Intro to the ONET AP Feb 20070206

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Intro to the ONET AP Feb 20070206 Powered By Docstoc
					Introduction to the O*NET
      Ability Profiler
          Presented by
         Dr. Janet Wall
   Sr. Trainer, O*NET Academy

  Virtual Classroom Learning
• For better response time, please close all
  other applications.
• Please use the mute feature on your phone if
  you are in a high-traffic or noisy area.
• Please do not put the call on hold if you have
  hold music or a recorded hold message.

                  Part 1 of 3
• 3 part series
   – Introduction to the O*NET Tools and the Ability
     Profiler (6 February)
   – How to Administer the Ability Profiler (8 February)
   – How to Interpret the Ability Profiler (15 February)
• After attending all 3 sessions – certificate of
• Any session stands on its own

Session 1 - Learning Objectives

• Review three instruments; part of whole person
• Provide details on the O*NET Ability Profiler
• Describe administration options
• Outline scoring process
• Review types of scores provided
• Show use with O*NET database
• Overview the additional support materials
      Three Instruments
• O*NET Interest Profiler
• O*NET Work Importance
• O*NET Ability Profiler

O*NET Career Exploration Tools
        Tool                Format          Purpose

 O*NET Interest        Paper/Pencil    Work-related
 Profiler                              Interests
 O*NET Computerized Standalone or      Work-related
 Interest Profiler  Network            Interests
 O*NET Work            Paper/Pencil    What is Important in
 Importance Locator                    a Job (Values)
 O*NET Work            Standalone or   What is Important in
 Importance Profiler   Network         a Job (Values)
 O*NET Ability         Paper/Pencil    What Individual
 Profiler                              Can Do Well
                                       (Ability)          6
     Interest Profiler Work
         Interest Areas

   R        I      A         S       E      C

Realistic       Artistic         Enterprising
     Investigative         Social     Conventional

Work Importance Locator/Profiler
      Work Values Areas

      A         I        R        R          S       W

  Achievement       Recognition         Support
          Independence       Relationships        Conditions

        Ability Profiler Tests
Power                                    Speeded

    Non-Psychomotor     Psychomotor
 Arithmetic Reasoning   Mark Making

 Vocabulary             Place
 Three-Dimensional      Turn
 Computation            Assemble
 Name Comparison        Disassemble
 Object Matching                              9
    Power vs. Speeded Tests
• Power Tests – for most examinees,
  sufficient time is given to determine how
  much a person knows

• Speeded Tests – to determine how fast and
  accurately/correctly a person can answer the
  questions or perform the task

Many Support Materials

         Administration and
          Testing Materials
   Administration            Testing (for the test taker)
User’s Guide                 AP Form 1: A Tool for Career
                             Exploration (test booklet)
Administration Manual        AP Answer Sheet

Record of Apparatus Scores   Part 7 – Mark Making Answer
Three-Dimensional Space      Using Your O*NET AP Results
Cutouts                      (score report)

Automated Scoring Software   Apparatus for Dexterity Tests
      O*NET Ability Profiler
• Followed professional testing standards in the
  development process
• Fairness evaluation (word review and
• Research studies to show evidence of
  reliability and validity
• Developing a new self-interpreted score
  report (profiles)
• Links to O*NET occupations
               Proper Use
• Developed only for career exploration, career
• Not for job selection or selection into job
  training programs
• Administered to 1 or more persons
• Paper/pencil only

     What is Measured? (1)
1. Verbal Ability – understand the meaning
   of words and use them effectively in good
   communication when you listen, speak or
   write (Vocabulary)
2. Arithmetic Reasoning – use several math
   skills and logical thinking to solve problems
   in everyday situations (Arithmetic

     What is Measured? (2)
3. Computation – use arithmetic operations
   of additional, subtraction, multiplication and
   division to solve everyday problems
   involving numbers (Computation)
4. Spatial Ability – form pictures of objects
   in your mind; easily understanding how
   drawings represent real objects and
   correctly imagining how parts fit together
   (Three-Dimensional Space)
     What is Measured? (3)
5. Form Perception – quickly and accurately
   see details in objects, pictures, or drawings
   (Object Matching)
6. Clerical Perception – see detail in printed
   materials (Name Comparison)

     What is Measured? (4)
7. Motor Coordination – quickly and
   accurately coordinate eyes with hands or
   fingers when making precise movements
   (Mark Making) paper/pencil
8. and 9. Manual Dexterity – quickly and
   accurately move hands easily and skillfully
   (Place and Turn)
10. and 11. Finger Dexterity – ability to
   move fingers skillfully and easily
   (Assemble and Disassemble)
     Administration Options
Option   All 11           Use if information is required about all
1        subtests (2.5    occupations including those that need
         hours)           psychomotor skills

Option   6 Paper-         Use if information is not needed about
2        Pencil and       occupations that require manual
         Mark Making      dexterity or finger dexterity, but do
         (1.5 – 2         need motor coordination
         hours) 7 tests
Option   6 Paper-         Use when information is not needed
3        Pencil Tests     about occupations that require motor
         (1.5 – 2         coordination, manual dexterity, or
         hours) no        finger dexterity
         tests                                                   19
  Administration Basics –
Administrator-Examinee Ratio
• Parts 1-6 – one administrator to 10
  examinees; one assistant for every
  additional 10 examinees
• Parts 7-11 – one administrator to 5
  examinees; one assistant for every
  additional 5 examinees

     Administration Basics -
      Standardized Testing
• Administration directions and timing must be
  followed exactly; give the tests in order and
  according to directions (power before
• Paper pencil tests always come before

      Testing Environment
• Provide an environment whereby all
  examinees can perform their best
   – comfortable
   – well lighted
   – quiet
   – well ventilated

    Examinee Requirements
• Examinees
   – should be at least 16 years old
   – can read English at at least the 6th grade
   – have not taken the test for the past 6
   – should all be treated the same (except
     for needed accommodations for persons
     with disabilities

        Making Reasonable
• Timing of Test – May give extra time for the
  power tests (Parts 1 Arithmetic Reasoning,
  2 Vocabulary, 3 Three-Dimensional
  Space), not for speeded tests
• Print Size – May increase the point size for
  Parts 1, 2, 3, and 5 (power tests + Name
• Directions – encourage examinees to ask
  questions related to the directions
        Other Accommodations
• Can make other accommodations so that the test
  is measuring the job-related abilities, not the
   – assistance with answer sheet
   – steadying/locking down a wheelchair
• Resources:
  – Pre Employment Testing and the ADA (“Free Downloads)
  – APA’s Assessing Individuals with Disabilities in Educational, Employment
    and Counseling Settings

Questions ??????????

            Concept Check!!
• What is the minimum age for taking the AP?
  A=14, B=16, C=18 ?
• The AP can be used for recommending a
  client for an available job. Y or N?
• For a person with physical disabilities, the test
  administrator can give the individual a
  reasonable amount of time that he/she needs
  on the psychomotor tests. Y or N?

         Scoring the AP (1)
• AP Materials
  – Scoring Program User’s Guide (pdf on CD-ROM)
  – Ability Profiler Scoring Program (APSP)
  – Pre-marked Response Sheets
• Equipment and Software
  – Computer hardware (at least PII, 233 MHZ CPU
    and 64 MB of RAM)
  – Windows 95 or higher
  – Scanning equipment and software (see User’s

         Scoring the AP (2)
• Install scoring program
   – extensive instructions are found in the
     Scoring Program User’s Guide
   – program creates an examinee information
     file layout
• Scan in examinees answer sheets (certain
  scanners are recommended and supported)
   – Psychomotor test results (tests 7-11) are
     hand entered on answer sheet
• Launch scoring program
• Print score report                             29
                Scoring the AP (3)

                                 Creates file
                                 for each

From pre-             Scan in                   Creates
marked                examinee                  individualized
answer sheets         answer                    report for
scanned in or         sheets                    each
hand entered                                    examinee

    Other Scoring Support
• Hand data entry program has been developed
  and is available for downloading.
• Private sector scoring
   – Jennifer Rodney, Washington State
     Employment Security Department Phone:
   – Chris McMorris, Pearson Assessments, 800-
     627-7271, Ext 3292
Interpreting the AP Score Report

 • Reminder: Results used for career
   exploration, not job selection or selection into
   job training programs
 • Matches examinee profile to occupational
 • Uses job zones in the matching process

AP Example Profile (1)

AP Example Profile (2)

                     FD and MD are
                     based on number
                     of attempts, not
                     number correct
                     out of the total

AP Example Profile (3)
                   Five different
                 profiles per person
                    by Job Zone

                 Job Zones
Job Zone 1 - Little or No Preparation Needed
Overall Experience - No           Job Training - A few days
previous work-related skill,      to a few months.
knowledge, or experience is
needed for these occupations.
For example, a person can         Examples
become a general office clerk
                                  • Bus drivers
even if he/she has never worked
in an office before.              • General office clerks
                                  • Home health aides
Education - May require           • Waiters/Waitresses
high school diploma or GED.
                 Job Zones
 Job Zone 2 - Some Preparation Needed
Overall Experience -         Job Training - A few
Some previous work-          months to a year working
related skill, knowledge, or with experienced
experience may be helpful    employees.
in these occupations, but is
usually not needed.
Education - May require high
school diploma and may       • Dry wall installers
require some vocational      • Fire inspectors
training. In some cases, an  • Flight attendants
associate’s or bachelor’s    • Pharmacy technicians
degree could be needed.
                             • Tellers              37
                     Job Zones
Job Zone 3 - Medium Preparation Needed
                               Job Training - One or two
Overall Experience -
                               years of training with both on-
Previous work-related skill,
knowledge, or experience is the job experience and
                               informal training with
needed for these
                               experienced workers.
Education - Most                Examples
occupations in this zone        • Dental assistants
require training in vocational • Electricians
schools, related on-the-job
                                • Fish and game wardens
experience, or an associate’s
degree. Some may require a • Legal secretaries
bachelor’s degree.                                        38
                   Job Zones
Job Zone 4 - Considerable Preparation Needed
Overall Experience - A       Job Training - Several years
minimum of two to four       of work-related experience,
years of work-related skill, on-the-job training, and/or
knowledge, or experience vocational training.
is needed for these
Education - Most require     • Accountants
a four-year bachelor’s
                             • Chefs and head cooks
degree, but some do not.
                             • Computer programmers
                             • Historians
                             • Police detectives         39
                  Job Zones
Job Zone 5 - Extensive Preparation Needed
Overall Experience -         Job Training - Most of these
Extensive work-related       occupations assume the
skill, knowledge, or         person already has the
experience is needed for     required skills, knowledge,
these occupations. Many      work-related experience,
require more than five       and/or training.
years of experience.
Education - A bachelor’s     Examples
degree is the minimum        • Lawyers
formal education required.   • Instrumental musicians
However, most also           • Physicists/Surgeons
require graduate school.
                             • Counseling psychologists   40
   Further Exploration
Use O*NET Online to discover more
 about the occupations of interest

Great Support Website

  Additional Support Materials
• Online Self-Assessment Quiz !
• Downloadable Lunch and Learn Training Packet
  Includes PowerPoint Slides, FAQs, Administrator
  Checklist, and Scenarios for Group Discussion
• Additional webinars on How to Administer the AP,
  Interpreting the AP Results, Whole Person
  Assessment, and How to Download and Use the
  Interest Profiler and Work Importance Locator, and

What are your questions?

        Help !!!


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