Climate Change Reporting in Africa Media Training Workshop October 8th 10th 2010 Addis Ababa Ethiopia What is politics Write on three cards what politics means to by zpf29989

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									Climate Change Reporting in
Africa

      Media Training Workshop
       October 8th-10th 2010
       Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
What is politics?

 Write on three cards
 what politics means to
 you. Each card should
 have single word
Politics and Climate Change Minus
          Pointing Fingers




           Patrick Luganda
            Media Trainer
           and Consultant
Climate Change and Politics
 Climate and politics make poor bed fellows as
 history tells us
 Climate is the most unpredictable and
 troublesome challenge for politicians
 Over 70% of natural disasters are climate related-
 WMO
 Drought leads to increase in hunger
 Hunger leads to anger and discontent
 Widespread food insecurity leads to national
 insecurity
Climate Change and Politics

 And consequently political social
 instability
 Death, injury to person and health
 insecurity
 Destruction of infrastructure, property
 Reversal of economic gains. Potential
 to disrupt socio-economic dev.
Climate Change and Politics

 The implications can be mind
 boggling and have the unpleasant
 potential of causing the collapse of
 the political order.
 Politicians know this only too well and
 history is littered with examples of
 politics and climate
What is Climate/ Climate Change

 Weather: the observed Temperature,
 precipitation and other atmospheric
 conditions over small area in time in a
 given geographical locality
 What is Climate: Observed weather (
 T & P) cover a long period of time
  What of Climate Variability-variations
 in observed climate conditions later
 leading to confirmation of climate
 change
Then Climate Change?

 But Climate change is the variation
 in the Earth’s global climate or in
 regional climates over a long time.
 It can involve changes in the average
 state of the atmosphere over long
 periods ranging from decades to
 millions of years
Climate Change In Africa
 Climate change already affecting crucial
 sectors
 Environment, agriculture, tourism, power
 generation, food security, poverty, health,
 urban rural migration and destroying the
 cohesive family unit and social disorders
 National policies and development goals
 such as National Plans of action and
 internationally linked agreements such as
 MDGs
Why Address Climate Change
Now?
 Economic development
 Adaptation at the national, community
 and household levels
 Public awareness
 Mitigation actions by the national
 government
 Mobilization of public support
Regional Situation
 Regional Cooperation in East, West, Southern and
 Central Africa need to urgently address issue.
 Move away from lip service
 African Union plays a leading role-CLIMDEV
 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
 Change
 World Meteorological Organization
 World Health Organization
 Millennium Development Goals
 Cartagena Protocol/Biodiversity
 National budgets and planning
Climate Change Causes

 These changes can be caused by
 dynamic process on Earth, external
 forces including variations in sunlight
 intensity, and more recently by human
 activities
 These are well documented by the
 science community particularly the
 IPCCC Reports
Linking Climate Change and
Politics
 Experts argue weakened and failing states
 will witness a rise in extremism, internal
 conflicts, radical ideologies, and dictators
 clinging on to power
 These scenarios lead to a dramatic
 increase in humanitarian-assistance and
 crisis response missions by the
 international community.
 However, the most dangerous and
 potentially destabilizing impact of climate
 change is mass migration.
Political Response to Climate
Change
 As the world’s population continues to grow (an
 increase of over a billion people in just the past 12
 years), migratory pressures become a major
 concern and a reality
 Libya is cooperating with the EU in a multi billion
 project to prevent the further migration of
 unwanted refugees to Europe
 When extreme climate conditions occur, there is a
 reactionary response by an increase in migrations
 to the large urban centers and cities (Masaai,
 Karimojong migrations 1984 to date)
 Conflicts such as in Darfur, pastoral communities
 have a strong climate correlation as do others
 around the globe
Social Political scenarios
 Nations unable to respond and adapt to the
 migratory impacts of climate change are
 literally forcing citizens to seek greener
 pastures.
 Migrations within nations and regions, and
 across borders and continents, are hugely
 destabilizing events – for the nations being
 evacuated and those being populated. (
 Refer to Sahel Region and Mediterranean
 Crescent)
Negative Impacts

 Disorder
 Poverty
 Cultural conflict
 Overtaxed social welfare systems
 These are consequences of human
 migrations from have-not nations, and
 are serious challenges to the haves.
Political Response to CC
 Populations these environments will face life-
 threatening conditions with reduced water
 supplies, decreasing agricultural productivity, ill
 health, and forced mass migrations. Experts call it
 the scenario the “threat multiplier”
 As impacts are felt, regional states will realize they
 lack capacity to adapt to the effects of climate
 change.
 The threats will multiply further as resentment
 builds to the developed world, seen as
 responsible for the climate crisis.
Current State of Affairs

 Many nations in Asia, Africa, and the
 Middle East already stagger under the
 weight of extreme poverty, hunger,
 social unrest, and political instability

 Climate change will make matters worse
 by further eroding the legitimacy of
 many governments and heightening
 international security concerns.
Take it or Leave It
 Asia: Fresh water for millions from
 glaciers may not exist by mid-century.
 Middle East : Rising seas threaten to
 contaminate aquifers, reducing precious
 fresh water resources
 Africa: Diminishing resources due to
 persistent drought, flooding and land
 use changes and pressure leading to
 conflicts. Land for crops and animals is
 turning to desert.
The Way Forward
 This presentation has been intended to
 attune your mind out of the Climate
 Change box to see reporting on Climate
 Change from a wider perspective and
 prepare you for the next part
 Cancun, Mexico is only two months
 away, the media especially in Africa
 needs to discuss the international
 debate from informed positions on the
 Politics and Climate Change
References:
 Report of the USA Military Advisory Board. “freedom’s
 Challenge” the Atlantic Council's book celebrating the 20th
 anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall
 Military Advisory Board Publication (2007)- “ Climate, Energy
 and the Dominant Challenges of the 21st Century.
 Linkages Between war and Temperature Change by David
 Zhang of the University of Hong Kong ( analyzed world
 history back to A.D. 1400 to find linkages between war and
 temperature changes)
 "Is Darfur the First Climate Change War?” Economist and
 Scientific American columnist Jeffrey Sachs at an event at
 Columbia University in 2007. "Don't doubt for a moment that
 places like Darfur are ecological disasters first and political
 disasters second.
 Miscellaneous literature data analysis.

								
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