alamo by bethstill

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									      Texas War for
independence/battle of the
          Alamo
      By Jessica McDaniel
        Tues-Thur 8-10
• The Alamo was a famous battle fought from Feb
  23 to March 6 1836
• The war was for Texan independence
• the Alamo is a historic structure in the center of
  San Antonio
• the Alamo has also been called the
  Thermopylae of America.
• The Thermopylae is a famous battle in which
  the ancient Greeks held off a large Persian
  force.
• The Alamo was built as a Roman Catholic
  Mission
• Padre Antonio Olivares, a Spanish missionary,
  established it at San Antonio in 1718
• The mission consisted of a monastery and
  church enclosed by high walls
• the Alamo was used by the Catholic Church to
  teach people the doctrines of the Church and
  was also a fortress
• The mission was originally called San Antonio
  De Valero. It was later called Alamo
• Alamo is the Spanish name for the
  cottonwood trees surrounding the mission
• The Texans occasionally used the mission as a fort
• In 1793, the mission ( the Alamo) was actually
  abandoned and then ten years later became a
  fortress for the Mexican Army. Many people
  believe that is how the site got the name Alamo
• 1835-1836, the people of Texas decided to sever their
  relations with Mexico because of dissatisfaction with the
  Mexican government
• to prevent the success of this independence movement,
  General Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna, in command of
  the Mexican Army, approached San Antonio with his
  troops. Lieutenant Colonel William Barret Travis and a
  force of about 150 Texans sought to defend the city
• They retreated to the Alamo to hold off the
  Mexican force of approximately 4,000 troops
• March 5, the garrison could not return
  Mexican fire because ammunition was low
• Early the next morning, the Mexicans
  succeeded in scaling the walls
• the Alamo" became a battle cry
• On April 6, 1830 the Mexican government
  forbids further American emigration to Texas.
                            letter from the Alamo




• On April 6, 1830 the Mexican government
  forbids further American emigration to Texas.
• On October 2, 1835 the Battle of Gonzales is
  waged and the War of Texas Independence
  begins
                          Letter from Barret




• On October 28, 1835 Texans are victorious at
  the Battle of Concepcion despite being
  outnumbered 5 to 1
• On March 1, 1836 the Convention of 1836
  begins meeting to sign a new constitution and
  form a new government
• On March 2, 1836 the Texas Declaration of
  Independence is adopted.
• On April 21, 1836 Texans under Sam Houston
  soundly defeat General Santa Anna at the Battle of
  San Jacinto. This victory secured Texas'
  Independence
• converts for nearly seventy years Construction
  began on the present site in 1724. In 1793,
• Spanish officials secularized San Antonio's five
  missions and distributed their lands to the
  remaining Indian residents.
• the old mission was referred to as the Alamo in
  honor of their hometown Alamo De Pares, Coahuila.
  The post's commander established the first recorded
  hospital in Texas in the Long Barrack.
• On the eighth day of the siege, a band of 32
  volunteers from Gonzales arrived, bringing the
  number of defenders to nearly two hundred
• Cannon and small arms fire from inside the
  Alamo beat back several attacks
• 300 of the 400 total soldiers stationed in the
  Alamo were taken to attack Matamoros.
• when the battle had ended and Santa Anna entered
  the Alamo compound to survey the scene of his
  victory.
• On April 21, forty-six days after the fall of the Alamo,
  less than 800 angered Texans and American
  volunteers led by General Sam Houston launched a
  furious attack on the Mexican army of 1,500 at San
  Jacinto
• People worldwide continue to remember the Alamo
  as a heroic struggle against impossible odds a place
  where men made the ultimate sacrifice for freedom
• the Alamo was already a hundred years old at the
  time of the siege and battle
• Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna added some 21
  cannons which he placed around the walls and began
  to prepare for a siege and battle.
• Committed to death inside the Alamo were 189
  known patriots who valued freedom more than life
  itself.
• the Alamo was used by the Catholic Church to teach
  people the doctrines of the Church and was also a
  fortress
• In 1793, the mission ( the Alamo) was actually
  abandoned and then ten years later became a
  fortress for the Mexican Army. Many people believe
  that is how the site got the name Alamo

								
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