Fitness Trainer Program NSCA cPT Certification Exam Review XI Spring 2010 1) What is Systolic Blood Pressure (1 pt): 2) What is Diastolic Blood Pressure (1 pt): 3) Blood pressure is typically assessed using the principle of (1 pt): a) Indirect Specificity b) Korotkoff Sounds c) Aneroid Manometer d) Indirect Ausculation 4) The difference between systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure is called (1 pt): e) Pulse Pressure f) Hypertension g) Double Product h) Mean Arterial Pressure 5) List two reasons how a fitness trainer would use a clients body composition results? (2 pts) 6) Body Mass Index (BMI) is often used to determine obesity rates and fitness in our society. List two of the major problems when using BMI as an indicator of fitness. (2 pts) 7) List the sites needed for a Jackson-Pollock 7-site skinfold measurement using correct anatomical terminology (1/2 pt each for 3 ½ pts). 8) Please explain the basic principle of body density. How do you get body density with skinfolds? How do you get body density with underwater weighing and air displacement? (2 ½ pts) 9) You tested your client’s body composition at 24%. He weighs 208 lbs and wants to lose weight until he is 15% body fat. What would his target weight be if he were to lose only fat in the process of getting to 15%? (2) Fat weight = 208 * .24 = 50 lbs LBM = 208-50 = 158 lbs Target weight = 158 / (1-.15) = 158 / .85 = 186 lbs 10) Given the following data from your female client: Weight = 165 lbs; Height = 65 in; Age = 35; SKF’s Tricep = 10; Subscapular = 14; MidAxillary = 14; Pectoralis = 12 SupraIlliac = 20; Abdominal = 25; Thigh = 35, (show work for credit). See the chart in the ACSM Health-Related Physical Fitness Assessment Manual for the formulas for these calculations!!! a) What is your client’s BMI? (1 pt) BMI = 27.5 b) What is your client’s body density using the Jackson/Pollock 3-site SKF formula? (2 pts) BD= 1.039728 c) What is your client’s 3-site body fat percent using the Siri equation? (1 pt) BF %= 26.09 d) What is your client’s body density using the Jackson/Pollock 7-site SKF formula? (2 pts) BD= 1.0409119 e) What is your client’s 7-site body fat percent using the Brozek equation? (1 pts) BF %= 24.84 e) Compare and contrast the results from a, c, & e. What is your interpretation of the results? (2 pts).