China-General Information

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Beijing Capital International Airport
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Full name: The People's Republic of China (PRC)
Capital: Beijing
Area: 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles)
Major language: Mandarin Chinese
National flag: Red flag with five stars
National emblem: Tiananmen Gatetower under five stars, encircled by ears of
grain and with a gear wheel below
National anthem:March of the Volunteers, written in 1935, with lyrics by the
poet Tian Han and music by the composer Nie Er
Monetary unit: 1 Renminbi (yuan) (Y) = 10 jiao = 100 fen
Internet domain: .cn
International dialling code: +86
Length of borders:With a land boundary of some 22,800 km, China is
bordered by Korea to the east; Mongolia to the north; Russia to the northeast;
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the northwest; Afghanistan,
Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan to the west and southwest; and Myanmar,
Laos and Vietnam to the south. Across the seas to the east and southeast are
the Republic of Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia.
Highest Mountain:Mt.Qomolangma 8,848 meters (29,028 feet)
Longest River: The Yangtze, 6,300 km
Largest Lake: Qinghai Lake with an area of 4,583 sq km
Population: 1.34 billion (UN, 2009)
Population density: 135 people per sq km
Nationalities (2000 census)    :China is a united multi-ethnic nation of 56
ethnic groups. As the majority (91.6 percent) of the population is of the Han
ethnic group, China's other 55 ethnic groups are customarily referred to as
ethnic minorities. According to the fifth national census in 2000, 18 ethnic
minorities have a population of over one million, namely the Zhuang,
Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uygur, Yi, Tujia, Mongolian, Tibetan, Bouyei, Dong, Yao,
Korean, Bai, Hani, Li, Kazak and Dai. Of these the Zhuang ethnic group has
the biggest population, numbering 16.179 million. There are 17 ethnic groups
with a population of between 100,000 and one million, namely the She, Lisu,
Gelao, Lahu, Dongxiang, Va, Sui, Naxi, Qiang, Tu, Xibe, Mulam, Kirgiz, Daur,
Jingpo, Salar and Maonan. There are 20 ethnic groups with a population of

between 10,000 and 100,000, namely, Blang, Tajik, Primi, Achang, Nu, Ewenki,
Gin, Jino, Deang, Ozbek, Russian, Bonan, Monba, Oroqen, Derung, Tatar,
Hezhen, Gaoshan (excluding the Gaoshan ethnic group in Taiwan) and Lhoba.
The Lhoba ethnic group, at 2,965, has the smallest population.
Major religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Taoism
Stores and Restaurants:
Shops, department stores and supermarkets are open every day from
08:30-09:30 to 21:30, including public holidays. Restaurants and bars are
always open from around 10:00 to the late night, sometimes even into the
small hours or for all night.
Money Exchange:
It is quite easy to exchange money in China and the rates will be more
favorable. four-star and five-star hotels offer exchange service, but only for
their guest. Mostly people will go to banks for exchange. Remember to take
your passport, which need to be presented when converting currency in
China. However, for remote areas, it is difficulty to exchange currency or use
a credit card, so it is advisable to take enough money when you are going to
travel in the remote area.
Banks: Banking hours and days vary from bank to bank in Beijing, However,
most Chinese banks are open from 9 am to 4pm or 5pm and have banches
that are open on Saturdays and Sundays.
Drinking water: Unlike in most western countries, the tap water in China is
undrinkable before it is boiled. Although the tap water is not drinkable, you
won't have to worry about finding water when you go out as it is quite easy
to buy bottled water in shops everywhere in China.
In towns and cities, IDD service is provided at all hotels and post offices.
Phone cards are available in post offices inside hotels or on the street. Even
more conveniently, most newsstands in major cities also carry phone cards.
Telephone booths in the streets are mostly for local calls.
Eletricity: The electricity in China is generally 220V, 50HZ.
Weather (Beijing): Temperature in June ranges between 18 (night)and 30℃
Time Zone:The whole China adopts Beijing Time as its standard time, which
is in the time zone (GMT+8).
Important Telphone Numbers:
China country code: 0086
Beijing city code: 010
Police: 110
Fire: 119
Ambulance: 120 or 999
Traffic Accidents: 122
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