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Yarn_ Tex_ Metric_ Denier Conversion - American _ Efird by suchenfz

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									American Efird, Inc.                                                                                                          TECHNICAL


                           Yarn Size Systems and Conversions
        Yarn Count Number Systems
        All types of textile yarns can be produced in different sizes and the two most common
        sizing systems are based on:

                  Length for a specific weight of a yarn (i.e. cotton count, metric)
                  Weight for a specific length of a yarn (i.e. tex, denier)

        Fixed Weight systems – These number systems typically show the number of length units
        which make up a give weight of yarn.

        Cotton Count = number of hanks per lb. (Using Ctn. Count - a hank = 840 yards) – system
        typically used for spun yarns.

        Metric Count = number of 1,000 metre hanks per kilogram or number of 496yds per lb.

        In these numbering systems, the larger the number, the finer the yarn.

        Fixed Length systems – These number systems typically show the weight of a given
        length of yarn.

        Denier = weight of 9000 metres of yarn – system typically used for continuous filaments.

        Tex = weight of 1000 metres of yarn* – system typically used for Sewing Threads. *Yarn
        refers to greige yarn prior to dyeing or finishing processes.

        Decitex = weight of decigrams per kilometer or grams per 10,000 metres.

        In these systems, the larger the number the larger the diameter of the yarn or thread.

        Both Tex Size Systems and Metric Size Systems have brackets for Ticketing Purposes.
        Below are these brackets.




           Tex Size Brackets
           12, 14, 16, 18        by 2s     Any gram weight between 12 and 13.99 should be labeled a Tex 12
           21, 24, 27            by 3s     Any gram weight between 21 and 23.99 should be labeled a Tex 21
           30, 35, 40, 45        by 5s     Any gram weight between 30 and 34.99 should be labeled a Tex 30
           50, 60, 80, 90        by 10s    Any gram weight between 50 and 59.99 should be labeled a Tex 50
           105, 120, 135,150     by 15s    Any gram weight between 105 and 119.99 should be labeled a Tex 105
           180, 210, 240, 270    by 30s    Any gram weight between 180 and 209.99 should be labeled a Tex 180
           300, 350, 400         by 50s    Any gram weight between 300 and 349.99 should be labeled a Tex 300
           500, 600, 700         by 100s   Any gram weight between 500 and 599.99 should be labeled a Tex 500

           Metric Ticket Brackets
             180
             160          40
             140          36               * Metric Tkt. Sizes are bracketed and you use the closest bracket. M101.4 = M100
             120          30
             100          25
              90          20
              80          15
              75          13
              60          12
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American Efird, Inc.                                                                                         TECHNICAL

                 50           9
                                        Conversion Calculations
Input information in Red to get desired Conversion.
Cotton Yarn Size to Cotton Equivalent Size                            Equiv. Size to Cotton Yarn Size
Yarn Size   ÷ Ply                                                     Equiv. Size X Ply
        60      3          20     Ctn. Ct.                                     20      3              60 's/ 3

Cotton to denier size                                                 Denier to cotton size
           5315 ÷ cotton size                                         5315 ÷ denier size
        20       =       265.8       denier                                265.8       =         20           Ctn. Ct.

Cotton to Tex                                                         Tex to Cotton
             590.6 ÷ cotton size                                      590.6 ÷ Tex Size
          20      =         29.5     Tex Size*                               29.5      =         20           Ctn. Ct.
* Tex sizes are bracketed and you always drop back to the last
Tex bracket. Tex 29.5 = T-27.

Cotton to Metric                                                      Metric to Cotton
           Cotton X 1.69                                              Metric ÷ 1.69
        20       =       33.8        Metric                                  33.8      =         20           Ctn. Ct.

Metric to Metric Ticket Size                                          Denier to Tex Size
            Metric X Ply                                              Denier ÷ 9
       33.8      3           =           101.4    Metric Tkt.*               693       =         77           Tex Size
* Metric Tkt. Sizes are bracketed and you use the closest
bracket. M101.4 = M100
                                                                      Denier Size to Decitex
Metric Tkt to Metric Size                                             Denier ÷ .9
            Metric ÷ Ply                                                     693       =         770          decitex
       100       3            =          33.3     Metric Sz.

Denier to Metric                                                      Tex Size to Decitex
              9000 ÷ Denier                                           Tex ÷ .1
         693       =          13.0    Metric Sz.                               27      =         270          decitex
* Metric Tkt. Sizes are bracketed and you use the closest
bracket. M101.4 = M100
                                                                      Yarn Size to Decitex
Metric to Metric Tkt Size                                             5905.6 ÷ Yarn Eqivalent Size
Metric X Ply                                                                   20     =                295    decitex
   13.0          3.0         39      Metric Tkt. Size



Wt. Per Yard to Tex Size
  .54 ÷ Gram / Yard
      0.028       =             19.3 Tex Size
* Tex sizes are bracketed and you always drop back to the last
Tex bracket. Tex 19.3 = T-187.




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           American Efird, Inc.                 TECHNICAL




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