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Types of Socialization

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					   Types of Socialization

Learning Target: Discuss the process
   for socialization in adulthood
              Total Institutions
A total institution is a place where residents are
  closed off from the rest of society
1. Not free to manage their own lives
2. Controlled and manipulated by the people in
   charge
3. The main purpose is to completely change a
   person

**You are able to wear your own clothes, choose
   your friends, bring your own lunch, etc…..
     The first step-Desocialization
• A total institution’s main purpose is to desocialize
  people, or the process by which people give up all
  norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors

How this occurs:
1. Replace personal items with standard-issued
   items (take away their uniqueness and what
   defines them)
2. Serial numbers as a way to define them means a
   loss of privacy
             Desocialization
In what ways would desocialization be
  necessary?

Where might this occur?
              Resocialization
• Resocialization is the process by which people
  adopt NEW norms, values, attitudes and
  behaviors
• Resocialization can occur through a series of
  rewards and punishments
• Rewards-taking identity
• Punishments-nonconformity
  When can resocialization occur?
• Military
• Criminals
• Adolescents
      Anticipatory Socialization
• The process by which you prepare (in
  advance) for new norms, values, attitudes,
  and beliefs.
• This involves VOLUNTARY change
• May occur when people move from different
  stages in their lives

***How is dating a form of anticipatory
  socialization?
            Reference Group
A teenager may want to resemble people their
  age, so they will abandon norms, values, and
  beliefs previously held .
This process will typical begin in the preteen
  stage, and the teenager will be the new
  reference group
A reference group is what they use to evaluate
  themselves and which they acquire attitudes,
  values, beliefs, and norms

				
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posted:3/9/2011
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