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                                                     I S S U E       2                                                                      A P R I L   2 0 0 9



                                      Editors Note
                                      In the second issue of this             and another that appeared as an op-        the Democratic Republic of Congo.
                                      newsletter we are pleased to share      ed in the South African financial          The article tells the story of a woman
                                      with you some of the highlights of      paper, Business Day. These articles        whose husband lost his job as a
                                      ARASA’s work in the first quarter of    are shared in this newsletter . They       result of contracting HIV and ex-
                                      2009.                                   are a part of the media outreach for       plores HIV/AIDS in the workplace.
                                                                              the Mines and TB Campaign to bring         We hope that more of our partners
                                      In this newsletter we focus on
                                                                    th        awareness to and call for action on        will contribute to this newsletter to
                                      ARASA’s presence at the 4 SA AIDS
                                                                              the plight of miners who are               profile their work and share lessons
                                      Conference in Durban from 31
                                                                              adversely affected by the high             learned.
                                      March to 3 April 2009, where the
                                                                              incidence of TB in the mines.              Also in this issue you can find out
                                      ARASA team had a booth, made
                                      presentations and launched the          The new Training and Advocacy              more about two internships available
                                      2009 HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in       Programme hosted by Women and              for ARASA partners. Details of the
                                      Southern Africa Report. We also         Law Southern Africa started on a           internships and how to apply for
                                      share with you our impressions of       high note in Swaziland. In this issue      them are inside.
                                      the conference.                         we will outline the objectives and key     We make a brief introduction to
                                                                              activities for 2009 as well as some of     ARASA’s new partners and staff
                                      Paula Akugizibwe’s Mines and TB
                                                                              the highlights of the first training
                                      presentation at the 4th SA AIDS Con-                                               members and give them a warm
                                                                              held earlier this year.                    welcome.
                                      ference was a huge success and is
                                      available on the ARASA website.         We are very pleased to share an            With best wishes
                                      Paula has also written two articles -   article contributed by an ARASA
                                      one which appeared in The Times         partner, Protection Enfants SIDA in        The ARASA Team


                                      ARASA at the 4th SA AIDS Conference:
                                      “Scaling Up for Success”
                                      Close to thirty years into the AIDS     representatives, HIV
                                      epidemic 1.5 million new infections     programme implementers,
                                      occurred in southern Africa in 2007,    religious and community
                                      accounting for almost one-third of      leaders converged at the
                                      all new HIV infections around the       International Convention
                                      world. In addition, nine countries in   Centre in Durban, South
                                      southern Africa accounted for 35        Africa, during the 4th SA
                                      per cent of all HIV infections and 38   AIDS Conference from 31          Nyaradzo, Paula, Alan, Felicita, Luyanda and
                                      per cent of AIDS deaths.                March to 3 April, 2009.          Michaela at the ARASA Booth


                                      Recognising the urgency to take         Under the theme ‘Scaling up for          “Twenty years into an epidemic
                                      stock of best practices in treatment    success’ the conference delegates        that has claimed the lives of more
                                      and prevention and to scale these       shared best practices in HIV             than 20 million people worldwide,
                                      up sufficiently to begin to roll back   prevention, treatment and care           it is not unreasonable to ask why
                                      the onslaught of AIDS in southern       and identified barriers to scaling       we have not made a dent in the
                                      Africa, close to 4000 activists,        up successful responses to the HIV       prevalence of HIV and AIDS,” ex-
HIV does not infect my human rights   scientists, government                  epidemic in southern Africa.             plained Conference Chairperson,
                                                                                                                                         ISSUE        2
               PAGE           2
                                      Professor Linda-Gail Bekker. “More     partners and has grown to a part-     KEY FINDINGS OF THE
                                      than ever before we need to come       nership of more than 40               2009 HIV/AIDS AND
                                                                                                                   HUMAN RIGHTS IN
                                      together as a region, declare war      organisations who work together
                                                                                                                   SOUTHERN AFRICA
                                      on the epidemic and begin to see       to promote a human rights-
                                                                                                                   REPORT
                                      the rates in southern Africa           based response to HIV in
                                      decline.”                              southern Africa.                      Presenting the findings of the
                                                                                                                   2009 HIV/AIDS and Human Rights
                                      Recognising that an effective rights   In 2006 ARASA published the first     in Southern Africa Report, Liesl
                                      -based HIV response in the region      HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in          Gerntholz, a consultant who
                                      calls for an exchange of               Southern Africa report, which         worked on the report, explained
                                      knowledge, lessons andapproaches       evaluated the extent to which         that in 2009, compared to the
                                      with others working in the field of    International Guidelines on HIV/      2007 report, more countries have
                                      human rights, HIV and tuberculosis     AIDS and Human Rights were            HIV/AIDS laws and policies while
                                      (TB), ARASA was active and well        implemented in Southern Africa.       many have a dedicated HIV and
                                      represented at the conference .                                              AIDS public health law that
                                                                             “The report we are launching          protects the rights of people
                                      In addition to ARASA’s convening       today is an update of the 2006        living with HIV. The SADC
                                      of a satellite session and managing    Report, which marked the tenth        Parliamentary Forum also
                                      an exhibition booth, ARASA’s           anniversary of the International      adopted a model law on HIV/
                                      Director Michaela Clayton, was a       Guidelines,” Michaela explained.      AIDS and there is increased
                                      member of the Conference               “This report explores key human       access to prevention, treatment,
                                      Programme Committee and co-            rights developments in the            care and support including
                                      chaired the ‘Gender and Sexual         region since the publication of       prevention services for vertical
                                      and Reproductive Health Rights’        the 2006 report, focusing on laws     transmission.
                                      session on Wednesday, 1 April.         and policies that protect the
                                                                             rights of people living with HIV to   “However, ongoing from 2007, is
                                      SATELLITE SESSION:                     equality and non-discrimination       the recognition that developing a
                                      “STATUS OF HIV/AIDS                    as well as laws and policies that     human rights response is
                                      AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN                    promote access to health care.”       complicated by the large number
                                      SADC IN 2009”
                                                                                                                   of competing human rights
                                                                             In addition, the report identifies    concerns in the region as well as
                                      On 1 April 2009, ARASA hosted a
                                                                             key human rights challenges           continuing state repression,” Liesl
                                      satellite session titled “Status of
                                                                             facing people living with HIV and     explained. “In the absence of a
                                      HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in
                                                                             highlights good legal, policy and     completely protective
                                      SADC in 2009” to provide an over-
                                                                             human rights practices in relation    environment, stigma and
                                      view of and an opportunity to
                                                                             to HIV and AIDS in southern           discrimination against people
                                      discuss current and emerging
                                                                             Africa. “The report will be           living with HIV and AIDS also
                                      issues related to HIV, TB and
                                                                             distributed widely to partners        continues.”
                                      human rights in southern Africa.
                                                                             and stakeholders in the region
                                                                             and beyond with the hope that it      New issues identified in the 2009
                                      The session, attended by close to
                                                                             will be useful as an advocacy tool    report include a concern that the
                                      150 delegates, outlined ARASA’s
                                                                             in the region” explained              increase in new HIV and AIDS
                                      current advocacy efforts including
                                                                             Michaela.                             laws mean that there is now a
                                      the ‘Mines and TB Campaign’,
                                      initiatives on sexual and                                                    need for an increased focus on
                                                                             Michaela acknowledged the             advocating for and monitoring
                                      reproductive health rights and
                                                                             financial support of SIDA, Irish      implementation of the laws and
                                      human rights considerations for
                                                                             Aid, OSISA, HIVOS and the Ford        policies. In 2009, there is also
                                      scaled up HIV testing.
                                                                             Foundation and thanked the            recognition of increased enforce-
                                                                             consultants Ann Strode, Kitty         ment mechanisms in the laws for
                                      Michaela Clayton welcomed
                                                                             Grant and Liesl Gerntholz as well     non-compliance with the
                                      delegates to the session explaining
                                                                             as ARASA staff and partners for       standards. However, some new
                                      that ARASA is an alliance of non-
                                                                             their contribution to the report.     laws contain ‘claw-back’ clauses,
                                      governmental organisations that
HIV does not infect my human rights   started out in 2002 with only 5                                              which limit the rights outlined in


                             ARASA           NEWSLETTER
                                                                                                                                      PAGE       3
the law itself.                         advocacy efforts including a           sharing of lessons learned, but
                                        meeting on sexual and                  did not pay enough attention to
“Emerging human rights issues           reproductive health rights held in     the issue of human rights and its
include the rights of people with       November 2007 with the aim of          relation to the epidemic in
TB; the need to enhance access to       establishing a regional campaign       southern Africa. “We cannot
treatment for children and              on sexual and reproductive health      afford to become complacent
facilitate increased access to          rights. He explained that a follow-    about human rights,” he said. “Let
prevention of vertical                  up meeting to design the cam-          us not allow communities and
transmission for women as well as       paign was planned for the second       individuals to be relegated as
a need for the development of           quarter of 2009.                       junior partners.”
new preventive measures such as
HIV vaccines,” Liesl added.             Luyanda also outlined ARASA’s          Highlighting the emerging
                                        efforts to raise awareness about       human rights issues identified by
ARASA’S ADVOCACY                        potential human rights                 the report, Mark explained that
INITIATIVES                             implications of the rising number      there are a few issues critical to
                                        of community testing initiatives in    the HIV response in southern
Paula Akugizibwe, ARASA’s
                                        the region by citing a joint effort    Africa right now. “These include
Treatment Literacy and Advocacy
                                        between ARASA and Human                financial sustainability for people
Co-ordinator introduced the ‘TB
                                        Rights Watch in 2007/2008. Re-         on treatment during this
and the Mines’ campaign,
                                        search was conducted on the            economic recession. We must
stressing that there is a plethora
                                        human rights implications of Le-       recognise that budget shortfalls
of evidence generated since the
                                        sotho’s ‘Know Your Status’ Cam-        can threaten the right to health,”
Milner Commission Report of
                                        paign, which set out to test 1.3       he explained. “Funding for
1903, accentuating an urgent
                                        million people in 2 years.             human rights work is being
need to address the plight of
                                                                               suffocated. In this region, no
miners, particularly those working
                                        LAUNCH OF THE 2009                     government is spending money
in the gold mining industry, and        HIV/AIDS AND HUMAN                     to make sure people understand
their susceptibility to TB infection.   RIGHTS IN SOUTHERN                     human rights and can demand it.”
                                        AFRICA REPORT
“The South African Gold Mining
                                                                               “We should also continue
Industry probably has the highest       Officially launching the report
                                                                               touting the development of good
incidence of TB in the world at         Mark Heywood, Director of the
                                                                               HIV-related laws, and should push
3000 to 7000 incidences per             AIDS Law Project, deputy-
                                                                               for their implementation to make
100 000 population size per year,”      chairperson of the South African
                                                                               an impact on the lives of people
she added.                              AIDS Council (SANAC) and chair
                                                                               and facilitate their access to
                                        of the UNAIDS Reference Group
                                                                               justice,” he added.
Paula outlined ARASA’s efforts to       on HIV and Human Rights com-
raise awareness and influence           mended ARASA for its work and
                                                                               ARASA BOOTH
change in this regard, mentioning       profile in the region.
the May 2008 meeting on mines,                                                 ARASA materials were distributed
migrant labour and tuberculosis         “Since its inception ARASA has         at a stand in the exhibition hall of
in southern Africa. In addition she     been raising the voice of HIV/         the conference centre where
urged delegates to join ARASA’s         AIDS and human rights in               delegates interacted with ARASA
efforts, which include statements,      southern Africa and should be          staff and received a Human
petitions and media outreach.           commended and supported in its         Rights and HIV Testing or Sexual
                                        quest to continue working with         and Reproductive Health Rights
On Thursday 2 April, Paula also         partners in the region, particularly   t-shirt.
presented on the cross-border           with those partners in less
implications of TB in the South         supportive environments.”              Note: All presentations delivered
                                                                               during the satellite session can be    Posters displayed at the
African Mines during the
                                                                               found on the ARASA website at          ARASA Booth.
Migration session.                      He added that the SA AIDS
                                                                               www.arasa.info
                                        conference was a good platform
Luyanda Ngonyama informed               for releasing this report as it
delegates of ARASA’s other              provided a stage for dialogue and



                  ARASA    NEWSLETTER
  ISSUE      2                                                                                                           PAGE     4




  Impressions of ARASA at the 4th SA AIDS Conference



The ARASA stand was inundated with visitors. T-shirts and posters on sexual and reproductive health rights and HIV
testing were collected by delegates. In addition information of ARASA’s work was made available and copies of the
ARASA human rights and HIV/AIDS training manual were distributed. Copies of the newly launched HIV/AIDS and
Human Rights in Southern Africa Report could also be collected at the ARASA stand.



Below is some feedback from ARASA staff members on ARASA’s presence at the 4th SA AIDS Conference in Durban.


Nyaradzo Chari:
“People were really interested in our work and they also wanted more materials and training. In particular, community health
workers and members of the Department of Health wanted to know how they could infuse ARASA’s work into their efforts with
communities. Many delegates from organisations who are not ARASA partners also asked about receiving training in HIV/AIDS
and human rights. The requests were predominantly from South African government officials and grass roots organisations as well
as several Zimbabwean NGOs for assistance and collaboration in incorporating human rights into their work as well as the usual
funding pleas.”


Felicita Hikuam:
“We were commended for our work and visibility during the conference.”


Alan Msosa:
“Some visitors to the booth asked how they can collaborate or partner with ARASA. Others expressed lack of adequate knowledge
and information on issues of human rights and HIV/ AIDS. Some of the plenary sessions observed that there is need to enhance
mainstreaming of human rights issues around the HIV/ AIDS response in the region. During the satellite session one person
stressed that we should ensure that we review the ARASA Human Rights Report and ensure that we publicise the recommenda-
tions and issues as much as possible. He also stressed that we should ensure that a lot is done to translate the report into action.
Someone asked if ARASA could play a role to ensure that civil society in the region contributes reports towards the UNGASS
processes.“




  Delegates attended the ARASA satellite session titled “Status of HIV, TB and Human Rights in SADC in 2009” and
  thronged to the ARASA stand for information and materials.
         ARASA       NEWSLETTER
PAGE                         5

                                  A Century of Deafness to Facts
                                  about Lung Disease in Miners
                                 The op-ed below appeared in the financial newspaper Business Day on April 17, 2009.
                                 Written by Paula Akugizibwe, Treatment Literacy and Advocacy Co-ordinator for ARASA.


                                                                               climbing steadily, ominously, decade        the most historically neglected groups
                                                                               after decade?                               of workers —whose lives and labour
                                                                                                                           built the backbone of this country’s
                                                                               There are many commissions of inquiry       economy — continues to be so
                                                                               that we could reference. We could go        flagrantly exploited.
                                                                               back more than a century to what was
                                                                               then regarded as the “wake-up call”,        It matters to public health experts in
                                                                               the Milner commission report of 1903,       South Africa and from around the
                                                                               which warned that , “the extent to          world, who wrote to the minerals and
                                                                               which Miners’ Phthisis (tuberculosis)       energy and health ministers three
                                                                               prevails at the present time is so great    weeks ago, calling for urgent action to
                                                                               that preventive measures are an urgent      address TB in the mining sector.
Mines + TB in South Africa




                                                                               necessity, and that such a large
                                                                               number of sufferers is in our midst is a    It matters to the organisations, which
                                                                               matter of keen regret”.                     wrote to the same ministers three
                                                                                                                           weeks ago, calling for the immediate
                                                                               Or perhaps something more recent,           implementation of a review tool to
                                                                               the Leon commission of 1996, which          assess the performance of TB
                                 Paula Akugizibwe
                                                                               stressed that “the failure to control       programmes in the mining sector — a
                                                                               tuberculosis in the mining industry         tool whose development was
                                 While the world sprung into a frenzy of       must be a matter for grave concern”,        sponsored by the department of
                                 action on World TB Day recently, Cape         and went on to recommend that a             minerals and energy in 2007 but which
                                 Town’s International Convention               renewed effort is urgently required.        has since gathered dust on a shelf
                                 Centre quietly hosted a sobering
                                                                                                                           somewhere.
                                 reiteration of the quiet, tragic history of   More than 100 years after Milner, and
                                 this epidemic in miners. Tony Davies,         13 years after Leon, our minds turn         How much — or how little — it now
                                 professor emeritus in occupational            back to that red line, still rising,        matters to the mining sector and the
                                 health at Wits University, opened his         undaunted by any of the interventions       government, only time will tell. But if it
                                 talk on 20th century inquiries into           that the sector has tossed its way.         takes another 107 years, it will be
                                 health and safety in South African
                                                                                                                           beyond our control by then, and
                                 mines with a fragment from a poem by          Alternatively, we could dabble in some      history will judge very harshly on this
                                 Edna St Vincent Millay:                       compensation philosophy. We could           scandal.
                                                                               write something around the lines of a
                                 “Upon this gifted age, in its dark hour,      conversation I observed at the              It already does.
                                 Rains from the sky a meteoric shower          conference, pitting the relative weak-
                                 Of facts … they lie                           nesses of the Compensation
                                 unquestioned, uncombined.”                    Commissioner for Occupational
                                                                               Diseases against those of the Medical
                                 Perhaps, after decades of meteoric            Bureau for Occupational Diseases.
                                 showers of facts on occupational lung         Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is most     Paula commented that the
                                 disease in mines, one must turn to            defunct of them all?                        Department of Health has
                                 poetry in order to move the South                                                         contacted her to say that the
                                 African mining sector and government          Does it matter?                             memo referred to in the op-ed
                                 to fulfil their responsibilities in this
                                 regard.
                                                                                                                           above is receiving their
                                                                               It all matters, just not to the right
                                                                               people. It matters to miners, former        attention. ARASA will circulate a
                                 But what shall be the theme?                  miners and their communities, who           sign-on to ARASA partners and
                                                                               bear the cost of this neglect. It matters   other interested parties to in-
                                 Should we go for visual imagery and           to anyone who cares about social            crease the pressure to get the TB
                                 attempt to describe the graph of              justice, who struggles to wrap their
                                 autopsy data showing TB in black                                                          programme review done as soon
                                                                               mind around how, 15 years into
                                 South African miners, its red line            freedom and transformation, one of          as possible.” - ed.


                                 ARASA        NEWSLETTER
  PAGE                       6


                                    The Dark Heart of Mining
                                 The following article, written by Paula Akugizibwe, was published in The Times and was originally entitled “Who Pays the
                                 Real Price of Gold?”

                                 The most depressing thing about the       compliance [by mining companies] to      The real price of gold is not what you
                                 findings of the Presidential Mine         legislative requirements [on health      see on TV at the end of the news. The
                                 Health and Safety Audit produced by       and safety]. Inquiry after inquiry       real price of gold is hidden in various
                                 the Department of Minerals and            makes findings to the effect that risk   rural corners of the country and other
                                 Energy in 2008 is not the shocking        assessments are not conducted,           countries in the region from which
                                 state of affairs that was revealed, but   training is not done, early morning      migrant labour streams to South
                                 the sense of déjà vu that comes with      examinations are not done,               African mines; and the people who
                                 this state of affairs.                    equipment not maintained and the         paid the real price of gold are often
                                                                           list goes on and on. “                   left with little or nothing to show for
                                 In 1995, Judge Ramon Leon’s
                                                                                                                    it – no compensation, no rehabilita-
                                 Commission issued a damning report        The list goes on and on, but at the
                                                                                                                    tion, no justice.
                                 on the appalling state of health and      end of the day, the question remains
                                 safety in South African mines and         the same – who pays the real price of    “At all st ages,
                                 stated that “radical” steps needed to     gold? The answer is uncomfortable:
                                                                                                                    m inew orkers are
Mines + TB in South Africa




                                 be taken urgently to address this. 13     for years and years, pre- and post-
                                 years later, the presidential audit       apartheid, mine-workers and their        screw ed by t he
                                 confirms not that progress has been       families and communities have
                                                                                                                    syst em . .”
                                 made, but that Leon’s findings still      largely borne the social, economic
                                 hold true.                                and public health burden of the dark     Why, for a sector that is so
                                                                           side of mining.                          significant, has so little effort been
                                 There is no evidence of radical action
                                                                                                                    put into developing more effective
                                 in that, but it makes you stop and        The crystalline silica dust that coats
                                                                                                                    systems of regulation? “The system of
                                 think. Mining contributes at least 6%     their lungs until they wheeze for
                                                                                                                    administrative fines for non compli-
                                 of South Africa’s GDP, but at what        breath; the piece of equipment that
                                                                                                                    ance failed to serve as a deterrent”,
                                 human cost?                               hasn’t been changed in over 30 years
                                                                                                                    admits the presidential audit, “the
                                                                           and eventually collapses, taking
                                 The presidential audit’s 2007                                                      [mines health and safety]
                                                                           mineworkers’ lives and their families’
                                 estimates put annual fatalities at 221;                                            inspectorate which is seriously
                                                                           livelihoods with it; the TB bacteria
                                 new cases of pulmonary TB at 4482;
                                                                           that circulate
                                 cases of noise-induced hearing loss
                                                                           unchecked in the
                                 at 1820 and compliance of mines to
                                                                           shafts and squalid
                                 health and safety regulations at 66%.
                                                                           hostels, resulting in a
                                 “The real price of gold                   rate of new TB
                                                                           infections in South
                                 is not w hat you see                      African gold mines
                                 on TV at t he end of                      that, according to the
                                                                           Department of
                                 t he new s..”                             Health, “has been
                                                                           increasing
                                 It is a frightful situation – and on
                                                                           exponentially with
                                 paper, everyone is very concerned
                                                                           HIV every year” and
                                 indeed about health and safety in the
                                                                           may be up to 10
                                 mines. But in reality, few people with
                                                                           times the national
                                 decision-making power seem to be
                                                                           infection rate. For TB,
                                 concerned at all.
                                                                           if nothing else, most
                                 The presidential audit report could       gold mines in South
                                 not be more blunt: “As the audits         Africa should be
                                 confirm the findings made by Judge        declared disaster
                                 Leon in his Commission report, there      areas.
                                 is a pervasive culture of non

                                  ARASA         NEWSLETTER
               PAGE      7
                                     stretched for resources is         functions (inspections and          In 2009, the AIDS and Rights
                                     inundated with piles of files      audits). The vacancy report for     Alliance for Southern Africa
                                     from mines’ legal councils         July 2008 shows…a vacancy rate      (ARASA), in collaboration with
                                     appealing the fines.               of 29%.”                            several partners, is launching a
How Can You Assist?                  Processing a single fine can                                           campaign to demand reform in
                                                                        On compensation, the
                                     take up to one year six                                                the management of and com-
                                                                        challenges are too many and
x        Outreach and training       months… Provision is made in                                           pensation for occupational TB
                                                                        complex to be summarized in a
        of mineworkers               the Act for referral of cases to                                       in the mining sector. This fol-
                                                                        few sentences, but the general
x       Materials                    the Director of Public                                                 lows ARASA’s 2008 report on
                                                                        sentiment was accurately
                                     Prosecution where negligence                                           The Mining Sector, Migrant
x       Legal research and ad-                                          captured by a senior health
                                     has resulted in death or serious                                       Labour and Tuberculosis in
        vice                                                            officer at AngloGold Ashanti in
                                     injury of someone. Every year                                          Southern Africa.
                                                                        the title of an article he wrote
x       Media and awareness          referrals are made but no
                                                                        last year to highlight this issue   TB, one of the biggest health
        raising                      prosecution has ever taken
                                                                        – “Miners’ Compensation: Who        crises in Africa, is responsible
                                     place.”
x       Organising and/or                                               cares?” A 2004 actuarial study      for more deaths in South Africa
        supporting advocacy          The Mines Health and Safety        showed that the existing            than any other disease, but is
        actions                      Act was recently revised to        compensation fund was not           even more disastrously out of
More ideas? Write to us:             allow for stricter punitive, but   nearly enough to cover current      control in the gold mining
                                     this is only the tip of the ice-   claims for occupational disease,    sector. As this sector thrives on
minesandtb@arasa.org.na
                                     berg. At all stages, mineworkers   and would require mining            migrant labour, the disease
                                     are screwed by the system. At      companies to pay 100 times          burden is then spread across
                                     the mines, “the appointed          their current contributions to      the country and region when
                                     health and safety representa-      correct the situation.              workers return home, and no
                                     tives were inadequately and                                            systems for accountability exist
                                                                        Who cares? Nobody, it seems.
                                     improperly trained… the exer-                                          to address this.
                                                                        But we all should. This is, quite
                                     cising of their rights and pow-
                                                                        simply, a matter of justice.        We call on everyone to support
                                     ers was not sufficiently under-
                                                                        When it comes to health and         the campaign on TB in the
                                     stood…there was no procedure
                                                                        safety, the mining sector has a     mining sector; and as the
                                     and no training on withdrawal
                                                                        long, long history of bad, bad      elections approach, to ask
                                     or refusing to work in an
                                                                        behaviour; and failure to           leaders the tough questions
                                     unsafe working place. Ad hoc
                                                                        correct this has effectively        that have no simple answers –
                                     meetings were held without
                                                                        endorsed injustice as the           who pays the real price of gold?
                                     involving the employees.”
                                                                        foundation of the most power-       And why? And who cares?
                                     At the severely under-             ful economic sector in the
                                     resourced Mines Health and         country.                            For more information about
                                     Safety Inspectorate, whose job                                         ARASA’s campaign on the
                                                                        The much spoken-of gap
                                     is to uphold health and safety                                         Mining Sector and TB, or for
                                                                        between the rich and poor is
                                     legislation, “Administrative                                           copies of our report, please
                                                                        not a phenomenon – it is the        email minesandtb@arasa.org.na
                                     processes resulted in inspectors
                                                                        obvious consequence of delib-       or call +27 21 422 5463.
                                     spending less than 50% of their
                                                                        erate negligence on critical
                                     available time on their core
                                                                        matters such as this.


    Background: Mines + TB Campaign
    x    May 2008: Meeting on “The Mines, Migrant Labour and Tuberculosis in Southern Africa”

    x    Representatives from government departments (SA and Lesotho health and labour); mining industry; mining unions; NGOs;
         human rights and public health academics and researchers.

         x Goal: To map out policy and programmematic interventions for the cross-border control of tuberculosis between Lesotho
            and South Africa, focusing on miners, ex-miners and their families.

         x At least 25% of Lesotho DR TB cases in preceding 8 months (August 2007 – April 2008) were current or former SA
            mineworkers.

    x    Full report available at: http://www.arasa.info/files/pub_ARASA_Mines_TB_and_Southern_Africa.pdf

                    ARASA        NEWSLETTER
               PAGE          8
                                         Human Rights and HIV/AIDS Capacity Building and Awareness
                                         Raising Programme in Swaziland by Margaret Zulu
                                                                             society in addressing of critical    violations in Swaziland. Thus the
                                                                             human rights issues.                 ToT programme will enhance
                                                                                                                  programme ownership by the
                                                                         PROGRAMME                                communities and further sustain
                                                                                                                  the human rights programme in
                                                                         BACKGROUND
                                                                                                                  Swaziland.
                                                                         The Swaziland Human Rights and           Women’s day commemoration
                                                                         HIV/AIDS Capacity Building and
                                                                         Awareness Raising Programme has          The International Women’s Day on
                                                                         been successfully initiated in           8 March was commemorated by
                                                                         Swaziland and is now four months         awareness raising on and advocacy
                                                                         old. Planning for the programme          against Gender Based Violence
                                                                         has had exclusive involvement of         (GBV) through newspaper articles,
                                                                         WLSA partners whose input has set        radio talk shows as well as a
Margaret Zulu addresses the                                              a foundation for programme               discussion on national TV on the
                                 The DRC was the first country in
workshop participants at the                                             sustainability. This has seen            need for community involvement in
                                 which ARASA’s Human Rights and
ToT training in Swaziland.                                               enormous support by the Swazi            curbing GBV. This commemoration
                                 HIV/AIDS Capacity Building and
                                                                         government. The programme has a          was done in collaboration with
                                 Awareness Raising Training Pro-
                                                                         primary focus on gender-based            WLSA partners. The programme
                                 gramme was rolled out in 2008.
                                                                         violence, stigma and discrimination      coordinator also helped facilitate a
                                 Swaziland is the second country in
                                                                         as well as access to HIV and TB          national dialogue on gender issues,
                                 which this programme is being
                                                                         treatment.                               which saw the involvement of
                                 implemented in 2009, hosted by
                                                                                                                  partners such as the UN and the
                                 Women and Law in Southern Africa
                                                                                                                  Coordinating Assembly of Non-
                                 – Swaziland (WLSA) - ed
                                                                         PROGRAMME SUCCESSES                      Governmental Organisations.

                                                                         Since its inception the programme
                                 PROGRAMME GOAL                                                                   Second Quarter Highlights
                                                                         has seen a number of successes in
                                                                         terms of output. These include the
                                 To contribute to the reduction,                                                  In the second quarter the following
                                                                         initiation of the training of trainers
                                 management and elimination of                                                    activities are planned: IEC materials
                                                                         (ToT) programme where
                                 HIV/AIDS & TB in Swaziland                                                       development; an advanced training
                                                                         participants from non governmental
                                 through capacity building,                                                       of trainers workshop; Workers Day
                                                                         organisations in the national HIV/
                                 awareness raising and advocacy                                                   commemoration; Human rights
                                                                         AIDS consortium and the media
                                 for a human rights based response                                                regional workshops for traditional
                                                                         including people with disabilities,
                                 to HIV/AIDS                                                                      leaders and rural health motivators;
                                                                         LGBTIs, and people living with HIV
                                                                                                                  awareness raising and advocacy
                                                                         have been trained to be trainers for
                                                                                                                  through the media.
                                 PROGRAMME                               human rights. Other outputs in-
                                 OBJECTIVES                              clude awareness raising and              Margaret Zulu is the Human
                                                                         advocacy activities to                   Rights and HIV/AIDS Capacity
                                 x    Build capacity and raise           commemorate international                Building Programme Coordinator
                                      awareness on HIV/AIDS and          women’s day (IWD) in March.              based at Women and Law South-
                                      human rights issues for civil                                               ern Africa—Swaziland
                                      society in Swaziland by 2010;
                                                                         TOT PROGRAMME
                                 x    Promote mainstreaming of
                                      human rights issues in work-       A national basic training of trainers
                                      place HIV/AIDS policies &          was held in March 2009 in
                                      HIV/AIDS programming in            collaboration with ARASA to train a
                                      Swaziland by 2010;                 cadre of 30 human rights pro-
                                                                         gramme champions who will train
                                 x    Sustain programme beyond           members of their communities on
                                      2010 through building strong       human rights and HIV/AIDS and
                                      alliances and training trainers    further facilitate mainstreaming of
                                      of human rights and HIV/           human rights in their respective
                                      AIDS; and                          organisations. This cadre of cham-
                                 x    Reduce human rights viola-         pions will also drive the advocacy
                                      tions in Swaziland by 2010         agenda at community and national         Workshop participants developing
                                                                         levels while involving traditional       advocacy plans.
                                      through raising awareness on
                                      and facilitating action by civil   leaders to curb human rights


                    ARASA            NEWSLETTER
HIV/AIDS in the Workplace
                                                                                                                                  PAGE      9




by Leonnie Kandolo,

                                                 Many of his colleagues in     married. The youngest two will
                                                 their company avoided         finish their studies in a few
                                                 contact with him, his         months. I just finished the con-
                                                 chiefs became more and        struction of our house. I think that
                                                 more harsh with him as        if my husband were still be alive,
                                                 rumors spread that he         he would have been happy for me
                                                 was living with HIV. His      and my children.
                                                 life was hell for two years
                                                                               When I learnt that there are laws
                                                   and because of his long
                                                                               in many countries that protect the
                                                 absences from his work
                                                                               rights of people living with HIV/
                                                  place, his boss finally
My name is Caroline Ndessa, I am                                               AIDS, I was happy and sad at the
                                        fired him. My husband met with
44 years old and a mother of 4                                                 same time. Sad because those
                                        trade unionists to explain that he
children, the eldest is 23 years old                                           laws came late, if they had come
                                        was fired because of his disease,
and the youngest is 18 years old.                                              some years earlier, my husband
                                        but they did not want to stand for
I am a widow. My husband died of                                               would not had been fired unjustly;
                                        his cause. We had nowhere to
AIDS some years ago.                                                           and happy because now no
                                        turn
I am living with HIV, but this is not                                          person living with HIV/AIDS will
the subject of my story .               After my husband was fired, we         be a victim of abuse, discrimina-
                                        were deprived of housing and a         tion and stigmatisation from other
After I obtained my degree at the       car. We went to live in our house      people. Whoever behaves amiss
college of business in Kinshasa, in     which was still under construction     will be prosecuted in justice on
the Democratic Republic of              in Lingwala.                           the basis of the laws protecting
Congo, I married Robert Tulanda                                                people living with HIV/AIDS.
in 1980. During the time of our         For 18 months we struggled
marriage, my husband was a              against the sickness. Aware of         Now I live, thanks to ARVs, and I
brilliant young elite and worked in     Robert’s disease my sister, who        have committed to fight against
a big company of the city. His          lived in Italy, sent medicines to      stigmatization, rejection and all
company provided him with a             improve my husband’s condition         kinds of discrimination toward
beautiful house and a smart car.        of life.                               people living with HIV/AIDS and
                                                                                people affected.
As Robert did not want me to            Robert was always sad, not
work, I took care of the children at    because of disease, but because        The fight for the protection of the
home. With the money we saved,          he was fired due to his HIV/AIDS       rights of people living with HIV/
we bought a compound in                 status. He always wondered, “Why       AIDS is the fight of all of us.
Lingwala and I oversaw the con-         is a person fired for HIV/AIDS and
struction work of our house.            not for heart disease or for
                                        diabetes?” Up to the day he died,
As a good woman of Kinshasa, I          he considered his termination
agreed with my elder sister, who is     unjust.
in Italy, to do business together.                                                                                    Leonnie Kandolo is
Robert often laughed at me and          Apart from the pain we felt during                                            Director of Protection
my business, for he thought that I      his disease time, we felt another                                             Enfants SIDA in the
wasted my time in a useless             during the funeral. Everybody
                                                                                                                      DRC.
venture. But the money obtained         spoke of “AIDS” and looked at us
                                                                                                                      Protection Enfents SIDA
from my business was very useful        - me and my children as cursed.
                                                                                                                      is an ARASA partner
afterwards and provided for our         This was a very painful time.
                                                                                                                      and hosts the National
family.                                 My family also accused my                                                     HIV and Human Rights
In 1995 my husband fell ill some        husband of being the one who                                                  Training Programme in
weeks after he came from                made me sick.                                                                 the country. -ed.
Tanzania, where he went for a           After the funeral, we had a very
service purpose. He experienced         tough life but thanks to my
strong headaches. After getting         business, we are still alive. I have
treatment he began working.             even opened a shop in town. I
From that time onwards, his             struggled to ensure a better
health was fragile and he grew          future for my children, but my
very thin. He also got sick regu-       eldest son will get a university
larly.                                  degree next year and his sister has



              ARASA        NEWSLETTER
PAGE   10



             ARASA’s New Partners at a Glance
            ZANARELA+, ZAMBIA

            ZANERELA+ is the Zambian Chapter of the African Network of Religious leaders living with or personally
            affected HIV and AIDS (ANERELA+). The organisation endeavors to empower and support religious leaders
            living with or personally affected by HIV and AIDS to live a meaningful and productive life through capacity
            building, advocacy, networking and scaling up of congregational HIV and AIDS programmes.
            E-mail: edithlengwe@yahoo.com and website: www.inerela.org



            CHILDREN DIGNITY FORUM, TANZANIA

            CDF focuses on training and capacity building; policy advocacy; research, publication and documentation;
            counseling, life skills, health services and legal aid support for children, young mothers, young wives and
            child widows. E-mail: cdftanzania@gmail.com and website: www.cdf-tz.org



            ASSOCIATION FOR HELP OF DEVELOPMENT (PFUNANI), MOZAMBIQUE

            PFUNANI advocates for the access of information and treatment related to health in general and HIV/AIDS
            for women and children through community mobilization on prevention of HIV/AIDS, raising awareness
            about women rights in access of health and treatment, advocacy and dissemination of HIV/AIDS legislation
            and information. E-mail: taniamariza@live.com.pt



            PHELISANANG BOPHELONG, LESOTHO

            Phelisanang Bophelong (PB) is a community-based support group for people living with HIV and AIDS
            (PLWHA) in the district of Leribe in Lesotho. E-Mail: pbophelong@datacom.co.ls


            ACTION SIDA, COMOROS

            Action SIDA is an association which focuses on primary prevention of HIV through activities such as aware-
            ness raising on HIV, sexually transmitted infections and sexual risk; distribution of materials on prevention;
            distribution of condoms and outreach to target groups including men who have sex with men, transgender
            people and sex workers. E-mail: dafouad@gmail.com or actionsida@gmail.com




                        Introducing New Staff at ARASA...
                        Nyaradzo Chari-Imbayango
                        HIV Training Officer
                        Johannesburg
                        nyaradzo@arasa.org.na

                        Boniswa Seti
                        HIV/ TB Advocacy and Training Officer
                        Cape Town
                        boniswa@arasa.org.na

                        Alan Msosa
                        Monitoring & Evaluation Consultant
                        Windhoek
                        alan@arasa.org.na


                                                                       Welcome to the ARASA team!
       ARASA        NEWSLETTER
            PAGE     11




                          Call for Interns from ARASA Partner Organisations


                                        Over the past few years ARASA has facilitated a successful partner exchange internship
                                        programme with a view to promoting exchange of expertise and experience among
                                        ARASA partners.

                                        Interns from partner organisations are placed with more experienced partners for a
                                        period of about one month to enable the interns to gain experience in the work of the
                                        partner organisation with the aim of strengthening the capacity of the sending partner.

                                        We hereby announce the availability of 2 internships for a period of 4 to 12 weeks
                                        during 2009. ARASA will cover all expenses for this placement including travel and
                                        accommodation. Interns will be expected to collaborate with the host partner to
                                        develop a workplan for the duration of their internship and must submit a
                                        comprehensive report upon completion of their internship.

                                        Please send your curriculum vitae, application letter (outlining your
                                        motivation to apply for this internship, field of interest, intended period of the intern-
Director:
                                        ship and which ARASA partner you would like to be hosted by) and a motivational letter
                                        from your organisation (motivating why you are a good candidate and how the
michaela@arasa.org.na
                                        organisation will benefit from your placement) to Jacob Segale at jacob@arasa.org.na
                                        You can also contact Jacob should you require more information on the internship
Programmes Manager:                     programme.
felicita@arasa.org.na


Advocacy & Lobbying:
nyaradzo@arasa.org.na


Training:
jacob@arasa.org.na


                            Contact Us
Access to Treatment:
paula@arasa.org.na
                            ARASA Cape Town                      ARASA Johannesburg                   ARASA Regional Office
                            5th Floor                            8th Floor                            53 Mont Blanc Street
Communications:
                            Mercantile Building                  Sable Centre                         P.O. Box 97100,
gillian@arasa.org.na
                            63 Hout Street                       41 Dekorte Street                    Maerua Mall
                            Cape Town 8001                       Braamfontein                         Windhoek, Namibia
Office Co-ordinator:                                                                                  Tel.: +264 (061) 300 381
                            Tel.: + 27 (021) 422 5483            Tel.: + 27 (011) 403 77 19
maggie@arasa.org.na                                              Fax: + 27 (011) 403 77 19            Fax: + 264 (061) 227 675
                            Fax.: + 27 (021) 627 1317




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