Indonesian Air Operator Certificate 121 Form OPERATOR AND INSPECTOR OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS GUIDANCE GUIDANCE by bxh19113

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									  OPERATOR AND INSPECTOR OPERATIONS
        SPECIFICATIONS GUIDANCE
(GUIDANCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PART A, B, C AND H OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS)

                                CA AOC-002a




                        AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATION
                                     REVISIONS
                                   RECORD OF REVISIONS


                 REVISIONS                                         REVISIONS
            Date          Date     Entered                    Date         Date      Entered
No.       Effective     Entered      by               No.   Effective     Entered      by
Orig   20 May 07       20 May 07   CH




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                            Page 1 of 69
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CA AOC-002a                               9 July 2007                            Page 2 of 69
                             TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1. BACKGROUND

   1.    GENERAL
   2.    CAA RESPONSIBILITIES
   3.    USING NEW OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
   4.    NEW    FEATURES    AND   SYMBOLOGY    OF  NEW   OPERATIONS
         SPECIFICATIONS PARAGRAPHS
   5.    NONSTANDARD PARAGRAPHS
   6.    ADDITIONAL TEXT (SUBPARAGRAPHS)
   7.    OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FORM (WORKSHEETS)
   8.    DRAFTS OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
   9.    PRINTING NEW OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
   10.   REVIEW,    APPROVAL,   AND   DISTRIBUTION  OF   OPERATIONS
         SPECIFICATIONS
   11.   AMENDMENT OR CANCELLATION OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

CHAPTER 2
GENERAL OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS - PART A.

         A1     Issuance and applicability
         A2     Definitions and abbreviations
         A3     Airplane / aircraft authorizations
         A4     Summary of special authorizations and limitations
         A5     Exemptions and deviations
         A6     Management personnel
         A7     Other designated persons
         A8     Operational control
         A9     Airport aeronautical data
         A10    Aeronautical weather data
         A11    Approved carry-on baggage program
         A12    Domestic operations to certain foreign airports
         A13    Part 121 operations without certain emergency equipment
         A14    IFR operations outside controlled airspace
         A15    Autopilot in lieu of required second in command
         A16    Single pilot , single pilot in command , or basic part 135 operators
         A17    Approved security program for helicopters
         A18    Schedule helicopter operations
         A19    Automotive gasoline as aircraft fuel
         A20    Airplane operations without instrument rated pilots
         A21    Aeromedical helicopter operations
         A28    Aircraft wet lease arrangements
         A29    Aircraft interchange arrangements
         A30    Part 121 supplemental operations




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 3 of 69
CHAPTER 3
ENROUTE AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS - PART B

      B31     Areas of en-route operation
      B32     En-route limitations and provisions
      B33     Flight rules , limitations , and provisions
      B34     Class I navigation using area navigation systems
      B35     Class II navigation in the Indonesian positive control area (pca) using
              area or long range navigation systems
      B36     Class III navigation using long range navigation systems or a flight
              navigator
      B37     Operations In Central East Pacific (CEPAC) Composite Airspace
      B38     North Pacific (NOPAC) Operations
      B39     Operations Within North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigation Performance
              Specifications (MNPS) Airspace.
      B40     Operations in areas of magnetic unreliability
      B42     Extended range operations with two engine airplanes under part 121
      B43     Special fuel reserves in international operations
      B44     Planned in-flight redispatch or release En-route
      B50     Authorized areas of en-route operation , limitations , and procedures

CHAPTER 4
AIRPLANE   TERMINAL    INSTRUMENT     PROCEDURES                     AND      AIRPORT
AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS - PART C

      C51     Terminal instrument procedures
      C52     Basic instrument approach procedure authorizations - all airports
      C53     IFR landing minimums other than category II and III - all airports
      C54     Special limitations and provisions for instrument approach procedures
              and IFR landing minimums
      C55     Alternate airport IFR weather minimums
      C56     IFR takeoff minimums , part 121 operations - all airports
      C57     IFR takeoff minimums , part 135 operations - all airports
      C58     Special restrictions for foreign terminal instrument procedures
      C59     Category II instrument approach and landing operations
      C60     Category III instrument approach and landing operations
      C61     Flight control guidance systems for automatic landing operations other
              than categories II and III
      C62     Manually flown flight control guidance system certified for landing
              operations other than categories II and III
      C63     Instrument approach operations using an area navigation system
      C64     Special terminal area IFR operations – authorizations , limitations , and
              provisions
      C65     Powerback operations with airplanes
      C66     Turbojet airplane takeoff operations in tailwind conditions
      C67     Special airport authorizations , provisions , and limitations
      C68     Noise abatement departure profiles (nadp)
      C70     Airports authorized for scheduled operations




CA AOC-002a                          9 July 2007                               Page 4 of 69
CHAPTER 5
HELICOPTER   TERMINAL   INSTRUMENT      PROCEDURES                   AND     AIRPORT
AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS - PART H

   H101       Terminal instrument procedures
   H102       Basic instrument approach procedure authorizations - all airports
   H103       IFR landing minimums other than airborne radar and categories II and III
              approaches - all airports
   H104       Helicopter en route descent areas
   H105       Alternate airport IFR weather minimums
   H106       IFR takeoff minimums , helicopter operations - all airports
   H107       Special restrictions for foreign terminal instrument procedures
   H108       Category II ( CAT II ) instrument approach and landing operations
   H109       Category III ( CAT III ) instrument approach and landing operations
   H110       Flight control guidance systems for automatic landing operations other
              than categories II and III
   H111       Manually flown flight control guidance system certified for landing
              operations other than categories II and III
   H112       Instrument approach operations using an area navigation system
   H113       Special terminal area IFR operations - authorizations , limitations , and
              provisions
   H114       Special airport authorizations , provisions , and limitations
   H120       Airports authorized for scheduled operations


   NOTE: Throughout this document reference has been made to FAA documentation
   and guidance. This status will change once the CAA guidance documentation is
   complete. Operators may use similar guidance i.e. JAA.




CA AOC-002a                           9 July 2007                              Page 5 of 69
                            CHAPTER 1. BACKGROUND

   OBJECTIVE

   This chapter provides guidance for the preparation, processing, generation, and
   issuance of new CAR Part 121/135 operations specifications.

   1. GENERAL

   A. Operations specifications transform the general terms of applicable regulations
      into an understandable document tailored to the specific needs of an individual
      certificate holder. When approved, the provisions of operations specifications are
      as legally binding as the regulations themselves (reference CAR 121 and 135).

   B. The SACAA developed operation specifications to be able to keep abreast of
      rapidly advancing technology and the resulting variables. New operations
      specifications provide access to a CAA standardized format that includes only
      those authorizations, limitations, standards, and procedures that are applicable to
      the individual certificate holder.

   2. CAA RESPONSIBILITIES

   A. When working with a certificate holder in developing operations specifications,
      coordination among all of the involved Inspectors is crucial. Coordination ensures
      the following:

      (1) That all Inspectors are aware of pending changes to an existing certificate
          holder's operation

      (2) That the certificate holder/applicant is not needlessly bothered by repetitious
          questions

   B. Operations specifications are divided into six parts, each of which has an
      assigned letter designator and contains standard paragraphs. These paragraphs
      are numbered consecutively from 1 to 120. Inspectors, depending upon their
      specialty, are responsible for the following paragraphs:

      (1) Part A - General (paragraphs A1 through A30). Paragraphs A1 through A8,
          A16, A28, and A29 are considered to be both airworthiness and operations
          paragraphs. Contents of these paragraphs must be carefully coordinated
          between Operations and Airworthiness Inspectors prior to approval.

         (a) Approval of these paragraphs may be indicated by the signature of the
             assigned Inspectors and Senior Manager.

         (b) Operations Inspectors are primarily responsible for preparing and issuing
             the remaining paragraphs in Part A.




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                              Page 6 of 69
      (2) Part B - Enroute Authorizations, Limitations, and Procedures (paragraphs B31
          through B50). Operations Inspectors are primarily responsible for preparing
          and approving Part B, with coordination with the Airworthiness Inspector for
          part B34 IFR class I navigation using area or long range navigation systems
          within controlled airspace. The Operations Inspector has sole signature
          responsibility for Part B.

      (3) Part C - Airplane Terminal Instrument Procedures and Airport Authorizations
          and Limitations (paragraphs C51 through C70). Part C pertains to airplanes
          only. Operations Inspectors are primarily responsible for preparing and
          approving the paragraphs in Part C.

      (4) Part D - Aircraft Maintenance (paragraphs D71 through D95). Airworthiness
          Inspectors are primarily responsible for preparing and approving the
          paragraphs in Part D. Paragraphs D91 through D93 are reserved for future
          development.

         (a) Paragraph D94 is reserved for the development of nonstandard paragraphs
             (see paragraph 6 of this chapter).

         (b) Required paragraphs D71, D72, D73, and D85 contain maintenance and
             inspection program requirements and must be issued to each certificate
             holder, as required.

         (c) Special authorizations and limitations paragraphs D74 through D84, D86,
             D87, D88, D89, D90, and D95 provide special authorizations and
             limitations that may be approved for a particular certificate holder.

      (5) Part E - Weight and Balance (Paragraphs E96 through E100). Airworthiness
          Inspectors are primarily responsible for preparing and approving Part E. Part E
          must be carefully coordinated with Operations Inspectors.

         (a) Paragraphs E97 through E100 are reserved for future development, as
             needed.

         (b) Paragraph E96 shall be issued to certificate holders using approved weight
             and balance control procedures.

      (6) Part H - Helicopter Terminal Instrument Procedures and Airport Authorizations
          and Limitations (paragraphs H101 through H120). Part H pertains to rotorcraft
          only. Operations inspectors are primarily responsible for preparing and
          approving the paragraphs in Part H.

3. USING NEW OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

   A. Operations Specifications Generation.

      The system for generating new operations specifications is designed to allow
      Inspectors to collect and record the required information on CAA Form CA AOC-
      F-011



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                              Page 7 of 69
      (1) To generate the new operations specifications for a particular certificate
          holder/applicant, the following occurs:

         (a) The Inspector collects the certificate holder/applicant information and
             enters it into the CAA Form CA AOC-F-011.

         (b) The CAA Form CA AOC-F-011 extracts those standard paragraphs
             appropriate to the particular certificate holder/applicant using a series of
             inclusion/exclusion rules.

         (c) The CAA Form CA AOC-F-011 produces an operating certificate work
             scope and/or limitation for those paragraphs needing additional information

      (2) Upon completion of the data entry into the CAA Form CA AOC-F-011, a
          complete set of operations specifications can be submitted for a particular
          certificate holder/applicant and their specific type of operation.

   B. Operations Specifications Control.
      New operations specifications paragraphs are accounted for and controlled by the
      table of contents and the signature blocks at the end of each part.

      (1) Table of contents.
          The new operations specifications table of contents is an integral section of a
          certificate holder's operations specifications. It is used as a control to account
          for the particular paragraphs issued to a specific certificate holder.

         (a) The CAA Form CA AOC-F-011 will include a table of contents each time it
             generates a complete set of operations specifications.

         (b) If a revision to the operations specifications causes a revision to the table
             of contents, the CAA Form CA AOC-F-011 will have a revised table of
             contents showing the latest effective date for the paragraph.

         (c) Paragraphs at the end of each part are reserved for future development of
             standard paragraphs, as needed.

         (d) The date under the column titled, "CONTROL DATE", is the date that
             operations specifications paragraph was finalized or revised by the
             Commissioner.

         (e) If the paragraph is not applicable to the certificate holder, the date will not
             be entered and the title will not appear. Instead the word "RESERVED" will
             appear.

         (f) The asterisks (*) to the left of the paragraph number indicate that the
             paragraph is a special authorization and is also listed in paragraph A4a,
             Summary of Special Authorizations and Limitations.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                               Page 8 of 69
         (g) Limited paragraphs identified by a pound sign (#) will be listed in the table
             of contents by number and title only. This symbol identifies those
             paragraphs the certificate holder is not authorized to use to conduct
             operations. This paragraph will also be automatically listed in paragraph
             A4b, indicating the certificate holder/applicant is not authorized to use or
             conduct operations under that paragraph.

      (2) Reserved Paragraphs. There are two types of reserved paragraphs:
          • Those reserved for future use by The Commissioner.
          • Those that have not been issued to a certificate holder/applicant because
            they are not applicable or the activity has not been authorized for that
            certificate holder

4. NEW FEATURES AND SYMBOLOGY OF NEW OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
   PARAGRAPHS

   A. The file system is entered manually to change the text of certain paragraphs and
      subparagraphs to make them applicable to the specific requirements of a
      particular certificate holder.

      (1) For example, if other business names are authorized, the text of subparagraph
          A1c of the operations specifications permits their use.

      (2) In some paragraphs, certain subparagraphs may not be applicable to a
          particular certificate holder. In these situations, the CAA Form CA AOC-F-011
          will delete the inapplicable subparagraph and consecutively re-letter the
          applicable subparagraphs.

   B. The words "Amendment No." and the effective date is generated and printed to
      the completed paragraph.

   C. The certificate holder's certificate number and the certificate holder's name on the
      CAA Form CA AOC-F-011 must be correctly printed and appropriate to the
      certificate holder.

   D. Although the CAA Form CA AOC-F-011 prints page numbers on the operations
      specifications, the operations specifications are controlled by the table of contents
      and the signature blocks at the end of each part.

      (1) All paragraphs will be identified and consecutively numbered in the Table of
          Contents. Paragraphs not applicable to the certificate holder/applicant will be
          identified in the Table of Contents as "RESERVED". Therefore, the paragraphs
          that are actually issued to the certificate holder/applicant will not necessarily be
          consecutively numbered. See Table of Contents.

      (2) Each paragraph begins at the top of an operations specifications form. Each
          paragraph is separate and can be added or deleted without affecting other
          paragraphs.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                                 Page 9 of 69
      (3) When a paragraph requires more than one page, the pages will be
          sequentially numbered following the paragraph number, i.e. D71-2.

5. NONSTANDARD PARAGRAPHS

   A. Reserved paragraph D94 is designated for use in developing nonstandard
      paragraphs. Nonstandard paragraphs are outside the new operations
      specifications program and must only be used in situations unique to a specific
      certificate holder.

      (1) A copy of each proposed nonstandard paragraph shall be forwarded under a
          letter of transmittal to the Commissioner for evaluation prior to approval. The
          letter must describe the circumstances and justification for issuance of the
          nonstandard paragraph.

      (2) Commissioner will evaluate each proposed nonstandard paragraph to
          determine the following:

          (a) Alignment with current national policy

          (b) Necessity of the proposed paragraph

          (c) Whether other certificate holders may be similarly affected, necessitating
incorporation of the nonstandard paragraph into the new program

      (3) Commissioner will respond to the certificate holders/applicant’s with a written
          reply indicating approval or disapproval within 10 (ten) working days.

      (4) If additional nonstandard paragraphs are needed for the same certificate
          holder, paragraph numbering shall be D94-1, D94-2, etc.

   B. Each nonstandard paragraph must be entered manually into the table of contents.

      (1) A nonstandard paragraph should be considered for use only when the subject
          matter does not relate to any standard paragraph and it would be inappropriate
          to add the information as an extra subparagraph.

      (2) When issuing a nonstandard, reserved paragraph, the same considerations
          associated with issuing an extra subparagraph must apply.

6. ADDITIONAL TEXT (SUBPARAGRAPHS)

   A. The new operations specifications program will allow additional text to be added to
      each standard paragraph in Parts D and E.

      (1) Additional text should relate to the subject matter of the main     paragraph.
          Inspectors may need to add a subparagraph to address                 certificate
          holder/applicant situations that are unique or to satisfy a          certificate
          holder/applicant's request to have a situation addressed in the     operations
          specifications.



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                            Page 10 of 69
      (2) The provisions within the additional text must not be less restrictive than or
          contrary to the provisions in standard paragraphs.

              (a) If an added subparagraph is more restrictive than the standard, the
                  Inspector must have a justifiable reason since a more restrictive
                  provision results in unique treatment and could adversely affect a
                  certificate holder's competitive position.

              (b) Examples of situations which may justify adding additional text to a
                  standard paragraph include the following:
                  • A series of accident, incident, or enforcement actions
                  • Certificate holder initiated inspection time interval increases without
                     justification
                  • Restrictions or procedures requested by the certificate
                     holder/applicant to be specified in operations specifications

   B. Because the addition of extra subparagraphs makes the entire paragraph
      nonstandard, extra subparagraphs must not be added without prior approval from
      the Commissioner.

   C. A copy of each new operations specifications paragraph incorporating an extra
      subparagraph shall be forwarded to the Commissioner, under a letter of
      transmittal, for approval or disapproval.

       (1) The Commissioner will evaluate each extra subparagraph to determine the
following:
           (a) Alignment with current national policy
           (b) Necessity of the extra subparagraph
           (c) Whether other certificate holders may be similarly affected, necessitating
               incorporation of the extra subparagraph into the new program

      (2) The Commissioner will respond with a written reply, indicating approval or
          disapproval, within 10 (ten) working days.


7. OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FORM (WORKSHEETS)

   A. Operations specifications Form CA AOC-F-011 worksheets are obtainable from
      the CAA website (www.caa.co.za).

   B. The Form CA AOC-F-011 contains blank tables or spaces for entering additional
      information specific to the certificate holder, such as aircraft make, model, and
      series and maintenance authorizations.

      (1) It is highly desirable that the assigned principal Inspectors work closely with
          the certificate holder in preparing the Form CA AOC-F-011 worksheets.

      (2) Principal Inspectors shall review the Form CA AOC-F-011 and ensure the
          information is correct and that appropriate documents are referenced.



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 11 of 69
         Note: Coordination is essential between the Principal Operations and
               Airworthiness Inspectors regarding the information to be added to these
               paragraphs.

   C. When amending an operations specifications paragraph, only those applicable
      pages of the Form CA AOC-F-011 need be completed.

   D. Inspectors can conserve time and effort by working with the certificate
      holder/applicant to verify the accuracy of the information. This cooperation
      enhances mutual understanding concerning added information that will be in the
      standard operations specifications paragraphs. After the operations specifications
      Form CA AOC-F-011 are completed, the data must then be entered into the file
      system.

8. DRAFTS OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

   A. After the information from the Air Operator data entry forms and the operations
      specifications Form CA AOC-F-011 has been entered into the file system,
      Inspectors should issued a draft of the operations specifications paragraphs. This
      draft should be reviewed to verify that appropriate paragraphs for the particular
      certificate holder/applicant have been selected.

      (1) After verifying that the appropriate paragraphs have been selected and printed,
          Inspectors must proofread the added information for accuracy. Any corrections
          must be annotated and reentered into the file system.

   B. Inspectors should coordinate the draft operations specifications with the certificate
      holder/applicant. This coordination keeps the certificate holder/applicant involved
      throughout the preparation of the operations specifications. It provides an
      opportunity to develop a common understanding between the certificate
      holder/applicant and the CAA about the authorizations, limitations, and provisions
      in the operations specifications. The certificate holder/applicant also has the
      opportunity to verify that the updated information is correct.

9. PRINTING NEW OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

   A. After the draft operations specifications have been reviewed, verified for accuracy,
      and coordinated with the certificate holder/applicant, they are printed on blank
      bond paper which then becomes Form CA AOC-F-011 Operations Specifications,
      as amended.

   B. The Form CA AOC-F-011 is to begin each paragraph on a new page, although a
      single paragraph may take several pages.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 12 of 69
10. REVIEW, APPROVAL, AND DISTRIBUTION OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

   A. General.
      Operations specifications are legal documents and care must be taken in their
      preparation. Operations specifications may be approved only by the SM or by the
      respective HOO to sign for him in his absence.

   B. Final CAA Review.
      Assigned principal Inspectors shall review the operations specifications for
      accuracy and completeness of the added information. This added information will
      be in upper case letters for ease of review.

      (1) New operations specifications paragraphs shall be checked to ensure the
          following:

         (a) The effective date appears in the bottom left corner

         (b) Operator's certificate number appears in the center of the page

         (c) Operator's correct name appears in the center bottom of the page

         (d) The certificate holder has included each change to the times in the
             operations specifications or an attached list

         (e) The certificate holder has provided the supporting information reference

         (f) The title, date, and authorized signature of the certificate holder are
             completed

      (2) Maintenance Time Limitations Sections shall be reviewed to ensure the
          following:

         (a) The page headings include the make, model, and series of the aircraft

         (b) The effective date is in the lower left corner

         (c) The page number is in the lower right corner

         (d) The operator's certificate number is in the center of the page

   B. Approving Operations Specifications

      To approve operations specifications, the principal Inspector shall enter the
      effective date and amendment number (for original issuance enter "Original or
      Org". The Inspector's name must be manually entry in the space provided. The
      last paragraph page of the original operations specifications must be signed by
      the respective SM Operations and Airworthiness. This signature must be in ink.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                             Page 13 of 69
   C. Distribution of Operations Specifications (Including Part 135)

      (1) After approving the operations specifications, the CAA shall forward the
          original and copy of each paragraph and each Maintenance Time Limitations
          Section page (if applicable) to the certificate holder's authorized to receive
          operations specifications. The certificate holder shall retain the original,
          indicate receipt on the copy, and return the copy to the CAA office.

      (2) CAA shall keep the copies of all operations specifications on file at the CAA
          Office. Superseded operations specifications shall be retained for at least 5
          years.

      (3) Nonstandard paragraphs shall be distributed in accordance with the
          instructions in Paragraph 6a(1) and (2) of this chapter.

11. AMENDMENT OR CANCELLATION OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

   A. Effective Date.
      Except for emergency amendments, amendments to operations specifications
      become effective on the date the amendment is approved by the Commissioner.
      At this time the Inspector must date and stamp "superseded" on all versions of the
      old operations specifications.

   B. Amendments Not Acceptable to the Operator.
      When an amendment is necessary in the interest of safety and the certificate
      holder will not consent to the amendment, the following procedures shall apply:

      (1) The described amendment to the operations specifications shall be prepared
          and forwarded to The Commissioner.

      (2) A letter of transmittal shall be prepared, addressed to the highest authority in
          the certificate holder's organization who handles maintenance matters. The
          letter shall indicate that "In accordance with the applicable provisions of the
          regulations (Section 121, 127 or 135.), the Commissioner hereby amends the
          existing operations specifications in the following manner for the reasons
          indicated and that the amendment will become effective 30 days from receipt".

       (3) The letter of transmittal and the amended operations specifications shall be
           forwarded to the certificate holder by certified mail to establish the date of
           receipt.

   C. Emergency Amendments.
      By the authority in CAR 121, 127, and 135. the Commissioner may require
      immediate amendment to a certificate holder's operations specifications when
      such action is required to ensure safety. Extreme caution should be exercised
      when employing emergency amendment procedures. When this action is deemed
      necessary, the following shall be accomplished:




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                              Page 14 of 69
       (1) The Inspector recommending such action shall inform the relevant SM of all
           pertinent facts

       (2) If an emergency amendment is determined to be the proper and necessary
           course of action, the Inspector who recommended the action will be so
           advised. That Inspector will then notify the certificate holder in writing.

   D. Cancellation of Operations Specifications.

       (1) Certificate holder initiated cancellation of operations specifications.
           The certificate holder should advise the CAA, in writing, of the particular
           specification for which cancellation is desired and the effective date of the
           cancellation.

          (a) Upon receipt of the cancellation request, the Inspector shall stamp or mark
              "canceled" across the face of the applicable specification, along with the
              cancellation date.

          (b) The CAA should advise the certificate holder of the operations
              specifications of the cancellation date. Canceled operations specifications
              shall be retained for at least 5 years.

        (2) CAA initiated cancellation of operations specifications.
In cases where an operations specification is no longer required, the CAA shall notify the
certificate holder, in writing, to cancel the specification. The letter must clearly state that
the specification is being canceled, the effective date of cancellation, and the reason.




CA AOC-002a                               9 July 2007                               Page 15 of 69
                                       CHAPTER 2

                GENERAL OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS - PART A.

   Specific paragraphs within this part are the joint responsibility of the Principal
   Operations and Airworthiness Inspectors. Approval of these paragraphs may be
   indicated by the signature of any one of those assigned principal Inspectors, SM
   Operations and Airworthiness.

   The following is a list of the paragraphs:

      A1         Issuance and applicability
      A2         Definitions and abbreviations
      A3         Airplane / aircraft authorizations
      A4         Summary of special authorizations and limitations
      A5         Exemptions and deviations
      A6         Management personnel
      A7         Other designated persons
      A8         Operational control
      A9         Airport aeronautical data
      A10        Aeronautical weather data
      A11        Approved carry-on baggage program
      A12        Domestic operations to certain foreign airports
      A13        Part 121 operations without certain emergency equipment
      A14        IFR operations outside controlled airspace
      A15        Autopilot in lieu of required second in command
      A16        Single pilot , single pilot in command , or basic part 135 operators
      A17        Approved security program for helicopters
      A18        Schedule helicopter operations
      A19        Automotive gasoline as aircraft fuel
      A20        Airplane operations without instrument rated pilots
      A21        Aeromedical helicopter operations
      A28        Aircraft wet lease arrangements
      A29        Aircraft interchange arrangements
      A30        Part 121 supplemental operations

   A. Paragraph A1 - ISSUANCE AND APPLICABILITY

      (1) Paragraph A1 identifies the operations specifications holder.

          The name of the certificate holder/applicant is printed as it appears in the Air
          Operator Information data.

          (a) A1a specifies the kinds of operations authorized and the applicable
              regulatory sections under which the operations are to be conducted.

          (b) Variable wording is determined from the information entered into the Form
              CA AOC-F-011 from the Air Operator Information.




CA AOC-002a                              9 July 2007                             Page 16 of 69
      (2) CAR Part 121.

         Four kinds of CAR Part 121 operations can be authorized by paragraph A1a. A
         certificate holder/applicant can be authorized for only one of the four. The 4
         (four) kinds of operations are as follows:

         (a) Domestic Operations.

              Domestic operations are conducted pursuant to CAR 121. This kind of
              operation authorizes, carriage of passengers and cargo in scheduled
              operations within the RSA. A certificate holder authorized for domestic
              operations is automatically authorized to conduct supplemental
              (nonscheduled) operations in accordance with paragraph A30 of the
              operations specifications.

         (b) Domestic and International Operations.

              Domestic and International operations are conducted pursuant to CAR 121.
              A certificate holder authorized to conduct International operations is also
              authorized to conduct domestic operations. This kind of operation
              authorizes, carriage of passengers and cargo in domestic and international
              scheduled operations. A certificate holder authorized for domestic and
              International operations is automatically authorized to conduct
              supplemental (nonscheduled) operations in accordance with paragraph
              A30 of the operations specifications.

         (c) Supplemental Operations.

              Supplemental operations are conducted pursuant to CAR 121. This kind of
              operation authorizes, carriage of passengers and cargo in nonscheduled
              operations. A certificate holder authorized for only supplemental operations
              is not authorized to conduct domestic or International operations.

         (d) Supplemental, Cargo Only Operations.

              Supplemental, cargo only operations are conducted pursuant to CAR 121.
              This kind of operation authorizes, only the carriage of cargo.

   B. Paragraph A2 - DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS.

      Paragraph A2 includes the definitions of words or phrases used in other
      operations specifications paragraphs as developed by CAA. The intent of these
      definitions is to enhance the understanding between CAA and the aviation
      industry.

      (1) CAA developed definitions shall not be changed and definitions will be added
          when it becomes apparent that the definition is needed.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                             Page 17 of 69
      (2) The proposed addition of a definition by CAA makes the entire paragraph
          nonstandard. In this case, the operations specifications paragraph must be
          processed as described in Chapter 1, Paragraph 6.

   C. Paragraph A3 - AIRLINE/AIRCRAFT AUTHORIZATION.

      A3 authorizes a certificate holder to use a specific make/model/series of airplanes
      or aircraft in CAR Part 121 or 135 operations. The following provides additional
      direction for the information fields that must be added to this paragraph.

      (1) Make/Model/Series, CAR Parts 121 and 135.

         When entering an authorized make/model/series into either the Air Operator
         Information file or data entry form, it should be precisely copied (including any
         abbreviation) from the Type Certificate (TC) Listing.

         (a) The file system edits the make/model/series being entered. If it is not
             precisely the same as found in the TC Listing, verification of the operator
             file is required.

         (b) If the appropriate make/model/series cannot be found in the TC Listing,
             Inspectors should immediately notify CAA, so that the table can be
             updated.

      (2) CAR Part 121.

         The following choices must be made in order to determine the correct CAR
         Part 121 airline/aircraft authorization:

         (a) Passenger Seating Capacity or Cargo Only. The passenger seating
             capacity used by the certificate holder during the emergency evacuation
             demonstration required by CASR 121 for each make/model/series listed
             must be entered in the column labeled "DEMONSTRATED". If the
             demonstrated passenger seating capacity applies to more than one series
             of a particular make and model, the seating capacity must be listed for
             each series to which it applies.

         (b) It is unnecessary to list seating configurations used by the certificate holder
             that are less than the demonstrated seating capacity. The demonstrated
             seating capacity shall also be listed in the column labeled "APPROVED".
             However, if the certificate holder requests a higher seating capacity than
             that demonstrated by the certificate holder, the Principal Operations
             Inspector may approve the higher capacity under the following conditions:


              •   The higher seating capacity does not require another emergency
                  evacuation demonstration to be conducted in accordance with CAR
                  121.




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 18 of 69
              •   The higher seating capacity does not exceed the maximum approved
                  passenger seating capacities.

              •   The Principal Operations Inspector lists the higher seating capacity in
                  the column labeled "APPROVED".

         (c) If the airplane is configured for cargo only, the phrase "Cargo Only" shall be
             entered in the column labeled "APPROVED". In some situations, such as
             combination passenger/cargo configurations, the approved seating
             capacity and the required number of flight attendants may need
             elaboration. This elaboration should be accomplished by adding an extra
             nonstandard paragraph.

         (d) The number of flight attendants used during the emergency evacuation
             demonstration must be entered for each make/model/series listed, unless
             the aircraft is configured for cargo only.

         (e) The total number of aircraft, per make/model/series, to be operated by the
             operator

      (3) CAR Part 135.

          The following choices or data must be entered to determine the correct CAR
          Part 135 airline/aircraft authorization:

         (a) Enter the appropriate class of operation for each make/model/series listed.
             Only one of the five classes of operation shall be entered for each
             make/model/series. The 4 classes of operation for CAR Part 135
             operations are:

              •   Single Engine Land (SEL)
              •   Single Engine Sea (SES)
              •   Multiengine Land (MEL)
              •   Multiengine Sea (MES)

         (b) Determine if the make/model/series are Turbine powered

         (c) Determine if the make/model/series are restricted to VFR operations only

         (d) Determine if the make/model/series are approved for daylight conditions
             only

         (e) Determine if the make/model/series fly commuter services

         (f) Determine if the make/model/series are approved for passenger service
             (number of seats) or configured for cargo only

         (g) Enter the flight attendant requirement for each make/model/series, if
             required




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                             Page 19 of 69
         (h) Enter the total number of aircraft, per make/model/series, to be operated by
             the operator

   D. Paragraph A4 - SUMMARY OF SPECIAL AUTHORIZATIONS AND
      LIMITATIONS.

      This paragraph summarizes special authorizations and/or limitations applicable to
      a particular certificate holder. The file system provides the special paragraphs that
      authorize a specific activity to prints the titles of the paragraphs or equivalent
      phrases.

      (1) When printed in A4a, the title (or equivalent phrase) completes the lead-in
          phrase authorizing the specific activity and reference number of the paragraph.

         (a) When a certificate holder is capable of conducting the activity which a
             special paragraph would permit but the certificate holder is not authorized
             to conduct that activity, the file system prints the title (or equivalent phrase)
             of the special paragraph in subparagraph A4b. When printed in A4b, the
             title or equivalent wording completes the lead-in phrase prohibiting the
             certificate holder from conducting the activity.

         (b) If the certificate holder is not capable of conducting the special activity, or
             the special activity is not applicable to the certificate holder, the title or
             equivalent wording is not printed in either subparagraphs A4a or A4b.

   E. Paragraph A5 - EXEMPTIONS AND DEVIATIONS.

      In order for a certificate holder to conduct operations under the provisions of any
      exemption or deviation, the exemption or deviation must be listed in paragraph
      A5.

      (1) Exemptions.
          The current exemption number and expiration date must be entered in A5a.
          List the exemption numbers in numerical order. In the space labeled "Remarks
          and/or References" (adjacent to each exemption) enter a brief description of
          the exemption or, if appropriate, the exempted regulations.

         (a) If certain conditions or limitations related to the exemption are specified in
             another paragraph of the operations specifications, the reference number
             of the other paragraph must also be entered in this space.

         (b) For example, if a single HF radio is permitted by exemption in certain areas
             of an enroute operation, a reference to paragraph B50 should be made,
             such as "see paragraph B50". In this example, the appropriate areas of
             enroute operation in paragraph B50 should contain a note authorizing the
             provisions of that exemption for those areas.

      (2) Deviations. (To be developed)
          The applicable CASR sections to which a deviation has been granted must be
          entered in A5b. List the deviations in numerical order by CASR section. In the



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                                Page 20 of 69
         space labeled "Remarks and/or References" (adjacent to each deviation)
         briefly describe the provisions of the deviation or indicate a reference number
         for the standard operations specifications paragraph that authorizes the
         deviation.

         (a) For example, if a certificate holder is granted a deviation to permit the same
             person to serve as director of operations and director of maintenance, the
             applicable CASR section must be listed in the Applicable CASR Section
             column. In the "Remarks and/or Reference" space enter "See paragraph
             A6".

         (b) A standard operations specifications paragraph must be referenced and
             issued when granting deviations to the subject areas Requiring Operations
             Specifications Paragraphs.

   F. Paragraph A6 - MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL

      (1) A certificate holder's management personnel may have titles different from
          titles of management positions used in the Civil Aviation Regulations. The
          intent of paragraph A6 is to identify clearly the certificate holder's management
          personnel who are fulfilling Civil Aviation Regulations management positions.
          A6 is also used to approve deviations from required management positions.
          Approval of these deviations must be indicated in A6 as follows:

         (a) For deviations permitting less than the required management positions,
             leave blank the positions that are not filled. Also leave management
             positions for Single Pilot Operators and Single Pilot in Command Operators
             blank.

         (b) For deviations permitting the same person to fill two or more positions,
             enter the name and title of that person in the appropriate position.

         (c) For deviations permitting a person to hold a management position when
             that person does not meet the regulatory qualification requirements, enter
             the name and title of that person in the appropriate position.

         (d) In all cases the appropriate regulatory section must be listed in paragraph
             A5(b) of the operations specifications.

      (2) The file provides management information for A6 from the Air Operator
          Information file. The Air Operator Information file must be correct in order to
          reflect the desired information required for operations specifications.

         (a) An extra paragraph may be added to A6 without making it nonstandard,
             provided the extra paragraph is used to identify additional management
             positions (such as more than one chief pilot) or to specify conditions of a
             deviation.




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 21 of 69
         (b) If the extra paragraph provides for anything other than identifying additional
             management personnel or specifying the conditions of a deviation, it must
             be processed as a nonstandard paragraph.

   G. Paragraph A7 - OTHER DESIGNATED PERSONS.

      (1) Agent For Service. An agent for service is a person or company designated by
          the certificate holder upon whom all legal notices, processes and orders,
          decisions, and requirements of the CAA shall be serviced.

         (a) Once any of these documents has been served upon the certificate
             holder's agent for service, the certificate holder cannot legally claim non
             receipt of the documents.

         (b) The name, title, and address of the agent for service must be obtained from
             the certificate holder and correctly entered into the Air Operator
             correspondence file.

      (2) Persons Designated to Apply for and Receive Operations Specifications.
          Names and titles of designated by the certificate holder as authorized to apply
          for and receive operations specifications must be entered in subparagraph
          A7b. The operations specifications parts for which the designated person is
          responsible must also be entered. Principal Inspectors may determine that it is
          appropriate to have signatures of these designated persons recorded in this
          subparagraph on the original operations specifications.

   H. Paragraph A8 - OPERATIONAL CONTROL

      (1) Each CAR Part 121 and 135 certificate holder must have a system and/or
          procedures for the operational control of flight movements. The intent of A8 is
          to promote a mutual understanding between a certificate holder and the
          Commissioner concerning the system and/or procedures used by that
          certificate holder. The three basic systems and/or procedures requirements
          are:

         (a) Dispatch systems that are required for CAR Part 121 Domestic and
             International operations

         (b) Flight following systems that are required for CAR Part 121 supplemental
             operations when the certificate holder does not have an established
             dispatch system

         (c) Flight locating procedures that are used by CAR Part 135 certificate
             holders

      (2) The system and/or procedures used by a certificate holder must be described
          or referenced in A8. It is preferable to complete A8 with references to a
          certificate holder's manual or sections of a certificate holder's manual that
          describe the system and/or procedures used by that certificate holder. It is not
          necessary to control these references by date.



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 22 of 69
         (a) The references should be changed only when a revision to the certificate
             holder's manual makes the reference in the operations specifications
             incorrect. When a certificate holder's manual does not adequately describe
             the system and/or procedures used, a narrative description combined with
             references may be necessary.

         (b) In many cases (especially with smaller CAR Part 135 certificate holders) it
             may not be appropriate to use references in this paragraph. In these cases
             narrative description may be necessary. When a narrative description is
             used, it should be brief but provide sufficient information so that the CAA
             and the certificate holder have the same understanding about the system
             and/or procedures used by the certificate holder.

      (3) The description of the systems and/or procedures for controlling flight
          movement as described in the operator's manual and referenced in the
          operations specifications or as described in the operations specifications
          should include the following information, as appropriate:

         •    Methods and procedures for initiating, diverting, and terminating flights
         •    Persons or duty positions authorized to exercise, and responsible for
              exercising, operational control
         •    Facilities and location of facilities used by the operator in the exercise of
              operational control
         •    Communication systems and procedures used by the operator
         •    Special coordination methods and/or procedures used by the operator to
              assure the aircraft is airworthy
         •    Emergency notification procedures

   I. Paragraph A9 - AIRPORT AERONAUTICAL DATA.

      (1) Part 121 operators shall have an approved system for obtaining, maintaining,
          and distributing airport aeronautical data. A9 provides the method for
          approving airport aeronautical data systems for Part 121 operators. Part 135
          operators should obtain, maintain, and distribute essentially the same types of
          airport aeronautical data. Although a Part 135 operator is not required to
          obtain CAA approval of the system used, A9 provides a method of promoting
          the same understanding between the operator and the CAA concerning the
          system used to comply with the regulations pertinent to airport aeronautical
          data.

      (2) The system approved for Part 121 operators or used by Part 135 operators
          must be described or referenced in A9. When possible, the paragraph should
          be completed by referencing pertinent sections of the operator's manual or
          other documents which describe the system used by the operator. When the
          airport aeronautical data system is not described in a manual or another
          document, a narrative description of the system must be used to complete A9.
          When a narrative description (or outline) is used, it should be brief but provide
          sufficient information which describes the system used to obtain, maintain,
          and distribute required airport aeronautical data.



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 23 of 69
   J. Paragraph A10 - AERONAUTICAL WEATHER DATA.

      (1) Numerous regulatory requirements in Parts 121 and 135 require operators to
          have or use a system for obtaining and disseminating aeronautical weather
          data. The intent of A10 is to promote the same understanding between the
          operator and the CAA concerning the system used for obtaining and
          disseminating required weather data. A10 provides the method for approving
          adverse weather phenomena collection and dissemination system.

      (2) Enhanced Weather Information Systems (EWINS) are approved by paragraph
          A10. Approval for an operator to use an EWINS shall be accomplished by
          referencing the EWINS Policy and Procedures Manual in A10. The original
          date of the EWINS manual and the last revision must also be referenced in
          A10.

      (3) For Part 121 operators who are not approved to use an EWINS but must
          obtain approval of an Adverse Weather Phenomena Reporting and
          Forecasting System, A10 must be completed as follows:

         (a) Approval of the operator's Adverse Weather Phenomena Reporting and
             Forecasting System shall be accomplished by referencing sections of the
             operator's manual or other documents which describe the system. If such
             manual sections or other documents do not clearly describe the Adverse
             Weather Phenomena Reporting and Forecasting System, a narrative
             description (combined with references where available) of the approved
             system must be added to paragraph A10.

         (b) Additionally, the methods used by the operator for obtaining and
             disseminating other types of weather data (not related to the approved
             Adverse Weather Phenomena Reporting and Forecasting System) must
             also be referenced or narratively described in A10.

      (4) For Part 121 supplemental operators, and Part 135 operators who do not use
          an approved EWINS, paragraph A10 shall be completed by referencing
          sections of the operator's manuals or by a narrative description of the
          operator's system for obtaining and disseminating weather data. A narrative
          description or outline should be brief but present sufficient information about
          the system or procedures used.


   K. Paragraph A11 - APPROVED CARRY-ON BAGGAGE PROGRAM.

      CAR Part 121 requires operators to have an approved carry-on baggage program.
      This regulation also requires CAA approval to be in the operator's OpSpecs. The
      approved program must be described or referenced in paragraph A11. It is
      preferable to approve the program by referencing a separate carry-on baggage
      document developed by the operator which describes the program. However, the
      operator may elect to implement the carry-on baggage program by describing the
      requirements of the program in various sections of its manuals such as the



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 24 of 69
      passenger services manual and the flight attendant manual. In this case, approval
      of the carry-on baggage should be made by referencing specific sections of the
      pertinent manuals in A11. Reference to the approved program in the OpSpecs
      must be controlled by revision number and/or date, as appropriate. When an
      operator's manual or separate carry-on baggage document does not adequately
      describe the approved carry-on baggage program, a combination of references
      and narrative description may be necessary. The description of the approved
      carry-on baggage program must address the items discussed in CA AOC-009.

   L. Paragraph A12 - DOMESTIC OPERATIONS TO CERTAIN FOREIGN
      AIRPORTS.

      (1) Operators authorized to conduct domestic and International operations must
          comply with the regulations of Part 121 applicable to domestic operations on
          segments of routes outside the Republic of South Africa provided specific
          authorization is obtained from the Commissioner. A12 is the method for
          authorizing these types of operations. When authorized to conduct domestic
          operations to foreign airports, the operator must comply with all regulations
          applicable to domestic operations (including flight time limitations and rest
          requirements).

      (2) Authorization to comply with regulations applicable to domestic operations is
          granted by listing the Indonesian airport and the foreign airport pairs (with IATA
          identifiers) in which scheduled operations (to and from) will be conducted. No
          special training or procedural requirements needs to be accomplished before
          granting this authorization unless there are procedural requirements which are
          new to the operator or its crewmembers. This authorization shall be granted
          only when the scheduled operation is "to or from" on South African airport
          within the Republic of South Africa. This authorization shall not be granted
          when the enroute portion of the flight outside of the Republic of South Africa
          exceeds 2 hours. The reasons for the 2 hour limitation include the following:

         (a) For most aircraft, the fuel reserve requirements for domestic and
             International operations become approximately equivalent for flights of
             about 2 to 2 1/2 hours total flight time.

         (b) Limiting the segment of flight outside South Africa to 2 hours results in any
             flight segment beyond 2 hours to be conducted in South African airspace,
             in radar contact, with reliable communication and known or accurately
             forecasted weather information. Therefore, the portion of the flight beyond
             2 hours is equivalent to existing domestic operations and fuel reserve
             requirements.

      (3) If an operator requests a deviation from the fuel reserve requirements
          applicable to flag operations (CASR 121.645), the procedures for issuance of
          OpSpecs paragraph B43 must be followed.

   M. Paragraph A13 - PART 121 OPERATIONS WITHOUT CERTAIN EMERGENCY
      EQUIPMENT.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 25 of 69
      Part 121 operators may apply for a deviation from the Regulations to permit
      extended over water operations without carrying certain emergency ditching
      equipment. A13 provides the method for approving these deviations. Approval is
      indicated by listing in A13 the make and model of the aircraft and the routes
      and/or areas to which the deviation applies. The relevant Regulation must be
      listed in OpSpecs paragraph A5 with the reference to A13. It is CAA policy that
      deviations from the requirement to carry life preservers (CAR 121 shall not be
      approved. However, deviations from the requirements for carrying life rafts and
      associated survival kits (CAR 121, pyrotechnic signaling devices (CAR 121.) and
      emergency locator transmitters 121. may be approved, provided the following
      conditions are met.

      (1) The operator submits an application requesting the deviation with at least the
          following information to support the request.

         (a) Engine reliability data for the aircraft to be used, including total engine
             hours, number of in-flight shutdowns and in-flight shutdown rates. This
             information must include fleet wide data and data pertinent to the operator's
             aircraft.

         (b) Aircraft operational capabilities concerning a diversion due to an engine
             failure. This information must include drift-down profiles, single engine
             cruise performance for two and three engine aircraft, and two engine cruise
             performance for four engine aircraft.

         (c) The areas of enroute operation and/or routes over which provisions of the
             deviation will apply including proposed minimum enroute altitudes and
             airports which could be used if a diversion is necessary. OIs should be
             aware that A13c contains a limitation that requires that in-flight operations
             are not to exceed 162 nautical miles from a shoreline at any time.

         (d) Navigation and communication equipment requirements and capabilities for
             normal flight conditions and for engine inoperative flight conditions in the
             proposed areas of enroute operation.

         (e) Existing and/or proposed procedures for diversion contingency planning
             and training curriculums for flight and cabin crewmembers concerning
             ditching without life rafts.

         (f) A description of search and rescue facilities and capabilities for the
             proposed areas of enroute operations.

      (2) The OI in coordination with the AI must evaluate and substantiate submitted
          information. If a OI does not concur with the operator's proposal, a letter
          denying the application for a deviation with an explanation of the reasons for
          denial shall be forwarded to the operator. If a OI concurs that the deviations
          should be approved, a recommendation shall be prepared and forwarded
          along with the operator's application and supporting information to the
          Commissioner.




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                              Page 26 of 69
      (3) The Commissioner will review the application, the supporting information, and
          the OI's recommendation. If the Commissioner agrees with the OI's
          recommendation, the OI will be advised by letter of the concurrence. With the
          Commissioners concurrence the OI may approve the deviation by issuing A13.

   N. Paragraph A14 - IFR OPERATIONS OUTSIDE CONTROLLED AIRSPACE.

      Paragraph B32 of the OpSpecs prohibits IFR operations outside of controlled
      airspace unless the OI approves such operations by issuing A14. IFR operations
      outside of controlled airspace are not provided any ATC separation services. The
      certificate holder and the pilot in command are responsible for avoiding obstacles
      and other air traffic. A14 provides authorization for two types of IFR operations
      outside of controlled airspace. One or both types of these operations may by
      authorized.

      (1)Terminal Area IFR Operations Outside Controlled Airspace. This type of
         operation includes approaches to, and departures from, terminal areas outside
         of controlled airspace or at locations without an operating control tower. Before
         authorizing this type of operation, the OI must confirm the operator has a
         method or procedure for assuring the facilities and services necessary for safe
         operations are operational at the airport during periods in which flight
         operations are to occur. The POI must confirm the operator has developed
         procedures and guidance for crewmember use while operating at these
         terminal areas. When terminal area IFR operations outside controlled airspace
         or at locations without operating control towers are authorized, OpSpecs
         paragraph C64 will automatically be printed for issuance. If the proposed
         operations are scheduled operations, additional information must be obtained
         from the operator and evaluated in order to complete C64.

      (2) Enroute IFR Operations Outside Controlled Airspace. Before authorizing
          enroute IFR operations outside of controlled airspace, the POI must confirm
          the operator has a method or procedure for assuring that any facilities and
          services which this type of operation depends upon are operational during the
          periods in which flights are to occur. The OI must also confirm the operator has
          developed procedures and guidance for crewmember use while operating in
          areas of enroute operation outside of controlled airspace. Aeronautical
          Information Publications (AIPs) have broadcast in the blind procedures and
          other guidance for crewmember use when large areas of uncontrolled airspace
          are within the area covered by the AIP.

   O. A15 - AUTOPILOT IN LIEU OF REQUIRED SECOND IN COMMAND.

      (1) A Part 135 operator may apply for authorization to use an autopilot in place of
          a second in command. The OI must ensure each particular aircraft/autopilot
          combination is installed in accordance with approved data, is airworthy, and is
          operationally capable of maintaining control of the aircraft to the degree
          Approved by an AI.

      (2) The aircraft make and model and the autopilot manufacturer and model
          identification must be listed in paragraph A15. Any conditions or limitations



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 27 of 69
         which the OI determines necessary for a particular aircraft/autopilot
         combination must also be listed. It is not necessary to repeat conditions or
         limitations already specified in an AFM or AFM supplement. If no conditions or
         limitations apply, enter the word "none" in that part of the listing. The following
         is an example of how this operator specific information should be added to this
         paragraph.


         AIRCRAFT            AUTOPILOT SYSTEM                     ADDITIONAL
        MAKE/MODEL          MANUFACTURER/MODEL               CONDITIONS/LIMITATIONS

       CESSNA 337 A        CESSNA NAVOMATIC 300              NONE


   P. Paragraph A16 - SINGLE PILOT, SINGLE PILOT IN COMMAND, OR BASIC
      PART 135 OPERATORS.

      A16 comprises four different paragraphs. Only one of these paragraphs will be
      issued. The four types of operations authorized by A16 are: Single Pilot
      Operators, Single Pilot in Command Operators, Part 135 Operators. A deviation is
      required to authorize a Single Pilot In Command or a Basic Part 135 Operator.
      Therefore, the appropriate regulatory sections and paragraph A16 must be listed
      in A5 of the Operations Specifications and the Air Operator file must indicate that
      a deviation is authorized.

   Q. Paragraph A17 - APPROVED SECURITY PROGRAM FOR HELICOPTERS.

      (1) CAR do not include provisions for helicopter security programs. Helicopter
          operators who wish to enplane or deplane passengers or checked luggage into
          "sterile areas" must apply for, and receive authorization to use, an approved
          security program. A17 conveys the authority for helicopter operators to use an
          approved security program. OIs shall not issue A17 without concurrence of the
          airport authority.

      (2) The security program used by the operator must be described or referenced in
          A17a. It is preferable to reference sections of the operator's manual which
          describe the program used by that operator. It is not necessary to control these
          references by date. The references should be changed only when a revision to
          the operator's manual makes the reference in the OpSpecs incorrect. When
          the operator's manual does not adequately describe the system and/or
          procedures used, a narrative description combined with references may be
          necessary.

      (3) The airports and/or heliports in which compliance with the approved security
          program is required must be listed in A17b.

   R. Paragraph A18 - SCHEDULED HELICOPTER OPERATIONS.

      Helicopter operators who operate scheduled passenger or cargo carrying
      operations must be issued A18.



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                               Page 28 of 69
      (1) Subparagraph A18a(2) authorizes scheduled helicopter operations along
          "Restricted Helicopter Routes" with helicopters which do not have Transport
          Category "A" one engine inoperative performance capabilities. The operator
          must show that helicopters using these routes can, at any point along the route
          and while at the minimum authorized altitude, complete a safe approach and
          landing if power plant failure occurs. Determining compliance with these
          conditions will almost always be a controversial and difficult inspector task. For
          this reason, only currently qualified and highly experienced helicopter
          specialists (no such animal) should be used to evaluate these types of routes.
          In controversial cases, a team of helicopter specialists should be employed for
          this task.

      (2) "Restricted Helicopter Routes" must be precisely defined in B50. In certain
          situations, detailed descriptions (including maps, charts, ATC letters of
          agreement, special provisions and limitations) of "Restricted Helicopter
          Routes" may be lengthy and complex. Therefore, it is permissible to
          incorporate these documents in B50 by reference. The following is an example
          of incorporation by reference.

              AUTHORIZED AREAS OF ENROUTE                LIMITATIONS, PROVISIONS,
                       OPERATION                       AND REFERENCE PARAGRAPHS
          1. Select the following, as applicable.
          a. The 27 provinces of Republic        B31, B32
          Indonesia                              Note 1
          Special Requirements: Note 1. RESTRICTED HELICOPTER ROUTES: The
          certificate holder's Pilot Operations Manual, Chapter 5, "Helicopter Routes,"
          dated _______, is incorporated in paragraph B50 of these operations
          specifications and may not be amended except by amendment of these
          operations specifications. Compliance with the provisions of Chapter 5,
          "Helicopter Routes" is required.


   S. Paragraph A19 - AUTOMOTIVE GASOLINE AS AIRCRAFT FUEL.

      Not Applicable in RSA

   T. Paragraph A20 - AIRPLANE OPERATIONS WITHOUT INSTRUMENT RATED
      PILOTS.

      To be included at a later date

   U. Paragraph A21 - AEROMEDICAL HELICOPTER OPERATIONS.

      (1) This paragraph authorizes a certificate holder operating in accordance with
          Part 127 to conduct VFR emergency medical service (EMS) operations in
          helicopters. This authorization requires that the intended takeoff and landing
          site be adequate for the proposed operation considering the size of the site,
          type of surface, surrounding obstructions, and lighting. If the operation is to be
          conducted at night, the takeoff and landing site must be clearly illuminated by a



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 29 of 69
         lighting source that will provide adequate lighting for the site itself and for any
         obstructions which may create potential hazards during approach, hovering,
         taxiing, and departure operations.

      (2) The certificate holder may not use a pilot in command in emergency medical
          service operations unless that PIC has satisfactorily completed the certificate
          holder's CAA approved training program for such operations. Since EMS
          operations often involve flights during periods of inclement weather, the
          training program for EMS operations should include a segment which covers
          the recovery from inadvertent IFR conditions encountered because of
          unforecasted weather conditions.

      (3) Paragraph A21b. specifies the conditions (day/night), area (local/cross-
          country), ceiling, and visibility the certificate holder is authorized to use for an
          EMS operation. Each specific combination of conditions and areas should be
          listed in A21b. The four possible combinations of conditions and area
          authorizations are day/local, night/local, day/cross-country, and night/cross-
          country. Each of these combinations should be specified along with ceiling and
          visibility authorizations. If a specific condition and area is not authorized, the
          condition and area should be listed and the words "Not Authorized" should be
          entered across the ceiling and visibility columns.

      (4) A21c. contains a description of the "local area." The local area is an area
          designated by the certificate holder which may not exceed 100 nautical miles
          from the dispatch location, taking into account man-made and natural
          geographic terrain features that are easily identifiable by the PIC, and from
          which the PIC may visually determine a position at all times. The local area
          may be the same for night and day operations unless the terrain features used
          for the day local area would not be discernable at night. In such a case, both a
          day and night local area must be described. For example, in mountainous or
          desert locations, geographical terrain features may facilitate day operations but
          because of the lack of such features and/or lighted landmarks, night operations
          would not be authorized.

   V. Paragraph A28 - AIRCRAFT WET LEASE ARRANGEMENTS.

      When a wet lease arrangement is authorized, A28 shall be issued only to the
      certificate holder who (as determined by the CAA) has operational control. If the
      certificate holder maintains operational control in more than one lease agreement,
      all such agreements must be authorized by A28. The name of the lessor and
      lessee of each agreement must be entered in the columns provided. The aircraft
      make/model/series used in each agreement, and the expiration date of each
      agreement, must be entered in the columns provided. The kind of operation is
      automatically specified in A1 of the certificate holder's OpSpecs. If it is necessary
      to specify other conditions or limitations, they should be specified by adding text to
      A28.


   W. Paragraph A29 - AIRCRAFT INTERCHANGE ARRANGEMENTS.




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      When an interchange arrangement is authorized, A29 shall be issued to both
      parties of the interchange agreement by each responsible OI. All interchange
      arrangements authorized for an operator must be listed in A29. The name of the
      operator who would normally operate the aircraft if an interchange agreement
      were not in effect, must be entered in the column labeled "Primary Operator." The
      name of the other party to the interchange agreement must be listed in the column
      labeled "Interchange Operator." The aircraft make/model/series of the aircraft
      used and all specified interchange points for each agreement must be listed in the
      appropriate columns. If it is necessary to specify other conditions or limitations
      such as expiration dates, they should be specified by adding text to A29.

   X. Paragraph A30 - PART 121 SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS.

      OpSpecs paragraph A30 is printed for issuance to operators who conduct
      domestic operations or domestic and International operations. A30 authorizes
      these operators to conduct nonscheduled operations and specifies the regulations
      applicable    to     the    kind   of    operation     to     be     conducted.




CA AOC-002a                           9 July 2007                             Page 31 of 69
                               CHAPTER 3
              ENROUTE AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS - PART B

   Specific paragraphs within this part are the joint responsibility of the Operations and
   Airworthiness Inspectors. Approval of these paragraphs may be indicated by the
   signature of any one of those assigned Inspectors, SM Operations and/or
   Airworthiness

   The following is a list of the paragraphs:

      B31     Areas of en-route operation
      B32     En-route limitations and provisions
      B33     Flight rules , limitations , and provisions
      B34     Class I navigation using area navigation systems
      B35     Class II navigation in the Indonesian positive control area (pca) using area
              or long range navigation systems
      B36     Class III navigation using long range navigation systems or a flight
              navigator
      B37     Operations In Central East Pacific (CEPAC) Composite Airspace
      B38     North Pacific (NOPAC) Operations
      B39     Operations Within North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigation Performance
              Specifications (MNPS) Airspace.
      B40     Operations in areas of magnetic unreliability
      B42     Extended range operations with two engine airplanes under part 121
      B43     Special fuel reserves in international operations
      B44     Planned in-flight redispatch or release En-route
      B50     Authorized areas of en-route operation , limitations , and procedures

   A. Paragraph B31 - AREAS OF ENROUTE OPERATION.

      B31 is issued to all operators. Only the lead-in paragraph is issued to operators
      who do not operate aircraft under IFR (VFR only). All IFR operators are issued
      subparagraphs a, b, and c. Subparagraph B31b(3) will not be printed unless the
      operator is authorized to conduct operations outside controlled airspace and
      paragraph A14 is issued. Subparagraphs d, e, and f are printed for issuance only
      if they are applicable to the operator.

   B. Paragraph B32 - ENROUTE LIMITATIONS AND PROVISIONS.

      This paragraph is issued to operators who conduct any IFR operations. The
      second sentence of the lead-in paragraph prohibits IFR operations outside of
      controlled airspace unless the operator is authorized to conduct such operations
      by A14. Subparagraph B32c will automatically end with a period after the word
      "reference," if an area navigation system is not installed, or if Class I navigation
      with an area navigation system is not authorized. In certain situations,
      subparagraph B32d permits the operator to navigate outside the operational
      service volume of airways navigation facilities (Class II navigation) without long
      range navigation equipment. Some of the criteria that must be met when




CA AOC-002a                              9 July 2007                            Page 32 of 69
      conducting Class II navigation without long range navigation equipment are as
      follows:

      *   Navigation is predicated on ICAO standard NAVAIDs (VOR, VOR/DME, and
          NDB) supplemented by accurate dead reckoning.
      *   A "reliable fix" using ICAO standard NAVAIDs can be obtained at least once
          each hour.
      *   Navigation is conducted to the degree of accuracy required for air traffic
          control.
      *   Route of flight is a "great circle" route between the two NAVAIDs.

   C. Paragraph B33 - FLIGHT RULES, LIMITATIONS, AND PROVISIONS.

      (1) Instrument Flight Rule Requirement. B33a, b, and c are issued to all operators
          conducting operations under Part 121. These subparagraphs are also issued
          to operators who conduct turbojet airplane operations under Part 135.

      (2) Part 121 VFR Enroute Operations. B33d is issued only to Part 121 operators
          who are specifically authorized to conduct enroute Class I navigation
          operations in accordance with visual flight rules (VFR). B33d is issued only
          when the operations are to be conducted with reciprocating or turbo propeller
          powered airplanes. These flight operations must be conducted in accordance
          with the requirements of Part 121 applicable to domestic operations. Before
          authorizing this type of VFR operation, the OI must confirm that the operator
          has established procedures on the conduct of VFR station-referenced Class I
          navigation. These procedures should assure the requirements of B33d are
          met. Additionally, the operator must develop a training subject module
          concerning VFR enroute operations. This subject module must be incorporated
          and approved as part of an appropriate ground training curriculum segment.
          This training should emphasize flight crewmember responsibilities for "seeing
          and avoiding" other air traffic (constant vigilance) and for complying with the
          requirements of OpSpecs paragraph B33d.

   D. Paragraph B34 - CLASS I NAVIGATION USING AREA NAVIGATION SYSTEMS.

      (1) B34 authorizes an operator to conduct IFR Class I navigation using an area
          navigation system. The area navigation system must meet the enroute
          performance criteria prescribed by CA AOC -AAA. The aircraft (make/model)
          and the manufacturer and model of the area navigation systems authorized for
          this type of navigation must be listed in subparagraph B34a. When the
          capability exists to revert to conventional dual airborne VOR, VOR/DME,
          and/or NDB navigation systems, only a single area navigation system need to
          be specified. If this capability is not available, dual or redundant (separate and
          independent) area navigation systems must be specified. The following is an
          example of how the authorized aircraft and area navigation systems should be
          listed.

          AIRCRAFT TYPE                   AREA NAVIGATION SYSTEM
          MAKE/MODEL                      MANUFACTURER/MODEL
          Boeing 767                      Dual Sperry FMCS/IRS



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 33 of 69
         Lear 35                           Single Tracor TA 7880


      (2) The OI shall coordinate with the AI to obtain the proper nomenclature of the
          manufacturer and mode, to ensure the area navigation system is installed in
          accordance with approved data, and meets the criteria of CA AOC -AAA.
          B34b(3) permits the use of a fix obtained from a redundant area navigation
          system (authorized by B34) to substitute for a required ground based NAVAID
          fix when that NAVAID is temporarily out of service.

   E. Paragraph B35 - CLASS I NAVIGATION IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE USING
      AREA OR LONG RANGE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS.

      B35 authorizes an operator to conduct Class I navigation within controlled
      airspace using an area navigation system (including a long range navigation
      system) which does not meet the enroute performance criteria of CA AOC -AAA.
      The area or long range navigation system must be installed in accordance with
      approved data and operational in accordance with an approved MEL. Any system
      authorized for enroute operations in South Africa under B34 may be authorized for
      enroute operations under B35. The airplanes (make/model) and the manufacturer
      and model of the area or long range navigation systems authorized for this type of
      navigation must be listed in B35a. Only a single navigational system needs to be
      specified. The following is an example of how the airplanes and navigational
      system should be listed.


       AIRCRAFT TYPE             NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT
       MAKE / MODEL              MANUFACTURER/MODEL

       LOCKHEED 1011             Single DELCO CAROUSEL IV INS or
                                 a Single CANADIAN MARCONI CMA 771 ONS

       CESSNA 500                Single COLLINS LRN-85T



   F. Paragraph B36 - CLASS II NAVIGATION USING LONG RANGE NAVIGATION
      SYSTEMS OR A FLIGHT NAVIGATOR.

      Paragraph B36 authorizes Class II navigation when long range navigation
      systems or a flight navigator are required due to the inability to obtain a reliable fix
      at least once each hour from ICAO Standard NAVAIDs. There are two options to
      B36. One option authorizes the operator to use long range navigation systems
      and/or a flight navigator. The other B36 option authorizes the operator to use long
      range navigation systems and prohibits the use of a flight navigator.

      (1) In certain areas, long range navigation systems may also be required even
          though reliable fixes may be obtained more than once each hour. In these
          areas, traffic density and the navigation accuracy necessary for air traffic
          control may require the use of long range navigation systems. When an



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                                Page 34 of 69
         operator applies for authorization to conduct Class II navigation using long
         range navigation systems or a flight navigator, validation tests are required.
         B36 prohibits Class II navigation within Central East Pacific Composite
         Airspace (B37), North Pacific Airspace (B38), North Atlantic Minimum
         Navigation Performance Specifications Airspace (B34) and areas of magnetic
         unreliability (B40), unless operations in those areas are authorized by issuing
         the appropriate referenced paragraphs. Subparagraph B36a(2)(e) permits the
         use of a fix obtained from a long range navigation system to substitute for a
         required ground based NAVAID fix when that NAVAID (an airways navigation
         facility) is temporarily out of service. The aircraft (make/model) and the long
         range navigation systems (manufacturer/model) authorized for Class II
         navigation must be listed in subparagraph B36a(1). Usually dual or redundant
         (separate and independent) long range navigation systems must be indicated
         in the list. There are certain areas where a single, long range navigation
         system may be authorized. The following is an example of how the authorized
         aircraft and long range navigation systems should be listed.


       AIRCRAFT TYPE           LONG RANGE NAVIGATION SYSTEM
       MAKE / MODEL            MANUFACTURER/MODEL

       DOUG DC8D               Dual CANADIAN MARCONI CMA 771 ONS

       DOUG DC10               Dual DELCO CAROUSEL IV INS or a
                               Single DELCO CAROUSEL IV INS and a
                               Single CANADIAN MARCONI CMA 771 ONS


       GULSTM 680              Single UNIVERSAL NAVIGATION UNS-1
                               and a Single LITTON LTN-211


       BOEING 727              Single COLLINS LRN-85T (Note that Class II
                               navigation operations are authorized only where
                               a single long range navigation system is
                               authorized in paragraph B50.)


      (2) The OI must ensure the operator's long range navigation program incorporates
          the practices and procedures recommended in AC 90-79, or the operator has
          approved procedures equivalent to or exceeding those in AC 90-79. These
          procedures must be in the operator's manuals and in checklists, as
          appropriate. Training on the use of long range navigation equipment and
          procedures must be included in the operator's training curriculums. The
          operator's MELs and maintenance programs must address the long range
          navigation equipment. The OI must obtain the proper nomenclature of the
          manufacturer and model and to ensure the long range navigation equipment is
          installed and maintained in accordance with approved data.




CA AOC-002a                           9 July 2007                             Page 35 of 69
      (3) Operator requests for the B36 option that authorizes the use of flight
          navigators as the primary means of Class II navigation occur infrequently.
          When an operator requests authorization to use a flight navigator in any of the
          areas listed in B50, the CAA will arrange for one of the navigation specialists to
          work with the OI to ensure the operator's long range navigation program
          (including the use of a flight navigator) meets appropriate requirements.

   G. Paragraph B37 - OPERATIONS IN CENTRAL EAST PACIFIC (CEPAC)
      COMPOSITE AIRSPACE. Not Applicable

   H. Paragraph B38 - NORTH PACIFIC (NOPAC) OPERATIONS. Not Applicable

      Validation tests of the operator's ability to operate in NOPAC airspace are
      required. If the operator is authorized to conduct Class II navigation in compliance
      with B36a or b, a temporary authorization in the form of a letter may be issued so
      that the operator may conduct validation tests with revenue passengers. One of
      the purposes of validation tests for NOPAC operations is to verify the operator's
      ability to properly use airborne weather radar for monitoring navigational system
      accuracy to assure avoidance of Soviet airspace. The operator must have manual
      procedures on the use of airborne weather radar for this purpose. Additionally, if
      flights are to be conducted at or above FL 280, the operator must have a program
      which trains or briefs flightcrews on requirements and standards for flight in
      NOPAC composite airspace. Use of flight navigators in NOPAC composite
      airspace (at or above FL 280) is not authorized. When validation tests are
      completed, B38 may be issued.

   I. Paragraph B39 - OPERATIONS WITHIN NORTH ATLANTIC (NAT) MINIMUM
      NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS (MNPS) AIRSPACE.

      (1) B39 authorizes Class II navigation in the airspace designated as North Atlantic
          Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications (NAT/MNPS) airspace. The
          operator must be authorized to conduct Class II navigation in compliance with
          B36a before B39 can be issued. Validation tests of the operator's ability to
          operate in NAT/MNPS airspace are required. If an operator has not been
          previously issued B36, or when a new airplane and/or navigation system is
          being added to B36, validation tests must be conducted to verify the operator's
          ability to conduct operations in compliance with both B36 and B39. When
          validation tests are successfully completed, including passing specified
          NAT/MNPS pass or fail criteria, B39 may be issued.

      (2)The airplane (make/model) and the long range navigation systems
         (manufacturer/model) authorized for operations in NAT/MNPS airspace must
         be listed in B39c. Dual or redundant (separate and independent) long range
         navigation systems must be indicated in this list. The following are examples of
         how the airplanes and long range navigation systems should be listed.


             AIRCRAFT TYPE                          NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT
              MAKE / MODEL                          MANUFACTURER/MODEL
          Boeing 747                   Dual Litton LTN-72R



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          Boeing 767                     Dual Sperry FMS/IRS
          Doug DC 10                     Dual Litton LTN-90 or a Single Litton LTN-90 and a
                                         Single Collins LRN-85T
          Airbus 310                     Dual Smith FMS/IRU

      (3) B39d provides for flight operations in NAT/MNPS airspace over special
         contingency routings with a single, long range navigation system. Usually, all
         airplanes and navigational system combinations listed in B39c should also be
         listed in B39d, but in a manner that indicates a single long range navigation
         system authorization. This authorization permits revenue operations while
         positioning the airplane for repair of a malfunctioning navigational system.
         Additionally, other aircraft and navigational equipment combinations which
         may need to be ferried over these routes in non revenue operations should be
         listed. This is necessary because NAT/MNPS authorization is required
         regardless of revenue considerations. The following are examples of how
         airplanes and navigational systems authorized for flight over special
         contingency routings should be listed.


               AIRCRAFT TYPE                            NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT
                MAKE / MODEL                             MANUFACTURER/MODEL
         Boeing 747                          Single Litton LTN-72R

         Airbus 310                          Single Sperry FMS with dual IRU

         Boeing 737                          Single Canadian Marconi CMA-734
                                             or a Single Litton LTN-90


   J. B40 - OPERATIONS IN AREAS OF MAGNETIC UNRELIABILITY.

      (1) B40 authorizes either Class I or Class II navigation in areas of magnetic
          unreliability. If flight operations in these areas involve Class II navigation
          requiring long range navigation systems, B36 must also be issued. Validation
          tests of the operator's ability to conduct flights in areas of magnetic unreliability
          are required. Except for inertial navigation systems (INS), validation tests of
          any type of navigational equipment (or a flight navigator) must be nonrevenue.
          When validation tests are successfully completed B40 may be issued. When
          an operator requests authorization to conduct operations in areas of magnetic
          unreliability, the CAA will arrange for one of the navigation specialists to work
          with the OI to ensure that operations in areas of magnetic unreliability meet
          appropriate requirements.

      (2) The airplane (make/model), the manufacturer and model of the navigational
          equipment, and the type of navigation (heading reference) to be used must be
          listed in B40a. When pilot operated electronic long range navigation systems
          are authorized, they must be dual or redundant systems. When heading
          information is obtained from sources which are not inertially referenced, the
          manufacturer and model of the heading reference system (compasses) must




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         also be specified. The following are examples of how this information should
         be listed.


        AIRCRAFT TYPE           NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT                  TYPE NAVIGATION
        MAKE / MODEL            MANUFACTURER/MODEL             ENROUTE         APPROACH

      Doug DC10               Dual Delco                       True          True
                              Carousel IV INS

      Doug DC8                Single Litton LTN-               Grid          Grid/True
                              3100 ONS, Dual
                              Bendix PB20 Polar
                              Path Compasses and
                              a flight navigator

      Lockheed 382            Dual Collins ADF 462             True/Grid     True/Grid
                              and dual King/                   Station       Station
                              Bendix KNR-634                   Referenced    Referenced
                              VORs and Dual                    pilotage      pilotage
                              Bendix PB60 Polar
                              Path Compasses



   K. B41 - NORTH ATLANTIC OPERATION (NAT/OPS) WITH TWO ENGINE
      AIRPLANES UNDER PART 121.

      (1) B41 is issued to those Part 121 operators who demonstrate the capability and
          competency to safely conduct operations over the North Atlantic with two
          engine airplanes within the 60 minute constraint of CAR 121 and 91. This
          paragraph restricts the authorized area of operation to those portions of the
          North Atlantic which have a maximum diversion time, from any point along the
          route of flight, to a diversionary airport of 60 minutes or less at the approved
          one engine inoperative cruise speed (under standard conditions in still air).
          Due to the unique nature of these operations, B41 shall not be issued until
          review and concurrence is obtained from the CAA. It is CAA policy and
          direction that these operations be evaluated and approved on a case by case
          basis. This evaluation must include consideration of the character of the
          terrain within the proposed area of operation, kind of operation, performance
          of the airplane to be used, capabilities of the alternate airports enroute, and
          the provisions of B41. This evaluation must also include consideration of the
          routes of flight, and airports and instrument approaches likely to be used
          during an enroute diversion resulting from an in-flight contingency.

      (2) Since these operations involve Class II navigation, B36 must also be issued.
          B39 must be issued if an operation involves flight in (NAT/MNPS) airspace.
          B43 (special fuel reserves) and/or B44 must also be issued if an operator is
          authorized to use the provisions of these paragraphs while conducting
          operations authorized by B41. B50 must authorize operation in the North



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         Atlantic and must specify appropriate reference paragraphs including any
         restrictions/limitations necessary to accommodate operations of two engine
         airplanes in the North Atlantic. Since the operations authorized by B41 are
         restricted by the 60 minute rule, these operations comply with the basic
         provisions of CAR 121. Therefore, a request for deviation from the basic
         provisions of this rule is not required for this type of operation.

      (3) Each airplane (make/model) authorized for these operations must be listed in
          B41. Any special equipment or limitations applicable to operations in the
          NAT/OPS area, including any prohibition of the operation of certain series of
          aircraft, must also be listed in B41 for each make and model listed. The
          following is an example of how each authorized airplane should be listed.

         AIRPLANE TYPE                   ADDITIONAL SPECIAL
         MAKE/MODEL                      EQUIPMENT/LIMITATIONS
         Boeing 767                      DUAL NDB REQUIRED
         Airbus 310                      A-310-200 ONLY

   L. B42 - EXTENDED RANGE OPERATIONS WITH TWO ENGINE AIRPLANES
      UNDER PART 121 (ETOPS).

      Paragraph B42 is only issued to Part 121 operators who are approved to conduct
      extended range operations with two engine airplanes under a deviation as
      provided for by CAR 121. An "extended range operation" (ER-OPS) is any
      operation (with a two engine airplane) which contains a point along the route of
      flight where the diversion time to an approved diversionary airport is greater than
      60 minutes at the approved one engine inoperative cruise speed (under standard
      conditions in still air). Due to the unique nature of ER-OPS, B42 shall not be
      issued unless written concurrence is received from Commissioner. When an
      operator proposes ER-OPS and/or requests authorization to conduct ER-OPS,
      principal inspectors must immediately notify CAA. The CAA will advise the
      principal inspector on how to proceed with evaluation and approval of the operator
      proposed ER-OPS proposal.

      (1) All ER-OPS with maximum diversion times in excess of 75 minutes must be
          evaluated and approved in accordance with FAA AC 120-42 (as amended)
          and any additional criteria specified by this handbook. As a minimum the
          following conditions must be met:

         * The airplane/engine combination to be used must be type design approved
           for the extended range operation proposed
         * The ER-OPS maintenance and the flight operation programs must meet or
           exceed AC FAA 120-42 criteria
         * The Commissioner must concur with the proposed operation

      (2) Extended range operations with maximum diversions times of 75 minutes or
          less must also be evaluated and approved on a case by case basis. Although
          type design approval is not specifically required for ER-OPS of 75 minutes or
          less, the airplane's design must be reviewed to identify any special equipment
          or requirements necessary to safely conduct these operations. Except for ER-



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 39 of 69
         OPS in the Western Atlantic and Caribbean Sea, ER-OPS maintenance and
         flight operations programs for these operations must meet FAA AC 120-42
         criteria. Operations in the Western Atlantic and Caribbean Sea are approved
         on a case by case basis considering reliability of the propulsion system,
         character of the terrain, kind of operation, performance of the airplane to be
         used, capabilities of the alternate airports enroute, and the special provisions
         for this area in B42. All ER-OPS with diversion times of 75 minutes or less
         require DGAC review and concurrence before issuing OpSpecs approval for
         these operations.

      (3) General Authorization. Subparagraph B42a is a general authorization and is
          issued if the operator is to be authorized to conduct any ER-OPS in different
          areas. Paragraph D86 requires that airplanes used to conduct these
          operations be listed by aircraft make/model/series, registration number, and
          maximum diversion times. Principal operation inspectors and principal
          airworthiness inspectors must coordinate closely to ensure the proper
          completion of D86. The following is an example of how this information should
          be listed in table 1 of paragraph D86.

                                        TABLE 1

        AIRPLANE TYPE                REGISTRATION          MAXIMUM DIVERSION
     (MAKE/MODEL/SERIES)               NUMBERS               TIME IN MINUTES
         Boeing 737 222                PK - GAD                    120
                                       PK - GAC                    180
          Boeing 767 222
                                       PK - GAE                    180
                                       PK - GIC                    120
        Airbus 310 A310221
                                       PK - GID                    120
        Airbus 310 A310300              PK - GIE                    75


      (4) The approved ER-OPS enroute alternate airports must also be specified. Only
          those airports which meet the enroute alternate airport criteria in FAA AC 120-
          42 can be approved for use in ER-OPS. If the list of enroute alternate airports
          is extensive, the POI may attach a list of these airports, prepared by the
          operator, to this paragraph. If a list is attached, the words "See attached list"
          must be entered in B42a(4). The following is an example of how each
          authorized enroute alternate airport should be listed.


                    ER-OPS ENROUTE              ALTERNATE AIRPORT(S)


         KEFLAVIK                        BIKF
         SONDESTROM                      BIRK
         GANDER                          CYQX
         LAJES                           LPLA
         SHANNON                         EINN
         REYKJAVIK                       BIRK (B737 ONLY)




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 40 of 69
   M. Paragraph B43       -   SPECIAL     FUEL       RESERVES      IN   INTERNATIONAL
      OPERATIONS.

Not currently regulated in RSA. To be added at a later date.


   N. Paragraph B44 - PLANNED INFLIGHT REDISPATCH OR RERELEASE
      ENROUTE.

      (1) B44 authorizes operators to conduct planned redispatch (PRD) or planned
          rerelease (PRR) enroute operations within the areas of enroute operations
          referenced in paragraph B50 of the operator's OpSpecs. PRD operations are
          conducted by air carriers engaged in international operations and PRR
          operations are conducted by air carriers engaged in supplemental operations.
          PRD/PRR is an operational procedure that can result in increased payload and
          fuel savings by utilizing a procedure in which a flight is dispatched or released
          to an initial destination and then at a PRD/PRR point, the flight is redispatched
          or rereleased to the intended destination. In general, PRD/PRR is used on
          international flights scheduled for more than 6 hours.

      (2) Before authorizing this paragraph, the OI must ensure that the operator has
          PRD/PRR procedures in its manual and that the operator's training program
          for pilots and dispatchers (or other appropriate operational control personnel)
          includes training on the use of these procedures.

   O. Paragraph B50 - AUTHORIZED AREAS OF ENROUTE OPERATION,
      LIMITATIONS, AND PROCEDURES.

      B50 must specify only those areas of enroute operation (or individual routes which
      have specific limitations or procedures associated with the route) for which the
      operator is authorized to conduct Part 121 or Part 135 operations. B50 must
      include all areas of enroute operation where the operator conducts scheduled
      operations as well as nonscheduled operations. B50 prohibits operations in areas
      not listed. Therefore, it is important to consider those areas where the operator
      may conduct nonscheduled operations. The OI or operator may develop and enter
      more appropriate descriptions of the areas of enroute operation or individual
      routes along with any special limitations or procedures.




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 41 of 69
                                        CHAPTER 4

         AIRPLANE TERMINAL INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES AND AIRPORT
                AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS - PART C

   Part C is issued to operators who conduct Part 121 or Part 135 operations with fixed
   wing airplanes. It is not issued to Part 127 operators who conduct only helicopter
   operations. IFR helicopter operators are issued Part H. Part C is not usually issued to
   Part 135 operators who are restricted to VFR only operations. In rare situations C70
   of Part C is issued to Part 135 VFR only operators. The following is a list of the
   paragraphs:


   C51        Terminal instrument procedures
   C52        Basic instrument approach procedure authorizations - all airports
   C53        IFR landing minimums other than category II and III - all airports
   C54        Special limitations and provisions for instrument approach procedures and
              IFR landing minimums
   C55        Alternate airport IFR weather minimums
   C56        IFR takeoff minimums , part 121 operations - all airports
   C57        IFR takeoff minimums , part 135 operations - all airports
   C58        Special restrictions for foreign terminal instrument procedures
   C59        Category II instrument approach and landing operations
   C60        Category III instrument approach and landing operations
   C61        Flight control guidance systems for automatic landing operations other than
              categories II and III
   C62        Manually flown flight control guidance system certified for landing operations
              other than categories II and III
   C63        Instrument approach operations using an area navigation system
   C64        Special terminal area IFR operations – authorizations , limitations , and
              provisions
   C65        Powerback operations with airplanes
   C66        Turbojet airplane takeoff operations in tailwind conditions
   C67        Special airport authorizations , provisions , and limitations
   C68        Noise abatement departure profiles (nadp)
   C70        Airports authorized for scheduled operations


   A. Paragraph C51 - TERMINAL INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES.

      C51 is issued to all airplane operators who conduct any flight operations under
      IFR. IFR operators whose operations are restricted to Indonesia are only issued
      C51a(1), (2), and (3). The whole paragraph is issued to operators who are
      authorized to conduct any IFR operation outside Indonesia.

   B. Paragraph C52 - BASIC INSTRUMENT                       APPROACH        PROCEDURE
      AUTHORIZATIONS - ALL AIRPORTS.




CA AOC-002a                              9 July 2007                              Page 42 of 69
      C52 specifies the types of instrument approaches the operator is authorized to
      conduct and prohibits the use of other types of instrument approaches. Only the
      types of instrument approaches checked on the OpSpecs worksheet for C52 will
      be printed in paragraph C52. If precision approaches are not authorized, C52b will
      not be printed. Before authorizing a type of instrument approach procedure, the OI
      must ensure the operator provides appropriate training for the types of
      approaches to be authorized.

   C. Paragraph C53 - IFR LANDING MINIMUMS OTHER THAN CATEGORIES II and
      III - ALL AIRPORTS.

      C53 specifies the lowest minimums which can be used for Category I non
      precision approaches, precision approaches, and circling maneuvers. It prescribes
      conditions which must be met in order to conduct contact approaches. It also
      provides special limitations and provisions for instrument approach procedures at
      foreign airports. If an operator is not authorized to conduct precision approaches,
      the language of C53b will be automatically changed to prohibit the use of
      precision approaches. If the operator is not authorized to conduct operations
      outside South Africa, C53e will not be issued.

   D. Paragraph C54 - SPECIAL LIMITATIONS AND PROVISIONS FOR
      INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURES AND IFR LANDING MINIMUMS.

      (1) C54 is issued to all operators conducting operations under Part 121. It is also
          issued to operators who conduct turbine powered airplane operations under
          Part 135. It is not issued to Part 135 operators who do not operate turbine
          powered airplanes unless that operator also conducts operations under Part
          121. C54 specifies the RVR landing minimum equivalent to the published RVR
          landing minimum which must be used by high minimum pilots (less than 100
          hours in aircraft type). It also specifies that before a pilot in command of a
          turbojet can conduct an instrument approach with visibility conditions reported
          to be below 1200 meters or RVR 4000 (basic turbojet landing minimums), he
          must be specifically qualified and authorized to use standard landing
          minimums.

      (2) C54a expands the approved equipment list to include the use of flight directors
          (FD) by authorized operators flying "Special Aircrew and Aircraft Authorization
          Required" (special CAT I) minimums. CAT I approach charts may depict two
          blocks of minimums: the standard and the "Special Aircrew and Aircraft
          Authorization Required" minimums. At selected locations, OI's should allow
          authorized operators to use the special minimums, provided an approved
          autopilot with automatic tracking capability (approach couple), and approved
          Heads-Up Display (HUD), or FD, approved for CAT I operations, is used on
          the approach.

         (a) CAA Approval. Both air carrier and private operators may continue to use
             the standard CAT I minimums without alteration of current authorizations or
             procedures; however, operators must obtain CAA approval to use the
             special CAT I minimums. To obtain this approval, the CAA will issue
             authorizations to general aviation operators by using "Certificate of Waiver



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 43 of 69
              or Authorization," and to air carrier operators by issuing operations
              specifications.

         (b) Conditions of Approval. Before issuing an authorization to use special CAT
             I minimums, inspectors shall ensure that each operator meets the following
             conditions:

              (i) Aircraft and Associated Aircraft Systems. The authorized aircraft must
                  be equipped with an approved autopilot approach coupler, HUD, or FD
                  system that provides guidance to decision height (DH). Inspectors must
                  establish that the approach coupler, HUD, or FD are certified for use
                  down to an altitude of 200 feet above ground level (AGL) or lower.

              (ii) Flight crew Procedures. The PIC must use the automatic flight control
                  guidance system (AFCGS), HUD, or FD to DH or to the initiation of a
                  missed approach, unless visual references with the runway environment
                  are established, thus allowing safe continuation to a landing. If the
                  AFCGS, HUD, or FD malfunctions or becomes disconnected, the PIC
                  may not descend below standard minimums unless the runway
                  environment is in sight.

               (iii)Flight crew Qualification. PIC's must have demonstrated proficiency
                   using the AFCGS, HUD, or FD (as appropriate) on the most recent
                   instrument proficiency check as acceptable to the Commissioner.

         (c) Amendment of Operations Specifications. OI's having certificate
             management responsibilities for operators that have received approval for
             use of the special CAT I minimums shall amend the affected operators'
             operations specifications.

   E. Paragraph C55 - ALTERNATE AIRPORT IFR WEATHER MINIMUMS.

      C55 is issued to all Part 121 and Part 135 operators who conduct IFR operations
      with airplanes. This paragraph provides a two part table from which the operator,
      during the initial dispatch or flight release planning segment of a flight, derives
      alternate airport IFR weather minimums in those cases where it has been
      determined that an alternate airport is required.

      (1) The first part of the table is for airports with at least one operational
          navigational facility providing a straight-in non precision approach procedure,
          or a straight-in precision approach procedure, or, when applicable, a circling
          maneuver from an instrument approach procedure. The required ceiling and
          visibility is obtained by adding 400 feet to the Category I HAT or, when
          applicable, the authorized HAA and by adding 1600 meters to the authorized
          Category I landing minimum.

      (2)The second part of the table is for airports with at least two operational
         navigational facilities, each providing a straight-in non precision approach
         procedure or a straight-in precision approach procedure to different suitable
         runways. The required ceiling and visibility is obtained by adding 200 feet to



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 44 of 69
         the higher Category I HAT of the two approaches used and by adding 800
         meters visibility to the higher authorized Category I landing minimum of the two
         approaches used.

      (3)In some cases, it is possible to have higher alternate minimums when using
          two operational navigational facilities than when using one. For example, an
          airport with one straight-in non precision approach procedure with an HAT of
          400 feet and 1600m visibility would have alternate minimums of 800 feet and
          3200m visibility (400 feet + 400 feet and 1600m + 1600m.). On the other hand,
          an airport with two straight-in approaches, one a straight-in precision approach
          with a HAT of 200 feet and 800m visibility and the other a straight-in non
          precision approach with a HAT of 700 feet and 1600m. visibility, would have
          alternate minimums of 900 feet and 2400m visibility (200 feet + 700 feet and
          800m. + 1600m.). Since the operations specifications require that the higher
          ceiling and visibility be used, the minimums for the airport with two straight-in
          approaches are higher than for the airport with only one straight-in approach.
          When this situation exists, the operator may elect to consider the airport as
          having only one straight-in approach procedure and may add the higher buffer
          requirement (400 feet and 1600m.) to whichever straight-in approach
          procedure provides for the lowest possible ceiling and visibility minimums.

      (4)Except for ER-OPS, two suitable runways may be the different ends of the
         same physical runway surface (such as, runway 04 and runway 22 are two
         different runways). When using an airport as an alternate in ER-OPS
         operations in accordance with paragraph B42, two separate physical surfaces
         must be used. The word suitable is defined in FAA AC No. 120-42 as
         amended.


   F. Paragraph C56 - IFR TAKEOFF MINIMUMS, PART 121 OPERATIONS - ALL
      AIRPORTS.

      C56 is issued to all operators who conduct operations under Part 121. If an
      operator is not authorized to conduct operations outside of the Republic South
      Africa, C56d will not be printed for issuance. If an operator is not authorized to use
      lower than standard takeoff minimums, C56c and d will not be printed for
      issuance. If an operator conducts operations under both Parts 121 and 135, C56
      and C57 will be printed for issuance.

   G. Paragraph C57 - IFR TAKEOFF MINIMUMS, PART 135 OPERATIONS - ALL
      AIRPORTS.

      C57 is issued to all Part 135 operators who conduct IFR airplane operations. Only
      C57a and b will be printed for issuance when an operator is not authorized to use
      lower than standard takeoff minimums. C57a, b, and c will be printed for issuance
      when the operator is authorized to use takeoff minimums equal to the lowest
      straight-in landing minimums C57a, b, c, d, and e will be printed for issuance
      when the operator is authorized to use takeoff minimums lower than 800m or RVR
      1800. C57d(4) will not be printed if the operator is restricted to operations only




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                              Page 45 of 69
      within the Republic of South Africa. If an operator conducts operations under both
      Parts 121 and 135, C56 and C57 will be printed for issuance.

   H. Paragraph C58 - SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS FOR FOREIGN TERMINAL
      INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES.

      C58 is issued only when the OI (or region responsible for the geographic area
      where a foreign airport is located) finds it necessary to place special restrictions
      on a foreign terminal instrument procedure. These special restrictions to foreign
      terminal instrument procedures are applicable only to South African air carriers.
      The purpose of these special restrictions is to establish an equivalency between
      the foreign terminal instrument procedure and ICAO (PANS-OPS) or South
      African criteria. The CAA must issue C58 with the name of the airport, airport
      identification, procedure identification, and special restrictions listed in the
      appropriate template.

   I. Paragraph C59 - CATEGORY II INSTRUMENT APPROACH AND LANDING
      OPERATIONS.

      Category II (CAT II) operations are evaluated in accordance with FAA AC 120-29
      (as amended). CAT II operations are approved by issuance of C59. All initial CAT
      II operations for each operator and each airplane used by that operator require
      CAA review and concurrence before issuing C59. This concurrence is also
      required before amending C59 to include an airplane make/model/series new to
      the operator. All reductions in CAT II operating minimums for each operator and
      aircraft require CAA concurrence.

      (1)Each airplane type (make/model/series) used in CAT II operations must be
         listed in subparagraph C59a. The lowest DH and lowest RVR authorized for
         each airplane type must also be specified. The following example illustrates the
         method for authorizing each airplane in C59a.

      AIRPLANE TYPE                                  DH NOT         LOWEST
      MAKE/MODEL/SERIES)                             LESS THAN      AUTHORIZED RVR
      AIRBUS 300 A300B4103                           100 Ft         1200
      BOEING 727 217                                 150 Ft         1600
      DOUG DC9 31                                    150 Ft         1600
      DOUG DC9 32                                    150 Ft         1600
      DOUG DC9 51                                    150 Ft         1600
      DOUG DC9 81                                    100 Ft         1200
      LOCKHEED 1011 385114                           100 Ft         1200


      (2)The equipment required to conduct manually flown and/or automatically flown
         CAT II operations is specified by subparagraph C59b for each airplane
         make/model/series. The equipment required is established in accordance with
         the approved Airplane Flight Manual (if applicable) and FAA AC 120-29. There
         are two acceptable methods of demonstrating that an airplane is airworthy for
         CAT II operations. These acceptable methods are "type design approval"
         obtained by a manufacturer, or an "operational demonstration" conducted by



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                              Page 46 of 69
         an operator. Consequently, there are two methods for specifying (in C59b) the
         equipment required for CAT II operations.

         (a) Type Design Approval. The approved Airplane Flight Manual (or flight
             manual supplement), for airplanes which have CAT II type design approval,
             contains a statement to the effect that the airborne systems have
             demonstrated the reliability and redundancy necessary for CAT II
             operations in accordance with FAA AC 120-29 (or previous versions).
             These approved flight manuals also specify that certain equipment is
             required for airworthiness approval of the various kinds of CAT II
             operations. Some of the approved flight manuals also indicate that
             acceptable CAT II performance was demonstrated both with, and without,
             certain equipment (for example "auto throttles w/wo"). FAA AC 120-29 also
             specifies that certain types of equipment are required for operational
             approval of the various kinds of CAT II operations (manual/autopilot).
             Therefore, both the approved Airplane Flight Manual and FAA AC 120-29
             must be considered in determining the additional equipment which must be
             listed (specified) in C59b.

              (i) Equipment which is explicitly required by the airplane certification
                  regulations, the operating regulations (CAR 91, 121, and 135) and/or
                  the approved Airplane Flight Manual should not be listed in C59b. The
                  standard text of C59b requires this equipment to be functional.
                  Therefore, the additional equipment which must be listed (specified) in
                  C59b is determined by cross checking the types of equipment required
                  by FAA AC 120-29 for the kinds of CAT II operation proposed, against
                  the equipment required by regulations and the approved Airplane Flight
                  Manual. The equipment to be listed in C59b as additional equipment is
                  only that equipment required by FAA AC 120-29 for the kind(s) of CAT II
                  operations to be authorized which is not explicitly required by regulation
                  and/or the Airplane Flight Manual. This would include equipment such
                  as autoland for B-747 operations below 1600 RVR.

              (ii) When the Airplane Flight Manual indicates acceptable performance
                   both with and without (w/wo) certain items of equipment (which are not
                   explicitly required by FAA AC 120-29), it must be determined how the
                   operator intends to conduct CAT II operations and train flight crews with
                   those items of equipment. If the operator proposes to conduct
                   operations both with and without certain items of equipment (such as
                   auto throttle, autopilot), flight crews must be trained for both situations
                   and the item of equipment does not need to be listed in C59b. If the
                   operator proposes to conduct operations only when those items of
                   equipment (w/wo) are functional, then those items of equipment must
                   be listed in C59b.

         (b) Operational Demonstration by the Certificate Holder. The operational
             demonstration method of assuring the airworthiness of CAT II equipment is
             only appropriate for airplanes and equipment, which do not have CAT II
             type design approval. The operational demonstration must be conducted in
             accordance with FAA AC 120-29. The additional equipment which must be



CA AOC-002a                              9 July 2007                               Page 47 of 69
              specified in C59b is determined by considering the equipment required by
              the airplane certification regulations (Parts 23 and 25), operating
              regulations (Parts 91, 121, and 135), FAA AC 120-29 and the equipment
              configuration used during the operational demonstration of airworthiness
              conducted by the operator. Equipment required by the airplane certification
              regulations and operating regulations should not be listed in C59b.
              Equipment required by FAAAC 120-29 and any other items of equipment
              essential to the CAT II equipment configuration used in the operational
              demonstration of airworthiness must be listed as additional equipment in
              C59b.

      (3) The kind of CAT II operation (manual and/or autopilot) must be specified for
          each item of equipment listed in C59b. This is accomplished by placing an "X"
          in the appropriate column adjacent to each item of equipment. If an item of
          equipment is applicable to both manual and autopilot, X's must be placed in
          both columns. If an item of equipment is applicable to one kind of CAT II
          operation, but not the other, an X must be placed in the applicable column and
          the other column left blank. If only one kind of CAT II operation is authorized,
          then the X's must be placed in the appropriate "Manual" or "Autopilot" column.


              EXAMPLE OF CAT II ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT (TYPE DESIGN)

        AIRPLANE MAKE/MODEL/SERIES               KIND OF CAT II OPERATION
         ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT AND
              SPECIAL PROVISIONS                     MANUAL        AUTOPILOT
     Boeing 767 219
     Boeing 767 223
     1. Two CAT ILS receivers                          X                 X
     2. An independent FD and display                  X
        For each pilot (L and R or C and R)
     3. A radio altimeter and display                  X                 X
        For each pilot
     4. DH annunciator for each pilot                  X                 X
     5. Windshield wiper for each pilot                X                 X
     6. One inner marker receiver and                  X                 X
        Display for each pilot
     7. Instrument failure detection and               X                 X
        Warning system


NOTE: THE FOLLOWING EQUIPMENT IS REQUIRED BY THE AFM AND SHOULD
NOT BE LISTED IN C59b
   * One engine inoperative with flaps 20 degrees and manual throttle or 2 engines
operative
   * One Autopilot
   * Two EADIs
   * Two IRUs in NAV mode
   * Two sources of electrical power




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                              Page 48 of 69
          EXAMPLE OF CAT II ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT (DEMONSTRATED)
          AIRPLANE MAKE/MODEL/SERIES                  KIND OF CAT II
            ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT AND                   OPERATION
                 SPECIAL PROVISIONS                MANUAL    AUTOPILOT
      NIHON YSII A200
      1. One low range radio altimeter               X           X
      with an indicator for each pilot
      2. Two CAT II ILS receivers                    X           X
      3. DH indicator light for each pilot           X           X
      4. Both engines operating                      X           X
      5. Instrument failure warning system           X           X
      6. An altitude gyro with calibrated            X           X
      Pitch markings for each pilot
      7. Two independent flight directors            X
      (not required for autopilot CAT II
      operation)
      8. Single flight director with dual displays   X
      (manual CAT II operation not authorized)
      9. Dual axis autopilot                         X
      10. Windshield wipers for each pilot           X           X



      (4) Airports and runways for which an operator is authorized to conduct CAT II
          instrument approach and landing operations are specified by C59g. If the
          airport and runways are approved for CAT II operations, they should not be
          listed in C59g unless the OI determines there is a need to specify a special
          limitation for an operator at a particular airport. All foreign airports and runways
          approved for the operator's use must be listed in C59g. The following example
          illustrates a method for listing authorized airports and runways.

        AIRPORTS                      RUNWAYS             SPECIAL LIMITATIONS
        Mirabel, Canada               06

        Taipei – Chiang Kai           056/23R
        Shek, Taiwan

        Tokyo – Narita, Japan         16

   J. Paragraph C60 - CATEGORY III INSTRUMENT APPROACH AND LANDING
      OPERATIONS.

      Category III (CAT III) operations are evaluated in accordance with FAA AC 120-
      28C (as amended) and this handbook. CAT III operations are approved by
      issuance of C60. All initial CAT III operations for each operator and each airplane
      used by that operator require DGAC review and written concurrence, before
      issuing C60. This concurrence is also required, before amending C60 to include
      an airplane make/model/series new to the operator. All reductions in CAT III
      operating minimums for each operator and aircraft also require CAA concurrence.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                                Page 49 of 69
      (1) Each airplane type (make/model/series) used in CAT III operations must be
          listed in subparagraph C60a and the DH/AH and lowest RVR authorized for
          each airplane type must be specified for the kinds of CAT III operation
          authorized. CAT IIIa fail-passive operations must use a DH of 50 feet. Most
          CAT IIIa/IIIb fail-operational operations use an AH of 50 feet or 100 feet and
          use of a DH in conjunction with an AH for these operations is inappropriate.
          Sometimes, however, a DH is required for fail-operational CAT III (see FAA AC
          120-28C). In these situations, a DH of 50 feet or less should be specified and
          use of an AH in these operations is inappropriate. The following example
          illustrates the method for authorizing each airplane in C60a.

                         1. CATEGORY IIIa FAIL-PASSIVE OPERATIONS
                 AIRPLANE TYPE                          LOWEST AUTHORIZED
                                              DH
              MAKE/MODEL/SERIES                                RVR
                 Douglas DC9 81                50               700
                  Boeing 767 222               50               700
                      1. CATEGORY IIIa FAIL-OPERATIONAL OPERATIONS
                 AIRPLANE TYPE                          LOWEST AUTHORIZED
                                              DH
              MAKE/MODEL/SERIES                                RVR
              Airbus 300 A300B4103          100 AH              700
              Lockheed 1011 385114           50 AH              700
                  Boeing 767 213             50 DH              700
                      1. CATEGORY IIIb FAIL-OPERATIONAL OPERATIONS
                 AIRPLANE TYPE                          LOWEST AUTHORIZED
                                              DH
              MAKE/MODEL/SERIES                                RVR
                  Airbus 310 221            100 AH              300
                  Boeing 767 222             50 AH              300
                 Douglas DC10 30            100 AH              600

      (2) The equipment required to conduct CAT III operations is specified by
          subparagraph C60b for each airplane make/model/series. The equipment
          required is established in accordance with the applicable CAR, the approved
          Airplane Flight Manual, and FAA AC 120-28C (as amended). The only
          acceptable method of demonstrating that an airplane is airworthy for CAT III
          operations is through type design approval obtained by a manufacturer. The
          approved Airplane Flight Manual (or flight manual supplement), for airplanes
          which have CAT III type design approval, contains a statement to the effect
          that the airborne systems have demonstrated the reliability and redundancy
          necessary for CAT III operations in accordance with AC 120-28C (or previous
          versions). These approved flight manuals also specify that certain equipment
          is required for airworthiness approval of the various kinds of CAT III
          operations. Some of the approved flight manuals also indicate that acceptable
          CAT III performance was demonstrated both with, and without, certain
          equipment (for example "autothrottles w/wo"). AC 120-28C (as amended) also
          specifies that certain types of equipment are required for operational approval
          of the various kinds of CAT III operations. Therefore, both the approved
          Airplane Flight Manual and AC 120-28C must be considered in determining the
          additional equipment which must be listed (specified) in C60b.

         (a) Equipment which is explicitly required by the airplane certification
             regulations (Parts 23 and 25), the CAR (Parts 91, 121, and 135), and/or the
             approved Airplane Flight Manual should not be listed in C60b. The




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 50 of 69
              standard text of C60b requires this equipment to be functional. Therefore,
              the additional equipment which must be listed (specified) in C60b is
              determined by cross checking the types of equipment required by AC 120-
              28C for the kind(s) of CAT III operation proposed against the equipment
              required by the regulations and the approved Airplane Flight Manual. The
              equipment to be listed in C60b as additional equipment is only that
              equipment which is not explicitly required by the regulations and/or the
              Airplane Flight Manual, but is required by AC 120-28C and/or the guidance
              and direction in the Commissioner concurrence letter for the kind(s) of CAT
              III operations to be authorized.

         (b) When the Airplane Flight Manual indicates acceptable performance both
             with, and without, (w/wo) certain items of equipment (which are not
             explicitly required by AC 120-28C or the concurrence letter) it must be
             determined how the operator intends conduct CAT III operations and train
             flight crews with those items of equipment. If the operator proposes to
             conduct operations both with, and without, certain equipment (such as auto
             throttle), flight crews must be trained for both situations and the item of
             equipment does not need to be listed in C60b. If the operator proposes to
             conduct operations only when those items of equipment (w/wo) are
             functional, then those items of equipment must be listed in C60b.

      (3) The kinds of CAT III operations (fail-passive and/or fail-operational) must be
          specified for each item of equipment listed in C60b for each airplane type. This
          is accomplished by placing an "X" in the appropriate column adjacent to each
          item of equipment. If an item of equipment is applicable to more than one kind
          of operation, X's must be placed in appropriate columns. If an item of
          equipment is applicable to one kind of CAT III operation, but not the others, an
          X must be placed in the applicable column and the other columns for that item
          of equipment left blank. If only one kind of CAT III operation is authorized (for
          example, CAT III fail-operational), then the X's must be placed in the CAT IIIa
          fail-operational column.




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 51 of 69
                   EXAMPLE OF CAT III ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT

                                                 KIND OF CAT III OPERATION
       AIRPLANE MAKE/MODEL/SERIES                 CAT IIIa          CAT IIIb
                                               FAIL       FAIL    RVR    BELOW
          ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT
                                               PASS        OP     600       600
  Boeing 767 222 (with SB 767-22-7 & SB 767-
  24-13)                                                    X         X          X
  1. LAND 3 annunciated                             X
  2. LAND 2 or LAND 3 annunciated on both                   X         X          X
      ASA displays                                  X                            X
  3. Two engine operative                           X
  4. Autobrakes                                     X       X         X          X
  5. Autothrottles
  6. Windshield wipers for each pilot
                                                            X
  Boeing 767 222 (without SB 767-22-7 & SB          X
  767-24-13)                                        X       X
  1. LAND 3 annunciated (DHSO required)                               X
  2. LAND 2 or LAND 3 annunciated on both           X
     ASA displays                                   X       X         X
  3. Two engine operative
  4. LAND 3 annunciated and APU generator
     available
  5. Autothrottles
  6. Windshield wipers for each pilot


      (4) The runway field length required for the various kinds of CAT III operations
         must be specified in C60e for each airplane. The required field length for all
         CAT IIIa operations is 1.15 times the field length required by CAR 121. or CAR
         135, as appropriate. The required field length for CAT IIIb operations is either
         1.15 or 1.3 times the field length required by the previously cited regulations
         depending on the operational procedures and/or additional equipment used by
         the operator (see AC 120-28C). Additional equipment such as auto brakes are
         required, if a field length factor of 1.15 is used in CAT IIIb operations below
         RVR 600 (a procedural means alone is not acceptable). Leave the appropriate
         items blank, if an operator is not authorized to conduct those kinds of CAT III
         operations with a particular airplane. The following example illustrates a
         method for listing the required field length factors for CAT III airplanes.

   AIRPLANE          REQUIRED FIELD LENGTH       SPECIAL OPERATIONAL
  MAKE/MODEL/                     CAT IIIb      EQUIPMENT AND SPECIAL
                  CAT IIIa
    SERIES                 RVR 600 BELOW 600         LIMITATIONS
                                                      Autobrakes
Boeing 767 222     1.15      1.15          1.15
                                                       (CAT IIIb)
                                                      Braking Proc
Lockheed 1011 3853 1.15      1.15          1.3.
                                                       (CAT IIIb)
Boeing 737 322     1.15




CA AOC-002a                           9 July 2007                              Page 52 of 69
      (5) All airports and runways to which an operator is authorized to conduct CAT III
          instrument approach and landing operations are specified by C60g. If the OI or
          Commissioner determines there is a need to specify special limitations for the
          operator at a particular airport (for example, SEA 16R), then those special
          limitations should be listed in C60g. All CAT III airport and runway approvals
          are approved in accordance with AC 120-28C (as amended). Certain airports
          and runways (SEA, MSP, CVG, PIT) require CAA evaluation and approval for
          each aircraft type. The CAA must be contacted for further direction and
          guidance concerning the approval of CAT III airports and runways. The
          following table illustrates how C60g should be completed.


                                              RUNWAYS              SPECIAL
                AIRPORTS                                         LIMITATIONS
              Mirabel, Canada                    06
     Taipei – Chiang Kai Shek, Taiwan          056/23R
           Tokyo - Narita, Japan                 16


   K. Paragraph C61 - FLIGHT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEMS FOR AUTOMATIC
      LANDING OPERATIONS OTHER THAN CATEGORIES II AND III.

      (1) C61 authorizes an operator to use a flight control guidance system with
          automatic landing capabilities to touchdown. This type of operation must be
          authorized by OpSpecs. Before issuing C61, the OI must determine the
          following:
           * The Airplane Flight Manual permits use of the flight control guidance system
          (autoland system) to touchdown.
           * Training on the use of the flight control guidance system and auto-land
          procedures to touchdown is provided to flight crewmembers.
           * The operator continually maintains flight control guidance and auto-land
          systems in accordance with an approved maintenance program for auto-land
          operations.

      (2) The airplanes (make/model) and the flight control guidance systems
          (manufacturer/model) authorized for this type of operation must be listed in
          C61a. The following is an example of how airplanes and flight control guidance
          systems should be listed:

           AIRPLANE TYPE              FLIGHT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEMS
           (MAKE/MODEL)                     (MANUFACTURER/MODEL)
           BOEING 727 222                  FLIGHT DYNAMICS HGS 1000
          DOUGLAS DC9 81                        SUNDSTRAND 960


   L. Paragraph C62 - MANUALLY FLOWN FLIGHT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEM
      CERTIFIED FOR LANDING OPERATIONS OTHER THAN CATEGORIES II AND
      III.



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 53 of 69
      (1) C62 authorizes an operator to use a flight control guidance system which is
          certified for landing operations to touchdown. Currently, only two systems are
          certified for these operations: the Flight Dynamics HUD, and the Sunstrand
          HUD. Before issuing C62, the OI must determine the following:
          * The Airplane Flight Manual permits use of the flight control guidance system
          (heads up display) to touchdown.
          * Training on the use of the flight control guidance system to touchdown is
          provided to flight crewmembers.
          * The operator continually maintains the flight control guidance systems in
          accordance with an approved maintenance program for these operations.

      (2) The airplanes (make/model) and the flight control guidance systems
          (manufacturer/model) that are authorized for this type of operation must be
          listed in C62a. The following is an example of how airplanes and flight control
          guidance systems should be listed:


        AIRPLANE TYPE(MAKE/MODEL)               FLIGHT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEMS
                                                     (MANUFACTURER/MODEL)
       BOEING 727 222                          FLIGHT DYNAMICS HGS 1000
       DOUG DC9 81                             SUNDSTRAND 960


   M. Paragraph C63 - INSTRUMENT APPROACH OPERATIONS USING AN AREA
      NAVIGATION SYSTEM. (T.B.D)

   N. Paragraph C64 - SPECIAL TERMINAL AREA IFR                       OPERATIONS          -
      AUTHORIZATIONS, LIMITATIONS, AND PROVISIONS.

      C64 authorizes an operator to conduct the following types of special operations:
      * Nonscheduled passenger and cargo and scheduled all-cargo terminal area IFR
      operations outside of controlled airspace
      * Scheduled passenger terminal area IFR operations outside of controlled
      airspace and at locations without an operating control tower
      * Use of special instrument approach or departure procedures

      (1) Nonscheduled Operations. Before authorizing nonscheduled terminal area IFR
          operations outside of controlled airspace, the OI must determine that the
          operator has a method or procedure of obtaining and disseminating necessary
          operational information. This operational information must include the
          following:
           * The airport is served by an authorized instrument approach procedure (and
          departure procedure when applicable)
           * Applicable charts for crewmember use
           * Operational weather data from an approved source for control of flight
          movements and crewmember use
           * Status of airport services and facilities at the time of the operation
           * Suitable means for pilots to obtain traffic advisories




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 54 of 69
      (2) Scheduled Operations. Before authorizing scheduled terminal area IFR
          operations outside of controlled airspace or at airports without an operating air
          traffic control tower, the OI must obtain and list the following information in
          paragraph C64. A template for listing this information is provided on the
          OpSpecs worksheet.
            * Names of airports
            * Sources of weather information to be used by flightcrews
            * Source of traffic and airport advisories

      (3) Sources of Traffic and Airport Advisories. Certificate holders may be
          authorized to use any two-way radio source of air traffic advisory information
          listed in the AIP or equivalent aeronautical information publications (for foreign
          operations). These sources include common traffic advisory frequencies,
          unicom, multicom, and flight service stations. If an air traffic advisory source is
          also suitable for determining the status of airport services and facilities, it is the
          only source which needs to be listed in paragraph C64. When airport services
          and facilities information is on a different frequency than the traffic advisory
          frequency, both sources should be listed in paragraph C64. In those cases
          where two sources are listed at the same airport, inspectors must ensure the
          operator's manuals have procedures which require pilots to continuously
          monitor and use the traffic advisory frequency when operating within 10
          nautical miles of the airport. The procedures should require communication
          concerning airport services and facilities to be completed while more than 10
          miles from the airport. At some airports no public use frequencies may be
          available. In those cases, a certificate holder must arrange for radio
          communication of essential information including surveillance of local or
          transient aircraft operations by ground personnel. Ground personnel, who
          operate a company radio for airport status and traffic advisory, must be able to
          view airspace around the airport.

      (4) Special Terminal Instrument Approach or Departure Procedures. (TBD)

   O. Paragraph C65 - POWERBACK OPERATIONS WITH AIRPLANES.

      C65 authorizes the use of powerplant reversing systems for rearward taxi
      operations. Airplane types (make/model/series) authorized for powerback
      operations must be listed in C65. Airports where powerback operations are
      authorized must also be listed. If the OI and/or operator determine that restrictions
      to powerback operations are required at certain gates or ramp areas, the
      restrictions must be described (adjacent to the airport name) in the "Restrictions
      and Limitations" column. OpSpecs worksheets provide a template for listing
      authorized airplanes, airports, and restrictions.



   P. Paragraph C66 - TURBOJET AIRPLANE TAKEOFF OPERATIONS IN TAILWIND
      CONDITIONS.

      (1) C66 authorizes the operator to conduct turbojet airplane takeoff operations in
          tailwind conditions. There are two options for paragraph C66. The first option



CA AOC-002a                              9 July 2007                                 Page 55 of 69
         authorizes tailwind operations for tailwind conditions not exceeding 10 knots.
         The second option authorizes tailwind operations for tailwind conditions not
         exceeding 15 knots. When the second option is issued, a table is provided for
         operator specific information to be entered when an operator is given a special
         authorization in accordance with C66b.

      (2) Option 1 may be issued to operators who operate turbojet airplanes that have
          approved airplane flight manuals (AFMs) that contain an authorization for
          operating with tailwind components of 10 knots. The operator must conduct its
          tailwind operations in accordance with the operating procedures and
          performance for limitations specified in the approved AFM.

      (3) Option 2 may be issued to operators who operate turbojet airplanes that have
          approved AFMs that contain an authorization for operating with tailwind
          components of 15 knots. The operator must conduct its tailwind operations in
          accordance with the operating procedures and performance limitations
          specified in the approved AFM and in accordance with the requirements of
          C66a, including the additional field length requirements of C66a(2)(c). If a
          special authorization in accordance with C66b is issued, airport identification,
          runway, airplane make/model/series, and special conditions and limitations
          information must be entered into the table. If a special authorization is not
          issued, the words "NOT AUTHORIZED" should be entered into the table.

   Q. Paragraph C67 - SPECIAL AIRPORT AUTHORIZATIONS, PROVISIONS, AND
      LIMITATIONS. TO BE DEVELOPED

   R. Paragraph C68 - NOISE ABATEMENT DEPARTURE PROFILES (NADP).

      (1) C68 authorizes an operator to conduct NADPs using aircraft with a maximum
          certificated gross takeoff weight of more than 75,000 pounds. Operators may
          use either or both of two standard NADPs as described in FAA AC 91-53,
          "Noise Abatement Departure Profiles," as amended.

      (2) Before authorizing this paragraph, the OI must ensure that all airplane vertical
          departure profiles described in the certificate holder operations and/or training
          manuals comply with the minimum criteria established in AC 91-53 for NADPs
          (Close-In and Distant) before approving paragraph C68 for the certificate
          holder's OpSpecs. The certificate holder shall not use any other departure
          profile (except as stated in CAR Part 91) that is not defined within the AC.

      (3) Proposed exceptions to the criteria as stated in this OpSpec which would be
          less limiting (less than 800 feet above field elevation (AFE)) must be
          addressed by the certificate holder to Commissioner.

      (4) FAA AC 91-53, established minimum acceptable criteria for speed, thrust
          settings, airplane configurations and the criteria for both the Close-In and
          Distant NADPs. These NADPs can be combined with preferential runway
          selection and flight path techniques to minimize noise impact.




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 56 of 69
         NOTE: The Distant departure profiles requires an initiation of flaps/slats
         retraction prior to thrust cutback initiation with the thrust cutback initiation at an
         altitude of no less than 800 feet AFE. Configuration changes necessary to
         meet regulatory performance or operations requirements shall not be affected
         by this procedure. For those airplanes that have a performance requirement to
         reduce takeoff flaps to an intermediate takeoff flap setting at 400 feet AFE or
         above, the next flap/slats retraction should be initiated at an altitude of no less
         than 800 feet AFE.

   S. Paragraph C70 - AIRPORTS AUTHORIZED FOR SCHEDULED OPERATIONS.

      (1) The OpSpecs must prescribe the authorizations and limitations for each type
          of operation. All regular airports shall be listed in the OpSpecs of all operators
          conducting scheduled operations. This includes domestic and international
          operations, flag operations. The operator may maintain a current list of these
          airports, and that list can be incorporated in the OpSpecs by reference to the
          list in C70.

      (2) If the airports are to be listed in C70, the OpSpecs worksheet provides a
          template for the information which must be listed. This information includes the
          following:
          * Airport name
          * Three letter identifier of the airport, if available
          * Airplanes authorized to use the airport (Normally, the operator's airplanes
          can be listed in the seven spaces provided at the top of the "Authorized
          Airplanes" column.)
          * A notation as to whether the airport is a regular (R), refueling (F) or
          provisional (P) for each type of airplane authorized (Refueling and provisional
          airports are not applicable to Part 135 operators.)

      (3) The following is an example of how this information can be formatted.


                                  AIRPLANES AUTHORIZED
AIRPORT NAME           IDENT      L1011 B737 DHC7 B99                 CV580     P.FOR IDENT
William B Hartsfield   ATL        R     R
Atlanta Intl
Dekalb – Peachtree     PDK                 P                                    ATL
Greater Buffalo Intl   BUF        R        R          R      R        R
Albany County          ALB                 F          R      R        R
John F. Kennedy Intl   JFK        R        P          P      R        R         LGA
La Guardia             LGA                 R          R      R


           NOTE: If an airport is designated as provisional, the regular airport or airports
          for which it serves as a provisional airport must be annotated. (Except in
          unique situations, an airport should not be designated as a provisional airport
          if it is located more than 100 statute miles outside of the metropolitan area
          served by the regular airport.)




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                                 Page 57 of 69
      (4) If the operator provides a list of airports to be incorporated into C70, this list
          must provide the same type of information discussed in subparagraphs B and
          C. This list must be annotated with the effective date of the listing. The list
          does not need to be physically attached to C70, but it must be maintained on
          file at the CAA with copies of the operator's OpSpecs. If a list is provided, no
          entries should be made on the OpSpecs worksheet.

      (5) C70 specifies that the operator must maintain a list of alternate airports which
          can be used. This list of alternates may be integrated into the list provided by
          the operator, if desired. If a separate list of alternate airports is maintained by
          the operator, the CAA does not need to maintain a copy. The OI should
          occasionally inspect the list of alternates to determine airport and airplane
          compatibility.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                               Page 58 of 69
                                     CHAPTER 5

             HELICOPTER TERMINAL INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES
          AND AIRPORT AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS - PART H

   Part H is issued to each operator who conducts Civil Aviation Regulations (CAR) Part
   127 instrument flight rules (IFR) operations with helicopters. Part H is not usually
   issued to CAR Part 127 helicopter operators who are restricted to visual flight rules
   (VFR) only operations. The following is a list of the paragraphs:

   H101        Terminal instrument procedures
   H102        Basic instrument approach procedure authorizations - all airports
   H103        IFR landing minimums other than airborne radar and categories II and III
               approaches - all airports
   H104        Helicopter en route descent areas
   H105        Alternate airport IFR weather minimums
   H106        IFR takeoff minimums , helicopter operations - all airports
   H107        Special restrictions for foreign terminal instrument procedures
   H108        Category II ( CAT II ) instrument approach and landing operations
   H109        Category III ( CAT III ) instrument approach and landing operations
   H110        Flight control guidance systems for automatic landing operations other
               than categories II and III
   H111        Manually flown flight control guidance system certified for landing
               operations other than categories II and III
   H112        Instrument approach operations using an area navigation system
   H113        Special terminal area IFR operations - authorizations , limitations , and
               provisions
   H114        Special airport authorizations , provisions , and limitations
   H120        Airports authorized for scheduled operations

   A. H101 - TERMINAL INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES.

     H101 is issued to all helicopter operators who conduct any flight operations under
     IFR. IFR operators whose operations are restricted to the Republic of South Africa
     are only issued H101a(1), (2), and (3). The whole paragraph is issued to operators
     who are authorized to conduct any IFR helicopter operation outside South Africa.

   B. H102 - BASIC INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE AUTHORIZATIONS -
      ALL AIRPORTS.

      H102 specifies the types of instrument approaches the helicopter operator is
      authorized to conduct and prohibits the use of other types of instrument
      approaches. Only the types of instrument approaches checked on the OpSpecs
      worksheet for C52 will be printed in paragraph H102. If precision approaches are
      not authorized, H102b will not be printed. Before authorizing a type of instrument
      approach procedure (IAP), the OI must assure the operator provides appropriate
      training for the types of approaches to be authorized.

   C. H103 - IFR LANDING MINIMUMS OTHER THAN AIRBORNE RADAR AND
      CATEGORIES II AND III APPROACHES - ALL AIRPORTS.



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                             Page 59 of 69
     H103 specifies the lowest minimums that can be used for Category I non-precision
     approaches, precision approaches, and circling maneuvers. It prescribes
     conditions which must be met in order to conduct contact approaches. It also
     provides special limitations and provisions for instrument approach procedures at
     foreign airports. If an operator is not authorized to conduct precision approaches,
     the language of H103b will be automatically changed to prohibit the use of
     precision approaches. If the operator is not authorized to conduct operations
     outside South Africa, H103e will not be issued.

   D. H104 - HELICOPTER ENROUTE DESCENT AREAS.

      H104 is issued to all operators authorized to conduct IFR helicopter operations
      using helicopter en-route descent procedures within specified areas of operation.
      It is not issued to helicopter operators who are not authorized to use helicopter en-
      route descent procedures. Figure 1. illustrates one method of authorizing use of a
      particular HEDA.

   E. H105 - ALTERNATE AIRPORT IFR WEATHER MINIMUMS.

      H105 is issued to all Part 127 operators who conduct IFR operations with
      helicopters.

   F. H106 - IFR       TAKEOFF      MINIMUMS,        HELICOPTER      OPERATIONS         ALL
      AIRPORTS.

     H106 is issued to all operators who conduct IFR helicopter operations under Part
     127. If an operator is not authorized to conduct operations outside South Africa,
     H106d(3) will not be printed for issuance. If an operator is not authorized to use
     lower than standard takeoff minimums, H106d and e will not be printed for
     issuance.

   G. H107 - SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS FOR FOREIGN TERMINAL INSTRUMENT
      PROCEDURES.

      H107 is issued only when the OI finds it necessary to place special restrictions on
      a foreign terminal instrument procedure. These special restrictions to foreign
      terminal instrument procedures are applicable only to South Africa operators. The
      purpose of these special restrictions is to establish an equivalency between the
      foreign terminal instrument procedure and ICAO (PANS-OPS). The OI must issue
      H107 with the name of the airport, airport identifier, procedure identification, and
      special restrictions listed in the appropriate template.


   H. H108 - CATEGORY II (CAT II) INSTRUMENT APPROACH AND LANDING
      OPERATIONS.

      All initial CAT II operations for each operator and each aircraft used by that
      operator require CAA review and concurrence before the issuance of H108. This
      concurrence is also required before the OI may amend H108 to include an aircraft



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                               Page 60 of 69
      make/model/series (m/m/s) new to the operator. All reductions in CAT II operating
      minimums for each operator and aircraft require CAA concurrence.

      (1) CAT II Approach and Landing Minimums and Authorized Aircraft. Each aircraft
          m/m/s used in CAT II operations must be listed in subparagraph H108a. The
          lowest decision height (DH) and lowest runway visual range (RVR) authorized
          for each aircraft must also be specified. Figure 2. illustrates the method for
          authorizing each aircraft in H 108a.

      (2) Required CAT II Airborne Equipment. The flight instruments, radio navigation
          equipment, other airborne systems required by the applicable CAR, and the
          approved rotorcraft flight manual (RFM) for the conduct of CAT II operations
          must be installed and operational. The additional airborne equipment listed or
          referenced in figure 3. is also required and must be operational for CAT II
          operations. There are two acceptable methods of demonstrating that an
          aircraft is airworthy for CAT II operations: a "type design approval" obtained by
          a manufacturer, or an " operational demonstration" conducted by an operator.

         (a) Type Design Approval. The RFM (or supplement), for aircraft that have
             CAT II type design approval, contains a statement to the effect that the
             airborne systems have demonstrated the reliability and redundancy
             necessary for CAT II operations, in accordance with the current guidance,
             Advisory Circular (AC) 120-29, "Criteria for Approving Category I and
             Category II Landing Minima for CAR 121 Operations," as amended. These
             approved RFM's and supplements also specify that certain equipment is
             required for airworthiness approval of the various kinds of CAT II
             operations. Some of the approved RFM's also indicate that acceptable CAT
             II performance was demonstrated both with and without (w/wo) certain
             equipment (for example w/wo auto throttles). AC 120-29 also specifies that
             certain types of equipment are required for operational approval of the
             various kinds of CAT II operations (manual/autopilot). Therefore, both the
             RFM and AC 120-29 must be considered in determining the additional
             equipment that must be specified in H108b. (See figure 3.)

              (i) Explicitly Required Equipment. Equipment that is explicitly required by
                  the aircraft certification, the operating regulations (CASR Parts 91 and
                  127) and/or the RFM should not be specified in H108b. The standard
                  text of H108b requires this equipment to be functional.

              (ii) Non-Explicitly Required Equipment. When the RFM indicates
                   acceptable performance both w/wo certain items of equipment not
                   explicitly required by AC 120-29, the OI must determine how the
                   operator intends to conduct CAT II operations and train flight crews with
                   those items of equipment. If the operator proposes to conduct
                   operations both w/wo certain items of equipment (such as auto throttle,
                   autopilot), flight crews must be trained for both situations, and the item
                   of equipment does not need to be listed in H108b. If the operator
                   proposes to conduct operations only when those items of equipment are
                   functional, then those items of equipment must be specified in H 108b.




CA AOC-002a                              9 July 2007                              Page 61 of 69
         (b) Operational Demonstration by the Certificate Holder.
             (i) Non-Type Design Equipment. The operational demonstration method of
                 ensuring the airworthiness of CAT II equipment is only appropriate for
                 aircraft and equipment that do not have CAT II type design approval.
                 The certificate holder must conduct the operational demonstration in
                 accordance with AC 120-29. The additional equipment that must be
                 specified in H108b is determined by considering the equipment required
                 by the rotorcraft certification regulations and operating regulations (CAR
                 Parts 91 and 126), AC 120-29, and the equipment configuration used
                 during the operational demonstration of airworthiness conducted by the
                 operator. Equipment required by the rotorcraft certification regulations
                 and operating regulations should not be listed in H108b. Equipment
                 required by AC 120-29 and any other items of equipment essential to the
                 CAT II equipment configuration used in the operational demonstration of
                 airworthiness must be listed as additional equipment in H 108b.

              (ii) Manual/Autopilot Operations. Manual and/or autopilot operations must
                  be specified for each item of equipment listed in H108b. The OI
                  accomplishes this by placing an "X" in the appropriate column adjacent
                  to each item of equipment. If an item of equipment is applicable to both
                  manual and autopilot, X's must be placed in both columns. If an item of
                  equipment is applicable to one kind of CAT II operation, but not the
                  other, an X must be placed in the applicable column, with the other
                  column left blank. If only one kind of CAT II operation is authorized, then
                  the X's must be placed in the appropriate "Manual" or "Autopilot"
                  column. See figure 3. for examples of how the items of equipment
                  should be specified for the kind of CAT II operation.

      (3) Required RVR Reporting Equipment. These requirements are issued in
         subparagraph H108c of the operations specifications.

      (4) Pilot Qualifications. These requirements are issued in subparagraph H108d of
          the operations specifications.

      (5) Operating Limitations. These requirements are issued in subparagraph H108e
          of the operations specifications.

      (6) Missed Approach Requirements. These requirements                 are   issued     in
          subparagraph H108f of the operations specifications.

      (7)Authorized Landing Areas. Airports and runways for which an operator is
         authorized to conduct CAT II instrument approach and landing operations are
         specified by H108g. If the airport and runways are approved for CAT II
         operations, they should not be listed in H108g unless the OI determines that
         there is a need to specify a special limitation for an operator at a particular
         airport.

   I. H109-CATEGORY III (CAT III) INSTRUMENT APPROACH AND LANDING
      OPERATIONS.




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                               Page 62 of 69
      CAT III operations are evaluated in accordance with AC 120-28, "Criteria for
      Approval of Category III Landing Weather Minima" (as amended). OI's approve
      CAT III operations by issuing paragraph H109. Before a I may issue or amend
      paragraph H109, the OI must coordinate with and obtain written concurrence from
      the Commissioner. That written concurrence must contain each operation and
      each m/m/s of aircraft used by that operator.

      (1) CAT III Approach and Landing Minimums. The decision height/alert height
          (DH/AH) and lowest RVR authorized for each m/m/s of aircraft type must be
          specified in subparagraph H109a for the kinds of CAT III operations
          authorized. CAT IIIa fail-passive operations must use a 50-foot DH. Most CAT
          IIIa/ lIIb fail-operational operations use a 50- or 100-foot DH. Use of a DH in
          conjunction with an AH for these operations is inappropriate. Sometimes,
          however, a DH is required for fail-operational CAT III operations (see AC 120-
          28). In these situations, a 50-foot DH or less should be specified. Use of an
          AH in these operations is inappropriate. Figure 4. illustrates the method for
          authorizing each aircraft in H109a.

       (2)Required CAT III Airborne Equipment. The equipment required to conduct
         CAT III operations for each aircraft m/m/s is specified by H 109b and is
         established in accordance with the applicable CAR, the RFM, and AC 120-28
         (as amended). The only acceptable method of demonstrating the airworthiness
         of an aircraft for CAT III operations is through type design approval obtained
         by a manufacturer. The RFM (or supplement), for aircraft that have CAT III
         type design approval, contains a statement to the effect that the airborne
         systems have demonstrated the reliability and redundancy necessary for CAT
         III operations, in accordance with AC 120-28. These RFM's also specify that
         certain equipment is required for airworthiness approval of the various kinds of
         CAT III operations. Some of the RFM's also indicate that acceptable CAT III
         performance was demonstrated both w/wo certain equipment (for example
         w/wo autothrottles). AC 120-28 also specifies that certain types of equipment
         are required for operational approval of the various kinds of CAT III operations.
         Therefore, the OI must consider the RFM when determining the additional
         equipment to be specified in H 109b. (See figure 5.)

         (a) Additional Equipment. Equipment that is explicitly required by the rotorcraft
             certification regulations, the operating regulations (CAR Parts 91 and 127),
             and the RFM should not be specified in HI 09b. The standard text of H
             109b requires this equipment to be functional. Therefore, the additional
             equipment that must be specified in H109b is determined by cross-
             checking the types of equipment required by AC 120-28 for the kind(s) of
             CAT III operation(s) proposed against the equipment required by the
             regulations and the RFM. The additional equipment to be specified in
             H109b is not only that explicitly required by the regulations and the RFM,
             but also that required by AC 120-28 and the direction of the CAA.

         (b) Special Provisions. When the RFM indicates acceptable performance both
             w/wo certain items of equipment (which are not explicitly required by AC
             120-28 or CAA), the OI shall specify in H109b those items of equipment
             that the operator intends to use. If the operator proposes to conduct



CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                              Page 63 of 69
              operations only when those w/wo items of equipment are functional, then
              those items of equipment must be specified in H 109b.

      (3) Kinds of CAT III Operations. Fail-passive and/or fail-operational must be
         specified for each item of equipment listed in H 109b for each aircraft type.
         OI's accomplish this by placing an "X" in the appropriate column adjacent to
         each item of equipment. If an item of equipment is applicable to more than one
         kind of operation, X's must be placed in appropriate columns. If an item of
         equipment is applicable to one kind of CAT III operation, but not the others, an
         X must be placed in the applicable column. The other columns for that item of
         equipment shall be left blank. If only one kind of CAT III operation is authorized
         (for example, CAT IIIa fail-operational), then the X's must be placed in the CAT
         IIIa fail-operational column. See figure 5. for an example of how the items of
         equipment should be specified for the various kinds of CAT III operations.

      (4) Pilot Qualifications. Minimum qualifications for rotorcraft pilots are issued in
          subparagraph H109d of the operations specifications.

      (5) Operating Limitations. Limitations for rotorcraft operations are issued in
          subparagraph H109e of the operations specifications.

      (6) Missed Approach Requirements. These requirements are issued in
         subparagraph H109f of the operations specifications.

      (7) Authorized CAT III Airports and Runways. All airports and runways to which an
          operator is authorized to conduct instrument approach and landing operations
          are specified in subparagraph H109g. If the OI determine that there is a need
          to specify special limitations for the operator at a particular airport, then those
          special limitations shall be specified in H109g. Figure 6. illustrates how OI's
          should complete subparagraph H109g.

   J. H110 - FLIGHT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEMS FOR AUTOMATIC LANDING
      OPERATIONS OTHER THAN CATEGORIES II AND III.

      (1) H110 authorizes an operator to use a flight control guidance system with
          automatic landing capabilities to touchdown. Before issuing H110, the OI must
          determine the following:

         •    The Rotorcraft Flight Manual permits use of the flight control guidance
              system (autoland system) to touchdown
         •    Training on the use of the flight control guidance system and autoland
              procedures is provided to flight crewmembers
         •    The operator continually maintains flight control guidance and autoland
              systems in accordance with an approved maintenance program for
              autoland operations

      (2) The helicopter's (make/model) and the flight control guidance systems
         (manufacturer/model) authorized for this type of operation, must be listed in
         subparagraph H110a. The following is an example of how the helicopter and
         flight control guidance systems should be listed:



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                               Page 64 of 69
   K. H111 - MANUALLY FLOWN FLIGHT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEM
      CERTIFIED FOR LANDING OPERATIONS OTHER THAN CATEGORIES II AND
      III. (TBD)

   L. H112 - INSTRUMENT APPROACH                       OPERATIONS      USING      AN    AREA
      NAVIGATION SYSTEM. (TBD)

   M. H113 - SPECIAL TERMINAL AREA IFR OPERATIONS - AUTHORIZATIONS,
      LIMITATIONS, AND PROVISIONS.

      H-113 authorizes an operator to conduct the following types of special operations:

      •   Nonscheduled passenger and cargo and scheduled all-cargo terminal area
          IFR operations outside of controlled airspace
      •   Scheduled passenger terminal area IFR operations outside of controlled
          airspace and at locations without an operating air traffic control tower
      •   Use of special instrument approach or departure procedures

      (1) Nonscheduled Operations. Before authorizing nonscheduled terminal area IFR
          operations outside of controlled airspace, the OI must determine that the
          operator has a method or procedure for obtaining and disseminating
          necessary operational information. This operational information must include
          the following:
          • The airport is served by an authorized instrument approach procedure (and
             departure procedure when applicable)
          • Applicable charts for crewmember use
          • Operational weather data from an approved source for control of flight
             movements and crewmember use
          • Status of airport services and facilities at the time of the operation
          • Suitable means for pilots to obtain traffic advisories

      (2) Scheduled Operations. Before authorizing scheduled terminal area IFR
         helicopter operations outside of controlled airspace, or at airports without an
         operating air traffic control tower, the OI must obtain and list the following
         information in H113. A template for listing this information is on the OpSpecs
         worksheet.
         • Names of airports
         • Source of weather information to be used by flightcrews
         • Sources of traffic and airport advisories

      (3) Sources of Traffic and Airport Advisories. Certificate holders may be
         authorized to use any two-way radio source of air traffic advisory information
         listed in the AIP or equivalent aeronautical information publications (for foreign
         operations). These sources include common traffic advisory frequencies,
         unicom, multicom, and flight service stations. If an air traffic advisory source is
         also suitable for determining the status of airport services and facilities, it is the
         only source which needs to be listed in paragraph C64. When airport services
         and facilities information is on a different frequency than the traffic advisory
         frequency, both sources should be listed in paragraph C64. In those cases



CA AOC-002a                              9 July 2007                                Page 65 of 69
         where two sources are listed at the same airport, inspectors must ensure the
         operator's manuals have procedures which require pilots to continuously
         monitor and use the traffic advisory frequency when operating within ten
         nautical miles of the airport. The procedures should require communication
         concerning airport services and facilities to be completed while more than 10
         miles from the airport. At some airports no public use frequencies may be
         available. In those cases, a certificate holder must arrange for radio
         communication of essential information including surveillance of local or
         transient aircraft operations by ground personnel. Ground personnel who
         operate a company radio for airport status and traffic advisory, must be able to
         view airspace around the airport.

      (4) Special Terminal Instrument Approach or Departure Procedures. (TBD)

   N. H114 - SPECIAL            AIRPORT      AUTHORIZATION,          PROVISIONS,        AND
      LIMITATIONS. (TBD)

   O. H120 - AIRPORTS AUTHORIZED FOR SCHEDULED OPERATIONS.

      (1)The OpSpecs must prescribe the authorizations and limitations for each type of
         operation. All regular, provisional, and refueling airports shall be listed in the
         OpSpecs of all operators conducting scheduled operations. This includes
         helicopter commuter operations. The operator may provide a list of these
         airports which can be incorporated into the OpSpecs by reference to the list in
         H120.

      (2) If the airports are to be listed in H120, the OpSpecs worksheet provides a
          template for the information which must be listed. This information includes the
          following:
          • Airport name
          • Three letter identifier of the airport, if available
          • Aircraft authorized to use the airport (Normally, the operator's aircraft can
              be listed in the seven spaces provided at the top of the "Authorized Aircraft"
              column.)
          • A notation that the airport is a regular airport (R) for the type of aircraft
              authorized

      (3) Figure 8. is an example of how this information can be formatted:

         NOTE: If an airport is designated as provisional, the regular airport for which it
         serves as a provisional airport must be annotated. (Except in unique situations,
         an airport should not be designated as a provisional airport if it is located more
         than 30 statute miles from the regular airport.)

      (4) If the operator provides a list of airports to be incorporated into H120, this list
          must provide the same type of information previously discussed. This list must
          be annotated with the effective date of the listing. The list does not need to be
          physically attached to H120, but it must be maintained on file in the CAA office
          with copies of the operator's OpSpecs. If a list is provided by the operator, no
          entries should be made on the OpSpecs worksheet.



CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                               Page 66 of 69
      (5) H120 specifies that the operator must maintain a list of alternate airports which
          can be used. The list of alternates may be integrated into the list provided by
          the operator, if desired. If a separate list of alternate airports is maintained by
          the operator, it is not necessary for the CAA to maintain a copy. The OI,
          however, should occasionally inspect the list of alternates to determine airport
          and aircraft compatibility.

FIGURE 1.
  Authorized Helicopter       En Lowest     Authorized Remarks,      Limitations and
  Route Descent Areas            Altitude (LAA)        Conditions
  Eugene Island Block 191        400 Ft.               Increase LAA to 700 ft,
                                                       with radar altimeter or
                                                       mapping radar inoperative

FIGURE 2.

 AIRPLANE            TYPE DH NOT LESS THAN                    LOWEST
 (MAKE/MODEL/SERIES)                                          AUTHORIZED RVR
 BH-222                   100 Ft                              1200
 SK-76                    150Ft                               1600

FIGURE 3.
EXAMPLE OF CAT II ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT (TYPE DESIGN)
   AIRPLANE MAKE/MODEL/SERIES                                  KIND OF     CAT II
   ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT AND                                    OPERATION
   SPECIAL PROVISIONS                                          MANUAL   AUTOPILOT

  NOTE: THE POI MUST LIST ALL REQUIRED EQUIP-
  MENT NOT SPECIFIED IN THE CASR, IN THE TYPE
  DESIGN APPROVAL, IN THE RFM, AND IN AC 120-29


NOTE:THE FOLLOWING EQUIPMENT IS REQUIRED BY THE RFM AND SHOULD
     NOT BE LISTED IN 108b

      •     One Autopilot
      •     Two EADIs
      •     Two IRUs in NAV mode
      •     Two sources of electrical power

FIGURE 4.

1. CATEGORY IIIa FAIL-PASSIVE OPERATIONS
AIRCRAFT TYPE             DH/AH     LOWEST AUTHORIZED RVR
MAKE/MODEL/SERIES
BH-222                    50 DH     700
2. CATEGORY IIIa FAIL-OPERATIONAL OPERATIONS
AIRPLANE           TYPE DH/AH       LOWEST AUTHORIZED RVR
(MAKE/MODEL/SERIES)
SK-76                     100 AH    700




CA AOC-002a                             9 July 2007                               Page 67 of 69
3. CATEGORY IIIb FAIL-OPERATIONAL OPERATIONS
AIRPLANE           TYPE DH /AH      LOWEST AUTHORIZED RVR
(MAKE/MODEL/SERIES)
SK-76                     100 AH    300

FIGURE 5.
EXAMPLE OF CAT III ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT

AIRCRAFT MAKE/MODEL/SERIES                    KIND OF CAT III OPERATION
ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT/                         CAT IIIa         CAT IIIb
SPECIAL PROVISIONS                            FAIL     FAIL    RVR      BELOW
                                              PASS OP          600      600
NOTE: THE POI MUST LIST ALL REQUIRED
EQUIPMENT NOT SPECIFIED IN THE CASR,
IN THE TYPE DESIGN APPROVAL, IN THE
RFM, AND IN AC 120-29

FIGURE 6.

AIRPORT                      RUNWAYS                  SPECIAL LIMITATIONS
William    B.     Hartsfield 8L, 8R
Atlanta, GA (ATL)

FIGURE 7.
AIRCRAFT TYPE (MAKE/MODEL)         FLIGHT CONTROL GUIDANCE SYSTEM
                                   (MANUFACTURER/MODEL)
S-76                               Astronautics P/N 131810
Bell 222                           Sperry SHZ-222

FIGURE 8.

                                 AIRPLANES AUTHORIZED
AIRPORT NAME            IDENT    SK61   BH222                  P.FOR IDENT
Albany County           ALB      R      R
John F. Kennedy Intl    JFK      R      R
La Guardia              LGA      R      R




CA AOC-002a                            9 July 2007                           Page 68 of 69

								
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