Information Technology Healthcare Information Technology and Services in the Healthcare - DOC by ncu63283

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									Sharlene Anderson
Mimie Kamanda
Cory Rogowski
Jin Yee Lee
Ruthline Kelly



                                     IT in Health Care



       Informational technology in the healthcare industry has and will continue to

decrease costs and increase the quality of healthcare received by consumers. A healthcare

information infrastructure will provide a foundation for improving healthcare information

management, which can be applied throughout the healthcare system. This can handle

everything from billing and payment to delivery of services by medical experts. The goal

of healthcare information technology is to increase the quality and accessibility to

healthcare services while reducing the overall costs of delivering the services.

       So how does it work? Healthcare information technology includes communication

networks, medical information resources, computers and information appliances, and

people to access the information needed. There must be a nationwide adoption of an

integrated healthcare system in order for this to be effective and efficient.

       Public and private sector efforts must overcome a variety of environmental,

technological, and human challenges. Some of these barriers to healthcare information

technology adoption include start up cost being too high, misalignment of incentives,

which are differing perceptions of the value brought to the industry by implementing IT,

Legal barriers such as liability and ownership of data and data storage. There is a large

amount of information generated for each patient, some of which is legally required to be
held in information storage for a minimum of information storage. Finally adaptation to

new technology may create difficulty in implementing and learning the program.

       In response to theses barriers there are many solutions to the adoption of

healthcare information technology. Computerized patient records will be made available

to all key players and restricted from unauthorized users. Telemedicine, the use of

medical information exchange from one site to another using electronic communication

for the health and education of patients or providers and to improve patient care, (aka

medical computer technology) is another possible solution. The application of outcome

information and computer-aided medicine such as WebMD will also aid in these

challenges.

       In 1993, in his Economic Plan for America, President Clinton announced a major

initiative to create an IT infrastructure in healthcare. Currently, President Bush has

allocated $50 million towards healthcare innovations. Next year this budget will be

doubled to $100 million. In a 1992-study by Arthur D. Little, Inc., it was concluded that

annual healthcare costs could be reduced by at least $36 billion through nationwide

application of certain information technologies. Such savings could come from less

manpower, less paperwork, faster transmission of test results, and overall more efficient

and higher quality services in the healthcare industry.

       Although healthcare information technology is a relatively new innovation, there

are already countless features of this new application. A few of the possible services and

features of IT in healthcare include authorized access to computer based lifetime patient

records, coordination of medical benefits information, authorization of care services,
patient monitoring and testing data, financial settlement services, and secure patient

medical information.

       Many people will benefit from the implementation of the healthcare information

technology because today’s healthcare system is a fragmented set of players. Some of

these players include doctors, nurses, payers, suppliers, pharmaceutical companies,

employees, as well as clinical research and education. Healthcare infrastructures must be

linked both locally and nationally in order for the industry to benefit as a whole.

       By providing access to complete patients’ history and current patient information,

along with online medical libraries, outcomes data, medical literature, and even

consulting specialists, clinicians will be able to make decisions in a real-time with benefit

of the entire range of medical knowledge available. This will result in higher quality

clinical decisions, thus generating higher quality outcomes. In order to achieve higher

quality, there must be certain standards set. Our government provides legal standards for

the industry to follow. Data formats and definitions must be uniformed throughout the

industry to ensure that all key players understand how the system works. To further

ensure this understanding, demonstration project will be lead by private sector

stakeholders.

       By applying new information technologies to the delivery of healthcare services,

tremendous pressure of the healthcare system can be alleviated. Through all the

possibilities available to the healthcare industry, consumers can reap the benefits of the

Information Age. We chose IT in healthcare as a management information system

because it helps organize patient and billing information so it can be easily be passed
from one site to another, it provides up-to-date information and the information is

delivered in a usable form to all key players.




                                       Works Cited



http://www.ahima.org/about/about.cfm

http://www.kaisernetwork.org

http://www.whitehouse.gov

								
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