdz/ n susedstvo, okolie ideal / ai diəl/ adj ideálny We will give you advice on how Most of the neighbourhoods around here have good schools to reach your ideal weight. and excellent housing. illegal /i li əl/ adj nelegálny You can go to prison for numerous / nju mərəs/ adj poèetný Numerous attempts being in possession of illegal drugs. have been made over the years to hide the truth. independence / indi pendəns/ n nezávislos Nigeria old-fashioned / əυld f ʃənd/ adj staromódny She gained independence from Britain in 1960. wears really old-fashioned, outdated clothes! independent / indi pendənt/ adj nezávislý There are plans on the edge of /ɒn ði ed əv/ prep phr hrana The cat was to split the corporation into a number of smaller independent standing on the edge of the chair, ready to jump onto the table companies. where the food was. insist on /in sist ɒn/ v trva na Jill insisted on having a seat open fireplace / əυpən faiəpleis/ n krb Phil loves by the window. an open ﬁreplace, with logs crackling away and the ﬂames instruments / instrəmənts/ n hudobný nástroj Many dancing. members of the orchestra play two or more instruments. open-air concerts / əυpən eə kɒnsəts/ n koncert vonku laid-back / leid b k/ adj k¾udný I don‘t know how you can There is a series of open-air concerts in the park every month be so laid-back about your exams. during the summer. leaflet / li flit/ n leták The doctor gave me a leaﬂet on skin pavement artists / peivmənt ɑ tists/ n poulièní umelci cancer and told me to stay out of the sun. Some of the pavement artists in Cologne were very good and lectures / lektʃəz/ n hodina vyuèovacia I have two attracted large crowds. lectures this afternoon, but nothing after 4 o‘clock. pierced /piəst/ adj prepichnutý Many women, and live statues‘ / laiv st tʃu z/ n živé sochy There were some men, have pierced ears so that they can wear earrings. a few buskers in the square, and one or two people being ‚live pleasure-seeking / ple ə si kiŋ/ adj rados a zábavu statues‘. h¾adajúci Las Vegas attracts a certain kind of pleasure- logos / ləυ əυz/ n logo You‘ll ﬁnd the logos of companies seeking tourist. like Coke and Levis in most countries you visit. policies / pɒləsiz/ n politika Company policies prevent make a point / meik ə pɔint/ v phr poukáza na She staff talking to the press. chained herself to the railings to make a point about how women popularity / pɒpjə l rəti/ n ob¾úbenos , popularita are treated in society. The popularity of the Internet has soared. make it / meik it/ phr v dosiahnu , dotiahnu to ... promotion /prə məυʃən/ n postup, povýšenie I want When I‘ve earned my ﬁrst million, I‘ll know I‘ve made it to the top. a job with good prospects for promotion. 16 property / prɒpəti/ n majetok The hotel is not responsible spacious / speiʃəs/ adj priestranný The house has a spacious for any loss or damage to guests‘ personal property. living area which could be divided up into more than one room. protest / prəυtest/ n protest Many students were injured spoil / spɔiliŋ/ v pokazi , znièi Can‘t you enjoy yourself during protests against the Vietnam war. without spoiling the day for everybody else? punishable / p niʃəbəl/ adj trestný, postihnute¾ný spread /wəz spred/ v rozšíri The record‘s success Driving at more than the speed limit is an offence that is punishable was spread by being played by several music stations on by a ﬁne. the radio. pursue /pə sju iŋ/ v venova sa Kelly has decided on statues / st tʃu z/ n sochy The statues in the plaza pursuing a career in journalism. looked very neglected and needed cleaning. qualified / kwɒlifaid/ adj kvalifikovaný Dawn is well status / steitəs/ n postavenie, uznanie These qualiﬁed for her new role as a company director. documents have no legal status in Britain. receptive /ri septiv/ adj prijate¾ný You might ﬁnd them storage room / stɔ rid ru m, rυm/ n odkladacia in a more receptive mood tomorrow. miestnos The hotel has a storage room where you can reflect /ri flekt/ v odráža sa She could see her face put your cases until you leave for the airport. reﬂected in the car‘s windshield. stove /stəυv/ n sporák There was a pot of soup simmering refuge / refju d / n útoèisko During the frequent air-raids, on the stove and a delicious smell from the oven. people took refuge in their cellars. stylish / stailiʃ/ adj štýlový Vera was a stylish woman in relatively / relətivli/ adv relatívne The system is relatively her forties. easy to use – even my four-year-old can manage it. subway trains / s bwei treinz/ n metro Have you ever renovate / renəveitid/ v rekonštruova , renovova travelled on the subway trains in New York City? Gordon bought an old, neglected house and completely suit /su ts, sju ts/ v sedie niekomu, pasova That renovated it. shirt really suits you – it goes with your eyes. respectable /ri spektəbəl/ adj rešpektovaný My parents suntan lotion / s nt n ləυʃən/ n opa¾ovací krém were hard-working, respectable people all their lives. The children must put on suntan lotion every day before they run-down / r n daυn/ adj zrúcaný, vo ve¾mi zlom stave go out on the beach. The church is situated in a run-down inner-city area. surrealist /sə riəlist/ adj surrealista Dali was a painter rural / rυərəl/ adj vidiecky The house has a rural setting, in the surrealist movement. and is surrounded by ﬁelds and open country. survival /sə vaivəl/ n prežitie Illegal hunting is threatening salaries / s ləriz/ n mzdy, platy Salaries have risen the survival of the species. faster than inﬂation. tacky / t ki/ adj nemoderný, lacno efektný The old salon / s lɒn/ n salón Most of the salons do either body couple‘s mantelpiece was covered in tacky ornaments. piercing or tattooing, but not both. takes after / teiks ɑ ftə/ phr v podoba sa Jim takes scatty / sk ti/ adj bláznivý, praštený I can‘t stand people after his father – neither of them like crowds of people. who are scatty and disorganised. tasteless / teistləs/ adj nechutný That was a tasteless scrawl /skrɔ ld/ adj naèmára There was a message remark to make in front of someone whose wife has just died! scrawled on a scrap of paper. tattooed /tə tu d, t tu d/ adj potetovaný Dave wears sculptures / sk lptʃəz/ n sochy, súsošia The sculptures a T-shirt with no sleeves so that you can see his tattooed arms. at Bretton Park include one or two by Henry Moore and Barbara tends to / tendz tə, tυ/ v ma sklon k.. She tends to Hepworth. get angry if you don‘t agree with her. seek to / si kiŋ tə, tυ/ v usilova sa People are buying threatening / θretniŋ/ adj hrozivý His voice sounded the new ﬂats before they are even built, seeking to make a living angry and threatening. in a few years‘ time. tongue /t ŋ/ n jazyk Joe ran his tongue over his dry lips. shave /ʃeivd/ v oholi He shaved his head as a bet to raise treat /ə tri tid/ v zaobchádza We are always treated money for charity. as valuable customers whenever we go to Kato‘s restaurant. show off / ʃəυiŋ ɒf/ phr v predvádza Jake was showing trends /trendz/ n trendy Reading this magazine will help off his new diamond ear stud this morning. you keep up with the latest fashion trends. slim /slim/ adj chudý A slim young woman came in and trendy / trendi/ adj trendový, moderný He owns a couple asked if we had any size 8 dresses. of a trendy King‘s Road restaurants where all the stars eat. slogan / sləυ ənz/ n slogan The protesters marched unconventional / nkən venʃənəl/ adj nekonvenèný through London chanting slogans and singing. Unconventional political views were not tolerated in the former smart /smɑ t/ adj upravený, nahodený You‘re looking Soviet Union. very smart today in your new suit! unfashionable / n f ʃənəbəl/ adj nemoderný, lacno space /speis/ n vesmír Space travel was every young efektný You can‘t wear unfashionable clothes if you work at boy‘s dream in the 1960s. a fashion magazine. 17 unsightly / n saitli/ adj škaredý na poh¾ad Prince award /ə wɔ did/ v udeli My dad was awarded the Military Charles has made several speeches protesting about Cross in the First World War. unsightly buildings. bands /b ndz/ n skupina He‘s been in a few bands, the most up-to-date / p tə deit/ adj najnovšie, aktuálne successful being the Rolling Stones. They have access to up-to-date information through a computer base /beis/ v usadi sa The paper had intended to base database. itself in London. urban / bən/ adj zastavaný Unemployment in urban be criticised /bi kritisaizd/ v by kritizovaný The police areas is much worse than it is in the countryside. were criticised for their poor handling of the inquiry. vain /vein/ adj samo¾úby Men can be just as vain as women. be suspended /bi sə spendid/ v visutý The tightrope walker vandal / v ndəlz/ n vandal Vandals have destroyed made his way across a rope suspended above the audience. the bus shelter. bee in her bonnet / bi in hə bɒnət/ phr omie¾a nieèo varnished / vɑ niʃt/ adj nalakovaný She held out her kolom dokola She‘s got a bee in her bonnet about bus drivers, hands, displaying nails that were varnished bright red. and is always complaining about them. wallpaper / wɔ l peipə/ n tapeta I haven‘t ﬁnished being appreciated / bi iŋ ə pri ʃieitid/ v by ocenený, putting wallpaper up in the bedroom yet. docenený My boss sent me a complimentary e-mail website / websait/ n For more information on weight loss yesterday – it‘s always nice being appreciated. and healthy eating, visit our website. belong /bi lɒŋd/ v patri This watch belonged to my dad witty / witi/ adj vtipný He thinks of them as witty remarks, many years ago. but I regard them as insults. bit /bit/ v zahryznú , pohrýz Grandad broke his false yo-yo / jəυ jəυz/ n yo - yo Simple toys like yo-yos and teeth when he bit into his sandwich! spinning tops kept us amused for hours. bits and pieces / bits ən pi siz/ phr útržky Helen told me a few bits and pieces about herself, but not many details. black sheep / bl k ʃi p/ phr èierna ovca rodiny MODULE 4 Beauty Amy‘s always been the black sheep of the family since she left home at 15. (a) fly on the wall / flai ɒn ðə wɔ l/ phr by ako malá bookworm / bυkw m/ n knihomo¾ Jan‘s always been muška a poèu a vidie bez toho, aby ste bol a bit of a bookworm – she‘s constantly reading something. videný I‘d love to be a ﬂy on the wall when the manager talks borders / bɔ dəz/ n hranice China always reacts strongly to his team at half-time. to any threats against her borders. a real masterpiece /ə riəl mɑ stəpi s/ phr skutoèné bored to death / bɔ d tə deθ/ phr by k smrti ve¾dielo His speech was a real masterpiece – all the information znudený Her speech bored me to death, and I fell asleep needed, but over in 15 minutes. halfway through. a song and dance /ə sɒŋ ən dɑ ns/ phr preháòa , botanical garden /bə t nikəl ɑ dn/ n botanická nadsadi She looked normal to me, but her dad made a right záhrada John‘s a gardener at the botanical garden, so he song and dance about how she was dressed. knows a lot about plants. acclaim /ə kleim/ n potlesk, aplauz The young singer breathtaking / breθ teikiŋ/ adj dych berúci The view is enjoying critical acclaim. from my bedroom window was absolutely breathtaking. adjacent to /ə d eisənt tə, tυ/ adj pri¾ahlý, susediaci brilliant / briljənt/ adj oslnivý, jasný She closed her The new shopping centre, being adjacent to the ofﬁces, will be eyes against the brilliant light. convenient for lunchtime shoppers. butterflies / b təflaiz/ n motýle These bushes are very admirable / dmirəbəl/ adj obdivuhodný George attractive to butterﬂies in the summer. made an admirable attempt to achieve his target, but he didn‘t catchy / k tʃi/ adj chyt¾avý We need a catchy song to manage it. act as a them tune for the new TV series. are dismantled /ə dis m ntld/ v rozobra , rozmontova coastline / kəυstlainz/ n pobrežie The coastlines of the two The locomotives are taken to a scrapyard in the Midlands where countries are only separated by a narrow channel. they are dismantled. collar / kɒlə/ n golier He grabbed me by the collar and are financed /ə fain nst, fi n nst/ v by financovaný pulled my face towards his. The new housing developments are ﬁnanced by the local comes across / k mz ə krɒs/ phr v náhodou objavi council. I came across an old picture of Mum when I was tidying up. argument / ɑ jəmənt/ n hádka I broke the vase during competitive /kəm petətiv/ adj sú aživý Some US an argument with my husband. industries are not as competitive as they have been in the past. art exhibition / ɑ t eksə biʃən/ n umelecká výstava conflict / kɒnflikt/ n rozpor, konflikt Conﬂicts over A new art exhibition is opening at the Tate this weekend. wage settlements have led to strikes in the automotive assassinate /ə s sineit/ v úkladne zavraždi The CIA industry. discovered a plot to assassinate the President. 18 corny / kɔ ni/ adj otrepaný, staromódny He made a couple guidebook / aidbυk/ n cestovný sprievodca krajinou of corny jokes about women drivers, and then she slapped him. You should buy a couple of travel guidebooks on the countries cot /kɒt/ n detská postie¾ka It won‘t be long before the baby you‘re going to visit. is big enough to climb out of that cot. handsome / h nsəm/ adj pekný I think Johnny Depp is damaged / d mid d/ adj znièený My car was badly an extremely handsome young man. damaged in the accident. hang gliding / h ŋ laidiŋ/ n závesné lietanie Phil destination / desti neiʃən/ n cie¾ cesty Allow plenty of goes hang gliding in Lanzarote every summer. time to get to your destination. hang on a second / h ŋ ɒn ə sekənd/ phr poèka developed /di veləpt/ v rozvinutý Energy consumption chví¾u Are you going? Hang on a second and I‘ll come with you. in the developed world is causing concerns about global haunting / hɔ ntiŋ/ adj prenasledujúci, neustále warming. sa vracajúci He sang a haunting melody about someone dilapidated /di l pideitid/ adj schátralý, he loved long ago. polorozpadnutý There was an old, dilapidated shed at hesitant / hezitənt/ adj váhavý Gail gave me a hesitant the bottom of the garden. little smile. dusty / d sti/ adj zaprášený Adrian cycled along the dusty huddle / h dliŋ/ v chúli sa, krèi sa The three trees road, throwing up a cloud behind him. looked like they were huddling together at the top of the hill. effortless / efətləs/ adj nenútený, ¾ahký Alexei rose chase / tʃeisiŋ/ v prenasledova , chyta There were to his feet with a single effortless movement. dogs chasing each other all over the town square. embarrassing /im b rəsiŋ/ adj zahanbujúci, trápny I have to admit /ai h v tυ əd mit/ phr musím She asked a lot of embarrassing questions about his home life. pripusti I have to admit that I know absolutely nothing engineering / end i niəriŋ/ n stavite¾stvo Brunel‘s bridge about this software. over the river at Clifton was a remarkable piece of engineering. insignificant / insi nifikənt/ adj nepodstatný You entire /in taiə/ adj celý It was the worst day of my entire life realise that your problems are insigniﬁcant in comparison with when I lost the competition. many other people‘s. fabric / f brik/ n vlákno Have a look at our new range of intimately / intimətli/ adv dôverne I know the city intimately curtain fabrics and wallpapers. after living here for 20 years. fairy tale / feəri teil/ n rozprávky Grimm‘s fairy tales issue / iʃu , isju / n záležitos Abortion is a highly were often scary and full of violence. controversial issue. fasten / fɑ sən/ v zapína , upevòova ‚I‘m going now,‘ labelled / leibəld/ v oznaèený štítkom s adresou she said, fastening her coat. Make sure every box is labelled with your name and address. feat /fi t/ n výkon, èin They climbed the mountain in 28 let the cat out of the bag /let ðə k t aυt əv ðə b / days, a remarkable feat. phr vyzradi tajomstvo Ken let the cat out of the bag and field /fi ld/ n pole The country road gave a view of green told her about the surprise party. ﬁelds and rolling hills. lies /laiz/ v leža , rozprestiera sa The village lies in financially /fai nənʃəli, fi / adv finanène Colin wants a bend of the river Ure. to help his kids ﬁnancially when they go to university. lichen / laikənz, litʃənz/ n mach It was an old wall, with fish out of water / fiʃ aυt əv wɔ tə/ phr ako ryba na lichens growing on the surface sheltered from the wind. suchu Everyone else was wearing evening dress, so I felt like a ﬁsh litter / litə/ n odpadky People who drop litter can be ﬁned out of water in my T-shirt and jeans. in some cities. fuss /f s/ n rozruch James said he‘d better be getting back loads and loads / ləυdz ən ləυdz/ phr haldy, or there‘d be a fuss. obrovské množstvo Paula has loads and loads of books give shade / iv ʃeid/ v phr tieni The large oak tree in on the subject of English history. the garden gives the back of the house some shade in summer. loneliness / ləυnlinəs/ n osamelos Some students give shelter / iv ʃeltə/ v phr poskytnú prístrešok suffer from loneliness when they ﬁrst go away to university. They rescued me from the storm, took me to their house and luminous / lu minəs/ adj jasný, žiariaci I painted the gate gave me shelter. with luminous paint so that it could be easily seen in the dark. glamorous / l mərəs/ adj fascinujúci, okúz¾ujúci madman / m dmən/ n blázon He drives like a madman She led an exciting and glamorous life in Monaco. – I won‘t take a lift with him in case he has a crash.. glowing / ləυiŋ/ adj nadšený, pochvalný I‘ve had magnificent /m nifəsənt/ adj skvelý, nádherný glowing reports from Neil about your work. The choir gave a magnificent performance of Brahms‘ gorgeous / ɔ d əs/ adj úžasný ‚What do you think of my Requiem last night. new ﬂatmate?‘ ‚He‘s absolutely gorgeous!‘ mark territory / mɑ k terətəri/ v phr oznaèi si graceful / reisfəl/ adj pôvabný, graciózny The model‘s teritórium The dog went round every tree in the garden, movements were graceful and elegant. marking his territory. 19 materials /mə tiəriəlz/ n materiál Denim is a hard-wearing rising ground / raiziŋ raυnd/ n stúpajúci terén, material but it doesn‘t keep the cold out. vyvyšujúci sa At the back of the cottage there is rising medieval / medi i vəl/ adj stredoveký These spices ground all the way to the top of the Pentland Hills. were ﬁrst brought to Italy from the East in medieval times. saffron-coloured / s frən k ləd/ adj šafranová žltá - melt /həd meltid/ v roztopi sa By the time we got up farba Usha was wearing a saffron-coloured sari that contrasted this morning, the snow had melted in the sunshine. with her black hair. monotonous /mə nɒtənəs/ adj monotónny Hal exists sale /seil/ n predaj The use and sale of marijuana remains on a monotonous diet of nothing but chips and burgers. illegal. moral / mɒrəl/ adj morálny It is easy to have an opinion scary / skeəri/ adj hrozný Ned had a scary moment when on a moral issue like the death penalty for murder. he thought he was going to lose control of the car. moving / mu viŋ/ adj dojemný Bayman‘s book about his scenic / si nik/ adj scénický The Highlands is a region of illness is deeply moving. great scenic beauty. nylon / nailɒn/ n nylón I hate nylon shirts – they get all hot scores /skɔ z/ n nieko¾ko desiatok, stovky There are and sticky in warm weather. scores of lovely homes scattered all over the mountainside. obstacle race / ɒbstəkəl reis/ n prekážkový beh seat /si t/ n sídlo The family live in London but also have a country An assault course is a kind of obstacle race for army soldiers. seat in Berkshire. paces / peisiz/ n kroky The treasure map says to take 14 seemingly / si miŋli/ adv zdanlivo The detectives have only paces west and then turn north and take another six paces. been able to gather a few seemingly unrelated bits of information. parade /pə reid/ n prehliadka, pochod There will be shadow / ʃ dəυ/ n tieò She waited for him in the long dark a victory parade in the town centre for the winning rugby team. shadow of an old oak tree. permission /pə miʃən/ n povolenie You must ask permission sheep /ʃi p/ n ovca Sheep were grazing on the hillside. before taking any photographs inside the church. shriek / ʃri kiŋ/ v krièa , jaèa , vrieska Katy was picturesque / piktʃə resk/ adj malebný Peterhead is shrieking with delight when her dad handed her the new puppy. a quiet Scottish ﬁshing village with a picturesque harbour. sick and tired / sik ən taiəd/ phr by znudený a nahnevaný plonk /plɒŋk/ adv prudko, hluène They just came in and I‘m sick and tired of waiting for him – I‘m giving up and going home! put their bags down plonk in the middle of my room. sinister / sinistə/ adj temný, zlovestný, hrozivý There poetry / pəυətri/ n poézia He reads a lot of poetry, was something sinister and disturbing about Mr Scott‘s death. particularly the works of Dylan Thomas and Robert Frost. slanting / slɑ ntiŋ/ adj šikmý Does the house have a slanting powerful / paυəfəl/ adj vplyvný He was one of the most roof or a ﬂat one? powerful men in Bohemia. solid / sɒlid/ adj pevný, tuhý The lake was frozen solid, praise /preiz/ v pochváli Jane was praised by her teacher so we were able to skate across it.. as a hard-working, bright pupil. solitary / sɒlətəri/ adj jediný, osamelý The solitary previous / pri viəs/ adj predchádzajúci I‘ve met him goal of the match was scored by Giggs, the left-winger. before on two previous occasions. soothing / su ðiŋ/ adj utišujúci, uk¾udòujúci Penny projects / prɒd ekts/ n projekt Don is responsible for 20 sang a soothing song to the little girl until she fell asleep. building projects at any one time, so he‘s very busy. soppy / sɒpi/ adj sentimentálny We watched a really protect privacy /prə tekt privəsi, prai / v phr chráni soppy ﬁlm about a little boy and his faithful dog. súkromie We want to erect a high fence all round the house spectacular /spek t kjələ/ adj efektný, pompézny to protect our privacy. The Canadian Rockies are a mountainous area with spectacular questioning / kwestʃəniŋ/ n výsluch After two hours of scenery. questioning, the police got the suspect to confess. spy /spai/ n špión Blake was a Soviet spy who ﬂed to Russia rainfall / reinfɔ l/ n dažïové zrážky We‘ve had a long when he was discovered. period of low rainfall, so the ground is very dry. square metre / skweə mi təz/ n štvorcový meter rap /r p/ n rap - hudobný štýl This record label has The living room is approximately 28 square metres in area. published many popular rap songs. storm /stɔ m/ n búrka The storm broke at ﬁve o‘clock, and rat race / r t reis/ phr neustále súperenie ¾udí by we had thunder and lightning for the next three hours. úspešnejšími It‘s the story of a couple who quit the rat race stressful / stresfəl/ adj stresujúci Moving to a new house and went to live on a deserted island. is a very stressful experience. recommend / rekə mend/ v odporúèa I recommend striking / straikiŋ/ adj nápadný, neobyèajný The city that you get some professional advice. provides a striking contrast between wealth and poverty. reputation / repjə teiʃən/ n reputácia Judge Kelso stunning / st niŋ/ adj senzaèný, fantastický You look has a reputation for being strict but fair. absolutely stunning in that dress. right up your street / rait p jɔ stri t/ phr presne pre support /sə pɔ tid/ v podporova Patrick has supported teba I think this job is right up your street – it will be just right for you. Huddersﬁeld football club since he was a little boy. 20 surround /sə raυnd/ v obklopova The ﬁeld was REVIEW surrounded by trees on every side. suspicion /sə spiʃən/ n podozrenie I can‘t say for accompany /ə k mpəni/ v doprevádza Children under deﬁnite who did it, but I certainly have my suspicions. 14 must be accompanied by an adult. take-off / teik ɒf/ n vzlietnutie Take-off and landing are appeal /ə pi ld/ v odvola sa Brown appealed against his the only two parts of a ﬂight that are at all dangerous. sentence, and it was reduced to two years. tear-jerking / tiə d kiŋ/ adj srdcervúci The story of aspects / spekts/ n aspekt, uhol poh¾adu Aspects how she became ill and died made a tear-jerking ﬁlm. of his behaviour led me to believe that he was lying. tedious / ti diəs/ adj nudný, fádny The work was tiring avant-garde / vɒŋ ɑ d/ adj avantgardný The Tate and tedious, with nothing to relieve the boredom. Modern specialises in avant-garde art exhibitions. techno / teknəυ/ n techno Jimmy doesn‘t like techno be considered /bi kən sidəd/ v by považovaný – he‘d much rather listen to a live orchestra. If you don‘t have at least two degrees, you‘ll be considered tenant / tenənt/ n nájomník The desk was left in the ﬂat unsuitable for the job. by the previous tenant. ceiling / si liŋ/ n strop Rooms with high ceilings are very texture / tekstʃə/ n štruktúra, stavba, textília The smooth difﬁcult to heat. texture of the silk shirt felt cool against her skin. classification / kl səfi keiʃən/ n klasifikácia What is thoughtful / θɔ tfəl/ adj pozorný Paul is very thoughtful, the system for the classiﬁcation of wines according to quality? and always brings me a little present when he visits. colony / kɒləni/ n kolónia Algeria was formerly a French colony. tiny / taini/ adj malý She was brought up in a tiny community combine /kəm bain/ v spája , kombinova Augustine was in the Midwest before she moved to the big city. later to combine elements of this philosophy with the teachings to be honest /tə bi ɒnəst/ phr na rovinu, pravdu of Christianity. povediac... Well, to be honest, I‘ve never really liked concern /kən s n/ n záležitos , vec The recent rise in Morrissey. crime is a matter of considerable public concern. to be obsessed /iz əb sest/ v by posadnutý confront /kən fr nt/ v konfrontova The problems He is obsessed with railways, and often has really boring confronting the new government were enormous. conversations about them for hours. crowd /kraυd/ n zástup A crowd of angry protesters tortoise / tɔ təs/ n korytnaèka People often paint their surrounded the van carrying Smith to jail. address on their tortoise‘s shell in case it gets lost. delay /di leiz/ n zdržanie, oneskorenie Delays in bringing translucent /tr nz lu sənt/ adj priesvitný Blue veins him to trial meant that he had already served six months in showed through her translucent skin. prison. transport /wə tr ns pɔ tiŋ/ v preváža The criminals dimension /dai menʃən, di / n rozmer, dimenzia Bush were transporting stolen cars to Europe in shipping is not very interested in the moral dimension of world politics. containers. disarmament /dis ɑ məmənt/ n odzbrojenie Russia and umbilical cord / m bilikəl kɔ d/ n pupoèná šnúra the USA made a commitment to worldwide nuclear disarmament. The umbilical cord joins the baby to its mother while it is still effect /i fekt/ n vplyv My parents‘ divorce had a big effect inside the womb. on me. unique /ju ni k/ adj jedineèný The Galapagos gives us emigration / emi reiʃən/ n emigrácia Emigration from a unique opportunity to study these rare creatures. Ireland was at its height after the potato crop failed. unremarkable / nri mɑ kəbəl/ adj obyèajný, nièím exhibit /i zibit/ n výstavný kus The exhibits on display zaujímavý He led a busy but otherwise unremarkable life. here date from the 17th century. unspoilt / n spɔilt/ adj neznièený, neznehodnotený figures / fi əz/ n èísla The ﬁgures mean that we are not There‘s some lovely unspoilt countryside within just a few making enough proﬁt. miles of the city centre. guards / ɑ dz/ n strážnici The accused was ﬂanked by valley / v liz/ n údolie Bronwen was brought up in the south two guards when he was led into court. Wales valleys, amongst coal pits and miners. heighten / haitn/ v zvýši There are fears that the march was directed /wəz di rektid, dai / v boli režírované will heighten racial tension. Many of the winning films were directed by complete inspire /in spaiə/ v inšpirova We need someone who unknowns. can inspire the team to greater success. why bother / wai bɒðə/ phr na èo sa ob ažova You jaguar / d juə/ n jaguár The zoo houses many big could at least try!‘ ‚Why bother? It won‘t make any difference.‘ cats, including jaguars, leopards and tigers. wooded / wυdid/ adj zalesnený The wooded hills of lingua franca / liŋ wə fr ŋkə/ n spoloèný jazyk Northern Virginia were once an important coal-mining area. English is the lingua franca in many countries. wrapped up / r pt p/ v zabalený The baby was well loyalists / lɔiəlists/ n lojalisti The bomb was planted by wrapped up against the cold weather. people calling themselves loyalists to the British crown. 21 merge /m d / v zlúèi sa, fúzova The bank announced alternative /ɔ l t nətiv/ adj alternatívny Many that it was to merge with another of the high street banks. alternative approaches to learning have been tried and have mind you / maind ju / v phr samozrejme, pochopte failed. I‘m very shy. Mind you, when I‘ve had a few drinks I get more androids / ndrɔidz/ n android Data‘ was the name of outgoing! the android on the Starship Enterprise in the Star Trek series. persuaded /pə sweidid/ v presvedèi The arguments antibiotics / ntibai ɒtiks/ n antibiotiká The doctor of his lawyers persuaded the judge to treat him sympathetically. gave me some antibiotics to cure the infection. puppet / p pit/ n bábka We watched a 20-minute puppet artificial intelligence / ɑ tifiʃəl in telid əns/ n umelá show on the beach. inteligencia Artiﬁcial intelligence suggests that robots may rise /raiz/ n rast We are expecting a sharp rise in interest one day be able to think for themselves. rates. artillery shells /ɑ tiləri ʃelz/ n delostrelecká munícia safety / seifti/ n bezpeènos The company is introducing We could hear the scream of artillery shells from the big guns measures to improve the health and safety of employees. behind us. serve /s vd/ v poslúži , prospie The fact that you showed astrology /ə strɒləd i/ n astrológia Astrology claims no regret for what you did served to increase your sentence. to be able to foretell the future by analysing the position of session / seʃən/ n sedenie The centre is holding a training the stars. session for teachers about computers. astronauts / strənɔ ts/ n kozmonaut A team of similarities / simə l rətiz/ n podobnosti The similarities astronauts is in training for the next mission into space. between them are remarkable – they could almost be twins! astronomical / strə nɒmikəl/ adj astronomický, spray /sprei/ v sprejova She sprayed her neck with obrovský Astronomical prices have made it impossible for perfume before going out for the evening. many people to buy a house in London. state /steits/ n štát Many states had still not voted to ban astronomy /ə strɒnəmi/ n astronómia Jan has had slavery. a telescope ever since she ﬁrst became interested in astronomy. strike /strəυd/ v vkroèi ve¾kými krokmi Fran strode at our own pace / t aυər əυn peis/ prep phr naším into the shop and demanded to see the manager. vlastným tempom We prefer to be on our own so that we struggle / str əld/ v pokúša sa, snaži sa The prisoner can walk at our own pace. struggled to get away, but they prevented him from escaping. atom / təm/ n atóm Carbon atoms form the basis of all three dimensional / θri dai menʃənəl, di-/ adj living matter. trojrozmerný The letters on his T-shirt looked three- attend /ə tend/ v zúèastni sa Only 12 people attended dimensional because of how they were coloured. the meeting. trap /tr pt/ v chyti do pasce An animal is most aware of /ə weər əv, ɒv/ adj všimnú si, by si vedomý dangerous when he is trapped with nowhere to go. Are you aware of my best-selling book on the subject, „Rain is Wet“? treaty / tri ti/ n zmluva Both sides have agreed to sign bacteria /b k tiəriə/ n baktéria Before penicillin, a bacterial the peace treaty. infection could often cause death in the sufferer. twist /twist/ v toèi , otoèi He twisted his head slightly be involved in /wəz in vɒlvd in/ v by zapletený v, and looked up at her. zúèastni sa It was alleged that the bank was involved in variety /və raiətiz/ n rozmanitos There are hundreds criminal activities. of varieties of fuchsia for sale in this garden centre. be on the brink of /wəz ɒn ðə briŋk əv, ɒv/ prep phr virtual reality / v tʃuəl ri ləti/ n virtuálny realita by na pokraji, by jednou nohou v... In mid 1939, „The Sims“ is a virtual reality game where you control the lives Germany was on the brink of war with Britain. of a whole family of people. beat /bi t/ v porazi Brazil were beaten 2–1 by Scotland. beforehand /bi fɔ h nd/ adv popredu The police need to be briefed beforehand on how to deal with this sort of situation. MODULE 5 New Frontiers biology /bai ɒləd i/ n biológia He got a degree in biology and went on to become a teacher. accuracy / kjərəsi/ n presnos He passes the ball with black hole / bl k həυl/ n èierna diera I‘m worried that unerring accuracy. the project could become a ﬁnancial black hole. activate /wil bi ktiveitid/ v spusti , aktivova brain /brein/ n mozog Messages from the brain are carried The device will be activated by irregularities in the patient‘s by the central nervous system. heartbeat. break /breiks/ n prestávka Shall we have a break from achieve /wil həv ə tʃi vd/ v dosiahnu By the end of working, and relax with a cup of tea? the year I will have achieved my target of losing 50 pounds breakthrough / breikθru / n prielom, neèakaný objav in weight. Scientists have made a major breakthrough in the treatment aliens / eiliənz/ n mimozemš ania Wilbur said that aliens of cancer. from another planet had captured him and held him prisoner. 22 calculations / k lkjə leiʃənz/ n prepoèty, kalkulácie deep space / di p speis/ n hlboký vesmír Signals Calculations have shown that our initial theory was incorrect. from deep space may come from other solar systems that are came out /keim aυt/ phr v objavi sa The original trying to contact us. version of the ﬁlm came out in 1938. demonstrated / demənstreitid/ v demonštrova , canyon / k njənz/ n kaòon There are some beautiful predvies Galileo demonstrated that the sun did not go houses in the canyons north of the city. round the Earth, but vice versa. classical piece / kl sikəl pi siz/ n klasický úryvok despite /di spait/ conj napriek Despite all our efforts to The pianist played several classical pieces and then threw in save the school, the authorities decided to close it. a couple of jazz numbers. dim /dim/ adj matný, nejasný, šedý In the dim light of code /kəυd/ n kód, zásada The Torah is the basis for all the early dawn, the hills appeared on the horizon. Jewish laws and their moral code. disconnecting / diskə nektiŋ/ v prerušenie spojenia colonise /wil həv kɒlənaizd/ v podmani si It‘s They stopped him making any more calls by disconnecting his possible that we will have colonised the Moon by the late telephone line. 21st century. DNA molecule / di en ei mɒlikju l/ n DNA molekula come round /k m raυnd/ phr v zastavi sa, zaskoèi The DNA molecule is a combination of four chemicals. Why don‘t you and your wife come round and have a few drinks documentary / dɒkjə mentəri/ n dokument A local this evening? ﬁlm crew is making a documentary about volcanoes. compensates for / kɒmpənseits fə, fɔ / v vynahradi , dress up / drest p/ phr v vyoblieka sa Where are kompenzova The long jail sentence doesn‘t compensate for you going, all dressed up like that? the fact that my husband is no longer alive. due to / dju tə, tυ/ conj kvôli The court of inquiry ruled that compose /kəm pəυz/ v zloži , skomponova Mozart the crash was due to pilot error. composed his ﬁrst works when he was a young boy. effective /i fektiv/ adj efektívny The cheaper drugs are computerised /kəm pju təraizd/ adj poèítaèové just as effective in treating arthritis. Computerised equipment has meant the loss of many jobs. efficient /i fiʃənt/ adj zdatný, schopný Moira has conference / kɒnfərəns/ n konferencia Representatives been a very efﬁcient secretary over the last 15 years. from over 100 countries attended the International Peace electric current /i lektrik k rənt/ n elektrický prúd Conference in Geneva. If you pass an electric current through this wire, it will produce confess /kən fes/ v prizna sa Edwards confessed to light. being a spy for the KGB. emotions /i məυʃənz/ n emócie Emotions were running confuse / ɒt kən fju zd/ v zmias , zmýli Oliver high as Argentina beat Brazil to reach the semi-ﬁnals. got the numbers confused and dialled somebody else by employs /im plɔiz/ v zamestnáva The ﬁlm employs special mistake. effects to achieve things that actors couldn‘t physically do. consequence / kɒnsikwənsiz/ n dôsledok What are enable /wil i neibəl/ v umožni Scientiﬁc breakthroughs the consequences for the patient if anything goes wrong? will enable us to live longer and healthier lives. constant / kɒnstənt/ adj neustály There was a constant energy / enəd i/ n energia Helping people takes time and stream of visitors to the house. lots of energy. consume /kən sju md/ v skonzumova The accused engineer / end i niə/ n stavite¾, inžinier He trained had consumed more than 15 pints of bitter, my lord. as a civil engineer, and spent his career designing and control panels /kən trəυl p nəlz/ n kontrolné building bridges. prístroje There are so many control panels in a modern equation /i kwei ən/ n rovnica In the equation 2x + 1 = 7, aircraft that it gets very confusing. what is x? cosmology /kɒz mɒləd i/ n kozmológia Cosmology tries exhibition / eksi biʃən/ n výstava There‘s an exhibition to expand our knowledge of the universes beyond our own. of black and white photographs by Diane Arbus next week. costly / kɒstli/ adj nákladný This operation involves a complex expand /iz ik sp ndiŋ/ v rozširova , rozrasta Tesco, and costly procedure. the supermarket giant, is expanding its empire into the United creators /kri eitəz/ n tvorcovia Aardman Animations States. are the creators of Wallace and Gromit. far-reaching / fɑ ri tʃiŋ/ adj ïalekosiahle The country crystal balls / kristl bɔ lz/ n krištá¾ová gu¾a Ask carried out far-reaching reforms to modernise its economy. most people about fortune-telling and they picture gypsies foggy / fɒ i/ adj hmlistý A foggy day in November is not looking into crystal balls. the best time to visit Glasgow. cure /kjυə/ v lieèi Many types of cancer can now be cured. formula / fɔ mjələ/ n formulka, vzorec We‘re still data processing / deitə prəυsesiŋ, dɑ tə/ n spracovanie searching for a peace formula. dát As a result of an error in our data processing department, you frontiers / fr ntiəz/ n hranice Sam is going off to have been paid £1 million this week. Australia – she wants new frontiers to conquer. 23 futurology / fju tʃə rɒləd i/ n futurológia Futurology in its infancy /in its infənsi/ phr v plienkach, v zaèiatkoch involves scientiﬁc predictions about the future. Considering the internet was in its infancy only a few years ago, galaxy / ləksi/ n galaxia How many galaxies are there things have moved really fast. in the known universe? in terms of /in t mz əv, ɒv/ prep phr z h¾adiska, gaze / eiziz/ v rozhliada sa Dan reached the top of pod¾a People are already talking in terms of computers that the hill and gazed out over the landscape below. you will carry on your wrist. gene /d i n/ n gén The disease is passed from mother to incredibly /in kredəbli/ adv neuverite¾ne Nicotine is child through the genes. incredibly addictive. genetic /d ə netik/ adj genetický Genetic defects can information technology / infə meiʃən tek nɒləd i/ sometimes be the introduction of an altered gene. n informaèné technológie Information technology has genetic engineering /d ə netik end i niəriŋ/ n had quite an impact on patient records in the NHS. genetické inžinierstvo Genetic engineering has the capability insect-like / insekt laik/ adj tenký ako prútik Just to correct birth defects in children and babies. looking at his skinny, insect-like ﬁngers makes me shiver. geology /d i ɒləd i/ n geológia I never studied geology, interactive / intər ktiv/ adj interaktívny The museum but I like collecting rocks and ﬁnding out what they‘re made of. likes to make its children‘s exhibits as interactive and hands- get across / et ə krɒs/ phr v vyjadri , vyslovi It took on as possible. him ages to get his point across. investigate /in vesti eit/ v pátra , vyšetrova The state give away / iv ə wei/ phr v rozda , da zadarmo I gave police are investigating the incident. most of my books away when I left college. is to do with /iz tə du wið, wiθ/ phr v ma spoloèné I think giving him a ring / iviŋ him ə riŋ/ phr zavolaj mu the accident was more to do with his tiredness than anything else. I‘ll ask my husband to give you a ring and arrange it. jigsaw puzzle / d i sɔ p zəl/ n skladaèka The last got a lot out of / ɒt ə lɒt aυt əv, ɒv/ phr v ve¾a piece of the jigsaw puzzle is missing – I can‘t complete it. získa , dozvedie sa I got a lot out of your lectures – they jug /d / n džbán The set is comprised of a milk jug, a sugar were always full of useful information. bowl and a teapot. gravity / r vəti/ n prí ažlivos , gravitácia The force laboratory /lə bɒrətri/ n laboratórium A research of gravity prevents us for jumping more than a few feet off the ground. laboratory in Cambridge has just announced a breakthrough ground-breaking / raυnd breikiŋ/ adj priekopnícky in the treatment of certain cancers. Pavlov‘s dog was the subject of one of his ground-breaking lack of / l k əv, ɒv/ n nedostatok The murderer‘s lack experiments on instinct. of remorse led the judge to give him the maximum penalty. hereditary /hi reditəri/ adj dedièný The disease is landmarks / l ndmɑ ks/ n prírodný úkaz Tourists hereditary, but usually skips a generation. come to Edinburgh to see all its famous landmarks, such as hibernation / haibə neiʃən/ n hibernácia Bears survive the castle. the winter by hibernation until the warmer weather returns. launch / lɔ ntʃiŋ/ v predstavi , uvies na trh high-powered / hai paυəd/ adj výkonný, vysoko Microsoft are launching a new operating system this week. výkonný He put a high-powered jet engine in an automobile leave our mark on / left aυə mɑ k ɒn/ v phr zanecha so that it would go very fast. dojem The Chicago Bears have left their mark on Superbowl horoscope / hɒrəskəυp/ n horoskop Jen‘s magazine XXIX, but they didn‘t win it. has horoscopes in it every week, and she reads them and lecture / lektʃə/ n prednáška I attended a lecture on believes every word. medieval art at the gallery last night. human genome / hju mən d i nəυm/ n ¾udský life-like / laif laik/ adj ako živý The monsters in that ﬁlm genóm The human genome is a map of the DNA molecule. were very life-like – they scared me to death! humankind / hju mən kaind/ n ¾udstvo It is possible light year / lait jiə, j / n svetelný rok He discovered that humankind will one day colonise other planets. a star 3000 light years from Earth. chemicals / kemikəlz/ n chemické látky This mixture link /wil bi liŋkiŋ/ v spoji The lab will be linking together of chemicals can be highly dangerous and may explode. hundreds of computers across the world for this experiment. chess /tʃes/ n šach They meet fairly often to play chess. logged on / lɒ d ɒn/ phr v prihlási sa I logged on, identify /ai dentifai/ v identifikova , rozozna He was entered my password, and checked my e-mail. too far away to be able to identify faces. make out / meik aυt/ phr v rozozna He could just impact / imp kt/ n vplyv We need to assess the impact make out a dark shape moving towards him. on climate change. makes up for / meiks p fə, fɔ / phr v kompenzova , improving /im pru viŋ/ v zlepši , skvalitni Science nahradi Do you think £5 is going to make up for all the extra has been instrumental in improving the lives of millions. work I had to do? No way! in case /in keis/ conj v prípade In case you were wondering, manned /m nd/ adj nesúci ¾udí, obsadený ¾uïmi yes, that is a wig she‘s wearing. How much did it cost to send a manned spacecraft to the moon? 24 manufacturing / m njə f ktʃəriŋ/ v priemyselná participants /pɑ tisipənts/ n úèastníci The participants výroba Thousands of jobs had been lost in manufacturing. in tonight‘s discussion include the Prime Minister. Mars /mɑ z/ n Mars Tell us about the enormous volcanoes passing on / pɑ siŋ ɒn/ phr v posla ïalej, preda known to exist on Mars. ïalej Spies passed on secret information to the enemy. mass /m s/ n masa, hmota The food had congealed into patch / p tʃiz/ n f¾ak, škvrna Small patches of dirt on a sticky mass. the camera lens appeared as white spots on the photograph. mass-produced / m s prə dju st/ adj vyrábaný vo penicillin / peni silin/ n penicilín The bread in his cupboard ve¾kom Most people can‘t afford anything other than mass- was so old, it had penicillin growing on it. produced furniture. perspective /pə spektiv/ n poh¾ad, postoj His father‘s memorable / memərəbəl/ adj pamätný We want to make death gave him a whole new perspective on life. this a truly memorable day for the children. Petri dish / pi tri diʃ/ n Petriho miska The bacteria meteorite / mi tiərait/ n meteorit The depression was were grown in a Petri dish in the laboratory. caused by a meteorite that collided with the Earth millions of physicist / fizisist/ n fyzik A physicist studies natural years ago. phenomena such as heat, light and sound. microchip / maikrəυ tʃip/ n mikroèip Japan‘s largest physics / fiziks/ n fyzika After studying physics at university, producer of microchips has a contract to supply Monster Sheila got a job at NASA. computers. presumably /pri zju məbli/ adv pravdepodobne, microscope / maikrəskəυp/ n mikroskop Abnormalities pod¾a všetkého It‘s raining, which presumably means in the cells can be seen quite clearly under a microscope. that your football match will be cancelled. molecule / mɒlikju l/ n molekula The molecules of probes /prəυbz/ n kozmická sonda The ship carries a space oxygen gas contain just two atoms. probe that will land on the planet to take rock samples. mould /məυld/ n pleseò There‘s green mould on this meat process / prəυses/ n proces The Israeli–Egyptian peace – it isn‘t ﬁt to eat. process took a long time to conclude. mould-breaking / məυld breikiŋ/ adj prelomový, programmable / prəυ r məbəl/ adj programovate¾né významný Henry did some mould-breaking research on Central heating is a programmable heating system used in homes biological processes. and ofﬁces. nanotechnology / n nəυtek nɒləd i/ n nanotechnológia provokes /prə vəυks/ v provokova He provokes the dog Nanotechnology would use minute robots that could be by teasing him and then tells him off when he starts barking. programmed to travel through our bodies. quiz /kwiz/ n kvíz, sú až Are you coming to the pub quiz navy / neivi/ n námorníctvo The British Navy have sent at the Cock and Bull tonight? three warships to the area to restore calm. radio telescope / reidiəυ teləskəυp/ n satelit nebula / nebjυli / n hviezdna hmlovina The Crab zbierajúci rádiové vlny z vesmíru A radio telescope Nebula is a galaxy far away from, but similar to, our own. allows us to see far into space, beyond the reach of optical nuclear bomb / nju kliə bɒm/ n jadrová bomba instruments. Pakistan have developed the capability to build a nuclear bomb. radioactivity / reidiəυ k tivəti/ n rádioaktivita The danger nuclear war / nju kliə wɔ / n atómová vojna The threat of radioactivity exists for many years after the bomb has been of nuclear war has lessened since the peace treaty was signed. exploded. objective / ɒbd ek tivəti/ n cie¾ He vowed to achieve reception /ri sepʃən/ n hostina, recepcia The reception certain objectives before the end of his presidency. will be held in the church hall after the wedding. oil /ɔil/ n olej Check the oil level in your car every week. reflect /ri flekt/ v odráža The choice of pieces reﬂects on screen / ɒn skri n/ prep phr na obrazovke This photo the gallery manager‘s love of unusual sculpture. looks quite different on screen to when you print it out. reflection /ri flekʃən/ n odraz, uvažovanie This is a time online / ɒn lain/ adv pripojený, on-line All the city‘s for careful reﬂection on what has happened, rather than hasty schools will be online by the end of the year. action. outcome / aυtk m/ n výsledok It was impossible to predict refreshments /ri freʃmənts/ n obèerstvenie the outcome of the election. Refreshments will be available in the school dining hall for outlook / aυtlυk/ n poh¾ad He‘s got a good, positive outlook anyone who feels hungry. on life. relativity / relə tivəti/ n teória relativity Many later painstakingly / peinzteikiŋli/ adv opatrne Janet conclusions have been made possible by Einstein‘s theory painstakingly assembled the pieces of the broken vase and of relativity. put it back together. release /wəz ri li st/ v verejne premieta Scorsese‘s panel discussion / p nl di sk ʃən/ n beseda so new ﬁlm was released in 2000 cinemas nationwide. skupinou odborníkov Each speaker will give a ﬁve- replica / replikə/ n napodobenina, replika The ornament minute talk, and this will be followed by a panel discussion. was an exact replica of the Taj Mahal. 25 resources /ri zɔ siz, ri sɔ siz/ n zdroje The country‘s tiny / taini/ adj malý, útly She was brought up in a tiny mineral resources will have been used up by 2020. community in the Midwest before she moved to the big city. reveal /ri vi l/ v odhali He may be prosecuted for revealing to be all about /iz ɔ l əbaυt/ phr v ma zámer, cie¾ secrets about the security agency. This housing development is all about conserving energy and rock / rɒkiŋ/ v húpa sa The punch sent his opponent rocking lowering costs. back on his heels. tube /tju bz/ n trubica, trubka The first televisions science fiction / saiəns fikʃən/ n vedecká fantázia contained lots of tubes and valves. Brian writes science ﬁction books for children and adults. tube / test tju b/ n nádoba Heat the liquid in the test-tube search engine / s tʃ end in/ n vyh¾adávaè Yahoo to a temperature of 100 degrees Celsius. is one of the best-known search engines on the internet. ultra-smart / ltrə smɑ t/ adj vysoko inteligentný settle down / setliŋ daυn/ phr v usadi sa Haven‘t you ever Ultra-smart robots will one day be able to do most of the things thought of getting married, settling down and having children? that humans can, and more besides. so as to / səυ əz tə, tυ/ conj na to aby So as to keep unassuming / nə sju miŋ/ adj skromný, nenároèný everyone entertained, there will be a comedian and a rock band. My teacher was a shy, unassuming man who nevertheless so that / səυ ðət, ð t/ conj aby Joan wants us to arrive came alive in the classroom. early so that she can introduce everyone before we eat. universe / ju niv s/ n vesmír Not everything in the universe solar system / səυlə sistəm/ n slneèná sústava How is understood by scientists. many planets are there in our solar system? use up / ju z p/ phr v minú She‘s used up all the hot water sources / sɔ siz/ n zdroje Sources in Parliament have – there‘s none left! stated that the Prime Minister will resign soon. vary / veəri/ v variova , by rozdielny Test scores vary spaceships / speis ʃips/ n raketoplán My nephew from school to school. likes making models of spaceships and railway trains. Venus / vi nəs/ n Venuša The high surface temperatures species / spi ʃi z/ n druh Seven species of hawk have been of Venus make it unsuitable for human colonisation. observed. virtual / v tʃuəl/ adj potenciálny Car ownership is a virtual spill /spil/ v vylia Katie almost spilled her milk when she tripped necessity when you live in the country. on the carpet. visual effects / vi uəl i fekts/ n vizuálne efekty store /stɔ / v skladova Squirrels are storing up nuts for The band have used visual effects and ﬁreworks in their show the winter. since the beginning. swimming costume / kɒstjυm/ n plavky Linda bought walked out / wɔ kt aυt/ phr v vyjs von Ed threw all his a one-piece swimming costume for her holiday in Egypt. papers into the waste basket and then walked out of the ofﬁce. switch / switʃiz/ n vypínaè Turn on all the lights, please was published /wəz p bliʃt/ v bol uverejnený An account – the switches are over there. of the trial was published in the newspaper the next day. take over / teik əυvə/ phr v prevzia His only reason for investing in the company was to take it over. tea-leaves / ti li vz/ n èajové lístky Some people MODULE 6 Soft Machine claimed to be able to tell your future by reading patterns in a breath of fresh air /ə breθ əv freʃ eə/ phr nový postoj, the tea-leaves. názor, .. Her approach was a breath of fresh air after all the old telephone directory / teləfəυn dai rektəri, di / n ideas that were being suggested. telefónny zoznam Look up her number in the telephone absurd /əb s d/ adj absurdné It seems quite absurd directory. to expect anyone to drive for 3 hours just for a 20 minute the last piece…had fallen into place /ðə lɑ st pi s meeting. həd fɔ lən intə pleis/ phr posledný kúsok skladaèky admit /wəz əd mitid/ v pripusti , prija Mr Jones was zapadol With this discovery, the last piece of the puzzle had admitted to hospital last night with three broken ribs. fallen into place. advance /əd vɑ ns/ n výhoda, postup, zlepšenie the sky‘s the limit /ðə skaiz ðə limit/ phr bez hraníc, Despite a lot of research, there have not been many advances bez problémov, nepozná prekážky If it‘s money you in the treatment of the common cold. need for your new project, the sky‘s the limit! Aids /eidz/ n AIDS Aids is still a huge problem in the developing the thing kicked off /ðə θiŋ kikt ɒf/ phr zaèa The concert world, and causes many deaths. kicked off with one of the crowd‘s favourite numbers, ‚Brown Sugar‘. airtight / eətait/ adj vzduchotesný The food should be kept theme /θi m/ n téma The book‘s theme is the conﬂict in airtight containers to prevent it from going bad. between love and duty. amateur / mətə/ n amatér She was a gifted amateur time-consuming / taim kən sju miŋ/ adj èasovo skier, but not as good as today‘s professionals. nároèný It used to be a complex and time-consuming ankle / ŋkəl/ n èlenok Janet slipped on the stairs and process to make millions of calculations. twisted her ankle. 26 astonished /ə stɒniʃt/ adj užasnutý We were astonished convincing /kən vinsiŋ/ adj presvedèivý, usvedèujúci to ﬁnd the temple still in its original condition. The jury was shown convincing evidence of his guilt. bann from /wəz b nd frəm, frɒm/ v zakáza Chambers corridors / kɒridɔ z/ n chodby Patients were lying on was banned from taking part in athletic competitions for two years. trolleys in the corridors because there weren‘t enough beds. battle / b tl/ n boj, bitka, vojna Tim had a battle to get crack /həz bi n kr kt/ v rozlomi , rozlúšti An important the tax he had paid back from the Inland Revenue. moment in World War II was when the Enigma machine code was billion / biljən/ number bilión The ﬁnal cost could be as much cracked. as one billion dollars. date /deit/ n schôdzka, rande His date turned up late for blotch /blɒtʃiz/ n vyrážka What are those strange red the dance, wearing jeans and a T-shirt! blotches on your back? deadly / dedli/ adj smrte¾ný This snake carries a deadly bone marrow / bəυn m rəυ/ n kostná dreò Your daughter poison that could kill you in minutes if it bit you. needs a bone marrow transplant if she is going to survive. debate /di beit/ n debata, rozhovor The gun-control break out /həd brəυkən aυt/ phr v zaèa , zaháji debate in the US will go on for ever. They managed to leave the country before war had broken out. decipher /di saifəd/ v rozrieši After weeks of study, bring up / briŋ p/ phr v nadhodi , zaèa hovori the team ﬁnally deciphered the enemy‘s code. o... Why did you have to bring up the subject of money? definitive /di finətiv/ adj koneèný, definitívny He wrote bronchitis /brɒŋ kaitis/ n zápal dýchacích ciest the deﬁnitive study of Victorian railway stations. Val has caught bronchitis, and has terrible ﬁts of coughing. detect /di tekt/ v odhali Many forms of cancer can be bubble / b bəl/ n bublina When water boils, bubbles rise cured if detected early. to the surface. determination /di t mi neiʃən/ n odhodlanie Yuri shows camping holiday / k mpiŋ hɒlədi, dei/ n stanovaèka great determination to learn English. Camping holidays with my parents got to be less fun when I reached diagnosed /həd bi n daiə nəυzd/ v diagnostikovaný sixteen. I‘m sorry, I didn‘t know your son had been diagnosed with MS. cancer / k nsə/ n rakovina A lot of cancers can now be treated diagnosis / daiə nəυsis/ n diagnóza The original diagnosis successfully. was incorrect – there‘s actually nothing wrong with you. capacity /kə p səti/ n kapacita, ve¾kos The fuel tank diarrhoea / daiə riə/ n hnaèka I was off work last week with has a capacity of 40 litres. sickness and diarrhoea – it must have been something I ate. cell /sel/ n bunka The disease has stopped his body producing disables /dis eibəlz/ v znemožòova This condition red blood cells. disables the mechanisms that the body uses to protect itself. clones /kləυnz/ n klony Most people are ethically opposed disorder /dis ɔ də/ n porucha He suffers from a rare to the idea of human clones. disorder of the liver. cloning / kləυniŋ/ n klonovanie Cloning first came to distort /di stɔ t/ v skresli Tall buildings can distort radio the public‘s attention with Dolly the sheep. signals. come off it /k m ɒf it/ phr ale nehovor, to don’t care two hoots about /dəυnt keə tu hu ts nemyslíš vážne I want to be a professional footballer.‘ əbaυt/ phr nema vôbec záujem, nestara sa She ‚Come off it, John, you can‘t even kick the ball straight!‘ doesn‘t care two hoots about his feelings. come up /k m p/ phr v pristúpi , obráti sa na.. donor / dəυnə/ n darca The kidney transplant service One of the teachers came up and started talking to me. urgently needs more donors. compatible /kəm p tibəl/ adj kompatibilný The new doping / dəυpiŋ/ n doping The team were cleared of all software is IBM compatible. the doping offences of which they had been accused. complications / kɒmpli keiʃənz/ n komplikácie During drugs /dr z/ n lieky, drogy Make sure you lock the drugs the operation, complications arose, and the patient sadly died. cupboard every time after you have used it. consists of /kən sists əv, ɒv/ v pozostáva z... The human dubious / dju biəs/ adj pochybný The ﬁrm was accused body consists largely of water. of dubious accounting practices. contemporary /kən tempərəri, pəri/ adj súèasný There eating disorders / i tiŋ dis ɔ dəz/ n poruchy trávenia, is an exhibition of contemporary Japanese prints at the gallery. stravovania Many young fashion models look so thin, you think continent / kɒntinənt/ n kontinent, svetadiel The continent they must suffer from eating disorders. of Antarctica lies south of the Equator. electrical impulses /i lektrikəl imp lsiz/ n elektrické contract /həd kən tr ktid/ v nakazi sa, chyti chorobu impulzy Electrical impulses are sent from all parts of the body to It was announced that ten people in Bangkok had contracted the brain for processing. bird ﬂu. eliminate /i limineitid/ v vylúèi James was eliminated contracts / kɒntr kts/ n zmluvy, kontrakty Contracts in the heats, and did not go forward to the ﬁnal. have been exchanged, and the work is due to start at the beginning endangered /in deind əd/ adj ohrozený The charity raises of November. money to support the conservation of endangered animal species. 27 epidemic / epi demik/ n epidémia Over 500 people died heart /hɑ t/ n srdce Regular exercise is good for the heart. during last year‘s ﬂu epidemic. chat show / tʃ t ʃəυ/ n program, v ktorom sa moderátor equipment /i kwipmənt/ n zariadenie, vybavenie rozpráva s hos ami o všelièom Jonathan Ross is a well- I bought this torch in a shop selling camping equipment. paid TV chat show host. eradicate /i r dikeit/ v zbavi sa We can eradicate this chemotherapy / ki məυ θerəpi/ n chemoterapia disease from the world. Jill‘s hair fell out when she had chemotherapy treatment for her estimated / estimeitid/ adj odhadovaný An estimated cancer. 2000 passengers were stranded at Heathrow because of the pilots‘ I bet / ai bet/ phr stavím sa.... I bet the next person to strike. come round that corner is a woman. euphoria /ju fɔ riə/ n eufória There was a general I reckon /ai rekən/ phr predpokladám, myslím I reckon atmosphere of pessimism after the euphoria of last year. Leeds will be back in the Premiership within two seasons. fatal / feitl/ adj smrte¾ný, fatálny There is now a long immune system /i mju n sistəm/ n imunitný systém list of potentially fatal diseases that we know about. My immune system is not as strong as it ought to be. fertility drugs /f tiləti dr z/ n lieky podporujúce immunity /i mju nəti/ n imunita This drug gives limited oplodnenie Fertility drugs sometimes cause mothers to have immunity against the disease. multiple births. immunology / imjə nɒləd i/ n imunológia Immunology find out / faindiŋ aυt/ phr v zisti One way of ﬁnding out is the study of how the body‘s defences act against disease. what he wants is just to ask him. in favour /in feivə/ prep phr v prospech Our MP voted flaw /flɔ z/ n chyba There are a few ﬂaws in your suggestion, in favour of the government‘s proposal to abolish the tax. but overall it seems well thought out. infection /in fekʃən/ n infekcia An ear infection can affect flu ( = influenza) /flu / n chrípka Helen has a touch of ﬂu, your balance. so she‘s not coming in to work today. inflatable wristbands / rist b ndz/ n nafukovacie fluid / flu id/ n tekutina He is not allowed solid food yet, rukávniky na plávanie The little kids have inﬂatable only ﬂuids. wristbands to help them stay aﬂoat. for starters /fə stɑ təz/ prep phr na zaèiatok For infusion /in fju ən/ n prilievanie, vlievanie, infúzia starters, you need a new suit; then a decent haircut; and then Further education badly needs the infusion of more resources. you‘ll be ready for the interview. inherited /in heritid/ adj zdedený Is this an inherited from the word go /frəm ðə w d əυ/ prep phr od disease, or is it passed on by infection? zaèiatku From the word go, you have been against any initial /i niʃəl/ adj prvotný Tony wants an initial investment suggestions I might make. of £5000 to start up his new business. game show / eim ʃəυ/ n sú ažná hra In this game show, insert /in s t/ v vloži , strèi do His hand shook slightly the winner is the person who can answer most questions correctly. as he inserted the key into the lock. gene-doping / d i n dəυpiŋ/ n génový doping Gene- interprets /in t prits/ v interpretova The computer doping means that athletes‘ genes could be altered so that they interprets signals from the keyboard and turns them into could run faster. actions on screen. genetically-modified /d ə netikli mɒdifaid/ adj kidneys / kidniz/ n oblièky One of his kidneys has failed, geneticky upravované Many supermarkets have been and he needs a transplant. forced to stop selling genetically-modiﬁed foods. knee /ni / n koleno Lucy had a bandage round her knee get a lot out of / ɒt ə lɒt aυt əv, ɒv/ phr v ve¾a získa , where she had cut it. dozvedie sa I got a lot out of your lectures – they were leading / li diŋ/ adj vedúci, riadiaci The army played always full of useful information. a leading role in organising the attempted coup. get down to / et daυn tə, tυ/ phr v zaèa It‘s time we got let‘s face it / lets feis it/ phr buïme úprimný, povedzme down to work. si pravdu Let‘s face it, Harry, you never really worked very hard get fit / et fit/ phr by v kondícii Sally wants to start at your exams, did you? going to the gym so she can get ﬁt. liver / livə/ n peèeò Her liver had suffered because of all get through / ɒt θru / phr v zvládnu With a lot of hard the alcohol she had been drinking. work, you‘ll get through your exams and go to college. living matter / liviŋ m tə/ n všetko žijúce All living go over / əυiŋ əυvə/ phr v prekontrolova , znova matter is based on carbon atoms. prejs I want to go over my essay once more to ensure there long-term / lɒŋ t m/ adj dlhodobý The long-term are no spelling mistakes. future of the ﬁshing industry is at stake in these talks. go through /went θru / phr v preštudova si I went lungs /l ŋz/ n p¾úca John ﬁlled his lungs with air and dived through your proposal, and I must say I think it‘s excellent. below the surface of the water. healthy / helθi/ adj zdravý You‘ll be glad to know that your major / meid ə/ adj ve¾ký There is a major problem with wife has given birth to a healthy baby boy. parking in London. 28 malaria /mə leəriə/ n malária Your granddad caught pneumonia /nju məυniə/ n zápal p¾úc She was taken malaria when he worked in India in the 1920s. to hospital, suffering from pneumonia. manipulate /mə nipjəleit/ v manipulova He was one of polio / pəυliəυ/ n detská obrna She had never been able those men who manipulated people into doing what he wanted. to walk properly since contracting polio as a child. marathon / m rəθən/ n maratón Roy ran the Boston postpone /pəυs pəυn/ v pozdrža , odloži , Marathon in under three hours. odsunú The match had to be postponed until next week. marvel / mɑ vəl/ n zázrak The bridge over the river at prevent /pri vent/ v predchádza The rules are intended Bristol is an engineering marvel. to prevent accidents. mature /mə tʃυə/ adj vyspelý Laura is very mature for prioritise /prai ɒritaiz/ v uprednostni , rozhodnú her age. sa èo je prvoradé You need to prioritise your social life measles / mi zəlz/ n osýpky Robin has lots of red spots and your studies. all over his chest – do you think it‘s measles? priority /prai ɒritiz/ n priorita My priorities right now are medical / medikəl/ adj medicínsky, lekársky Medical to get a degree and a good job. research into cancer will one day provide a cure. purpose / p pəsiz/ n zámer, úmysel, úèel For the purposes mention / menʃən/ v spomenú Was my name mentioned of the story, let‘s assume that the USA has elected a black President. at all? put off /pυt ɒf/ phr v preloži , odsunú The match has millilitre / milili təz/ n mililiter We need to draw a few been put off until tomorrow because of bad weather. millilitres of blood for testing. radically / r dikli/ adv úplne, radikálne The team is monsters / mɒnstəz/ n strašidlá, príšery The little girl was radically changed from the one that played Manchester United convinced that there were monsters living under her bed. last week. motivated / məυtiveitid/ adj motivovaný The students rank /wəz r ŋkt/ v umiestni sa v rebríèku Last are all highly motivated to learn about the subject. year Morris was ranked 47th in the world; this year he‘s gone multiply / m ltiplai/ v násobi Children will learn to multiply up to 23rd. and divide in the second year. rare /reə/ adj vzácny, ojedinelý This species of plant is muscle / m səl/ n sval Relax your stomach muscles, then becoming increasingly rare. stretch again. regulate / re jəleit/ v regulova , kontrolova There nerve cell / n v sel/ n nervová bunka Pain is communicated are strict rules regulating the use of chemicals in food. from the arm to nerve cells in the brain. related to /ri leitid tə, tυ/ v by vo vz ahu, spojený neuron / njυərɒn/ n neurón Some of the neurons in Are you related to the Doctor Thompson who works in Oncology? the patient‘s brain are not functioning correctly. replacement /ri pleismənt/ n nahradenie Our old car neuroscientists / njυərəυ saiəntists/ n vedci, zaoberajúci is badly in need of replacement. sa mozgom Neuroscientists can foresee the day when surgery repulsive /ri p lsiv/ adj odporný, odpudivý Many will be aided by tiny robots in the body. people ﬁnd slugs repulsive. nevertheless / nevəðə les/ adv avšak, napriek tomu revision /ri vi ən/ n opakovanie I‘m too busy to go out What you said was true. It was, nevertheless, a little unkind. tonight, I have lots of revision to do for my exam tomorrow. not in any circumstances /nɒt in eni s kəmst nsiz, rewarding /ri wɔ diŋ/ adj užitoèný, prospešný -stənsiz/ phr za žiadnych okolností I will not in any Teaching can be a very rewarding career. circumstances approve that idea. rewards /ri wɔ dz/ n odmeny The financial rewards of nurse /n s/ n sestrièka zdravotná The nurse is coming a good job in the City are substantial. to give you an injection for the pain. ribs /ribz/ n rebro The donkey was so thin and hungry that optimism / ɒptimizəm/ n optimizmus Recent results its ribs were showing through the skin. must give some cause for optimism. sickly / sikli/ adj chor¾avý She was always a sickly child, organ / ɔ ən/ n orgán The liver, heart, and other internal and spent a lot of time in hospital. organs are all functioning normally. signals / si nəlz/ n signál, náznak He is still very ill, but outbreak / aυtbreik/ n vypuknutie A cholera outbreak there are signals that we can hope for a full recovery. killed hundreds of people last year. skilful / skilfəl/ adj zruèný, šikovný Henry is the most performance /pə fɔ məns/ n vystúpenie Stern‘s skilful footballer in the Premier League. performance of the Bruch concerto was stunning. skin /skin/ n pokožka, koža She had thick black hair and performance-enhancing /pə fɔ məns in hɑ nsiŋ/ smooth dark skin. adj zvyšujúci výkonnos Some Tour de France riders slow down / sləυ daυn/ phr v spomali Growth in sales have been accused of taking performance-enhancing drugs. has slowed down. pick up / pik p/ phr v nachyta nieèo, získa spine /spain/ n chrbtica Calum was born with something /chorobu/ I think I must have picked up the infection when wrong with his spine, and he can‘t stand straight. staying in that crummy hotel. spirit / spirit/ n duch I‘m 85, but I still feel young in spirit. 29 stamina / st minə/ n výdrž, vytrvalos You need stamina whereas /weər z/ conj zatia¾ èo... The old system was to be a long-distance runner. fairly complicated, whereas the new system is really very simple. stomach / st mək/ n žalúdok He turned round and punched with reservations /wið rezə veiʃənz/ prep phr s výhradami Carlos in the stomach. I will approve your plan, but with reservations; I want to see more structure / str ktʃə/ n štruktúra The structure of the brain ﬁnancial detail. is extremely complex. within /wið in/ prep do /urèitého èasu / We should substance / s bstəns/ n hmota, substancia The leaves have the test results back within 24 hours. were covered with a strange sticky substance. work out / w k aυt/ phr v vypracova UN negotiators suffer from / s fə frəm, frɒm/ v trpie nieèím Fran have worked out a set of compromise proposals. has suffered from asthma since she was little. wouldn’t touch it with a bargepole /wυdnt t tʃ it wið support /sə pɔ t/ v podporova The bill was supported ə bɑ d pəυl/ phr da ruky preè, pretože si myslím, by a large majority in the Senate. že je to zlé, nesprávne If it‘s Jimmy‘s idea, I wouldn‘t touch TB (= tuberculosis) / ti bi / tuberkulóza Doctors it with a bargepole! thought that TB had been eradicated, but it has been appearing wrist /rist/ n zápästie She had a gold watch on her wrist. again in the last few years. write down / rait daυn/ phr v zapísa si This is the address. tetanus / tetənəs/ n tetanus That‘s quite a deep cut – you Do you want to write it down? should get a tetanus jab. therapy / θerəpi/ n terapia Jack will have to undergo months of therapy before he can walk again. REVIEW threat /θret/ n vyhrážka Your threats don‘t scare me. atmospheres / tməsfiəz/ n atmosféra The planet‘s tissue / tiʃu / n tkanivo The vet took a tissue sample to see atmosphere is full of methane, so it is unsuitable for human whether there was any evidence of cancer. life. totally off the map / təυtl i ɒf ðə m p/ phr na samote, breed /həd nɒt bred/ v chova /zvieratá / We have bred ïaleko od všetkého Ken lives in this remote village chocolate labradors for twenty years at this farm. somewhere in Africa that‘s totally off the map. bug /b / n viróza I picked up a bug last weekend, and felt track and field / tr k ən fi ld/ n atletika, atletické really ill for days. disciplíny The pentathlon tests a range of track and commands /kə mɑ ndz/ n rozkazy The software already field skills. exists that will allow you to give voice commands to your transformation / tr nsfə meiʃən/ n premena, computer. transformácia In recent years, the movie industry has consistency /kən sistənsi/ n jednotnos , zjednotenie undergone a dramatic transformation. Consumer groups are demanding greater consistency in the labelling transplant / tr nsplɑ nt/ n transplantácia Your of food products. husband needs heart transplant surgery. crash into / kr ʃt intə, intυ/ phr v narazi , nabúra treatment / tri tmənt/ n lieèba There have been great The lorry‘s brakes failed, and it crashed into a low wall and two advances in the treatment of cancer. parked cars. tumble /həv t mbəld/ v padnú At least ﬁve world records crops /krɒps/ n úroda Crops have failed over the last two have tumbled in the ﬁrst day of the Olympic competition. years, and the people are starving. undergo / ndə əυ/ v podstúpi The country has dinosaurs / dainəsɔ z/ n dinosaury Debate continues undergone massive changes recently. on the reason why the dinosaurs died out. underline / ndə lainz/ v zvýrazni , podtrhnú guns / nz/ n zbrane Do you think the British police should The fact that the Queen opened the building underlined carry guns, or not? the importance of the new venture. headache / hedeik/ n boles hlavy I had a really bad underweight / ndə weit/ adj majúci menšiu headache, and couldn‘t go to work. hmotnos ako zvyèajne Women who smoke risk giving cholera / kɒlərə/ n cholera A cholera outbreak killed hundreds birth to underweight babies. of people last year. unequivocally / ni kwivəkli/ adv jednoznaèný, jasný, impulses / imp lsiz/ n impulzy Scientists are studying nesporný I can‘t unequivocally say that he will recover the electrical impulses coming from space. completely, but his chances are good. in advance /in əd vɑ ns/ prep phr v predstihu We paid unit / ju nit/ n jednotka, oddelenie The man is in in advance for our tickets, and saved 10 per cent on the price. the hospital‘s intensive care unit. jaw /d ɔ / n sánka He suffered a broken jaw and two unnatural / n n tʃərəl/ adj neprirodzený It was very cracked ribs in the ﬁght. cold, which seemed unnatural for late spring. lay out flat / leid aυt fl t/ phr položi horizontálne vaccine / v ksi n/ n vakcína The invention of a polio vaccine a vystrie The material was laid out ﬂat to dry on special saved many lives. frames called ‚tenters‘. 30 lift /lift/ n vý ah They took the lift down to the lobby of the hotel. massacred / m səkəd/ v zmasakrovaný General Custer‘s lightbulbs / laitb lbz/ n žiarovky Both the lightbulbs in forces were massacred by the Sioux. the living room have gone out, leaving us in the dark. misguided /mis aidid/ adj chybný, založený na omyle nerves /n vz/ n nervy The nerves in his arm took some He described the government‘s economic policy as misguided. time to recover after the accident. missile / misailz/ n strela One of the missiles fired at program / prəυ r m/ v programova Attempts to program the ship scored a direct hit on the bow. computers to produce and understand speech are continuing. native Americans / neitiv ə merikənz/ n pôvodní range /reind / n škála, množstvo The company offers obyvatelia Ameriky Native Americans were forced to live a range of services including TV, telephone and broadband. in camps in small areas of the country. resist /ri zist/ v odola I just can‘t resist chocolate. negotiate /ni əυʃieit/ v vyjednáva The government rockets / rɒkits/ n raketa At ﬁrst, none of the rockets ﬁred refuses to negotiate with terrorists. into space had anyone on them. outrun /həz aυt r n/ v predbehnú The prisoners have round /raυnd/ n kolo A third round of peace talks will be held outrun their pursuers and escaped. next month. prohibition / prəυhi biʃən/ n prohibícia This old man software engineer / sɒftweə end i niə/ n programátor used to sell illegal alcohol in Chicago during Prohibition. softvérový Larry works as a software engineer for IBM. railway / reilwei/ n železnica You can now check your stitches / stitʃiz/ n stehy Ben cut himself on a glass, and e-mail while travelling on a railway train at 125 miles per hour! had to have six stitches in his hand. slave /sleiv/ n otrok His great-grandfather was a slave in suspicion /sə spiʃən/ n podozrenie I can‘t say for deﬁnite the American south. who did it, but I certainly have my suspicions. spiritual / spiritʃuəl/ adj duchovný, spirituálny Painting the tropics /ðə trɒpiks/ n trópy, tropické oblasti You helps ﬁll a spiritual need for beauty. must put on sun screen if you go out in the sun in the tropics. stock exchange / stɒk iks tʃeind / n burza/akcií, unconscious / n kɒnʃəs/ n v bezvedomý She was found cenných papierov, ../ Trading on the stock exchange alive but unconscious. has been exceptionally slow today. vegetarians / ved ə teəriənz/ n vegetariáni Vegetarians trans-continental / tr nz kɒnti nentl/ adj spájajúca sometimes need to take vitamin supplements to replace things jeden koniec kontinentu s druhým The trans- missing from their diet. continental railroad was built with the help of thousands of was wounded /wəz wu ndid/ v bol poranený Chinese labourers. Nelson was badly wounded at the battle of Trafalgar. wheel /wi l/ n koleso The car slid sideways, its rear wheels spinning. MODULE 7 Journeys wouldn’t have evolved / wυdnt həv i vɒlvd/ v accelerate /ək seləreitiŋ/ v pridáva When the car shot nevyvinuli sa poèas evolúcie, nezmenili sa pod over the edge of the cliff it was still accelerating. vplyvom evolúcie If its living conditions had not changed, advertisement /əd v tismənt/ n reklama The Sunday the animal would not have evolved in the way it has. papers are full of advertisements for cars. affirmative /ə f mətiv/ adj súhlasný My request was CULTURE CORNER answered by an afﬁrmative nod of his head. alarming /ə lɑ miŋ/ adj alarmujúci There has been assure /ə ʃυə/ v uisti Her doctor has assured us that an alarming increase in violent crime in the city. she‘ll be ﬁne. am looking forward to /m lυkiŋ fɔ wəd tə, tυ/ phr v civil war / sivəl wɔ / n obèianska vojna It‘s a famous teši sa na.. I‘m looking forward to getting home and sinking photograph of a soldier being shot in the Spanish civil war. into a nice hot bath. collapse /kə l ps/ n pád, kolaps The collapse of the Soviet apart from /ə pɑ t frəm/ prep phr okrem, až na... We Union was caused by a number of factors. didn‘t see anyone all day, apart from a couple of kids on declaration / deklə reiʃən/ n deklarácia The American the beach. Declaration of Independence was signed in this room. apprehensive / pri hensiv/ adj nervózny, defeated /di fi tid/ v porazený He looked lost and defeated obávajúci sa We‘d been a little apprehensive about their when they rejected his plan. visit, but it was ﬁne. freedom / fri dəm/ n sloboda People here like their freedom arduous / ɑ djuəs/ adj nároèný, namáhavý We began and privacy. the arduous task of loading all the boxes into the van. gold rush / əυld r ʃ/ n zlatá horúèka The gold rush occurred argument / ɑ jəmənt/ n hádka I broke the vase during when gold was ﬁrst discovered in the mountains of California. an argument with my husband. leap /li p/ n skok He threw a stick into the river and the dog architecture / ɑ kitektʃə/ n architektúra The architecture went after it with a ﬂying leap. of Venice is one of its chief attractions to tourists. 31 as long as /əz lɒŋ əz/ conj pokia¾ As long as you bring certainty / s tnti/ n istota She knew with absolute the money in tomorrow, we‘ll keep your place for you. certainty that he‘d say no. at least /ət li st/ prep phr najmenej, prinajmenšom city limits / limits/ n okraj mesta, koniec mesta As It‘s at least 20 kilometres from here to the river. soon as you reach the city limits, you‘re in open countryside. available /ə veiləbəl/ adj by prístupný, k dostaniu claim / kleimiŋ/ v vyhlási The explorers planted their Tickets are available from the box ofﬁce. ﬂag and claimed the land for France. backpack / b kp k/ n cestova len s ruksakom na climate / klaiməts/ n klíma, podnebie Some animals chrbte Zak and his girlfriend backpacked around Asia for three are capable of adjusting to a variety of climates. months. cling /kl ŋ/ v lipnú na She‘s clinging to the hope that they baggage / b id / n batožina Check your baggage in at will soon be rescued. the airline‘s ticket desk. companion /kəm p njən/ n spoloèník For ten years balloon /bə lu n/ n balón We‘ll have to be up early in he had been her constant companion. the morning because the balloon ﬂight is at 6 am. compartment /kəm pɑ tmənt/ n oddelenie The bag ballooning /bə lu niŋ/ n lietanie balónom Uncle Nick‘s is divided into separate compartments. latest hobby is ballooning. consequently / kɒnsikwəntli/ adv následne Most bank /b ŋk/ n breh rieky These birds make their nests in computer users don‘t receive any keyboard training. Consequently, holes in the river bank. their skills are poor. barely / beəli/ adv sotva She was very old and barely able constantly / kɒnstəntli/ adv neustále He talked to walk. constantly about his work, and I couldn‘t get a word in. barren / b rən/ adj neúrodný Thousands of years ago contrary to / kɒntrəri tə, tυ/ phr napriek... Contrary to the land was barren desert. popular belief, Elvis Presley is dead! bend /bend/ n zákruta The car came round the bend at convenient /kən vi niənt/ adj výhodný, vyhovujúci a terrifying speed. Mail-order catalogues are a convenient way to shop. bike /baik/ n bicykel Let‘s go for a bike ride. cough /kɒf/ n zakašlanie Stuart gave an embarrassed biochemist / baiəυ kemist/ n biochemik Paul works cough. as a biochemist in the Pﬁzer labs in Basel. courageous /kə reid əs/ adj odvážny He was wrong, blazing / bleiziŋ/ adj horúci It was a blazing August and courageous enough to admit it. afternoon, and all I wanted to do was sleep. course of action /kɔ s/ n jednotlivé kroky, èiny book /bυk/ v objedna si, vopred zaisti Have you What course of action are you going to take over this breach booked a holiday this year? of discipline? bound / baυndiŋ/ v skáka , vyskoèi The dogs were crash /kr ʃ/ n havária 41 people were killed in the plane bounding across the beach and into the water as soon as they crash. got out of the car. crowded / kraυdid/ adj plný, preplnený /¾uïmi/ break down / brəυkən daυn/ phr v preruši , zlomi Their eyes met across a crowded room, and from then on they Talks between the two rival groups have broken down. were never apart. breathtaking / breθ teikiŋ/ adj dych vyrážajúci The view cruise /kru z/ n plavba A Mediterranean cruise is my idea from my bedroom window was absolutely breathtaking. of a truly boring holiday. breed /bri d/ v rozmnožova sa Eagles breed during cultural / k ltʃərəl/ adj kultúrny The author describes the cooler months of the year. the very real historical and cultural differences between our brochure / brəυʃə, ʃυə/ n brožúra Get some holiday two societies. brochures and we‘ll decide where we‘re going this year. cylinder / silində/ n valec /v motore/ The care has a large, bustling / b səliŋ/ adj hemžiaci sa The ﬂower market was powerful eight-cylinder engine. bustling with shoppers. daunted / dɔ ntid/ adj sk¾úèený, vystrašený Vinnie butterflies / b təflaiz/ n motýle These bushes are very looked daunted by the scale of the task in front of him. attractive to butterﬂies in the summer. daunting / dɔ ntiŋ/ adj zastrašujúci, sk¾uèujúci camp bed / k mp bed/ n rozkladacie ležadlo All The trip seemed rather daunting for a young girl. the beds are taken, but you can have either the sofa or dawn /dɔ n/ n brieždenie The boats set off at dawn to make the camp bed in the back room. the most of the daylight hours. can‘t stand / kɑ nt st nd/ phr nemôc znies , decisive /di saisiv/ adj rozhodujúci Women can play vystá ... I can‘t stand people who talk about themselves for a decisive role in the debate over cloning. hours on end. deep-sea diving / di p si daiviŋ/ n håbkové potápanie catch up with / k tʃ p wið, wiθ/ phr v dohoni , dosta Chloe went deep-sea diving on her holiday in Australia. sa na rovnakú úroveò It took six years for the law to catch defeat /di fi t/ n porážka She was a woman who hated up with them. to admit defeat. 32 delay /di lei/ n oneskorenie, meškanie Sorry for form /fɔ m/ n formulár I can‘t understand half of the questions the delay, Mr Weaver. We won‘t keep you waiting much longer. on this form. delicious /di liʃəs/ adj chutný, lahodný ‚The meal was free of charge / fri əv tʃɑ d / phr bezplatne The lectures absolutely delicious,‘ she said politely. are free of charge to anyone who wants to come along. departure /di pɑ tʃə/ n odjazd, odchod I saw Simon freezes over / fri ziz əυvə/ phr v celkovo zamrznú shortly before his departure for Russia. This lake never completely freezes over, as it‘s too deep in the middle. desperation / despə reiʃən/ n zúfalstvo A look of desperation frustration /fr streiʃən/ n frustrácia People often feel crossed his face as he went under the water again. a sense of frustration that they are not being promoted quickly disagreeable / disə ri əbəl/ adj nepríjemný It‘s enough. a disagreeable job, cleaning up after motorway accidents. generation / d enə reiʃən/ n generácia Like most of distribute /di stribjυtid/ adj distribuova , roznies , my generation, I had never known a war. rozosla Most magazines in the UK are distributed by W H get in touch with / et in t tʃ wið, wiθ/ phr Smith. skontaktova sa We must get in touch with John and Mary to dive /daiv/ v ponori sa She dived into the swimming pool ﬁnd out when they‘re coming. and swam to the other end. give up / iv p/ phr v vzda sa Darren has decided to give downpour / daυnpɔ / n lejak We were caught in a downpour up football at the end of this season. after the game, and got thoroughly soaked. go off / əυ ɒf/ phr v odís , utiec John decided to go off dramatic /drə m tik/ adj dramatický Computers have on his own, leaving the others behind. brought dramatic changes to the workplace. gradually / r d uəli/ adv postupne Jill gradually became drift / driftid/ v unáša vetrom The boat drifted for miles aware of an awful smell. before they saw any sign of land. gratitude / r titju d/ n vïaka Tears of gratitude ﬁlled dwelling / dweliŋ/ n obydlie The inhabitants have constructed her eyes. temporary dwellings from whatever bits and pieces they could guaranteed /kən bi rən ti d/ adj zaruèený A good ﬁnd. salary can be guaranteed if you work hard and sell lots of ecologists /i kɒləd ists/ n ekológovia Ecologists are products. worried about the survival of many species of animal and plant. heal / wυdnt hi l/ v lieèi , vylieèi One of her injuries elegant / eli ənt/ adj elegantný A tall, elegant young wouldn‘t heal, no matter what the doctors tried. woman strode conﬁdently over to our table. health insurance / helθ in ʃυərəns/ n zdravotné emerge /i m d d/ v objavi sa, vynori sa The pilot poistenie The company provides its employees with free emerged from the damaged plane in a state of shock. health insurance and a car. en suite /ɒn swi t/ n vlastnú kúpe¾òu Each room has herd /h dz/ n stádo The ﬁlm showed herds of wildebeest an en suite bathroom and a balcony. roaming across the Serengeti plain. except if /ik sept if/ conj okrem toho, ... The cost is £1000, hillside / hilsaid/ n úboèie kopca Their house is halfway except if you want an outside cabin, in which case it‘s £1200. up a beautiful hillside in the west of Provence. excursion /ik sk ʃən/ n exkurzia Included in the tour is historic /hi stɒrik/ adj historický It‘s a TV programme an excursion to the Grand Canyon. about the restoration of historic buildings. exhausted /i zɔ stid/ adj vyèerpaný You look absolutely hitch a lift / hitʃ ə lift/ v phr stopnú niekoho, aby ho exhausted.‘ ‚I am, I‘ve been up all night.‘ vzal /odviezol... He was standing by the side of the road, exotic /i zɒtik/ adj exotický The zoo contains many rare trying to hitch a lift to Southampton. and exotic birds from all over the world. hitchhiking / hitʃhaikiŋ/ n stopovanie Hitchhiking is extinct /ik stiŋkt/ adj vyhynutý Dinosaurs have been used much less nowadays as a way of travelling in Britain. extinct for millions of years. honest / ɒnəst/ adj èestný He was a hard-working, honest man. extracts / ekstr kts/ n úryvok, výòatok At the end of hugely / hju d li/ adv obrovský Kim was hugely relieved the book there is an extract from the author‘s next novel. to see that her brother was unharmed. fauna / fɔ nə/ n živoèíšstvo Darwin described the fauna hunt / h ntiŋ/ v lovi The men have gone out hunting for of the island in great detail. wild boar. fill in / fil in/ phr v vyplni Don‘t forget to ﬁll in the form that I don’t mind /ai dəυnt maind/ phr je mi to jedno tells us where you are staying. Would you like a cake or a biscuit?‘ ‚Either, I don‘t mind.‘ fishing hook / fiʃiŋ hυks/ n rybársky háèik The swan icon / aikɒn/ n ikona Richard Burton was an icon for stage had been injured by ﬁshing hooks and line left behind by careless and ﬁlm actors everywhere. anglers. ideal / ai diəl/ adj ideálny We‘ll give you good advice on how flight /flait/ n let He immediately booked a ﬂight to Toulouse. to reach your ideal weight. flora / flɔ rə/ n rastlinstvo Tourism is damaging the ﬂora if possible /if pɒsəbəl/ conj ak je to možné If possible, and fauna of the island. I‘d like to go home an hour early on Thursday. 33 include /in klu dz/ v zahàòa , obsahova The fare mosquito net /mə ski təυ net/ n sie ka proti komárom includes hotel accommodation and meals for seven days and Put up your mosquito net or you‘ll be eaten alive in the middle nights. of the night! indicate / indikeit/ v naznaèova , indikova motorbike / məυtəbaik/ n motorka Motorbikes aren‘t Research indicates that over 81% of teachers are dissatisﬁed dangerous, it‘s the people who ride them. with their salary. motorcycle / məυtə saikəl/ n motocykel Ewan is inexperienced / inik spiəriənst/ adj neskúsený attempting to cross Australia on a motorbike. Inexperienced pilots crashed two aircraft in a week. native / neitiv/ adj rodný They never saw their native it can‘t be helped /it kɑ nt bi helpt/ phr nedá sa land again. pomôc I‘m sorry, I‘m too ill to come in to work.‘ ‚That‘s OK, nightlife / naitlaif/ n noèný život The hotel is only a ﬁve- it can‘t be helped. Get well soon.‘ minute walk from both the beach and the nightlife. it‘s no use /its nəυ ju s/ phr je to bezvýznamné nod /nɒd/ n kývnutie The woman showed her recognition It‘s no use complaining about the buses, it doesn‘t make them with a nod of the head. come any quicker. observation dome / ɒbzə veiʃən dəυm/ n pozorovate¾òa it‘s worth /its w θ/ phr stojí to za to It‘s probably worth From your seat in the observation dome you will get a fantastic asking at the garage whether anyone remembers seeing him. view of the Canadian mountain scenery. jar /d ɑ / n pohár na zaváraninu My dad remembers on my own / ɒn mai əυn/ prep phr sám, sama She taking jam jars back to the corner shop and getting money went to Paris on her own, and had a brilliant time. for them. onwards / ɒnwədz/ adv od.... From the 1980s onwards journey / d ni/ n cesta My journey to China took me the industry was in sharp decline. through Russia and India, among other countries. orbit / ɔ bit/ n dráha In mathematical terms, describe joy /d ɔi/ n rados The look of joy on her face was a reward the Moon‘s orbit around the Earth. in itself. orbital road / ɔ bitl/ adj obchvat mesta They call it keep to / ki p tə, tυ/ phr v drža sa..., zosta na... It‘s an orbital road because it goes all the way round the city. best to keep to the paths because the cliffs are very steep. package tour / p kid tυə/ n dovolenka so všetkým last /lɑ sts/ v trva Daylight lasts for 24 hours at certain okrem stravy Hotel, ﬂights and accommodation are included times of the year. in the price of the package tour, but not food. lay their eggs / lei ðeər e z/ v phr znie vajíèka painful / peinfəl/ adj bolestivý He sobbed as he recalled Turtles lay their eggs high up on the beach in the middle of the painful memory. the night. passenger / p sind ə/ n pasažier Neither the driver legal / li əl/ adj legálny, zákonný What the company nor the passengers were hurt. has done is perfectly legal. peacefully / pi sfəli/ adv k¾udne, pokojne He died lift, give a lift /lift/ n vý ah, odviez niekoho niekam peacefully in his sleep at the age of 96. Can you give me a lift to the post ofﬁce when you go into town? pick sb up / pik mi p/ phr v vyzdvihnú niekoho I‘ll loyal / lɔiəl/ adj lojálny, naklonený The army has remained pick you up from the airport when your ﬂight arrives. loyal to the government. placid / pl sid/ adj k¾udný, mierumilovný A large, made-to-measure / meid tə me ə/ adj vyrobený na placid dog was sitting on the grass wagging its tail at me. mieru Eric couldn‘t ﬁnd an off-the-peg suit to ﬁt him, so he plankton / pl ŋktən/ n planktón Whales eat huge bought a made-to-measure one instead. quantities of plankton every day. make an effort to / meik ən efət tə/ v phr da si tú poisonous / pɔizənəs/ adj jedovatý Some mushrooms námahu... I‘m going to make an effort to get up early this are extremely poisonous. week and get in to work before 8 o‘clock. polar / pəυlə/ adj polárny As our climate warms up, the polar make up for /meik p fə, fɔ / phr v vynahradi , ice caps will begin to melt. kompenzova The team will be anxious to make up for precious / preʃəs/ adj vzácny We cannot afford to waste a disappointing start to the season. precious time. melting-pot / meltiŋ pɒt/ adj miesto, kde žijú ¾udia prizes / praiziz/ n ceny, ocenenia At school, Julie got rôznych rás a kultúr The USA has often been referred several prizes for her essays. to as ‚the melting-pot of civilisation‘. promising / prɒmisiŋ/ adj s¾ubný Jo has a promising midstream / mid stri m/ n stred They had to drop career in law if she studies hard and passes her bar exams. the experiment in midstream. provided that /prə vaidid ðət/ conj za predpokladu... migrate /mai reitiŋ/ v s ahova sa, migrova Thousands We will keep your tickets for you, provided that you collect them of geese migrating for the winter stop at this lake for a rest. at least 30 minutes before the performance. mosquito /mə ski təυz/ n komár If you plug this into raft /rɑ ft/ n raft, pl The shipwrecked crew tried to make a raft the wall, the smell will keep the mosquitoes away. by lashing some tree trunks together. 34 rail /reil/ n železnica The American rail system caters mainly snow-capped / snəυ k pt/ adj snehom pokryté for freight and not passengers. konèiare Snow-capped mountains surround this hotel high ranch /rɑ ntʃ/ n ranè, statok, farma Uncle Bob emigrated in the Alps. to New Zealand, and he now runs a sheep ranch on South souvenir / su və niə, su vəniə/ n suvenír I bought Island. a model of the Eiffel Tower as a souvenir of Paris. regret /ri retid/ v ¾utova As soon as he said it, he regretted space suit / speis su t, sju t/ n skafander Dad, how his remarks. do you go to the bathroom in a space suit? reindeer / reindiə/ n sob The story is that Santa Claus spin over / spiniŋ əυvə/ phr v pretoèi sa ponad rides in a sleigh pulled by reindeer. The boy crashed his bike into the wall and was sent spinning reservations / rezə veiʃənz/ n rezervácia Peter has over the handlebars. made reservations at an Indian restaurant for Tuesday evening spoilt /spɔilt/ adj rozmaznaný His parents give him at 7. everything he wants, so he‘s spoilt and immature. revolutionary / revə lu ʃənəri/ adj revoluèný, prevratný stay over / stei əυvə/ phr v zosta cez noc You‘re The new cancer drug is a revolutionary breakthrough. welcome to stay over for a few days if you have the time. risk /risk/ v riskova When children start smoking, they stop off / stɒp ɒf/ phr v zastavi sa, urobi krátku don‘t realise that they‘re risking their health. návštevu poèas cesty We can stop off and see you on row / rəυiŋ/ v veslova She made her name by rowing our way back from Brighton. across the Atlantic single-handed. stream /stri mz/ n prameò We were able to drink clear, sand /s nd/ n piesok Concrete is made from a mixture of cool water from the mountain streams. sand and cement, water and small stones. submarine / s bməri n/ n ponorka There was an accident sand dunes / s nd dju nz/ n piesoèné duny The sand in the nuclear submarine. dunes are constantly shifting and changing shape in the wind. sum /s m/ n suma He owes me a large sum of money. scarcely / skeəsli/ adv sotva, takmer nie The city had surface / s fəs/ n povrch, hladina Dead leaves ﬂoated scarcely changed in 20 years. on the surface of the water. scars /skɑ z/ n jazvy Jack still had the scars on his knees survive /sə vaiv/ v preži Only 12 of the 140 passengers from when he fell off his bike. survived. scenery / si nəri/ n scenéria, poh¾ad vôkol The best tail /teil/ n chvost The dog wagged its tail when its owner part of the trip was the fantastic scenery. came out of the shop. scorch /skɔ tʃt/ v ohorie Flames from the burning car tail lights / teil laits/ n koncové svetlá na aute The fog had scorched the side of the van. was so dense all I could do was follow the tail lights of the car in front. sea voyage / si vɔi id / n cesta po mori The sea take command of / tυk kə mɑ nd əv, ɒv/ v phr prebra voyage from the UK to America used to take weeks. velenie nad... General Norman took command today of the British seek shelter / si k ʃeltə/ v phr h¾ada prístrešok, troops in Northern Ireland. skrýšu The travellers sought shelter from the storm in an inn task /tɑ sk/ n úloha The task of the union representative is along the way. to ﬁght on behalf of the members. semi-hibernate / semi haibəneit/ v polospa , napoly teeming / ti miŋ/ adj hemžiaci sa, prekypujúci.. hybernova These creatures survive the winter by semi- The teeming streets of Calcutta are quite a shock for tourists. hibernating, only coming out occasionally for food. temperate / tempərət/ adj mierny Britain is fortunate to separate / sepəreitid/ v odlúèi We‘ve been separated have a temperate climate, so it seldom gets extremes of heat for six months. or cold. set off / set ɒf/ phr v vyrazi /na cestu/ I‘ll set off early terracotta / terə kɒtə/ n tehlová, hnedo èervená It‘s to avoid the trafﬁc. very fashionable to use terracotta tiles on your kitchen ﬂoor. set out on / set aυt ɒn/ phr v vyda sa na cestu there‘s no point in /ðeəz nəυ pɔint in/ phr nie je The settlers packed up their belongings and set out on their dôvod na.... There‘s no point in blaming yourself – you had journey to the west coast. nothing to do with the accident. school outing / sku l aυtiŋ/ n školský zájazd, akcia thumb /θ mz/ n palec na ruke Prisoners were sometimes Can I go on the school outing to see ‚Cats‘? It will cost £25. tortured by hanging them up by their thumbs. sight /sait/ n poh¾ad Yvonne was overwhelmed at the sight timetable / taim teibəl/ n rozvrh The Council has set of the thousands of people in the square. out a timetable for returning to civilian rule. sightseeing / sait si iŋ/ n návšteva historických to reserve /tə ri z v/ v zarezervova si Duncan has pamiatok She swam and sunbathed, went sightseeing reserved a table at Chez Louis for Tuesday evening at 7. and relaxed. tour guide / tυə aid/ n turistický sprievodca Louise snail-like / sneil laik/ adj slimaèí Trafﬁc was making worked as a tour guide for American students in Europe on snail-like progress towards the city centre. educational courses. 35 track /tr k/ n úzky chodník The road leading to the farm MODULE 8 Global Issues was little more than a dirt track. trainee / trei ni / n nováèik, zaèínajúci a uèiaci sa accelerate /wil ək seləreit/ v prida rýchlos How fast The trainees start next week, and one will be allocated to each will the car accelerate?‘ I asked the salesman. experienced sales person. according to /ə kɔ diŋ tə/ prep phr pod¾a According to training / treiniŋ/ n tréning, školenie On the course the police, his attackers beat him with a blunt instrument. we received training in every aspect of the job. accusation / kjə zeiʃən/ n obvinenie A number of serious travel / tr vəl/ n cestovanie The new job involves a fair accusations have been made against her. amount of travel. accuse /ə kju z/ v obvini He was accused of murder. trekking holiday / trekiŋ/ v prázdniny strávené active / ktiv/ adj aktívny At summer camp there are lots turistikou Alan is going on a trekking holiday in the Himalayas of games for active youngsters. this year. admit /əd mitid/ v pripusti When asked directly if he trip /trip/ n výlet Did you enjoy your trip to Disneyland? had broken the window, the boy admitted he had. triumph / traiəmf/ n triumf Winning the championship is advise /əd vaiz/ v poradi She needed someone to advise a great personal triumph. her. tropical / trɒpikəl/ adj tropický The tropical rainforests affect /həz ə fektid/ v ovplyvni The death of her mother are being destroyed by industry and climate change. has affected her deeply. trucks /tr ks/ n nákladné autá Trucks are banned from agreement /ə ri mənt/ n dohoda After much arguing, the Swiss motorways at weekends. they eventually came to a mutual agreement turbulent / t bjələnt/ adj nestály, podliehajúci agricultural / ri k ltʃərəl/ adj po¾nohospodársky zmenám The novel is set in the turbulent times of the French Sally went to agricultural college to study farming methods. Revolution. aid /eid/ n pomoc Foreign aid from many countries poured turmoil / t mɔil/ n nezhody, zmätok, The prospect of into the famine area. another week of political turmoil ﬁlls me with glee! announce /ə naυnst/ v oznámi They announced their turtles / t təlz/ n korytnaèky Pi survived by capturing engagement at her birthday party. and eating turtles when they came up to the lifeboat. appeal /ə pi l/ n požiadavka The police have issued a new unscathed / n skeiðd/ adj nezranený, nepoškodený appeal for information. He escaped unscathed from the accident – not a scratch on him. archipelago / ɑ ki pelə əυ/ n súostrovie We hired unsealed / nsi ld/ adj nezapeèatený, neuzavretý a boat and sailed round the archipelago, visiting each island We sent up clouds of dust from the unsealed roads as we in turn. drove along. armed conflict / ɑ md kɒnflikt/ n vojnový konflikt, vegetation / ved ə teiʃən/ n vegetácia, rastlinstvo ozbrojený konflikt There was armed conﬂict in the area, Lefkas has an abundance of lush green vegetation. and the UN sent in a peace-keeping corps. victory / viktəri/ n výhra Napoleon‘s military victories as a result /əz ə ri z lt/ conj v dôsledku... As a result have been the subject of many books. of their hasty marriage, they are ﬁnding they have nothing in was trapped /wəz tr pt/ v bol uväznený, zakliesnený common. The driver of the lorry was trapped in his cab for three hours. assist /tυ ə sist/ v pomôc , asistova When the woman website / websait/ n webová stránka For more information fell over, Seth rushed to assist her. on weight loss and healthy eating, visit our website. associate with /iz ə səυʃieitid wið, ə səυsi / v spája whales /weilz/ n ve¾ryby The Japanese have recently s... To me, that perfume is always associated with Kate – she started hunting whales again. never wore anything else. what about / wɒt əbaυt/ phr èo tak.... Is there anything you at a steady rate /ət ə stedi reit/ prep phr rovnomerne, want to do this weekend?‘ ‚What about going to the seaside?‘ na stálej úrovni The crime ﬁgures are falling at a steady whether / weðə/ conj èi Maurice asked me whether I needed rate. any help. avalanche / vəlɑ ntʃiz/ n lavína The avalanche swept wings /wiŋz/ n krídla You can hear the beating of millions down the mountainside . of wings as the bats come home to roost. average / vərid / adj priemerný The age of the candidates wound /wu nd/ n rana /od gu¾ky alebo noža/ A nurse ranged from 29 to 49, with an average age of 37. cleaned and bandaged the wound. be mugged /bi m d/ n by prepadnutý a okradnutý zero-gravity / ziərəυ r vəti/ n nulová gravitácia He was mugged as he walked along the street. The astronauts trained for the trip in zero-gravity conditions. beg /be / v prosi She begged and pleaded with them until zones /zəυnz/ n oblasti, zóny The tropical zones of the Earth they ﬁnally agreed. are getting wider as the climate hots up. believable /bi li vəbəl/ adj uverite¾ný It was a story with believable characters in it. 36 betting / betiŋ/ n stávkovanie, gamblovanie, decline /di klain/ n pokles There has been a decline in stávka What‘s the betting Dan‘s involved in this somewhere? the size of families. birth certificate /sə tifikət/ n rodný list I couldn‘t ﬁnd definite / definət/ adj koneèný, definitívny It‘s impossible my birth certiﬁcate anywhere! for me to give you a deﬁnite answer. boast /bəυst/ v chvasta sa ‚I wouldn‘t be afraid,‘ she boasted. deforestation /di fɒrə steiʃən/ n odlesòovanie burglars / b ləz/ n vlamaè, zlodej The burglars had Man alone is responsible for the deforestation of the tropics. got in through the back door. defuse / di fju z/ v zmierni Beth‘s quiet voice helped cancel / k nsəld/ v zruši , pozastavi When their team to defuse the situation. were relegated from the Premier League, a few supporters dehydration / di hai dreiʃən/ n dehydratácia The survivors cancelled their season tickets. hadn‘t had enough water to drink and were suffering from capital / k pitl/ n hlavné mesto Washington DC is dehydration. the capital of the United States. denied /di naid/ v poprie He denied the charge of being carbon emissions / kɑ bən i miʃənz/ n emisie uhlíka drunk in charge of a motor vehicle. The earth is getting warmer, and will continue to do so unless we destination / desti neiʃənz/ n cie¾ cesty The train cut down on carbon emissions. destinations were displayed on a board above our heads. carbon-based / kɑ bən beist/ adj uhlíkový, majúci destruction /di str kʃən/ n znièenie, deštrukcia uhlíkový základ The ‚greenhouse‘ effect is caused by Timber companies are responsible for the destruction of carbon-based gases. the rainforest. celebrity /sə lebrəti/ n celebrita David Beckham is a famous devastation / devə steiʃən/ n znièenie, devastácia sporting celebrity. The earthquakes left such scenes of devastation that grown central heating / sentrəl hi tiŋ/ n ústredné kúrenie men cried. When the central heating boiler broke down, we had no hot dining car / dainiŋ kɑ / n reštauraèný vozeò We had water. dinner in the dining car on the train back. claimed /kleimd/ v vyhlási The aircraft pilots claimed to disastrous /di zɑ strəs/ adj strašný She had a disastrous have seen a UFO while ﬂying over the Paciﬁc. ﬁrst marriage and vowed never to marry again. claimed /kleimd/ v vyžiada si The hurricane claimed discriminate /di skrimineit/ v diskriminova Under thousands of lives. federal law, it is illegal to discriminate against minorities and CO2 / si əυ tu / n oxid uhlièitý The USA produces 24% women. of the world‘s CO2 emissions. discrimination /di skrimə neiʃən/ n diskriminácia coal industry / kəυl indəstri/ n uho¾ný priemysel The government passed new laws to prevent sexual The coal industry in Great Britain has all but disappeared. discrimination. complain /kəm plein/ v s ažova sa Residents are downgrade / daυn reid/ v podceòova Police often complaining because traffic in the area has increased. downgrade the seriousness of violence against women in concern /kən s n/ n záujem, záležitos The recent the home. rise in crime is a matter of considerable public concern. downhill / daυn hil/ adv dole kopcom I was going construction /kən str kʃən/ n stavba, konštrukcia downhill and my brakes failed. The construction of a new airport was needed, but there was downstream / daυn stri m/ adv dole prúdom We could disagreement about where it should be built. see a boat drifting downstream. corporation / kɔ pə reiʃən/ n korporácia, ve¾ká droughts /draυts/ n suchá, obdobie sucha During spoloènos He works for a large American corporation. the drought we had to use standpipes. credit / kredit lainz/ n pôžièka The UN threatened to cut credit dump /d mp/ v ledabolo položi Merrill dumped her lines to countries which didn‘t reduce carbon dioxide emissions. suitcase down in the hall. cut down /tə k t/ v zníži Mum started turning off the central dust /d st/ n prach The house had been unused for some heating more often to cut down on energy use. time, and all the furniture was covered in dust. cut down / k t daυn/ phr v redukova , zníži Installing earthquakes / θkweiks/ n zemetrasenia Most of double glazing will cut down the noise from trafﬁc. the houses in the village were destroyed by the earthquake. cut off / k t ɒf/ phr v odreza One of his ﬁngers was cut economic / ekə nɒmik, i / adj ekonomický off in the accident. Economic growth is slow, but will pick up later in the year. cycle / saikəlz/ n cyklus, obdobie Some people think employment /im plɔimənt/ n zamestnanie She was that global warming is part of a natural weather cycle. offered employment in the sales ofﬁce. cyclones / saikləυnz/ n cyklóny The cyclone ripped the roof end /end/ v skonèi World War II ended in 1945. off the houses. environmental /in vairən mentl/ adj environmentálny declared /di kleəd/ v vyhlási , deklarova They have Most people are unaware of the environmental damage caused by declared their intention to increase taxes. the chemical industry. 37 erupt /i r pt/ v vybuchnú , Violence erupted after police global / ləυbəl/ adj globálny Some people still deny that shot a student during the demonstration. humans are responsible for global climate change. escape /i skeip/ v uniknú , ujs He broke down the locked global warming / ləυbəl wɔ miŋ/ n globálne otep¾ovanie door and escaped. In order to stop global warming, we have to cut down on carbon evaporation /i v pə reiʃən/ n vyparovanie The rate of emissions. evaporation was higher than I‘d anticipated, and we soon ran out GNP (gross national product) / d i en pi / n hrubý of water. domáci produkt The GNP of some third world countries is exclaim /ik skleim/ v vykríknu ‚No!‘ she exclaimed in shock. abysmally low. expenses /ik spensiz/ n výdavky The tax inspector said government / vəmənt, vənmənt/ n vláda that some of the expenses I had claimed were invalid. The government are planning further cuts in public spending. exploit /ik splɔit/ v využíva , zneužíva Homeworkers growth / rəυθ/ n rast, nárast We‘ve seen enormous can easily be exploited by employers. growth in the number of businesses using the web. exploitation / eksplɔi teiʃən/ n využívanie, zneužívanie, habitat / h bit ts/ n prirodzené prostredie The Arctic vykoris ovanie The film industry thrives on the sexual is the polar bear‘s natural habitat. exploitation of women. had not met its targets /həd nɒt met its tɑ its/ v exports / ekspɔ ts/ n vývoz, export This year, exports phr nedosiahol stanovený cie¾, úroveò The company exceeded imports. had not met its target for the year so no bonuses were paid. extinction /ik stiŋkʃən/ n vyhynutie The Giant Panda harem / hɑ rim, hɑ ri m/ n hárem The women lived in is in danger of extinction. the harem, guarded by a eunuch. factor / f ktə/ n faktor The rise in crime is mainly due to harmful / hɑ mfəl/ adj škodlivý The harmful effects of social and economic factors. smoking have to be indicated on all cigarette packets. factory / f ktəri/ n továreò, závod The owner said has been washed away /həz bi n wɒʃt ə wei/ phr v the factory would have to close down. boli zmietnuté, odplavené All her belongings had been famine / f min/ n hlad, hladomor A severe outbreak of washed away in the ﬂood. potato blight in the 1840s caused the great Irish potato famine. helicopter / helikɒptə/ n helikoptéra The helicopter fancy dress party / f nsi dres pɑ ti/ n oslava v maskách picked up the survivors and ﬂew them to safety. I hadn‘t realised until I got there that it was a fancy dress party! hell and high water / hel ən hai wɔ tə/ phr nech sa fear /wəz fiəd/ v obáva sa It was feared that the missing deje èo chce, aj keby.... I promised to be with her the next passenger had fallen overboard. day come hell or high water. federation / fedə reiʃən/ n federácia Liz is the Chairperson homelessness / həυmləsnəs/ n bezdomovectvo of the National Federation of Women‘s Institutes. Homelessness is a scar on the face of a democratic society. fierce / fiəsə/ adj silný, násilný Fiercer winds were humanity /hju m nəti/ n ¾udstvo We want a clean, forecast for the next day. healthy environment for all humanity. firm /f m/ n firma, podnik She works for an electronics hurricane / h rikənz/ n hurikán We were on holiday in ﬁrm in Swindon. Florida when the hurricane struck. first aid / f st eid/ n prvá pomoc Being given ﬁrst aid hydro-electric / haidrəυ i lektrik/ adj hydro-elektrický at the scene of the accident probably saved his life. There are plans to build large hydro-electric power stations in flooding / fl diŋ/ n záplavy The heavy rain has led to the area. serious ﬂooding in some areas. challenge / tʃ lənd / n výzva The company is ready to floods /fl dz/ n záplavy The weather forecast was for more meet the challenges of the next few years. rain and the possibility of ﬂoods. illiterate /i litərət/ adj neèitate¾ný It was an illiterate letter, for instance /fər instəns/ prep phr napríklad.. full of mistakes. Several of her friends visited her in hospital, for instance Ellie, impersonal /im p sənəl/ adj neosobný Business letters Sadie, William and Jack. do not have to be impersonal and formal. forbid /fə bid/ v zakáza , nepovoli He was forbidden in need of /in ni d əv, ɒv/ prep phr potrebova , ma potrebu to leave the house, as a punishment. The school was in desperate need of funds for new books. fury / fjυəri/ n hnev I was shaking with fury. in the long term /in ðə lɒŋ t m/ prep phr z dlhodobého gases / siz/ n plyny A mixture of gases were used as fuel h¾adiska In the long term, permanent accommodation is for heating. the best solution. geological / d i ə lɒd ikəl/ adj geologický The scientist income / i k m, in / n príjem People on a high income studied the geological formations of the cliffs. should pay more tax. giant tortoises / d aiənt tɔ təsiz/ n korytnaèka obrovská increasing /in kri siŋ/ adj vzrastajúci, rastúci She I‘ve seen photos of the giant tortoises of the Galapagos, and one fell and twisted her ankle, and gazed with increasing disbelief day I hope to visit the islands myself. at the number of people who just passed her by. 38 indifferent /in difərənt/ adj ¾ahostajný Sarah was minister / ministəz/ n minister Six ministers were absolutely indifferent to him, and it hurt. hauled before the Chief Whip for disorderly conduct. industrially /in d striəli/ adv priemyselne, industriálne mismanagement / mis m nid mənt/ n zlé riadenie, Electricity can be produced industrially by wind turbines. nesprávne riadenie The shareholders accused the Board industry / indəstri/ n priemysel There has been a sharp of mismanagement, and said they should all be replaced. decline in manufacturing industry in Great Britain. misplace / mis pleis/ v odloži niekam a nepamäta influence / influəns/ n vplyv There is no doubt that si kam Oh dear, I seem to have misplaced the letter. Do you Bohr‘s inﬂuence was immense. know where it is? inquire /in kwaiə/ v pýta sa ‚Why are you doing that?‘ misunderstand / mis ndə st nd/ v neporozumie , the boy inquired. zle porozumie Rachel, you must have misunderstood her! intense /in tens/ adj silný, intenzívny Young people Ellie would never say something like that. today are under intense pressure to succeed. mountainsides / maυntənsaidz/ n úboèie hory The rock interest /rate/ / intrəst/ n úrok, / úroková sadzba/ fall swept the climber down the mountainside. The interest rate on this loan is 7 per cent. multinational / m lti n ʃənəl/ adj multinárodný, intergovernmental / intə və mentl, -vən-/ adj týkajúci mnohonárodný She applied for a job with a multinational sa viacerých vlád rôznych krajín The minister had to media corporation. attend an intergovernmental conference. multi-purpose / m lti p pəs/ adj viac úèelový We knock out /wəz nɒkt aυt/ phr v prehra a tým always buy Dad multi-purpose gadgets as he loves reading vypadnú zo sú aže Leeds were knocked out of the FA Cup. the instructions and trying them all out! landscape / l ndskeip/ n krajina She stood on the hill, multi-racial / m lti reiʃəl/ adj multirasový, viac rasový surveying the landscape. There was a mix of ethnic minorities in the area, and the school landslides / l ndslaidz/ n zosuv pôdy, skál If the slope was multi-racial. is steep enough, landslides can reach up to 200 miles notorious /nəυ tɔ riəs, nə / adj notorický The bank an hour. employed a notorious computer hacker to safeguard its software. leak /tə h v li kt/ v presiaknu , vytiec cez malý nuclear waste / nju kliə weist/ n jadrový odpad otvor The tanker was thought to have leaked about a million The government has yet to solve the problems of nuclear litres of oil. waste disposal. lifestyle / laifstailz/ n životný štýl That affair was never occupation / ɒkjə peiʃən/ n zamestnanie Please state going to work because they led completely different lifestyles. your name, address and occupation. limited / limitid/ adj obmedzený, limitovaný There on a big scale /ɒn ə bi skeil/ prep phr vo ve¾kom are only a limited number of tickets available. The planned to launch the book on a big scale, with a huge link /liŋk/ n spojenie The police ofﬁcer produced a graph advertising campaign. showing the link between drug use and crime. on average /ɒn vərid / prep phr v priemere On literacy / litərəsi/ n gramotnos /schopnos písa average, I walk about ﬁve miles a day. a èíta / The new adult literacy campaign was a huge success. on the brink of /ɒn ðə briŋk əv, ɒv/ prep phr by na literally / litərəli/ adv doslovne The name of the cheese pokraji It felt as if we were on the brink of disaster. is Dolcelatte, literally meaning ‚sweet milk‘. on top of all that /ɒn tɒp əv ɔ l ð t/ prep phr a na livelihood / laivlihυd/ n obživa, živobytie Fishing is koniec, po tom všetkom ešte aj... I‘d had a bad day the main livelihood of many people in the area. at work and then, on top of all that, my car broke down! loan /ləυn/ n pôžièka He asked the bank manager for operation /ri li f ɒpə reiʃən/ n operácia, akcia a business loan of £60,000. The Normandy landings were a relief operation to rescue soldiers logging / lɒ iŋ/ n ažba dreva The logging company had trapped between the enemy and the sea. cut down most of the forest. opportunities / ɒpə tju nətiz/ n možnosti Leo emigrated lonesome / ləυnsəm/ adj osamelý Beth is lonesome without to Australia because there were more job opportunities for him the children. there. male /meil/ n mužského rodu The male is usually bigger oppose /ə pəυziz/ v vyjadri nesúhlas, nepodpori and more brightly coloured than the female. The Liberal Democrats opposed the motion. malnutrition / m lnjυ triʃən/ n podvýživa Most of overdo / əυvə du / v prehna , urobi viac, než je dobré the refugees were suffering from malnutrition. Analysts believe that worries about the economy are overdone. marvellous / mɑ vələs/ adj úžasný, bájeèný We had overgrown / əυvə rəυn/ adj zarastený, porastený a marvellous holiday in Sardinia. The garden will be overgrown with weeds by the time we mid-life crisis / mid laif kraisis/ phr kríza stredného get back. veku Dad wants to buy a sports car – we think he‘s going overpopulation / əυvəpɒpjə leiʃən/ n pre¾udnenie through a mid-life crisis! Efforts to reduce overpopulation have proved fruitless. 39 oversleep / əυvə sli p/ v zaspa Sorry I‘m late. I overslept. recovery /ri k vəri/ n uzdravenie Doctors expect him pay back / pei b k/ phr v splati I‘ll pay you back to make a full recovery. on Friday. reducing /ri dju siŋ/ n zmenšovanie, redukovanie per capita /pə k pitə/ prep phr na hlavu / na osobu/ The doctor told him that reducing his weight would be a good idea. In 1998 Denmark had the highest average income per capita refuse /ri fju z/ v odmietnu She asked him to leave, (per person). but he refused. percent /pə sent/ n percento The bank charges interest release /ri li s/ n vypustenie Before release, the sea lions at 14 percent. are ﬁtted with electronic tracking devices. percentage /pə sentid / n percentuálne vyèíslenie reluctantly /ri l ktəntli/ adv neochotne She went with The percentage of school leavers that go to university is about him reluctantly, but she would rather have stayed. ﬁve per cent. remind /ri maind/ v pripomenú Remind me to get some petrol / petrəl/ n benzín The car ran out of petrol before milk on the way home. we reached home. renewable /ri nju əbəl/ adj predlžite¾ný, obnovite¾ný pity / piti/ n škoda It‘s a pity that he didn‘t accept the job – It‘s a six-month lease, but it‘s renewable. I think he would have been good at it. replace /ri pleis/ v nahradi I‘m replacing Sue on the team plunge into / pl nd d intə, intυ/ phr v vrhnú sa He while she has a short break. plunged into the pool and swam to the other end underwater. reports /ri pɔ ts/ v správy, hlásenia The Head poet / pəυit/ n básnik Sylvia Plath was a famous poet. received so many adverse reports about the girl that he had no polluter /pə lu tə/ n zneèis ovate¾ The polluter should option but to suspend her. pay for the cost of the clean-up. representative / repri zentətiv/ n reprezentant, population / pɒpjə leiʃən/ n obyvate¾stvo, populácia zástupca During the pay dispute, union representatives India has a population of more than one billion. negotiated on behalf of the workforce. post /pəυst/ n pozícia, post I applied for the post and was rewind /ri waind/ v natoèi , znova natoèi She rewound asked to attend an interview. the grandfather clock when it stopped. postgraduate / pəυst r djuət/ adj postgraduálny rock /rɒkt/ v kolísa The earthquake rocked the buildings She is studying for a postgraduate degree. to their foundations. poverty / pɒvəti/ n chudoba Millions of elderly people sanitation / s ni teiʃən/ n hygiena Overcrowding and live in poverty. poor sanitation are common problems in prisons. prevent /pri vent/ v predchádza The rules are intended scorpion / skɔ piən/ n škorpión My uncle was bitten by to prevent accidents. a scorpion when he was in the desert. profession /prə feʃən/ n profesia He was a doctor by semi-circle / semi s kəl/ n polkruh He walked in a semi- profession. circle and then stopped. progressively /prə resivli/ adv postupne Her illness set aside /ə said/ v odloži na neskôr I‘ve been setting got progressively worse. aside a few pounds each week.. prosperous / prɒspərəs/ adj prosperujúci, bohatý set up / set p/ phr v založi , zaèa They want to set up a úspešný She married a prosperous landowner who had their own import–export business. millions in the bank. settler / setləz/ n usadlík The goats introduced by the early provide /prə vaid/ v zabezpeèi , poskytnú Tea and settlers destroyed the ecological balance of the islands. biscuits will be provided. shanty / ʃ nti/ n chatrè Workers were living in tents and public / p blik/ n verejnos The meeting will be open to shanties. the general public. shipwreck / ʃip rek/ n potopenie lode Because there pump /p mpt/ v napumpova The cyclist put a patch on weren‘t enough lifeboats, only ten people survived the shipwreck. the puncture and pumped up the tyre. sign /sain/ v podpísa Sign here, please. qualification / kwɒləfi keiʃənz/ n vzdelanie, kvalifikácia similar / simələ/ adj podobný We have similar tastes in He started as a teenager, with no qualifications, and built up music. a multi-million-pound empire. skills /skilz/ n schopnosti The skills needed to deal with queue /kju / n rad, zástup We stood in a queue for half customers are many and varied. an hour. slope /sləυps/ n zjazdovka We went skiing at Christmas ran aground / r n ə raυnd/ v phr uviaznu na and I couldn‘t wait to get on the slopes! plytèine The tanker ran aground on the archipelago. soil /sɔil/ n pôda The soil here is very poor. reaction /ri kʃən/ n reakcia What was Jeff‘s reaction solar / səυlə/ adj slneèný, solárny We drove down to when you told him about the job? Cornwall to see a solar eclipse of the sun. rebuild /wə stil ri bildiŋ/ v prestavova They were still spare time / speə taim/ n vo¾ný èas Jackie helps out rebuilding their houses when the second hurricane hit the island. at a charity shop in her spare time. 40 specialised / speʃəlaizd/ adj špeciálny, špecializovaný tonnes /t nz/ n tony The ship weighed 20,000 tonnes. She had specialised knowledge of the subject and was often transmit /iz tr nz mitid/ v prenáša sa AIDS is called upon to give expert testimony. transmitted from one infected person to another by the act spectre / spektə/ n vidina The recession is again raising of having sex. the spectre of unemployment. trust /tr st/ v veri I just don‘t trust him. statistic /stə tistik/ n štatistika The ofﬁcial crime statistics tsunami /tsυ nɑ mi/ n tsunami The tsunami caught are not always accurate. the authorities completely unawares. steep /sti p/ adj príkry, strmý The road became rocky turn on / t n ɒn/ phr v zapnú Jake turned on his computer and steep. and checked his mail. Stone Age / stəυn eid / n doba kamenná These weapons UN / ju en/ n spojené národy The UN headquarters were made by people living in the Stone Age. building is in New York. stratosphere / str təsfiə/ n stratosféra With the closing uncommon / n kɒmən/ adj ojedinelý, nie bežný Violent of the pipeline, oil prices soared into the stratosphere. crimes against the elderly are fortunately very uncommon. stuff /st f/ n hmota I‘ve got some sticky stuff on my shoe. under pressure / ndə preʃə/ prep phr pod tlakom sub-species / s b spi ʃi z/ n pod druh Scientists know The interview panel agreed that the first candidate seemed that this animal is the last surviving member of the sub-species. the type to fold under pressure. substandard / s b st ndəd/ adj nízkoštandardný undercooked / ndə kυkt/ adj nedovarený, polosurový The company were accused of hiring unqualiﬁed workmen, The vegetables were undercooked, so I complained to the waiter. which resulted in substandard housing. undernourished / ndə n riʃt/ adj podvyživený suggest /sə d ests/ v navrhnú I suggested that she The children in the village were severely undernourished. accompany me on my walk. underpaid / ndə peid/ adj nedocenený platovo supply /sə plai/ v doda / tovar, .../ Paint for the project Teachers are overworked and underpaid. was supplied by the city. unemployed / nim plɔid/ adj nezamestnaný An unemployed surrender /sə rendəz/ v vzda sa They refused to surrender actor is said to ‚resting‘ whilst out of work. to the enemy. unemployment / nim plɔimənt/ n nezamestnanos survivor /sə vaivəz/ n ten, èo prežil/katastrofu, ../ The level of unemployment is rising. The survivors were ﬁnally rescued after 20 days at sea. uninhabited / nin h bitid/ adj neobývaný As we take a toll of /həv teikən ə təυl əv, ɒv/ v phr vybra sailed around, we came upon an uninhabited island. si daò The tsunami took a heavy toll of human life. unique /ju ni k/ adj jedineèný, unikátny The scientists tanker / t ŋkə/ n tanker Tankers are used to carry oil from had a unique opportunity to study these rare creatures. one country to another. unstable / n steibəl/ adj nestabilný The political situation the greenhouse effect /ðə ri nhaυs i fekt/ n is still very unstable. skleníkový efekt Most scientists agree that the ‚greenhouse victim / viktim/ n obe The victim received head injuries effect‘ is having an adverse effect on the Earth. from which she died a week later. therapists / θerəpists/ n terapeuti The speech therapists virtually / v tʃuəli/ adv prakticky Virtually all the children wanted an increase in their salaries. come to school by bus. Third World / θ d w ld/ n krajiny tretieho sveta visible / vizəbəl/ adj vidite¾ný The outline of the mountains Third world countries need more aid from the West. was clearly visible. threaten / θretn/ v vyhráža sa Postal workers are volcanic eruptions /vɒl k nik i r pʃənz/ n sopeèný threatening a strike if they don‘t receive a pay increase. výbuch The magma from the volcanic eruptions ﬂowed down to back sb up /tə b k/ v podpori niekoho I needed the mountainside. someone to back me up or they would never believe me. waterlogged / wɔ təlɒ d/ adj zaplavený Heavy rain to bring relief /tə briŋ ri li f/ v phr u¾avi , prinies meant the pitch was waterlogged. ú¾avu The tablets were supposed to bring relief to the most What‘s ridiculous / wɒts ri dikjələs/ phr smiešne painful of headaches. na tom je... What‘s ridiculous about this whole thing, is to come to the rescue /tə k m tə ðə reskju / v phr how seriously everyone is taking it! zachráni niekoho I could see she had been cornered by windstorms / windstɔ mz/ n veterná smrš , búrka the biggest bore at the party, and decided to come to her rescue. In the last decade, windstorms have become more common. to do charity work /tə dəυ tʃ rəti w k/ v phr robi wiped out / waipt aυt/ phr v zrovna so zemou charitatívnu èinnos I have always wanted to do charity The eruption completely wiped out the nearest town. work but never had the time. within reach /wið in reind / prep phr na dosah As soon to make a full recovery /tə meik ə fυl ri k vəri/ v as he came within reach, I grabbed him. phr celkom vyzdravie Although it was a nasty accident, wrap /r p/ v zabali The present was beautifully wrapped the surgeon expected him to make a full recovery. in gold paper. 41 CULTURE CORNER capital punishment / k pitl p niʃmənt/ n trest smrti I don‘t believe in capital punishment in case an innocent man being adapted / bi iŋ ə d ptid/ v adaptova , práve dies for a crime he didn‘t commit. prerába na... Her book is a bestseller and is being adapted career /kə riə/ n kariéra Hugo decided to pursue a career for the cinema. in journalism. jazz /d z/ n džez America is the home of jazz. cathedral /kə θi drəl/ n katedrála When we visited St Paul‘s owe /əυd/ v dlhova She wouldn‘t lend him any more money, Cathedral, we went up to the ‚whispering gallery‘. as he still owed her £50. centre /wəz sentəd/ v koncentrova Everyone‘s songwriting / sɒŋ raitiŋ/ n textovanie, písanie textov attention was centred on the speaker. piesní There‘s some excellent songwriting on this album. citizens / sitizənz/ n obyvatelia All the citizens of Athens trumpet / tr mpit/ n trúbka Louis Armstrong ﬁrst played were equal by law. the cornet before moving onto the trumpet. city state / siti steit/ n mestský štát The city state of Athens was the greatest trading centre in the Mediterranean. class /klɑ s/ n trieda The working class are the backbone MODULE 9 Society of England! comedies / kɒmədiz/ n komédie I usually like comedies, social / səυʃəl/ adj sociálny They had a debate about but this ﬁlm didn‘t raise many laughs from the audience. social issues, such as unemployment and education commerce / kɒm s/ n obchod, obchodovanie accounting /ə kaυntiŋ/ n úètovníctvo Accounting is The council introduced measures promoting local commerce one of the most boring professions you can get into. and industry. affront /ə fr nt/ n urážka The comments were an affront commercial /kə m ʃəl/ adj obchodný, komerèný to his pride. Our top priorities must be proﬁt and commercial growth. aim at / eimd ət, t/ v mieri na The holiday was aimed commit /kə mitiŋ/ v spácha He was caught in the act of at the 18–30 age range. committing the offence and there was no doubt of his guilt. ancient / einʃənt/ adj staroveký, starodávny Harry committee /kə miti/ n výbor, komisia He was the Chairman has always been fascinated by the ancient civilisations of Asia. of the International Committee of the Red Cross. are locked up for life /ə lɒkt p fə laif/ v phr sú company / k mpəniz/ n spoloènos There seem to be doživotne uväznení Murderers used to be locked up for fewer theatrical companies around these days. life but these days they are often freed after a few years. conducted /kən d ktid/ v riadi , vies The Italians architectural / ɑ ki tektʃərəl/ adj architektonický conducted trade with the rest of Europe from their beautiful The cathedral was an architectural masterpiece. Venetian houses. aristocratic / ristə kr tik/ adj aristokratický They conservative /kən s vətiv/ adj konzervatívny She has are an old, aristocratic family who have fallen on hard times. a very conservative attitude to education. attitudes / titju dz/ n postoj, stanovisko Attitudes constructive /kən str ktiv/ adj konštruktívny The meeting to divorce have changed since the 1950s. was very constructive, and many things were agreed. banker / b ŋkəz/ n bankár The bankers awarded convicted /kən viktid/ adj usvedèený The convicted themselves a 50% pay rise. murderer always maintained he was innocent, and ﬁnally a journalist banking / b ŋkiŋ/ n bankovníctvo He used the international proved that he was!. banking system to move his money around. cradle / kreidl/ n kolíska She rocked the cradle to quieten be drawn /wə drɔ n/ v by pri ahovaný She was drawn the child. to acting like a moth to a ﬂame. create /kri eit/ v vytvori Some people believe the universe begging / be iŋ/ n žobranie The police arrested her for was created by a big explosion. begging in the street. creativity / kri ei tivəti/ n kreativity The artist was seized belief /bi li fs/ n viera Many religious people have strongly- by a bout of creativity and didn‘t leave his studio for six days. held beliefs. crime /kraim/ n kriminalita We moved here because birth /b θ/ n narodenie, pôrod Patsy was celebrating there was very little crime. last night after giving birth to twins. criminals / kriminəlz/ n kriminálnici Personally, I think brighten / braitn/ v zosvetli Use blonde highlights to that criminals who steal money should have to pay it back to brighten your hair. their victims. burglary / b ləri/ n vlámaèstvo Burglaries have risen by 5%. culminate / k lmineitiŋ/ v vrcholi , kulminova burst /b st/ n nával, rozpuk When the teacher left the room The play in the park was fantastic, culminating in a stupendous there was a sudden burst of activity among the students. ﬁrework display. by law /bai lɔ / prep phr pod¾a zákona By law, I‘m not death penalty / deθ penəlti/ n trest smrti Some states allowed to park on double yellow lines. in America still have the death penalty for certain crimes. 42 decent / di sənt/ adj slušný At last, Sadie had landed a job full-time / fυl taim/ adj na plný úväzok She works with a decent salary. full-time and has two kids. demand /di mɑ nd/ n požiadavka, dopyt Production fund /f ndz/ n zbierka The church needed funds to do some is still increasing faster than demand. essential repairs. democracy /di mɒkrəsi/ n demokracia The people were further education / f ðər edjυ keiʃən/ n ïalšie celebrating a return to democracy after 16 years of military rule. vzdelávanie The government is trying to encourage more deter /di t / v odstraši The company‘s ﬁnancial students into further education. difﬁculties have deterred potential investors. gadget / d its/ n malý užitoèný nástroj, prístroj dignity / di nəti/ n dôstojnos The family faced their She loves gadgets, and her kitchen is full of them. ordeal with dignity. gifted / iftid/ adj obdarený She was an extremely dome /dəυm/ n kupolovitá strecha The dome was gifted poet. covered in gold leaf. golden ages / əυldən eid iz/ n zlaté roky The 1920s, domestic violence /də mestik vaiələns/ n domáce in my opinion, were the golden age of women‘s fashion. násilie The victims of domestic violence are usually women historian /hi stɔ riən/ n historik The historian was and children. overjoyed when he was granted permission to view the family drama / drɑ mə/ n dráma The great traditions of ancient archives. Greek drama are still alive and well. households / haυshəυldz/ n domácnos Most households drug dealing / dr di liŋ/ n predaj a distribúcia try to recycle their rubbish. drog She was convicted of drug dealing and was given a thee- how come? / haυ k m/ phr ako to... How come you month prison sentence. always get away with it but I get caught? drugs /dr z/ n drogy We had a classroom discussion image / imid / n imidž The hotel and casino industry is about why people take drugs. working hard on improving its image. dynamic /dai n mik/ adj dynamický The Florentines imperial capital /im piəriəl k pitl/ n krá¾ovské hlavné of the 15th century were a dynamic and ambitious people. mesto Rome was the imperial capital of the Roman Empire. elderly / eldəli/ adj starší A well-dressed elderly woman in a mess /in ə mes/ prep phr zaprataný neporiadkom, asked me if I‘d seen a small white dog running free. rozhádzaný Her bedroom was in a terrible mess, you couldn‘t empire / empaiə/ n ríša At one time, the sun never set on see the ﬂoor for clothes! the British Empire. in a state of flux /in ə steit əv fl ks/ prep phr neustála equal / i kwəl/ adj rovnaký Both candidates received an equal zmena There are many changes under way, and the company number of votes. is presently in a state of ﬂux. equivalent /i kwivələnt/ adj rovnocenný, ekvivalentný in principle /in prinsəpəl/ prep phr v podstate It Would you say that a degree from a redbrick university is sounded like a good idea in principle, but I wanted to know all exactly equivalent to one from Oxford or Cambridge? the facts before making a ﬁnal decision. facilities /fə silətiz/ n zariadenie, vybavenie The facilities industrial revolution /in d striəl revə lu ʃən/ n in the new gym are superb. priemyselná revolúcia The industrial revolution began fault /fɔ lt/ n chyba I‘m really sorry – it‘s all my fault. in Manchester in 1760. fine /fain/ n pokuta The company director had to pay a ﬁne inequality / ini kwɒləti/ n nerovnomerný, nerovnoprávny for speeding on the motorway. There are inequalities in wealth distribution. first aid kit / f st eid kit/ n lekárnièka prvej pomoci innovation / inə veiʃənz/ n novota, inovácia She A ﬁrst aid kit is essential when taking part in outdoor activities. dislikes innovations, and likes everything to stay the same. fish hook / fiʃ hυks/ n rybársky háèik The marlin put insatiable /in seiʃəbəl/ adj nenásytný His insatiable up a mighty battle and ﬁnally snapped the line, taking the ﬁsh appetite for power led to his downfall. hook with him. it‘s high time /its hai taim/ phr je najvyšší èas It‘s flint /flint/ n kremeò, kameò na kresanie ohòa One of high time something was done about the state of my garden! the scouts struck the ﬂint to make a spark and start the campﬁre. judicial /d u diʃəl/ adj právny The rape victim felt she flourish / fl riʃt/ v kvitnú , prekvita When I moved had been let down by the judicial system. the plants to a different part of the garden, they positively justice / d stis/ n spravodlivos Justice must be seen ﬂourished! to be done. flowering / flaυəriŋ/ n rozkvet, rozmach The 19th knee-deep / ni di p/ adv po kolená When he stepped century saw a ﬂowering of science and technology. off the path he fond himself knee-deep in mud. fortune / fɔ tʃənz/ n bohatstvo He made a fortune in leisure / le ə/ n chví¾a vo¾na Molly leads a life of leisure. the steel industry. life expectancy / laif ik spektənsi/ n dåžka života frenzy / frenzi/ n mánia, posadnutos There appears According to actuaries, the life expectancy of women is longer to be a frenzy of religious feeling sweeping through the land. than that of men. 43 life sentence / laif sentəns/ n doživotie Miller is serving prison sentence / prizən sentəns/ n odsúdenie, trest a life sentence for murder. Jed has served his prison sentence and has vowed never to literature / litərətʃə/ n literatúra He has read many of re-offend. the major works of literature. pros and cons / prəυz ən kɒnz/ phr pre a proti I went lose faith /ə lu ziŋ feiθ/ v phr strati vieru v... to the meeting to ﬁnd out the pros and cons of setting up my The public are losing faith in the criminal justice system. own business. lottery / lɒtəri/ n lotéria He always buys a lottery ticket but protest groups / prəυtest ru ps/ n protestné skupiny he‘s never won the lottery! When the school closure was announced, some of the parents magnet / m nit/ n magnet The region has become formed protest groups at the school gates. a magnet for small businesses. punishment / p niʃmənts/ n trest On the board was a list magnificent /m nifisənt/ adj pôsobivý The opera of the various punishments meted out for breaking school rules. singer gave a magniﬁcent performance of Aida. racism / reisizəm/ n rasizmus The government has marriage / m rid / n manželstvo She has three daughters promised to continue the ﬁght against racism. from a previous marriage. rape /reip/ n znásilnenie Police are investigating a series masterful / mɑ stəfəl/ adj majstrovský Klein handled of violent rapes in the town. the situation in a masterful way. rapidly / r pidli/ adv rýchlo The disease was spreading medicine / medsən/ n medicína Steve is studying more rapidly than expected. medicine, and wants to become a doctor. rapist / reipists/ n násilník, ten kto znásilnil Too few medieval / medi i vəl/ adj stredoveký These spices rapists are convicted because the victim cannot face reliving were ﬁrst brought to Italy from the East in medieval times. the event in open court. merchant / m tʃənts/ n kupec The silk merchants set rationality / r ʃə n ləti/ n logické uvažovanie, up their own guild. racionalita I can understand the rationality of your argument middle classes / midl klɑ siz/ n stredná trieda In the 19th but think the premise is ﬂawed. century, the wealthy middle classes spent lots of money on art. recreation / rekri eiʃən/ n reakcia His only recreations mobility /məυ biləti/ n mobilita Today, there is greater are drinking beer and watching football. social mobility than ever before. reduction /ri d kʃənz/ n zmenšenie, redukovanie mugging / m iŋ/ n prepadávanie a okrádanie ¾udí The government announced reductions in the beneﬁts people na ulici Crime is on the increase, especially mugging and burglary. are entitled to. murder / m də/ n vrah On the night the murder was reform /ri fɔ m/ v reformova The government is drawing committed, he was out of the country. up plans to radically reform the tax system. murderer / m dərəz/ n vrah How many convicted Renaissance /ri neisəns/ n renesancia The Renaissance murderers walk free every year? spawned outstanding painters and sculptors such as Botticelli, myths /miθs/ n mýty The Greeks had many myths about Donatello and Michelangelo. their gods and heroes. resistance /ri zistəns/ n odolnos , stálos Resistance outstanding /aυt st ndiŋ/ adj ve¾mi dobrý Kevin was to change is usually strong, but more people are now demanding an outstanding athlete. a more equitable society. part-time / pɑ t taim/ adj èiastoèný Jenny got a part- resolve /ri zɒlv/ v vyrieši The crisis was resolved by time job to help out with the bills. negotiations. peckish / pekiʃ/ adj trocha hladný She was feeling a bit restoration / restə reiʃən/ n reštaurovanie Her will peckish. revealed that she had left all her money to a fund for the restoration pedestrian /pə destriən/ adj obyèajný, nezaujímavý of historic buildings. At art school, the tutor showed us a painting that was pedestrian restore /ri stɔ / v obnovi The government promises to and unimaginative. restore the economy to full strength. philosophy /fi lɒsəfi/ n filozofia Emma studies philosophy revenge /ri vend / n pomsta, odplata He took at university. revenge on his employers by setting ﬁre to the factory. playwright / pleiraits/ n dramatik, autor divadelných revolutionize /wəz bi iŋ revə lu ʃənaizd/ v úplne zmeni hier The film adaptations of their plays don‘t please most The ofﬁce was revolutionised by the introduction of computers. playwrights. savage / s vid / adj divý, zúrivý, neskrotený The child plentiful / plentifəl/ adj ve¾a, viac než dos The campers was attacked by a savage dog. had a plentiful supply of food. scandalous / sk ndələs/ adj škandalózny The number pocket money / pɒkit m ni/ n vreckové How much of overseas trips made by politicians is a scandalous waste of pocket money do you get? public money. pollution /pə lu ʃən/ n zneèistenie The pollution in scones /skɒnz, skəυnz/ n sušienky Lynne decided to bake Bangkok is so bad, the trafﬁc police wear breathing masks. some scones for tea. 44 sculptors / sk lptəz/ n sochár Michelangelo is one of to take into account /tə bi teikən intυ ə kaυnt/ v phr the most famous sculptors to have lived. vzia do úvahy A number of things would have to be taken sculpture / sk lptʃə/ n socha Chloe brought back a small into account to explain his actions. sculpture of an elephant from her holiday in India. torch /tɔ tʃ/ n baterka We shone our torches around search /s tʃ/ n h¾adanie Bad weather is hampering the cavern. the search for survivors. trade /treid/ n obchod There has been a marked increase season ticket / si zən tikit/ n sezónny lístok Dad in trade between East and West. bought an annual season ticket for Manchester United. trade unions / treid ju njənz/ n organizácia second-hand / sekənd h nd/ adj z druhej ruky, zastupujúca zamestnancov, odborový zväz When obnosený My friend always wears second-hand clothes as the company stated they were downsizing, the trade unions she refuses to pay full price for anything! demanded talks with the employers. settle down / setl daυn/ phr v upokoji sa Shh! Settle traffic jam / tr fik d m/ n dopravná zápcha We down please! Now turn to page 57. were stuck in a trafﬁc jam for two hours. shelter / ʃeltə/ n prístrešok They are in need of food tragedy / tr d ədiz/ n tragédia She has suffered many and shelter. tragedies during her life. shoplifting / ʃɒp liftiŋ/ n krádež tovaru v obchode transition /tr n ziʃən/ n prechod It was a smooth She had been falsely accused of shoplifting in a clothing store. transition from full-time work to full retirement. smartly / smɑ tli/ adv upravene a moderne Ian is undertake /wəz ndə teikən/ v prevzia When always smartly dressed. the headmaster was ill, his duties were undertaken by his deputy. societies /sə saiətiz/ n spoloènosti Modern western unfit / n fit/ adj nezdravý, v zlej kondícii She never societies are usually democracies. gets any exercise – she must be really unﬁt. soft/hard sentences / sɒft, hɑ d sentəns/ n urban / bən/ adj mestský Ella dislikes urban life and odsúdenie na krátky/dlhý èas Judges today are handing would like to live in the countryside. down too many ‚soft‘ sentences when a ‚hard‘ one is called for. utopia /ju təυpiə/ n utópia Everything is perfect in utopia splendour / splendə/ n pôsobivos , nádhera We – all people are treated as equals. marvelled at the splendour of the scenery. vandalism / v ndəl izəm/ n vandalizmus The police stable / steibəl/ adj stabilný A wide base will make the structure ﬁgures show that vandalism is on the increase. much more stable. venue / venju / n miesto, priestor/ na koncert, starve /əm stɑ viŋ/ v hladova The castaways hadn‘t míting.../ The ﬁrst thing to do is book a venue. eaten for over a week, and were starving. vicious circle / viʃəs s kəl/ n zaèarovaný kruh Work status / steitəs/ n postavenie These documents have no hard/earn money/spend money/work hard and so on – it‘s legal status in Britain. a never-ending vicious circle. superb /sju p b, su / adj excelentný, super dobrý view /vju z/ n názor, poh¾ad Many people have strong The food at the new restaurant was superb. views about smoking in public places. supporter /sə pɔ təz/ n podporovate¾ The English cricket vital / vaitl/ adj životne dôležitý The work she does is supporters are often referred to as ‚The Barmy Army‘. absolutely vital. survival course /sə vaivəl kɔ s/ n kurz prežitia They wealth /welθ/ n bohatstvo The country‘s wealth comes were advised to take a survival course before setting off for their from its oil. trek across Africa. western culture / westən k ltʃə/ n západná kultúra systematic / sistə m tik/ adj systematický The student He took to western culture like a duck to water. took a systematic approach to solving the problem. wood /wυd/ n drevo Put some more wood on the ﬁre. take place /teik pleis/ v phr uskutoèni sa The exhibition work sharing / w k ʃeəriŋ/ n rozdelenie práce took place in the Town Hall. Our employer asked us to try work sharing – I do mornings temple / tempəl/ n chrám, svätyòa He worshipped at temple and Karen does the afternoons. every day. works of art / w ks əv ɑ t/ n umelecké diela theft /θeft/ n krádež Car theft is on the increase. The museum was full of paintings and many other works thus /ð s/ conj v dôsledku èoho... Most of the evidence of art. was destroyed in the ﬁre. Thus it would be almost impossible to prove him guilty. to be in two minds /əm in tu maindz/ v phr váha , MODULE 10 Conflict by nerozhodný I am in two minds as to whether or not I define /iz di faind/ v definova In my contract, the number should accept his dinner invitation. of hours I should work is not clearly deﬁned. to be let out /ə let aυt/ phr v prepusti Too many aggressive /ə resiv/ adj agresívny Jim‘s voice became people are let out of prison before serving their full sentence. aggressive and loud. 45 airmen / eəmən/ n letec The British airmen pulled off copycat / kɒpik t/ adj skopírovaný, podobný tomu, an incredible rescue. èo už raz bolo Crime reports in newspapers often encourage allergic /ə l d ik/ adj alergický I‘m allergic to penicillin copycat crimes. – it makes me ill. cotton wool / kɒtn wυl/ n vata She put some disinfectant anaesthesia / nəs θi ziə/ n anestézia Once the anaesthesia on a piece of cotton wool and dabbed it on her cheek. wore off, the pain was intolerable. cross-fertilisation / krɒs f tilai zeiʃən/ n vzájomné anti-war / nti wɔ / adj protivojnový On Saturday we ovplyvòovanie sa poznatkami z rôznych oblastí attended an anti-war demonstration. The students like the cross-fertilisation of ideas from one discipline apologize /ə pɒləd aiziŋ/ v ospravedlni sa I told him to another. to stop apologising – it wasn‘t his fault we had missed the bus. dairy / deəri/ adj mlieèny Some people are allergic to dairy are (generally) better off /ə betər ɒf/ v phr sú vo products. všeobecnosti na tom lepšie Children in the West are damned /d md/ adj prekliaty All the soldiers agreed generally better off than those in the developing countries. they would be happy when the damned war was over. assertive /ə s tiv/ adj asertívny The interview board denote /di nəυts/ v oznaèova This map symbol denotes decided that his assertive personality was just what the job a church with a spire. needed. digital / did itl/ adj digitálny Mum and Dad have bought attack /ə t ks/ n útok The number of attacks on old-age an HD digital TV. pensioners in their homes is growing. dispute /di spju t/ n spor, debata The ﬁrm is involved award /ə wɔ d/ n ocenenie She was given the Presidential in a legal dispute with a rival company. Award for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching. distorted /iz di stɔ tid/ adj znetvorený, pokrivený bagpipe / b paip/ adj gajdy My granddad is Scottish Zack lay trapped in the car, his face distorted with pain. and loves listening to bagpipe music. earplugs / iəpl z/ n štuple do uší Dad snores in bed battalion /bə t ljən/ n iniciova , zaèa akciu The team so Mum always wears earplugs. bus was followed by a battalion of football supporters. emigrate /iz emi reitiŋ/ v emigrova , vys ahova sa battery / b təri/ n batéria You have to take the top off to My cousin is emigrating to New Zealand as she prefers the standard change the batteries. of living over there. beforehand /bi fɔ h nd/ adv v predstihu, skôr The police emperor / empərəz/ n vládca In the ancient world, there need to be briefed beforehand on how to deal with this sort were few emperors with large empires to rule. of situation. enemy / enəmi/ v nepriate¾ She‘s a dangerous enemy to have. blow off / bləυn ɒf/ phr v odfúknu When the solider entourage / ɒntυrɑ / n sprievod, sprievodné osoby stepped on the mine, both his legs were blown off. The president and his entourage ﬂew to Texas in Air Force One. body language / bɒdi l ŋ wid / n reè tela It was essay / esei/ n esej For his homework, Matthew had to write obvious from Luke‘s body language that he was nervous. an essay on George Bernard Shaw. bottle up / bɒtlz p/ phr v skrýva pocity, nedáva evacuation /i v kju eiʃən/ n evakuácia The evacuation najavo You shouldn‘t bottle up your emotions and let them of the building went very smoothly during the ﬁre drill. fester – it‘s not good for you. evidence / evidəns/ n dôkaz At present we have no buddy / b di/ n kamaráti, priatelia neformálne We‘re evidence of life on other planets. good buddies, and have known each other since we were at school. expenditure /ik spenditʃə/ n výdaj /peòazí/ The drug calculator / k lkjəleitə/ n kalkulaèka The children were company‘s expenditure on research and development was taught how to use the constant function on a calculator. essential to its success. call the tune / kɔ l ðə tju n/ v phr aha za nitky, explosion /ik spləυ ən/ n výbuch Several people were rozhodova There is an old saying: he who pays the piper injured in a bomb explosion. calls the tune. fade away / feidid/ v zmiznú , strati sa, vyprchnú ceremony / serəməni/ n obrad At the wedding ceremony, He‘d washed his jeans so many times, the colour had nearly the bride and groom exchanged vows. faded away. clash /kl ʃ/ n zrážka, krátky boj We‘ve had reports of false claim / fɔ ls kleimz/ n falošné vyhlásenie armed clashes along the border. The court ruled that the manufacturers had been making false cliff /klif/ n útes As I walked along the beach I could see the cliffs claims about their ‚wonderful miracle cure‘. towering above me. fence /fens/ n plot The garden fence had blown down compensation / kɒmpən seiʃən/ n vyrovnanie, during the storm. kompenzácia Melanie was paid compensation for injuries feud /fju d/ n spor, svár There was a bitter feud over territory. at work which left her disabled. fire brigades / faiə bri eidz/ n požiarny zbor When ﬁre confidently / kɒnfidəntli/ adv sebaisto She walked broke out at the oil reﬁnery, all the ﬁre brigades in the area were conﬁdently into the interview room. sent out. 46 flee /fled/ v utiec , uniknú The Great Train Robbers ﬂed in a heartbeat / hɑ tbi t/ n ve¾mi rýchlo Things can the country to avoid being captured by the police. change in a heartbeat. fling back /fl ŋ/ phr v hodi spä The ﬁelder ﬂung back in private /in praivət/ prep phr v súkromí The police the ball as fast as he could. arrived at his place of work and asked to speak to him in private. friction / frikʃən/ n nezhoda Having my mother living incident / insidənt/ n incident A spokesman said it was with us causes friction at home. an isolated incident. fume /fju mz/ v sopti hnevom I was fuming when I found injury / ind əri/ n poranenie She was taken to hospital out what he‘d done! with serious head injuries. gang / ŋ/ n gang The two rival street gangs were ﬁghting instinctive /in stiŋktiv/ adj inštinktívny I felt myself to be a turf war. in danger and was overcome with an instinctive impulse to ﬂee. gap / p/ n medzera The neighbours‘ dog got in through irritate / iriteit/ v rozèu¾ova It really irritates me when a gap in the hedge. he doesn‘t help around the house. general / d enərəl/ n generál General Norman took jealousy / d eləsi/ n žiarlivos Polly felt a sharp pang of command today of the British troops in Northern Ireland. jealousy when she saw Paul with Suzanne. generate / d enəreitid/ v vytvára , vznika The Red kick up a fuss / kik p ə f s/ v phr nahlas sa s ažova Nose Day appeal generated millions of pounds from the public. The service in the café was atrocious, but Liz didn‘t want to kick up a fuss. get at sb /iz etiŋ t/ phr v kritizova niekoho Mum local consumer protection office / ləυkəl kən sju mə is always getting at me for one reason or another – I can‘t do prə tekʃən ɒfis/ n miestny úrad na ochranu anything right! spotrebite¾a The local consumer protection ofﬁce advised me get on sb´s nerves / etiŋ ɒn mai n vz/ v phr ís na to take the shop to the small claims court. nervy The constant racket of the dog barking was getting on local council / ləυkəl kaυnsəl/ n miestna my nerves. samospráva, mestská rada The local council decided get to sb / ets tə, tυ/ phr v hneva What gets to me is that they would have to cut back on the number of libraries. his complete disregard for other people‘s feelings. long-standing / lɒŋ st ndiŋ/ adj dlhotrvajúci, get your own back / et jər əυn b k/ phr urobi dlhodobý Robert was a long-standing member of the committee naschvál, postavi si hlavu Their cat was forever in my and was held in great respect. garden so I got my own back and bought a dog! machine gun /mə ʃi n n/ n automatická zbraò Then give in / iv in/ phr v vzda sa, rezignova Eventually came the sound of men shouting and a burst of machine-gun ﬁre. I gave in and accepted the job on their terms. manufacturers / m njυ f ktʃərəz/ n ve¾kovýrobcovia glance / lɑ ns/ v hodi poh¾ad The man glanced nervously The manufacturers ordered an immediate recall of all their cars at his watch, as if he was late. as soon as the fault came to light. gnarled /nɑ ld/ adj vetrom oš¾ahaný, drsný march /wə mɑ tʃt/ v pochodova The soldiers were Lightning had struck the gnarled old tree and felled it. marched around the barracks. go off with / əυiŋ ɒf wið, wiθ/ phr v vzia si bez mediation / mi di eiʃən/ n meditácia Mediation in povolenia I‘m fed up with my sister going off with my iPod – she the dispute was needed between the management of the company should buy her own! and its workers. greed / ri d/ n nenásytnos , pažravos Eating another millionaire / miljə neə/ n milionár The National Lottery pudding is just pure greed. has creased a lot more millionaires. hardly ever / hɑ dli evə/ adv ve¾mi zriedka, takmer mission / miʃən/ n výprava, misia He was sent on over nikdy We hardly ever get time to go to the cinema these days. 200 missions before being killed in action. hatred / heitrid/ n nenávis A look of pure hatred ﬂashed monk /m ŋk/ n mních The monk was killed along with the rest across her face. of the villagers. headphones / hedfəυnz/ n slúchadlá Shani bought motive / məυtivz/ n motív, dôvod His motives for asking some new headphones for her iPod. me to dinner were not exactly clear. heel /hi l/ n podpätok Ella wore black boots with high stiletto mucked in / m kt in/ phr v podeli sa, aha to spolu heels. Everybody mucked in and did their bit to make sure the play chilly / tʃili/ adj chladný, mrazivý It was a chilly November opened on time. morning. negotiation /ni əυʃi eiʃən/ n rokovanie Negotiations choir /kwaiə/ n zbor He joined a church choir at the age with the company had reached a crucial stage. of eight. nightmare / naitmeə/ n noèná mora Years after the accident identification /ai dentifi keiʃən/ n identifikácia Do I still have nightmares about it. you have any identiﬁcation? We need proof of who you are. noise pollution / nɔiz pə lu ʃən/ n zneèistenie hlukom, immigrants / imi rənts/ n pris ahovalci The government hluènos The concert in the park generated several complaints has no idea how many immigrants are in the country. of noise pollution from nearby houses. 47 no-man‘s-land / nəυ m nz l nd/ n územie nikoho sit back / sit b k/ phr v sadnú si Sit back and relax Here indeed was a man who could cross the no-man‘s land – I‘ll open a bottle of wine. between art and science. soldiers / səυld əz/ n vojaci The soldiers have just returned offending /ə fendiŋ/ adj otravný I decided to have the offending from the battleﬁeld. tooth removed. spare /speəd/ v ušetri Why his life was spared, no one knows. patient / peiʃənt/ n pacient My daughter is a patient in speedometer /spi dɒmitə, spi / n tachometer I thought the maternity ward – she‘s expecting twins! I was within the speed limit but the police claimed the speedometer peasant / pezənt/ n sedliak, ro¾ník Most villagers are in my car was faulty. peasant farmers. squat /skwɒt/ v drepnú si, urobi drep He squatted pedals / pedlz/ n pedále The second-hand bicycle was in down beside the little girl. good condition expect for the pedals, which needed replacing. stagger / st əd/ v potáca sa I staggered and nearly fell petty / peti/ adj triviálny The couple were always having on the icy pavement. petty squabbles, and ﬁnally they split up. stick up / st k p/ phr v postavi , vztýèi As soon as we piper / paipə/ n ten, kto hrá na gajdy At the Highland reached the peak, we stuck up a ﬂag to show we‘d succeeded. Games, pipers play the bagpipes. stroll over / strəυld əυvə/ phr v prejs sa I didn‘t know plaza / plɑ zə/ n námestie The plaza was crowded with people. him at all, but he strolled over casually and asked me for a lift portable / pɔ təbəl/ adj prenosný Gran likes to listen to home! her portable radio when she‘s outside gardening. take (them) to court / teik tə kɔ t/ v phr zažalova pride /praid/ n pýcha He wore his medals with pride. niekoho The car had never worked properly, but he had to procedure /prə si d ə/ n postup What‘s the procedure take the company to court before he could get his money back. for applying for a visa? take action /tυk kʃən/ v phr podniknú nieèo, proof /pru fs/ n dôkaz The editor checked through the proofs urobi nieèo I decided to take action when my son hadn‘t of the novel, looking for spelling mistakes.. cleaned his room for six days! propose /prə pəυz/ v navrhnú We oppose the changes take further action / teik f ðər kʃən/ v phr pokraèova proposed by the local planning authorities, as they would lower v èinnosti, procese, atï. The Head decided that to take house prices. further action would just make the situation worse. pulled a muscle / pυld ə m səl/ v phr porani si sval talk (it) over / tɔ k əυvə/ phr v vydiskutova si, He was training for the hurdles when he pulled a muscle in porozpráva sa When we talked it over we found that we his leg. were both in agreement. put forward /pυt fɔ wəd/ phr v predostrie , predloži , tanks /t ŋks/ n tanky The tanks rolled forward relentlessly, navrhnú They put forward a number of suggestions. ﬁring on enemy positions. quarrel / kwɒrəl/ n hádka I think they‘ve had a quarrel, tell sb off / təυld ɒf/ phr v vynada niekomu Jack was and they‘re not speaking to one another. told off for running in the corridor at school. rebel / rebəl/ n, adj rebel Anti-government rebels attacked temper / tempə/ n povaha, charakter That temper of the town. hers will get her into trouble one of these days. recalled /ri kɔ ld/ v vybavi si, pripomenú si The soldier throughout /θru aυt/ prep po celom It is a large organisation recalled the incident and gave a report to his superiors. with ofﬁces throughout the world. reduce /ri dju s/ v zmenši , redukova The governor to be out of control /wəz aυt əv kən trəυl/ v phr by announced a new plan to reduce crime. nezvládate¾ný The boy was expelled from school for refund /ri f nd/ v vráti spä , refundova I took being completely out of control. the radio back, and they refunded my money. token / təυkən/ n prejav, znak, znamenie Please resolution / rezə lu ʃən/ n rozhodnutie The unions and accept this gift as a small token of our appreciation. management have to bring the dispute to a swift resolution. trench /trentʃ/ n priekopa Workers dug a trench for gas rival / raivəl/ n rival, protivník This gives the company lines. a competitive advantage over its rivals. truce /tru s/ n prímerie They agreed to call a truce and row /raυ/ n hádka Liz and Bev had a row six months ago end the ﬁghting. and haven‘t spoken to each other since! trudge /tr d d/ v plahoèi sa, ís s námahou She seldom / seldəm/ adv zriedka Karen had seldom seen trudged wearily up the hill to the shops. him so angry. turnout / t naυt/ n úèas /¾udí niekde/ The government set the ball rolling / set ðə bɔ l rəυliŋ/ v phr rozprúdi were disappointed in the low turnout of 54 percent in the March The dinner was for charity, and we set the ball rolling by donating elections. £1000. twist the truth / twist ðə tru θ/ v phr prekrúti set up / set p/ phr v zaèa , založi They want to set up pravdu She always tries to twist the truth to serve her own their own import–export business. ends! 48 VIPs (very important persons) / vi ai pi z/ n dôležití ¾udia When we were told to expect to VIPs, little did we know that it would be the President and the ﬁrst lady. warfare / wɔ feə/ n boj, konflikt Computer-controlled warheads are one of the realities of modern warfare. was fed up to the neck /wəz fed p tə ðə nek/ phr ma všetkého po krk Jack was fed up the neck with his job as a debt collector, and decided to chuck it in. well-off / wel ɒf/ adj zabezpeèená finanène Children from well-off families usually go to public schools. wheat /wi t/ n pšenica The body was found in a wheat ﬁeld on the farm. whisper / wispə/ v šepka You don‘t have to whisper, no one can hear us. widen /həz waidnd/ v rozšíri sa, zväèši sa The gap has widened between rich and poor. withdrawal /wið drɔ əl/ n stiahnutie, odchod armády, zbraní, ... After the withdrawal of UN forces, war broke out again. zip /zip/ n zips The zip on my skirt had broken.