HEALTH CHIRO AND SOMA 2011

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HEALTH CHIRO AND SOMA 2011 Powered By Docstoc
					  FACULTY of
HEALTH SCIENCE

  DEPARTMENT
       of
CHIROPRACTIC and
  SOMATOLOGY

Handbook for 2011
CONTENTS

                                                                                                  Page

STAFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1

MISSION STATEMENT: CHIROPRACTIC PROGRAMME . . . .                                                  2
MISSION STATEMENT: SOMATOLOGY PROGRAMME . . . . . .                                                3

RULES FOR THE CHIROPRACTIC PROGRAMME . . . . . . . . .                                             4

RULES FOR QUALIFICATIONS
N. Dip: Chiropractic (Foundation) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    8
N. Dip: Chiropractic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        16
B. Tech: Chiropractic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         21
M. Tech: Chiropractic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          23

SYLLABI IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             26

RULES FOR THE SOMATOLOGY PROGRAMME. . . . . . . . . . .                                           39

RULES FOR QUALIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        43
N. Dip: Somatology (Foundation)
N. Dip: Somatology
B. Tech: Somatology7

SYLLABI IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             46




                        IMPORTANT NOTICE
    The departmental rules in this handbook must be read in conjunction with
              the Durban University of Technology's General Rules
          DEPARTMENT OF CHIROPRACTIC AND SOMATOLOGY

                            MISSION STATEMENT
          Excellence in the development of manual therapies in the
       prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of neuromuscular and
    skeletal conditions in order to promote health and patient well-being.




STAFF

Head of Department:       Dr C Korporaal, M.Tech Chiropractic (TN), CCFC (TN),
                          CCSP (USA), ICSSD (FICS).
Secretary:                Miss K Pillay, B.Tech Comm.Admin. (MLS)

CHIROPRACTIC PROGRAMME:

Senior Lecturers:         Dr A Docrat, M.Tech Chiropractic (TN), CCFC (TN);
                          M.Med Sci (SM)
                          Dr J Shaik, M.Tech Chiropractic (TN); M.Med Sci (SM)
                          Dr L Wilson, M.Tech Chiropractic (TN), CCEP

Lecturers:                Dr Z Ndlovu, M.Tech: Chiropractic
                          Dr G Talmage, M.Tech Chiropractic (DUT)

Clinic Administrator:     Vacant

Day Clinic Secretaries:   Mrs. L Twiggs
                          Mrs. P van den Berg

SOMATOLOGY PROGRAMME:

Lecturers:                Mrs D Borg, NHDip, BT (TN); Med (Higher Education)
                          Ms S. Fynn, B.Tech: Somatology (DUT); MSocSci
                          (Health Promotion)
                          Mrs N. Mbutho, B.Tech : Somatology (DUT), MPH
                          Ms S.Z.S. Nkwanyana, B.Tech : Somatology (DUT)

Clinic Manager:           Mrs K Rammanhor, B.Tech: Somatology (DUT)

Administrative Assistant: Miss J Dlamini (Dip: Office Management and
                          Technology)

General Assistant:        Mrs M. Dladla


                                      -1-
CHIROPRACTIC PROGRAMME
MISSION STATEMENT

The vocational emphasis is upon the education and training of chiropractors that
are to serve as primary contact practitioners within the orthodox health care
system. Students are trained to competently serve all sections of the South
African population and are kept abreast of modern developments within the
profession through continuing education. The student is required to conduct
research projects.

The programme also aims to improve and encourage better relations with all other
registered health disciplines.

The aim of the programme is to produce graduates in chiropractic who will
demonstrate:
(a) Diagnostic and professional management knowledge and skills characteristic
    of members of the chiropractic profession;
(b) Primary contact practitioner skills with competence in differential diagnosis;
(c) Sensitivity and responsiveness to the health-care needs of the local
    community;
(d) Expertise in the identification and management of disorders of the
    neuromusculo-skeletal system and other conditions amenable to chiropractic
    care;
(e) Knowledge and skills in a ”Wellness” (primary health care) approach to patient
    care;
(f) An awareness of their professional scope of practice and of their limitations;
(g) Skills of effective functioning in the referral network of the national health care
    system;
(h) An ability as self-directed learners to maintain an advanced knowledge base by
    utilising continuing education opportunities and
(I) An attitude whereby the welfare of the patient in all patient/practitioner
    interactions is of the highest concern.




                                          -2-
SOMATOLOGY PROGRAMME
MISSION STATEMENT

In keeping with the departmental mission and with the philosophy and goals of this
University, the programme aims to:

1. Educate and train ongoing skillful, ethical, emphathetic and enquiring
   somatologists;
2. Promote and represent their profession locally, nationally and internationally;
3. Act as role models by encouraging and promoting education, research,
   specialized skills, resources and community development within their scope
   of practice;
4. Develop the profession to be equal participants in the wider health
   community;

The above are critical in developing the need for somatologist's to be recognized
as having a primary contact function and to develop the need to analyse and adapt
their position within the health care community.


In order to fulfill the mission and goals the programme believes that, for both
student and staff:

1. Individual potential needs to be encouraged and nurtured, through promoting
   individual support and encouragement as well as through developmental
   programmes;
2. They need to recognize that growth and development is dynamic and stressful;
3. Recognizing social and cultural changes within the student body and the wider
   community which they represent involves constant upgrading, development
   and philosophical changes in the curricula;
4. The programme needs to develop entrepreneurial, managerial, financial and
   social skills;
5. Utilization of all available resources and programmes are necessary to fulfill
   the above;
6. Maintenance and development of standards and qualifications is vital;
7. Liaison, networking and involvement with the community and employer bodies
   must be fostered and encouraged and
7. Wider international networks need to be developed to fulfill educational,
   research and employment opportunities.
RULES for the CHIROPRACTIC PROGRAMME

LX1   INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMMES OFFERED IN THE DEPARTMENT
      The following qualifications are offered:
         N.Dip: Chiropractic (Foundation)
         N.Dip: Chiropractic
         B.Tech: Chiropractic
         M.Tech: Chiropractic
      The N.Dip, B.Tech and M.Tech will be awarded only on the successful
      completion of the M.Tech programme. This is in accordance with the
      requirements for registration with the Allied Health Professions Council of
      South Africa.
      Amended w.e.f. 2006/05

LX2   DEFINITIONS (Unless the context indicates otherwise)
      “Council” means The Allied Health Professions Council of South Africa.
      “CASA” means the Chiropractic Association of South Africa.
      “Department” means Department of Chiropractic at this Institution.
      “Senate” means the Senate of the Durban University of Technology.

LX3   REGISTRATION
      All registered students within the Department of Chiropractic are required
      to register as student chiropractors with the Council in terms of the
      Chiropractors, Homoeopaths and Allied Health Service Professions
      Interim Council of South Africa. As this is a constituted requirement of Act
      63 of 1982 (as amended), with particular reference to Regulations R629,
      Government Gazette No 11221 of 31 March 1988. Consequences of
      failure to register could include non-registration as a practitioner once the
      M.Tech:Chiropractic qualification is obtained.
      Amended w.e.f. 2006/05

LX4   SELECTION
      A committee appointed by the Department of Chiropractic, comprising
      members of the Department, the Council, the CASA and the Chiropractic
      student body, will do selection of first year students. All the above
      stakeholders will be invited to sit on the committee.




                                       -4-
        All applicants need to apply to the Central Applications Office.
                                          J
               All applications that fully meet the requirements of
      application submission, will be required to undergo an assessment
                        as part of the selection procedure.
                                          J
             All applicants that complete the required assessment
                      will be required to attend an interview.
                                          J
         From the interview pool of applicants, successful applicants
                will be informed of their selection for registration.
       (Amended w.e.f. 2006/05)

LX5    WORK DONE DURING THE YEAR/SEMESTER
       1. The calculation of the year/semester mark for each subject for the
          purpose of issuing a certificate in terms of Rule G12 is indicated with
          the syllabus of each subject.
       2. In addition to the general requirements for a year/semester mark as
          stipulated in Rule G12, the requirements of G12 (2) shall include:
          (i) Adequate attendance at lectures, tutorials, practicals and clinical
                sessions. Lecturers are under no obligation to repeat learning
                sessions or provide learning materials missed as a result of
                absenteeism.
          (ii) The compulsory attendance at all functions, organized outings
                and educational tours arranged by any department in the
                programme. (Any cost involvement will be the responsibility of
                the student.)
                (Amended w.e.f. 2004/01)

LX6    CONDUCT OF STUDENT IN LABORATORY AND CLINIC
       Rules of conduct pertaining to a specific laboratory, as instituted by the
       head of a department, shall apply to all students registered for the
       particular subject. Similarly the rules pertaining to the Chiropractic Clinic
       as set out in the Clinic Manual or by official notice shall apply.

LX7    STUDENT CONDUCT AND DRESS
       Students must at all times conduct themselves as future professionals and
       dress accordingly. Students shall adhere to specific instructions by a head
       of department regarding specific attire required during practicals and clinic
       sessions.




                                        -5-
LX8    EXAMINATIONS
       1. The examination in each subject shall consist of the theory and/or
          practical and/or oral examinations as indicated with the syllabus of
          each subject published in this handbook.
       2. The calculation of the final mark shall be according to Rule G12 and
          G13 except where the rules for a particular programme state
          otherwise.

LX9    CLINICAL SUBJECTS
       Only students registered with the Department of Chiropractic may register
       for subjects offered by the department, except where such subjects are a
       part of the homoeopathic curriculum.

LX10   DISSERTATIONS
       On submitting the bound copies of their research dissertation to the
       Faculty Research Officer, students shall at the same time hand to the
       Officer an abstract for inclusion in a faculty journal.

LX11   CLINIC MANUAL
       The rules and guidelines of the Clinic Manual are binding on all persons
       referred to therein.

LX12   PROGRAMME REQUIREMENTS
       Persons applying must be over 17 years of age, physically fit and in
       possession of a senior certificate, with matriculation exemption. Subjects
       must include Mathematics, Physical Science and / or Biology.
       (Amended w.e.f. 2004/01)
       And / or where applicable:
       COMPULSORY REQUIREMENTS:
       1. Life orientation (minimum rating 4).
       2. English language either first or second language (minimum rating 4).
       3. Mathematics (not mathematical literacy) (minimum rating 4).
       ELECTIVE REQUIREMENTS:
       4. Life Sciences (minimum rating 4).
       AND / OR
       5. Physical Sciences (minimum rating 4).
       (Amended w.e.f. 2005/01)
       These requirements are in keeping with the requirements of the Allied
       Health Professions Council as per Act 63 of 1982 (as amended).



                                       -6-
       Mature age applications and applications via the recognition of prior
       learning follow the guidelines and processes as set forth in the Durban
       University of Technology rules and guidelines for the respective
       application processes.
       (Amended w.e.f. 2006/05)

LX13   APPEALS TO DEPARTMENTAL DECISION
       Students have the right to appeal any decision made by the Department of
       Chiropractic. This appeal must follow the guidelines as stipulated in the
       “Student Code of Conduct” as found in the Institution's Handbook.
       (Included w.e.f. 2004/01)




                                      -7-
RULES FOR CHIROPRACTIC QUALIFICATIONS
Rules for entry into the National Diploma: Chiropractic (Foundation
Programme)
Foundation Programme :Chiropractic 3209032
(The following rules apply w.e.f. January 2007)

LX.CF1 DEFINITIONS:
      ”Council” means The Allied Health Professions Council of South Africa.
      ”CASA” means the Chiropractic Association of South Africa.
      ”Department” means Department of Chiropractic at this Institution.
      “Senate” means the Senate of the Durban University of Technology.

LX.CF2 DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME - FOUNDATION PROGRAMME
      Minimum formal time shall be four years for the National Diploma:
      Chiropractic (Foundation).

LX.CF3 CRITERIA TO BE USED IN ADMITTING STUDENTS FOR THIS
        QUALIFICATION:
      Placement procedure:
      A committee appointed by the Department of Chiropractic, comprising
      members of the Department, the Council, the CASA and the Chiropractic
      student body, will do selection of first year students. All the above
      stakeholders will be invited to sit on the committee.
                                             J
      All applicants need to apply to the Central Applications Office
                                             J
      All applications that fully meet the requirements of application
      submission, will be required to undergo an assessment as part of the
      selection procedure.
                                             J
      All applicants that complete the required assessment will be required to
      attend an interview.
                                             J
      From the interview pool of applicants, successful applicants will be
      informed of their selection for registration.

       Selection Criteria:
       Persons applying must be over 17 years of age, physically fit and in
       possession of a senior certificate. Subjects must include Mathematics,
       Physical Science and / or Biology.
       And / or where applicable:


                                      -8-
     COMPULSORY REQUIREMENTS:
     1. Life orientation at (minimum rating 4).
     2. English language either first or second language (minimum rating 4).
     3. Mathematics (not mathematical literacy) (minimum rating 4).
     ELECTIVE REQUIREMENTS:
     4. Life Sciences (minimum rating 4).
     AND / OR
     5. Physical Sciences (minimum rating 4).
     (Amended w.e.f. 2005/01)
     The final selection will be based on the outcome of the psychometric test
     scores, interviews and submitted assignments obtained by the applicant.

LX.CF4   INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMME

     Sapse             Year        Register     Subjects                                             Hours per week
     Code              Code        Code                                                              Theory Practical

     15031119120       NDCHF1      ANTY102      Anatomy                                                 5       7
                                Anatomy I (ANTY102) changed with effect 2009/01 to
                            ANTY112 (Anatomy (Gross)), ANTY122 (Anatomy (Histology))
                            ANTY132 (Anatomy (Topographic and Radiographic Anatomy))
             Any reference to ANTY102 in the text of this document refers collectively to the three modules
     1503120120                    PHSY101      Physiology                                              3       3
     1801016120                    PHIL101      Philosophy, History & Principles                        3
     1503127120                    BIOG102      Biology I                                               3       2
     1507105120                    PHHC101      Physics I                                               3       2
                                   CHPP101      Chiropractic Principles & Practice I                    5
     1503147220        NDCHF1      ANAT202      Anatomy II                                              4       8
                                Anatomy II (ANAT202) changed with effect 2009/01 to
                                    ANAT212 (Anatomy (Gross)), ANAT222 (Anatomy (Clinical)
                                  ANAT232 (Anatomy (Topographic and Radiographic Anatomy))
                   Any reference to ANAT202 in the text of this document refers collectively to the three modules
     1503161220                    MMIC201      Medical Microbiology II                                 2       5
     150309722                     PHSI201      Physiology II                                           3       3
                                   CHPP201      Chiropractic Principles & Practice II                   6
     1504171120                    CHHC102      Chemistry I                                             2       2
     2206012120        NDCHF1      SLST101      Social Studies I                                        2
     0901062220                    EPHC201      Epidemiology I                                          3       3
     1504112220                    BCHE202      Biochemistry II                                         3       3
     0901077220                    GPAT201      General Pathology II                                    4
     0902164030        NDCHF1      AUXT301      Auxiliary Therapeutics III                              2       2
     0901079030                    DIGN301      Diagnostics III                                         6       3
     0902159030                    CHPP301      Mother module :
                                                  Chiropractic Principles & Practice III (CHPP311)      5       5
                                                  Chiropractic Principles & Practice III (CHPP321)      1       4
     0901100030                    SYPA301      Mother module :
                                                  Systemic Pathology III (SYPA311)                      8
                                                  Pharmacology(SYPA321)                                 2
     0902158220                    PPTH201      Psychopathology II                                      2

                                                    -9-
         LX.CF5         SYLLABUS OUTLINE

         YEARS OF            FOUNDATION PROGRAMME
         STUDY                  (4 YEARS MINIMUM)
         Year One                      Anatomy I                     (ANTY102)
                                        Biology I                    (BIOG101)
                                       Physics I                     (PHHC101)
                       Philosophy, History & Principles I (M1 & 2)   (PHIL111+121)
                         Chiropractic Principles and Practice I      (CHPP101)
                                      Physiology                     (PHSY101)

         Year Two                      Chemistry                     (CHHC101)
                                       Anatomy II                    (ANAT201)
                                Medical Microbiology II              (MMIC201)
                                     Physiology II                   (PHYS201)
                         Chiropractic Principles and Practice II     (CHPP201)

         Year Three                 Social Studies                   (SCLS101)
                                    Epidemiology II                  (EPHC201)
                                   General Pathology                 (GPAT201)
                                    Biochemistry II                  (BCHE201)

         Year Four                Psychopathology II                 (PSYP201)
                               Auxiliary Therapeutics III            (AUXT301)
                          Chiropractic Principles & Practice III     (CHPP301)
                                     Diagnostics III                 (DIGN301)
                                Systemic Pathology III               (SYPA301)

LX.CF6      EXAMINATIONS
            Internal examinations will be conducted by the Institution in all
            subjects.
            The nature, time and extent of each examination to be determined by
            the Institution.
            PASS REQUIREMENTS
            1. A student shall obtain a minimum of 50% in a subject to pass that
                  subject.
            2. The final mark will be made up of 60% of the examination mark
                  and 40% of the year mark.
            3. A sub-minimum of 40% shall apply to the theory component(s),
                  oral component(s), OSCE(s) and practical components of
                  examinations and the year / semester mark. This shall be read in
                  conjunction with the following rule below.
            4. For all subjects comprising more than a theory component the
                  following sub-minima apply:




                                          - 10 -
Year Mark                                      Examination Mark
Theory (test average combined)      40%        Theory papers (all papers individually)      40%
Practical (test average combined)   40%        Practical papers (all papers individually)   40%
OSCE (if applicable)                40%        OSCE (if applicable)                         40%
Viva voce (oral examination)        40%        Viva voce (oral examination)                 40%
(if applicable)                                (if applicable)
Competency (if applicable)          40%

Notwithstanding Rule above, a sub-minimum of 50% shall apply to the
examinations as well as the year marks of Auxiliary Therapy III,
Diagnostics III, and Chiropractic Principles and Practice III.
Denoted as follows:
Year Mark                                      Examination Mark
Theory (test average combined)      50%        Theory papers (all papers individually)      50%
Practical (test average combined)   50%        Practical papers (all papers individually)   50%
OSCE (if applicable)                50%        OSCE (if applicable)                         50%
Viva voce (oral examination)        50%        Viva voce (oral examination)                 50%
(if applicable)                                (if applicable)
                                               Competency (if applicable)                   50%


5. Assignment results, practical laboratory work, practical clinic work
    and projects will be taken into consideration to determine the
    year/semester mark.
6. A first-year student who fails more than 4 subjects (including
    Chiropractic Principles and Practice I) for which they are registered
    will not be allowed to re-register in the Department of Chiropractic.
7. A student who fails Chiropractic Principles and Practice I will not be
    allowed to register for any subjects in the second year of the
    foundation programme.
8. A student who fails any mainstream subject(s) in the first year of the
    foundation programme will be required to repeat that (those)
    subject(s) before commencing with subsequent mainstream
    subject(s). This is based on the prerequisites for that (those)
    subject(s) being met (as per LX.CF7 below).
9. A student shall not be allowed to register for any subject which has an
    associated clinical practical, in the foundation fourth year if he/she has
    not completed an accredited course in First Aid, as approved by the
    Head of Department in conjunction with the Head of Department of
    EMCandR, or its equivalent.
10. Any student failing a foundation fourth year subject(s) is required in
    the year in which the subject(s) are repeated to complete a continuous
    clinical practicum evaluation in Diagnostics III, Systemic Pathology III
    and Chiropractic Principles and Practice III. This continuous clinical
    practicum evaluation at minimum will constitute 4 evaluations during
    the year, one in each quarter



                                      - 11 -
       11 SPECIAL TESTS AND CONDONEMENT
          A special test may be granted by the relevant service or programme
          Head of Department, to a student who has been prevented from
          taking a test
            1. by illness on the day of the test or immediately before it, provided
                that he/she submits a medical certificate on the form prescribed
                by the Institution, on which a medical practitioner, registered by
                the Health Professions Council of South Africa, homoeopath or
                chiropractor registered with The Allied Health Professions
                Council of South Africa, specifies the nature and duration of the
                illness and that for health reasons it was impossible or
                undesirable for the student to sit for the test, and that he/she
                submits such certificate to the lecturer/s concerned on the day
                as determined by the practitioner that the student should return
                to lectures immediately following such illness; or
            2. by circumstances which in the opinion of the Head of
                Department were beyond his/her control at the time of the test
                provided that satisfactory evidence of such circumstances is
                provided. Such circumstances shall not include:
                (I) any misinterpretation by him/her of the date, time or venue
                      of the test;
                (ii) transportation difficulties.
                For the purpose of this rule “test” shall mean any written, or oral
                test or practical, set for the purposes of determining or
                contributing towards a semester or year mark for the subject,
                and shall include tests set for subjects which are evaluated by
                continuous evaluation.
          Any student who misses a test and who does not qualify for a special
          test, and any student who qualifies for a special test but fails to write it,
          shall be awarded a zero mark for the missed test.

LX.CF7 PRE AND CO-REQUISITES
      FIRST YEAR
      Pre-requisite subjects and subject(s) for which a student must register
      and write all tests and examinations, but not necessarily pass, prior to, or
      simultaneously with, the specified subject(s).




                                         - 12 -
Principle Subject          Pre-Requisite             Subjects which a Student must
                                                     complete concurrent with the principle
                                                     subject indicated
Philosophy History and                               Chiropractic Principles and Practice I
Principles I (M1)
Philosophy History and     Entry Requirements        Chiropractic Principles and Practice I
Principles I (M2)
Chiropractic Principles                              Anatomy I
and Practice I
Anatomy I (all modules)                              Physiology I
Biology I
Physiology I                                         Anatomy I (all modules)
Physics I

SECOND YEAR
Pre-requisite subjects and subject(s) for which a student must register
and write all tests and examinations, but not necessarily pass, prior to, or
simultaneously with, the specified subject(s).
Principle Subject          Pre-Requisite             Subjects which a Student must
                                                     complete concurrent with the principle
                                                     subject indicated
Chemistry I                Physics
Chiropractic Principles    Chiropractic Principles   Anatomy II (concurrent)
and Practice II            and Practice I
Anatomy II (all modules)   Anatomy I (all modules)   Physiology II
Physiology II              Physiology I              Anatomy II (all modules)
                           Anatomy I (all modules)
Medical Microbiology II




                                       - 13 -
        THIRD YEAR
        Pre-requisite subjects and subject(s) for which a student must register
        and write all tests and examinations, but not necessarily pass, prior to, or
        simultaneously with, the specified subject(s).
        Principle Subject            Pre-Requisite              Subjects which a Student must
                                                                complete concurrent with the principle
                                                                subject indicated
        Biochemistry II              Chemistry I
        General Pathology II                                    Epidemiology I
        Epidemiology I               Medical Microbiology II
        Social Studies

        FOURTH YEAR
        Pre-requisite subjects and subject(s) for which a student must register
        and write all tests and examinations, but not necessarily pass, prior to, or
        simultaneously with, the specified subject(s).

        Principle Subject            Pre-Requisite              Subjects which a Student must
                                                                complete concurrent with the principle
                                                                subject indicated
        Auxiliary Therapeutics III   Physiology II            Systemic Pathology III
                                     Anatomy II (all modules)
                                     General Pathology II
        Diagnostics III              All 1st and 2nd year       Systemic Pathology III
                                     subjects except
                                     Social Studies
        Psycho-pathology II          Social Studies I
        Chiropractic Principles      Physiology II
        and Practice III             Anatomy II (all modules)
        Systemic Pathology III       General Pathology II
                                     Anatomy II (all modules)
                                     Physiology II

LX.CF8 Syllabus Outline - Specific Contents/Curriculum of the Foundation
       Course
       All other subjects are to be found with the mainstream subject
       descriptions later in this rule book.
       Chiropractic Principles and Practice I (CHPP101)
          Topographic Anatomy Spinal - medical terminology
          Radiographic Anatomy - medical terminology
          Scientific writing
          Library module
          Communications
                                                   - 14 -
(a)    The year mark shall be made up of :
       a. average of theory tests,
(b)    The examination shall be made up of one 2 hour exam

Chiropractic Principles And Practice II (CHPP201)
   Topographic Anatomy Extremities - medical terminology
   Radiographic Anatomy - medical terminology
   Scientific writing
   Library module
   Communications
(a)     The year mark shall be made up of :
        a. average of theory tests,
(b)     The examination shall be made up of one 2 hour exam




                             - 15 -
NATIONAL DIPLOMA : CHIROPRACTIC 3309005
(Subject to approval, students will register for the N.Dip prior to the B.Tech.)

LX.CN1 DEFINITIONS
       “Department” means Department of Education.
       “Approved” means approved by the Minister of Education.
       “Council” means The Allied Health Professions Council of South Africa.
       “Minister” means Minister of Education.
       “Senate” means the Senate of the Durban University of Technology
       (Amended w.e.f. 2004/01)

LX.CN2 DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME
       Minimum formal time shall be three years. A student shall meet all the
       requirements of the programme in terms of the general policy for norms
       and standards as approved by the Minister and as stipulated by the
       Institution and the Council. Successful completion shall allow degree
       status but no degree will be awarded or issued nor will the holder be able
       to register as a chiropractor. As this is a constituted requirement of Act 63
       of 1982 (as amended). Consequences of failure to comply with this
       requirement could include non-registration as a practitioner once the
       M.Tech:Chiropractic qualification is obtained.
       Amended w.e.f. 2006/05

LX.CN3 ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS
       Persons applying must be over 17 years of age, physically fit and in
       possession of a senior certificate with matriculation exemption. Subjects
       must include Mathematics, Physical Science & / or Biology.
       (Amended w.e.f. 2003/01)

         And / or where applicable:
         COMPULSORY REQUIREMENTS:
         1. Life orientation at rating level 4.
         2. English language either first or second language at rating level 4.
         3. Mathematics (not mathematical literacy) at rating level 4.

         ELECTIVE REQUIREMENTS:
         4. Life Sciences at rating level 4.
         AND / OR
         5. Physical Sciences at rating level 4.
            Amended w.e.f. 2005/01

                                          - 16 -
        These requirements are in line with the requirements of the Allied Health
        Professions Council as per Act 63 of 1982 (as amended).
        Mature age applications and applications via the recognition of prior
        learning follow the guidelines and processes as set forth in the Durban
        University of Technology rules and guidelines for the respective
        application processes.
        (Amended w.e.f. 2006/05)

LX.CN4 INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMME
       The instructional programme shall consist of a minimum of nine (9) Level
       Five subjects, six (6) and Level Five subjects, seven (7) Level Six
       subjects, five (5).

        Sapse         Year       Register      Subjects                                             Hours per week
        Code          Code       Code                                                               Theory Practical

        1503119120    NDCHR1 ANTY102           Anatomy I                                              5        8
                                Anatomy I (ANTY102) changed with effect 2009/01 to
                           ANTY112 (Anatomy (Gross)), ANTY122 (Anatomy (Histology))
                           ANTY132 (Anatomy (Topographic and Radiographic Anatomy))
            Any reference to ANTY102 in the text of this document refers collectively to the three modules

        1503120120           PHSY101           Physiology I                                           4        4
        1801016120           PHIL101           Philosophy, History & Principles I                     4
        1503127120           BIOG102           Biology                                                4        4
        1504171120           CHHC102           Chemistry I                                            3        4
        1507105120           PHHC101           Physics I                                              4        2
        1503147220    NDCHR1 ANAT202           Anatomy II                                             2        8
                               Anatomy II (ANAT202) changed with effect 2009/01 to
                                  ANAT212 (Anatomy (Gross)), ANAT222 (Anatomy (Clinical)
                                ANAT232 (Anatomy (Topographic and Radiographic Anatomy))
                 Any reference to ANAT202 in the text of this document refers collectively to the three modules

        1504112220           BCHE202           Biochemistry II                                        3        3
        0901062220           EPHC201           Epidemiology I                                         3        3
        0901077220           GPAT201           General Pathology II                                   4
        1503161220           MMIC201           Medical Microbiology II                                2        5
        150309722            PHSI201           Physiology II                                          3        3
        2206012120           SLST101           Social Studies I                                       2
        0902164030    NDCHR1 AUXT301           Auxiliary Therapeutics III                             2        2
        0901079030           DIGN301           Diagnostics III                                        3        3
        0902158220           PPTH201           Psychopathology II                                     2
        0902159030           CHPP301           Mother module :
                                                 Chiropractic Principles & Practice III (CHPP311)     5        5
                                                 Chiropractic Principles & Practice III (CHPP321)     1        4
        0901100030               SYPA301       Mother module :
                                                Systemic Pathology III (SYPA311)                               8
                                                Pharmacology(SYPA321)                                          2

        (Amended w.e.f. 2004/01)

                                                   - 17 -
LX.CN5 EXAMINATIONS
       Internal examinations will be conducted by the Institution in all subjects.
       The nature, time and extent of each examination to be determined by the
       Institution.

LX.CN6 PASS REQUIREMENTS
       1. A student shall obtain a minimum of 50% in a subject to pass that
          subject.
       2. The final mark will be made up of 60% of the examination mark and
          40% of the year mark.
       3. A sub-minimum of 40 % shall apply to the theory component(s), oral
          component(s), OSCE(s) and practical components of examinations
          and the year / semester mark. This shall be read in conjunction with
          LX.CN6(4) below.
       4. For all subjects comprising more than a theory component the
          following sub-minima apply:
         Year Mark                                    Examination Mark
         Theory (test average combined)      40%      Theory papers (all papers individually)       40%
         Practical (test average combined)   40%      Practical papers (all papers individually)    40%
         OSCE (if applicable)                40%      OSCE (if applicable)                          40%
         Viva voce (oral examination)        40%      Viva voce (oral examination)                  40%
         (if applicable)                              (if applicable)
                                                      Competency (if applicable)                    40%

         Notwithstanding Rule LX.CN6.3 above, a sub-minimum of 50% shall
         apply to the examinations as well as the year marks of Auxiliary Therapy
         III, Diagnostics III, and Chiropractic Principles and Practice III.
         Denoted as follows:
         Year Mark                                    Examination Mark
         Theory (test average combined)      50%      Theory papers (all papers individually)      50%
         Practical (test average combined)   50%      Practical papers (all papers individually)   50%
         OSCE (if applicable)                50%      OSCE (if applicable)                         50%
         Viva voce (oral examination)        50%      Viva voce (oral examination)                 50%
         (if applicable)                              (if applicable)
                                                      Competency (if applicable)                   50%


         5. Assignment results, practical laboratory work, practical clinic work
            and projects will be taken into consideration to determine the
            year/semester mark.
         6. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05.
         7. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05.
         8. A first-year student who fails 3 or more of the subjects for which she /
            he is registered with a final mark of less than 40% in each of the
            subjects, will not be permitted to re-register / register in the
            Department of Chiropractic irrespective of whether the subjects
            where completed whilst registered with the Department of

                                             - 18 -
    Chiropractic or the Department of Homeopathy. Notwithstanding
    this, de-registration from any subject is subject to the provisions of
    Rule G6.
9. A student shall not be allowed to register for any subject which has
    an associated clinical practical, in the third year if he/she has not
    completed an accredited course in First Aid, as approved by the
    Head of Department in conjunction with the Head of Department of
    EMC&R, or its equivalent.
10. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05.
11. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05.
12. Any student failing a third year subject(s), is required in the year in
    which the subject(s) are repeated to complete a continuous clinical
    practicum evaluation in Diagnostics III, Systemic Pathology III and
    Chiropractic Principles and Practice III. This continuous clinical
    practicum evaluation at minimum will constitute 4 evaluations during
    the year, one in each quarter.
    (Amended w.e.f. 2006/05)
13. SPECIAL TESTS AND CONDONEMENTS
    A special test may be granted by the relevant service or programme
    Head of Department, to a student who has been prevented from
    taking a test
    1. by illness on the day of the test or immediately before it, provided
        that he/she submits a medical certificate on the form prescribed
        by the Institution, on which a medical practitioner, registered by
        the Health Professions Council of South Africa, homoeopath or
        chiropractor registered with The Allied Health Professions
        Council of South Africa, specifies the nature and duration of the
        illness and that for health reasons it was impossible or
        undesirable for the student to sit for the test, and that he/she
        submits such certificate to the lecturer/s concerned on the day
        as determined by the practitioner that the student should return
        to lectures immediately following such illness; or
    2. by circumstances which in the opinion of the Head of
        Department were beyond his/her control at the time of the test
        provided that satisfactory evidence of such circumstances is
        provided. Such circumstances shall not include:
        (I) any misinterpretation by him/her of the date, time or venue
              of the test;
        (ii) transportation difficulties.
        For the purpose of this rule ”test” shall mean any written, or oral
        test or practical, set for the purposes of determining or
        contributing towards a semester or year mark for the subject,
        and shall include tests set for subjects which are evaluated by
        continuous evaluation.

                               - 19 -
       Any student who misses a test and who does not qualify for a
        special test, and any student who qualifies for a special test but
        fails to write it, shall be awarded a zero mark for the missed
        test.
14. Pre-requisite and co-requisite subjects.
    (Amended Rules LX.CN6,3,8,12 and 13 w.e.f. 2003/01)

SECOND YEAR
Pre-requisite subjects and subject(s) for which a student must register
and write all tests and examinations, but not necessarily pass, prior to, or
simultaneously with, the specified subject(s).

Principle Subject          Pre-Requisite             Subjects which a student
                                                     must complete prior to / concurrent
                                                     with the principle subject indicated
Biochemistry II            Chemistry I               Physiology II
                                                     Physiology I
                                                     Biology I
General Pathology II       Biology I                 Physiology II
                           Anatomy I (all modules)   Medical Microbiology II
                           Physiology I              Epidemiology II
Epidemiology I             Biology I                 Microbiology II
Physiology II              Biology I                 Biochemistry II
                           Physiology I              General Pathology II
                           Chemistry I
                           Physics I
Anatomy II (all modules)   Anatomy I (all modules)
Amended w.e.f. 2006/05




                                          - 20 -
         THIRD YEAR
         Pre-requisite subjects and subject(s) for which a student must register
         and write all tests and examinations, but not necessarily pass, prior to, or
         simultaneously with, the specified subject(s)
         Subject                   Pre-Requisite              Subjects which a student must
                                                              complete prior to / concurrent
                                                              with the principle subject indicated
         Auxiliary Therapeutics    Physiology II              Systemic Pathology III
                                   Anatomy II
                                   General Pathology II
         Diagnostics III           All 1st & 2nd year         Systemic Pathology III (all modules)
                                   subjects except
                                   Social Studies I
         Psycho-pathology II       Social Studies I
         Chiropractic Principles   Physiology II
         and Practice III          Anatomy II (all modules)
                                   General Pathology II
         Systemic Pathology III    General Pathology II
         (all modules)             Anatomy II (all modules)
                                   Physiology II
         Amended w.e.f. 2006/05

LX.CN7 SYLLABI
       The syllabus for each subject indicated in the instructional programme
       above is published at the end of this handbook in alphabetical order.

BACHELOR DEGREE IN TECHNOLOGY: CHIROPRACTIC 3309005

LX.CH1      DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME
            Minimum formal time shall be one year. A student shall meet all the
            requirements of the programme in terms of the general policy for
            norms and standards as approved by the Minister and as stipulated by
            the Institution and the Council. Successful completion shall allow
            degree status but no degree will be awarded or issued nor will the
            holder be able to register as a chiropractor. As this is a constituted
            requirement of Act 63 of 1982 (as amended). Consequences of failure
            to comply with this requirement could include non-registration as a
            practitioner once the M.Tech:Chiropractic qualification is obtained.
            Amended w.e.f. 2006/05

LX.CH2 ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS
       A N.Dip:Chiropractic completed in the year preceding admission into the
       B.Tech:Chiropractic.

                                                - 21 -
         These requirements are in line with the requirements of the Allied Health
         Professions Council as per Act 63 of 1982 (as amended).
         Mature age applications and applications via the recognition of prior
         learning follow the guidelines and processes as set forth in the Durban
         University of Technology rules and guidelines for the respective
         application processes.
         Amended w.e.f. 2006/05

LX.CH3     INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMME
           Sapse         Year       Register    Subjects                                      Periods per week
           Code          Code       Code                                                     Theory Practical

           0901080060 BTCHR1 DIGN401            Diagnostics IV                                   4           4
           0902160060        CBKI402            Clinical Biomechanics and Kinesiology IV         2           2
           0902162060        CLCH401            Clinical Chiropractic IV                         6           3
           0902170060        CHPP401            Chiropractic Principles and Practice IV          5           2
           0902163060        RDLG401            Radiology IV                                     6
           1503084120        RMCH102            Research Methods and Techniques I                2



LX.CH4 EXAMINATIONS
       1. Internal examinations will be conducted by the Institution in all
          subjects.
       2. The nature, time and extent of each examination to be determined by
          the Institution.

LX.CH5 PASS REQUIREMENTS
       1. A student shall obtain a minimum of 50% in a subject to pass that
          subject.
       2. The final mark will be made up of 50% of the examination mark and
          50% of the year semester mark.
          Amended w.e.f. 2006/05
       3. A sub-minimum of 50% shall apply to the theory component, oral
          component, OSCE and practical components of the examinations
          and the year / semester mark.
          For all subjects comprising more than a theory component the
          following sub-minima apply:
            Year Mark                                           Examination Mark
            Theory (test average combined)                50%   Theory papers (all papers individually)      50%
            Practical (test average combined)             50%   Practical papers (all papers individually)   50%
            OSCE (if applicable)                          50%   OSCE (if applicable)                         50%
            Viva voce (oral examination)                  50%   Viva voce (oral examination)                 50%
            (if applicable)                                     (if applicable)
                                                                Competency (if applicable)                   50%
         4. Class tests, practical laboratory work, practical clinic work and
            projects will be taken into consideration to determine the
            year/semester mark.
                                                 - 22 -
         5. Any student failing a fourth year subject(s), is required in the year in
            which the subject(s) are repeated to complete a continuous clinical
            practicum evaluation in Diagnostics IV, Clinical Chiropractic IV,
            Chiropractic Principles and Practice IV and Clinical Biomechanics
            and Kinesiology IV. This continuous clinical practicum evaluation at
            minimum will constitute 4 evaluations during the year, one in each
            quarter.
         6. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05
         7. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05
            (Rule LX.CH3.3 amended w.e.f. 2003/01)

LX.CH6 SYLLABI
       The syllabus for each subject indicated in the instructional programme
       above is published at the end of this handbook in alphabetical order.



MASTER'S DEGREE IN TECHNOLOGY: CHIROPRACTIC 3609004

LX.CM1     DEFINITIONS
           “Department” means Department of Education.
           “Approved” means approved by the Minister of Education.
           “Council” means The Allied Health Professions Council of South
           Africa.
           “Institution” means this Institution.
           “Minister” means Minister of Education.
           “Approved clinic/practice” means a clinic or practice approved by the
           Council as a clinic or practice for use by students in respect of their
           qualification.
         (Amended w.e.f.2004/01)

LX.CM2     DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME
           The minimum formal time is one year.
           A student is required to meet the following:
           - Rule G24(2)
           Completion of the Masters Degree will allow the student to register
           with the AHPCSA Council as an intern.
           (Amended w.e.f. 2009/01)

LX.CM3     ADMISSION REQUIREMENT
           B.Tech: Chiropractic, obtained in the year preceding admission to the
           M. Tech: Chiropractic.
           (Amended w.e.f. 2004/01)
                                        - 23 -
LX.CM4   INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMME
         Sapse        Year         Register    Subjects                                  Periods per week
         Code         Code         Code                                                  Theory Practical

         0902000070 MTCHR1         CBKI501    Clinical Biomechanics Kinesiology V            4             2
         0902001070                CLCH501    Clinical Chiropractic V                        5            15
         0902002070                CHPP501    Chiropractic Principles and Practice V         1            3
         0904008081                RPLX512    Research Project and Dissertation            (10)
         1308000070                PMJU501    Practice Management & Jurisprudence V         2


LX.CM5   EXAMINATIONS
          1. All examinations will be internal examinations.
          2. The nature, extent and time of all examinations to be determined
             by the Institution.

LX.CM6   PASS REQUIREMENTS
         1. A student shall obtain a minimum of 50% in a subject to pass that
             subject.
         2. Any student failing a fifth year subject(s) is required in the year in
             which the subject(s) are repeated to complete a continuous
             clinical practicum evaluation in Clinical Chiropractic V,
             Chiropractic Principles and Practice V and Clinical
             Biomechanics and Kinesiology V. This continuous clinical
             practicum evaluation at minimum will constitute 4 evaluations
             during the year, one in each quarter.
         3. The final mark will be made up of 50% of the examination mark
             and 50% of the year/semester mark.
         4. A sub-minimum of 50% shall apply to the theory component, oral
             component, practical and practical components of the
             examinations and the year / semester marks. For all subjects
             comprising more than a theory component the following sub-
             minima apply:
          Year Mark                                          Examination Mark
          Theory (test average combined)               50%   Theory papers (all papers individually)      50%
          Practical (test average combined)            50%   Practical papers (all papers individually)   50%
          OSCE (if applicable)                         50%   OSCE (if applicable)                         50%
          Viva voce (oral examination)                 50%   Viva voce (oral examination)
          (if applicable)                              50%   (if applicable)                              50%
                                                             Competency (if applicable)                   50%

          5. Class tests, practical laboratory work, practical clinic work and
             projects will be taken into consideration to determine the
             year/semester mark.
          6. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05
          7. Deleted w.e.f. 2006/05
          8. Notwithstanding Rule G12(10) a year/semester mark obtained

                                              - 24 -
for any subject is only valid for the main examination in the year/
semester in which a student is registered.
(Rule LX.CM6.2,4 amended w.e.f. 2003/01)
(Rule LX.CM6.6,8 amended w.e.f. 2004/01)




                       - 25 -
LX.CM7         SYLLABI
               The syllabus for each subject indicated in the instructional programme
               above is published below in alphabetical order.

ANATOMY I: 1503119120 (NDCHR1)

                                          Anatomy I (ANTY102)

                                   ANTY112 (Anatomy (Gross))
                                 ANTY122 (Anatomy (Histology))
                     ANTY132 (Anatomy (Topographic and Radiographic Anatomy))

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
               The average of 3 theory tests,
               2 practical tests and 1 oral - 100%
     (b) The examination shall consist of two 3-hour theory papers, one practical examination and one oral
         examination.
2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Introduction to anatomy
     2. How to dissect
     3. Anatomical and medical terminology
     4. Histology
     5. Thorax
     6. Abdomen
     7. Pelvis/perineum
     8. Radiological anatomy
     9. Topographical Anatomy
     10. Static palpation

ANATOMY II 1503147220 (NDCHR1)

                                         Anatomy II (ANAT202)

                                   ANAT212 (Anatomy (Gross))
                                   ANAT222 (Anatomy (Clinical))
                     ANAT232 (Anatomy (Topographic and Radiographic Anatomy))

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         The average of 3 theory tests,
         2 practical tests and 1 oral - 100%
     (b) The examination shall consist of two 3-hour theory papers, one practical examination and one oral
         examination.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Neuro-anatomy
     2. Head and neck
     3. Back
     4. Upper limb
     5. Lower limb
                                                   - 26 -
     6.   Histology
     7.   Radiological anatomy
     8.   Topographical Anatomy
     9.   Motion palpation

AUXILIARY THERAPEUTICS III 0902164030 (NDCHR1)
1. YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
    (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
        (i) Average of theory tests and assignment results              60%
        (ii) Average of practical tests                                 40%
    (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and one 30-minute practical.
    (c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Physiological therapeutics and their application in practice
     2. Pain mechanisms
     3. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (tens)
     4. Thermotherapy and Cryotherapy
     6. Low frequency currents
     7. Actinotherapy
     8. Medium frequency currents
     9. Cold (soft) laser
     10. Massage
     11. Meridian therapy
     12. Stress management
     13. Hydrotherapy

BIOCHEMISTRY II 1504112220 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory tests average of two 2-hour tests                   67%
         (ii) Practical mark based on average                           33%
              -    practical mark                                       50%
              -    practical tests                                      50%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Amino acids and peptides
     2. Proteins
     3. Haemoglobin
     4. Enzymes
     5. Biological oxidation
     6. Carbohydrates
     7. Lipids
     8. Membranes
     9. Metabolism of nucleotides and nucleic acids
     10. DNA
     11. RNA
     12. Protein synthesis and the genetic code
     13. Amino acid metabolism
     14. Nutrition
                                                     - 27 -
BIOLOGY I 1503127120 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (I) Theory tests average of three 2-hour tests             75%
         (ii) Practical mark based on:                              25%
              -    average practical mark                           50%
              -    practical test                                   50%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. The scope of biology
     2. Characteristics of cells
     3. Multicellular organisation
     4. Energy transformation and nutrient procurement
     5. Gaseous exchange
     6. Internal transport
     7. Regulation of body fluids
     8. Hormonal control
     9. Nervous control, sensory reception and effectors
     10. Cellular reproduction and inheritance
     11. Reproduction and development
     12. Evolution
     13. Ecology
     14. Origin of life, viruses and monera
     15. The Protistan Kingdom
     16. The Plant Kingdom
     17. The Fungal Kingdom
     18. The Animal Kingdom

CHEMISTRY I 1504171120 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory tests - 4 tests - average of best 3             50%
         (ii) Practical mark based on - average of
              2 theory of practical tests            - 25%
              2 practical tests                      - 25%          50%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Matter and energy
     2. Chemical equations and stoichiometry
     3. Solutions
     4. Acids, bases and salts
     5. Chemical reactions
     6. Chemical equilibrium
     7. Eletrochemistry and Redox theory,
     8. Chemistry of selected elements (H, N, S)
     9. Organic chemistry


                                                   - 28 -
CHIROPRACTIC PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE III 0902159030 (NDCHR1)

A.   MODULE I (CHPP311)
     1. YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
        The year mark shall be made up of:
             (i) Theory tests - average of tests and assignments        60%
             (ii) Practical mark - average of tests                     40%
        The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and one 30-minute practical.
        A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

     2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
          3. The wellness and disease paradigms in patient management
          4. Chiropractic and osteopathic theories
          5. Clinical anatomy of the lumbar spine
          6. Static palpation of the spine and pelvis. (Review)
          7. Introduction to spinal and pelvic kinematics
          8. Motion palpation of the spine and sacro-iliac joint. (Review)
          9. Static joint challenge, joint play & end-joint analysis of the spine. (Review)
          10. The manipulable lesion
          11. Types, characteristics and effects of manipulation
          12. Manipulation indications, contra-indications & complications
          13. Basic adjusting skills (impulse, body-drop, recoil)
          14. Posture and Gait
          15. An introduction to the philosophy of science

B.   MODULE II (CHPP321)
     1. YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
        Continuous assessment

     2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
          1. Radiographic principles
             1.1 Introduction to radiography
             1.2 Fundamental electricity
             1.3 X-Ray machine circuitry
             1.4 X-Rays and other radiations
             1.5 Preventive maintenance
             1.6 Radiographic principles
             1.7 Film processing
             1.8 Principles of radiographic quality
             1.9 Principles of CT, MRI and bone scan imaging
          2 Patient positioning
          3. Introduction to radiological principles
             3.1 Normal anatomy and variants.

The student must achieve at least 50% in each module in order to pass the subject.




                                                      - 29 -
CHIROPRACTIC PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE IV 0902170060 (BTCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) The average of theory tests and assignment results          40%
         (ii) Average of practical tests                                 60%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and one 30-minute practical.
     (c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

2.   THEORY
     1. The sociology of chiropractic.
     2. Hallmarks of a profession.
     3. Epidemiology and demography of chiropractic patients.
     4. The scientific evidence of the effectiveness of manipulation/adjustments.
     5. Clinical trials research methodology.
     6. Risk factors for low back pain.
     7. Prevention of low back pain.
     8. Factors affecting the duration of work loss in low back pain sufferers.
     9. Worker's compensation studies in terms of spinal disorders.
     10. Professional associations and statutory councils.
     11. “Chiropractic Philosophy” - what is it?
     12. Spinal rehabilitation.
     13. Basic & clinical nutrition

3.    PRACTICAL
     1. Adjusting and mobilisation techniques of the spine, pelvis and ribcage.
     2. Abbreviation key.
     3. Review and refinement of motion palpation of the spinal and sacro-iliac joints.
     4. Review and refinement of basic adjusting skills - cervical, thoracic, lumbar and pelvic.
     5. Soft tissue techniques.
     6. Flexion/distraction technique.
     7. ”Drop” table technique.
     8. Biomechanical blocking
     9. Spinal rehabilitation

CHIROPRACTIC PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE V 0902002070 (MTCHR1)

1. YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
(a) The year mark shall be made up of:
(i) The average of theory and practical tests and assignment results      100%
    (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and one 30-minute practical.
(c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Extravertebral adjustment techniques:
        1.1 Temporomandibular joint.
        1.2 Shoulder girdle and upper extremity.
        1.3 Hip joint.
        1.4 Lower extremity.
        1.5 Soft tissue techniques.
        1.6 Osteopathic techniques
             1.6.1      Articulatory technique
                                                      - 30 -
               1.6.2      Muscle energy technique
               1.6.3      Strain - counter strain technique

CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS AND KINESIOLOGY IV 0902160060 (BTCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Average of theory tests and assignment results              70%
         (ii) Practical work based on an average of tests                30%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and one 30-minute
         practical.
     (c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     The emphasis in biomechanics will be on kinematics with only elementary kinetics.
     1. Introduction to biomechanics and kinesiology.
     2. Biomechanical properties of bone, collagen and muscles.
     3. Biomechanics of the vertebrae, inter-vertebral discs, spinal ligaments and spinal muscles.
     4. Biomechanics of the osseous pelvis and sacro-iliac joint.
     5. Biomechanics of the central and peripheral nervous systems.
     6. Biomechanics of scoliosis.
     7. Biomechanics of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spines.
     8. Biomechanics of the rib-cage.
     9. Biomechanics of spinal trauma and stress.
     10. Biomechanics of instability.
     11. Biomechanics of spinal manipulation.
     12. Principles of exercise therapy and rehabilitation.
     13. Overload principle
     14. Myofascial pain syndromes - spine-related.

CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS AND KINESIOLOGY V 0902000070 (MTCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory mark based on an average of tests                               70%
         (ii) The practical (radiology) mark will be based on an average of tests   30%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and one 30-minute practical (Radiology)
     (c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

2.   THEORY
     1. Biomechanics of the extremities and TMJ
     2. Pathologies affecting the extremities and TMJ
     3. Radiological changes in problems of the extremities and TMJ
     4. Clinical presentation and patient management in extremity and TMJ problems.

CLINICAL CHIROPRACTIC IV 0902162060 (BTCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) The average of theory tests                                 70%
         (ii) The average of practical tests                             30%

                                                     - 31 -
     (b) The examination shall consist of two 2-hour
         theory papers (P1 = 42%, P2=28%)                                70%
         and one 30-minute practical (P3).                               15%
     (c) The OSCE will count 50% towards the practical
         examination mark (P4 = 15%)                                     15%
     (d) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the
         practical examination.
     (e) The 70% theory component of the Year and Examination marks
         will consist of two parts:
         Part 1:(mechanical low back pain)                               60%
         Part 2:(organic low back pain, cervical & thoracic
         mechanical back pain, headache and facial pain)                 40%

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Mechanical back pain.
     2. Organic back disorders.
     3. Head and facial pain.
     4. Spinal orthopedic assessment.
     5. Assessing case progression.
     6. Clinic forms and their use.
     7. The narrative report.
     8. The Clinic Manual - an introduction.

CLINICAL CHIROPRACTIC V 0902001070 (MTCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         The average of theory (weighting 50%) and practical (weighting 50%) tests         100%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper (P1), one 30-minute practical (P2) and a
         continuous assessment mark (OSCE's and competencies P3).
     (c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Review of electrotherapy and traction equipment
     2. Patient assessment
     3. Management rationale
     4. Clinical radiology
     5. Report writing, narrative, medico-legal
     6. Chiropractic patient care (clinical practicum)
     7. The pregnant / geriatric / paediatric patient.
     8. Physical examination of the extremities and TMJ.
     10. “Wellness” in chiropractic care

DIAGNOSTICS III 0901079030 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Average of theory tests                                     60%
         (ii) Average of practical tests                                 40%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper (P1) and one 30-minute practical (P2).
     (c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

                                                    - 32 -
2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. The nature, types, advantages and limitations of diagnoses.
     2. The case history.
     3. The theory and practice of the physical examination.
     4. The use of standard diagnostic instrumentation.
     5. The psychiatric examination.
     6. The analysis of symptoms and signs.
     7. The general and external features of disease.
     8. The nervous system.
     9. The locomotor system.
     10. The cardiovasculary system.
     11. The respiratory system.
     12. The alimentary system.
     13. The genito-urinary system.
     14. The endocrine system.
     15. The reticulo-endothelial system.
     16. Ophthalmology.
     17. Paediatrics.
     18. Geriatrics.

DIAGNOSTICS IV 0901080060 (BTCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) The average of theory tests                                 40%
         (ii) The average of practical tests based on clinical skills    60%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory (P1) paper and a practical
         examination (P2).
     (c) A minimum of 100% of the students will be moderated in the practical examination.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Clinical pathology
     2. Gynaecology
     3. Obstetrics
     4. Dermatology
     5. Weight loss
     6. Syncope
     7. Vertigo
     8. Dementia
     9. Headache and facial pain
     10. Coma
     11. Pyrexia of unknown origin
     12. Abdominal pain
     13. Haematemesis and malaena
     14. Changes in bowel habit
     15. Jaundice
     16. Nausea and vomiting
     17. Dysphagia
     18. Dyspnoea
     19. Chest pain
     20. Haemoptysis
     21. Cough
                                                    - 33 -
     22.   Oedema
     23.   Polyuria, oliguria, dysuria, haematuria
     24.   Anaemia
     25.   Haemorrhage
     26.   Lymphodenopathy and splenomegaly
     27.   Claudication
     28.   Hepatomegally
     29.   Joint pain/stiffness/swelling
     30.   Back pain
     31.   Neck pain
     32.   Muscle weakness
     33.   Numbness and paraesthesia
     34.   Painful/painless loss of vision.

EPIDEMIOLOGY I: 0901062220 (NDCHR1)
1. YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
    (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
        (i) Theory tests - average of three tests                         75%
        (ii) Practical mark based on average
             practical mark     50%                                       25%
             practical test     50%
    (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     Section A       Immunology
     1. The functions and components of normal blood
     2. Non-acquired body defenses
     3. Naturally acquired body defenses: antigens and antibodies
     4. Artificially acquired body defenses: immunisation
     5. Allergy and auto-immune diseases
     Section B       Epidemiological principles
     1. The history of public health services
     2. Essential epidemiological concepts
     3. Virulence of micro-organisms and the infective process
     4. Factors in the transmission of communicable diseases
     Section C       Epidemiology of infectious diseases
     1. Diseases caused by bacteria
     2. Diseases caused by viruses
     3. Diseases caused by Rickettsiae and Chlamydiae
     4. Diseases caused by fungi
     5. Sexually transmitted diseases
     Section D       Parasitology
     1. Introduction to parasitology
     2. Protozoan parasites: classification, characterization and incidence
     3. Platyhelmintic parasites: classification, characterization and incidence
     4. Aschelmintic parasites: classification, characterization and incidence
     5. The Arthropoda as parasites, vectors and pests
     6. Mammalian pests: rats and mice




                                                     - 34 -
GENERAL PATHOLOGY II 0901077220 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory tests - average of two 2-hour tests                    67%
         (ii) Practical mark based on:
              average practical mark               50%                     33%
              practical test                       50%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper

2. THEORY AND PRACTICAL
   1. Disease at cellular level
   2. Fluid and haemodynamic derangements
   3. Neoplasia
   4. Genetic diseases.
   5. Disorders of growth.
   6. Nutritional disorders.
   7. Miscellaneous ecological conditions.
MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY II 1503161220 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory tests - average of 2 tests      50%
         (ii) Practical tests - average of 2 tests  50%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.

2.         THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1.    The scope of microbiology.
     2.    Characteristics and types of bacteria.
     3.    Characteristics of protozoa, yeasts and moulds.
     4.    Laboratory study of bacteria.
     5.    Characteristics of Rickettsaie, Chlamydaie and Mycoplasmas.
     6.    Characteristics of viruses.
     7.    General bacterial physiology.
     8.    Micro-organisms in the ecological system.
     9.    Basic principles of sterilization and disinfection.
     10.   Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy.

PHILOSOPHY, PRINCIPLES AND HISTORY I 1801016120 (NDCHR1)

A.   MODULE I (PHIL111)

     1.    YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
           Year mark:
           (i) The average of theory tests and assignment results            100%
                (a) The examination shall consist of one 2-hour theory paper.
                (b) The final mark for the subject will be an average of the Final Marks for each Module.

     2.    THEORY
           2.1 A history of healing and medicine.
           2.2 A history of chiropractic and osteopathy.
           2.3 An introduction to chiropractic principles and philosophy
                                                      - 35 -
           2.4 History of chiropractic in South Africa.
           2.5. Chiropractic terminology
           2.6 Holism and Reductionism as philosophies

B.    MODULE II (PHIL121)

      1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
           (a) Year mark:
               (i) The average of theory tests and assignment results 100%
           (b) The examination shall consist of one 2-hour theory paper.
           (c) The final mark for the subject will be an average of the Final Marks for each Module.

      2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
           2.1 Philosophy and Thinking
           2.2 Theories of Knowledge
           2.3 Introduction to the Development of the Professions

PHYSICS I 1507105120 (NDCHR1)

1.    YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
      (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
          (i) Theory tests average of three 1-hour tests                    75%
          (ii) Practical mark based on average practical mark               25%
      (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.

2.    THEORY AND PRACTICAL
1.    Remedial mathematics
2.    Fundamental units and conversion of units
3.    Vectors and scalars
4.    Kinetics
5.    Mechanics
6.    Dynamics
7.    Momentum
8.    Moments
9.    Work, energy and power
10.   Applied mechanics
11.   Density and relative density
12.   Pressure
13.   Thermodynamicsinternal energy and heat
14.   Mechanical properties of materials
15.   Waves and sound
16.   Optics
17.   Electricity
18.   Magnetism and electro-magnetic induction
19.   Radioactivity




                                                      - 36 -
PHYSIOLOGY I 1503120120 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory tests - average of two 2-hour tests                 67%
         (ii) Practical mark based on:
              average practical mark               50%                  33%
              practical test                       50%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Organisation of the body
     2. The cell
     3. Tissues
     4. Integumentary system
     5. Skeletal system
     6. Muscular system
     7. Nervous system
     8. Sense organs
     9. Endocrine system
     10. The heart
     11. Circulation
     12. Lymphatic system
     13. Respiration
     14. Digestive system
     15. Urinary system
     16. Body fluid electrolyte and pH balance
     17. Reproduction and development

PHYSIOLOGY II 1503097220 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory tests - average of three 3-hour tests                          75%
         (ii) Practical mark based on average practical mark            50%        25%
              Practical examination                                     50%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Functional organisation of the human body and control of the internal environment
     2. The cell
     3. Nerve and muscle
     4. Cardiovascular system
     5. The kidneys and body fluid homeostasis
     6. Respiration
     7. The nervous system
     8. Special senses
     9. The gastro-intestinal tract
     10. Energy balance, metabolism and nutrition
     11. Endocrinology
     12. Reproduction

                                                    - 37 -
PRACTICE MANAGEMENT & JURISPRUDENCE I 1308000070 (MTCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) The average of theory tests            100%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
A.   Practice management
     1. Office location and design
     2. Equipment, supplies, purchasing and leasing
     3. Accounting, record keeping and filing systems
     4. Financing
     5. Single and partnership practices and contracts
     6. Taxation
     7. Staff
     8. Insurance
     9. Medical schemes
     10. Workmen's Compensation and M.V.A.
     11. Professional associations
     12. Practitioner/patient relationship
     13. Patients, the public, professional associates and referrals
     14. Business Ethics
     15. Labour relations act in respect of practice
     16. Performance management

B.   Jurisprudence
     1. General medical and health legislation
     2. Chiropractors Homoeopaths & Allied Health Service Professions
     3. Council Act & Allied Health Professions Acts as amended.
     4. Rules and regulations
     5. Board decisions and requirements

PSYCHOPATHOLOGY II 0902158220 (NDCHR1)

1.   YEAR MARK AND EXAMINATION
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of:
         (i) Theory tests - averaging major tests                      60%
              average of assignments                                   40%
     (b) The examination shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.

2.   THEORY AND PRACTICAL
     1. Introduction to psychopathology.
     2. Abnormal behaviour.
     3. Specific disorders: psychoses; neuroses
     4. Problems of children.
     5. Other psychiatric disorders.
     6. Patient-practitioner relationships.
     7. Assessment and treatment approaches.



                                                     - 38 -
RULES for the SOMATOLOGY PROGRAMME

LB1   INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMMES OFFERED IN THE DEPARTMENT
      The programmes for the following diploma qualifications are offered in the
      department.
      National Diploma: Somatology
      (Extended Curriculum Programme)               3211007
      National Diploma: Somatology                  3211007
      B.Tech: Somatology                            3311001
      M. Tech: Somatology                           3611001

LB2   REGISTRATION
      In addition to the General Rules pertaining to Registration a student
      whose fees are being paid by an employer shall provide a letter of
      authority from such employer to this effect before registration.

LB3   WORK DONE DURING THE YEAR
      1. In addition to the general requirements for a year/semester mark, the
         definition of the term “attended satisfactorily” necessary for the
         issuing of a certificate shall include—
         (i) the compulsory attendance at all functions, organised outings
               and educational tours arranged by a department. (Any cost
               involvement will be the responsibility of the student.);

LB4   EXAMINATION
      1. The examination in each subject shall consist of the theory and/or
         practical and/or oral examinations as indicated with the syllabus of
         each subject as published in this handbook.
      2. The calculation of the final mark shall be according to the General
         DUT Rule Book for students.
      3. There will be no supplementary examinations in all fourth level
         subjects in the B.Tech: Somatology

LB5   PROMOTION TO A HIGHER LEVEL
      1. No learner may continue to Soma Techniques II (110705422) if they
         have not passed Anatomy and Physiology I (150314112) and Soma
         Techniques I (110705312).
      2. A first year learner who fails three or more subjects with a
         subminimum of less than 40% in that year will not be permitted to re-
         register in the Department of Somatology. De-registration for a
         subject will be regarded as a fail. Permission to re-apply will be at the
         discretion of the Departmental Appeal Committee.
                                      - 39 -
      3. A 40% year mark subminimum is required for the practical component
          of all subjects prior to a student being allowed to write a final
          examination.
      4. No student may attempt the next higher level in a subject before they
          have passed the lower level of that subject.
      5. Somatology requires the student/candidate to undergo a period of
          experiential learning as part of the course. The prescribed
          experiential component must be passed in order to obtain sufficient
          credits to qualify for the qualification.
      6. Applied Biological Sciences III (150 305 7030) comprises of Module I
          and Module 2. Module 1 and Module 2 must be registered for
          simultaneously.         Credit for Applied Biological Science III
          (15003057030) will only be obtained once both modules have been
          passed. Failure of either of the modules will result in a supplementary
          if so granted, a rewrite, or a separate re-registration with the credit for
          the module passed being retained.
      7. Applicants considered for the Extended first year will register only for
          Wellness I, Aesthetics I, Anatomy and Physiology I, Communication
          Skills I and Computer Skills I. Students registered in the extended
          first year will only be eligible for subsequent registration in the
          Department of Somatology if they pass all of the above subjects or a
          minimum of Wellness I, Communication Skills I and Aesthetics I.
      8. An extended learner cannot re-register for the National Diploma:
          Somatology if they have not passed Soma Techniques I and Wellness
          Module II in the subsequent year of registration.

LB6   ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS
      National Diploma: Somatology
      1. Persons applying must be in possession of a national senior
         certificate or equivalent.
      2. Persons applying must have a prescribed medical stating that they
         have a clean bill of health.
      3. Preference will be given to those students with Higher Grade Biology
         and/or Science at senior certificate level or natural sciences and/or
         physical sciences at national senior certificate level.
      4. Admission dependent on results of Entrance tests.

      Note: There is a limit of 40 places on the Full Programme and 20 on the
      Extended Programme. Preference will be given to those who best fulfil
      the entrance requirements.




                                        - 40 -
      B. Tech: Somatology
      1. Persons applying must be in possession of a National Diploma :
          Somatology. Entry into the B.Tech programme is not automatic. A
          total of 15 places are available to students and selection will be on the
          basis of academic performance as determined by a ranking systems.
          Working experience will be an added advantage for those students
          not applying directly from the N.Diploma.

      M.Tech: Somatology
      1. Persons applying must be in possession of a B.Tech: Somatology or
         its equivalent.

LB7   CONDUCT IN A LABORATORY AND CLINIC·
      Rules of conduct pertaining to a specific laboratory or clinic, as instituted
      by a head of department, shall apply to all students registered for the
      particular subject.

LB8   RIGHT OF APPEAL
      1. Students have the right to appeal.

      SPECIAL TESTS AND CONDONEMENTS
      A special test may be granted by the Head of Department of that subject to
      a student who has been prevented from taking a test:
      1. by illness on the day of the test or immediately before it, provided that
          he/she submits a medical certificate which a medical practitioner,
          homoeopath or chiropractor registered with the relevant councils,
          specifies the nature and duration of the illness and that for health
          reasons it was impossible or undesirable for the student to sit for the
          test, and that he/she submits such certificate to the lecturer/s
          concerned on the day as determined by the practitioner that the
          student should return to lectures immediately following such illness;
          or
      2. by circumstances which in the opinion of the Head of Department
          were beyond his/her control at the time of the test provided that
          satisfactory evidence of such circumstances is provided. Such
          circumstances shall not include:
          (i) any clash of subjects on, or any misinterpretation by him/her of
                the date, time or venue of the test;
          (ii) transportation difficulties;
          (iii) illness or death of any distant acquaintance of distant relative;
          (iv) participation in any event unless to represent KwaZulu-Natal or
                South Africa.


                                       - 41 -
For the purpose of this rule "test" shall mean any project/assignment,
written, or oral test or practical, set for the purpose of determining or
contributing towards a semester mark for the subject and shall include
tests set for subjects which are evaluated by continuous evaluation.
Any student who misses a test and who does not qualify for a special test,
and any student who qualifies for a special test but fails to write it, shall be
awarded a zero mark for the missed test.




                                  - 42 -
RULES FOR QUALIFICATIONS
NATIONAL DIPLOMA: SOMATOLOGY (3211007)

LB.HCI REGISTRATION
       In addition to the requirements of the General Rules, a student must
       submit a medical certificate issued on the prescribed form.

LB.HC2 PROMOTION TO HIGHER LEVEL
       No student may attempt the next higher level in a subject before he/she
       has passed the lower level of that subject.

LB.HC3 INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMME

          YEARS OF STUDY      THREE YEAR MINIMUM                FOUR YEAR MINIMUM

          Year One            Aesthetics I                      Aesthetics I
                              Anatomy & Physiology I            Anatomy & Physiology I
                              Biotics I                         Communication Skills I
                              Communication Skills I            Wellness - Module 1
                              Nutrition I                       [All subjects to be placed in order
                              Science I                          for learner to continue with
                              Soma Techniques I                  the program].

          Year Two            Anatomy & Physiology II           Biotics I
                              Biotics II                        Nutrition I
                              Business Practice I               Science I
                              Nutrition II                      Soma Techniques I
                              Science II                        Wellness - Module 2
                              Socio-Psychology I
                              Soma Techniques II
                              Beauty Technology Practice III

          Year Three          Applied Bio. Science (Module I)   Anatomy & Physiology II
                              Applied Bio. Science (Module 2)   Biotics II
                              Biotics III                       Business Practice I
                              Business Practice II              Nutrition II
                              Nutrition III                     Science II
                              Socio-Psychology II               Socio-Psychology I
                              Soma Techniques III               Soma Techniques II
                              Soma Techniques Project III       Beauty Technology Practice III

          Year Four                                             Applied Bio. Science (Module I)
                                                                Applied Bio. Science (Module 2)
                                                                Biotics III
                                                                Business Practice II
                                                                Nutrition III
                                                                Socio-Psychology II
                                                                Soma Techniques III
                                                                Soma Techniques Project III




                                         - 43 -
         Sapse Code   Level   Year      Register Subjects                               Hours per week
                              Code      Code                                            Theory Practical

                              LBBTF I
         1107001120    1                ASTH 101   Aesthetics I                           1        3
         1503141120    1                APHY102    Anatomy & Physiology I                 4        3
         1905005120    1                BIOT101    Biotics I                              2        2
         1299006120    1                CMSK102    Communication Skills I                 2        –
         1003045120    1                NTRI101    Nutrition I                            3        –
         1504065120    1                SCIE101    Science I                              4        –
         1107053120    1                SMTQ101    Soma Techniques I                      4       10
                              LBBTF2
         1503501220    2                ANBT201    Anatomy and Physiology II              3        4
         1905006220    2                BIOT201    Biotics II                             3        2
         0409142120    2                BPRA102    Business Practice I                    2        –
         1003047220    2                NTRI201    Nutrition II                           2        –
         1504165220    2                SCIE201    Science II                             2        2
         2009000120    1                SPCH101    Socio-Psychology I                     2        –
         1107054220    2                SMTQ201    Soma Techniques II                     6        6
                              LBBTF3
         1503057030    3                ABSC311    Applied Bio. Sciences (Module 1) 2             _
                                        ABSC321    Applied Bio. Sciences (Module 2)       2       _
         1905007030    3                BIOT301    Biotics III                            2       2
         0409143220    3                BPRA201    Business Practice II                   4        –
         1299006120    3                CPSK101    Computer Skills I*                     2       2
         1003102030    3                NTRI301    Nutrition III                          2       –
         2009001220    2                SPCH201    Socio-Psychology II*                   2       –
         1107055030    3                SMTQ301    Soma Techniques III                    6       6
         1107056220    3                SMTP301    Soma Techniques Project III                    10
                              LBBTF4
         159900022     4                RMNS201 Research Methodology:
                                                Natural Sciences                          4        –
         200900122     2                SPCH201 Socio-Psychology II*                      2        –
         040914403     3                BPRA301 Business Practice III                     4        –
         100300906     4                NTRI401 Nutrition IV                              4        5
         110701906     4                BIOT401 Biotics IV                                2        2
         110705706     4                SMTQ401 Soma Techniques IV                        2        2
         110705806     4                SMTP401 Somatology Project IV                     2        –
                              LBBTF5
                       5                           Research Project                       –        1
                              LLBTF6
                       6                           Research Project                       –        1
                                        WELL111
                                                   Wellness (Module 1)                    8
                                        WELL121
                                                   Wellness (Module 2)                    8


         * The above subjects are electives.

LB.HC4      SYLLABI
            The syllabi for each subject indicated in the instructional programme
            above are published at the end of this handbook in alphabetical order
            together with all the subjects offered in the department and service
            departments.
                                          - 44 -
LB.HC5   COMPULSORY SUBJECTS
         All subjects are compulsory except for a choice between Computer
         Skills I and Socio Psychology II in the N.Diploma Somatology. One of
         these two subjects is optional. Your choice is compulsory. Students
         must pass all the subjects before the qualification can be awarded.
         This programme requires the student/candidate to undergo a period
         of experiential learning as part of the course. All prescribed
         compulsory and elective subjects (instructional offerings) and the
         prescribed experiential component must be passed in order to obtain
         sufficient credits to qualify for the qualification.
         A minimum period of 120 hours Experiential Learning (Beauty
         Technology Practice III) (BTPR3001) is required prior to a National
         Diploma: Somatology being issued to a student.




                                   - 45 -
SYLLABI

AESTHETICS I 110700112
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
          (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory tests—average of 3 tests      — 40%
          (ii) Practical tests—average of 3 tests — 40%
          (iii) Assignment                         —20%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper
2. Syllabus
     1. General make-up
     2. Principles of colour and form
     3. Hand and foot care treatments
     4. Temporary hair removal

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I 150314112
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 7
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory tests—average of 3 tests                                — 75%
          (ii) Practical mark calculated from practical test/work            — 25%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     1. Terminology
     2. Regions of the body
     3. Living matter (Protoplasm)
     4. Biochemistry (Organic and inorganic chemistry)
     5. The cell
     6. Basic histology and classification of the different type of tissue found in the body
     7. The skeletal system
     8. The skin
     9. The nervous system
     10. Circulatory system
     11. Practical

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 11 150350122
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 7
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory tests—average of 3 tests                                —75%
          (ii) Practical mark calculated from practical test/work            —25%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     1. The skin
     2. Sensory organs
     3. The lymphatic system
     4. The digestive system (Metabolism and nutrition)

                                                      - 46 -
     5.    The urinary system
     6.    The excretory organs
     7.    The reproductive system
     8.    Endocrine system
     9.    Immunology (Immune System)
     10.   Respiratory system
     11.   Fluids and electrolytes
     12.   Practicals

APPLIED BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES III 150305703
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
           (i) Theory tests—average of tests        — 100%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of two theory papers.
2. Syllabus
     Module One (ABSC311)
     1. Microbiology1. Hygiene
     Module Two (ABSC321)
     1. Introduction to Pharmacology
     2. Introduction to Pathology

BEAUTY TECHNOLOGY PRACTICE III 1107008030
Duration of programme: 120 hours
1. Year mark and examination
    This subject comprises the qualifying section of the work integrated learning (WIL) which on passing will
    allow the student to complete Soma Techniques Project II, the formal work integrated learning section of
    the syllabus.
    a) The year mark shall be made up of:
          (i) A pass or fail result completed by an industrial representative and/or a University
               representative depending on where the hours were completed.                   - 100%
2 Syllabus
    Various techniques and the application thereof. (See Manual)

BIOTICS I 1905005120
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          Theory – average of tests and assignments                                — 50%
          Practical—average of tests, assignments and continuing work              — 50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 2-hour theory paper and a practical examination
2. Syllabus
     1. Exercise Theory
          1.1       Wellness Components
          1.2       Movement
          1.3       Applied anatomy
          1.4       Anthropometry
          1.5       Aerobic programming
          1.6       Injury prevention.

                                                    - 47 -
     2.   Practical
          2.1       Aerobic participation
          2.2       Body analysis
          2.3       Music planning

BIOTICS II 190500622
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 5
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          Theory—average of tests and assignments                                   —50%
          Practical—average of tests, assignments and continuing work               —50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 2-hour theory paper and a practical examination
2. Syllabus
     1. Exercise Theory
          1.1       Anthropometry
          1.2       Physiology of Exercise
          1.3       Energy systems
          1.4       Diseases
     2. Practical
          2.1       Anthropometry
          2.2       Step, toning and stretching class

BIOTICS III 190500703
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
           Theory—average of tests and assignments                                    — 50%
           Practical—average of tests, assignments and continuing work                — 50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and a practical examination.
2. Syllabus
     1. Exercise Theory
           1.1 Injuries
           1.2 Stress management
           1.3 Exercise and pregnancy
           1.4 Fitness Evaluation
     2. Practical
           2.1 Advanced aerobics and callanetics classes
           2.2 Fitness evaluation
           2.3 Gymnasium equipment
           2.4 Personal training
           2.5 Pre- and post-natal exercise

BIOTICS IV (110701906)
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 3
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory - average of tests and assignments                            — 50%
          (ii) Practical - average of tests, assignments and continuing work       — 50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and a practical examination.
                                                   - 48 -
2.   Syllabus
     Exercise Theory
          2.1 Women and exercise
          2.2 Children and exercise
          2.3 Any new developments
          2.4 Motivation, Marketing and Sales
          2.5 Legal aspects
          2.6 Exercise and the aged
          2.7 CHD and exercise
          2.8 Exercise and illness
     Practical
          2.1 Mother/children's classes
          2.2 Children's classes
          2.3 Aqua aerobics

BUSINESS PRACTICE I 040914212
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 2
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory—average of tests and assignments           — 100%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     1. Introduction to the business environment
     2. Marketing orientation
     3. Non-verbal communication
     4. Verbal communication
     5. Written business communication
     6. Professional conduct
     7. Personal selling orientation
     8. Personal selling technique
     9. Sales administration

BUSINESS PRACTICE 11 040914322
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory—average of tests and assignments           — 100%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
          1. Identify marketing opportunities
          2. Location
          3. Product/Service strategy
          4. Pricing Strategy
          5. Advertising
          6. Sales promotions
          7. Public Relations
          8. Legal aspects



                                                   - 49 -
COMMUNICATION SKILLS (129900612)
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 2
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory – average of tests, assignments and presentation — 100%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper
2. Syllabus
     1. Written and correspondence skills for the Beauty Therapist
     2.        Oral presentation and demonstration skills

COMPUTER SKILLS 060205512
Duration of programme: 16 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     This subject will be assessed by the continuous evaluation method as follows:
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          Theory tests – average of tests                                 — 80%
          Assignments – average of assignments                            — 20%
2. Syllabus
     1. Introduction
     2. Micro-processors
     3. Hardware
     4. Software
     5. Data Communication

NUTRITION I 100304512
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 3
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
           (i) Theory tests – average of tests                            — 60%
               Assignments – average of assignments                       — 40%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 2-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     1. Basic concepts
     2. Food and nutrient guides
     3. Detailed study of nutrients
     4. Energy metabolism
     5. Meal planning

NUTRITION II 100304722
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 2
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
           (i) Theory tests – average of tests                            — 60%
               Assignments – average of assignments                       — 40%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 2-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     1. Nutrition throughout the life cycle
     2. Nutrition related health problems
                                                     - 50 -
NUTRITION III 100310203
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 2
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          i) Theory tests – average of tests                        — 60%
               Assignments – average of assignments                 — 40%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 2-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     1. Therapeutic nutrition
     2. Nutritional guidance

NUTRITION IV (100300906)
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 9
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory tests - average of tests
          (ii) Assignments - average of assignments
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one three hour theory paper
2. Syllabus
     2.1 Diet modifications for metabolic and endocrine disorders
     2.2 Disorders of the mouth and gastro-intestinal tract
     2.3 Disorders of the liver and biliary tract
     2.4 For disease of the kidney and urinary tract
     2.5 For disorders of the blood and cardiovascular system
     2.6 For disorders of the brain and nervous system
     2.7 For disorders of the skeletal system
     2.8 For disorders of the skin

SCIENCE I 150406512
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of the best 3 of 4 tests
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     1. Weights and measures.
     2. Nature of matter.
     3. Two phase preparations.
     4. Properties of solids, liquids and gases
     5. Heat
     6. Water
     7. Saponification
     8. Acids, bases, salts and neutralisation
     9. Oils, fats and waxes. Vegetable, animal or mineral
     10. Starches and gums
     11. Gels, resins and synthetic mucilages
     12. Colours, lakes, pigments and dyes



                                                     - 51 -
SCIENCE II I50416522
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
           (i) Theory—Physics one theory test                            —20%
                3 Applied Cosmetology tests – average of tests           — 40%
           (ii) Practicals—Applied Cosmetology – practical
                Average of test work and continuing work                 — 40%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one combined 3-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     A. Physics
           1. Light
           2. Magnetism
           3. Electricity
           4. Sound
     B. Organic Chemistry
           1. Molecular and structural formulae
           2. Alkane series, alkenes
           3. Alcohols
           4. Organic acids
           5. Organic salts
     C. Applied Cosmetology
           1. Preparations of cosmetic emulsions

SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGY I 200900012
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 2
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Tests and assignments                                      — 100%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper.
2. Syllabus
     A. 1. The concept of psychology as a science
          2. Personality development
          3. Intelligence
          4. Emotion
          5. Motivation
          6. Psychology of society
     B. 1. Sociology
          2 Family systems
          3. Socialisation process
          4. Society and culture
          5. Social change
     C. 1. Developmental Psychology
          2. The adolescent client
          3. The mature client
          4. The middle-aged client
          5. The old-aged client



                                                   - 52 -
SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGY II 200900122
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Period per week: 2
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Tests and assignments                                     — 100%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper
2. Syllabus
     A 1. Abnormal psychology in the changing society
          2. Frustration, conflicts and stress
          3. Neurosis and psychoses
          4. Pathological manifestations
     B 1. Basic principles and handling techniques

SOMA TECHNIQUES I 110705312
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Period per week: 14
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory – average of tests and assignments                   — 50%
          (ii) Practical – average of practical tests and continuing work — 50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and a practical examination
2. Syllabus
     1. Basic facial and decollete treatments
     2. Hygiene
     3. Applied facial and decollete treatment
     4. Equipment and treatment building
     5. Introduction to preheating techniques
     6. Swedish Massage
     7. Skin analysis including skin disorders
     8. Product training

SOMA TECHNIQUES II 110705422
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Period per week: 13
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory – average of tests and assignments                   — 50%
          (ii) Practical – average of practical tests and continuing work — 50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and a practical examination
2. Syllabus
     1. Facial and decollete treatments
          1.1 Skin analysis including diseases and disorders
          1.2 Surgery/support complimentary
          1.3 Skin exfoliators
          1.4 Equipment and treatment building
     2. Body treatments
          2.1 Body analysis
          2.2 Equipment and treatment building
          2.3 Surgery/support complimentary
          2.4 Weight control including cellulite

                                                   - 53 -
     3.    Permanent hair removal
     4.    Product training

SOMA TECHNIQUES III 110705503
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Period per week: 11
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory – average of tests and assignments                   — 50%
          (ii) Practical – average of practical tests and continuing work — 50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3-hour theory paper and a practical examination
2. Syllabus
     1. Facial and body treatments
          1.1 Manual /Compilation of massage movement
          1.2 Reflexology (Zone Therapy)
          1.3 Aromatherapy
          1.4 Stress management
          1.5 Physical and Psychological changes occurring during life stages/diseases/disorders
          1.6 New developments and technology in treatments
          1.7 Permanent hair removal

SOMA TECHNIQUES PROJECT II 110705622
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Period per week: 8
1. Year mark and examination
     This subject comprises the experiential training section of the syllabus.
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Continuous assessment                    — 100%
2. Syllabus
     1. Various techniques and the application thereof

SOMA TECHNIQUES IV (110705706)
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (I) Theory - average of tests and assignments                               —50%
          (ii) Practical - average of practical tests and continuing work             — 50%
     (b) Assessment shall consist of one 3 hour theory paper and a practical examination.
2. Syllabus
     2.1 Aromatherapy or Specialized Massage Techniques
     Plus any two of the following
     2.2 Diathermy
     2.3 Stress management
     2.4 Camouflage make-up




                                                      - 54 -
SOMATOLOGY PROJECT IV (11070505806)
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 2
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
           A Dissertation —- 100%
2. Syllabus
     This project should be conducted with the co-operation of the student's employer (or suitable alternative
     for private students). The project must be of an applied nature (as far as possible) and the report must be
     typed in double spacing and bound in a format acceptable to the University. Successful completion of the
     project may, in addition to the report, include either an oral or written examination or both.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: NATURAL SCIENCES (159900022)
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Periods per week: 4
1. Year mark and examination
     (a) The year mark shall be made up of
          (i) Theory - average of tests and assignments
2. Syllabus.
     2.1 Aim, nature and meaning of research
     2.2 The research process and general procedures
     2.3 Analysis
     2.4 Proposal

M.TECH: SOMATOLOGY

Duration of programme: Minimum one year full time
                        Maximum three years full time
                        Maximum five years part time
1. Year mark and examination
    Research Project only                                                   —100%

WELLNESS MODULE 1
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Period per week: 8
1. Year mark and Examination
     Continuous Assessment
2. Syllabus
     -    Integrated Learning

WELLNESS MODULE 2
Duration of programme: 32 weeks
Period per week: 8
1. Year mark and Examination
     Continuous Assessment
2. Syllabus
     -    Integrated Learning




                                                      - 55 -

				
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