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Wauconda Isshin-Ryu Karate Club Handbook Kids Class Originally Compiled by Sensei Tim Webb Tim@Senseiwebb.com www.wikc.org Yudansha (Instructors) Kyoshi Dave Machamer Chief Instructor Hachidan Sensei Tim Webb Godan Sensei Mike Edfors Godan Sensei Roger Witt Yodan Sensei Tony Rounds Sandan Sensei John Whitson Sandan Sensei Karl Burger Sandan Sensei Jerry Dumblaskas Shodan Sensei Dee Webb Shodan Sensei Karl Peterson Shodan Sensei Debbie Donahoe Shodan Sensei Richard Rooney Shodan L-R Sensei John Whitson, Sensei Dave Machamer, Sensei Tim Webb, Jerry Dumblaska, Chad and Sean Webb (bottom right) at Tim Webb‟s San-dan promotion. 2 "When you look at the sky, sometimes you see only the blue sky For a dragon hides above in the clouds." Tatsuo Shimabuku Sensei What is Karate? By Sensei Tim Webb Karate is a word that is made up of two Japanese symbols. One for 'Kara' which means empty or void using the modern symbol and the other for 'te' which means hand. I say using the modern symbol because before Karate was brought to Mainland Japan another symbol, one that sounds the same, for Kara was used. This symbol means China. So, traditionally, Karate meant “China Hand” in reference to the fact that Karate is a evolution of the older martial art, White Crane Kung Fu. However, Karate goes much deeper than just the literal translation of the symbols. Karate is often referred to as Karate-do, do means the way. Karate-do translates to "the way of the empty hand". If you truly follow Karate-do, it is more of a way of life than it is a sport or self-defense. Karate has more to do with self-esteem, self -control, and self-confidence than it does with self-defense. In America, there is a belief that if you are not the strongest, fastest, best looking, or in general, number 1 in what ever you do, you are discounted as a person. Karate-do has a different belief, as long as you try to be the best YOU can be, you are great. Karate-do is something you do for your whole life and it is more about what you do outside the dojo than what you do in. If you run a race and lose, as long as you learn something and try harder next time, you are not a loser. As long as you go to a tournament and try your best, that is all anyone can ask of you. When you go up for a test and your Sensei says "you could do 'this' better or 'that' a little different" do not think that he or she is reprimanding you. They are just trying to help you assess your performance so you can do better next time. Your Sensei will continue to do this until they are no longer your Sensei. At this point you will turn to self-assessment to better yourself. Sensei is commonly translated as 'teacher', but the literal meaning is 'one who has gone before'. A Sensei is someone who was once in your place in life and has agreed to help you move forward on your way (do). In English we call these people mentors and it is a good thing to find a mentor in whatever you do. I say “on YOUR way” because the path is different for every person. You cannot follow your teacher; everyone must walk their own path. I like the saying “I‟m on my way”. We use this all the time to convey we have started but we are not yet at our destination. This is Karate. As long as you are working to be a better person, to help others better themselves then you are the best regardless of what anyone else says and you are following Karate-do. Welcome to the WAY. . 3 4 Brief History of Isshinryu Tatsuo Shimabuku was born on September 19, 1908, in Kyan Village, Okinawa. At the age of 12, he began training with his uncle in Shuri-Te. He later studied Shorin-Ryu under Chotoku Kyan, Goju-Ryu with Chojun Miyagi, and Shorei-Ryu under Choki Motobu. Later in his life, he studied Okinawan Kobudo with Shinken Taira, from whom he learned the techniques of the bo and sai. Master Shimabuku was considered a master (they did not have the formalized belt ranking system that exists today) in Shorin-Ryu and also developed considerable skill in Goju-Ryu and Shorei-Ryu. From Kyan, Shimabuku learned Seisan, Naihanchi, Wansu, Chinto, Kusanku, and Tokumini No Kun (Bo#1) kata. Kyan was reported to have learned Tokumeni no kun from Tokumeni Pechin the creater of the kata. From Miyagi, he learned Seiuchin and Sanchin. From Shinken Taira, Tatsuo learned the following weapons kata: Chatanyara No Sai, Urashi Bo (Bo #2), Shishi No Kun (Bo #3), Hamahiga No Tuifa (tonfa). Tatsuo later developed two additional kata to add his repertoire: Sunsu and Kusanku Sai. Sunsu Kata was a combination of the other seven Isshinryu empty- hand kata and Kusanku Sai is Kusanku Kata attapted for the use with a sai. Tatsuo was not the only famous Shmabuku in karate. His younger brother, Zenpo Shimabuku, also studied Shorin Ryu under Chotoku Kyan. Zenpo eventually became the youngest 10th degree black belt and inheritor of Chotoku Kyan‟s Shobashi Shorin Ryu karate. Zenpo also has a son in karate called Zenryo Shimabuku. According to Ciso Shimabuku (Tatsuo‟s 2nd son) in a 1999 interview with A.J. Advincula, Tatsuo went to the Philippines for a short time before World War II broke out. He worked as a bodyguard for the owner of a company there. Ciso says that on many occasions Tatsuo went toe to toe with the Yakuza (Japanese Mafia) and won every time. When World War II moved into the Pacific, Master Shimabuku was a farmer back on Okinawa. Tatsuo was around 34 when Pearl Harbor was attacked. Since he was older it wasn't until many years later, with Japan losing the war, that Tatsuo was drafted. However by the time Tatsuo received his draft notice, The U.S. had already dropped the atomic bomb and the war was over. After the war Tatsuo began to teach an eclectic style of Karate called Chan Mighwa-Te (Small Eyed 5 Kyan's Karate). This style was a combination of Shorin-Ryu and Goju-Ryu, named in homage of Master Shimabuku's most pervasive Karate influence, Chotoku Kyan. Master Shimabuku began experimenting with a number of new, innovative techniques, most notably the vertical punch and block and a more stand up quicker stance which he later added to his new system of Karate. He still taught the traditional twist punch and block in Chan Mighwa-Te. On January 15, 1956, he officially announced the formation of a new style of Karate, Isshinryu. The literal translation is "One-Heart, One-Mind Style." A better meaning is the “Whole Hearted Style”. This is generally believed to mean that a persons Mind should follow their heart. If your heart is telling you to do something then your mind should work diligently to accomplish it. If we do not follow our heart we will be unhappy with our lives. Beginning in 1955, Shimabuku began to instruct a number of U.S. Marines in his front yard in Kyan Village. Some of the Marines of note are Don Nagle (NJ, died:2001), Harold Long (TN, died:1999), Steve Armstrong (WA), Harold Mitchum, Arsenio J. (AJ) Advincula (CA), Don Bohan (MI, died:1972), Tom Lewis, Harry Smith, and Sherman Harrill (IA, died:2001). Throughout the 1960s, as Master Shimabuku continued to teach Isshinryu to the Marines on Okinawa, many of his American students returned to the United States and opened dojos of their own. In 1964, Master Shimabuku made his first trip to the United States. He traveled to the United States again in 1966, spending time with Steve Armstrong in Tacoma, Washington; Harold Long in Knoxville, Tennessee; and Don Nagle in Jersey City, New Jersey. At this time, all three were promoted to 8th Dan by Master Shimabuku. Harold Mitchum was promoted to 8th Dan while still training on Okinawa. Steve Armstrong also filmed Master Shimabuku performing all 14 Isshinryu kata. Traveling was hard on Tatsuo so in 1967 he sent his son-in-law, Angi Uezu, as his personal representative. Uezu spent a year teaching at dojos in New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. In August of 1974, Master Kichiro Shimabuku, Tatsuo's eldest son, formed the Isshinryu World Karate Association (IWKA). On May 30, 1975, Master Tatsuo Shimabuku passed away at his home in Agena, Okinawa, after suffering a stroke. His eldest son, Kichiro Shimabuku, inherited the reigns of Isshinryu Karate, the rank of 10th Dan, and title of Soke. After Master Shimabuku's death, Isshinryu splintered with a number of associations and independent dojo's. 6 The Wauconda Isshinryu Karate Club was created in 1978. Classes where held on Friday nights in the gym at the Island Lake Grade School and on Tuesday nights in the Gym at the Wauconda High School. Club dues were $2 per student, per night and classes where taught by Master Jesse Gallegos. Master Gallegos would, on a regular basis, invite Sifu (Master in Kung-fu) Tony Estramirez to teach. Master Gallegos lived in Elgin and would drive up twice a week to instruct. Master Jesse Gallegos' wife Jane Gallegos, Ju-dan, still runs his dojo in Aurora. She also hosts the oldest running tournaments in Illinois, held in the spring and again in the fall. Jesse Gallegos‟ Sensei was Jim Chapman until Jim's death in 1975. Jim Chapman's Sensei was Don Nagal. In 1978 Dave Machamer started karate under Jesse Gallegos until Sensei Gallegos‟ death in 1995. Sensei Machamer received his Roku-dan (6th degree black belt) from Jesse Gallegos in 1992 and his 2nd Black sash in Chi Tao Kwan Su Kung – fu from Tony Estramerez. Sensei Machamer remains a loyal student of both his teachers to this day. The two stars on the class patch represent Sensei Machamer's two teachers. Wauconda Isshinryu Karate Club Kata Isshinryu Kata 7 1. 15 upper body 7. Niahanchi 13. Tokumeni no strikes 8. Wansu kun 2. 8 Basic Kicks 9. Chinto 14. Chatanyara no 3. Empi 10. Kusanku sai 4. Seisan 11. Sunsu 15. Urashi no kun 5. Sanchin 12. Kusanku no sai 16. Shi Shi no kun 6. Seiuchin Chi Tao Kuan Su Forms (Taught at Sensei‟s discretion) 1. Basic Squares of Knowledge – The Kicks 2. Basic Squares of Knowledge – The Hand Strikes 3. Basic Squares of Knowledge – The Blocks 4. Punching Sequence 5. Tiger Sharpens his Claws 6. Young Fist (Shaolin) 7. Five Monkey Staff Form 8. Fighting Form of the Way 9. Tiger Fights with Hidden Claws 10. Monkey Warrior Plays on Temple Grounds (Partial) 11. Rolling Monkey Fighting Form 12. Four Snakes Protect Two Tigers (Positive) 13. Fighting Monkey Stump Form – Two Monkeys cross a Narrow Path (Positive) 14. Fighting Monkey Stump Form – Two Monkeys cross a Narrow Path (Negative) 15. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage (Positive) 16. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage (Negative) 17. Monkey Warrior Short Temple Sword Form (Positive) 18. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Hallway Staff Form of the Way 19. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage Staff Form of the Way – Partial (Positive) 20. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage Staff Form of the Way – Partial (Negative) 21. Monkey Warrior Protects his Territory Staff Form of the Way (Positive) 22. Monkey Warrior Protects his Territory Staff Form of the Way (Negative) Kihon -fundamental; basic Kata Key R = Right RFB = Right Foot Back L = Left LFB = Left Foot Back RFF = Right Foot Forward R/L = right over left LFF = Left Foot Forward L/R = left over right Kihon Geri (Basic Kicks) Ichi (1) R Mae geri keage (Front snap kick) L Mae geri keage (Front snap kick) Ni (2) R Yoko geri keage (side snap kick) L Yoko geri keage (side snap kick) San (3) R Mae geri kekomi (front thrust kick to the knee) L Mae geri kekomi (front thrust kick to the knee) Chi (4) R Yoko geri kekomi (Side thrust Kick) L Yoko geri kekomi (Side thrust Kick) Go (5) R Groin Kick L Groin Kick Roku (6) R Fumikomi geri (Stomp) L Fumikomi geri (Stomp) Sichi (7) 45 degree right wide stance, R squat kick to solar plexus 45 degree left wide stance, L squat kick to solar plexus Hachi (8) R Ushiro geri (back kick) L Ushiro geri (back kick) Kihon Jodon (basic upperbody) Ichi (1) RFF R Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus LFF L Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus Ni (2) RFF R Uppercut to the Chin LFF L Uppercut to the Chin San (3) RFF L Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus LFF R Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus 9 Chi (4) RFF L Uppercut to the Chin LFF R Uppercut to the Chin Go (5) RFB L Low Block R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus LFB R Low Block L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus Roku (6) RFB L Middle Block R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus LFB R Middle Block L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus Sichi (7) RFB L Middle Shuto R Nukite (Spear hand) to the solar plexus LFB R Middle Shuto L Nukite (Spear hand) to the solar plexus Hachi (8) RFB L middle soft grab block R uppercut to the face LFB R middle soft grab block L uppercut to the face Ku (9) RFB L overhead Block R Seiken tzuki to the face LFB R overhead Block L Seiken tzuki to the face Ju (10) RFB L high Block L back fist to the face R Seiken tzuki to face LFB R high Block R back fist to the face L Seiken tzuki to face Ju-Ichi (11) RFB L Low Block 5 R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus LFB R Low Block 5 L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus Ju-Ni (12) RFB L Middle Block 5 R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus LFB R Middle Block 5 L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus Ju-San (13) RFF R shuto to solar plexus L shuto to collar bone LFF L shuto to solar plexus R shuto to collar bone Ju-Chi (14) Step out to the right in a 45 degree angle seiuchin stance R cross palm block L hook to stomach R hook to kidney Step out to the Left in a 45 degree angle seiuchin L cross palm block R hook to stomach L hook to kidney Ju-Go (15) Right foot behind left foot in a „T‟, thrust both arms out to front, R elbow strike to the rear Left arm guarding the face. Left foot behind Right foot in a „T‟, thrust both arms out to front, L elbow strike to the rear R arm guarding the face. 10 General Terms Karate - empty hand or Chinese hand Mawashi - round GI – Karate Uniform Mikazuki - crescent Obi –belt Nukite - spearhand Dojo – Training Hall Seiken - fist Hombu Dojo -The central dojo of an Tobi - jump organization Tzuki - punch Makiwara -punching board Uchi - strike Kyu -grade - refers to below blackbelt ranks Uke - (oo-kay) block Dan -blackbelt grade Hangetsu – Seisan Yudansha -one who has rank (a blackbelt) Ganayaku – Chinto Mudansha -one who does not hold rank (no Kwanku - Kusanku blackbelt) Enpi – Wansu Sensei -"One who has gone before"; teacher Tekki-Shodan – Naihanchi Soke -founder; head of family Renshi – Master Title, “Technical Instructor” Expressions Kyoshi – Master Title, “Master of Instructors” Hajime -(ha-jee-may) begin Hanshi – Master Title, “Master of Masters” Matte - Freeze Shiai -match or contest Yamae – stop Sanban -referee Aswatti – sit Mi-Gami - Name of the Isshinryu patch. Tachi rei - standing bow Mizugami –sea goddess Dozo -please Tori -partner performing technique Hai -yes Uke -partner receiving technique Karate no nishi sete – “Karate has no first Ippon -one point attack” Nihon -two point Domo arigato gazaimasu - thank you very much Jodan-upper area Keotsuke -(kee-oh-tskay) attention Ki -Mind; spirit; energy Ohayogozaimasu – good morning Ki-ai -A shout delivered for the purpose of Konnichiwa -good afternoon focusing all of one's energy into a single Kombanwa -good evening movement. Oyasumi Nasai - good night Kihon -fundamental; basic Ohayo – hello Kime – focus Sayonara - good bye Kamae -(kah-mai) posture/distancing Muga Mushin – No Self, No Mind Chin-na -seize-control Kuzush -balance breaking Target Areas Tameshi waza - breaking technique Jodan - upper area Waza -technique Chudan - middle area Kyusho -attack of vital points Gedan - lower area Tai sabaki -body movement Age - rising Dachi - stance Mae - front Empi - elbow Ushiro - back Geri - (geddy) kick Kakato - heel of foot Dachi (Stances) Keage - snapping Heiko Dachi – parallel stance Kekomi - thrusting Kiba Dachi - straddle, or "horse" stance Koshi - ball of foot or hips Kosa Dachi - crossed-leg stance Rei - bow Musubi Dachi - formal (feet together) stance 11 Nekoashi Dachi – cat stance Mae geri keage - front snap kick Sanchin Dachi – hourglass stance Mae geri kekomi - front thrust kick Soto hachiji Dachi - toe outward stance Mae tobi geri - flying front kick (Seiuchin) Mawashi geri – roundhouse kick Sho zenkutsu Dachi - short front stance (Seisan) Teiji Dachi - "T" stance Tzuki (Punches) Tsuru Ashi Dachi – crane stance Age tzuki - rising punch Uchi hachiji Dachi - toe inward stance Gyaku tzuki - reverse punch Seiken tzuki - straight punch Geri (Kicks) Oi tzuki - lunge punch Fumikomi geri – stomping kick Tate tzuki - side punch Ushiro geri – back kick Yoko geri keage - side snap kick Uchi (Strikes) Yoko geri kekomi - side thrust kick Empi uchi - elbow strike Nihon tobi geri - double jump kick Gedan uchi - downward strike Mikazuki geri – crescent kick Ha-ito uchi - ridge-hand strike Hittsui uchi - strike with knee Uke (Blocks) Ippon nukite - one-finger spearhand Age uke - rising block Mae empi uchi - front elbow strike Gedan uke - downward block Nihon nukite - two-finger spearhand Juji uke - "X" block Seiken jodan uchi - uppercut strike Mikazuki uke - crescent block Shotei - palm-heel strike Shotei uke - palm-heel block Tettsui uchi - hammerfist strike Shuto uke - knifehand block Uraken uchi - backfist strike Soe uke - union block Uraken chudan - backfist to solar plexus Ude uke - forearm block Uraken gedan barai - lower backfist strike Uraken shomen uchi - inverted backfist strike (to bridge of nose) Ushiro empi uchi - rear elbow strike Yoko empi uchi - side elbow strike Wauconda Isshin-Ryu Karate Club Genealogy 12 Tatsuo Shimabuku Don Nagle Jim Chapman Jessie Gallegos 1903 – 1975 1938 – 1999 ???? –1971 ???? - 1995 Sensei Dave Machamer Sensei Tim Webb Club Yudansha Name Rank Date of Rank (Date of Shodan) Dave Machamer Hachi-dan 2006 (1978) Tim Webb Go-dan 2006 (1999) Roger Witt Yo-dan 2006 (1996) Mike Edfors Go -dan 2006 (1999) John Whitson San-dan 2006 (2002) Karl Berger San-dan 2006 (2003) Al Freiberg Shodan 1991 Jerry Dumblauskas Shodan 2004 Deirdre Webb Shodan 2005 Karl Peterson Shodan 2006 13
"A Brief History of Isshinryu Karate"