January 21, 2005
Import Regulations for Honeybees
The honeybee business is expanding in this
province. To assure that it has a healthy future, hive
owners are asked to help prevent the entry of a number
of pests that can reduce the profitability of this
business, both for the individual farm as well as for the Microscopic view Varroa mites on bee larva
provincial industry. This factsheet describes some of
the most important pests and how the provincial Greater Wax Moth (Galleria mellonella)
government has provided regulations to minimize the
chances that they enter this province. All of these Larvae of the Greater Wax Moth attack the honey
pests exist in Canada but so far not in this province. combs during storage and may damage the wooden
frames in which they hang. In weak hives they may
Honeybee Tracheal Mite (Acarapis woodi) attack the combs inside the hive.
This microscopic mite lives inside the tracheal
tube of adult bees causing the weakening of the colony
and increased winter mortality.
Greater Wax Moth, female Damage to frames
Small Hive Beetle (Aethina tumida)
Microscopic view Infested tracheal tube The small hive beetle can cause damage to the
comb, stored honey and pollen. If the infestation is
Varroa Mite (Varroa destructor) heavy enough, bees may abandon their hive.
The Varroa Mite is a parasite that affects only
honeybees. Its specialized mouthparts enable it to feed
on bee larvae (brood) and adult honeybees. Its own
brood development and life cycle are closely
synchronized with that of the bee. Without mite
controls, the colony will die.
Small hive beetle Small hive beetle in hive
Copies of this and other publications may be obtained from the Department’s Regional Offices, the factsheet author or by visiting our
website at http://www.gov.nl.ca/agric/.
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
Department of Natural Resources
The Honeybee Tracheal Mite and the Varroa 4. Upon entry into the province all honeybees and
Mite are usually spread through the movement of honeybee hives, regardless of compliance with
contaminated bees and hives, the Greater Wax Moth subsection (1), shall be quarantined on the premises of
and the Small Hive Beetle usually spread through the the importer for a period of 12 months from the date of
movement of contaminated hives and beekeeping entry (section 20.2 (3)).
5. Honeybees and honeybee hives shall not be moved
Regulated entry of honeybees and hives into from the premises of the importer during the period of
Newfoundland & Labrador quarantine set out in subsection (2) (section 20.2 (4)).
To support the growth of the honeybee 6. Where honeybees or hives are brought into the
industry, the provincial government has passed province in contravention of these regulations, the
regulations under its Livestock Health Act which Director of Animal Health may order that they be seized
control the entry of honeybees and hives into this and returned to their place of origin at the cost or
province. The regulations state: expense of the person owning, having possession,
custody or control of the animals (section 20.2.5).
1. A person shall not bring honeybees or hives into the
province unless they have first obtained a permit from 8. If infected honeybees or hives are found in the
the Director of Animal Health (section 15). province, they can be destroyed with or without
compensation (sections 9.2 and 9.3).
2. A person shall not bring honeybees or honeybee
hives into the province unless accompanied by a For the complete wording of these regulations
certificate signed by an official veterinarian or licensed please contact the Director (Animal Health) or consult
veterinarian in the place of origin of the honeybees or the provincial government website at
hives or by an accredited veterinarian or other person www.gov.nl.ca/hoa/sr and look for the Livestock Health
approved by the Director of Animal Health certifying Regulations under the Livestock Health Act.
that (section 20.2 (1)):
(a) the honeybees and hives are free from the
Honeybee Tracheal Mite, Varroa Mite, Greater For more information on the pests of honeybees
Wax Moth and Small Hive Beetle; please contact the department’s Natural Resources
(b) the apiary from which the honeybees or
hives originated were completely free from the Image credits: United States Department of Agriculture;
pests described in paragraph (a) when the National Bee Unit (UK); or uncited.
honeybees or hives were taken from the apiary
and in the 12 months immediately preceding Written by:
their departure; and
Dr. Hugh Whitney David Jennings
(c) the honeybees or hives were tested for the Director Natural Resources Specialist
pests described in paragraph (a) with negative Animal Health Division Production & Marketing Div.
results within the 30 days preceding entry to P. O. Box 7400 P.O Box 2006
the province. St. John’s, NL Corner Brook, NL
A1E 3Y5 A2H 6J8
3. A person who imports honeybees or honeybee hives
shall ensure that the honeybees and hives are not (709) 729-6879 phone (709) 637-2673 phone
exposed to other honeybees or honeybee hives during (709) 729-0055 fax (709) 637-2591 fax
shipment (section 20.2 (2)).