WorkSafe Magazine - October 2005 by gjjur4356

VIEWS: 151 PAGES: 24

									The WCB prevention magazine on occupational health and safety issues                                       October 2005

                                   act Finding time to develop
                                       effective health and
                                       safety programs is
                                       just one of the many
                                       challenges small
                                       business owners face

                                                     WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   1
                                                                                The WCB prevention magazine

    WorkSafeBC                                                             on occupational health and safety issues

    and videos
                                                                       WorkSafeBC (WCB)                                Editor-in-chief
                                                                       Communications                                  Donna Freeman

    online                                                             PO Box 5350 Stn Terminal
                                                                       Vancouver BC V6B 5L5                            Managing editor
                                                                                                                       Carolyn Stewart
                                                                       Phone 604 231-8690
                                                                       1 888 621-7233, local 8690                      Associate editor
                                                                       Fax 604 279-7696                                Jeff Rotin
    WorkSafeBC (WCB)                                                   E-mail worksafe@worksafebc.
                                                                                                                       Graphic design
    occupational health and safety                                                         Graham Coulthard

    books, brochures, videos, DVDs,                                                                                    Photography
    and posters can be purchased online                                                                                Khalid Hawe

    from                                                                                       Contributing writers
    (for orders shipped in B.C. only).                                                                                 Helena Bryan, Ian Gray, Susan Main, Gina
                                                                                                                       Lego, Anne-Rachelle McHugh, Jeffrey
                                                                                                                       Rotin, Corey Van’t Haaff
    You can also place orders by
    filling out the Fax Order Sheet,                                                                                   Benwell Atkins Moore
    available online at www.worksafe
                                                                                                                       Advertising representatives, and then sending it                                                                                   Advertising In Print
    one of two ways:                                                                                                   Phone 604 681-1811
                                                                                                                       Fax 604 681-0456
    • E-mail customer.service@
    • Fax 604 232-9703                                              WorkSafe Magazine is published six times a year by WorkSafeBC (the Workers’ Compensation Board
                                                                    of B.C.) to inform workers and employers of occupational health and safety issues that may affect or
      (toll-free 1 888 232-9714)                                                                              interest them.

    Or you can order by calling                                       To start or stop a free subscription to WorkSafe Magazine, or to update mailing information, visit
                                                              , call
    604 232-9704 (toll-free 1 866                                     604 231-8690 or toll-free in B.C. 1 888 621-7233, local 8690, or e-mail

    319-9704) from 8:30 a.m.                                                                                    Copyright
                                                                    No part of this publication may be reproduced for profit or other commercial enterprise, nor may any
    to 4:30 p.m., Monday to Friday.                                  part be incorporated into any other publication without permission from the editors of WorkSafe
                                                                                        Magazine. WorkSafe™ is a registered trademark of the WCB.

                                                                                WorkSafe Magazine strives for accuracy; however, the information contained
                                                                               within WorkSafe Magazine does not take the place of professional occupational
                                                                                                        health and safety advice.

                                                                    WorkSafe Magazine does not warrant the accuracy of any of the information contained in this publi-
                                                                    cation. WorkSafe Magazine and the WCB disclaim responsibility for any reader’s use of the published
                                                                       information and materials contained in this publication. The WCB does not warrant or make any
                                                                     representations concerning the accuracy, likely results, or reliability of the contents of the advertise-
                                                                               ments, claims made therein, or the products advertised in WorkSafe Magazine.

                                                                    The WCB does not warrant that any products advertised meet any required certification under any law
                                                                    or regulation nor that any advertiser meets the certification requirements of any bodies governing the
                                                                                                             advertised activity.

                                                                                                        Health and safety information
                                                                     If you have specific questions about health and safety in your workplace, please speak to your firm’s
                                                                      WCB safety officer or hygiene officer, or call the WorkSafe Call Centre at 604 276-3100, toll-free in
                                                                                                        B.C. at 1 888 621-SAFE (7233).

2    WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
WorkSafe Features
                                   October 2005
                                                                                           p. 6

Cover Story: Juggling act ......6
Small business owners know all too well
the reality of juggling a dozen different
jobs. Finding the time to develop a
workplace health and safety program
is just one of them — but one that can
potentially make or break a business.
                                                                                           p. 9

Hands On: The eyes have it ....4
Eye protection can save your vision —
even your life. This article tells you what
you need to know to protect yourself.

Shaking things up ..................9
The B.C. Shake and Shingle Association
aims to improve safety, one mill at a time.                                              p. 12

NAOSHWeek 2005 winners .........................................12
Thirteen organizations in B.C. have been recognized for their
outstanding promotion of workplace health and safety during the 2005
North American Occupational Safety and Health Week, including Winton
Global Lumber which took best new entry.

Safety soars at YVR ......................................................14
Dialogue, from the boardroom to the front line and back, helped get
Vancouver Airport Authority’s new safety culture off the ground.

Fighting fraud ..............................................................16
Workers’ compensation fraud costs everyone, and here’s how.

Attitude is everything ...................................................18
First-ever benchmark survey reveals pessimistic acceptance of
workplace safety, yet paves the way for improvement.

     Publications and videos ............................................................ 2
     WorkSafeBC update .................................................................19
     Infractions ..............................................................................20
     WorkSafe courses ................................................................... 22
     Policy decisions ......................................................................23
                                                                                                    WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   3
Hands On

 The eyes have it
 Eye protection can save your vision — even your life. Here’s what
 you need to know.

     By Gina Lego

     S    afety eyewear is an essential piece of personal
          protective equipment, but all too often workers
 wear the wrong kind or, even worse, don’t wear it at all.
                                                                     is unique and will require careful selection of proper eye
                                                                     Safety glasses provide minimum protection and are for
 The statistics are startling. In the five-year period ending        general working conditions where dust, chips, or flying
 2004, WorkSafeBC accepted more than 9,200 short-term and            particles may present a hazard. They are available in a variety
 long-term disability claims (excluding health care and reha-        of styles and provide side protection in the form of shields or
 bilitation costs) related to workplace eye injuries, at a cost of   wraparound arms. Lenses should have an anti-fog treatment.
 more than $28 million.                                              Goggles provide higher impact, dust, and acid or chemical
                                                                     splash protection than safety glasses. Molded goggles, like
 Types of protection
                                                                     those used for skiing, are suitable when workers are continu-
 Conducting a worksite assessment is the first step in deter-
                                                                     ally exposed to splash or fine dust, and should have indirect
 mining the correct fit between eye protection needs and job
                                                                     venting. For less fogging when working with large particles,
 conditions. Whether a worker is exposed to flying particles
                                                                     direct-vent goggles are recommended.
 from drilling or scaling, UVA/UVB rays, welding light and
 electrical arcs, or even bloodborne pathogens, each worksite        Face shields protect the full face from injury and they offer

 4     WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
                                                                                                                          Hands On

the highest impact protection and shelter from spraying,
chipping, grinding, chemicals, and bloodborne hazards. A
face shield is considered a secondary safeguard to protective
eyewear; it should never be worn without safety glasses or

Proper fit is critical
In order to get the maximum benefit from safety eyewear,
individuals should be test fitted and assigned a personal set         Close encounter with a 3.5-inch spike
of protective eyewear, then instructed on its care and main-          Wade Harding, an ironworker with B.I.D. Construction
tenance. As with any personal item, safety eyewear is more            Ltd. in Vanderhoof, learned first-hand the importance
likely to be used if it offers the right look and fit for the indi-   of wearing safety glasses when a 9-centimetre (3.5-inch)
vidual.                                                               spike from an airnailing gun ricocheted off a board and
                                                                      pierced the lens of his safety glasses, grazing his eyelid.
“One of the key factors in getting workers to wear safety
eyewear is to offer a choice of styles that suits their indi-         “I was holding a board down while the carpenter nailed
vidual needs,” says Kevin Birnie, WorkSafeBC (WCB) occu-              it into place using an airnailing gun. One minute I’m
pational safety officer. “People have a real preference for the       holding down a bent 2x4 piece of lumber, a split-second
type of eye protection they wear.”                                    later I’m falling back with a spike stuck through my
                                                                      safety glasses.
Darren Giesbrecht, shop foreman at the Oakmont Industries
Division of Guardian Building Products in Surrey, agrees.             “My vision was blurry for a couple of hours, but after
“Our workers are offered a choice of about six different styles.      getting the thumbs-up from a hospital visit, I went
If we don’t supply a style they like, we’ll reimburse them for        back to work and finished off my shift. If I hadn’t been
one of their own choosing.”                                           wearing the eye protection, I would have lost my eye
                                                                      — or worse.”
Don’t take it off                                                     Good safety habits paid big dividends that day, and good
Choosing the right safety eyewear is important, but                   training helped too. Just one week into his new job with
remember it can’t protect you if you’re not wearing it.               B.I.D., Harding was one of many working on a $105-
“Accidents happen when and where you least expect,” says              million sawmill expansion project in Vanderhoof. All
Ken Kirby, a WorkSafeBC engineer. “We often see eye                   new hires must successfully complete a half-day B.I.D.
injuries occurring outside of a worker’s usual workspace              Construction core safety program before they’re allowed
— not where the obvious hazards exist. For example, a worker          on the job site.
will take off his protective eyewear to do a job in another
area, and that’s when the accident occurs.
That’s why Kirby feels workers can never be too careful.
“Employers are encouraged to consider a general policy
where workers are required to wear their protective eyewear
at all times while on a worksite.”

Eye safety resources
For more information, contact your WorkSafeBC officer, call
the WorkSafe Call Centre at 604 276-3100, toll-free at 1 888
621-7233, or visit the following web sites:
• Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, Part 8: Eye
  and face protection http://regulation.healthandsafetycen-
• Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety,
  Safety Glasses and Face Protectors

                                                                                                  WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   5
Juggling act             Small business owners know all too well the reality of juggling a dozen
                         different jobs. Finding the time to develop a workplace health and safety program
                         is just one of them — but one that can potentially make or break a business.

    By Jeffrey Rotin

          ob Rome is, by necessity, a multitasker. With only       Kevin Evans, chair of the Coalition of BC Businesses and vice-
    R     seven employees at Kamloops Jet Vac Ltd., his
          busy tank and sewer cleaning and hydroexcavation
business, he has to juggle multiple roles.
                                                                   president, Western Canada, of the Retail Council of Canada,
                                                                   says, “It’s not that small employers aren’t concerned about
                                                                   safety. It’s just that they may lack the expertise and resources
“I have to be the purchasing agent, the marketing manager,         that medium-sized and large employers have to develop a
the collection agency, the strategist, and the personnel           health and safety program.”
manager,” he says.                                                 And sometimes they’re just coping with immediate concerns.
He’s also the safety manager: he and his staff work with heavy     “Many small businesses operate from week to week, from
equipment in high-risk underground situations. He needed to        payday to payday,” says Evans. “So when you have a short-
implement a safety program not only to protect his workers,        term focus on survival, sometimes longer-term issues take a
but also to lend credibility when bidding on contracts. It took    back seat.”
months to get safety procedures into written form, but he
sees it as an invaluable long-term investment. “Eighty percent
                                                                   Making safety a priority
                                                                   Successful business owners recognize that health and safety
of the work is to get the ball rolling. It takes much less work
                                                                   needs to be a priority. “The safety and security of your staff,
once the program’s in motion.”
                                                                   your store, and your products are absolutely critical, says
Unique hurdles                                                     Stacy Hall, owner of Justin Stitches. “You can’t afford not to
Small business owners face unique hurdles. Time manage-            address procedures around equipment that could set your
ment is certainly at the top of the list. With economics dictat-   store on fire.”
ing that staff be kept to an essential minimum, there usually      Hall creates and sells embroidered, imprinted, and laser-
isn’t a lot of support to help with the endless amount of          engraved clothing and accessories from a retail store and a
paperwork — filing PST and GST, payroll, inventory, regula-        corporate sales showroom in Vancouver. That means some of
tory compliance.

6     WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
Part of Stacy Hall’s safety program
is making time to train staff
(shown here with manager Mark
Halliday) on potentially dangerous
machines at her small business,
Justin Stitches.

   her 12 workers operate heat presses, embroidery machines,
   and a laser engraver. While all the equipment has built-in
   safety features, she still must carefully train her staff on
   proper safety usage. “You need to spend time talking to them
   and not just have them read the procedures outlined.”
   As Hall’s company expanded, so too did her capacity to
   manage health and safety. “It’s something that evolves as you
   get better and more organized in your business.”
   “Safety has to be as important as human resources, as inven-
   tory, as production,” says Terri Holizki, manager of Industry
   and Labour Services, Small Business, at WorkSafeBC (the
   WCB). “Once it is, we know it contributes to the success of a
   business.” In fact, according to WorkSafeBC data, new busi-
   nesses that failed after one year had three times the injury
   rate of businesses that lasted five years or more.

   Injuries can be devastating
   A workplace injury can have serious ramifications for a
   small business. “Seventy-five percent of small businesses in
   B.C. have five or fewer workers,” says Holizki. “If you have
   a serious injury and lose one worker, that’s 20 percent of
   your workforce.” That, in turn, can slow production. If equip-
   ment was also damaged or inventory was lost in a workplace
   accident, it can devastate your business.
   That applies even to businesses generally perceived as rela-
   tively low risk, such as retail stores and restaurants, which are
   among the larger employers of young workers. The restaurant
   industry also experiences a lot of staff turnover, especially
   students who work seasonally, so the safety message must be
   communicated frequently.
   The average restaurant employs fewer than 15 people, so
   again you have an owner who’s greeting guests, working in
   the kitchen, and managing staff. “Communication is vital,”
   says Mark von Schellwitz, vice-president, Western Canada,
   of the Canadian Restaurant and Food Services Association.
   “Maintaining a consistent safety message can get tricky
   during peak times when staff are busy and when staff overlap,
   coming and going at different times.”
                                          Continued on page 8

                                                                       WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   7
Continued from page 7                      What WorkSafeBC is doing                     Small businesses, those
                                           The Canadian Restaurant and Food             with fewer than 20 full-
    Resources at your                      Services Association has worked with
    fingertips                              WorkSafeBC to develop quickly read           time employees, make
    WorkSafeBC’s Small Business            safety tips for restaurateurs. “We’ve        up 92 percent of employ-
    Service Centre has a wealth of         come up with easy-to-understand
                                           material and simple steps that even
                                                                                        ers registered with Work-
    online resources geared specifically
    to small businesses. Here are a few    really busy small business owners can        SafeBC and they account
    key ones:                              implement in their establishments to         for 46 percent of all
                                           help reduce injuries,” says von Schell-
    • A Small Business Primer:
                                           witz.                                        serious injury claims and
      Guide to the WCB — A compre-
      hensive guide that covers            WorkSafeBC’s Small Business Service          36 percent of all fatality
      registering with the WCB,            Centre has collaborated with various         claims.
      reducing premiums by prevent-        associations and stakeholders from
      ing injuries and fostering early     different industries to create health
      return to work for injured           and safety materials that are relevant
      workers, dealing with accidents      to each respective industry. The goal         Top 5 reasons to develop
      and compensation claims, and         is to provide simple and effective tools,     a health and safety
      accessing WCB resources.             such as booklets, pamphlets, posters,         program
    • E-News — Free industry-specific      and hazard alerts, that make it as easy
                                           as possible for small businesses to           1. You care about your staff. As a
      e-mail updates, including hazard                                                      small business owner, you likely
      alerts, bulletins, industry news-    comply with the Occupational Health
                                           and Safety Regulation and create safe            have a close working relation-
      letters, regulation and policy                                                        ship with your employees. That
      updates, and incident summa-         workplaces.
                                                                                            direct line of communication can
      ries.                                WorkSafeBC has collaborated, for                 also make it easier for you to
    • StartSafe program — Provides         example, on a number of safety booklets          implement your program.
      industry-specific health and         for the retail sector, including Health &     2. You care about your business.
      safety information to small busi-    Safety Guide for New Retail Workers              Safety shouldn’t be an after-
      nesses that are newly registered     and Health & Safety for Retail Small             thought. A successful business
      with WorkSafeBC.                     Business. And there’s certainly a                includes good customer service,
    • Summary of Occupational              demand for these materials. Notes                good inventory control, good
      Health and Safety Requirements       Evans of the Retail Council: “When               financial planning, and, most
      for Small Business — Provides        we have presented small retailers with           importantly, keeping your staff
      small business employers and         accessible, useful, customized tools,            happy, healthy, and safe.
      workers with a quick, easy-to-       they’re very quick to grasp the utility of    3. You can reduce staff turnover.
      understand reference guide to        these and put them into action.”                 People want to work for
      the Workers’ Compensation Act                                                         someone who cares about their
                                           It doesn’t take as long as you might
      and the Regulation.                                                                   welfare. It’s a great way to boost
                                           think to implement a health and safety
    To find out more about these           program, insists von Schellwitz. “For            employee morale.
    and other resources, visit Small       most low-risk industries, such as retail      4. You can save money. A good
    Business Service Centre’s web site     and hospitality, you don’t have to devote        health and safety program can
    at smallbusiness.healthandsafety-      that much time to implement a proper             help reduce injuries, which can Or you can contact the     worksafe plan in your establishment,”            lower your costs and your insur-
    Service Centre at 604 214-6912,        he says. “There are some quick and               ance rates.
    toll-free 1 888 621-7233, or e-mail    simple ways that can go a long way to         5. You can get help. WorkSafeBC               keeping yourself and your staff safe.”           has plenty of industry-specific
    Your industry association may also                                                      information tools that are
    have health and safety resources.                                                       customized for small businesses.

8    WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
                                                                                                            What’s Working

      Shaking things up Association aims to
              The B.C. Shake and Shingle
                                            improve safety, one mill at a time

 By Anne-Rachelle McHugh

          he B.C. Shake and Shingle         how dangerous the industry can be.         Audit fills need
  T       Association (BCSSA), in part-
          nership with WorkSafeBC (the
WCB), has commissioned a mill-by-mill
                                            “I firmly believe that it’s critical for
                                            everyone in this industry to get on
                                            board to improve the health and safety
                                                                                       “This audit started with the shake and
                                                                                       shingle industry wanting to reduce
                                                                                       injuries and bring up compliance levels,”
audit aimed at helping members improve      of every worker in their mill,” says       says Kathy Thomas, WorkSafeBC
safety and lowering the industry’s unac-    Engh. “Accidents happen so quickly and     industry specialist. “When they
ceptably high assessment rate.              then all you’re left with is hindsight.”   approached us, we addressed it through
BCSAA hired consultant Russ Dosen-                                                     Industry Services. Industry money is
                                            The shake and shingle sector is one of
berg to complete thorough safety audits                                                routed back to the industry through
                                            the most dangerous of all sectors within
at each of the province’s 59 mills. Along                                              WorkSafeBC to support these kinds
                                            B.C.’s wood products manufacturing
with his partner, Dennis Clark, he                                                     of proactive measures. In this case we
                                            industry. The work is repetitive and
reviews health and safety procedures,                                                  look at the quality of the audits and see
                                            labour-intensive. Sometimes workers are
observes work practices, and outlines                                                  examples — with names removed — to
                                            poorly trained and/or using outdated
concerns and suggestions in a report                                                   ensure the audit is thorough, compre-
                                            equipment and razor-sharp saws.
that employers can use to improve                                                      hensive, and easily understood. Our role
safety. The mills are expected to imple-    Amputations and accidents among            is to help industry help itself.”
ment changes and achieve a substan-         young workers are common in the
                                                                                       WorkSafeBC is monitoring the audits to
tially better performance at a follow-up    industry. In 2004 the sector experienced
                                                                                       ensure they’re thorough and completed
audit one year later.                       16.9 injuries per 100 person-years of
                                                                                       on schedule.
                                            employment. Claim costs totalled $20.5
BCSSA manager Randy Engh hopes              million for the five-year period from      Dosenberg feels this limited involve-
that mills will embrace the program         2000 to 2004, averaging slightly more      ment from WorkSafeBC might make
and take advantage of Dosenberg’s           than $9,500 per claim.                     some mills more comfortable with the
expertise. The two missing fingertips
on Engh’s right hand are a testament to                                                                Continued on page 10

                                                                                               WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   9
                             SPECIFICATIONS                              SPECIFICATIONS                                                  CLASSIC 9''
                             • CSA Approved Steel Toe                    • CSA Approved Steel Toe and Steel Plate                            STEEL TOE
     6'' SAFETY                and Steel Plate
                             • Full Grain Leather Toe
                                                                         • Full Grain Leather Toe - Uniform Code
                                                                         • 1000 Denier Nylon
                                                                                                                                               SIDE ZIP
     WCB Special             • Breathable Nylon Upper                    • ANSI 75 lbs. Impact and Compression                                  WCB Special
                             • Oil/Acid Resistant Sole                     Rated Steel Toe
     $89.00                  • Slip Resistant Outsole                    • Non-Slip and Oil Resistant Outsole
                             Sizes 5 - 12, 13, 14, 15                    • Molded EVA Inserts - Cushioning
                                                                         • Removable Molded Orthotic Footbed
                                                                         • Synthetic Moisture Wicking Lining
                                                                         • Steel Shank - Torsional Strength
                                                                         54oz/pair (size 9 Men’s)
                                                                         2152 - Regular Width (D) - 7 - 12, 13 (Half Sizes through 12)
                                                 #2151                   2152W - Wide Width (EEE) - 8 -12, 13 (Half Sizes through 12)         #2152 & 2152W

                                                                                  Western Canada: (Head Office)              Lower Mainland: (Vancouver Area)
                                                                                  Phone: (250) 652-5266                     Phone: (604) 526-1631
                                                                                  Fax: (250) 652-4700                       Fax: (604) 526-3217
                Law Enforcement Equipment & Sporting Goods Distributor            Toll-Free: 1-866-652-2877                 Unit 7 825 McBride Blvd.,
                                                                                  Unit B, 2200 Keating X Road,              New Westminster, BC V3L 5B5
                                                       Victoria, BC V8M 2A6                      E-mail:

Shake and shingle                                       similar events from occurring. He says                 mills, which is really bad news,” says
                                                        standard safety — like a first aid kit or              Engh. “Our whole industry is affected
Continued from page 9                                   personal protective gear such as steel-                by the lowest common denominator, so
process. “I didn’t find anyone hiding                   toed boots — was anything but standard                 it’s not good for anybody.”
things,” he says. “There was no pretend-                at some mills.                                         Prospective mill off to a
ing they had procedures or training                     “A lot of these places don’t even have                 good start
in place when they didn’t. The vast                     fax machines or computers, let alone a
majority realize that injuries are too                                                                         Prospective Shake Products Ltd.
                                                        safety program. They are the kinds of
high and they were happy for the assis-                                                                        in Mission was one of the first mills
                                                        places where the manager is also the
tance. They particularly liked the hands-                                                                      audited. When Dosenberg conducted
                                                        maintenance guy who cleans up after
on coaching rather than just having a                                                                          the follow-up visit recently, he gave the
                                                        the shift.”
bunch of paperwork dumped on them.”                                                                            mill top marks — it achieved a year free
                                                        Participating mills have much to gain,                 of time-loss injuries.
Inadequate guarding was the single                      but not all are eager to embrace the
greatest deficiency that Dosenberg                                                                             Safety coordinator Sunny Donatelli
                                                        change. Both Dosenberg and Engh have
identified when he did the audits.                                                                             says the audit helped the company see
                                                        encountered difficulty dealing with a
Other common problems were improper                                                                            the importance of “paperwork” such as
                                                        few mills whose equipment and attitudes
lockout, insufficient fall protection, and                                                                     written safety procedures, scheduled
                                                        have evolved little over the years. The
inadequate training.                                                                                           mill inspections, and accident investiga-
                                                        BCSSA is monitoring mills that don’t
Dosenberg found many supervisors took                   participate.
“educated guesses” about their responsi-                                                                       “Before the audit, a lot of accidents were
                                                        “Some of the smaller independent mills
bilities, failed to conduct formal inspec-                                                                     just written off as human error,” she
                                                        don’t want to spend the time and effort
tions, and failed to document accidents                                                                        says. “Now when an incident occurs we
                                                        needed to bring this program to their
and complete investigations to prevent
                                                                                                                                         Continued on page 11

10   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
conduct an investigation to determine
why it happened and how we can keep it
from happening again.”
The company introduced a number
of changes to its health and safety
program, including monthly crew
talks, Workplace Hazardous Materi-
als Information System (WHMIS)
procedures, and a policy that forbids
cutting shingles smaller than 9 mm.
Other changes include improvements
to lighting, additional guarding, and a
safety manual with some safety regula-
tions in Punjabi.
“We weren’t up to standard and we
knew it,” says Donatelli. “Safety is so
much more of a focus now.”
If your company is interested in partici-
pating in an industry-led safety initia-
tive, contact WorkSafeBC Industry
Services at 604 214-6912, toll-free 1 888
621-7233, local 6912.

                                           Cold Fire® is a environmentally                                                        The Twin-Task™ line of flashlights
                                           friendly rapid cooling fire suppressing                                                 offers a patented LED/xenon combi-
                                           agent, leading the way in fire fighting                                                  nation, so you can choose between
                                           technology and revolutionizing the                                                     a super-bright light (xenon) and an
                                           way fire fighters combat fires!                                                           incredibly long runtime (LED).
                                               Cold Fire® gets its name from its
                                           extraordinary ability to remove HEAT                                                   Constructed of computer-machined
                                           from any object in which it comes in                                                   aluminum with an anodized finish,
                                           contact. The suppressants in Cold                                                                           O-ring sealed
                                           Fire® act as encapsulators that use                                                                          and featuring
                                           water as a catalyst to remove heat                                                                         an unbreakable
                                                and work to encapsulate the fuel                                                                   polycarbonate
                                                 source from a fire.                                                                             lens. Water resistant.


                                                                                     3AA TWIN-TASK™ LIGHT
                                                                                    available in black & titanium
                                                                                                         (shown)                      XENON – Run      3 LEDs – Run
                                                                                                                                      Time 2.6 Hours   Time 80 Hours

                 Law Enforcement Equipment & Sporting Goods Distributor                                 Law Enforcement Equipment & Sporting Goods Distributor

       Western Canada: (Head Office)       Lower Mainland: (Vancouver Area)                   Western Canada: (Head Office)        Lower Mainland: (Vancouver Area)
       Phone: (250) 652-5266              Phone: (604) 526-1631                              Phone: (250) 652-5266               Phone: (604) 526-1631
       Fax: (250) 652-4700                Fax: (604) 526-3217                                Fax: (250) 652-4700                 Fax: (604) 526-3217
       Toll-Free: 1-866-652-2877          Unit 7 825 McBride Blvd.,                          Toll-Free: 1-866-652-2877           Unit 7 825 McBride Blvd.,
       Unit B, 2200 Keating X Road,       New Westminster, BC V3L 5B5                        Unit B, 2200 Keating X Road,        New Westminster, BC V3L 5B5
       Victoria, BC V8M 2A6               E-mail:                        Victoria, BC V8M 2A6                E-mail:
       E-mail:                                  E-mail:

                                                                                                                            WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005           11
NAOSHWeek 2005 winners
Thirteen organizations in B.C. have
been recognized for their outstand-
ing promotion of workplace health
and safety in this year’s North
American Occupational Safety
and Health (NAOSH) Week from
May 1 to 7, 2005. NAOSHWeek is
an annual event designed to raise
awareness of workplace health and
safety issues. Companies of all sizes
are encouraged to participate. This
year’s theme was “equip.educate.

     The 2005 winners are:
     Best Overall - YVR/Vancouver International Airport Authority, in conjunction with Air Canada, Servisair/Globe
     Ground, World Wide Flight Services, and WestJet
     Best New Entry - Winton Global Lumber Ltd.
     Most Innovative - YVR/Vancouver International Airport Authority, in conjunction with Air Canada, Servisair/
     Globe Ground, World Wide Flight Services, and WestJet
     Best Presentation of Theme - Thrifty Foods #6, James Bay
     Educational Institutions - Simon Fraser University
     Federally Regulated Agencies – Canadian Forces Base, 19 Wing, Comox
     Forestry - Winton Global Lumber Ltd.
     Manufacturing - Pollard Banknote Ltd.
     Marine - Washington Marine Group
     Municipalities - City of Chilliwack
     Provincial/Crown Corporations - B.C. Legislative Assembly
     Retail - Thrifty Foods #6, James Bay
     Small Business - Sylvan Vale Nursery
     Tourism/Hospitality - Canadian Hotel Income Properties (CHIP Hospitality)
     Transportation of Goods - Rempel Bros. Concrete Ltd.
     Transportation of People - YVR/Vancouver International Airport Authority in conjunction with Air Canada,
     Servisair Globe Ground, World Wide Flight Services, and WestJet
     Winner: Participation Award – WorkSafeBC (the WCB) - Kamloops Area Office

     Next year’s NAOSHWeek will take place from April 30 to May 6. To learn more about the event and how your organi-
     zation can get involved, visit the NAOSHWeek web site at

12   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005

                                        Best New Entry — Winton Global
                                        By Susan Main

                                        Fake chemical burns and amputated-finger cookies were
                                        some of the ways this Northern company got workers
                                        thinking about safety.
                                        It’s no surprise that Winton Global Lumber in Prince George won
                                        the Best New Entry award for this year’s NAOSHWeek. The company
                                        used a dramatic approach to raise the issue of safety. Among other
                                        activities, supervisors and chargehands dressed up as injured
                                        workers with realistic-looking injuries, including finger amputations,
                                        broken arms, facial lacerations, and severe chemical burns.
                                        “They spent the day walking around with their injuries in full view,
                                        discussing them with the crew — basically saying ‘Don’t let this
                                        happen to you,’” says safety coordinator Terry Rathjen, who learned
                                        about NAOSHWeek online at
                                        Winton partnered with the local RCMP, ambulance, and fire depart-
                                        ment to remind community youth not to drink and drive. Seven local
                                        high school students staged a fatal accident in a parking lot using a
                                        car donated by a local wrecker.
                                        Guest speaker Michael Lovett told staff how his life changed forever
                                        when he was 18 after his leg was crushed by sawmill machinery.
                                        Other NAOSHWeek activities included a safety poster contest for
                                        workers’ children, staff safety quizzes, draws for Tim Horton’s coffee
                                        coupons, staff barbecues, and “amputated finger” cookies at a
                                        morning meet-and-greet.
                                        Winton, previously known as The Pas Lumber Company, employs
                                        350 workers at its Prince George planer mill and Bear Lake sawmill.
                                        The past three years have been a time of transition, with new
                                        management and new initiatives in employee training. For president
                                        Mike Low, NAOSHWeek was an “ideal opportunity” to consolidate
                                        new safety programs with our commitment to employee education
                                        and involvement.
Winton Global supervisors and           “It’s not only a benefit to our people, but it also contributes to the
chargehands reminded co-workers         industry and the community we live in,” Low says. “It’s something
of the possible consequences of         we can all be proud of.”
workplace accidents by modelling
fake but very life-like “injuries”
during NAOSHWeek.

                                                                                     WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   13
Safety Leadership

 John Beckett,
 manager of
 safety and
 training, and
 Michele Mawhinney,
 vice-president of
 human resources,
 are part of the process
 of changing Vancouver
 Airport Authority’s safety
 culture from the top down.

 Safety soars at YVR                          Dialogue, from the boardroom to the front line and
                                              back, has helped get Vancouver International Airport
                                              Authority’s new safety culture off the ground.

  By Corey Van’t Haaff

           hough the planes may all           snow and maintaining runways and           changing a culture, as they did at the

   T       be heading for the clouds,
           management and employees
 at Vancouver International Airport
                                              surrounding areas.
                                              “People can’t be replaced,” says Patter-
                                                                                         Airport Authority, the dialogue at the
                                                                                         top needs to be about safety.
                                              son. “When you lose a key member of        “We have to model and talk about
 Authority have their feet firmly planted     the team, more and more pressure is        what’s important,” she says. “Employees
 on the ground when it comes to safety.       placed on the organization.”               look to the executive team to find out
 The results speak for themselves: five
                                              Reducing injuries meant changing the       what really matters to the organization.”
 years without a time- loss injury in the
 Aviation Operations department.              entire safety culture at the Airport       That’s why every year the Airport
                                              Authority, and that meant starting at      Authority shares its business plan with
 It wasn’t always that way. Aviation          the top. The first step was becoming       all employees, and every year the top
 Operations was experiencing two or           aware of the problems and issues, says     objectives are safety, security, and envi-
 three injuries a month. Not only did the     Patterson. Upper management had to         ronmental performance. But it takes
 injured employees suffer, but the entire     recognize the problems and support         far more than a statement to transform
 department felt the loss.                    efforts to correct them, but the actual    an organization. It takes action. The
 “In a critical operating environment, it’s   solutions had to come from employees       Airport Authority also defined and
 difficult to lose people for any period of   on the front line.                         developed safe work practice codes with
 time,” says Brett Patterson, director of                                                input from employees.
 aviation operations. His employees are       Talk about culture change
                                              Michele Mawhinney, vice president          Every Airfield Maintenance shift begins
 responsible for operating specialized
                                              of human resources, says that when         with a team talk where workers plan
 heavy and light equipment for clearing

14   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
                                                                                   culture change
how they will do their jobs. As they         ists trained in airside safety and aircraft   “The bottom line,” says Patterson, “is to
discuss activities, they discuss safety.     firefighting.                                 start having a conversation about safety.
Employees also spend a few moments           John Beckett, manager of safety and           We give our employees all the tools to
stretching. The Airport Authority            training at the Airport Authority, was        do their jobs safely and we want to send
brought in a professional fitness trainer    responsible for managing the process of       people home with everything they came
to guide workers, and built a fitness        translating safety principles into action.    here with — all their fingers and toes.”
facility — complete with recommended         He says safety must always be the focus.
equipment — for the Airfield Mainte-
nance team.                                  “The minute you take your eye off the
                                             ball, people turn cynical,” he says. The
                                                                                             Eight steps to a better
“As an organization we recognize that        safety conversation has to be positive,         safety culture
your physical condition is part of who       continual, and consistent.                      1. Recognize the problem and
you are and it affects your ability to do                                                       become aware of the contribut-
your job,” says Patterson. “You need to      He says the conversation provides
                                             an opportunity for executives and                  ing issues.
get your body ready for it.”                                                                 2. Plan how employees will perform
                                             managers to talk about the positive
At the end of each shift, there’s a review   aspects of safety. That means managers             their jobs with safety in mind.
of how the work went and what issues,        getting out into the field with employees       3. Empower employees to influence
including safety issues, arose. Patterson    and performing tasks alongside them.               how they can work more safely.
says all employees know that if they                                                         4. Develop goals and measure
see anything unsafe, they should stop        “If you’re not managing the conversa-              success.
working.                                     tion, someone else is,” says Beckett,           5. Have consistent, positive conver-
                                             “and it may not be the same conversa-              sations with employees about
Keep your eye on the ball                    tion you want people to have.”                     safety.
From January 2000 until May 2005,            The Airport Authority also implemented          6. Enable employees to prepare
the Aviations Operations department          a recognition program for both depart-             their bodies for the tasks at
had no time-loss accidents (the record       mental milestones and individual safety            hand.
was broken during a training exercise        achievements. The President’s Award for         7. Debrief after each shift and
for emergency response personnel).           Safety Excellence, introduced in 2004,             address any safety issues.
During this time the department grew         is given to the group whose behaviours          8. Celebrate safety milestones.
from 17 to 43 workers, and included the      best prevent injuries.
addition of emergency response special-

                                                                                                   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   15
                                                                            Workers’ compensation fraud costs
Fighting fraud                                                              everyone, and here’s how
By Ian Gray

            raud against the workers’         and stifle economic growth. Fraud also      system for everyone involved.”

  F         compensation system is a
            serious crime which affects
workers, employers, and the public. And
                                              casts a shadow of doubt over thousands
                                              of legitimate claims and bogs down the
                                              system. One way or another, everyone
                                                                                          In recent months, Field Investigations
                                                                                          has begun pursuing criminal prosecu-
                                                                                          tion more aggressively as a deterrent
while it’s difficult to estimate the true     suffers.                                    for would-be cheaters. The department
scope of workers’ compensation fraud                                                      is also increasing its focus on employ-
in B.C., it’s clear that the problem is not   What we’re doing about it
                                                                                          ers who under-report payroll, suppress
limited to one specific group.                WorkSafeBC is committed to protecting
                                                                                          claims, or purposely avoid registering
                                              the public interest by detecting, inves-
Workers, employers, contractors, service                                                  with WorkSafeBC.
                                              tigating, and deterring fraud. Through
providers, and others are all capable of      its Field Investigations department,        “The cost of fraud from a single large
committing fraud against the system.          WorkSafeBC coordinates with provin-         employer can easily run into the tens or
A worker may exaggerate the nature            cial law enforcement and other regula-      hundreds of thousands of dollars,” says
or extent of his or her injury to receive     tory agencies to expose and prosecute       Eldridge. “Moreover, other employers in
increased benefits. An employer may           suspected cases of fraud. Information       the same rate group essentially end up
misrepresent the nature of his or her         obtained by Field Investigations also       subsidizing the costs.”
business to pay lower premiums. A             allows WorkSafeBC to deny or cancel
service provider may bill WorkSafeBC          unwarranted benefits and recover            What you can do to help
(the WCB) for bogus treatment and reha-       monies lost. These anti-fraud activities    Everyone has a stake in fighting
bilitation expenses.                          prevented the loss of over $13 million in   workers’ compensation fraud. If you
Cases such as these have the potential        2004 — costs that would have otherwise      suspect an individual or company of
to cost B.C.’s workers’ compensation          been passed on to B.C. employers.           committing fraud, call WorkSafeBC’s
system millions of dollars each year.                                                     Fraud Tip Line, toll-free at 1 877 523-
                                              “When someone cheats the system,            3315 to make a confidential report. You
But it’s not just WorkSafeBC that             it undermines those who play by the
suffers. The cost of fraud trickles down                                                  can also e-mail,
                                              rules,” says John Eldridge, manager of      or fill out a fraud allegation form on
to employers in the form of higher            Field Investigations. “Our work helps
premiums, which can hurt businesses                                                       our web site at
                                              maintain the equity and fairness of the     report_fraud/default.asp.

16   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
   Claims Call Centre
     604 231-8888
Employer Service Centre
    604 244-6181
  Prevention Services
     604 276-3100

                          Don’t lose sight
                            of your workers
                            Each year, hundreds of men and women lose
                            partial, or complete vision, in worksite mishaps.
                            The Occupational Vision Plan of B.C. has received reports of workers
                            who have had their vision saved by prescription safety eyewear.
                            Others have not been as lucky. OVP is a province-wide network of
                            optometrists dedicated to providing expert eye care and leading
                            prescription safety eyewear to B.C. workplaces. Entrust your
                            workers’ vision to the experts at OVP.

                            OVP is a program of the B.C. Association of Optometrists.
                            >>   604-270-6095        >>
                            >>   1-866-687-2226      >>    www.ovp.

                                                                                    A proud member of
                                                                                    the BC Safety Council

                                                                        WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005    17
 Attitude is everything

First-ever benchmark survey reflects negative attitudes
toward workplace safety culture, yet paves the way for change
 By Helena Bryan

           anadians believe workplace            deaths caused by drinking and driving

 C         accidents are inevitable,
           according to survey results
WorkSafeBC (the WCB) presented at
                                                 each year are seen as preventable,
                                                 whereas the same loss of life in the
                                                 workplace is considered inevitable.
its recent 2005 Public Forum. That’s
                                                 Societal attitudes toward drinking and
bad news for those in the business of
                                                 driving have changed so dramatically
keeping B.C.’s worksites injury-free, but
                                                 that the fatality rate is half what it was
there’s plenty of room for optimism.
                                                 in the 1980s, even though the number
Results of the survey also show it is
                                                 of cars on the road has increased
possible to change deeply entrenched
                                                 steadily. “We want society to have the
societal attitudes, and that doing so can
                                                 same views about workplace injuries
mean fewer injuries.
                                                 that they do about drinking and driving
The primary purpose of the Ipsos-Reid            accidents — that they’re not inevitable,”
survey, conducted for WorkSafeBC and
                                                                                              Survey says…
                                                 says Terry Bogyo, director of corporate
                                                                                              The Ipsos-Reid survey is the first study to
the Association of Workers’ Compensa-            planning at WorkSafeBC.
                                                                                              benchmark beliefs about workplace injury
tion Boards of Canada and based on
                                                 “The survey confirms what we’ve              against attitudes about another signifi-
random telephone interviews with 1,000
                                                 believed all along: Societal change is       cant cause of injury and death. Some key
Canadians, was to provide a baseline
                                                 possible, and shifting the way employ-       findings:
understanding of attitudes and beliefs
                                                 ers and workers think about workplace
about workplace injury. To do that, the
survey measured respondents’ attitudes
                                                 safety is the right strategy to take
                                                 injury prevention to the next level”
                                                                                              61      percent of Canadians surveyed
                                                                                                      believe that workplace accidents
                                                                                                      are inevitable
and beliefs about another significant
                                                 says Bogyo. “Five years from now we’ll
                                                                                                     percent believe accidents and
cause of injury and death, drinking and
driving, which is perceived very differ-
ently than it was two decades ago.
                                                 be able to use these survey results as
                                                 a benchmark to gauge how successful          36     injuries caused by drinking and
                                                                                                     driving are inevitable
                                                 we’ve been in changing attitudes toward
The survey results suggest a double-
standard: it appears that the 1,000
                                                 workplace injuries.”
                                                                                              86     percent claim that public
                                                                                                     awareness programs raised
                                                                                                     their awareness of the risks of
                                             WorkSafeBC uses a number of tactics to                  drinking and driving
                                          change societal attitudes toward workplace
                                             accidents, such as advertising, personal
                                           presentations from injured workers (shown
                                                                                              68     percent believe we’re paying
                                                                                                     enough attention to reduce
                                                                                                     workplace injuries.
                                        above, Mel Camilli), and participation in public
                                                  events with mascot WorkSafe Sam.

18   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
                                                                                                      WorkSafeBC Update

                                            Free safety seminar for                     Consultation input wanted
                                            parents                                     At WorkSafeBC, we think it’s impor-
                                            WorkSafeBC is sponsoring a free safety      tant to hear from stakeholders before
                                            seminar for parents. “Is Your Child Safe    changing the occupational health and
                                            at Work?” is ideal for members of safety    safety regulations. In the past, we’ve
                                            committees, as well as for parents of       noticed that many comments come
                                            young adults entering the work force.       from large employers, associations,
                                            Discover some of the key things new         and unions, and a few come from small
                                            and young workers should look for in an     business owners, worker representa-
                                            employer, and find out what their rights    tives, and joint comittee co-chairs. We’d
                                            and responsibilities are. Don’t let young   like to change that by expanding our
                                            people go to work without knowing the       web-based consultation process.
                                            risks they face and how you can help        If you’re a small business owner, a
                                            protect them from workplace harm.           worker representative, or a joint commit-
                                            The seminar will take place at Langara      tee co-chair and would like to get
                                            College, Vancouver, on Wednesday,           involved in the Occupational Health and
                                            October 26, 2005 from 6:30 p.m. to          Safety Regulation consultation process,
                                            9:00 p.m.                                   visit our web site at www.healthandsafe-
                                                                               and sign up for E-News.
                                            To register, call Langara College’s
                                                                                        We’ll send you e-mail notices about
                                            General Enquiries line at 604 323-5322
                                                                                        proposed changes to the Regulation and
                                            or visit their web site at www.langara.
                                                                                        let you know how you can send us your
WorkSafeBC launches                                                                     comments at a time most convenient for
TruckSafe program                           Call for nominations                        you.
WorkSafeBC (the WCB) officially             The British Columbia Safety Authority
launched the TruckSafe Strategy on          is accepting nominations for the first        Correction
September 20, 2005 during the BC            Lieutenant Governor’s Award for Public        In the August issue of WorkSafe
Safety Council’s Traffic Safety Sympo-      Safety. The award will be presented           Magazine, we incorrectly identi-
sium.                                       annually to an organization or individ-       fied a department in the “Fraud
The TruckSafe Strategy is a new strate-     ual who has demonstrated exceptional          costs everyone” advertisement
gic plan to prevent and reduce injuries,    leadership, innovation, or achievement        on page 20. Contact the Fraud
deaths, and other losses resulting from     in the promotion of safety in B.C.            Tip Line at 1 877 523-3315 if you
all types of trucking incidents — from      Nominations will be accepted until            suspect an individual or company
log hauling and chip trucks to freight      Friday, October 28, 2005. The nomina-         of committing fraud. We apologize
hauling, couriers, and tour buses. Work-    tion form and additional information are      for any inconvenience.
SafeBC will collaborate with industry,      available at
labour, government, and community           WorkSafeBC is one of the sponsors of
stakeholders to create and implement        the award.
common sense, practical, and cost-effec-
tive solutions to improve the safety of
drivers, trucks, loads, and roads in B.C.
TruckSafe reflects the commitment of
WorkSafeBC and its partners to the BC
Road Safety Plan and Canada’s Road
Safety Vision 2010.

                                                                                                WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   19
The purpose of “Infractions,” a regular item in WorkSafe Magazine, is to highlight the importance of making workplaces safe. The WorkSafeBC (WCB) Compliance
Section and the editors of WorkSafe Magazine believe British Columbians should know who has been penalized and why. We hope this information will help make
B.C. workplaces safer. The delay between the date of infractions and publication of the infractions in this magazine is partially a result of allowing time for employ-
ers and other interested parties to respond to the initial penalty and for the appeal process. The penalty amounts listed below include the results of any appeals of
the penalty.
Note: Dates shown indicate when infractions were imposed. Addresses shown are locations where infractions occurred, and not necessarily the addresses of the
penalized businesses.

392733 RFS200400415                                            Nov. 30, 2004          337161 RFS200300640                                            Sep. 30, 2004
$32,097                                                                               $6,183
Super Save Enterprises Ltd.                                                           Surrey Cedar Ltd.
19395 Langley Bypass, Surrey                                                          20667 78 Avenue, Langley
After a decision of the Workers’ Compensation Appeal                                  The firm failed to ensure the health and safety of a worker
Tribunal, finding that the firm had taken discriminatory                              and failed to guard the cab of an excavator used for falling
action against a worker, the firm failed to comply promptly                           trees. A worker died when a tree crushed the cab of the exca-
with the order to pay wages and remove references to the                              vator.
worker having been fired.
                                                                                      524667 RFS200400217                                            Feb. 28, 2005
88977 RFS200300297                                             Jun. 03, 2004          $2,552
$36,413                                                                               Durand Enterprise Ltd.
Dayton & Knight Ltd.                                                                  Commercial Building
City of Port Coquitlam                                                                480 East Columbia, New Westminster
Harbour Storm Pumphouse, Port Coquitlam                                               Repeat non-compliance with requirements for fall protection,
The firm failed to take action to control hazards to the                              safety footwear, and instruction and training of workers.
health and safety of persons at the workplace arising from
the movement of vehicle traffic. It also failed to immediately
report a hazard to the contractor on site.

                                                                                                     Matterhorn A89R
                                                                                                     Canada’s #1
                                                                                                     CSA Hard Hat

       Contact North for literature on                                                     Contact North for the complete
           RX Insert and specify                                                               catalogue and specify
               WS-054-QRX                                                                          WS-054-QSL

         1   •   877   •   95   •NORTH                                                       1   •   877   •   95   •NORTH
                                (66784)                                                                             (66784)
      Customer Service & Training Centers                                                 Customer Service & Training Centers
      Montreal • Toronto       Edmonton                                                   Montreal • Toronto       Edmonton

20   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
123773 RFS200400119                             Mar. 04, 2005    demonstrated by repeat orders involving lack of workplace
$75,000                                                          inspections, inadequate guardrails and handrails on stair-
West Fraser Mills Ltd.                                           ways, inadequate access to work areas, and poor ladder
Fraser Lake Sawmill                                              usage.
Highway 16, East of Fraser Lake Sawmills
A young worker was fatally injured when caught in an             347075 RFS200400125                                          Mar. 22, 2005
unguarded idler at a location workers were required to access    $4,477
on a regular basis.                                              Citta Construction Ltd.
                                                                 Sun River Estates
177031 RFS200300212                             Mar. 14, 2005    Residential Housing Development, Sooke
$2,500                                                           This employer, as a prime contractor, repeatedly failed to
Canadian Dewatering Ltd.                                         ensure that a qualified coordinator was appointed to ensure
Kelly Avenue, Port Coquitlam                                     the coordination of health and safety activities at multiple-
Failure to maintain the limits of approach resulted in contact   employer construction workplaces.
with a high-voltage power line, putting nearby workers at
high risk of serious injury or death.                            650366 RFS200400161                                           Apr. 01, 2005
268080 RFS200400172                             Mar. 14, 2005    Andrew Frederick Minter
$3,430                                                           DBA Total Roofing
J C R Construction Ltd.                                          New Seniors Complex
932 Johnson Street, Victoria                                     55 Cokato Road, Fernie
Workers were observed 12 m (40 ft.) above the ground             Workers were observed working on a steep sloped roof
without adequate guardrails or other fall protection. The        without fall protection.
employer’s general failure to ensure worker safety was also


                                                                      Contact North for our
    Contact North for free literature                                  complete catalogue
      and specify WS-054-QRO                                         and specify WS-054-QDL

       1   •   877   •   95   •NORTH                                   1   •   877   •   95   •NORTH
                              (66784)                                                         (66784)
    Customer Service & Training Centers                             Customer Service & Training Centers
    Montreal • Toronto       Edmonton                               Montreal • Toronto       Edmonton

                                                                                                          WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   21
     WorkSafe                                ™

     Six one-day WorkSafe education courses are
     offered by the WCB WorkSafe Education
     • Hazard Recognition and Control
     • Joint Health and Safety Committee Training
     • Occupational Health and Safety in Small
     • Preventing and Investigating Musculoskel-
       etal Injury (MSI)
     • Preventing Workplace Violence
     • Supervisor Safety Management
     For more information visit the WorkSafe
     courses web page at
     default.asp, or call the WorkSafe Call Centre
     at 604 276-3100, toll-free in B.C. at 1 888 621-
     SAFE (7233).

22   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005
Policy decisions
          he following is a summary of policy decisions final-   • Set out that in long-term average earnings calculations,

  T       ized by the WorkSafeBC (WCB) Board of Directors.
          To view resolutions in full, visit the WorkSafeBC
web site at
                                                                   the capital cost allowance or depreciation amount for
                                                                   equipment that is a required component of the contract of
                                                                   service will be deducted from gross earnings where it does
                                                                   not exceed 15 percent of the purchase price of the equip-
Section 251 decision — Recurrence of                               ment
disability                                                       • Clarify the application of the policies to workers who must
At its meeting on August 8, 2005, the Board of Directors           pay for any operating costs and/or equipment that is a
considered a decision of the chair of the Workers’ Compen-         required component of the contract of service
sation Appeal Tribunal that policy item #1.00(4) (now
                                                                 The amendments came into effect on October 1, 2005, and
#1.03(b)(4)) of the Rehabilitation Services and Claims
                                                                 apply to all injuries that occur on or after that date.
Manual is so patently unreasonable that it is not capable
of being supported by the Workers Compensation Act and           For more information, contact Cameron Angus at 604 232-
its regulations. This determination was made under section       1849.
251(3) of the Act.
                                                                 Transfer of experience between firms
The specific issue for the Board of Directors to determine was   The Board of Directors has approved amendments to Work-
whether the policy in question can be rationally supported       SafeBC’s policy on the transfer of experience, as provided in
by the Act. To assist in answering this question, the Board of   Item AP1-42-3 (Transfer of Experience Between Firms) of the
Directors sought advice from its general counsel, the Policy     Assessment Manual.
and Research Division, and from an independent and external
legal counsel. The Board then determined that the policy is      When a firm transfers all or part of its business operations
not patently unreasonable and that the Workers’ Compensa-        to another firm or firms, WorkSafeBC must determine if the
tion Appeal Tribunal must apply it.                              original firm’s experience should transfer to the successor
                                                                 firm(s). Under the old policy the original firm’s experience
For more information, contact Susan Hynes at 604 276-5160.       would only transfer to a successor firm if 50 percent of each
                                                                 firm’s ownership was the same. Item AP1-42-3 is amended to
Average earnings and equipment expenses
                                                                 enable WorkSafeBC to consider “affiliation” between firms
The Board of Directors has approved amendments to Work-
                                                                 as criteria for experience transfer. In addition, Item AP1-42-
SafeBC’s policy on workers who have equipment and operat-
                                                                 1 (Experience Rating) is amended to include a definition of
ing expenses, as provided in policies #68.61, #68.62, and
#68.63 of the Rehabilitation Services and Claims Manual,
Volume II.                                                       The amendments came into effect on June 1, 2005, and apply
                                                                 to all decisions made on or after that date.
The three policies on the average earnings of workers who
have equipment and operating expenses were reorganized           For more information, contact Cameron Angus at 604 232-
into two policies, and changed in order to:                      1849.
• Add a category of equipment deduction for “light” equip-
  ment in short-term average earnings calculations

                                                                                                WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005   23
The International Union of Operating Engineers:
   Your partner in skills and safety training

      Unionized contractors set
      the industry benchmark
      for a safety-conscious and
      productive workforce.

      For over 100 years, the
      International Union of
      Operating Engineers has
      worked with industry and
      government in developing
      superior safety standards
      and training programs.

      Do you need access to
      highly skilled equipment

      Call us to find out more.

The International Union of Operating Engineers
                           A better way to work
                                        604-291-8831 or 1-888-486-3115
24   WorkSafe Magazine • October 2005

To top