Allergies and systemic ailments by nikeborome

VIEWS: 64 PAGES: 109

									Brain & Nervous System
Headaches
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486

MacPherson H : Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Nutritional Therapy

Harel, Z., et al. 2002. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

in the management of recurrent migraines in adolescents. J Adolesc Health.

31(2):154-61


Mauskop, A, et al. 1996. Intravenous magnesium sulfate rapidly alleviates

headaches of various types. Headache. 36:154-160.


Savi, L et al. 2002. Food and headache attacks. A comparison of patients with

migraine and tension-type headache. Panminerva Med. 44(1):27-31

Bodywork Therapies
Dworkin S LeResche L 1991 Assessing clinical signs of temperomandibular
disorders. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 63:574-579
Graf-Radford S Myofascial pain may present clinically as occipital neuralgia

Jensen K Pericranial muscle tenderness and pressure pain threshold in temporal
region during common migraine. Pain Supplement 4:S574 1987

Langemark M 1987 Pericranial tenderness in tension headaches Cephalgia 7:249-255

Lous I 1982 Evaluation of pericranial tenderness and oral function in patients with
common migraine, muscle contraction headache and combination headache. Pa in 12:385-
393

Mootz R Dhami M 1994 Chiropratic rteatment of chronic episodic tension type
headaches. Journal Canadian Chiropractic Association 38(3):152-159

Norris C M 1995a Spinal stabilisation. 1. Active lumbar stabilisation – concepts.
Physiotherapy 81(2):61–64
Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger point
manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore

Skaggs C 1997 Temperomandibular dysfunction: chiropractic rehabilitation.
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2(1):208–213
Upledger J, Vredevoogd J 1983 Craniosacral Therapy. Eastland Press, Seattle

Vernon H 1995 Effectiveness of chiropractic manipulative therapy in treatment of
headache: an exploration of the literature. Journal of Manipulative and
Physiological Therapeutics 18(9):611-617

Migraine
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486

MacPherson H : Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Nutritional Therapy
Egger J, et al. 1983. Is migraine food allergy? A double-blind trial of
oligoantigenic diet treatment. Lancet. ii:865-869

Facchinetti F, et al. 1991. Magnesium prophylaxis of menstrual migraine: effects
on intracellular magnesium. Headache. 31:298-301.

Gallai V, et al. 1992. Serum and salivary magnesium levels in migraine. Results
in a group of juvenile patients. Headache. 32:132-135.

Glueck, C. J., et al. Amelioration of severe migraine with omega-3 fatty acids: a
double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial. American Journal of Clinical
Nutrition. 43(4):710, 1986
Grant EC. 1979. Food allergies and migraine. Lancet. I:966-969

Harel, Z., et al. 2002. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
in the management of recurrent migraines in adolescents. J Adolesc Health.
31(2):154-61

Hughs EC, et al. 1985. Migraine: a diagnostic test for etiology of food sensitivity
by a nutritionally supported fast and confirmed by long-term report. Ann Allergy.
55:28-32
Monro J, et al. 1980. Food allergy in migraine. Lancet. ii:1-4
Wagner, W., et al. 1997. Prophylactic treatment of migraine with gamma- linolenic and
alpha-linolenic acids. Cephalagia. 17(2):127-130.

Bodywork Therapies
Bono G et al 1998 The clinical profile of cervicogenic headache as it emerges from
a study based on the early diagnostic criteria Funcional Neurology 13(1):75–77

Bono G et al. 2000 Whiplash injuries: clinical picture and diagnostic work-up. Clin
Exp Rheumatol 18(2) Suppl 19: S23–S28
Edeling J 1997 Manual therapy rounds. Cervicogenic, tension-type headache with
migraine: a case study. J Manual Manipulive Therapy 5(1):33–38
Evers S et al 2003 The cerebral hemodynamics of headache associated with sexual
activity Pain 102(1-2) :73-78
Hernandez-Reif M et al 1998 Migraine headaches are redcued by massage therapy.
International Journal of Neuroscience 96:1-11
Herzog J 1999 Use of cervical spine manipulation under anesthesia for
management of cervical disk herniation, cervical radiculopathy, and associated
cervicogenic headache syndrome. J Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics
22(3):166–170
Schoensee S et al 1995 The effect of mobilization on cervical headaches. J
Orthopedic Sports Physical Therapy21 4):184–196
Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger
point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore

Sjaastad O et al 1990 Cervicogenic headache: diagnostic criteria. Headache
301(1):725–726

Zwart J 1997 Neck mobility in different headache disorders. Headache 37(1):6–11


Neuralgia
Nutritional Therapy
Borsook, H., et al. The relief of symptoms of major trigeminal neuralgia (tic
doloreux) following the use of vitamin B1 and concentration liver extract. Journal
of the American Medical Association. April 13, 1940:1421.
Eckert M, Schejbal P. 1992. [Therapy of neuropathies with a vitamin B
combination. Symptomatic treatment of painful diseases of the peripheral nervous
system with a combination preparation of thiamine, pyridoxine and
cyanocobalamin] [Article in German]. Fortschr Med. 110(29):544-8.
Furtado, D., et al. 1942. Treatment of trigeminal neuralgia with nicotinic acid.
Rev Clin Espan. 5:416.


Glore S, et al. 1991. Trigeminal neuralgia: case study of pa in cessation with a low-
caffeine diet. J Am Diet Assoc. 91;1120-1121
Lobzin, V. S., et al. [Pathogenetic therapy of trigeminal neuralgia.] Zh Nevropatol
Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 91(4):25-27, 1991.

Heyblon, R. Vitamin B12 in herpes zoster. JAMA. 146:1338, 1951.

Schiller, F. Herpes zoster: review, with preliminary report on new method for
treatment of postherpetic neuralgia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2:726-735, 1954.

Bodywork Therapies
Brechner V 1983 Myofascial pain syndrome of the lateral pterygoid muscle
Journalof Craniomandibular practice 1(1):43-45 \

Canavan D 1994 Traumatic dysesthesia of the Trigeminal nerve. Journal Orofacial
Pain 8(4): 391-6.

Diamond S 1994 Clinical symposia : Head pain, diagnosis and management.
Summit NJ:Ciba-Geigy Corporation.

Gremillion H 1998 Dental influences on trigeminal neuralgia. Presentation at
Trigeminal Neuralgia Association Conference November 12 – 15 Orlando, Florida
Kappler R Ramey K 1997 Head:Diagnosis & Treatment. In: Ward R (ed)
Foundations for Osteopathic Medicine. Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
Knibestol M, Hildingsson C, Toolanen G. 1990 Trigeminal sensory impairment
after soft-tissue injury of the cervical spine. A quantitative evaluation of cutaneous
thresholds for vibration and temperature. Acta Neurol S cand 82(4): 271-6

Lay, E 1975 The osteopathic management of trigeminal neuralgia Journal
American Osteopathic Association 74:55-71.

Magoun H 1976 Osteopathy in the Cranial Field (3 rd edition) Journal Printing Co.,
Kirksville,Mo
McGlone R 1988 Trigeminal pain due to whiplash injury. Injury 19(5):366.

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger
point Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
(pp318-328)
Travell J 1981 Identification of myofascial trigger point syndromes : a case of
atypical facial neuralgia. Archives of Physical medicine & Rehabilitation 62:100-
106


Neuropathy
Nutritional Therapy
Bean, B. B et al. 1950. An effect of vitamin B12 on pain in nutritional neuropathy.
Am J Med Sci. 220:431-434

Davidson S. 1954. The use of vitamin B12 in the treatment of diabetic
neuropathy. J Florida Med Assoc. 15:717-720
Horrobin DF. 1992. The use of gamma- linolenic acid in diabetic neuropathy.
Agents Actions Suppl. 37:120-144.
Jalaludin MA. 1995. Methylcobalamin treatment of Bell‟s palsy. Methods Find
Exp Clin Pharmacol. 17:539-544.
Jones CL et al. 1978. Pyridoxine deficiency: A new factor in diabetic neuropathy.
J Am Pod Assoc. 68:646-653.
Keen H et al. 1993. Treatment of diabetic neuropathy with gamma- linolenic acid.
Diabetes Care. 16(1):8-14.
McCann VJ et al. 1978. Serum pyridoxal concentrations in patients with diabetic
neuropathy. Aust NZ J Med. 8:259-161

Reichert R. 1995. Evening primrose oil and diabetic neuropathy [review].
Quarterly Review of Natural Medicine. Summer 1995:129-133

Sancetta SM et al. 1951. The use of vitamin B12 in the management of
neurological manifestations of diabetes mellitus, with notes on the administration of
massive doses. Ann Int Med. 35:1028-1048
Saperstein DS & Barohn RJ. 2002. Peripheral neuropathy due to cobalamin
deficiency. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 4(3):197-201.
Bodywork Therapies

Blum C 1988 Cranial Therapeutic approach to Cranial nerve entrapment. ACA
Journal of Chiropractic 22(7):63-67
Browning J 1988 Chiropractic distractive decompression in the treatment of pelvic
pain and organic dysfunction with evidence of lower sacral root compression.
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 11:426-432

Browning J 1995 Distractive manipulation protocols in treating the mechanically
induced pelvic pain and organic dysfunction patient. Chiropractic Technique 7:1-11

Browning J 1996 The mechanically induced pelvic pain and organic dysfunction
syndrome: an often overlooked cause of bladder, bowel, gynaecological and sexual
dysfunction. J.of Neuromusculoskeletal Systems 4:52-66
Butler D, Gifford L 1989 Adverse mechanical tensions in the nervous system.
Physiotherapy 75:622–629
Butler D 1991 Mobilisation of the nervous system. Churchill Livingstone,
Edinburgh

Chu J 1995 Dry needling/intramuscular stimulation in myofascial pain related to
lumbosacral radiculopathy. European Journal of Physical Medicine Rehabilitation
5(4):106-121
Dobrusin R Osteopathic approach to conservative management of thoracic outlet
syndromes Journal American Osteopathic Association 89:1046-1057
Garfinkel M 1998 Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome: a
randomized trial. Journal American medical Association 280:1601–1603

Magoun H 1968 Entrapment neuropathy in the cranium Journal American
Osteopathic Association 67:643-652 (February); 67:779-787 March); 67:889-899
(April).
Sequeira W 1999 Yoga in treatment of carpal-tunnel syndrome Lancet 353(
9154):689-690
Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger
point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore
(pp459-471)

Sucher B 1994 Myofascial manipulative release of carpal tunnel syndrome
:documentation with MRI Journal American Osteopathi Association 94:647-663
Upledger J 1987 Craniosacral Therapy : Beyond the Dura. Eastland Press, Seattle
(pp1-110)


Memory Impairment
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Nutritional Therapy
Bryan J et al. 2002. Short-term folate, vitamin B-12 or vitamin B-6 supplementation
slightly affects memory performance but not mood in women of various ages. J Nutr.
132(6):1345-56

Budge MM et al. 2002. Total plasma homocysteine, age, systolic blood pressure, and
cognitive performance in older people. J Am Geriatr Soc. 50(12):2014-8
Gamoh S et al. 1999. Chronic administration of docosahexaenoic acid improves
reference memory-related learning ability in young rats. Neuroscience. 93:237-241

Gamoh S et al. 2001. Chronic administration of docosahexaenoic acid improves
the performance of radial arm maze task in aged rats. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol.
28(4):266-270
Hassling L et al. 1999. Further evidence on the effects of vitamin B12 and folate
levels on episodic memory functioning: a population-based study of healthy very
old adults. Biol Psychiatry. 45(11):1472-1480

Jama JW et al. 1996. Dietary antioxidants and cognitive function in a population-
based sample of older persons. The Rotterdam Study. Am J Epidemiol.
144(3):275-80.
Kalmijn S. 2000. Fatty acid intake and the risk of dementia and cognitive decline:
a review of clinical and epidemiological studies. J. Nutr. Health. Aging. 4:202–207

Kalmijn S et al. 1997. Dietary fat intake and the risk of incident dementia in the
Rotterdam Study. Ann. Neurol. 42:776–782.

McCaddon A et al. 2001. Homocysteine and cognitive decline in healthy elderly.
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord.12(5):309-13

Morris M S et al. 2001. Hyperhomocysteinemia associated with poor recall in the
third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. American Journal of
Clinical Nutrition. 73(5):927-933
Perkins AJ et al. 1999. Association of antioxidants with memory in a multiethnic
elderly sample using the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
American Journal of Epidemiology. 150(1):37-44.

Perrig WJ et al. 1997. The relationship between antioxidants and memory
performance in the old and very old. J Am Geriatr Soc. 45(6):718-725.
Prins ND et al. 2002. Homocysteine and cognitive function in the elderly: the
Rotterdam Scan Study. Neurology. 12;59(9):1375-80
Schmidt R et al. 1998. Plasma antioxidants and cognitive performance in middle-
aged and older adults: results of the Austrian Stroke Prevention Study. J Am
Geriatr Soc. 46(11):1407-10

Bodywork Therapies
Aldridge S 2003 High blood sugar linked to memory decline. Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences February 2003. Reported on- line at
<http://www.healthandage.com/Home/gm=0!gc=3!gid1=3240>
Emery, C et al 2001 Acute effects of exercise on cognitive function among patients with
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical
Care Medicine, 164:1624-1627.

Lum L 1994 Hyperventilation Syndromes In : Timmons B Ley R. (eds) Behavioral and
Psychological Approaches to Breathing Disorders. Plenum Press New York

Schleip R 2003 Fascial plasticity - a new neurobiological explanation Journal of
Bodywork and Movement Therapies 7(1):11-19

Herman S, Blumenthal J, Babyak M et al Exercise Therapy for Depression in Middle-
Aged and Older Adults 2002 Health Psychology 21(6):553-563

Han J Stegena K, et al 1999 Influence of breathing therapy on complaints, anxiety and
breathing pattern in patients with hyperventilation syndrome and anxiety disorders
Journal of Psychosomatic Research 41(5):481-493

Pereira O 1988 The Hazards of Heavy Breathing, New Scientist, Dec: 46-48

Pryor J Prasad S 2002 Physiotherapy for respiratory and cardiac problems (3rd edition)
Churchill Livingstone Edinburgh

Tweeddale P, Rowbottom I 1993 Breathing retraining: Effect on anxiety and depression
scores in behavioural breathlessness Journal of Psychosomatic Research 38(1):11-21

Dementia
Nutritional Therapy
Calvani M et al. 1992. Action of acetyl-L-carnitine in neurodegeneration and
Alzheimer‟s disease. Ann NY Acad Sci. 663:483-486

Candy JM et al. 1986. Aluminosilicates and senile plaque formation in Alzheimer‟s
disease. Lancet. 15: 354-357

Clarke R et al. 1998. Folate, vitamin B12, and serum total homocysteine levels in
confirmed Alzheimer's disease. Arch Neurol. 55(11):1449-1455

Conquer JA et al. 2000. Fatty acid analysis of blood plasma of patients with Alzheimer's
disease, other types of dementia, and cognitive impairment. Lipids. 35:1305-1312

Englehart MJ et al. 2002. Dietary intake of antioxidants and risk of Alzheimer disease.
JAMA. Jun 26;287(24):3223-9.

Forbes WF & Hill GB. 1998. Is exposure to aluminium a risk factor for the development
of Alzheimer disease – YES. Arch Neurol. 55:740-741
Glueck CJ et al. 1995. Evidence that homocysteine is an independent risk factor for
atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemic patients. Am J Cardiol. 75:132-136

Good PF et al. 1992. Selective accumulation of aluminum and iron in the neurofibrillary
tangles of Alzheimer‟s disease: a laser microprobe (LAMMA) study. Ann Neurol.
31(3):286-292

Grant WB. 1999. Dietary links to Alzheimer‟s disease: 1999 update. J Alzheimer‟s
disease. 1:197-201

Grundman M. 2000. Vitamin E and Alzheimer disease: the basis for additional clinical
trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 71:630S-636S

Jama JW et al. 1996. Dietary antioxidants and cognitive function in a population-based
sample of older persons. The Rotterdam Study. Am J Epidemiol. 144:275-280

Joosten E et al. 1997. Is metabolic evidence for vitamin B-12 and folate deficiency more
frequent in elderly patietns with Alzheimer‟s disease? J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci.
52:M76-M79

Kumar V et al. 1998. Pharmacologic management of Alzheimer‟s disease. Clin Geriatr
Med. 14(1):129-146

Landsberg JP et al. 1992. Absence of aluminum in neuritic plaque cores in Alzheimer‟s
disease. Nature. 360:65-8.

Munoz DG. 1998. Is exposure to aluminium a risk factor for the development of
Alzheimer disease? – NO. Arch Neurl. 55:740-741

Miyanaga K et al. 1995. Clinical effects of DHA in demented patients. J Clin Ther
Med. 11:881-901

Morris BC et al. 1998. Vitamin E and vitamin C supplement use and risk of incident
Alzheimer disease. Alzheimer Disease and Assoc Disorders. 12:121-126

Newman PE. 1998. Could diet be used to reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer‟s
disease? Medical Hypotheses. 50(4):335-337.

Nourhashemi F et al. 2000. Alzheimer‟s disease: protective factors. American Journal
of Clinical Nutrition. 71(Supplement):643S-649S

Sano M et al. 1997. A controlled trial of selegiline, alpha-tocopherol or both as
treatment for Alzheimer‟s disease. N Engl J Med. 336:1216-1222

Seshadri S et al. 2002. Plasma homocysteine as a risk factor for dementia and
Alzheimer's disease. New England Journal of Medicine. 346:476-483
Ubbink JB et al. 1993. Vitamin B12, vitamin B6, and folate nutritional status in men
with hyperhomocysteinemia. Am J Clin Nutr. 57:47-53

Ubbink JB et al. 1994. Vitamin requirements of hyperhomocysteinemia in humans. J
Nutr. 124:1927-1933

Bodywork Therapies
Gerdner L 2000 Effects of individualized versus classical „relaxation‟ music on the
frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer‟s disease and related
disorders. International Psychogeratrics 12(1):49-65

Rowe M Alfred D 1999 Effectiveness of slow-stroke massage in diffusing agitated
behaviors in individuals with Alzheimer‟s disease. Journal of Gerontological
Nursing 25:222-234
Snyder M Egab E Burns K 1995 Efficacy of hand massage in decreasing agitation
behaviors associated with persons with dementia .Geriatric Nursing 16:60-63
Tabloski P McKinnon-Howe L Remington R 1995 Effects of calming music on
level agitation in cognitively impaired nursing home residents. American Journal of
Alzheimer‟s Care & Related Disorders & Research 10(1):10-15

Dizziness and Vertigo
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Bodywork Therapies

Braaf M et al 1962 Meniere- like syndrome following whiplash injury. Journal of
Trauma 2:494-501

Chaitow L Bradley D Gilbert C 2002 Multidisciplinary Approaches to Breathing
Pattern Disorders. Churchill Livingstone Edinburgh

Faling L 1995 Controlled breathing techniques and chest physical therapy in
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In Casabur R. ed Principles and Practices of
pulmonary Therapy WB Saunders Philadelphia
Fitz-Ritson D 1990 The chiropractic management and rehabilitation of cervical
trauma. Journal of Manmipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 13:17-25
Jewell MD, Young G. 2001 Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early
pregnancy. In: The Cochrane Library Issue 3, Oxford:

Kuilman J 1959 The importance of the cervical spine syndrome in
otorhinolaryngology. Practical Oto-Rhino- laryngology 21:174-185
Levitsky L Pulmonary Physiology, McGraw Hill, 4th Edition. 1995

Lum L 1994 Hyperventilation Syndromes In : Timmons B Ley R. (eds)
Behavioral and Psychological Approaches to Breathing Disorders. Plenum Press
New York
Tisp B, Burns M, Kro D, Kao D, Madison R, Herrera J. 1986 Pursed lip breathing
using ear oximetry Chest 90:218-221

Multiple Sclerosis
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001 323 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1 st Stember 2001 323, 486-

487


Nutritional Therapy

Adams CWM et al. 1985. Inflammatory vasculitis in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Sci.
69:269-283

Cendrowski W. 1986. Multiple sclerosis and MaxEPA. Br J Clin Practice. 40:365-367

Clausen J et al. 1988. Selenium in chronic neurological diseases - multiple sclerosis and
Batten's Disease. Biol Trace Elem Res. 15:179-203

Cunnane SC et al. 1989. Essential fatty acid and lipid profiles in plasma and
erythrocytes in patients with multiple sclerosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 50:801-806

Esparza ML et al. 1995. Nutrition, latitude, and multiple sclerosis mortality: an ecologic
study. Am J Epidemiol. 142:733-737

Gallai V et al. 1995. Cytokine secretion and eicosanoid production in the peripheral
blood mononuclear cells of MS patients undergoing dietary supplementation with n-3
polyunsaturated fatty acids. J Neuroimmunol. 56(2):143-153

Ghadirian P et al. 1998. Nutritional factors in the aetiology of multiple sclerosis: a case-
control study in Montreal, Canada. Int J Epidemiol. 5:845-852
Goldberg P et al. 1986. Multiple sclerosis: decreased relapse rate through dietary
supplementation with calcium, magnesium and vitamin D. Med Hypothesis. 21:193-200

Hayes CE. 2000. Vitamin D: a natural inhibitor of multiple sclerosis. Proc Nutr Soc.
59(4):531-535

Hayes CE et al. 1997. Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis. Proc Soc Exper Biol Med.
216:21-27

Jimenez-Jimenez FJ et al. 1998. Cerebrospinal fluid levels of alpha-tocopherol in
patients with multiple sclerosis. Neurosci Letts. 249:65-67

Kidd PM. 2001. Multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune inflammatory disease: prospects for
its integrative management. Alternative Medicine Review. 6(6):540-566

Kira J et al. 1994. Vitamin B12 metabolism and massive-dose methyl vitamin B12
therapy in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis. Int Med. 33(2):82-86

Moore MT. 1940. Treatment of multiple sclerosis with nicotinic acid and vitamin B1.
Arch Int Med. 65:18

Nightingale S et al. 1990. Red blood cell and adipose tissue fatty acids in inactive and
active multiple sclerosis. Acta Neurol Scand. 82:43-50

Nijst TQ et al. 1990. Vitamin B12 and folate concentrations in serum and cerebrospinal
fluid of neurological patients with special reference to multiple sclerosis and dementia. J
Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 53(11):951-954

Nordvik I et al. 2000. Effect of dietary advice and n-3 supplementation in newly
diagnosed MS patients. Acta Neurol Scand. 102(3):143-9.

Reynolds EH. 1992. Multiple sclerosis and vitamin B12 metabolism. J Neuro immunol.
40:225-230

Sandyk R et al. 1993. Vitamin B12 and its relationship to age of onset of multiple
sclerosis. Int J Neuroscience. 71(1-4):93-99

Swank RL et al. 1990. Effect of a low saturated fat diet in early and late cases of
multiple sclerosis. Lancet. 336:37-39

Yasui, M et al. 1990. Magnesium concentration in brains from multiple sclerosis
patients. Acta Neurology Scandinavia. 81(3):197-200
Yasui M et al. 1992. Experimental and clinical studies on dysregulation of

magnesium metabolism and the aetiopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. Mag Res.

5:295-302


Bodywork Therapies


Graydon J et al 1997 Massage as therapy in multiple sclerosis. Journal of
Alternative and Complementary Medicine July:27-28.

Hernandez-Reif M et al Multiple Sclerosis patients benefit from Massage Therapy.
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2(3):168-174

Joyce M, Richardson R. 1997 Reflexology helps multiple sclerosis. Journal of
Alternative & Complementary Medicine July:10-12
Killinger L Azad A 1997 MS patients under chiropractic care : a retrospective
study Palmer Journal of Research 2:96
Mills N et al 2000 Does Tai Chi/Qi Gong help patients with MS? Journal of
Bodywork and Movement Therapies 4(1):39-48
Roberts J et al 1990 Multiple sclerosis and early diagnosis: a literature review AJA
(American Chiropractic Association) Journal of Chiropractic 27:75
Siev-Ner I et al 1997 Reflexology treatment relieves symptoms of multiple
sclerosis: a randomized controlled stury. FACT 2:196
Stude D Mick T 1993 Clinical presentation of a patient with MS and response to
manual chiropractic adjustive therapies. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological
Therapeutics 16:595

Persistent Pain
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486

MacPherson H: Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter J: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Nutritional Therapy

Abraham GE et al. 1992. Management of Fibromyalgia: Rationale For The Use of
Magnesium and Malic Acid Journal of Nutritional Medicine. 3:49-59

Caruso I et al. 1990. Double-blind study of 5- hydroxytryptophan versus placebo in the
treatment of primary fibromyalgia syndrome. J Int Med Res. 18(3):201-209.
Harel, Z. et al. 2002. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
in the management of recurrent migraines in adolescents. J Adolesc Health.
31:154-61.
King, R. B. 1980. Pain and tryptophan. Journal of Neurosurgery. 53:44

Lieberman, H. R., et al. 1982/1983. Mood, performance and pain sensitivity:
changes induced by food constituents. J Psychiat Res. 17(2):135-145
Nurmikko T et al. 1984. Effect of L-tryptophan supplementation on ischemic pain.
Acupunct Electrother Res. 9(1):45-55


Puttini PS et al. 1992. Primary fibromyalgia syndrome and 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan: a
90-day open study. J Int Med Res. 20(2):182-189


Romano T, et al. 1994. Magnesium Deficiency and Fibromyalgia Syndrome. J
Nutritional Med. 4:165-167
Seltzer S et al. 1982/1983. The effects of dietary tryptophan on chronic
maxillofacial pain and experimental pain tolerance. J Psychiat. Res. 17:181-186.
Simopoulos, A.P. 2002. Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation and autoimmune
diseases. J Am Coll Nutr. 21: 495–505.


Stratz T et al. 1993 [Serotonin concentration in serum of patients with generalized
tendomyopathy (fibromyalgia) and chronic polyarthritis]. Med Klin. 15;88(8):458-
62
Bodywork Therapies

Buskila D et al 2001 Balneotherapy for fibromyalgia at the Dead Sea
Rheumatology International20(3):105-8
Fischer A 2002 New Injection Techniques for treatment of musculoskeletal pain.
In: Rachlin E and I (ed): Myofascial pain and fibromyalgia. Trigger Point
Management. 2nd edition, Mosby, St.Louis.

Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pa in and dysfunction: the trigger
point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore
Mennerkorpi K Nyberg B Ahlmen M 2000 Pool exercise combined with an
education program for patients with FMS. A prospective, randomized study.
Journal of Rheumatology (10):2473-2481
Wall P D, Melzack R (eds) 1989 Textbook of pain, 2nd edn. Churchill
Livingstone, Edinburgh
Stroke
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Nutritional Therapy
Ascherio, A. et al. 1998. Intake of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and fibre and risk of
stroke. Circulation. 98:1198-1204.

Bazzano LA et al. 2002. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in
US adults: the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic
Follow- up Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 76(1):93-9

Engstrom JE et al. 1992. Vitamin C intake and mortality among a sample of the United
States population. Epidemiology. 3(3):194-202

Gale, CR. et al. 1995. Vitamin C and risk of death from stroke and coronary heart
disease in cohort of elderly people. BMJ. 310:1548-1549.

Giles, WH. et al. 1998. Total homocysteine concentration and the likelihood of nonfatal
stroke:results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-
1994.

Gillman, MW. et al. 1995. Protective effect of fruits and vegetables on development of
stroke in men. JAMA. 273:1113-1117.

Green DM et al. 2002. Serum potassium level and dietary potassium intake as risk
factors for stroke. Neurology. 2002. 59(3):314-20

He K et al. 2002. Fish consumption and risk of stroke in men. JAMA. 288(24):3130-6
Homocysteine Studies Collaboration. 2002. Homocysteine and risk of ischemic heart
disease and stroke: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 288(16):2015-22.

Iso H et al. 2001. Intake of fish and omega-3 fatty acids and risk of stroke in women.
JAMA. 285(3):304-12

Joshipura KJ. et al. 1999. Fruit and vegetable intake in relation to risk of ischemic
stroke. JAMA. 282:1233-1239.

Keli, SO. et al. 1996. Dietary flavonoids, antioxidant vitamins, and incidence of stroke:
the Zutphen study. Arch Intern Med. 156:637-642.

Khaw, KT & Barrett-Connor, E. 1987. Dietary potassium and stroke-associated
mortality. A 12- year prospective population study. N Engl J Med. 316:253-240.
Kittner, SJ. et al. Homocysteine and risk of cerebral infarction in a biracial population:
the stroke prevention in young women study. Stroke. 30:1554-1560.

Perry IJ. et al. 1995. Prospective study of serum total homocysteine concentration and
risk of stroke in middle-aged British men. Lancet. 346:1395-1398.

Selhub, J. et al. 1993. Vitamin status and intake as primary determinants of
homocysteinemia in an elderly population. JAMA. 270:2693-2798.

Yokoyama, T., et al. Serum vitamin C concentration was inversely associated with
subsequent 20-year incidence of stroke in a Japanese rural community: The Shibata
study. Stroke. 31:2287-2294
Zhang J et al. 1999. Fish consumption and mortality from all causes, ischemic heart
disease, and stroke: an ecological study. Prev Med. 28(5):520-9

Bodywork Therapies
Booth J et al 2002 Role overlap between occupational therapy and physiotherapy during
in-patient stroke rehabilitation: an exploratory study Journal of Interprofessional Care
16(1):31-40

Cochrane Outpatient Service Trialists 2003 Therapy-based rehabilitation services for
stroke patients at home Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online: Update
Software) Issue 1, 2003, Page CD002925

Green J et al 2002 Physiotherapy for patients with mobility problems more than 1 year
after stroke: a randomised controlled trial Lancet 359(9302):199-203

Hesse S et al Treadmill training with partial body weight support after stroke Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation Clinics Of North America 14(1, Suppl.):S111-S123

Lum P et al 2002 Robot-assisted movement training compared with conventional therapy
techniques for the rehabilitation of upper- limb motor function after stroke. Archives Of
Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation 83(7):952-959

Woessner R et al 2002 Stroke therapy. What is established, what is new? MMW
Fortschritte Der Medizin 144( 26):29-34 (German)

Zhao-Pu W 1991 Acupressure therapy : Point percussion treatment of cerebral birth
injury, brain injury and stroke. Churchill Livingstone Melbourne.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Bodywork Therapies
Dobrusin R Osteopathic approach to conservative management of thoracic outlet
syndromes Journal American Osteopathic Association 89:1046-1057

Garfinkel M 1998 Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome: a rando mized
trial. Journal American medical Association 280:1601–1603

Sequeira W 1999 Yoga in treatment of carpal-tunnel syndrome Lancet 353( 9154):689-
690

Sucher B 1994 Myofascial manipulative release of carpal tunnel syndrome
:documentation with MRI Journal American Osteopathic Association 94:647-663


Motion Sickness
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Nutritional Therapy
Lindseth G, Lindseth PD. 1995. The relationship of diet to airsickness. Aviat Space
Environ Med. 66(6):537-41

Bodywork Therapies
Good M 1957 Senile vertigo caused by curable cervical myopathy Journal of
American Geriatric Society 5:662-667
Jewell MD, Young G. 2001 Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early
pregnancy. In: The Cochrane Library Issue 3, Oxford:
Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger
point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore
pp941-970


Skin
Acne
Nutritional Therapy

Akamatsu H & Horio T. 1998. The possible role of reactive oxygen species

generated by neutrophils in mediating acne inflammation. Dermatology. 196:82-

85.
Downing DT et al. 1987. Skin lipids: an update. J Invest Dermatol.

88(3suppl):2s-6s


Dreno B et al. 1989. Low doses of zinc gluconate for inflammatory acne. Acta

Derm Venereol. 69:541-543


Grattan C et al. 1990. Essential- fatty-acid metabolites in plasma phospholipids in

patients with ichthyosis vulgaris, acne vulgaris and psoriasis. Clin Exp Dermatol.

15:174-176


Hillstom L, et al. 1977. Comparison of oral treatment with zinc sulphate and

placebo in acne vulgaris. British Journal of Dermatology. 97:679-684


Michaelsson G et al. 1984. Erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase activity in acne

vulgaris and the effect of selenium and vitamin E treatment. Acta Derm Venereol.

64:9-14


Michaelsson G, et al. 1977. A double blind study of the effect of zinc and

oxytetracycline in acne vulgaris. British Journal of Dermatology. 97:561-566


Slayden SM, et al. 2001. Hyperandrogenemia in patients presenting with acne.

Fertility and Sterility 75:5;889-892


Snider B et al. 1974. Pyridoxine therapy for premenstrual acne flare. Arch

Dermatol. 110:130-131.


Verma KC et al. 1989. Oral zinc sulphate therapy in acne vulgaris: a double-blind

trial. Acta Derm Venereol. 60:337-340
Zouboulis CC et al. 2001. Is acne vulgaris a genuine inflammatory disease?
Dermatology. 203:277-279

Bodywork Therapies

Korr I 1977 Sustained sympatheticotonia as a factor in disease. In: Neurobiological
Mechanisms in Manipulative Therapy. Plenum Press New York (p29-268)

Travell J Simons D 1983 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction :The trigger point Manual. 1 st
edition. Williams & Wilkins Baltimore p25

Herpes Simplex
Acupuncture
Boaler-J, Acupuncture in medicine 1996 14(2):80-83

Nutritional Therapy
Flodin NW. The metabolic roles, pharmacology, and toxicology of lysine. J Am Coll
Nutr 1997;16:7-21

Terezhalmy GT, et al. The use of water-soluble bioflavonoid-ascorbic acid complex in
the treatment of recurrent herpes labialis. Oral Surg 1978;45:56-62

Nead DE. Effective vitamin E treatment for ulcerative herpetic lesions. Dent Survey
1976;52(7):50-51

Fink M, et al. Treatment of herpes simplex by alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E). Br Dent J
1980;148:246 (letter)

Ayres S Jr et al. 1973. Post- herpes zoster neuralgia: response to vitamin E therapy. Arch
Dermatol. 108:855-866

Ayres S Jr et al. 1975. Post- herpes zoster neuralgia: response to vitamin E therapy. Arch
Dermatol. 111:396
Kleine NW et al. 1995. The intestinal absorption of orally administered hydrolytic
enzymes and their effects in the treatment of acute herpes zoster as compared with
those of oral acyclovir therapy. Phytomedicine. 2:7-15.


Shingles

Eczema and Contact Ecze ma
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486

MacPherson H : Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487
Nutritional Therapy
Atherton DJ. Diet and atopic eczema. Clin Allerg. 18:215-228

Bjorneobe GE et al. 1987. Effect of dietary supplementation with
eicosapentaenoic acid in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Br J Dermatol.
117:463-469
Burks AW et al. 1988. Atopic dermatitis:clinical relevance of food
hypersensitivity. J Pediatr. 113:447-451
Cross ML & Gill HS. 2001. Can immunoregulatory lactic acid bacteria be used as
dietary supplements to limit allergies? Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 125:112-119

Gimenez-Arnau A et al. 1997. Effects of linoleic acid supplements on atopic
dermatitis. Adv Exp Med Biol. 443:285-289

Horrobin, D. F. 2000. Essential fatty acid metabolism and its modification in
atopic eczema. Am J Clin Nutr. 71(Supplement):367S-372S.

Isolauri E et al. 2000. Probiotics in the management of atopic eczema. Clin Exp
Allergy. 30:1604-1610
Kirjavainen PV et al. 2002. Aberrant composition of gut microbiota of allergic
infants:a target of bifidobacterial therapy at weaning. Gut. 51:51-55.
Kirjavainen PV et al. 2001. characterizing the composition of intestinal microflora
as a prospective treatment target in infant allergic disease. FEMS Immunol Med
Microbiol. 32:1-7

Morse PF et al. Meta-analysis of placebo-controlled studies of the efficacy of
Epogam in the treatment of atopic eczema. Relationship between plasma essential
fatty acid changes and clinical response. Br J Dermatol. 121:75-90
Murch SH. 2001. Toll of allergy reduced by probiotics. Lancet. 357:1057-1059
Niggemann B et al. 1999. Outcome of double-blind, placebo-controlled food
challenge tests in 107 children with atopic dermatitis. Clin Exp Allergy. 29:91-96
Sampson, HA. Et al. 1992. The immunologic role of food hypersensitivity in
atopic dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl. 176:34-37
Schalin-Karrila M et al. 1987. Evening primrose oil in the treatment of atopic
eczema: effect on clinical status, plasma phospholipids fatty acids and circulating
blood prostaglanding. Br J Dermatol. 117:11-19

Wright S et al. 1982. Oral evening primrose oil improves atopic eczema. Lancet.
Ii:1120-1122.

Bodywork Therapies
Cappo B Holmes D Utility oif prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing
physiological and psychological arousal. Journal of Psychosomatic Research
1984:28(4):265-273
Kontos H Richardson D Raper A et al 1972 Mechanism of action of hypocapnic
alkalosis on limb blood vessels in man and dog American Journal of Physiology
223:1296-1307

Lum L 1994 Hyperventilation Syndromes: Physiological Considerations : In
Timmons B Ley R (eds) Behavioral and Psychological Approaches to breathing
Pattern Disorders Plenum Press New York
Tisp B Burns M Kro D Pursed Lip breathing using ear oximetry. Chest
1986:90:218-221

Psoriasis
Acupuncture

JernerB, Skogh M, Vahlquist A: Acta-Dermato-Venereologica 1997: 77(2): 154-

156

Nutritional Therapy
Bittiner SB et al. 1988. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on
fish oil in psoriasis. The Lancet. 1:378-380
Douglas JM. 1980. Psoriasis and diet. Western J Med. 133:450 [Letter]

Grimminger F et al. 1993. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of
n-3 fatty acid based lipid infusion in acute, extended guttate psoriasis. Rapid
improvement of clinical manifestations and changes in neutrophil leukotriene
profile. Clin Investig. 71(8):634-43
Harvima RJ et al. 1993. Screening of effects of selenomethionine-enriched yeast
supplementation on various immunological and chemical parameters of skin and
blood in psoriatic patients. Acta Derm Venereol. 73(2):88-91
Juhlin L et al. 1982. Blood glutathione peroxidase levels in skin diseases:effect of
selenium and vitamin E treatment. Acta Derm Venereol. 62(3):211-4
Kojima T et al. 1991. Long-term administration of highly purified
eicosapentaenoic acid provides improvement of psoriasis. Dermatologica.
182:225-230

Michaelsson G et al. 1991. How common is gluten intolerance among patients
with psoriasis? Acta Derm Venereol. 71:90
Michaelsson G et al. 1989. Selenium in whole blood and plasma is reduced in
patients with moderate and severe psoriasis. Acta Derm Venereol. 69(1):29-34
Simopoulos, A.P. 2002. Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation and autoimmune
diseases. J Am Coll Nutr. 21: 495–505.

Waldman A et al. 2001. Incidence of Candida in psoriasis--a study on the fungal flora of
psoriatic patients. Mycoses. 44(3-4):77-81.

Hives
Acupuncture
Chen-CJ, Yu-HS: Archives of Dermatology 1998 134(11): 1397-1399

Nutritional Therapy
Greaves M. 2000. Chronic urticaria. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 105:664-672

Henz BM, Zuberbier T. 1998. Most chronic urticaria is food-dependent, and not
idiopathic. Exp Dermatol. 7(4):139-42.
Juhlin L. Additives and chronic urticaria. Ann Allergy. 59:119-123

Kulczycki A. 1986. Aspartame-induced urticaria. Ann Int Med. 104:207-208

Lessof MH. Reactions to food additives. Clin Exp Allergy. 25 (Suppl 1):27-28


Ringworm and Athlete's Foot


Eyes & Ears
Cataracts
Nutritional Therapy
Chasan-Taber L et al. 1999. A prospective study of carotenoid and vita min A intakes
and risk of cataract extraction in US women. Am J Clin Nutr. 70:509-516

Chylack LT et al. 2002. The Roche European American Cataract Trial (REACT): a
randomized clinical trial to investigate the efficacy of an oral antioxidant micronutrie nt
mixture to slow progression of age-related cataract. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 9(1):49-80


Hankinson SE et al. 1992. Nutrient intake and cataract extraction in women: a
prospective study. BMJ. 305:335-339

Jacques PF et al. 1997. Long-term vitamin C supplement use and prevalence of early
age-related lens opacities. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 66:911-916

Jacques PF et al. 1991. Epidemiologic evidence of a role for the antioxidant vitamins
and carotenoids in cataract prevention. Am J C lin Nutr. 53:352S-355S
Knekt P et al. 1992. Serum antioxidant vitamins and risk of cataract. BMJ.

305:1392-1394


Mares-Perlman JA et al. 2000. Vitamin Supplement Use and Incident Cataracts in
a Population-Based Study. Archives of Opthalmology. 118:1556-1563


Seddon J, et al. 1994. The use of vitamin supplements and the risk of cataracts
among U.S. male physicians. Journal of Public Health. 84(5):788-792

Macular Degeneration
Nutritional Therapy
Age-Related Eye Disease Study Research Group. 2001. A randomized, placebo-
controlled, clinical trial of high-dose supplementation with vitamins C and E, beta
carotene, and zinc for age-related macular degeneration and vision loss: AREDS Report
No. 8. Arch Ophthalmol. 119:1417-1436.

Bone RA et al. 2001. Macular pigment in donor eyes with and without AMD: A case-
control study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 42(1):234-240

Bone RA et al. 2000. Lutein and zeaxanthin in the eyes, serum and diet of human
subjects. Experimental Eye Research. 71(3):239-245

Cho E et al. 2001. Prospective study of dietary fat and the risk of age-related macular
degeneration. Am J Clin Nutr. 73(2):209-18.

Delcourt C et al. 1999. Age-related macular degeneration and antioxidant status in the
POLA study. POLA Study Group. Pathologies Oculaires Liees a l'Age. Arch
Opthalmol. 117(10):1384-1390.

Goldberg J, et al. 1988. Factors associated with age-related macular degeneration. Am J
Epidemiol. 128:700-710

Mares-Perlman JA et al. 1996. Association of zinc and antioxidants nutrients with age-
related maculopathy. Arch Ophthalmol. 114:991-997

Newsome DA et al. 1995. Zinc content of human retinal pigment epithelium decreases
with age and macular degeneration, but superoxide dismutase activity increases. J Trace
Elem Environ Med. 193-199

Richer S. 1999. ARMD - pilot (case series) environmental intervention data. J Am
Optom Assoc. 70(1):24-26

Seddon JM et al. 1994. Dietary carotenoids, vitamin A, C and E and advanced age-
related macular degeneration. JAMA. 272:1413-1420
Seddon JM et al. 2001. Dietary fat and risk for advanced age-related macular
degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol. 119(8):1191-9.

Smith W et al. 2000. Dietary fat and fish intake and age-related maculopathy.
Arch Ophthalmol. 118(3):401-4

Snodderly D. 1995. Evidence for protection against age-related macular degeneration by
carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 62(6
Supplement):1448S-1461S
West S et al. 1994. Are antioxidants or supplements protective for age-related
macular degeneration? Arch Ophthalmol. 112:222-227

Tinnitus
Acupuncture

Thomas-M, Laurel- G, Lundeberg-T, Laryngoscope 1988: 98(6 I):664-667

Nutritional Therapy
Arda HN, at al. The role of zinc in the treatment of tinnitus.
Otol Neurotol 2003 Jan;24(1):86-9

Derebery MJ. 2000. Allergic management of Meniere's disease: an outcome study.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 122(2):174-82

Ochi K et al. 1997. [The serum zinc level in patients with tinnitus and the effect of
zinc treatment]. Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 100(9):915-919.
Shemish A et al. 1994. Vitamin B12 deficiency in patients with chronic tinnitus
and noise- induced hearing loss. Am J Otolarygol. 14:94-99.
Yanick P Jr. 1988. Dietary and lifestyle influences on cochlear disorders and
biochemical status: A 12-month study. J Appl Nutr. 40(2):75-84

Bodywork Therapies
Alcantara J 2002 Chiropractic care of a patient with temporomandibular disorder and
atlas subluxation Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological Therapeutics 25(1):63-70

Kröner-Herwig B et al 1995 The management of chronic tinnitus--comparison of a
cognitive-behavioural group training with yoga Journal of Psychosomatic Research
39(2):153-165

Pederick F 1997 A Kaminski- type evaluation of cranial adjusting Chiropractic Technique
9(1):1-15

Vernon J et al 1992 Attributes of tinnitus that may predict temporomandibular joint
dysfunction. Cranio 10(4):282-7
Earache


Respiratory System
Catarrh and Sinusitis
Acupuncture

Lundeberg-T, Laurell- G, Thomas-M: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal 1988; 67(8):

565-566+571-572+574-575


Nutritional Therapy


Bucca C et al. 1990. Effect of vitamin C on histamine bronchial responsiveness of
patients with allergic rhinitis. Ann Allergy. 65:311-314

Clemetson CA. 1980. Histamine and ascorbic acid in human blood. J Nutr.
110:662-668

Ryan R. 1967. A double-blind clinical evaluation of bromelains in the treatment of
acute sinusitis. Headache. 7(1):13-7.
Taub SJ. 1967. The use of bromelains in sinusitis: a doub le-blind clinical
evaluation. Eye Ear Nose Throat Mon. 46(3):361-362.

Westerveld GJ et al. 1997. Antioxidant levels in the nasal mucosa of patients with

chronic sinusitis and healthy controls. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.

123:201-204

Bodywork Therapies
Butler J et al 1975 A descriptive survey of signs and symptoms associated with the
myofascial pain-dysfunction syndrome. Journal American Dental Association
90:635-639

Cappo B Holmes D Utility oif prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing
physiological and psychological arousal. Journal of Psychosomatic Research
1984:28(4):265-273
Chaitow L 1999 Cranial manipulation Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh

Ingle J 1976 „The Great Imposter‟ Journal American Medical Association 236:1848

Jones L 1981 Strain and Counterstrain American Academy of Applied Osteopathy,
Colorado Springs
Kontos H Richardson D Raper A et al 1972 Mechanism of action of hypocapnic
alkalosis on limb blood vessels in man and dog American Journal of Physiology
223:1296-1307
Lum L 1994 Hyperventilation Syndromes: Physiological Considerations : In
Timmons B Ley R (eds) Behavioral and Psychological Approaches to breathing
Pattern Disorders Plenum Press New York

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction :The trigger
point Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
pp109 & 383
Tisp B Burns M Kro D Pursed Lip breathing using ear oximetry. Chest
1986:90:218-221
Travell J Simons D 1983 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction :The trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 1st edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
pp263/4
Upledger J Vredevoogd J 1983 Craniosacral Therapy, Eastland Press Seattle


Colds and Flu
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy


Al-Nakib, W., et al. 1987. Prophylaxis and treatment of rhinovirus colds with zinc
gluconate lozenges. J Antimicrob Chemother. 20(6):893-901

Ananda S et al. 2000. Duration of symptoms and plasma cytokine levels in
patients with the common cold treated with zinc acetate. Annals of Internal
Medicine. 133(4):245-252
Anderson TW et al. 1972. Vitamin C and the common cold: a double-blind trial.
Can Med Assoc J. 107: 503-508
Eby GA et al. 1984. Reduction in duration of common colds by zinc gluconate
lozenges in a double-blind study. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 25:20-24
Eby GA. 1998. Where‟s the bias? Ann Intern Med. 128: 75
Garland ML & Hagmeyer KO. 1998. The role of zinc lozenges in treatment of the
common cold. Ann Pharmacother. 32:63-69

Gorton HC et al. 1999. The effectiveness of vitamin C in preventing and relieving
the symptoms of virus- induced respiratory infections. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.
22(8):530-533
Hemila H. 1994. Does vitamin C alleviate the symptoms of the common cold? - a
review of current evidence. Scand J Infect Dis. 26(1):1-6
McCarthy M. 1996. Zinc Lozenges shorten duration of common cold. Lancet.
348:184

Mossad SB et al. 1996. Zinc gluconate lozenges for treating the common cold. A
randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Annals of Internal Medicine.
125(2):81-88
Petrus EJ et al. 1998. Randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical
study of the effectiveness of zinc acetate lozenges on common cold symptoms in
allergy-tested subjects. Curr Ther Res. 59:595–607

Prasad AS et al. 2000. Duration of symptoms and plasma cytokine levels in
patients with the common cold treated with zinc acetate: a randomized, double-
blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 133(4):245-252
Van Straten M & Josling P. 2002. Preventing the common cold with a vitamin C
supplement: a double-blind, placebo-controlled survey. Adv Ther. 19:151-159



Bodywork Therapies


Ernst E 1990 Hydrotherapy, Physiotherapy 76(4)pp207-210




Asthma
Acupuncture

Burney PG et al. 1981. The effect of changing dietary sodium on the bronchial

response to histamine. Thorax. 44(1):36-41
Durlach J et al. 1975. Magnesium and allergy: experimental and clinical

relationships between magnesium and hypersensitivity. Rev Franc Allergol.

15:133-146


Forastiere F et al. 2000. Consumption of fresh fruit rich in vitamin C and

wheezing symptoms in children. SIDRIA Collaborative Group, Italy (Italian

Studies on Respiratory Disorders in Children and the Environment). Thorax.

55(4):283-288


Gilliland FD et al. 2002. Dietary magnesium, potassium, sodium and children‟s
lung function. Am J Epidemiol. 155(2):125-131

Gotshall RW et al. 2000. dietary salt restriction improves pulmonary function in

exercise- induced asthma. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 32:1815-1819


Hill J et al. 1997. Investigation of the effect of short-term change in dietary

magnesium intake in asthma. Eur Respir J. Oct;10(10):2225-9.


Knekt P et al. 2002. Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases. Am J Clin

Nutr. 76:560-568.


Medici TC et al. 1993. Are asthmatics salt-sensitive? A preliminary controlled

study. Chest. Oct;104(4):1138-43


Nagakura et al. 2000. Dietary supplementation with fish oil rich in omega-3

polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with bronchial asthma. Eur Resp J.

16(5):861-865.
Ogle KA, Bullock JD. 1980. Children with allergic rhinitis and/or bronchial

asthma treated with elimination diet: a five-year follow- up. Ann Allergy.

May;44(5):273


Okamoto, M et al. 2000. Effects of dietary supplementation with n-3 fatty acids

compared with n-6 fatty acids on bronchial asthma. Intern Med. 39(2):107-111

Saheen SO et al. 2001. Dietary antioxidants and asthma in adults: population-based
case-control study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 164:1823-1828

Bodywork Therapies


Bockenhauer S Kell N Sing K Quantifiable effects of osteopathic manipulative
techniques on patients with chronic asthma (Pilot study) 2002:102(7):371-375
Bowler S Green A Mitchell C Buteyko breathing techniques in asthma : a blinded
randomised controlled trial. Medical Journal of Australia 1998:169:575-578

Bronfort G Evans R Kubic P Chronic pediatriic asthma and chiropractic spinal
manipulation : A prospective clinical series and randomised clinical pilot study.
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2001:24(6):369-377
Cappo B Holmes D Utility oif prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing
physiological and psychological arousal. Journal of Psychosomatic Research
1984:28(4):265-273

Faling L Pulmonary rehabilitation physical modalities Clinical Chest Medicine
1986:7:599-618

Nagarathna R Nagendra H Yoga for bronchial asthma - a controlled study British
Medical Journal 1985:291:172-174

Rowane W, Rowane M An osteopathic approach to asthma. Journal of American
Osteopathic Association 1999:99(5):259-264
Tisp B Burns M Kro D Pursed Lip breathing using ear oximetry. Chest
1986:90:218-221


Digestive & Urinary Systems
Peptic Ulcer and Gastritis
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy

Barbarino F et al. 1988. Barbarino, F., et al. Effects of zinc-aspartate and zinc- glycinate
in healthy rats and on reserpine- induced gastric lesions. Biol Trace Elem Res.
16(3):253-267

Cohen S et al. 1975. Gastric acid secretion and lower-esophageal-sphincter pressure in
response to coffee and caffeine. N Engl J Med. 293(18):897-9.

Dubey P et al. 1984. Effect of tea on gastric acid secretion. Dig Dis Sci. 29(3):202-6.
Feldman EJ et al. 1981. Gastric acid and gastrin response to decaffeinated coffee and a
peptone meal. JAMA. 246(3):248-50.

Frommer DJ. 1975. The healing of gastric ulcers by zinc sulphate. Med J Aust. 1975
Nov 22;2(21):793-6.

Kato I et al. 1992. A prospective study of gastric and duodenal ulcer and its relation to
smoking, alcohol, and diet. Am J Epidemiol. 135(5):521-30

Lenz HJ et al. 1983. Wine and five percent ethanol are potent stimulants of gastric acid
secretion in humans. Gastroenterology. 85(5):1082-7

Patty I et al. 1982. Controlled trial of vitamin A therapy in gastric ulcer. Lancet. ii:876

Pfeiffer CJ et al. 1980. Reserpine- induced gastric ulcers: protection by lysosomal
stabilization due to zinc. Eur J Pharmacol. 61(4):347-53

Sonnenberg A. 1986. Dietary salt and gastric ulcer. Gut. 27(10):1138-42
Tsugane S et al. 1994. Salty food intake and risk of Helicobacter pylori infection.
Jpn J Cancer Res. 85(5):474-8

Yudkin J. 1980. Eating and ulcers. Br Med J. 280:483-484


Bodywork Therapies

Aksenova A et al 1998 The effect of reflex muscle massage on the body regulatory
processes of peptic ulcer patients with concomitant diseases Voprosy Kurortologii,
Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoi Fizicheskoi Kultury 6:24-26 (in Russian)
Aksenova A et al 1999 Changes in the immune status of peptic ulcer patients after
combined treatment including deep massage. Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i
Lechebnoi Fizicheskoi Kultury 2:19-20 (in Russian)

Bei Y 1993 Clinical observations on the treatment of 98 cases of peptic ulcer by massage
Journal Of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored
By All-China Association Of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy Of Traditional
Chinese Medicine 13(1):50-51

Bruer W 1950 Then osteopathic concept of peptic ulcer Journal American Osteopathic
Association 49(7):343-345

Cheng Y 2000 Physical activity and peptic ulcers. Does physical activity reduce the risk
of developing peptic ulcers? The Western Journal Of Medicine 173(2)101-107

Efremushkin G 1998 The effect of combined treatment using bicycle exercise with a free
choice of the load parameters on the hemodynamics in peptic ulcer patients.
Terapevticheskii Arkhiv70(2): 13-16 (in Russian)

Efrusi M Rotnicki R 1997 Gastroenterology In: Foundatuions for Osteoapthic Medicine
(Ward R ed) Williams & Wilkins Baltimore (pp375-386)

Kuznetsov O 2000 The use of cryomassage in the rehabilitative treatment of patients
with duodenal peptic ulcer at the polyclinic stage. Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i
Lechebnoi Fizicheskoi Kultury 2: 24-26 (in Russian)

Melnick J 1957 Trigger areas and refractory pain in duodenal ulcer. New York State
Journal of Medicine 57:1073-1076

Magoun H 1962 Gastroduodenal ulcers from the osteopathic viwpoint Yearbook
Academy of Applied Osteopathy 4:697-702

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition pp 940-970). Williams & Wilkins
Baltimore

Crohn's Disease
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487
Nutritional Therapy

Brandes JW et al. 1981. [Sugar free diet: A new perspective in the treatment of Crohn‟s
disease? Randomized, control study.] Z Gastroenterol. 19(1):1-12

Guandalini S. 2002. Use of Lactobacillus-GG in paediatric Crohn‟s disease. Dig Liv
Dis. 34(suppl 2):S63-65

Heaton KW et al. 1979. Treatment of Crohn‟s disease with an unrefined carbohydrate,
fibre rich diet. BMJ. 2:764-766

Imes S et al. 1987. Iron, folate, vitamin B12, zinc and copper status in out-patients with
Crohn‟s disease: effect of diet counselling. J Am Dietet Assoc. 87:928-930

Jones VA et al. 1985. Crohn's disease: maintenance of remission by diet. Lancet.
2:177-180

Mate J et al. 1991. Does dietary fish oil maintain the remission of Crohn‟s disease: a
case control study. Gastroenterology 1991;100:A228 (abstract)

Riordan AM, et al. 1993. Treatment of active Crohn‟s disease by exclusion diet. East
Anglian Multicentre Controlled Trial. Lancet. 342:1131-1134

Bodywork Therapies


Robinson R. et al Effect of a low- impact exercise program on bone mineral density
in Crohn's disease Gastroenterology 1998, 115 (1) 36-41


Indigestion and Non-Ulcer Dyspepsia
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Nutritional Therapy

Kocian J. 1994. [Lactobacilli in the treatment of dyspepsia due to dysmicrobia of
various causes][Article in Czech]. Vnitr Lek. 40(2):79-83

Bodywork Therapies
Alexander F 1996 The Use of the Self Victor Gollancz London (originally
published 1932 Methuen, London)

Bryner pStaerker P 1996 Indigestion and heartburn :prevalene in persons seeking
care from chirpopractors. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
19:317
Faling L 1995 Controlled breathing techniques and chest physical therapy in
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In Casabur R. ed Principles and Practices of
pulmonary Therapy WB Saunders Philadelphia

Fallon J Lok B 1994 Assessing efficacy of chiropractic care in pediatric cases of
pyloric stenosis. Proceedings of National Conference on Chiropractic and
pediatrics. P72 Arlington Virginia. International Chiropractic Association.
Guyton A 1991 Basic Neuroscience : anatomy and physiology WB Saunders
Philadelphia

Masarsky C Todres-Masarsky M 2001 Somatovisceral aspects of Chiropractic
Churchill Livingstone New York 137-142

Melnick J 1954 Treatment of trigger mechanisms in gastrointestinal disease. New
York State Journal of Medicine 54:1324-1330

Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger
point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore
pp941-970
Timmons B H, Ley R. editors. 1994. Behavioral and pyschological approaches to
breathing disorders. Plenum, New York & London 115.
Tisp B, Burns M, Kro D, Kao D, Madison R, Herrera J. 1986 Pursed lip breathing
using ear oximetry Chest 90:218-221

Warwick R Williams P (eds) 1973 Grays Anatomy (35th edition) Longman London
p1073


Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Acupuncture
     Fireman Z, Segal A, Kopelman Y, Sternberg A, Carasso R: Acupuncture
     Treatment for Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A double-Blind Controlled Study:
     Digestion 2001; 64: 100-103
Chan J, Carr I, Mayberry J: The Role of acupuncture in the treatment of Irritable Bowel
Syndrome: A Pilot Study: Hepato-Gastroenterology 44 (1997) Pages 1328-1330

Nutritional Therapy
Bohmer CJ, Tuynman HA. 2001. The effect of a lactose-restricted diet in

patients with a positive lactose tolerance test, earlier diagnosed as irritable

bowel syndrome: a 5-year follow- up study. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol.

13(8):941-944


Brown D et al. 1997. Irritable bowel syndrome. Quarterly Review of

Natural Medicine. Winter:333-345.


Cann PA et al. 1984. What is the benefit of coarse wheat bran in patients

with irritable bowel syndrome? Gut. 25:168-173


Fernandez-Banares F et al. 1993. Sugar malabsorption in functional bowel

disease: clinical implications. Am J Gastroenterol. 88:2044-2050.


Francis CY et al. 1994. Bran and irritable bowel syndrome: time for

reappraisal. Lancet. 344:39-40


Jalihal A et al. 1990. Ispaghula therapy in irritable bowel syndrome:

improvement in overall well-being is related to reduction in bowel

dissatisfaction. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 5(5):507-513.


Jones AV et al. 1982. Food intolerance: a major factor in the pathogenesis of

irritable bowel syndrome. Lancet. ii:1115-1117


Hunter JO et al. 2002. A review of the role of the gut microflora in irritable

bowel syndrome and the effects of probiotics. Br J Nutr. 88 Suppl 1:67-72


King TS et al. 1998. Abnormal colonic fermentation in irritable bowel

syndrome. Lancet. 352:1187-1189
     Kumar A et al. 1987. Optimum dosage of ispaghula husk in patients with

     irritable bowel syndrome: correlation of symptom relief with whole gut

     transit time and stool weight. Gut. 28(2):150-155.


     Ledochowski M et al. 2000. Fructose- and sorbitol-reduced diet improves

     mood and gastrointestinal disturbances in fructose malabsorbers. Scand J

     Gastroenterol. 35(10):1048-52


     Lucey MR et al. 1987. Is bran efficacious in irritable bowel syndrome? A

     double blind placebo controlled crossover study. Gut. 28:221-25


     Niec AM et al. 1998. Are adverse food reactions linked to irritable bowel

     syndrome? Am J Gastroenterol. 93:2184-2190


     Nobaek S et al. 2000. Alteration of intestinal microflora is associated with

     reduction in abdominal bloating and pain in patients with irritable bowel

     syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 95:1231-1238


     Parker TJ et al. 1995. Management of patients with food intolerance in

     irritable bowel syndrome: the development and use of an exclusion diet. J

     Human Nutr Diet. 8:159-166


     Prior A et al. 1987. Double blind study of ispaghula in irritable bowel

     syndrome. Gut. 28(11):1510-1513

Smith MA et al. 1985. Food intolerance, atopy, and irritable bowel syndrome. Lancet.
ii:1064

Bodywork Therapies
Eriksen K 1994 Effects of upper cervical correction on chronic constipation Chiropractic
Research Journal 3:19
Falk J 1990 Bowel and bladder dysfunction secondary to lumbar dysfunctional syndrome
Chiropractic Technique 2:45

Ford M 1995 Hyperventilation, central autonomic control, and colonic tone in humans
Gut 37:499-504

Grove 1988 Digestive physiology and the clinical electrogastrogram. Paper presented at
the annual meeting of the Biofeedback Society of America, Colorado Springs March 25-
30 1988

Levitsky L Pulmonary Physiology, McGraw Hill, 4th Edition. 1995

Timmons B Ley R. 1994 (eds) Behavioral and Psychological Approaches to Breathing
Disorders. Plenum Press New York

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore

Wagner T 1995 Irritable bowel syndrome and spinal manipulation Chiropractic
Technique 7:139


Ulcerative Colitis
Acupuncture

White a, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy

Andresen AFR. 1942. Ulcerative colitis - an allergic phenomenon Am J Dig Dis. 9:91-
98

Aslan A & Triadafilopoulos G. 1992. Fish oil fatty acid supplementation in active
ulcerative colitis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Am J
Gastroenterol. 87(4):432-7.

Gionchetti P et al. 2000. Oral bacteriotherapy as maintenance treatment in patients with
chronic pouchitis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gastroenterology 2000
Aug;119(2):305-9
Gionchetti P et al. 1998. Microflora in the IBD pathogenesis. Possible therapeutic use
of probiotics. Gastroenterol Internat. 11:108-110

Halsted CH et al. 1981. Sulfasalazine inhibits the absorption of folates in ulcerative
colitis. N Engl J Med. 305:1513-1517

Hawthorne AB et al. 1992. Treatment of ulcerative colitis with fish oil supp lementation:
a prospective 12 month randomised controlled trial. Gut. 33(7):922-928

Lashner BA et al. 1997. The effect of folic acid supplementation on the risk for cancer
or dysplasia in ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology. 112:29-32

Lashner BA et al. 1989. Effect of folate supplementation on the incidence of dysplasia
and cancer in chronic ulcerative colitis: a case control study. Gatroenterology. 97:255-
259

Rider JA et al. 1962. Food hypersensitivity in ulcerative colitis: further experience with
an intramucosal test. Am J Gastroenterol. 37:497-507.

Rowe AH. 1942. Chronic ulcerative colitis – allergy in its etiology. Ann Intern Med.
17:83-100
Stenson WF et al. 1992. Dietary supplementation with fish oil in ulcerative colitis.
Ann Int Med. 116:609-614

Gallstones
Acupuncture

Diehl-DL, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 1999 Feb: 5(1):27-

45 (117 ref)


Nutritional Therapy

Berr F et al. 1992. Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids decrease biliary cholesterol
saturation in gallstone disease. Hepatology. 16: 960-967

Erlinger S. 2000. Gallstones in obesity and weight loss. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol.
12(12):1347-52

Everhart JE. 1993. Contributions of obesity and weight loss to gallstone disease. Ann
Intern Med. 119(10):1029-1035
Festi D et al. 1998. Gallbladder motility and gallstone formation in obese patients
following very low calorie diets. Use it (fat) to lose it (well). Int J Obes Relat
Metab Disord. 22(6):592-600.
Ginter E et al. 1977. Reduction of gallstone formation by ascorbic acid in
hamsters. Experientia. 33(6):716-717

Gustafsson U et al. 1997. Gustafsson, U., et al. The effect of vitamin C in high
doses on plasma and biliary lipid composition in patients with cholesterol
gallstones: prolongation of the nucleation time. Eur J Clin Invest. 27(5):387-391
Jayanthi V et al. 1998. Is vegetarianism a precipitating factor for gallstones in
cirrhotics? Trop Gastroenterol. 19:21-23
Kern F Jr. 1983. Epidemiology and natural history of gallstones. Semin Liver Dis.
3:87-96

Mendez-Sanchez N et al. 2001. Fish oil (n-3) polyunsaturated fats beneficially
affect biliary cholesterol nucleation time in obese women loosing weight. J Nutr.
131:2300-2303.
Misciagna G et al. 1999. Diet, physical activity and gallstones - a population-
based, case-control study in southern Italy. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
69(1):120-126

Moerman C et al. 1994. Dietary risk factors for clinically diagnosed gallstones in
middle-aged men: a 25-year follow-up study (the Zutphen study). Ann Epidemiol.
4(3):248-254
Moran, S et al. 1997. [Effects of fiber administration in the prevention of
gallstones in obese patients on a reducing diet. A clinical trial]. Rev Gastroenterol
Mex. 62(4):266-272

Simon JA & Hudes ES. 2000. Serum ascorbic acid and gallbladder disease
prevalence among US adults: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination
Survey (NHANES III). Arch Intern Med. 160(7):931-6
Simon JA et al. 1998. Simon, J. A., et al. Ascorbic acid supplement use and the
prevalence of gallbladder disease. J Clin Epidemiol. 51(3):257-265
Singh A et al. 1989. Gall bladder disease: an analytical report of 250 cases. J
Indian Med Assoc. 87:253-256
Stampfer MJ et al. 1992. Risk of symptomatic gallstones in women with severe
obesity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 55:652-658

Thornton, J. R. Gallstone disappearance associated with weight loss [letter].
Lancet. ii:478

Toouli J et al. 1975. Gallstone dissolution in man using cholic acid and lecithin.
Lancet. ii:1124-1126

Tuzhilin SA et al. 1976. The treatment of patients with gallstones by lecithin. Am
J Gastroenterol. 165:231-235
Wudel LJ Jr et al. 2002. Prevention of gallstone formation in morbidly obese
patients undergoing rapid weight loss: results of a randomized controlled pilot
study. J Surg Res. 102(1):50-6.
Zapata R et al. 2000. Gallbladder motility and lithogenesis in obese patients
during diet induced weight loss. Dig Dis Sci. 45:421-428

Bodywork Therapies


Burchett G 1968 Segmental spinal osteophytosis in visceral disease. Journal
American Osteopathic Association 67(6):675

DiGiovanna E Schiowitz S, The Hospitalized patient In : (DiGiovanna & E Erner
B Schiowitz S 1991eds) An Osteopathic Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment. JB
Lippincott, Philadelphia (pp413-419)
Kelso A. 1971 A double-blind clinical study of osteopathic findings in hospital
patients Journal American Osteopathic Association 70:570-592
Korr I M 1976 Spinal cord as organiser of disease process. Academy of Applied
Osteopathy Yearbook Newark, Ohio
Travell J Simons D 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction (Volume 1 Upper
Body) Williams & Wilkins Baltimore (pages 952-958)


Hepatitis
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Nutritional Therapy
Andreone P et al. 2001. Vitamin E as treatment for chronic hepatitis B: results of a
randomized controlled pilot trial. Antiviral Res. 49(2):75-81
Banic S. 1982. Immunostimmulation by vitamin C. In J Vitam Nutr Res Suppl. 23:49-
52
Gerber WF et al. 1975. Effect of ascorbic acid, sodium salicylate, and caffeine on the
serum interferon level in response to viral infection. Pharmacology. 13:228

Houglum K et al. 1997. A pilot study of the effects of d-alpha-tocopherol on hepatic
stellate cell activation in chronic hepatitis C. Gastroenterology. 113(4):1069-1073
Jain SK et al. 2002. Oxidative stress in chronic hepatitis C: not just a feature of late
stage disease. J Hepatol. 36(6):805-11

Suzuki H et al. 1986. Cianidanol therapy for Hbe-antigen-positive chronic hepatitis: A
multicentre, double-blind study. Liver. 6:35

Von Herbay A et al. 1996. Diminished plasma levels of vitamin E in patients with
severe viral hepatitis. Free Radic Res. 25(6):461-466

Zollinger PE et al. 1999. Effect of vitamin C on frequency of reflex sympathetic
dystrophy in wrist fractures: a randomised trial. Lancet. 354(9195):2025-8


Cystitis
Nutritional Therapy
Reid G et al. 1990. Is there a role for lactobacilli in prevention of urogenital and
intestinal infections? Clin Microbiol Rev. 3(4):335-44

Bodywork Therapies

Biomerth P 1994 Functional nocturnal enuresis Journal of Manipulative and
Physiological Therapeutics 17:335-338

Falk J 1990 Bowel and bladder dysfunction secondary to kumbar dysfunctional
syndrome. Chiropractic Technique 2:45-48

Kelsey M 1951 Diagnosis of upper abdominal pain Texas state Journal of Medicine
47:82-86
Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger
point Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
Travell J Simons D 1983 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point
Manual (Volume 1, Upper Body, 1st edition) Williams & Wilkins Baltimore


Weiss J 2001 Pelvic floor myofascial trigger points : manual therapy for interstitial
cystitis and the urgency-frequency syndrome. The Journal of Urology 166:2226-2231



Circulatory System
High Blood Pressure
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy

Burke, B. E., et al. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of coenzyme Q10
in isolated systolic hypertension. South Med J. 94(11):1112-1117, 2001.

Cappuccio FP, MacGregor GA. 1991. Does potassium supplementation lower blood
pressure? A meta-analysis of published trials. J Hypertension. 9:465-473

Gigiesi V et al. 1990. Effect of coenzyme Q10 in essential hypertension. Curr Ther Res
1990;47:841-845

Griffith LE, et al. 1999. The influence of dietary and non-dietary calcium
supplementation on blood pressure. An updated metaanalysis of rando mized controlled
trials. Am J Hypertension. 12:84-92

He FJ & MacGregor GA. 2002. Effect of modest salt reduction on blood pressure: a
meta-analysis of randomized trials. Implications for public health. J Hum Hypertens.
16:761-770
Jee SH et al. 1999. The effect of chronic coffee drinking on blood pressure. A
meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials. Hypertension. 33(2):647-652.
Kh R et al. 2000. Effect of oral magnesium supplementation on blood pressure,
platelet aggregation and calcium handling in deoxycorticosterone acetate induced
hypertension in rats. Journal of Hypertension. 18(7):919-926

Motoyama T et al. 1989. Oral magnesium supplementation in patients with essential
hypertension. Hypertension. 13:227-232

Resnick LM. 1999. The role of dietary calcium in hypertension.: a hierarchical review.
Am J Hypertension. 12:99-112

Singh RB et al. 1999. Effect of hydrosoluble coenzyme Q10 on blood pressures and
insulin resistance in hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease. J Hum Hypertens.
13:203-208

Stamler J et al. 1991. Findings of the international cooperative INTERSALT study.
Hypertension. 17:9-15
Vollmer WM et al. 2001. DASH-Sodium Trial Collaborative Research Group.

Effects of diet and sodium intake on blood pressure: subgroup analysis of the

DASH-sodium trial. Ann Intern Med. 135:1019-1028.


Bodywork Therapies

Bassett D 2002 Physical Activity and Ethnic Differences in Hypertension Prevalence in
the United States Preventive Medicine 34(2):179-186

Connelly D et al 1998 Effect of cranial adjusting on hypertension : case reports.
Chiropractic Technique 10(2):231-234

Hernandez-Reif M Hypertension symptoms are reduced by massage therapy.
Psychosomatic Medicine

Johnstone W et al 1995a Changes in presence of a segmental dysfunction pattern
Aassociated with hypertension: Part 1 A short-term longitudinal study Journal of
American Osteopathic Association 95:243-255

Johnstone W et al 1995b Changes in presence of a segmental dysfunction pattern
Aassociated with hypertension: part 2 A long-term longitudinal study Journal of
American Osteopathic Association 95:315-318

Masuo K Which is more effective on weight loss- induced blood pressure reduction, a low
caloric diet or an aerobic exercise? American Journal of Hypertension 14(4) Supplement
1: A214

Pescatello, L et al 1999 Mildly hypertensive premenopausal women. American Heart
Journal 138 (5 pt 1) 916-21

Pescatello L et al 2003 Postexercise hypotension differs between white and black women
American Heart Journal 145(2):364-370

Sydorchuk L et al 2002 Effect of different hypercapnic-hypoxic training protocols on the
arterial pressure levels in hypertensive patients American Journal of Hypertension
15(4)Supplement 1:A34
Tsaia T-C et al 2002 Beneficial effects on blood pressure and lipid profile of
programmed exercise training in subjects with white coat hypertension American Journal
of Hypertension 15(6):571-576
Sung B et al 2000 Effectiveness of various relaxation techniques in lowering blood

pressure associated with mental stress American Journal of Hypertension 13(4)

Sup.1:

Coronary Artery Disease
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Nutritional Therapy
Ascherio A. 2002. Epidemiologic studies on dietary fats and coronary heart disease.
Am J Med. 30;113 Suppl 9B:9-12.

Ascherio A & Willett WC. 1997. Health effects of trans fatty acids. Am J Clin Nutr.
66:1006s-1010s

Assmann, G. et al. 1998. The emergence of triglycerides as a significant independent
risk factor in coronary artery disease. Eur Heart J. 19 Suppl M:M8-M14.

Enstrom JE et al. 1992. Vitamin C intake and mortality among a sample of the
United States population. Epidemiology. 3:194-202
Griffin BA & Fielding BA. 2001. Postprandial lipid handling. Curr Opin Clin
Nutr Metab Care. 4:93-98.
Harris WS. 1989. Fish oils and plasma lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in
humans: a critical review. J Lipid Res. 30(6):785-807.
Hu FB & Willett WC. 2002. Optimal diets for prevention of coronary heart
disease. JAMA. 288(20):2569-78.
Jacobs DR et al. 1999. Is whole grain intake associated with reduced total and
cause-specific death rates in older women? The Iowa Women‟s Health Study. Am
J Public Health. 89:1-8

Jenkins DJ et al. 2000. Viscous and nonviscous fibres, nonabsorbable and low
glycaemic index carbohydrates, blood lipids and coronary heart disease. Curr Opin
Lipidol. 11:49-56.
Joshipura KJ et al. 2001. The effect of fruit and vegetable intake on risk for
coronary heart disease. Ann Intern Med. 134(12):1106-14
Khaw KT et al for the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and
Nutrition. 2001. Relation between plasma ascorbic acid and mortality in men and
women in EPIC-Norfolk prospective study:a prospective population study. Lancet.
357:657-663

Liu S et al. 2000. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: the
Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 72(4):922-8

Liu S et al. 1999. Whole-grain consumption and risk of coronary heart disease:
results from the Nurses‟ Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 70:412-419

Losonczy KG et al. 1996. Vitamin E and vitamin C supplement use and risk of all-
cause and coronary heart disease mortality in older persons: the Established
Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly. Am J Clin Nutr. 64:190-196
Mitchinson MJ, et al. Mortality in the CHAOS trial. Lancet 1999;353:381-382

Nordoy A et al. 2001. n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular
Diseases. Lipids. (Suppl)36:S127-S129
Oomen CM et al. 2001. Association between trans fatty acid intake and 10- year
risk of coronary heart disease in the Zutphen Elderly Study: a prospective
population-based study. Lancet. 357(9258):746-51.

Parks EJ. 2002. Dietary carbohydrate's effects on lipogenesis and the relationship
of lipogenesis to blood insulin and glucose concentrations. Br J Nutr. 87 Suppl
2:S247-53.
Rimm EB & Stampfer MJ. 2000. Antioxidants for vascular disease. Med Clin
North Am. 84:239-249
Rimm EB et al. 1998. Folate and vitamin B6 from diet and supplements in relation
to risk of coronary heart disease among women. JAMA. 279:359-364

Rimm EB et al. 1996. Vegetable, fruit and cereal fibre intake and risk of coronary
heart disease among men. JAMA. 275:447-451

Rissanen TH et al. 2003. Low intake of fruits, berries and vegetables is associated
with excess mortality in men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor
(KIHD) Study. J Nutr. 133(1):199-204.
Stephens NG, et al. Randomised controlled trial of vitamin E in patients with
coronary disease: Cambridge heart antioxidant study (CHAOS). Lancet
1996;347:781-786

Utiger RD. 1998. The need for more vitamin D. N Engl J Med. 338:828-829
Willett WC et al. 1993. Intake of trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease
among women. Lancet. 341:581-585

Bodywork Therapies
BACR 2000 Phase lV exercise instructor manual (2nd edition) British Association for
cardiac Rehabilitation, London

Bonn, D. 1998, Exercise prevents stroke and improves recovery from stroke Lancet 352
(9135) 1201

De Guire S, Gervitz R, Kawahara Y, Maguire W. 1992. Hyperventilation syndrome and
the assessment and treatment for functional cardiac symptoms. American Journal of
Cardiology . 70, 673-677

KASCH, F.W. et al 1999 Ageing of the cardiovascular system during 33 years of aerobic
exercise Age & Ageing 28 (6) 531-536

Lemaitre, R.N. et al 1999 Leisure-time physical activity and the risk of primary cardiac
arrest Archives Internal Medicine159 (7) 686-690

Pryor J Prasad S 2002 Physiotherapy for respiratory and cardiac problems (3rd edition)
Churchill Livingstone Edinburgh

Sherman, S.E. et al 1999 Comparison of past versus recent physical activity in the
prevention of premature death and coronary artery disease American Heart Journal 138
(5,part 1) 900-907


Palpitations
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1 st September 2001, 323 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1 st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Nutritional Therapy

Bagio E et al. 1994. Italian multicenter study on the safety and efficacy of
coenzyme Q10 as adjunctive therapy in heart failure. CoQ10 Drug Surveillance
Investigators. Mol Aspects Med. 15 Suppl:s287-94
Bashir Y, et al. Effects of long-term magnesium chloride replacement in congestive
heart failure secondary to coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol 1993 72:1156-1162
De Deckere EAM et al. 1998. Health aspects of fish and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty
acids from plant and marine origin. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
52:749-753
Mortensen SA et al. 1990. Coenzyme Q10: Clinical benefits with biochemical
correlates suggesting a scientific breakthrough in the management of chronic heart
failure. Int J Tissue React. 12(3):155-162

Siscovick DS et al. 1996. Dietary intake and cell membrane levels of long chain n-3
polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of primary cardiac arrest. JAMA. 274:1363-
1367

Bodywork Therapies
Ansara A 1987 The „straight back‟ syndrome : current perspective: a prospective
clinical, electrocardiographic, roentgenographic and echocardiographic study of 50
patients. Clinical cardiology 8:290

Beal M 1983 Palpatory testing for somatic dysfunction in patients with cardiovascular
disease. Journal American Osteopathic Association 82(11):73-82

Burns L 1943 Preliminary report of cardiac changes following correction of third thoracic
lesions Journal American Osteopathic Association 42:3

Burns L 1945 Tracings showing pulse changes following certain lesions Journal
American Osteopathic Association 44:4

Hana J Stegena K, et al 1999 Influence of breathing therapy on complaints, anxiety and
breathing pattern in patients with hyperventilation syndrome and anxiety disorders
Journal of Psychosomatic Research 41(5):481-493

Jarmel M et al Improvement in cardiac autonomic regulation following spinal
manipulative therapy. In: Cleveland C Haldeman S (eds) : Conference proceedings of
Chiropractic Centenial Foundation (p359) Chiropractic Centenial Foundation, Da venport,
Iowa.

Nakao K et al 1997 Hyperventilation as a Specific Test for Diagnosis of Coronary Artery
Spasm The American Journal of Cardiology 80(5)545-549

Palmer DD 1910 The science and art of chiropractic (p951) Portland Publishing House,
Portland Oregon

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition pp 829-830). Williams & Wilkins
Baltimore


Varicose Veins
Nutritional Therapy

Burkitt DP. 1976. Varicose veins: facts and fantasy. Arch Surg. 111(12):1327-
32.
Fine AM. 2000. Oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes: history, structure, and
phytopharmaceutical applications. Alternative Medicine Review. 5(2):144-151.

Gomez Trillo JT. 1973. Varicose veins of the lower extremities: Symptomatic
treatment with a new vasculotrophic agent. Prensa Med Mex. 38:293-296
Hammerstone JF et al. 2000. Procyanidin content and variation in some
commonly consumed foods. Journal of Nutrition. 130(8):2086-2092S.
Lee AJ et al. 2001. Fiber intake, constipation, and risk of varicose veins in the
general population: Edinburgh Vein Study. J Clin Epidemiol. 54(4):423-9.
Mackay D. 2001. Hemorrhoids and varicose veins: a review of treatment options.
Alternative Medicine Review. 6(2):126-140.
Iannuzzi A et al. 2002. varicose veins of the lower limbs and venous capacitance
in postmenopausal women: relationship with obesity. J Vasc Surg. 36:965-968
Bodywork Therapies
Coccheri S et al Changes in the use of health resources by patients with chronic
phlebopathies after thermal hydrotherapy. Report from the Naiade project, a nation-wide
survey on thermal therapies in Italy. International Angiology: a Journal Of The
International Union Of Angiology 21(2)196-200

Häfner H et al 2001a Medical compression therapy Zentralblatt Fur Chirurgie
126(7):551-556

Hafner J 2001b Conservative therapy in varicose symptom complex. Revue Suisse De
Medecine Praxis 90(6): 197-204

Ibegbuna V et al 1997 Effect of lightweight compression stockings on venous
haemodynamics International Angiology: a Journal of The International Union of
Angiology 16( 3):185-188

Klyscz T 1997 Vascular sports in ambulatory therapy of venous circulatory disorders of
the legs. Diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic aspects Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Fur
Dermatologie, Venerologie, Und Verwandte Gebiete 48(6):384-390 (in German)

Mancini S et al 2003 Clinical, functional and quality of life changes after balneokinesis
with sulphurous water in patients with varicose veins Journal For Vascular Diseases
32(1)26-30




Raynaud's Disease
Acupuncture
Appiah T, Hiller S, Caspary L, Alexander K, Creutzig A: Journal of Internal

Medicine 1997 Feb: 241(2): 119-24

Nutritional Therapy
Holti G et al. 1979. An experimentally controlled evaluation of the effect of inositol
nicotinate upon the digital blood flow in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon. J Int Med
Res. 7(6):473-483.

Leppert J et al. 1994. The concentration of magnesium in erythrocytes in female patients
with primary Raynaud's phenomenon; fluctuation with the time of year. Angiology.
45(4):283-8.

Ring EF et al. 1977. Quantitative thermographic assessment of inositol nicotinate
therapy in Raynaud's phenomena. J Int Med Res. 5(4):217-222.

Sunderland GT et al. 1988. A double blind randomized placebo controlled trial of
Hexopal in primary Raynaud's disease. Clin Rheum. 7(1):46-49.

Turlapaty P et al. 1980. Magnesium deficiency produces spasms of coronary arteries;
relationship to etiology of sudden death ischemic heart disease. Science. 208:198-200

Bodywork Therapies
Lovaste M et al 1985 Thoracic outlet syndrome Minerva Medica 76(37):1681-1686 (in
Italian)

Liebenson C 1988 Thoracic outlet syndrome. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological
Therapeutics 11(6):493-499,

Nichols A 1996 The thoracic outlet syndrome in athletes. Journal of the American Board
of Family Practice 9(5)346-355

Theisler C 1990 Posttraumatic thoracic outlet compression syndrome. American Journal
of Chiropractic Medicine 3(4):141-151


Musculoskeletal System
Back and Neck Pain
Acupuncture

Van Tulder-M, Cherkin-D, Berman-B, Laol-Koes-B: Acupuncture for Low Back

Pain, Cochrane Library (Oxford) 1999


Nutritional Medicine
Al Faraj S, Al Mutairi K. 2003. Vitamin D deficiency and chronic low back pain in
Saudi Arabia. Spine 2003 Jan 15;28(2):177-9

Greenwood J Jr. 1966. Optimum vitamin C intake as a factor in the preservation
of disc integrity. Med Ann D.C. 33:274-276
Bodywork Therapies
Blomberg S et al 1994Controlled multicentre trial of manual therapy in low back pain :
initial status, sick leave and pain score during follow up Orthopaedic medicine 16:1

Hagen KB, Hilde G, Jamtvedt G, Winnem MF. The Cochrane review of bed rest for
acute low back pain and sciatica. Spine 2000;25:2932-2939.

Hides J, Richardson C, Jull G.1996. Multifidus muscle recovery is not automatic after
resolution of acute, first episode low back pain. Spine. 21:2763-2769.

Hides JA, Jull GA, Richardson CA.2001. Long Term Effects Of Specific Stabil ising
Exercises For First Episode Low Back Pain. Spine 26: 243-248.

Hodges PW, Richardson CA.1999. Transversus abdominis and the superficial abdominal
muscles are controlled independently in a postural task. Neuroscience Letters. 265: 91-
94.

Meade T et al 1995Randomised comparison of chiropractic and hospital outpatient
management of low back pain - results from extended follow-up BMJ 11:349

Snook,S.H., Webster,B.S., McGorry et al 1998 The reduction of chronic nonspecific low
back pain through the control of early morning lumbar flexion, Spine 23: 2601-2607.

Snook,S.H., Webster,B.S., McGorry,R.W. 2002 The reduction of chronic, nonspecific
low back pain through the control of early morning lumbar flexion:3 – year follow-up. J
Occupational Rehabilitation 12:13-20.

Triano J et al 1995Manipulative Therapy versus education programmes in chronic low
back pain Spine 20:948




Sciatica
Acupuncture

Vantulder-M, Cherki-D, Berman-B, Laol Koes-B: Acupuncture for Low Back Pain,

Cochrane Review, Cochrane Library, Oxford (1999)
Nutritional Medicine
Mauro GL et al. 2000. Vitamin B12 in low back pain: a randomised, double-blind,
placebo-controlled study. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 4(3):53-8.

Bodywork Therapies
Bergmann T et al 1998 Manipulative therapy in lower back pain with leg pain and
neurological deficit Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological Therapeutics 21(4):288-
294

Cherkin D et al 1998 A comparison of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, and
provision of an educational booklet for the treatment of patients with low back pain. New
England Journal Of Medicine 339(15):1021-1029

Foster M 2002 Piriformis syndrome. Orthopedics 25(8):821-825

Greenfield K 2002 Microdiscectomy versus conservative treatment for lumbar disc
herniation: a randomized clinical trial The Spine Journal (25)Supplement 1:47

Hagen K et al 2002 The cochrane review of advice to stay active as a single treatment for
low back pain and sciatica Spine 27(16):1736-1741

Hourcade S et al 2002 Computed tomography in low back pain and sciatica. A
retrospective study of 132 patients in the Haute-Vienne district of France. Joint Bone
Spine 69(6):589-596

Huber H 1990 The piriformis syndrome-a possible cause of sciatica. Revue Suisse De
Medecine Praxis 79(9):235-236

Li L et al 2001 Physical therapy management of low back pain: an exploratory survey of
therapist approaches. Physical Therapy 81(4)1018-1028

Manniche C et al 1991 Intensive dynamic back exercises for chronic low back pain: a
clinical trial Pain 47(1):53-63

Möller H et al 2000 Surgery versus conservative management in adult isthmic
spondylolisthesis-a prospective randomized study: part 1 Spine 25(13):1711-1715

Soukup M 1999 The effect of a Mensendieck exercise program as secondary prophylaxis
for recurrent low back pain. A randomized, controlled trial with 12-month follow-up
Spine 24(15):1585-1591

Te Poorten B 1969 The piriformis muscle. Journal of American Osteopathic Association
69:150-160

Prolapsed Disc
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001 323, 486-

487


Nutritional Therapy


Greenwood J Jr. 1964 Optimum vitamin C intake as a factor in the preservation of
disc integrity. Med Ann Dist Columbia. 33:274

Bodywork Therapies

Adams M 1998 The effects of lumbar extension on intradiscal stresses: relevance to
"McKenzie" physical therapy Journal of Biomechanics 31, Supplement 1:103

Bergmann T et al 1998 Manipulative therapy in lower back pain with leg pain and
neurological deficit. ournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 21(4):288-
294

Constantoyannis C et al 2002 Intermittent cervical traction for cervical radiculopathy
caused by large-volume herniated disks Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological
Therapeutics 25(3):188-192

El-sayed A et al 1999 Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: an alternative to TENS
in the management of sciatica Pain 83(2)193-199

Fritzell P 2001 Lumbar fusion versus nonsurgical treatment for chronic low back pain: a
multicenter randomized controlled trial from the Swedish Lumbar Spine Study Group
Spine 26(23)2521-2532

Guadagnino M 1997 Flexion-distraction manipulation of a patient with a proven disc
herniation. Journal of The Neuromusculoskeletal System 1997; 5(2):70-73

Maigne J 1994 CT follow- up of 21 cases of nonoperatively treated cervical soft disc
herniation. Spine, 19(2):189-191

Ostelo R et al 2002 Rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery. Cochrane Database of
Systematic Reviews (Online): 2: Page CD003007

Ostelo R et al 2003 Rehabilitation following first-time lumbar disc surgery: a systematic
review within the framework of the cochrane collaboration. Spine 28(3):209-218

Slavin K 2001 Spontaneous regression of a large lumbar disc herniation: report of an
illustrative case Surgical Neurology 56(5)333-336
Stoll T 2001 Physiotherapy in lumbar disc herniation Therapeutische Umschau. Revue
Therapeutique 58(8):487-492

Thompson K 2002 Two- year results from the Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy
nationwide registry The Spine Journal 2(2,) Supplement 1:10

Sports Injuries
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323-485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy


Bohmen D et al. 1984. Treatment of chondropathia patellae in young athletes with
glucosamine sulfate. Current Topics in Sports Medicine. Urban and
Schwarzenberg, Vienna.
Braham R et al. 2003. The effect of glucosamine supple mentation on people
experiencing regular knee pain. Br J Sports Med. 37(1):45-9
Liu AC et al. 1994. Influence of manganese deficiency on the characteristics of
proteoglycans of avain epiphyseal growth plate cartilage. Poultry Science. 73:663-
669
Masson, M. 1995. Bromelain in the treatment of blunt injuries to the
musculoskeletal system. A case observation study by an orthopedic surgeon in
private practice. Fortschr Med. 113(19):303-306


Bodywork Therapies
Allen R 1997 Sports Medicine IN : Ward R (ed) Foundations of Osteopathic Medicine.
Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore

Birch K 1999 Overtraining the female athlete Journal of Bodywork and Movement
Therapies 3(1):24-29

Feinberg E 1997 Sports Chiropractic In: Redwood D (ed) Contemporary Chiropractic
Churchill Livingstone New York
Hodson A 1999 Too Much too Soon ? The risk of „overuse‟ injuries in young football
players. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 3(2);85-91

Sheehan G Sports Medicine renaissance Physician Sports Medicine 1990 18(11):26

Watkins R 1996 Lumbar Spine Injury in the Athlete In: Liebenson C (ed) Rehabilitation
of the Spine. Williams & Wilkins Baltimore


Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Bodywork Therapies
Curl D 1991 Acute closed lock of the TM Joint. Journal of Chiropractic Technic
3(1):13
Fu K et al 2002 Manipulation aided by joint cavity extension followed by occlusal
splint for treatment of acute anterior disk displacement without reduction Chinese
Journal of Stomatology 37(1):36-38

Minakuchi H et al 2001 Randomized controlled evaluation of non-surgical
treatments for temporomandibular joint anterior disc displacement without
reduction Journal of Dental Research 80(3):924-928

Nicolakis P 2000 Exercise therapy for craniomandibular disorders Archives of Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation 81(9):1137-1142

Schoenholtz F 1978 Conservative management of temperomandibular joint dysfunction
Journal American Chiropractic Association 12(suppl):57

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore

Yoda T et al 2003 A randomized controlled trial of therapeutic exercise for clicking due
to disk anterior displacement with reduction in the temporomandibular joint Cranio: The
Journal of Craniomandibular Practice 21(1):10-16

Yuasa H et al 2001 Randomized clinical trial of primary treatment for
temporomandibular joint disc displacement without reduction and without osseous
changes: A combination of NSAIDs and mouth-opening exercise versus no treatment
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology & Endodontics 91(6):671-
675

Frozen Shoulder
Acupuncture
Moor & Birk, Tukmachi ES, Acupuncture in Medicine 1999 17(1): 9-21


Pothman R, Weigel A, Stux: Frozen Shoulder: Differential acupuncture Therapy

with Point ST38: American Journal of Acupuncture 1980:891):65-69.


Sun KO, Chan KC, Lo SL, Fong DY: Acupuncture for Frozen Shoulder: Hong

Kong Medical Journey 2001 7(4) 381-91


Kleinhenz Streitberger K, Windeler J, GuBbacher A, Mavridis G, Martin E.

Randomised clinical trial comparing the effects of acupuncture and a newly

designed sham needle in rotator Cuff tendinitis. Pain 1999: 83: 235-24


Nutritional Therapy


Harel, Z. et al. 2002. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
in the management of recurrent migraines in adolescents. J Adolesc Health.
31:154-61.
Simopoulos, A.P. 2002. Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation and autoimmune
diseases. J Am Coll Nutr. 21:495–505.



Bodywork Therapies


Liebenson C (ed) Rehabilitation of the Spine Williams & Wilkins Baltimore


Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger
point Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
pp604-612

Strong J Unruh A Wright A Baxter G 2002 Pain : A textbook for therapists
Churchill Livingstone Edinburgh

Weber M Prim J Bugglin R et al 1995 Long-term follow-up of patients with frozen
shoulder. Clinical Rheumatology 14(6):686-691
Bursitis

Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Nutritional Therapy

Harel, Z. et al. 2002. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
in the management of recurrent migraines in adolescents. J Adolesc Health.
31:154-61.
Klemes IS. 1957. Vitamin B12 in acute subdeltoid bursitis. Indust Med Surg
1957;26:290-292
Simopoulos, A.P. 2002. Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation and autoimmune
diseases. J Am Coll Nutr. 21: 495–505.
Bodywork Therapies

Simons D Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The trigger
point manual, Upper Body (2nd edition) Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
Zarins B, Adams M: Knee injuries in sports. N Engl J Med 1988 Apr 14; 318(15):
950-61


Repetitive Strain Injury
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy


Ellis JM. Vitamin B6 deficiency in patients with a clinical syndrome including the carpal
tunnel defect. Biochemical and clinical response to therapy with pyridoxine. Res Comm
Chem Pharm 1976;13(4):743-757
Ellis JM, et al. Survey and new data on treatment with pyridoxine of patients having a
clinical syndrome including the carpal tunnel and other defects. Res Comm Chem Pharm
1977;17(1):165-177

Folkers, K., et al. Successful therapy with vitamin B6 and vitamin B2 of the carpal
tunnel syndrome and need for determination of the RDAs for vitamins B6 and B2 for
disease states. Ann NY Acad Sci. 585:295-301, 1990.

Folkers, K., et al. Enzymology of the response of the carpal tunnel syndrome to
riboflavin and to combined riboflavin and pyridoxine. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA.
81(22):7076-7078, 1984.

Bodywork Therapies

Alexander `F 1996 (originally 1910) In: Fisher J (ed) Man‟s Supreme Inheritence.
Mouritz London

Bálint G 2003 Foot and ankle disorders Best Practice & Research Clinical
Rheumatology (17)1:87-111

Barendsen, Kristin 1995 Can yoga help reverse RSI? Yoga Journal 125:49

Cranz G 2000 The Alexander Technique in the world of Design: posture and the common
chair. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 4(2):90-98

Fagarasanu F Kuma S 2003 Carpal tunnel syndrome due to keyboarding and mouse
tasks: a review International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 31(2):119-136

Garfinkel M 1998 Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized
trial. Journal American medical Association 280:1601–1603

Hochberg F Hochberg N 2000 Occupational cramps/focal dystonia In : Tubiana R
Amadio P (Eds) Medical Problems of the Instrumental Musician. Martin Dunitz London

Sequeira W 1999 Yoga in treatment of carpal-tunnel syndrome Lancet 353( 9154):689-
690

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore pp753-773

Osteoarthritis
Acupuncture

Ezzo-J, Hadhazy-V, Birch-S, Lao-L, Kaplan-G, Hochberg-M, Berman B, Arthritis

and Rheumatism, 2001: 44(4): 819-825.
Nutritional Therapy
Bucsi L et al. 1998. Efficacy and tolerability of oral chondroitin sulfate as a
symptomatic slow-acting drug for osteoarthritis (SYSADOA) in the treatment of knee
osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. May 6, (Supplement A):31-36.

Childers NF. 1982. A relationship of arthritis to the solanaceae (nightshades). J Internat
Acad Pre Med. Nov:31-37

Childers NF & Margoles MS. 1993. An apparent relation of nightshades (Solanacea) to
arthritis. J Neurol Orthop Med Surg. 14:227-231

Dovanti A et al. 1980. Therapeutic activity of oral glucosamine sulphate in
osteoarthritis: a placebo-controlled double-blind investigation. Clinical Therapeutics.
3(4):266-272

Jonas WB et al. 1996. The effect of niacinamide on osteoarthritis: a pilot study.
Inflamm Res. 45(7):330-334

Leeb BF et al. 2000. A metaanalysis of chondroitin sulfate in the treatment of
osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol. 27(1):205-11

Leipner J et al. 2001. Therapy with proteolytic enzymes in rheumatic disorders.
BioDrugs. 15(12):779-789

Lippiello L et al. 1999. Beneficial effect of cartilage disease- modifying agents tested in
chondrocyte cultures and a rabbit instability model of osteoarthrosis. American College
of Rheumatology 1999 Annual Meeting, Boston, MA

Muller-Fabbender H et al. 1994. Glucosamine sulphate compared to ibuprofen in
osteoarthritis of the knee Osteo and Cart. 2:61-69

Noack W et al. 1994. Glucosamine sulphate in osteoarthritis of the knee. Osteo and Cart.
2:51-59

Pujalte JM et al. 1980. Double blind clinical evaluation of oral glucosamine sulphate in
the basic treatment of osteoarthrosis. Curr Med Res Opin. 2:110-114

Qiu GX et al. 1998. Efficacy and safety of glucosamine sulfate versus ibuprofen in
patients with knee osteoarthritis. Arzneimittelforschung. 48:469-474

Reginster JY et al. 2001. Long-term effects of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis
progression: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Lancet. 357:251-256.

Uebelhart D et al. 1998. Effects of oral chondroitin sulfate on the progression of k nee
osteoarthritis: a pilot study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 6(Suppl A):39-46
Verbruggen G et al. 1998. Chondroitin sulfate: S/DMOAD (structure/disease
modifying anti-osteoarthritis drug) in the treatment of finger joint OA.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 6(Supplement A):37-38

Bodywork Therapies
Brandt K 1998 The importance of nonpharmacologic approaches in management of
osteoarthritis The American Journal of Medicine 105(1, Supplement 2) :39S-44S

Cushnaghan J 1994 Taping the patella medially: a new treatment for osteoarthritis of the
knee joint?. British Medical Journal 308:753–755

Chung-Yi L 2002 Exercise reduces `activities of daily living disability' in elderly people
with knee osteoarthritis Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 83(9):1187-
119

Ernst E 2000 Complementary and alternative medicine in rheumatology Baillière's Best
Practice and Research in Clinical Rheumatology 14,(4):731-749

Green J et al 1993 Home exercises are as effective as outpatient hydrotherapy for
osteoarthritis of the knee. British Journal of Rheumatology 32:812–815.

Kerrigan D 1998 Knee osteoarthritis and high- heeled shoes. Lancet 351:1399–1401

Minor M 1994 Exercise in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee and hip.
Arthritis Care Research 7:198–204

Oddis C 1996 New Perspectives on Osteoarthritis The American Journal of Medicine
Volume 100(2, Supplement 1):10S-15S

Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger point
manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore

Sasaki T et al 1987 Clinical evaluation of the treatment of osteoarthritic knees using a
newly designed wedged insole. Clinical Orthopedics 221:181–187
Taylor P et al 1981 Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with transcutaneous electrical
nerve stimulation. Pain 11: 233–240

Topp R 2002 The effect of dynamic versus isometric resistance training on pain and
functioning among adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. Archives of Physical Medicine
and Rehabilitation 83(9):1187-1195

van Barr M et al 1999 Effectiveness of exercise therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of
the hip or knee: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Arthritis &
Rheumatism 42: 1361–1369
Voloshin D et al 1981 Influence of artificial shock absorbers on human gait. Clinical
Orthopedics 160:52–56.


Rheumatoid Arthritis
Acupuncture

Lautenschlager-J: Acupuncture in the Treatment of Inflammatory Rheumatoid

Disease. Zeitschr.Fur. Rheumatol. 19967;56:8-20

Nutritional Therapy
Adam O et al. 2003. Anti- inflammatory effects of a low arachidonic acid diet and fish
oil in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatol Int. 23(1):27-36.

Bandt MD et al. 2002. Vitamin E uncouples joint destruction and clinical inflammation
in a transgenic mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 46(2):522-532

Beri, D., et al. 1988. Effect of dietary restrictions on disease activity in rheumatoid
arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 47:69-72

Brzeski M et al. 1991. Evening primrose oil in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and
side effects of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Br J Rheumatol. 30:370-372

Cleland LG et al. 1988. Clinical and biochemical effects of fish oil supplements in
rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 15:471-475

Darlington LG et al. 1986. Placebo-controlled, blind study of dietary manipulation
therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. Lancet. i:236-238

Darlington LG. 1991. Dietary therapy for arthritis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 17:273-
285.

Edmonds SE et al. 1997. Putative analgesic activity of repeated oral doses of vitamin E
in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Results of a prospective placebo-controlled
double-blind trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 56:649-655

Fariburn K et al. 1992. Alpha-tocopherol, lipids and lipoproteins in knee-joint synovial
fluid and serum from patients with inflammatory joint diseases. Clin Sci. 83(6):657-664

Geusens P et al. 1994. Long-term effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in active
rheumatoid arthritis. Arthrit Rheum. 37:824-829

Hicklin JA et al. 1980. The effect of diet in rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Allergy. 10:463

Jantti J et al. 1989. Evening primrose oil and olive oil in the treatment of rheumatoid
arthritis. Clin Rheumatol. 8:238-244
Kremer JM, et al. 1987. Fish oil fatty acid supplementation in patients with rheumatoid
arthritis. Ann Int Med. 106(4):497-503

Kremer JM, et al. 1990. Dietary fish oil and olive oil supplementation in patients with
rheumatoid arthritis. Arthrit Rheum. 33(6):810-820

Kremer JM et al. 1995. Effects of high dose fish oil on rheumatoid arthritis after
stopping nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Arthritis Rheum. 38:1107-1114

Leventhal LJ et al. 1993. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with gamma-linolenic acid.
Ann Intern Med. 119:867-873

Leventhal LJ et al. 1994. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with black currant seed oil.
Br J Rheumatol. 33:847-852

Panush RS et al. 1988. Diet therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 26:462-
471
Taylor, M. R. 1983. Food allergy as an etiological factor in arthropathies: a
survey. J Internat Acad Prev Med 8:28-38


Van der Tempel H et al. 1990. Effects of fish oil supplementation in rheumatoid
arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 49:76-80

Volker D et al. 2000. Efficacy of fish oil concentrate in the treatment of rheumatoid
arthritis. J Rheumatol. 27(10):2343-2346

Walker WR et al. 1976. An investigation of the therapeutic value of the “copper
bracelet”. Dermal assimilation of copper in arthritic rheumatoid conditions. Agents
Actions. 6:454-459

Wittenborg A et al. 1998. [Effectiveness of vitamin E in comparison with diclofenac
sodium in treatment of patients with chronic polyarthritis]. Z Rheumatol. 57(4):215-21

Zurier RB et al. 1996. Gamma- linolenic acid treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: A
randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum 1996;39:1808-1817

Bodywork Therapies
Casimiro L et al 2003 Therapeutic ultrasound for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
(Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2 2003. Oxford: Update Software.

Brosseau L et al 2003 Low level laser therapy (Classes I, II and III) for treating
rheumatoid arthritis (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2 2003.
Oxford: Update Software.
Van den Ende C et al 2003 Dynamic exercise therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis
(Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2 2003. Oxford: Update Software.

Verhagen A al 2003 . Balneotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
(Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2 2003. Oxford: Update
Software:

Fibromyalgia

Gout
Nutritional Therapy
Dessein PH, Shipton EA, Stanwix AE, Joffe BI, Ramokgadi J. Beneficial effects of
weight loss associated with moderate calorie/carbohydrate restriction, and increased
proportional intake of protein and unsaturated fat on serum urate and lipoprotein levels in
gout: a pilot study. Ann Rheum Dis 2000;59:539-43..


Drum DE, Goldman PA, Jankowski CB. Elevation of serum uric acid as a clue to alcohol
abuse. Arch Intern Med 1981;141:477-9


Emmerson BT. The management of gout. N Engl J Med 1996; 334:445-51


Gibson T, Rodgers AV, Simmonds HA, Court-Brown F, Todd E, Meilton V. A
controlled study of diet in patients with gout. Ann Rheum Dis 1983;42:123-7).


Sharpe CR. A case-control study of alcohol consumption and drinking behaviour in
patients with acute gout. Can Med Assoc J 1984;131:563-7


Yu T-F. Milestones in the treatment of gout. Am J Med 1974; 56:676-85)

Ankylosing Spondylitis
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487
Nutritional Therapy


Falkenbach A et al. 2001. Serum 25- hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone
in patients with ankylosing spondylitis before and after a three-week rehabilitation
treatment at high altitude during winter and spring. Wien Klin Wochenschr.
113(9):328-332

Harel, Z. et al. 2002. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
in the management of recurrent migraines in adolescents. J Adolesc Health.
31:154-61.
Lange U et al. 2001. Relationship between disease activity and serum levels of
vitamin D metabolites and parathyroid hormone in ankylosing spondylitis.
Osteoporos Int. 12(12):1031-1035

Simopoulos, A.P. 2002. Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation and autoimmune
diseases. J Am Coll Nutr. 21: 495–505.

Bodywork Therapies


Cappo B Holmes D 1984 Utility of prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing
physiological and psychological arousal in non-threatening and threatening
situations Jnl. Psychosomatic Research 28(4)pp265-273

Helliwell P, CA Abbott, MA Chamberlain. A randomised trial of three different
physiotherapy regimes in ankylosing spondylitis. Physiotherapy 1996 82: 85-90

Walker J Helewa A 1996 Physical Therapy in Arthritis WB Saunders philadelphia

Osteoporosis
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1 st September 2001, 323 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1 st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy
Albertazzi P & Coupland K. 2002. Polyunsaturated fatty acids. Is there a role in
postmenopausal osteoporosis prevention? Maturitas. 42(1):13-22.

Alekel DL et al. 2000. Isoflavone-rich soy protein isolate attenuates bone loss in the
lumbar spine of perimenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 72(3):844-52.
Binkley NC et al. 1995. Vitamin K nutrition and osteoporosis..Journal of Nutrition.
125:1812-1821

Carpenter TO et al. 2000. Usual dietary magnesium intake in NHANES III is associated
with femoral bone mass. J Bone Mineral Res. 15:S292

Chapuy MC et al. 1992. Vitamin D and calcium to prevent hip fractures in elderly
women. New Eng J Med. 327:1637-1642

Dawson-Hghes B et al. 1997. Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone
density in men and women 65 years of age or older. New Eng J Med. 337:670-676

Devine A et al. 1995. A longitudinal study of the effect of sodium and calcium intakes
on regional bone density in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 62:740-745

Dimai HP et al. 1998. Daily oral magnesium supplementation suppresses bone turnover
in young adult males. J Clin Endocrinol Met. 83:2742-2748

Eastell R & Lambert H. 2002. Strategies for skeletal health in the elderly. Proc Nutr
Soc. 61:173-180

Eisinger J et al. 1993. Effects of silicon, fluoride, etidronate and magnesiliconum on
bone mineral density: A retrospective study. Magnesiliconum Research. 6:247-249

Evans CEL et al. 1997. The effect of dietary sodium on calcium metabolism in
postmenopausal women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 51: 394-399

Falch JA et al. 1998. Low levels of serum ascorbic acid in elderly patients with hip
fracture. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 58(3):225-228

Feskanich D et al. 2003. Calcium, vitamin D, milk consumption, and hip fractures: a
prospective study among postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 77(2):504-11

Hall SL et al. 1998. The relation of dietary vitamin C intake to bone mineral density:
results from the PEPI study. Calcif Tissue Int. 63(3):183-189

Harris SS et al. 1994. Caffeine and bone loss in healthy postmenopausal women. Am J
Clin Nutr. 60:573-578

Hernandez-Avila M et al. 1991. Caffeine, moderate alcohol intake, and risk of fractures
of the hip and forearm in middle aged women. Am J Clin Nutr. 54:157-163

Ilch JZ & Brownbill RA. 2001. More evidence for the beneficial effects of moderate
alcohol intake and adverse effects of caffeine consumption on bone mass in
postmenopausal women. J Bone Mineral Res. 16:S273
Lowe NM et al. 2002. Is there a potential therapeutic value of copper and zinc for
osteoporosis? Proc Nutr Soc. 61:181-185

Macdonald HM et al. 2000. Femoral neck bone loss and dietary calcium intake in peri
and early post- menopausal Scottish women: an association dependent on VDR genotype.
J Bone Mineral Res. 12:S202

McParland BE et al. 1989. Dietary salt affects biomarkers of resorption and formation
of bone in elderly women. Br Med J. 299:834-835

Miller DR et al. 2001. Dietary mineral intake and low bone mass in men: the VALOR
study. J Bone Mineral Res. 16:S395

Minne HW et al. 2000. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduces falls in elderly
women via improvement of body sway and normalisation of blood pressure: a
prospective, randomised and double-blind study. Osteoporosis International. 11:S115

New SA. 2002. The role of the skeleton in acid-base homeostasis. Proc Nutr Soc.
61:151-164

New SA. 2001a. Exercise, bone and nutrition. Proc Nutr Soc. 60(2):265-74

New SA et al. 2001. Positive associations between net endogenous non-carbonic acid
production (NEAP) and bone health: further support for the importance of the skeleton to
acid-base balance. Bone. 28:S94

New SA et al. 2000. Dietary influences on bone mass and bone metabolism: further
evidence of a positive link between fruit and vegetable consumption and bone health?
Am J Clin Nutr. 71:142-151

New SA et al. 1997. Nutritional influences on bone mineral density: a cross-sectional
study in premenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 65:1831-1839

Okano T. 1996. [Effects of essential trace elements on bone turnover--in relation to the
osteoporosis] [article in Japanese]. Nippon Rinsho. 54(1):148-54.

Papadimitropoulos E et al. 2002. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal
osteoporosis. VIII: Meta-analysis of the efficacy of vitamin D treatment in preventing
osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Endocr Rev. 23(4):560-9

Potter SM et al. 1998. Soy protein and isoflavones: their effect on blood lipids and bone
density in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 68:1375S-1379S

Sebastian A et al. 1994. Improved mineral balance and skeletal metabolism in
postmenopausal women treated with potassium bicarbonate. New England Journal of
Medicine. 330(25):1776-1881
Somekawa Y et al. 2001. Soy intake related to menopausal symptoms, serum lipids, and
bone mineral density in postmenopausal Japanese women. Obstet Gynecol. 97(1):109-
15.

Stendig- Lindberg G et al. 1993. Trabecular bone density in a two year controlled trial of
peroral magnesium in osteoporosis. Magnesium Res. 6:155-163

Stone KL et al. 2001. The relationship between diet and bone mineral density in older
men. J Bone Mineral Res. 16:S388

Tucker KL et al. 2000. Diet patterns groups are related to bone mineral density: the
Framingham Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 15:s222

Tucker KL et al. 1999. Potassium and fruit and vegetables are associated with greater
bone mineral density in elderly men and women. Am J Clin Nutr. 69:727-736

van Papendorp DH et al. 1995. Biochemical profile of osteoporotic patients on essential
fatty acid supplementation. Nutr Res. 15:325-334

Wyshak G et al. 1994. Carbonated beverages, dietary calcium, the dietary
calcium/phosphorus ratio, and bone fractures in girls and boys. J Ado lescent Health.
15:210-215
Zarkadas M et al. 1989. Sodium chloride supplementation and urinary calcium excretion
in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 50:1088-1094

Bodywork Therapies
Bellometti S et al Serum levels of a prostaglandin and a leukotriene after thermal mud
pack therapy. J. Investigative Medicine 46 (4):S140–S145

Bellometti S et al 2002 Bone remodelling in osteoarthrosic subjects undergoing a
physical exercise program Clinica Chimica Acta 325(1-2 ):97-104
Bennel K et al 2000 The role of physiotherapy in the prevention and treatment of
osteoporosis Manual Therapy 5(4):198-213

Robinson R et al 1998 Effect of a low- impact exercise program on bone mineral density
in Crohn's disease Gastroenterology 115 (1):36-41

Stevens J et al 2000 Reducing falls and resulting hip fractures among older women Home
Care Provider 5(4):134-141

Taggart H 2002 Effects of Tai Chi exercise on balance, functional mobility, and fear of
falling among older women Applied Nursing Research 15(4):235-242

Wong A et al 2001 Coordination exercise and postural stability in elderly people: Effect
of Tai Chi Chuan Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 82(5):608-612
Hormonal System
Diabetes Mellitus
Nutritional Therapy
     Anderson RA. 2000. Chromium in the prevention and control of diabetes.
     Diabetes Metab. 26(1):22-27
     Anderson RA et al. 1996. Beneficial effects of chromium for people with
     Type II Diabetes. Diabetes. 45(Suppl. 2):124A/454
     Ceriello A et al. 1991. Vitamin E reduction of protein glycosylation in
     diabetes. Diabetes Care. 14:68-72
     Cleary JP. 1990. Vitamin B3 in the treatment of diabetes mellitus: case
     reports and review of literature. J Nutr Med. 1:217-225

     Cunningham JJ et al. 1991. Reduced momnuclear leukocyte ascorbic acid
     content in adults with insulin-dependednt-diabetes- mellitus consuming
     adequate vitamin C. Metabol. 40:146-149
     Davie SJ et al. 1992. Effect of vitamin C on glycosylation of proteins.
     Duabetes. 41:167-173
     Davis RE et al. 1976. Serum pyridoxal and folate concentrations in
     diabetics. Pathol. 8:151-156
     DeFronzo R et al. 1991. Insulin resistance - a multifaceted syndrome
     responsible for NIDDM, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and
     atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Diabetes Care. 4(3):173-194

     Duntas L et al. 1996. Administration of d-alpha-tocopherol in patients with
     insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Curr Ther Res. 57:682-690
     Eriksson J et al. 1995. Magnesium and ascorbic acid supplementation in
     diabetes mellitus. Ann Nutr Metabol. 39:217-223
     Evans GW. 1989. The effect of chromium picolinate on insulin controlled
     parameters in humans. Int J Biosocial Medical Research. 11:163-180
     Feskens EJM et al. 1991. Inverse association between fish intake and risk of
     glucose intolerance in normoglycemic elderly men and women. Diabetes
     Care. 14:935-941

     Goldstein DJ. 1992. Beneficial health effects of modest weight loss. Int J
     Obes Relat Metab Disord. 16(6):397-415
     Haffner SM. 1995. Risk factors for non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
     J Hypertension Suppl. 13(Supplement):S73-S76
Isida K et al. 1996. Obesity is necessary but not sufficient for the
development of diabetes mellitus. Metabolism. 45:1288-1295

Karter AJ et al. 1996. Insulin sensitivity and abdominal obesity in African-
American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white men and women. Diabetes.
45:1547-1555
Paolisso G et al. 1995. Metabolic benefits deriving from chronic vitamin C
supplementation in aged non- insulin dependent diabetics. J Am Coll Nutr.
14:387-392

Paolisso G et al. 1993a. Daily vitamin E supplements improve metabolic
control but not insulin secretion in elderly type II diabetic patients. Diabetes
Care. 16(11):1433-1437
Paolisso G et al. 1993b. Pharmacologic doses of vitamin E improve insulin
action in healthy subjects and non- insulin-dependent diabetic patients.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 57(5):650-656
Paolisso G et al. 1990. Magnesium and glucose homeostasis. Diabetologia.
33:511-514
Paolisso G et al. 1989. Improved insulin response and action by chronic
magnesium administration in aged NIDDM subjects. Diabetes Care.
12(4):265-269

Passariello N et al. 1983. Effects of pyridoxine alpha-ketoglutarate on blood
glucose and lactate in type I and type II diabetics. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther
Toxicol. 21:252-256
Pi-Sunyer FX. 1996. Weight and non- insulin-dependent diabets mellitus.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 63(Supplement):426S-429S
Popp-Snijders C et al. 1985. Dietary supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids
improves insulin sensitivity in non- insulin dependent diabetes. Neth J Med.
28:531-532.

Popp-Snijders C et al. 1987. Dietary supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids
improves insulin sensitivity in non- insulin dependent diabetes. Diabetes
Research. 4:141-147
Reaven G. 1998. Role of insulin resistance in human disease. Diabetes.
37:1595-160
Sinclair AJ et al. 1996. Low plasma ascorbate levels in patients with type 2
diabetes mellitus consuming adequate dietary vitamin C. Diabet Med.
11(9):893-898
Sjorgren A et al. 1988. Oral administration of magnesium hydroxide to
subjects with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Magnesium. 121:16-20
      Solomon LR et al. 1989. Erythrocyte O2 transport and metabolism and
      effects of B6 therapy in type II diabetes mellitus. Diabtes. 38:881-886

      Wilson R G et al. 1977. Serum pyridoxal concentrations in children with
      diabetes mellitus. Pathol. 9:95-99

Bodywork Therapies

Delemater A Cox D 1994 Psychological stress, coping and diabetes. Spectrum
7:17-49

Field T Hernandez-Reif M et al 2000 Glucose levels decreased after giving
massage therapy to children with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Spectrum 10:23-25
Nelson W 1989 Diabetes mellitus : two case reports Chiropractic Technique
1(2):37-40
Ruderman N et al 1979 The efect of physical trasining on glucose tolerance and
plasma lipids in maturity-onset diabetes. Diabetes 28(suppl):89-92
Saltrin B et al 1979 Physical training and glucose tolerance in middle-aged men
with chemical diabetes.Diabetes 28(suppl):30-32
Tomakowsky J et al 1991 Daily stress, emotions and blood glucose levels in
diabetic adolescents. Paper presented at 12 th Annual Meeting of Society of
Behavioural Medicine. Washington DC


Thyroid Proble ms
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487
Bodywork Therapies
Antoniv V 2002 Effect of neck massage therapy on the soft tissues after thyroid
surgery Likars'Ka Sprava / Ministerstvo Okhorony Zdorov'Ia Ukrainy 2:93-96

Poberskaia V Kradinova E 1991 The action of sanatorium- health resort treatment on
autonomic endocrine regulation in children with functional changes in cardiac activity
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoi Fizicheskoi Kultury 5:17-19 (Russian)

Tachi J et al Massage therapy on neck: a contributing factor for destructive
thyrotoxicosis? Thyroidology / A.P.R.I.M 2(1):25-27


Women's Health
Premenstrual Syndrome
Nutritional Therapy
Abraham GE et al. 1981. Serum and red cell magnesium levels in patients with
premenstrual tension. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 34:1264-1266.

Abraham GE. 1982. Magnesium deficiency in premenstrual tension. Magnesium
Bulletin. 1:68-73.

Alvir JM et al. 1991. Premenstrual and menstrual symptom clusters and response to
calcium treatment. Psychopharmacol Bull. 27(2):145-148.

Chuong CJ et al. 1994. Zinc and copper levels in premenstrual syndrome. Fertil Steril.
62(2):313-320.

Facchinetti F et al. 1991. Oral magnesium successfully relieves premenstrual mood
changes. Obstet Gynecol. 78:177-181

Goei GS et al. 1982. Dietary patterns of patients with premenstrual tension. J Applied
Nutrition. 34(1):4-11.

Head KA. 1997. Premenstrual syndrome: nutritional and alternative approaches.
Alternative Medicine Review. 2(1):12-25.

Rossignol AM et al. 1991. Prevalence and severity of the premenstrual syndrome.
Effects of foods and beverages that are sweet or high in sugar content. J Reprod Med.
36:131-136.

Rossignol AM. 1985. Caffeine-containing beverages and premenstrual syndrome in
young women. Am J Public Health. 75:1337

Sherwood RA et al. 1986. Magnesium and the premenstrual syndrome. Ann Clin
Biochem. 23:667-670

Stewart A. 1987 Clinical and biochemical effects of nutritional supplementation on the
premenstrual syndrome. J Reprod Med. 32:435-441.

Thys-Jacobs S et al. 1989. Calcium supplementation in premenstrual syndrome: a
randomized crossover trial. J Gen Intern Med. 4(3):183-189.

Thys-Jacobs S. 1998 Calcium carbonate and the premenstrual syndrome: effects on
premenstrual and menstrual symptoms. Premenstrual Syndrome Study Group. American
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 179(2):444-52, 1998.

Thys-Jacobs S et al. 2000. Micronutrients and the premenstrual syndrome: the case for
calcium. J Am Coll Nutr. 19(2):220-7.
Ward MW et al. 1999. Calcium treatment for premenstrual syndrome. Ann
Pharmacother. 33(12):1356-1358.

Walker AF et al. 1998. Magnesium supplementation alleviates premenstrual symptoms
of fluid retention. J Womens Health. 7(9):1157-1165.

Williams MJ et al. 1985. Controlled trial of pyridoxine in the premenstrual syndrome.
Journal of International Medical Research. 13(3):174-179.
Wyatt KM et al. 1999. Efficacy of vitamin B-6 in the treatment of premenstrual
syndrome: systematic review. British Medical Journal. 318:1375-1381.


Acupuncture

HabekD, Habek J-C, Barbir A: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics Nov 2002:

267(1) 23-6


Bodywork Therapies

Beal M1999Acupuncture and acupressure. Applications to women's reproductive health
care. J Nurse Midwifery. 44(3):217-30

Hubbs E 1986 Vertebral Subluxation and Premenstrual Tension Syndrome: A Case Study
Research Forum Summer:100–102

Hernandez-Reif M et al 2000 Premenstrual symptoms are relieved by massage therapy.
J of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology 21:9-15.

Oleson T Flocco W randomised controlled study of pre- menstrual symptoms treated with
ear, hand and foot reflexology. Obstetrics & Gynaecology 82(6):906-911

Steege J Blumenthal J 1993 The effects of aerobic exercise on pre-menstrual symptoms
in middle-aged women: A preliminary study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research
37(2)127-133

Stevinson C Ernst E 2001 Complementary/alternative therap ies for premenstrual
syndrome: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials American Journal of
Obstetrics & Gynecology;185:227-35

Walsh M Polus B 1994 A randomised placebo controlled clinical trial on the efficacy of
chiropractic therapy on pre- menstrual syndrome. Proceedings of International Conference
on Spinal manipulation, Vancouver BC, Canada. July 16-19 1994 (pp 92-95)

Menstrual Pain
Acupuncture

Taylor-D, Miaskowski-C, Kohn-J: Journal of Alternative and Complementary

medicine 2002 Jun: 8(3): 357-70 (25 ref)

Nutritional Therapy

Butler EB et al. 1955. Vitamin E in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea. The
Lancet. 1:844-847.

Deutch B. 1995. Menstrual pain in Danish women correlated with low omega-3
polyunsaturated fatty acid intake. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 49(7):508-
516, 1995.

Deutch B et al. 2000. Menstrual discomfort in Danish women reduced by dietary
supplements of omega-3 PUFA and B12 (fish oil or seal oil capsules). Nutr Res. 20:621-
631.

Harel Z et al. 1996. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the
management of dysmenorrhea in adolescents. American Journal of Obstetrics and
Gynecology. 174(4):1335-1338.

Hudgins AP, et al. Am Practice Digest Treat 1952;3:892-893
Ziaei S et al. 2001. A randomised placebo-controlled trial to determine the effect
of vitamin E in treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea. BJOG. 108:1181-1183

Bodywork Therapies
Boesler D et al 1993 Efficacy of high velocity, low amplitude manipulative technique in
subjects with low back pain during menstrual cramping. Journal American Osteopathic
Association 93:203-214

Hernandez-Reif M et al 2000 Premenstrual syndrome symptoms are relieved by massage
therapy. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynaecology 21(1):9-15

Hondras M et al 1999 The effect of spinal manipulation on pain and prostaglandin levels
in women with primary dysmenorrhoea: A randomized, full-scale, clinical trial. Pain
81:105-114

Polus B et al 1996 Dysmenorrhoea - to treat or not to treat? Chiropractic Journal of
Australia 1996 26(1):21-24
Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition pp 941-956). Williams & Wilkins
Baltimore
Thomason P et al 1979 Effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy in treatment of
promary dysmenorrhoea. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2:140

Tung A et al 1978 Rectus abdominis nerve entrapment syndrome Journal American
Medical Association 240(8):738-739

Heavy Periods
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486

MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Nutritional Therapy

 Arvidsson B et al. 1981. Iron prophylaxis in menorrhagia. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand.
60:157-160.

Cohen JD et al. 1960. Functional menorrhagia: Treatment with bioflavonoids and
vitamin C. Curr Ther Res. 2:539.

Lithgow DM et al. 1977. Vitamin A in the treatment of menorrhagia. S Afr Med J.
51:191-193

Endometriosis
Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486


MacPherson H : Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M : BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Nutritional Therapy

Covens AL et al. 1988. The effect of dietary supplementation with fish oil fatty acids on
surgically induced endometriosis in the rabbit. Fertil Steril. 49(4):698-703.

Damewood MD. 1993. Pathophysiology and Management of Endometriosis Journal of
Family Practice. 37(1):68-75

Gazvani MR et al. 2001. High omega-3:omega-6 fatty acids in culture medium reduce
endometrial gland and stromal cell cultures from women with and without endometriosis.
Fertil Steril. 76:717-722
Yano, Y. 1992. Effect of dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid on
surgically induced endometriosis in the rabbit. Nippon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai
Zasshi. 44(3):282-288.

Bodywork Therapies


Jarrell J 2003 Myofascial disorders and visceral disease of the pelvis. Presentation :
Focus on Pain 2003 Conference. Orlando, Florida March 6-9.
Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger
point Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Acupuncture

Stener-Victorin- E, Waldenstrom- U, Tagnfors-U, Lundeberg-T, Lindstedt-G,

Janson-PO: Acta-Obstetricia-et-Gynecologica-Scandinavica 2000: 79(3) 180-188.

Nutritional Therapy
Dunaif A. 1997. Insulin resistance and the polycystic ovary syndrome: mechanism
and implications for pathogenesis. Endocr Rev. 18:774-800
Legro RS et al. 1999. Prevalence and predictors of risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus
and impaired glucose tolerance in polycystic ovary syndrome: a prospective
controlled study in 254 affected women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 84:165-169

Norman RJ et al. 1995. Metabolic approaches to the subclassification of
polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 63:329-335

Rebuffe-Scrive M et al. 1989. Anthropometric variables and metabolism in polycystic
ovarian disease. Horm Metab Res. 21:391-397

Menopausal Problems
Acupuncture

Wyon-Y et al : Acupuncture Against Climacteric Disorders

Lakartidningen 1994; 91:2318-2322

Nutritional Therapy
Albertazzi P et al. 1998. The effect of dietary soy supplementation on hot flushes.
Obstet Gynecol. 91:6-11.
Christy CJ. 1945. Vitamin E in menopause: Preliminary report of experimental and
clinical study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 50:84

Clarkson, T.B. et al. 1995. Estrogenic soybean isoflavones and chronic disease - risk
and benefits. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism. 6: 11-16

Finkler RS. 1949. The effect of vitamin E in the menopause. J Clin Endocrinol Metab.
9:89-94

Gozan HA. 1952. The use of vitamin E in the treatment of the menopause. NY State J
Med. 52:1289

Mackey R & Eden J. 1998. Phytoestrogens and the menopause. Climacteric. 1:302-8

Murkies, A. L., et al. 1995. Dietary flour supplementation decreases post- menopausal
hot flushes: effect of soy and wheat. Maturitas. 21(3):189-195.

Nagata C et al. 1999. Hot flushes and other menopausal symptoms in relation to soy
product intake in Japanese women. Climacteric. 2(1):6-12

Nagata C et al. 2001. Soy product intake and hot flashes in Japanese women: results
from a community-based prospective study. Am J Epidemiol. 153(8):790-3

Perloff WH. 1949. Treatment of the menopause. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 58:684-694

Rubenstein BB. 1948. Vitamin E reduces the vasomotor symptoms of menopause.
Fed Proc. 7:106

Bodywork Therapies

Field T 2000 Touch Therapy Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh

Heinonen A 2001 Physical activity in premenopausal women In : Khan K et al (eds)
Physical activity and bone health. Human Kinetics, Leeds (pp129-142

Herman S, Blumenthal J, Babyak M et al Exercise Therapy for Depression in Middle-
Aged and Older Adults 2002 Health Psychology 21(6):553-56

Korkia P 2002 Osteoporosis: process, prevention and treatment. Journal of Bodywork
and Movement Therapies 6(3):156-169

Robinson, RJ. et al 1998 Effect of a low- impact exercise program on bone mineral
density in Crohn's disease 1998, Gastroenterology 115 (1) 36-41
Tweeddale P, Rowbottom I 1993 Breathing retraining: Effect on anxiety and depression
scores in behavioural breathlessness Journal of Psychosomatic Research 38(1):11-21
Weber M et al 1996 Cervicothoracic subluxation and hot flashes in a perimenopausal
subject – a time-series case report. Journal of Vertebral subluxation Research 1(2):33-38

Williamson J et al 2002 Randomised controlled trial of reflexology for menopausal
symptoms British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 109(9)1050-1055

Vaginal Thrush
Nutritional Therapy
Hilton E et al. 1992. Ingestion of yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus as
prophylaxis for candidal vaginitis. Annals of Internal Medicine. 116(5):353-357.

Infe rtility in Women
Nutritional Therapy

Czeizel AE et al. 1996. The effect of preconceptional multivitamin
supplementation on fertility. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 66:55-58

Hatch EE & Bracken MB. 1993. Association of delayed conception with caffeine
consumption. Am J Epidemiol. 138:1082-1092

Wilcox A et al. 1988. Caffeinated beverages and decreased fertility. Lancet. 2(8626-
8627):1453-6.

Sexual Problems in Women
Nutritional Therapy
Ito T. et al. 2001. A double-blind placebo-controlled study of ArginMax, a
nutritional supplement for enhancement of female sexual function. J Sex Marital
Ther. 27(5):541-549.

Bodywork Therapies
Browning J 2001 Pelvic pain and pelvic organic dysfunction In: Masarsky C & Todres-
Masarsky M (eds) Somatovisceral aspects of chiropractic – An evidence based approach.
Churchill Livingstone Edinburgh (pp109-135)

Hawk C et al 1997 Chiropractic care for women with chronic pelvic pain : a prospective
single group intervention study. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
14:472-477

Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction : The Trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore

Weiss J 2001 Pelvic floor myofascial trigger points : manual therapy for interstitial
cystitis and the urgency-frequency syndrome. The Journal of Urology 166:2226-2231
Pregnancy & Childbirth
Morning Sickness

Nutritional Therapy


Iatrakis GM et al. 1988. vomiting and nausea in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Psychotherapy and psychosomatics. 49:22-24


Merkel RL. 1952. The use of menadione bisulfite and ascorbic acid in the treatment of
nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 64:416-418.

MIDRIS. New insights into nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Midwifery Digest
December 2000 10:4

Sahakian V et al. 1991. Vitamin B6 is effective therapy for nausea and vomiting of
pregnancy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 78:33-
36

Vutyavanich T et al. 1995. Pyridoxine for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: a

randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 173(3

Pt 1):881-4


Acupuncture


White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Bodywork Therapies

Good M 1957 Senile vertigo caused by curable cervical myopathy Journal of
American Geriatric Society 5:662-667
Jewell MD, Young G. 2001 Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early
pregnancy. In: The Cochrane Library Issue 3, Oxford:
Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger
point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore
pp941-970


Labour

Acupuncture

Ramnero-A, Hanson-U, Kihlgren-M: An International Journal of Obstetrics and

Gynaecology: 2002 J: 109(6): 637-44


Smith-CA, Crowther-CA: The Cochrane Library (Oxford) 2000




Bodywork Therapies
Eckert K et al 2001 Immersion in water in the first stage of labor: a randomized
controlled trial. Birth28:84-93.

Field T 1997 Labor pain is reduced by massage therapy. J Psychosomatic Obstetrics
&Gynecology 18:286-9

Gitlin R et al 1992 Uterine contractions following osteopathic cranial manipulation – A
pilot study. Journal American Osteopathic Association 92:1183

Hitchcock M 1991 The Obstetric Patient. In: (DiGiovanna E & Schiowitz S EDS) An
Osteopathic Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment. JB Lippincott Philadelphia (pp459-
464)

Simkin P et al 2002 Nonpharmacologic relief of pain during labor: Systematic reviews of
five methods American J Obstetrics & Gynecology186:S131-59

Postnatal Depression
Nutritional Therapy
Abou-Saleh MT et al. 1999. The role of pterins and related factors in the biology of
early postpartum depression. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 9(4):295-300

Hibbeln JR. 2002. Seafood consumption, the DHA content of mothers' milk and
prevalence rates of postpartum depression: a cross-national, ecological analysis. J Affect
Disord. 69(1-3):15-29

Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486
MacPherson H: Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter J: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487



Breast-feeding Problems
Bodywork Therapies
Clemente C 1985 Gray‟s Anatomy (30 th Edition) Lea & Febiger Philadelphia (pp
518/9, 890/1)

Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the trigger
point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore
pp829-830, 859-860
Travell J Referred pain from skeletal muscle : the epctoral muscle and breast pain
and soreness. New York State J of Medicine 55:331-339 (p332)


Men's Health
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

Male Infertility
Nutritional Therapy
Amit, A. 1996. (In Vitro Fertilization Unit, Serlin Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv, Israel).
Fertility and Sterility. 66:430-434

Dawson EB et al. 1992. Effect of Ascorbic acid supplementation on the sperm quality of
smokers. Fertil Steril. 58(5):1034-1039

Geva, E., et al. 1996. The effect of antioxidant treatment on human spermatozoa and
fertilization rate in an in vitro fertilization program. Fertil Steril. 66:430-434

Kessopoulou E et al. 1995. A double-blind randomized placebo crossover controlled
trial using the antioxidant vitamin E to treat reactive oxygen species associated with male
infertility. Fertil Steril. 64(4):825-831.

Luck M et al. 1995. Ascorbic acid and fertility. Biology of Reproduction.
52:262-266
Marmar JL, et al. 1975. Semen zinc levels in infertile and postvasectomy patients
and patients with prostatitis. Fertil Steril. 26:1057-1063
Mohan H et al. 1997. Inter-Relationship of Zinc Levels in Serum and Semen in
Oligospermic Infertile Patients and Fertile Males. Indian J Pathol Microbiol.
40(4):451-455.

Netter A et al. 1981. Effect of zinc adminisration on plasma testosterone,
dehydrotestosterone and sperm count. Archives of Andrology. 7(1):69-73.
Scott R et al. 1998. The effect of oral selenium supplementation on human sperm
motility. Br J Urol. 82(1):76-8

Therond P et al. Alpha-Tocopherol in Human Spermatozoa and Seminal Plasma:
Relationships With Motility, Antioxidant Enzymes and Leukocytes. 1996. Mol
Hum Reprod. 2(10):739-744

Bodywork Therapies
Hana J Stegena K, et al 1999 Influence of breathing therapy on complaints, anxiety and
breathing pattern in patients with hyperventilation syndrome and anxiety disorders
Journal of Psychosomatic Research 41(5):481-493

Tweeddale P, Rowbottom I 1993 Breathing retraining: Effect on anxiety and depression
scores in behavioural breathlessness Journal of Psychosomatic Research 38(1):11-21

Erectile Dysfunction
Nutritional Therapy

Adachi S et al. 2000. Enteral vitamin B12 supplements reverse postgastrectomy
B12 deficiency. Ann Surg. 232:199-201

Chen J et al. 1999. Effect of oral administration of high-dose nitric oxide donor L-
arginine in men with organic erectile dysfunction: results of a double blind,
randomized, placebo-controlled study. British Journal of Urology. 83:269-273
Ito T et al. 1998. The effects of ArginiMax, a natural dietary supplement for
enhancement of male sexual function. Hawaii Med Journal. 57(12):741-744.
Monograph (no author listed). 1998. Methylcobalamin. Altern Med Rev.
3(6):461-3.


Zorgniotti A et al. 1994. Effect of large doses of the nitric oxide precursor, L-arginine,
on erectile dysfunction. Int J Impotence Res. 6(1):33-36

Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323-485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Bodywork Therapies
Browning J 1995 Distractive manipulative protocols in treating the mechanically
induced pelvic pain and organic dysfunction patient Chiropractic Technique 7:1-11
Browning J 1996 The mechanically induced pelvic pain and organic d ysfunction
syndrome, an often overlooked cause of bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction. Journal
of the Neuromusculoskeletal System 4:52-66

Hana J Stegena K, et al 1999 Influence of breathing therapy on complaints, anxiety and
breathing pattern in patients with hyperventilation syndrome and anxiety disorders
Journal of Psychosomatic Research 41(5):481-493

Nixon P 1992, quoted in Timmons B Ley R (eds) 1994 Behavioral and psychological
approaches to breathing disorders. Plenum Press New York (page 273)

Tweeddale P, Rowbottom I 1993 Breathing retraining: Effect on anxiety and depression
scores in behavioural breathlessness Journal of Psychosomatic Research 38(1):11-21


Children's Health
Nappy Rash
Nutritional Therapy
Reid G et al. 1995. Influence of lactobacilli on the adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus
and Candida albicans to fibers and epithelial cells. J Ind Microbiol. 15:248-253

Oral Thrush


Teething

Head Lice


Croup
Nutritional Therapy
Anderson TW et al. 1972. Vitamin C and the common cold: a double-blind trial.
Can Med Assoc J. 107: 503-508
Hemila H. 1994. Does vitamin C alleviate the symptoms of the common cold? - a
review of current evidence. Scand J Infect Dis. 26(1):1-6
Van Straten M & Josling P. 2002. Preventing the common cold with a vitamin C
supplement: a double-blind, placebo-controlled survey. Adv Ther. 19:151-159


Glue Ear
Nutritional Therapy
      Arroyave CM. 2001. Recurrent otitis media with effusion and food allergy
      in pediatric patients (article in spanish). Rev Alerg Mex. 48:141-144.

      Balli R. 1980. Controlled trial on the use of oral acetylcysteine in the
      treatment of glue-ear following drainage. Eur J Respir Dis. 61(Suppl
      111):158.
      Linday LA et al. 2002. Lemon- flavored cod liver oil and a multivitamin
      mineral supplement for the secondary prevention of otitis media in young
      children: pilot research. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 111:642-652

      Nsouli TM et al. 1994. Role of food allergy in serous otitis media. Ann
      Allergy. 73:215-219
      Ovesen T et al. 2000. Effect of N-acetylcysteine on the incidence of
      recurrence of otitis media with effusion and re- insertion of ventilation tubes.
      Acta Otolaryngol. Suppl 543:79-81

      Sanchez A et al. 1973. Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytos is.
      American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 26(11):1180-1184

Bodywork Therapies
Phillips N 1992 Vertebral Subluxation and Otitis Media: A Case Study The Journal
of Chiropractic Research and Clinical Inves 1992; 8(2):38–40

Rosenfeld R 1997 Amusing parents while nature cures otitis media with effusion
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 43(2):189-192

Sawyer C et al 1999 A Feasibility Study of Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation Versus
Sham Spinal Manipulation for Chronic Otitis Media with Effusion in ChildrenJournal of
Manipulative Physiological Therapeutics 22 (5): 292–8

Spigelblatt L et al 1994 The use of alternative medicine by children. Pediatrics 96:811–
814.

Zielhuis, H et al Analysis and presentation of data on the natural course of OME in
children. International J. Epidemiology. 19:1037–1044

Colic
Nutritional Therapy

Jakobsson I, et al. 1983. Cow‟s milk proteins cause infantile colic in breast-fed infants:
a double-blind crossover study. Pediatr. 71(2):268-271.

Lothe L, et al. Cow‟s milk whey protein elicits symptoms of infantile colic in colicky
formula-fed infants: A double-blind crossover study. Pediatr 1989;83(2):262-266
Lothe L, et al. Cow‟s milk as a cause of infantile colic: A double-blind study. Pediatr
1982;70(1):7-10

Lust KD, et al. 1996. Maternal intake of cruciferous vegetables and other foods and
colic symptoms in exclusively breast-fed infants. J Am Diet Assoc. 96:47-48


Taubman B. 1984. Clinical trial of the treatment of colic by modification of parent-
infant interaction. Pediatr. 74:998-1003

Bodywork Therapies
      Fallon J 1994 Assessing the efficacy of chiropractic care in pediatric cases of
      pyloric stenosis. International Chiropractic Association (ed) : Proceedings of
      National Conference of chiropractic and pediatrics (p72). Arlington Va.
      Hyman C 1994 Chiropractic adjustments and infantile colic – a case study.
      International Chiropractic Association (ed) :Proceedings of National
      Conference of chiropractic and pediatrics (p65) Arlington Va.

      Klougart N Nilsson N 1989 Infantile colic treated by chiropractors. A
      prospective study of 316 cases. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological
      Therapeutics 12:281
      Pluhar G 1991 Vertebral subluxation and colic – a case study Journal of
      Chiropractic Research and Clinical Investigation.
      Simons D, Travell J, Simons L 1999 Myofascial pain and dysfunction: the
      trigger point manual, vol 1, upper half of body, 2nd edn. Williams and
      Wilkins, Baltimore pp940-943


Children's Fevers
Nutritional Therapy
Anderson R. 1984. The immunostimulatory, anti- inflammatory and antiallergic
properties of ascorbate. Adv Nutr Res. 6:19-45

Banic S. 1982. Immunostimulation by vitamin C. Int J Vitam Nutr Res Suppl.
23:49-52
Tanzer F & Ozlap I. 1993. Leucocyte ascorbic acid concentration and plasma ascorbic
levels in children with various infections. Mater Med Pol. 25(1):5-8

Bodywork Therapies

Allen J 1993 The Effects of Chiropractic on the Immune System: A Review of the
Literature. Chiropractic J Australia 23 (4):132–135
Brennan P, Triano J et al 1991 Enhanced neutrophil respiratory burst as a biological
marker for manipulation forces: duration of the effect and association with
substance P and tumor necrosis factor. J Manipulative & Physiological
Therapeutics; 14 (7) : 399–408

Ironson, G., Field, T. 1996 massage Therapy is associated with enhancement of the
immune system‟s cytotoxic capacity. International Journal of Neuroscience , 84:
205-217
Lovas J Craig A Raison E et al 2002 The effects of massage on human immune
response in healthy adults. (Pilot study) Journal of Bodywork and Movement
Therapies 6(3):143-150

Measel J 1986 The effect of the lymphatic pump on B and T cells in peripheral
blood Journal American Osteopathic Association 86:p608

Paul R Stomel R et al 1986 Interferon levels in human subjects throughout 24 hour
period following lymphatic pump manipulation Journal American Osteopathic
Association 86:92-95

Tonsillitis and Enlarged Adenoids
Bodywork Therapies
Korr I M 1970 The physiological basis of osteopathic medicine. Postgraduate Institute of
Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery, New York

Korr I M 1976 Spinal cord as organiser of disease process. Academy of Applied
Osteopathy Yearbook Newark, Ohio

Krahl P 1973 Physiotherapy and otolaryngology. HNO 21(9):277-283 (in German)

Lewit K Abrahamovic M 1975 Chronic tonsillitis and the upper cervical spine Sbornik
Lekarsky 77(1)30-32 (in Czech)

Mumps
Nutritional Therapy
Sanchez A et al. 1973. Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytosis.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 26(11):1180-1184.

Measles
Nutritional Therapy
Arrieta AC et al. 1992. Vitamin A levels in children with measles in Long Beach,
California. J Pediatr. 121(1):75-78
D‟Souza RM et al. 2002. Vitamin A for treating measles in children. Cochrane
Database Syst Rev. 1:CD001479
Joffe MI et al. 1983. Lymphocyte subsets in measles. Depressed helper/inducer
subpopulation reversed by invitro treatment with levamisole and ascorbic acid. J
Clin Invest. 72:971-980
Ross DA. 2002. Recommendations for vitamin A supplementation. J Nutr.
132(Suppl):2902S-2906S
Sanchez A et al. 1973. Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytosis.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 26(11):1180-1184.


Sarker SA et al. 1985. Prolonged depression of serum zinc concentrations in children
following post- measles diarrhoea. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr. 39:411-417


Rubella
Nutritional Therapy
Ganguly R et al. 1977. Effect of orange juice on attenuated rubella virus infection.
Indian Journal of Medical Research. 66(3):359-363


Whooping Cough
Nutritional Therapy
Sanchez A et al. 1973. Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytosis.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 26(11):1180-1184.

Bodywork Therapies
Theilade D 1979 Nasal continuous positive airway pressure in the treatment of whooping
cough Anaesthesia 34(10):1028-1031


Chickenpox
Nutritional Therapy
Arroyave G & Calcano M. 1979. Decrease in serum levels of retinol and its
binding protein (RBP) in infection [article in Spanish] Arch Latinoam Nutr.
29(2):233-60
Campos FA et al. 1987. Effect of an infection on vitamin A status of children as
measured by the relative dose response (RDR). Am J Clin Nutr. 46(1):91-4.
Ozzoylu S et al. 1994. Vitamin A for varicella. J Pediatr. 125:1017-1018


Bodywork Therapies
Ironson, G., Field, T. 1996 International Journal of Neuroscience , 84: 205-217
Lovas J Craig A Raison E et al The effects of massage on human immune response
in healthy adults. (Pilot study) Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
6(3):143-150
Measel J 1982 The effect of the lymphatic pump on B and T cells in peripheral
blood Journal American Osteoapthic Association 86:608
Paul R Stomel R et al Interferon levels in human subjects throughout 24 hour
period following lymphatic pump manipulation Journal American Osteopathic
Association 86:92-95

ADHD
Nutritional Therapy
Bekaroglu M et al. 1996. Relationships between serum free fatty acids and zinc, and
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry.
37(2):225-227.
Boris M et al. 1994. Foods and additives are common causes of the attention
deficit hyperactive disorder in children. Ann Allergy. 72(5):462-468.
Brenner A. 1982. The effects of megadoses of selected B complex vitamins on
children with hyperkinesis: controlled studies with long term followup. J Learning
Disabil. 15:258-264.

Burgess JR et al. 2000. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
71(1):327-330.
Gaby AR. 1998. The role of hidden food allergy/intolerance in chronic disease.
Alternative Medicine Review. 3(2):90-100.
Kaplan BJ et al. 1989. Dietary replacement in preschool-aged hyperactive boys.
Pediatrics. 83:7-17.
Kozielec T et al. 1997. Assessment of magnesium levels in children with attention
deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Magnesium Research. 10(2):143-148.


Mitchell EA, et al. 1987. Clinical characteristics and serum essential fatty acid levels in
hyperactive children. Clin Pediatr. 26:406-411

Stevens LJ et al. 1995. Essential fatty acid metabolism in boys with attention-deficit
hyperactivity disorder. Am J Clin Nutr. 62:761-768
Starobrat-Hermelin B et al. 1997. The effects of magnesium physiological
supplementation on hyperactivity in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD). Positive response to magnesium oral loading test. Magnes Res. 10:149-156
Bodywork Therapies
Field T et al 1998 ADHD benefit from massage therapy. Adolescence 33:103-108

Field T 2000 ADHD benefits from Tai chi. Touch Therapy. Churchill Livingstone pp103-
106

Giesen J et al 1989 An evaluation of chiropractic manipulation as a treatment of
hyperactivity in children. J Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics 12(5): 353-63

Jensen P . 2003 Impact of yoga on the behaviour of boys with Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Web report : School of Behavioural and Community
Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney.

Peet J 1997 Adjusting the hyperactive ADD pediatric patient. Chiropractic Pediatrics 2:
January

Upledger J 1978 The relationship of craniosacral examination findings in grade school
children with developmental problems., J American Osteopath Association 77(10):760-
76

Walton E 1975 The effects of chiropractic treatment on students with learning and
behavior impairments due to neurological dysfunction. International Review of
Chiropractic 29(4-5):24-6


Mind & Emotions
  Coping with Stress

Nutritional Therapy
Johnson S et al. 2001. The multifaceted and widespread pathology of magnesium
deficiency. Medical Hypotheses. 56(2):163-170.

Lizko NN et al. 1984. [Events in the development of dysbacteriosis of the
intestines in man under extreme conditions.] Nahrung. 28:599-605.
Porta S et al. 1994. Significant inhibition of the stress response with magnesium
supplementation in fighter pilots. Magnesium- Bulletin. 16,2:54-58.

Acupuncture
White a, Hayhoe S, Hart a, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-497
Bodywork Therapies

Bernardi L et al 2001 Effect of Rosary Prayer and Yoga Mantras on Autonomic
Cardiovascular Rhythms. British Medical Journal 323:1446-1449

Cady S Jones G 1997 Massage Therapy as a workplace intervention for reduction of
streess. Perceptual and motor skills 84:157-158

Cappo B Holmes D 1984 Utility of prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing
physiological and psychological arousal in non-threatening and threatening situations J
Psychosomatic Research 28(4)pp265-273

Field T et al 1996 Alleviating post-traumatic stress in Children following Hurricane
Andrew. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 17:37-50

Field T et al 1998a ADHD benefit from massage therapy. Adolescence 33:103-108

Field T et al 1998b Elderly retired volunteers benefit from giving massage therapy to
infants. Journal of Gerontology 17:229-239

Field T 2000 Touch Therapy Churchill Livingstone Edinburgh

Grossman P et a l 1985 A Controlled study of breathing therapy for treatment of
hyperventilation syndrome J Psychosomatic Research 29(1)pp49-58

Mackareth P Tiran D 2002 Clinical Reflexology Churchill Livingstone Edinbur gh

Hodge M et al 2002 Employee outcomes following work-site acupressure and massage.In
: Rich G (ed) Massage Therapy : The Evidence for Practice (pp 191-202) Mosby
Edinburgh

Phobias

Bodywork Therapies

Buteyko K 1990 Buteyko Method : Experience of application in Medical Practice Patriot,
Moscow

Coryell W 2001 Aberrant respiratory sensitivity to CO(2) as a trait of familial panic
disorder. Biological Psychiatry 49(7)582-587

Lum L 1984 Editorial : Hyperventilation and anxiety state. Journal Royal Society of
Medicine January p1-4

Newton E 2001 Hyperventilation Syndrome
http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic270.htm
Papp L et al 1993 Carbon dioxide hypersensitivity, hyperventilation, and panic disorder.
American J Psychiatry 150(8):1149-57

Pine D 2000 Differential carbon dioxide sensitivity in childhood anxiety disorders and
non- ill comparison group Archives Of General Psychiatry 57(10)960-967

Polienko I 1999 Method for changing the breathing pattern in the combined treatment of
neurotic phobias. Likars'Ka Sprava / Ministerstvo Okhorony Zdorov'Ia Ukrainy 2: 97-99
(in Russian)

Anxiety and Panic Disorder
Nutritional Therapy


Benton D, Cook R. 1991. The impact of selenium supplementation on mood. Biol
Psychiatry. 29:1092-1098
Brice CF, Smith AP. 2002. Effects of caffeine on mood and performance: a study
of realistic consumption. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 164:188-192
Boulenger J-P et al 1984. Increased sensitivity to caffeine in patients with panic
disorders: preliminary evidence. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 41:1067-1071
Carroll D et al. 2000. The effects of an oral multivitamin combination with
calcium, magnesium and zinc on psychological well-being in healthy young male
volunteers: a double blind placebo controlled trial. Psychopharmacology (Berl).
150:220-225
Cryer PE. 1999. Symptoms of hypoglycaemia, thresholds for their occurrence, and
hypoglycaemia unawareness. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 28:495-500.
Hofle KH. 1988. Magnesium in psychotherapy. Magnesium Research. 1:99, 10 th
Hohenheim Magnesium Symposium

Lane JD et al. 2002. Caffeine affects cardiovascular and neuroendocrine activation
at work and home. Psychosom Med. 64:595-603

Seelig MS. 1994. Consequences of magnesium deficiency on the enhancement of

stress reactions; preventative and therapeutic implications (a review). J Am Coll

Nutr. 13:429-446


Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487


Bodywork Therapies

Field T, Seligman M et al 1995 Post-traumatic stress disorder. Touchpoints 2(4):2

Field T 2000 Touch Therapy Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh

Field T, Delage J, Hernandez- Reif M 2003 Movement and massage therapy reduce
fibromyalgia pain Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 7(1):49-52

Herman S, Blumenthal J, Babyak M et al Exercise Therapy for Depression in Middle-
Aged and Older Adults 2002 Health Psychology 21(6):553-563

Hana J Stegena K, et al 1999 Influence of breathing therapy on complaints, anxiety and
breathing pattern in patients with hyperventilation syndrome and anxiety disorders
Journal of Psychosomatic Research 41(5):481-493

Tweeddale P, Rowbottom I 1993 Breathing retraining: Effect on anxiety and depression
scores in behavioural breathlessness Journal of Psychosomatic Research 38(1):11-21

  Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Nutritional Therapy
 Brice CF, Smith AP. 2002. Effects of caffeine on mood and performance: a study
of realistic consumption. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 164:188-192
Boulenger J-P et al 1984. Increased sensitivity to caffeine in patients with panic
disorders: preliminary evidence. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 41:1067-1071
Hofle KH. 1988. Magnesium in psychotherapy. Magnesium Research. 1:99, 10 th
Hohenheim Magnesium Symposium
Lane JD et al. 2002. Caffeine affects cardiovascular and neuroendocrine activation
at work and home. Psychosom Med. 64:595-603
Seelig MS. 1994. Consequences of magnesium deficiency on the enhancement of stress
reactions; preventative and therapeutic implications (a review). J Am Coll Nutr. 13:429-
446

Bodywork Therapies
Fried, Robert. 2000 Breathing as a Clinical Tool. In : The Management of Stress and
Anxiety in Medical Disorders (Barlow and Mostofsky Eds) pp100-18. Allyn & Bacon,
Inc., Needham Heights, MA

Gould, R et al 1997 Cognitive Behavioral and Pharmacological Treatment of Generalized
Anxiety Disorder: A Preliminary Meta-Analysis. Behavior Therapy 28:285-305

Iannos M et al 1997 Personality of the excessive exerciser Personality and Individual
Differences 22(5):775-778

Spano L 2001 The relationship between exercise and anxiety, obsessive-compulsiveness,
and narcissism Personality and Individual Differences
30(1):87-93

Tkachuk, G Martin G 1999 Exercise Therapy for Patients with Psychiatric Disorders:
Research and Clinical Implications. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice
30:275-282

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Nutritional Therapy
Brice CF, Smith AP. 2002. Effects of caffeine on mood and performance: a study
of realistic consumption. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 164:188-192

Carroll D et al. 2000. The effects of an oral multivitamin combination with
calcium, magnesium and zinc on psychological well-being in healthy young male
volunteers: a double blind placebo controlled trial. Psychopharmacology (Berl).
150:220-225

Inoue-Sakurai C et al. 2000. Posttraumatic stress and lifestyles are associated with
natural killer cell activity in victims of the Hanshin-Awaji earthquake in Japan.
Prev Med. 31(5):467-73
Lane JD et al. 2002. Caffeine affects cardiovascular and neuroendocrine activation
at work and home. Psychosom Med. 64:595-603

Seelig MS. 1994. Consequences of magnesium deficiency on the enhancement of stress
reactions; preventative and therapeutic implications (a review). J Am Coll Nutr. 13:429-
446

Bodywork Therapies

Field T et al 1996 Alleviating post-traumatic stress in Children following Hurricane
Andrew. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 17:37-50
Krakow B et al 2000 A retrospective study on improvements in nightmares and
post-traumatic stress disorder following treatment for co- morbid sleep-disordered
breathing. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 49(5):291-298
Melendrez D et al 2000 Sleep-disordered breathing in twenty consecutive crime
victims presenting for nightmare and insomnia treatment: a preliminary report.
Sleep 23(suppl.2):p. A257

Ross R et al 1989 Sleep disturbance as the hallmark of posttraumatic stress
disorder. American J Psychiatry 146(6):697–707

Schi zophrenia
Nutritional Therapy
 Arvindakshan M et al. 2003. Essential polyunsaturated fatty acid and lipid
peroxide levels in never- medicated and medicated schizophrenia patients. Biol
Psychiatry. 53(1):56-64.
Assies J et al. 2001. Significantly reduced docosahexaenoic and docosapentaenoic
acid concentrations in erythrocyte membranes from schizophrenic patients
compared with a carefully matched control group. Biol Psychiatry. 49(6):510-522.


Emsley R et al. 2002. Randomized, placebo-controlled study of ethyl-
eicosapentaenoic acid as supplemental treatment in schizophrenia. Am J
Psychiatry. 159(9):1596-8
Fernandez-Novoa L & Cacabelos R. 2001. Histamine function in brain disorders.
Behav Brain Res. 124:213-233
Lucksch F. 1940. Vitamin C and schizophrenia. Wien Klin Wochenschr.
53:1009.
Mahadik SP et al. 1996. Utilization of precursor essential fatty acids in culture by
skin fibroblasts from schizophrenic patients and normal controls. Prostaglandins
Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 55(1-2):65-70

Peet M et al. 2002. A dose-ranging exploratory study of the effects of ethyl-
eicosapentaenoate in patients with persistent schizophrenic symptoms. J Psychiatr
Res. 36(1):7-18
Puri BK et al. 2000. Eicosapentaenoic acid treatment in schizop hrenia associated
with symptom remission, normalisation of blood fatty acids, reduced neuronal
membrane phospholipid turnover and structural brain changes. Int J Clin Pract.
54:57-63.
Suboticanec, K., et al. 1990. Vitamin C status in chronic schizophre nia.
Biological Psychiatry. 28(11):959-966.
VanderKamp H. 1966. A biochemical abnormality in schizophrenia involving ascorbic
acid. International Journal of Neuropsychiatry. 2:204.

Bodywork Therapies
Adams L How exercise can help people with mental health problems Nursing Times
91(36):37-39

Andres K et al 1993 Empirical study of physically orientated therapy with schizophrenic
patients. Z Klin Psychol Psycopathol Psychother (Germany) 41(2):159-9

Brown S et al 1999 The unhealthy lifestyle of people with schizophrenia. Psychological
Medicine 29:697–701.

Le Fevre P 2001 Improving the physical health of patients with schizophrenia:
therapeutic nihilism or realism? Scottish Medical Journal 46(1):11-13

Martinsen E 2000 Physical activity for mental health. Tidsskrift For Den Norske
Laegeforening 120,(25):3054-3056 (Norwegian)

Maurer Y 1987 The body in psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. Theoretical and
applied studies-a review Schweizer Archiv Fur Neurologie Und Psychiatrie (Zurich,
Switzerland)138(3)49-60

Ryan M & Thakore J 2002 Physical consequences of schizophrenia and its treatment.
Life Sciences 71(3)239-257

Substance Dependency

Seasonal Affective Disorder
Nutritional Therapy
Berman K et al. 1993. Eating attitudes in seasonal affective disorder and bulimia
nervosa. J Affect Disord. 29:219-225

Lansdowne AT et al. 1998. Vitamin D3 enhances mood in helathy subjects during
winter. Psychopharmacology. 135(4):319-323.

Raitiere MN. 1992. Clinical evidence for thyroid dysfunctio n in patients with
seasonal affective disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 17(2-3):231-241.
Sher L et al. 1999. Free thyroxine and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels in
patients with seasonal affective disorder and matched controls. J Affect Disord.
56(2-3):195-199.

Wehr TA et al. 1989. Seasonality and affective illness. American Journal of
Psychiatry. 146:829-839

Bodywork Therapies
Leppämäki S et al 2002 Randomized trial of the efficacy of bright- light exposure and
aerobic exercise on depressive symptoms and serum lipids The Journal Of Clinical
Psychiatry 63(4):316-321

Levitt A et al 2002 A comparison of open treatment of seasonal major and minor
depression with light therapy Journal Of Affective Disorders 71(1-3):243-248

Oren D et al 2002 An open trial of morning light therapy for treatment of antepartum
depression The American Journal Of Psychiatry 159(4):666-669

Sumaya I 2001 Bright light treatment decreases depression in institutionalized older
adults: a placebo-controlled crossover study. The Journals Of Gerontology. Series A,
Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 56 (6):M356-M360

Coping with Bereavement
Bodywork Therapies
Conway A Freeman L Nixon P 1988 Hypnotic examination of trigger factors in the
hyperventilation syndrome. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 30:296-304
Conway A Blood,breath and tears. Poster presentation. 9 th Annual Symposium on
Respiratory Psychophysiology. London
Timmons B Ley R 1994 Behavioral and psychological approaches to breathing
disorders. Plenum Press, New York

Depression
Nutritional Therapy
Abou-Saleh MT et al. 1986. The biology of folate in depression: implications for
nutritional hypotheses of the psychoses. Journal of Psychiatric Resarch. 20(2):91-101.

Benton DA et al. 1997. Thiamine supplementation mood and cognitive functioning.
Psychopharmacology. 129:66-71

Benton DA, Haller J, Fordy j. 1995. Vitamin supplementation for one year improves
mood. Neuropsychobiology. 32:98-105

Benton D, Cook R. 1991. Selenium supplementation improves mood in a double-blind
crossover trial. Biol Psychiatry. 29: 109298.

Edwards R, Peet M, Shah J et al. 1998. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in the
diet and in red blood cell membranes of depressed patients. Journal of Affective
Disorders. 48:149-155.

Finley JW, Penland JG. 1998. Adequacy or deprivation of dietary selenium in healthy
men: clinical and psychological findings. J Trace Elem Exp Med. 11: 1127.
Harrell RF. 1946. Mental response to added thiamine. J Nutr. 31:283-298

Hibbeln JR & Salem. 1995. Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and depression: when
cholesterol does not satisfy. Am J Clin Nutr. 62:1-9

Hawkes WC, Hornbostel L. Effects of dietary selenium on mood in healthy men living in
a metabolic research unit. Biol Psychiatry 1996; 39: 12128

Hibbeln JR. 1998. Fish consumption and major depression. Lancet. 351:1213

Nemets B, Stahl Z, Belmaker RH. 2002. Addition of omega-3 fatty acid to maintenance
medication treatment for recurrent unipolar depressive disorder. Am J psychiatry.
159:477-479.

Peet M & Horrobin DF. 2002. A dose-ranging study of the effects of ethyl-
eicosapentaenoate in patients with ongoing depression despite apparently adequate
treatment with standard drugs. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002 Oct;59(10):913-9.

Smidt LJ, Cremin FM, Grivetti LE et al. 1991. Influence of thiamine supplementation
on the health and general well-being of an elderly Irish population with marginal
thiamine deficiency. J Gerontol. 46:M16-M22

Transkanen A, Hibbeln JR, Toumilehto J et al. 2001. Fish consumption and depressive
symptoms in the general population in Finland. Psychiatr Serv. 52:529-531.

Bodywork Therapies
Blumenthal, J. et al 1999 Effects of exercise training on older patients with major
depression. Archives of Internal Medicine, 159(19):2349-2356

Field T et al 1996 massage and relaxation therapies effects on depressed adolescent
mothers. Adolecence 31(124):903-911

Field T et al 1997 Massage Therapy effects on depression and somatic symptoms in CFS
Journal of Chronic fatigue Syndrome 3:43-51

Field T 2000 Touch Therapy Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh

Dimeo F 2001 Benefits from aerobic exercise in patients with major depression: a pilot
study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(2)114-117.

Hassmen P 2000 Physical exercise and psychological well-being: A population study in
Finland. Preventive Medicine, 30(1):17-25.

Hodge M et al 2000 Employee outcomes following work-site acupressure and massage
Massage Therapy Journal 39(3):46-64
Martinsen, E. et al 1985 Effects of aerobic exercise on depression: A controlled study.
British Medical Journal 291:109.

Massie M et al 1993 Management of depression and anxiety in cancer patients. In:
Breitbert W Holland J (Eds): Psychiatric aspects of symptom management in cancer
patients. American Psychiatric Press. Washington DC

Toskovic N 2000 Alterations in selected measures of mood with a single bout of dynamic
Taekwondo exercise in college-age students. Perception Motor Skills, 92 (3 pt. 2):1031-
1038.

Tkachuk, G et al 2001Exercise Therapy for Patients With Psychiatric Disorders:
Research and Clinical Implications. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice
30(3):275-282

Williamson, D et al 2001 Mood change through physical exercise in nine-to- ten- year-old
children. Percept Motor Skills 93(1):311-316.

Acupuncture

Luoh et al: Acupuncture for Depression. J. Affect. Disord. 2000: 57: 73-81

Eating Disorders

Nutritional Therapy
Birmingham CL, et al. Controlled trial of zinc supplementation in anorexia nervosa.
Int J Eat Disord 1994;15:251-255

Dalvit-McPhillips S. 1984. A dietary approach to bulimia. Physiol Behav.
33:769-775
Rock CL & Vasanthara jan S. 1995. Vitamin status of eating disorder patients:
relationship to clinical indices and effect of treatment.
Int J Eat Disord. 18(3):257-62
Mira M, et al. 1989. L-tryptophan as an adjunct to treatment of bulimia nervosa.
Lancet. 2:1162-1163

Safi-Kutti S. Oral zinc supplementation in anorexia nervosa. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl
1990;361:14-17

Su JC & Birmingham CL. 2002. Zinc supplementation in the treatment of
anorexia nervosa. Eat Weight Disord. 7(1):20-2.
Bodywork Therapies
Field T et al 1998 Bulimic adolescents benefit from massage therapy Adolescence
33:555-563

Field T 2000 Touch Therapy. Churchill Livingstone Edinburgh (pp155-161)

McComb J, Clopton J 2002 The effects of movement, relaxation, and education on
the stress levels of women with subclinical levels of bulimia Eating Behaviors
4(1): 79-88

Obesity

Nutritional Therapy
Brand-Miller JC et al. 2002. Glycemic index and obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 76(1):281S-
5S.


Drummond S et al. 1996. A Critique of the Effects of Snacking on Body Weight

Status. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.50:779-783



Fabry P et al. 1964. The Frequency of Meals: Its Relation to

Hypercholesterolemia and Decreased Glucose Tolerance. Lancet. 2: 614-615



Sigal R et al. 1997. Acute postchallenge hyperinsulinemia predicts weight gain: a

prospective study. Diabetes. 46:1025-1029


Speechly DP et al. 1999. Acute appetite reduction associated with an increased
frequency of eating in obese males. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 23(11):1151-
1159


Willett W et al. 2002 Dietary fat is not major determinant of body fat. Am J Med 113
Suppl 47-59

Bodywork Therapies


Anderson, R et al 1999 Effects of lifestyle activity vs structured aerobic exercise in
obese women Journal American Medical Association. 281(4):335-40
Foye P et al 2000 Osteoarthritis and Body Weight Nutrition Research 20(6)899-
903

McWhorter J et al 2003 The obese child: Motivation as a tool for exercise Journal
of Pediatric Health Care 17(1):11-17
Ramadan J et al 2001 Low- frequency physical activity insufficient for aerobic
conditioning is associated with lower body fat than sedentary conditions Nutrition
17(3):225-229
Riebe D et al 2003 Evaluation of a Healthy- Lifestyle Approach to Weight
Management. Preventive Medicine 36(1):45-54

Votruba S et al 2000 The role of exercise in the treatment of obesity Nutrition
16(3)179-188




Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1 st September 2001,. 323 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1 st September 2001, 323 486-

487


Sleep Disorders
Nutritional Therapy
Bonnet MH & Arand DL. 1992. Caffeine use as a model of acute and chronic insomnia.
Sleep. 15:526-536.

Holbrook AM et al. 2000. The diagnosis and management of insomnia in clinical
practice: a practical evidence based approach. JAMA. 162:21620

Hollingworth HL et al. 1912. The influence of caffeine on mental and motor efficiency.
Arch Psychol. 20:1-66

Kahn A et al. 1989. Milk intolerance in children with persistent sleeplessness: a
prospective double-blind crossover evaluation. Pediatrics. 84:595-603

Kahn A et al. 1988. Sleep characteristics in milk- intolerant infants. Sleep. 11:291-297

Kahn A et al. 1987. Difficulty in initiating and maintaining sleep associated with cow‟s
milk allergy in infants. Sleep. 10:116-121
Riemann D et al. 2002. The tryptophan depletion test: impact on sleep in primary
insomnia – a pilot study. Psychiatry Res. 109:129-135

Shirlow MJ & Mathers CD. 1985. A study of caffeine consumption and symptoms;
indigestion, palpitations, tremor, headache and insomnia. In J Epidemiol. 14:239- 248
Sourlairac A et al. 1977. Action of 5- hydroxytryptophan, serotonin precursor, on
insomniacs. Annals Medico-Psychologiques. 135:792-798.

Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe s, hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 485-486

MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323

Bodywork Therapies

Hedstrom J 1991 Eye movements and relaxation. Behavioral & Experimental Psychiatry.
22(1):37-38

Hernandez-Reif M et al 1998 Migraine Headaches are reduced by massage therapy.
International Journal of Neuroscience 96:1-11

Sherrill D et al 1998 Association of Physical Activity and Human Sleep Disorders
Archives of Internal Medicine158(17) 1894-1898

Rome P 1996 Case Report: The Effect of a Chiropractic Spinal Adjustment on Toddler
Sleep Pattern and Behaviour Chiropractic Journal of Australia 1996 (1):11-14

Sunshine W et al 1996 Massage therapy and transcutaneous electrical stimulation effects
on fibromyalgia. Journal of Clinical Rheumatology 2:18-22

Tooley G et al 2000Acute increases in night-time plasma melatonin levels following a
period of meditation. Biological Psychology 53(1)69-78

Tsay S Chen M 2003 Acupressure and quality of sleep in patients with end-stage renal
disease - a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies 40(1):1-7


Stammering

Bodywork Therapies
Chapman R 1984 Current issues in the treatment of stammering International
Rehabilitation Medicine 6(3):143-147

Hayhow R et al 2002 Stammering and therapy views of people who stammer. Journal of
Fluency Disorders 27(1)1-16
Pearce D 1994 Breathing and vocal dysfunction. In: Timmons B Ley R (eds)
Behavioural and Psychological Approaches to Breathing Disorders. Plenum Publishing,
New York (pp179-190)

Stewart T 1996 A further application of the Fishbein a nd Ajzen model to therapy for
adult stammerers. European Journal Of Disorders Of Communication: The Journal Of
The College Of Speech And Language Therapists, London 31(4):445-464


Psychological Therapies

Ambrose, N., & Yairi, E. (1999). Normative disfluency data for early childhood
stuttering. Journal of Speech,

Buthcer,P. & CailliL. F (1998): Understanding and treating psychogenic dysphonia from
a cognitive-behavioural perspective. In Wanting to Talk: Counselling Case Studies in
Communication Disorders. Syder,D., Editor. Whurr Publishers Ltd., London;; chapt no.
3, 60-89. 1 86156 067 2.

Butcher, P., Elias, A., & Raven, R.). Psychogenic Voice Disorders and Cognitive
Behaviour Therapy. London

Dunnet, C.P. & Williams, J.E. (1988) Hypnosis in speech therap y. In M. Heap (ed)
Hypnosis: Current Clinical, Experimental and Forensic Practices. London: Croom Helm.
Pp 246-256.

Kirsch, I., Montgomery, G & Sapirstein, G. (1995) Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive
behavioural psychotherapy: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Psychology 63. 214-220.

Language, and Hearing Research, 42, 895-909

Lees, R., Anderson,H. and Martin,P. (1999). The influence of language disorder on
fluency: A pilot study. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 24, 227 - 238.

Shapiro, D.A. (1999). Stuttering intervention: A collaborative journey to fluency
freedom. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.




Allergies and systemic ailments
Food Allergies and Intolerances
Bodywork Therapies
Bryner P et al 1996 Indigestion and heartburn : prevalence in persons seeking care from
chiropractors. Journal of manipulative and Physiological Theapeutics 19:317
Crissinger K et al Pathophysiology of gastrointestinal permeability Jnl Internal Med
228:145-154 1990
Dantsker D 1993The gastrointestinal tract. The canary of the body JAMA 270:1247-
1248
Falk J 1990 Bowel and bladder dysfunction secondary to lumbar dysfunctional
syndrome. Chiropractic Technique 2:45
Frankel B 1997 The effect of reflexology on barrereceptor reflex sensitivity, blood
pressure and sinus arrhythmia. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 5:80-8

Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Alle rgic Rhinitis
Nutritional Therapy
Balabolkin II et al. 1992. Use of vitamins in allergic illnesses in children. Vopr Med
Khim. 38:36-40.

Bucca C et al. 1990. Effect of vitamin C on histamine bronchial responsiveness of
patients with allergic rhinitis. Ann Allergy. 65:311-314.

Buczylko K et al. 1995. Allergy to food in children with pollinosis. Rocz Akad
Med Bialymst. 40(3):568-72

Cathcart RE. 1981. Vitamin C, titrating to bowel tolerance, anascorbemia, and
acute induced scurvy. Medical Hypotheses. 7:1359-1376

Holmes HM et al. 1942. Hay fever and vitamin C. Science. 96:497

Ogle KA & Bullock JD. 1977. Children with allergic rhinitis and/or bronchial asthma
treated with elimination diet. Ann Allergy. 39:8-11
Ruskin SL. 1945. High dose vitamin C in allergy. Am J Dig Dis. 12:281

Speer F. 1975. Multiple food allergy. Ann Allergy. 34:71-76
Thornhill SM et al. 2000. Natural treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis.
Alternative Medicine Review. 5(5):448-454.

Bodywork Therapies
Butler J et al 1975 A descriptive survey of signs and symptoms associated with the
myofascial pain-dysfunction syndrome. Journal American Dental Association
90:635-639
Cappo B Holmes D Utility oif prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing
physiological and psychological arousal. Journal of Psychosomatic Research
1984:28(4):265-273
Ingle J 1976 „The Great Imposter‟ Journal American Medical Association 236:1848

Kontos H Richardson D Raper A et al 1972 Mechanism of action of hypocapnic
alkalosis on limb blood vessels in man and dog American Journal of Physiology
223:1296-1307
Lum L 1994 Hyperventilation Syndromes: Physiological Considerations : In
Timmons B Ley R (eds) Behavioral and Psychological Approaches to breathing
Pattern Disorders Plenum Press New York
Simons J Travell J Simons L 1999 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction :The trigger
point Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 2nd edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
pp109 & 383

Tisp B Burns M Kro D Pursed Lip breathing using ear oximetry. Chest
1986:90:218-221

Travell J Simons D 1983 Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction :The trigger point
Manual (Volume 1 Upper Body, 1st edition). Williams & Wilkins Baltimore
pp263/4
Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Glandular Fever

Sanchez A et al. 1973. Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytosis. American
Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 26(11):1180-1184

Bodywork Therapies

Allen J 1993 The Effects of Chiropractic on the Immune System: A Review of the
Literature. Chiropractic J Australia 23 (4):132–135

Brennan P, Triano J et al 1991 Enhanced neutrophil respiratory burst as a biological
marker for manipulation forces: duration of the effect and association with
substance P and tumor necrosis factor. J Manipulative & Physiological
Therapeutics; 14 (7) : 399–408

Ironson, G., Field, T. 1996 massage Therapy is associated with enhancement of the
immune system‟s cytotoxic capacity. International Journal of Neuroscience , 84:
205-217
Lovas J Craig A Raison E et al 2002 The effects of massage on human immune
response in healthy adults. (Pilot study) Journal of Bodywork and Movement
Therapies 6(3):143-150
Measel J 1986 The effect of the lymphatic pump on B and T cells in peripheral
blood Journal American Osteopathic Association 86:p608
Paul R Stomel R et al 1986 Interferon levels in human subjects throughout 24 hour
period following lymphatic pump manipulation Journal American Osteopathic
Association 86:92-95

Cancer Support

 Nutritional Therapy
 The Alpha-Tocopherol Beta Carotene Cancer Prevention Study Group. 1994. The
effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of lung cancer and other
cancers in male smokers. N Engl J Med. 330:1029-1035
Augustsson K et al. 2003. A prospective study of intake of fish and marine fatty
acids and prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 12(1):64-7
Ballongue J et al. 1997. Effects of lactulose and lactitol on colonic microflora and
enzymatic activity. Scand J Gastroenterol. 222:41s–44s.
Bernardi et al. 2002. Antiproliferative effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin d(3)
and vitamin d analogs on tumor-derived endothelial cells. Endocrinology.
143:2508-14.
Bouhnik Y et al. 1996. Effects of Bifidobacterium sp fermented milk ingested
with or without inulin on colonic bifidobacteria and enzymatic activities in healthy
humans. Eur J Clin Nutr. 50:269–273.
Byers T & Guerrero N. 1995. Epidemiologic evidence for vitamin C and vitamin
E in cancer prevention. Am J Clin Nutr. 62:1385S-1392S

Calza S et al. 2001. Low-risk diet for colorectal cancer in Italy. Eur J Cancer
Prev. 10(6):515-21.

Chan JM et al. 1999 Supplemental vitamin E intake and prostate cancer risk in a
large cohort of men in the United States. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.
8:893-899
Chatenoud L et al. 1998. Whole grain food intake and cancer risk. Int J Cancer.
77:24-28.
Clark LC et al. Effects of selenium supplementation for cancer prevention in
patients with carcinoma of the skin. A randomised controlled trial. Nutritional
Prevention of Cancer Study Group. JAMA. 276:1957-1963
Gann PH et al. 1999. Lower prostate cancer risk in men with elevated plasma
lycopene levels: results of a prospective analysis. Cancer Res. 59:1225-1230

Ganry O. 2002. Phytoestrogen and breast cancer prevention. Eur J Cancer Prev.
11(6):519-22
Garland CF et al. 1999. Calcium and vitamin D. Their potential roles in colon and
breast cancer prevention. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 889:107-19

Giovannucci et al. 1998. Multivitamin use, folate and colon cancer in women in the
Nurses‟ Health Study. Ann Intern Med. 129:517-524

Giovannucci et al. 1995. Alcohol, low methionine low folate diets, and the risk of colon
cancer in men. J Natl Cancer Inst. 87:265-273

Goldin BR and Gorbach SL. 1984. The effect of milk and lactobacillus feeding on
human intestinal bacterial enzyme activity. Am J Clin Nutr. 39:756–761.

Helzlsouer KJ et al. 2000. Association between alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol,
selenium, and subsequent prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 92:2018-2023

Hunter et al, 1992, breast cancer – nutritional factors, Lancet, 340:905

Jacobsen BK et al. 1998. Does high soy milk intake reduce prostate cancer incidence?
The Adventist Health Study. Cancer Causes Control. 9:553-557

Khaw KT et al, for the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
2001. Relation between plasma ascorbic acid and mortality in men and women in EPIC-
Norfolk prospective study: a prospective population study. Lancet. 357:657-663

Lee HP et al. 1991. Dietary effects on breast cancer risk in Singapore. Lancet.
337:1197-1200

Loria CM et al. 2000. Vitamin C status and mortality in US adults. Am J Clin Nutr.
72:139-145

Marteau P et al. 1990. Effect of chronic ingestion of a fermented dairy product
containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum on metabolic activities
of the colonic flora in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 52: 685–688.

Mathiasen et al. 2002. Calcium and calpain as key mediators of apoptosis- like death
induced by vitamin D compounds in breast cancer cells. J Biol Chem.

Moore WE et al. 1995. Intestinal floras of populations that have a high risk of colon
cancer. Appl Environ Microbiol. 61:3202–3207
Peterson G et al. 1993. Genistein and biocranin A inhibit the growth of human prostate
cancer cells but not epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine autophosporylation.
Prostate. 22:335-345

Rayman M. 2000. The importance of selenium to human health. Lancet. 356:233-241.

Severson RK et al. 1989. A prospective study of demographics, diet and prostate cancer
among men of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii. Cancer Res. 49:1857-1860

Shin MH et al. 2002. Intake of dairy products, calcium, and vitamin d and risk of breast
cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 94:1301-10

Spanhaak S. et al. 1998. The effect of consumption of milk fermented by Lactobacillus
casei strain Shirota on the intestinal microflora and immune parameters in humans. Eur J
Clin Nutr. 52:899–907.

Su LJ et al. 2001. Nutritional status of folate and colon cancer risk: evidence from
NHANES I Epidemiologic follow- up study. Ann Epidemiol. 11:65-72

Terry P et al. 2002. Fatty fish consumption lowers the risk of endometrial cancer: a
nationwide case-control study in Sweden. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.
11(1):143

Uzcudun AE et al. 2002. Nutrition and pharyngeal cancer: results from a case-
control study in Spain. Head Neck. 24(9):830-40.

WCRF 1997. World Cancer Research Fund and the America n Institute for Cancer
Research. Food, nutrition and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective.
Washington, DC: American Institute for Cancer Research.
Wu AH et al. 1996. Tofu and risk of breast-cancer in Asian-Americans. Cancer
Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 5:901-906
Zhang et al. 1999. Prospective study of folate intake and the risk of breast cancer.
JAMA. 281:1632-1637
Zhou JR et al. 1999. Soyabean phytochemicals inhibit the growth of transplantable
human prostate carcinoma and tumor angiogenesis in mice. J Nutr. 129:1628-1639

Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487


Bodywork Therapies
Corner C et al 1995 An evaluation of the use of massage and essential oils on the
well-being of cancer patients International Journal of Palliative Nursing 1:67-73
Cullen C et al 2000 Pediatric oncology patients and their parents report reduced
anxiety and improved mood following massage therapy. In: Field T. Touch
Therapy, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh (pp210-215)
Dibble S et al 2000 Acupressure for nausea: results of a pilot study. Oncology
Nursing Forum 27(1):41-7
Hernandez-Reif M et al 2000 Breast cancer patients‟ immune functioning benefits
from massage therapy. In: Field T. Touch Therapy, Churchill Livingstone
Edinburgh (pp205-210)

Hutzschenreuter P et al 1991 Post mastectomy Arm Lymphedema: Treated by
Manual lymph Drainage and Compression Bandage therapy. European Journal of
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 1:6
Johansson, SK: 2002 Lymphoedema and Breast Cancer, A Physiotherapeutic
Approach. Studentlitteratur, Lund University, Lund. ISBN: 91-628-5117-9

King C 1997 Nonpharmacologic management of chemotherapy- induced nausea
and vomiting. Oncology Nursing Forum 24 (suppl. 7):41-48.

Lawvere S 1999 The effect of massage therapy on self- reported anxiety, depressive
mood and pain in ovarian cancer patients : a pilot study. Buffalo, State University
of New York. Presented in : Rich G Massage Therapy : The Evidence for Practice.
Mosby St.Louis 2002 pp 57-83

Segal R 2001 Structured Exercise Improves Physical Functioning in Women With
Stages I and II Breast Cancer: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of
Clinical Oncology 19(3):657-665.
Weinrich M Weinrich S 1990 The effect of massage on pain in cancer patients.
Applied Nursing Research 34:140-145

HIV and AIDS
Nutritional Therapy
Andrews FJ & Griffiths RD. 2002. Glutamine: essential for immune nutrition in the
critically ill. British Journal of Nutrition. 87 Suppl 1: S3-S8.

Baum MK, et al. 1995. Micronutrients and disease progression. AIDS. 9:1051-1056

Begin ME, et al. 1989. Plasma fatty acid levels in patients with acquired immune
deficiency syndrome and in controls. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 37:135-
137
Boudes et al. 1990. Folate vitamin B-12 and HIV infection. Lancet. 335:1401-1402

Breitkreutz R et al. 2000. Improvement of immune functions in HIV infection by sulfur
supplementation: two randomized trials. J Mol Med. 78(1):55-62
Clark RH, et al. 2000. Nutritional treatment for acquired immunodeficiency virus-
associated wasting using beta-hydroxy beta- methylbutyrate, glutamine, and arginine: a
randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled study. JPEN. 24:133-139

De Quay B et al. 1992. Glutathione depletion in HIV- infected patients: role of cysteine
deficiency and effect of oral n-acetylcysteine. AIDS. 6:815-819

Hellerstein MK, et al. 1996. Effects of dietaryn-3 fatty acid supplementation in men
with weight loss associated with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome: relation to
indices of cytokine production. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 11:258-
270.

Herzenberg LA et al. 1997. Glutathione deficiency is associated with impaired survival
in HIV disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 94:1967-1972

Ince S. Vitamin supplements may help delay onset of AIDS. Med Tribune. 9:18

Macallan DC. 1999. Wasting in HIV infection and AIDS. J Nutr. 129:238s-242s

Kohler H, et al. 2000. Glycyl- glutamine improves in vitro lymphocyte proliferation in
AIDS patients. Eur J Med Res. 5:263-267

Macallan DC, et al. 1993. Prospective analysis of patterns of weight change in stage IV
human immunodeficiency virus infection. Am J Clin Nutr. 58: 417-424.

Roederer M et al. 1990. Cytokine-stimulated human immunodeficiency virus replication
is inhibited by N-acetyl- L-cysteine. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,
USA. 87:4884-4888

Shabert JK, et al. 1999. Glutamine-antioxidant supplementation increases body cell
mass in AIDS patients with weight loss: a randomised, double blind controlled trial.
Nutrition. 15:860-864

Tang AM, et al. 1997. Low serum vitamin B-12 concentrations are associated with
faster human immunodeficiency virus type 1 disease progression. J Nutr. 127:345-351
Tang AM, et al. 1993. Dietary micronutrient intake and risk of progression to
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in human immunodeficiency virus
type 1 (HIV-1)- infected homosexual men. Am J Epidemiol. 138:937-951


Acupuncture
White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 486-

487


Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Nutritional Therapy
Behan PO et al. 1990. Effect of high doses of essential fatty acids on the postviral
fatigue syndrome. Acta Neurol Scand. 82:209-216
Clauw DJ et al. 1994. Magnesium deficiency in the eosinophilia- myalgia
syndrome. Arth Rheum. 9:1331-1334
Cox IM et al. 1991. Red blood cell magnesium and chronic fatigue syndrome.
The Lancet. 337(8744):757-760
Grant JE et al. 1996. Analysis of dietary intake and selected nutrient
concentrations in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Am Diet Assoc.
96:383-386
Heap LC et al. 1999. vitamin B status in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J
R Soc Med. 92:183-185
Howard JM et al. 1992. Magnesium and chronic fatigue syndrome. Lancet.
340:426
Kuratsune H et al. 1994. Acylcarnitine deficiency in chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin
Infect Disease. 18(suppl 1):S62-S67

Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMH 1st September 2001, 3234 485-486
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323, 486-487

Bodywork Therapies

Deale A 2001 Long-Term Outcome of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Versus Relaxation
Therapy American Journal of Psychiatry 158:2038-2042

Field T 1997 Massage therapy effects on depression and somatic symptoms in CFS.
Journal of Chronic Fatihgue Syndrome 3:43-51

Goldstein J 1996 Betrayal by the Brain Haworth Press, New York

Inbar O et al 2001 Physiological responses to incremental exercise in patients with
chronic fatigue syndrome.Medical Science Sports Exercise 33(9):1463-1470
Pierce L Oldham J 1996 Aggressive rest: an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of
chronic pain and fatigue Biological Psychology 43(3)266

Sharpe M et al 1997 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Practical Guide to Assessment and
Management. General Hospital Psychiatry 19(3):185-199

Terman M et al 1998 Chronic fatigue syndrome and seasonal affective disorder:
comorbidity, diagnostic overlap, and implications for treatment The American Journal of
Medicine 105(3 Supplement 1):115S-124S

Jet Lag
Nutritional Therapy
Petrie K et al. 1993. A double-blind trial of melatonin as a treatment for jet lag in
international cabin crew. Biological Psychiatry. 33(7):526-530
Suhner A et al. 1998. Comparative study to determine the optimal melatonin
dosage form for the alleviation of jet lag. Chronobiol Int. 15(6):655-666

Acupuncture

White A, Hayhoe S, Hart A, Ernst E: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323 485-486


MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M: BMJ 1st September 2001, 323,

486-487

Bodywork Therapies

Amaro J 1989 Cheating Time-An Ancient Approach to Beating 20th Century Jet Lag.
Dynamic Chiropractic Apri: .14-16

Kuller, R. 2002 The influence of light on circarhythms in humans. Journal of
Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science, 21,87-91.

Lee 2003 Jet lag Treatments http://www.naturodoc.com/library/lifestyle/jetlag.htm

Shiota M et al 1996 Using outdoor exercise to decrease jet lag in airline crewmembers
Aviation & Space Environmental Medicine 67:1155-60

Reilly, T 1998) Travel: Physiology, jet-lag, strategies. In: Encyclopedia of Sports
Medicine and Science, T.D.Fahey (Editor). Internet Society for Sport Science:
http://sportsci.org. 12 July 1998

Straub, W. 2001. The effect of chiropractic care on jet lag of Finnish junior elite athletes.
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 3:191-198.

								
To top