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A Brief History of Isshinryu Karate

VIEWS: 165 PAGES: 13

									Wauconda Isshin-Ryu Karate Club Handbook
                Kids Class




             Originally Compiled by
                Sensei Tim Webb
          Tim@Senseiwebb.com   www.wikc.org
                             Yudansha (Instructors)

Kyoshi Dave Machamer Chief Instructor                                           Hachidan

Sensei Tim Webb                                                                 Godan
Sensei Mike Edfors                                                              Godan
Sensei Roger Witt                                                               Yodan
Sensei Tony Rounds                                                              Sandan
Sensei John Whitson                                                             Sandan
Sensei Karl Burger                                                              Sandan
Sensei Jerry Dumblaskas
      Shodan
Sensei Dee Webb                                                                 Shodan
Sensei Karl Peterson                                                            Shodan
Sensei Debbie Donahoe                                                           Shodan
Sensei Richard Rooney                                                           Shodan




 L-R Sensei John Whitson, Sensei Dave Machamer, Sensei Tim Webb, Jerry Dumblaska, Chad and Sean
                      Webb (bottom right) at Tim Webb‟s San-dan promotion.



                                               2
         "When you look at the sky, sometimes you see only the blue sky
                   For a dragon hides above in the clouds."
                          Tatsuo Shimabuku Sensei

                                       What is Karate?

                                    By Sensei Tim Webb

Karate is a word that is made up of two Japanese symbols. One for 'Kara' which means empty or
void using the modern symbol and the other for 'te' which means hand. I say using the modern
symbol because before Karate was brought to Mainland Japan another symbol, one that sounds
the same, for Kara was used. This symbol means China. So, traditionally, Karate meant “China
Hand” in reference to the fact that Karate is a evolution of the older martial art, White Crane
Kung Fu. However, Karate goes much deeper than just the literal translation of the symbols.
Karate is often referred to as Karate-do, do means the way. Karate-do translates to "the way of
the empty hand". If you truly follow Karate-do, it is more of a way of life than it is a sport or
self-defense. Karate has more to do with self-esteem, self -control, and self-confidence than it
does with self-defense.

In America, there is a belief that if you are not the strongest, fastest, best looking, or in general,
number 1 in what ever you do, you are discounted as a person. Karate-do has a different belief,
as long as you try to be the best YOU can be, you are great. Karate-do is something you do for
your whole life and it is more about what you do outside the dojo than what you do in. If you run
a race and lose, as long as you learn something and try harder next time, you are not a loser. As
long as you go to a tournament and try your best, that is all anyone can ask of you.

When you go up for a test and your Sensei says "you could do 'this' better or 'that' a little
different" do not think that he or she is reprimanding you. They are just trying to help you assess
your performance so you can do better next time. Your Sensei will continue to do this until they
are no longer your Sensei. At this point you will turn to self-assessment to better yourself.
Sensei is commonly translated as 'teacher', but the literal meaning is 'one who has gone before'.
A Sensei is someone who was once in your place in life and has agreed to help you move
forward on your way (do). In English we call these people mentors and it is a good thing to find
a mentor in whatever you do.

I say “on YOUR way” because the path is different for every person. You cannot follow your
teacher; everyone must walk their own path. I like the saying “I‟m on my way”. We use this all
the time to convey we have started but we are not yet at our destination. This is Karate. As long
as you are working to be a better person, to help others better themselves then you are the best
regardless of what anyone else says and you are following Karate-do. Welcome to the WAY.


.



                                                  3
4
Brief History of Isshinryu

                        Tatsuo Shimabuku was born on September 19, 1908, in
                        Kyan Village, Okinawa. At the age of 12, he began
                        training with his uncle in Shuri-Te. He later studied
                        Shorin-Ryu under Chotoku Kyan, Goju-Ryu with Chojun
                        Miyagi, and Shorei-Ryu under Choki Motobu. Later in his
                        life, he studied Okinawan Kobudo with Shinken Taira,
                        from whom he learned the techniques of the bo and sai.
                        Master Shimabuku was considered a master (they did not
                        have the formalized belt ranking system that exists today)
                        in Shorin-Ryu and also developed considerable skill in
                        Goju-Ryu and Shorei-Ryu. From Kyan, Shimabuku
learned Seisan, Naihanchi, Wansu, Chinto, Kusanku, and Tokumini No Kun
(Bo#1) kata. Kyan was reported to have learned Tokumeni no kun from Tokumeni
Pechin the creater of the kata. From Miyagi, he learned Seiuchin and Sanchin.
From Shinken Taira, Tatsuo learned the following weapons kata: Chatanyara No
Sai, Urashi Bo (Bo #2), Shishi No Kun (Bo #3), Hamahiga No Tuifa (tonfa).
Tatsuo later developed two additional kata to add his repertoire: Sunsu and
Kusanku Sai. Sunsu Kata was a combination of the other seven Isshinryu empty-
hand kata and Kusanku Sai is Kusanku Kata attapted for the use with a sai.

Tatsuo was not the only famous Shmabuku in karate.
His younger brother, Zenpo Shimabuku, also studied
Shorin Ryu under Chotoku Kyan. Zenpo eventually
became the youngest 10th degree black belt and
inheritor of Chotoku Kyan‟s Shobashi Shorin Ryu
karate. Zenpo also has a son in karate called Zenryo
Shimabuku. According to Ciso Shimabuku (Tatsuo‟s
2nd son) in a 1999 interview with A.J. Advincula,
Tatsuo went to the Philippines for a short time before
World War II broke out. He worked as a bodyguard
for the owner of a company there. Ciso says that on
many occasions Tatsuo went toe to toe with the
Yakuza (Japanese Mafia) and won every time.

When World War II moved into the Pacific, Master Shimabuku was a farmer back
on Okinawa. Tatsuo was around 34 when Pearl Harbor was attacked. Since he
was older it wasn't until many years later, with Japan losing the war, that Tatsuo
was drafted. However by the time Tatsuo received his draft notice, The U.S. had
already dropped the atomic bomb and the war was over. After the war Tatsuo
began to teach an eclectic style of Karate called Chan Mighwa-Te (Small Eyed


                                        5
Kyan's Karate). This style was a combination of Shorin-Ryu and Goju-Ryu, named
in homage of Master Shimabuku's most pervasive Karate influence, Chotoku
Kyan. Master Shimabuku began experimenting with a number of new, innovative
techniques, most notably the vertical punch and block and a more stand up quicker
stance which he later added to his new system of Karate. He still taught the
traditional twist punch and block in Chan Mighwa-Te.

On January 15, 1956, he officially announced the formation of a new style of
Karate, Isshinryu. The literal translation is "One-Heart, One-Mind Style." A better
meaning is the “Whole Hearted Style”. This is generally believed to mean that a
persons Mind should follow their heart. If your heart is telling you to do
something then your mind should work diligently to accomplish it. If we do not
follow our heart we will be unhappy with our lives. Beginning in 1955, Shimabuku
began to instruct a number of U.S. Marines in his front yard in Kyan Village. Some
of the Marines of note are Don Nagle (NJ, died:2001), Harold Long (TN,
died:1999), Steve Armstrong (WA), Harold Mitchum, Arsenio J. (AJ) Advincula
(CA), Don Bohan (MI, died:1972), Tom Lewis, Harry Smith, and Sherman Harrill
(IA, died:2001). Throughout the 1960s, as Master
Shimabuku continued to teach Isshinryu to the
Marines on Okinawa, many of his American students
returned to the United States and opened dojos of
their own. In 1964, Master Shimabuku made his first
trip to the United States. He traveled to the United
States again in 1966, spending time with Steve
Armstrong in Tacoma, Washington; Harold Long in
Knoxville, Tennessee; and Don Nagle in Jersey City,
New Jersey. At this time, all three were promoted to
8th Dan by Master Shimabuku. Harold Mitchum was
promoted to 8th Dan while still training on Okinawa.
Steve Armstrong also filmed Master Shimabuku
performing all 14 Isshinryu kata.

Traveling was hard on Tatsuo so in 1967 he sent his son-in-law, Angi Uezu, as his
personal representative. Uezu spent a year teaching at dojos in New York, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. In August of 1974, Master Kichiro Shimabuku,
Tatsuo's eldest son, formed the Isshinryu World Karate Association (IWKA).

On May 30, 1975, Master Tatsuo Shimabuku passed away at his home in Agena,
Okinawa, after suffering a stroke. His eldest son, Kichiro Shimabuku, inherited the
reigns of Isshinryu Karate, the rank of 10th Dan, and title of Soke. After Master
Shimabuku's death, Isshinryu splintered with a number of associations and
independent dojo's.


                                         6
The Wauconda Isshinryu Karate Club was created in 1978. Classes where held on
Friday nights in the gym at the Island Lake Grade School and on Tuesday nights in
the Gym at the Wauconda High School. Club dues were $2 per student, per night
and classes where taught by Master Jesse Gallegos. Master Gallegos would, on a
regular basis, invite Sifu (Master in Kung-fu) Tony Estramirez to teach. Master
Gallegos lived in Elgin and would drive up twice a week to instruct. Master Jesse
Gallegos' wife Jane Gallegos, Ju-dan, still runs his dojo in Aurora. She also hosts
the oldest running tournaments in Illinois, held in the spring and again in the fall.

Jesse Gallegos‟ Sensei was Jim Chapman until Jim's death in 1975. Jim
Chapman's Sensei was Don Nagal. In 1978 Dave Machamer started karate under
Jesse Gallegos until Sensei Gallegos‟ death in 1995. Sensei Machamer received
his Roku-dan (6th degree black belt) from Jesse Gallegos in 1992 and his 2nd Black
sash in Chi Tao Kwan Su Kung – fu from Tony Estramerez. Sensei Machamer
remains a loyal student of both his teachers to this day. The two stars on the class
patch represent Sensei Machamer's two teachers.




                     Wauconda Isshinryu Karate Club Kata
                               Isshinryu Kata



                                          7
1. 15 upper body           7. Niahanchi                13. Tokumeni no
   strikes                 8. Wansu                        kun
2. 8 Basic Kicks           9. Chinto                   14. Chatanyara no
3. Empi                    10. Kusanku                     sai
4. Seisan                  11. Sunsu                   15. Urashi no kun
5. Sanchin                 12. Kusanku no sai          16. Shi Shi no kun
6. Seiuchin

         Chi Tao Kuan Su Forms (Taught at Sensei‟s discretion)
1. Basic Squares of Knowledge – The Kicks
2. Basic Squares of Knowledge – The Hand Strikes
3. Basic Squares of Knowledge – The Blocks
4. Punching Sequence
5. Tiger Sharpens his Claws
6. Young Fist (Shaolin)
7. Five Monkey Staff Form
8. Fighting Form of the Way
9. Tiger Fights with Hidden Claws
10. Monkey Warrior Plays on Temple Grounds (Partial)
11. Rolling Monkey Fighting Form
12. Four Snakes Protect Two Tigers (Positive)
13. Fighting Monkey Stump Form – Two Monkeys cross a Narrow Path
   (Positive)
14. Fighting Monkey Stump Form – Two Monkeys cross a Narrow Path
   (Negative)
15. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage (Positive)
16. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage (Negative)
17. Monkey Warrior Short Temple Sword Form (Positive)
18. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Hallway Staff Form of the Way
19. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage Staff Form of the Way –
   Partial (Positive)
20. Monkey Warrior Protects the Temple Passage Staff Form of the Way –
   Partial (Negative)
21. Monkey Warrior Protects his Territory Staff Form of the Way (Positive)
22. Monkey Warrior Protects his Territory Staff Form of the Way
   (Negative)
Kihon -fundamental; basic
                                        Kata Key
                R = Right                                RFB = Right Foot Back
                 L = Left                                LFB = Left Foot Back
         RFF = Right Foot Forward                         R/L = right over left
         LFF = Left Foot Forward                          L/R = left over right

                               Kihon Geri (Basic Kicks)

Ichi (1) R Mae geri keage (Front snap kick)
              L Mae geri keage (Front snap kick)

Ni (2)         R Yoko geri keage (side snap kick)
               L Yoko geri keage (side snap kick)

San (3) R Mae geri kekomi (front thrust kick to the knee)
              L Mae geri kekomi (front thrust kick to the knee)

Chi (4) R Yoko geri kekomi (Side thrust Kick)
              L Yoko geri kekomi (Side thrust Kick)

Go (5)         R Groin Kick
               L Groin Kick

Roku (6)       R Fumikomi geri (Stomp)
               L Fumikomi geri (Stomp)

Sichi (7)      45 degree right wide stance, R squat kick to solar plexus
               45 degree left wide stance, L squat kick to solar plexus

Hachi (8)      R Ushiro geri (back kick)
               L Ushiro geri (back kick)

                            Kihon Jodon (basic upperbody)


Ichi     (1)   RFF R Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus
               LFF L Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus

Ni       (2)   RFF R Uppercut to the Chin
               LFF L Uppercut to the Chin

San      (3)   RFF L Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus
               LFF R Seiken tzuki (straight punch) to the solar plexus



                                            9
Chi     (4)     RFF L Uppercut to the Chin
                LFF R Uppercut to the Chin

Go      (5)     RFB L Low Block R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus
                LFB R Low Block L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus

Roku (6)        RFB L Middle Block R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus
                LFB R Middle Block L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus

Sichi (7)       RFB L Middle Shuto R Nukite (Spear hand) to the solar plexus
                LFB R Middle Shuto L Nukite (Spear hand) to the solar plexus

Hachi (8)       RFB L middle soft grab block R uppercut to the face
                LFB R middle soft grab block L uppercut to the face

Ku       (9)    RFB L overhead Block R Seiken tzuki to the face
                LFB R overhead Block L Seiken tzuki to the face

Ju      (10)    RFB L high Block L back fist to the face R Seiken tzuki to face
                LFB R high Block R back fist to the face L Seiken tzuki to face

Ju-Ichi (11)    RFB L Low Block 5 R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus
                LFB R Low Block 5 L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus

Ju-Ni    (12)   RFB L Middle Block 5 R Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus
                LFB R Middle Block 5 L Seiken tzuki to the solar plexus

Ju-San (13)     RFF R shuto to solar plexus L shuto to collar bone
                LFF L shuto to solar plexus R shuto to collar bone

Ju-Chi (14)     Step out to the right in a 45 degree angle seiuchin stance R cross palm
                block L hook to stomach R hook to kidney
                Step out to the Left in a 45 degree angle seiuchin L cross palm block R
                hook to stomach L hook to kidney

Ju-Go    (15) Right foot behind left foot in a „T‟, thrust both arms out to front, R
               elbow strike to the rear Left arm guarding the face.
               Left foot behind Right foot in a „T‟, thrust both arms out to front, L elbow
               strike to the rear R arm guarding the face.




                                             10
                                        General Terms

Karate - empty hand or Chinese hand                   Mawashi - round
GI – Karate Uniform                                   Mikazuki - crescent
Obi –belt                                             Nukite - spearhand
Dojo – Training Hall                                  Seiken - fist
Hombu Dojo -The central dojo of an                    Tobi - jump
organization                                          Tzuki - punch
Makiwara -punching board                              Uchi - strike
Kyu -grade - refers to below blackbelt ranks          Uke - (oo-kay) block
Dan -blackbelt grade                                  Hangetsu – Seisan
Yudansha -one who has rank (a blackbelt)              Ganayaku – Chinto
Mudansha -one who does not hold rank (no              Kwanku - Kusanku
blackbelt)                                            Enpi – Wansu
Sensei -"One who has gone before"; teacher            Tekki-Shodan – Naihanchi
Soke -founder; head of family
Renshi – Master Title, “Technical Instructor”         Expressions
Kyoshi – Master Title, “Master of Instructors”        Hajime -(ha-jee-may) begin
Hanshi – Master Title, “Master of Masters”            Matte - Freeze
Shiai -match or contest                               Yamae – stop
Sanban -referee                                       Aswatti – sit
Mi-Gami - Name of the Isshinryu patch.                Tachi rei - standing bow
Mizugami –sea goddess                                 Dozo -please
Tori -partner performing technique                    Hai -yes
Uke -partner receiving technique                      Karate no nishi sete – “Karate has no first
Ippon -one point                                      attack”
Nihon -two point                                      Domo arigato gazaimasu - thank you very much
Jodan-upper area                                      Keotsuke -(kee-oh-tskay) attention
Ki -Mind; spirit; energy                              Ohayogozaimasu – good morning
Ki-ai -A shout delivered for the purpose of           Konnichiwa -good afternoon
focusing all of one's energy into a single            Kombanwa -good evening
movement.                                             Oyasumi Nasai - good night
Kihon -fundamental; basic                             Ohayo – hello
Kime – focus                                          Sayonara - good bye
Kamae -(kah-mai) posture/distancing                   Muga Mushin – No Self, No Mind
Chin-na -seize-control
Kuzush -balance breaking                              Target Areas
Tameshi waza - breaking technique                     Jodan - upper area
Waza -technique                                       Chudan - middle area
Kyusho -attack of vital points                        Gedan - lower area
Tai sabaki -body movement                             Age - rising
Dachi - stance                                        Mae - front
Empi - elbow                                          Ushiro - back
Geri - (geddy) kick
Kakato - heel of foot                                 Dachi (Stances)
Keage - snapping                                      Heiko Dachi – parallel stance
Kekomi - thrusting                                    Kiba Dachi - straddle, or "horse" stance
Koshi - ball of foot or hips                          Kosa Dachi - crossed-leg stance
Rei - bow                                             Musubi Dachi - formal (feet together) stance



                                                 11
Nekoashi Dachi – cat stance                             Mae geri keage - front snap kick
Sanchin Dachi – hourglass stance                        Mae geri kekomi - front thrust kick
Soto hachiji Dachi - toe outward stance                 Mae tobi geri - flying front kick
(Seiuchin)                                              Mawashi geri – roundhouse kick
Sho zenkutsu Dachi - short front stance (Seisan)
Teiji Dachi - "T" stance                                Tzuki (Punches)
Tsuru Ashi Dachi – crane stance                         Age tzuki - rising punch
Uchi hachiji Dachi - toe inward stance                  Gyaku tzuki - reverse punch
                                                        Seiken tzuki - straight punch
Geri (Kicks)                                            Oi tzuki - lunge punch
Fumikomi geri – stomping kick                           Tate tzuki - side punch
Ushiro geri – back kick
Yoko geri keage - side snap kick                        Uchi (Strikes)
Yoko geri kekomi - side thrust kick                     Empi uchi - elbow strike
Nihon tobi geri - double jump kick                      Gedan uchi - downward strike
Mikazuki geri – crescent kick                           Ha-ito uchi - ridge-hand strike
                                                        Hittsui uchi - strike with knee
Uke (Blocks)                                            Ippon nukite - one-finger spearhand
Age uke - rising block                                  Mae empi uchi - front elbow strike
Gedan uke - downward block                              Nihon nukite - two-finger spearhand
Juji uke - "X" block                                    Seiken jodan uchi - uppercut strike
Mikazuki uke - crescent block                           Shotei - palm-heel strike
Shotei uke - palm-heel block                            Tettsui uchi - hammerfist strike
Shuto uke - knifehand block                             Uraken uchi - backfist strike
Soe uke - union block                                   Uraken chudan - backfist to solar plexus
Ude uke - forearm block                                 Uraken gedan barai - lower backfist strike
                                                        Uraken shomen uchi - inverted backfist strike
                                                        (to bridge of nose)
                                                        Ushiro empi uchi - rear elbow strike
                                                        Yoko empi uchi - side elbow strike




                         Wauconda Isshin-Ryu Karate Club
                                   Genealogy

                                                   12
Tatsuo Shimabuku        Don Nagle                Jim Chapman          Jessie Gallegos
   1903 – 1975         1938 – 1999               ???? –1971            ???? - 1995




       Sensei Dave Machamer                                          Sensei Tim Webb

                                 Club Yudansha
Name                Rank             Date of Rank (Date of Shodan)
Dave Machamer       Hachi-dan        2006 (1978)
Tim Webb            Go-dan           2006 (1999)
Roger Witt          Yo-dan           2006 (1996)
Mike Edfors         Go -dan          2006 (1999)
John Whitson        San-dan          2006 (2002)
Karl Berger         San-dan          2006 (2003)
Al Freiberg         Shodan           1991
Jerry Dumblauskas   Shodan           2004
Deirdre Webb        Shodan           2005
Karl Peterson       Shodan           2006




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