3.1 Research Design
Classroom Action Research (CAR) is an action research conducted with the
aim of improving the quality of practice learning in the classroom. This methods
focus on the students or the academic process that occurs in the classroom.
The research design which used by the researcher is Classroom Action
Research (CAR) is Kurt Lewin in Hopkirn’s model. The scheme of Classroom
Action Research is following:
Planning is the process of setting goals, developing strategies, and outlining
tasks and schedules to accomplish the goals.
Acting is a translation of planning embodied in concrete actions in the
Observation is the action or methods to analyze and conduct a systematic
recording of behavior by looking at or observing individuals or groups
Reflecting is the action to evaluate the learner when do the material from
researcher or doing action that has been conducted, including evaluation of
quality, quantity and time of each kind of action.
The aim of this method was to compare descriptively the chain of each
cycle. The first stage in this research was done with an observation to know the
students’ listening ability, to find out the identification of problems, which appear,
and to determine the kinds of treatment, which are appropriate to be carried out.
Each cycle consists of four stages. Those are planning, action, observation, and
Since the writer wanted to know whether or not jigsaw are effective used in
increasing listening ability, she then replied into the next stage of re-planning,
action, observation, and reflection until the problem were clearly been solved.
3.2 Setting and Subject
The setting and subject of Classroom Action Research covering: place of
research, time of research, subject of research, and cycle of Classroom Action
Research, such as:
Place of Research
This Classroom Action Research is executed at SMP PGRI Bandar for
English lesson. This school is located in Bandar subdistrict, Pacitan district. The
researcher wants to help the students in order they can improve their capability in
English especially to listening skill.
Time of Research
This Classroom Action Research is executed at early new teaching year
2010 / 2011, at July 28, 2010. The determine time of research relate at calendar of
academic in school, because Classroom Action Research needed many cycle that
effectively teaching learning process in class.
Subject of Research
The subject of Classroom Action Research is the eight years students, which
administered at SMP PGRI Bandar, Pacitan teaching year 2010 / 2011.
3.3 Research Procedure
Classroom Action Research (CAR) through cycle, the cycles are consisted
of planning, acting, observing, reflecting. The cycles are following:
Before doing researching, researcher makes a planning to identify the
problems and how to find out its problem solving. The planning are:
Analyzing the student’s problems when they listening English.
Make a lesson plan.
To make student spread sheet
Make instruments (observation sheet, test and questionnaire).
a. Observation: used as technique for data collected about students’ activity
in teaching learning process and implemented The Jigsaw. The observation sheet
is given to collaborator for measuring activity level in teaching learning process.
The steps of observation are following:
Researcher ask an English teacher in SMP PGRI BANDAR to be an
Observer observes the student’s attitude when they are learning listening
Observer observes the students response when they learn listening using
The observation sheet consisted 5 questions
The aspect in the observation sheet about student’s attitude, student’s
response, and effectiveness of learning listening using jigsaw
b. Test: used for getting data about result students learning. To given question
item/question instrument for measuring study result from students.reseacher
choose the writing test option is given to student. Material of test is of 10
questions in multiple choices. The steps of giving test are following:
Teacher ask the student to prepare listening well on recorder
Teacher plays the record of text from tape recorder
Student listen well the text
Researcher gives the question sheet to student
Students do the test with jigsaw model.
For scoring the result of the test is use pattern bellow :
The number with true answer is given score 10
The number with false answer is given score 0
The maxsimam score is 100
The student score = x 100
c. Questionnaire : the questioner is given to the students to know opinion or
attitude by students about Jigsaw. Questionnaire is part of a study being
conducted by the center for the study of learning. One of the centers for the study
is to study and promote effective classroom process through an active association.
The steps of giving questioner are following:
questioner is consisted 10 question
aspect f questioner is according the student opinion when they are learning
listening using jigsaw
student fill the questioner according to their opinion
teacher collect the questioner to get conclusion of student opinion about
learning listening use jigsaw.
Researcher in implementing the plan to do the action of researching,
researcher makes research description and prepares the work scenarios, such as:
Students are grouped with members of the ± 4 people.
Everyone in the team is given materials and different tasks
Members of different teams with the same assignment to form new groups
Give learners in these expert groups time to discuss.
Bring the learners back into their jigsaw groups.
Ask each learner to present her or his segment to the group
Float from group to group, observing the process
At the end of the session, give a quiz on the material
Observing is perception activity to see how far effectively for action have
reached target. There are many steps in observation:
To observe the activity situation in teaching learning process.
To observe the active by students.
To observe student ability in the Jigsaw group discussion.
To conduct a final evaluation.
To analyze the test result.
Reflection is description of procedure analyzes to result of research and
reflection interconnected the process and affects in order to decide whether if
scheme successful or must be continued to next cycle. In this classroom action
research, it will be succeeds if:
More than 70%, the students get mark higher or equal than 70.
The result of observation, when learning process more than 75% the students
gives good responses.
The students listening ability are increasing..
The students are actively involved to assess their peer’s work.
The students enjoy giving positive response toward the implementation of
The students are able to improve their listening and its development before
it submitted to the teacher.
The students understand that their membership in cooperative learning.
The student’s help each other learn and encourage individual team member
The attitude of students, they are interested to learning English.
3.4 Technique of Data Analyzes
To know the effectiveness a method in teaching learning process, require to
data analyzes. At the Classroom action Research, to use qualitative description
analyzes, is a research method having the character of depicting fact and fact of
according to get data with a purpose to know the study result student also to know
the respond student to study activity and student activities of during study process
take place. This analysis is calculated to use the statistic modestly in the
Test is given to the students to measure the student’s listening ability when
they learn English using jigsaw, by this test reseacher can know the effectiveness
of learning listening using jigsaw. Researcher can analize data by using the pattern
Detail of: P : percentage of testing result
ΣX : student’s amounts who get mark higher or equal than
ΣN : student’s amount.
If x : ≥ 75
List observation passed to by a teacher to observe the classroom action
research to know how his responses of student and student ability in listening
English. Then researcher analyzes the list observation. To measure the result of
observation, the researcher uses the pattern bellow:
Detail of: P= student percentage
F= the number of student that choose each option
N= the number of all student
With the aim acquiring additional data for the study, the questioners are
given to students. The question reconstructed around the implementation teaching
strategies using Jigsaw. It is given to students in order to get the information on
how far the teaching strategies used by the teacher give effects on the students in
The questioner uses the close – ended form. And it is as a check list where
the respondents only choose the answers of the question.
The data of questioner are as questioner list. It would be described in
sentences which is shown by graphic or chart. To analyze the questioner, it is
transformed into percentage by using the formula which used in this study is:
Detail of: P = respondent percentage
F = the number o respondent that choose each option
N = the number o all the respondents