Import Regulations For Honeybees by nikeborome


									                                                                                           Publication AP070
                                                                                           January 21, 2005

                                                     Animal Production

                                Import Regulations for Honeybees

        The honeybee business is expanding in this
province. To assure that it has a healthy future, hive
owners are asked to help prevent the entry of a number
of pests that can reduce the profitability of this
business, both for the individual farm as well as for the                        Microscopic view               Varroa mites on bee larva
provincial industry. This factsheet describes some of
the most important pests and how the provincial                          Greater Wax Moth (Galleria mellonella)
government has provided regulations to minimize the
chances that they enter this province. All of these                              Larvae of the Greater Wax Moth attack the honey
pests exist in Canada but so far not in this province.                   combs during storage and may damage the wooden
                                                                         frames in which they hang. In weak hives they may
Honeybee Tracheal Mite (Acarapis woodi)                                  attack the combs inside the hive.

        This microscopic mite lives inside the tracheal
tube of adult bees causing the weakening of the colony
and increased winter mortality.

                                                                                Greater Wax Moth, female               Damage to frames

                                                                         Small Hive Beetle (Aethina tumida)

    Microscopic view                 Infested tracheal tube                     The small hive beetle can cause damage to the
                                                                         comb, stored honey and pollen. If the infestation is
Varroa Mite (Varroa destructor)                                          heavy enough, bees may abandon their hive.

       The Varroa Mite is a parasite that affects only
honeybees. Its specialized mouthparts enable it to feed
on bee larvae (brood) and adult honeybees. Its own
brood development and life cycle are closely
synchronized with that of the bee. Without mite
controls, the colony will die.
                                                                                 Small hive beetle                 Small hive beetle in hive

   Copies of this and other publications may be obtained from the Department’s Regional Offices, the factsheet author or by visiting our
                                                 website at

                                                           GOVERNMENT OF
                                                    NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
                                                      Department of Natural Resources
       The Honeybee Tracheal Mite and the Varroa             4. Upon entry into the province all honeybees and
Mite are usually spread through the movement of              honeybee hives, regardless of compliance with
contaminated bees and hives, the Greater Wax Moth            subsection (1), shall be quarantined on the premises of
and the Small Hive Beetle usually spread through the         the importer for a period of 12 months from the date of
movement of contaminated hives and beekeeping                entry (section 20.2 (3)).
                                                             5. Honeybees and honeybee hives shall not be moved
Regulated entry of honeybees and hives into                  from the premises of the importer during the period of
Newfoundland & Labrador                                      quarantine set out in subsection (2) (section 20.2 (4)).

        To support the growth of the honeybee                6. Where honeybees or hives are brought into the
industry, the provincial government has passed               province in contravention of these regulations, the
regulations under its Livestock Health Act which             Director of Animal Health may order that they be seized
control the entry of honeybees and hives into this           and returned to their place of origin at the cost or
province. The regulations state:                             expense of the person owning, having possession,
                                                             custody or control of the animals (section 20.2.5).
1. A person shall not bring honeybees or hives into the
province unless they have first obtained a permit from       8. If infected honeybees or hives are found in the
the Director of Animal Health (section 15).                  province, they can be destroyed with or without
                                                             compensation (sections 9.2 and 9.3).
2. A person shall not bring honeybees or honeybee
hives into the province unless accompanied by a                     For the complete wording of these regulations
certificate signed by an official veterinarian or licensed   please contact the Director (Animal Health) or consult
veterinarian in the place of origin of the honeybees or      the provincial government website at
hives or by an accredited veterinarian or other person and look for the Livestock Health
approved by the Director of Animal Health certifying         Regulations under the Livestock Health Act.
that (section 20.2 (1)):
                                                             More Information
        (a) the honeybees and hives are free from the
        Honeybee Tracheal Mite, Varroa Mite, Greater                For more information on the pests of honeybees
        Wax Moth and Small Hive Beetle;                      please contact the department’s Natural Resources
        (b) the apiary from which the honeybees or
        hives originated were completely free from the       Image credits: United States Department of Agriculture;
        pests described in paragraph (a) when the                          National Bee Unit (UK); or uncited.
        honeybees or hives were taken from the apiary
        and in the 12 months immediately preceding           Written by:
        their departure; and
                                                             Dr. Hugh Whitney           David Jennings
        (c) the honeybees or hives were tested for the       Director                   Natural Resources Specialist
        pests described in paragraph (a) with negative       Animal Health Division     Production & Marketing Div.
        results within the 30 days preceding entry to        P. O. Box 7400             P.O Box 2006
        the province.                                        St. John’s, NL             Corner Brook, NL
                                                             A1E 3Y5                    A2H 6J8
3. A person who imports honeybees or honeybee hives
shall ensure that the honeybees and hives are not            (709) 729-6879 phone       (709) 637-2673 phone
exposed to other honeybees or honeybee hives during          (709) 729-0055 fax         (709) 637-2591 fax
shipment (section 20.2 (2)).

To top