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					                      ?
Canberra Technology City


                   Carsten Larsen
   CIO & General Manager Commercial Development
               ActewAGL & TransACT
        Climate Change
... Is only one part of the Challenge
 Land Degradation
There are better ways




   Clean Power - Clean Air
                                 E-Waste
               ...is growing as problem every year
• Waste Electrical and
  Electronic Equipment is the
  developed world’s fastest
  growing waste stream.
• Currently exported to
  developing countries -Asia,
  India, Africa and China.
• 2003 - UK shipped 23,000
  tonnes “grey market” e-
  waste.
• US not ratified Basel
  convention – 50-80% of all
  e-waste arising is exported.
E-Waste
                              What is a Carbon Unit?
                              International trading unit
              One metric tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent CO2e

                   Gas Type               Chemical Symbol    Global warming
                                                            potential over 100
                                                                  years
                   Carbon dioxide              CO2                  1
                   Methane                     CH4                 21
                   Nitrous oxide               N2 O               310
                   Sulphur hexafluoride        SF6              23,900
                   Hydrofluorocarbons         HFCs           140-11,700
Source IPCC 1996
                   Perfluorocarbons           PFCs           6,500-9,200
                            E-Waste
                            Pollution
• Third World – recycling
• No controls,
  brominated, furans &
  dioxins – released
  through burning
• Lead, mercury cadmium
  released
• HCL – relased form
  burning PVC
      The WEEE Man
3 tonnes of e-waste per person
                            E-Waste
                         What's in a rack?
•   Extraction and production of iron, gold, copper, tin,
•   steel, tantalum, berylium .....
•   Petro-chemicals – PVC, ABS, Polythene, epoxy .....
•   Manufacturing and packaging semi-conductors
•   Metal processing – bending cutting forming
•   Transport
•   Power consumed in manufacture
•   Power consumed in use
•   Power generation
•   Transport            Every 1 kg of electronics requires
•   Waste disposal       about 300kg of raw materials
                                        Source: Wuppertal Institute 2004
                   KEY Conclusions of EPA
                  Report to Congress 2007
• Current efficiency trends in processors are insufficient
  Manufacturers need to rise to the challenge of
  improving energy efficiency - Governments and IT
  professionals need to bring pressure to bear on
  manufacturers - IT Professional and manufacturers
  must cooperate to:
   – Improve IT Productivity
   – Maximise Computational performance per unit of power
   – Improve efficiency of delivery of power at the plug to
     internal
   – IT hardware components
• Engineering and Facilities professional must:
   – Improve efficiency of site infrastructure
                    What is Sustainability?
• Sustainability results from activities which:
  – extend the productive life of organisations and maintain
    corporate performance
  – enhance the planet’s ability to maintain and renew the
    viability of the biosphere and protect all living species
  – enhance society’s ability to maintain itself and to solve its
    major problems
  – maintain a decent level of welfare for present and future
    generations of humanity
• Sustainable organisations engage in activities
  that contribute in these four ways.
                                     Green IT
                              Balanced Sustainability
„balancing the fulfilment of Human
needs with the protection of the
Natural Environment‟




                                     V
                                     a
                                     l
                                     u
                                     e
                      The next big thing for ICT!
                           Climate Change


                      The                VOIP     Infrastructure
 Proprietary Mini midrange                         Virtulisation
    computers      computer            On demand
                        Wide Area       computing
                                                        Carbon
           PCs          Networks Y2K Convergence
                                                        neutral
               Local Area
Mainframes                    The Internet            computing
                Networks



 1970   1980   1985    1990   1995   2000   2005   2010 and beyond
                                                 The Green CIO
                          Delivering the ICT Triple bottom line.
"People“
     –     The Green CIO encourages and facilitates work force practices that reduces negative environmental
           impacts by, for example, enabling telecommuting and videoconferencing.
     –     The Green CIO understands that people want to work for environmentally responsible organisations
           increasing the company’s ability to attract ICT talent.
     –     The Green CIO encourages ICT staff to innovate to assist in reducing ICT’s and the company’s products
           impact on the environment.
"Planet"
     –     The Green CIO endeavours to benefit the natural order as much as possible or at the least do no harm
           and curtail environmental impact from the company use of ICT.
     –     The Green CIO endeavour to reduce the company’s ecological footprint by, among other things, carefully
           managing ICT’s consumption of energy, non-renewable materials and reducing waste as well as
           rendering waste less toxic before disposing of it in a safe and legal manner.
     –     "Cradle to grave" is uppermost in the thoughts of the Green CIO who typically conduct a a life cycle
           assessment of new technologies to determine what the true environmental cost is from their use
           including resources use in manufacturing, distribution, operation and their eventual disposal.
"Profit"
     –     The Green CIO understands that often environmental sustainability is the more profitable course for a
           business in the long run.
     –     The Green CIO assist in establishing a marketing messages that emphasises the company's
           environmental responsibility
                          Secure Power
                          The Challenge
• In the case of Electricity Grid or Market failures, the ACT
  does not have an independent power supply for
  essential services.
• The ACT government is eager to change the situation.
• In response, ActewAGL has over the past decade been
  evaluating the viability of a Gas Powered Generator in
  the ACT.
• Up to now such proposals have not been deemed to be
  financially viable.
• However, with global warming, heighten environmental
  awareness and technology advances the status quo is
  changing .
                                                                            Emissions by sector

                    1

                                          Australian                                          Australia 2004
                                            Capital
                                           Territory




                                                                                   2




1.   The ACT Climate Change Strategy 2007-2025, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra 2007
2.   Commonwealth of Australia 2006, Uranium Mining, Processing and Nuclear Energy — Opportunities for Australia?, Report to the Prime Minister by the Uranium Mining, Processing and Nuclear Energy Review Taskforce,
     December 2006.
It is time ....
                          The Proposed Solution

Base Priorities
The solution must
 be economically
      viable
                    The Proposed Solution
Secure essential
power supply to
    the ACT
                     Build a Gas fired

    Reduce
 environmental
                     generator in the
                           ACT            The Enabler
  impact of the                           Due to changes in ICT technology
 power supply       Attract an industry    and environmental awareness         Access to secure power is one of
                    that values secure     there is currently a significant   the most important requirements
                        power and         demand for a new generation of               for data centres.
   Encourage        complements the                  data centres
   sustainable       ACT’s skills base
growth in the ACT
    economy
                      The next big thing for ICT!
                           Climate Change


                      The                VOIP     Infrastructure
 Proprietary Mini midrange                         Virtulisation
    computers      computer            On demand
                        Wide Area       computing
                                                        Carbon
           PCs          Networks Y2K Convergence
                                                        neutral
               Local Area
Mainframes                    The Internet            computing
                Networks



 1970   1980   1985    1990   1995   2000   2005   2010 and beyond
                         Call to Action


“… power will be the number one issue for most large
company IT executives to address in the next 2-4 years.
Ignoring this issue will NOT be an option. Power
consideration must be incorporated into data center
planning."


                      - Jerald Murphy, SVP, Robert Francis Group (2006)
             What the experts are saying

At Gartner’s 25th Annual Data Center Conference
(November 2006), electrical power consumption
was a headline issue, demonstrating the IT industry’s
growing energy consciousness and concern about
unsustainable levels of power usage. Gartner
analysts at the conference predicted that half of the
world’s data centres will run out of power by the
end of 2008.

      “Gartner Says 50 Percent of Data Centers Will Have Insufficient Power and
      Cooling Capacity by 2008,” Gartner Inc. Press Release, November 29, 2006
                   Data Centres
               The Power Avalanche
   2001
Factor of 25    •   Up to 6 Servers/48 CPUs per rack
                •   Multiple single core processor servers
                •   Power Consumption < 1,000-4,000 W/Rack
                •   Power Consumption < 400-600 W/m²Gross




   2007         • Up to 60 Blade Servers/480 CPUs per rack standard rack
Factor of 12    • Dual Multi-core processor servers Significantly Reduced
                  Footprint
                • Power Consumption > 3,000-10,000 W/Rack
                • Power Consumption > 600-800 W/m²Gross

   2010
                •   Estimated from 2001-2007 trends
Factor of 1     •   Up to 120 Blade Servers/960 CPUs per standard rack
                •   Power Consumption > 10,000-20,000 W/Rack
                •   Power Consumption > 4,500 W/m² Gross
                                             So ... what is so bad?




Commonwealth of Australia 2006, Uranium Mining, Processing and Nuclear Energy — Opportunities for Australia?, Report to the
Prime Minister by the Uranium Mining, Processing and Nuclear Energy Review Taskforce, December 2006.
                                       Displacing Coal fired
                                            generation
Conventional brown coal

  Australian electricity
        average

 Advanced brown coal


Black coal - best practice


   Gas - single cycle


  Gas - high efficiency


   Gas - cogeneration


   Renewable energy

                             0   0.2     0.4   0.6           0.8    1   1.2   1.4
                                               Tonnes CO2 per MWh
Levelised cost ranges for
  various technologies




             Commonwealth of Australia 2006, Uranium Mining,
             Processing and Nuclear Energy — Opportunities for
             Australia?, Report to the Prime Minister by the
             Uranium Mining, Processing and Nuclear Energy
             Review Taskforce, December 2006.
Worldwide cost to power and cool server
      installed base 1996-2010




                          Source IDC 2007
                            Where does the power go?




Guide lines for Energy-Efficient Datacenters, The Green Grid
                Case Study
     How ActewAGL is working with ICT to
      make a Climate Change difference




Canberra Technology City
         VIDEO
Site Plan
      A Change in Paradigm
               Old Paradigm vs New Paradigm



New Paradigm
Gas base load - Grid backed
•Multi-turbine reliant supply
•Two Grid connections for backup supply
•Replace the need for substantial power infrastructure and
 associated fuel storage
•Co generation via absorption chilling
•Environmentally responsible
•Customers willing to pay premium for inherent benefits



            Old Paradigm
            Grid Connected - Diesel backed
            •Reliant on Grid uptime
            •Environmentally irresponsible
            •Reliant on backup diesel generators that often fail when called
             upon
            •Puts high demands on distribution/transmission infrastructures
            •Perceived cheap electricity., however, when fully costed it is more
             expensive then embedded co-generation.
            •Hard to get government approval for multi-diesel generator
             installations
                Old Paradigm
22,000 m2 of data centre space would require 100 diesel
              turbines for backup power
                                 Data Centre purchase check points
Criteria                         Benefit/Value                                Standalone New   Old Paradigm   Canberra
                                                                              Data Centre      Data Centre    Technology City
Price per square meter           A low rental/build price is the most
                                 fundamental driver

Electricity costs                Becoming one of the most important
                                 purchase factors. Long term PPA is
                                 very desirable.
Security of electricity supply   Depending on the purpose of data
                                 centre this can be a critical decision
                                 point
Environmental responsibility     Most large companies are now
                                 striving for carbon neutrality

Cost of non-IT support,          Maintaining highly complex power
maintenance and                  infrastructure can be expensive
management staff
Upgradability of power           A data centre must be future proof.
infrastructure and ability to    The cost and effort in relocations is
expand floor space               often prohibitive.
IT staff access to data centre   IT staffing cost due to locality or travel
                                 expenses to from the facility can be
                                 high
                                  Project Overview
                                   Infrastructure
     Holt Grid Connection      Disaster Recovery Site
                                                                        Moomba – Sydney Gas Pipeline

                                                    Multi Carrier
                                                    Fibre Access

                                   Dual Path
     Farrer reservoir              Fibre link

                                                                                         Multi Carrier
                                                                                         Fibre Access


                                         Canberra Technology City

    Karralika reservoir
                                                        Free air air-conditioning will reduce the
                                                        power demand from the data centres
                                                        during cold periods.


Williamsdale Grid Connection
                                                                                 Eastern Gas Pipeline
                                 Project Overview
                Opportunities for cost savings and environmental
                     impact reduction in the Data Centre

Operational
    and                                  ICT Equipment
DR Facilities



                      Air
  Security                               Switching Gear              UPS
                  Conditioning




                                      Diesel
    Site                            Generators     Electricity
                    Chillers                                     Battery Farm
Maintenance                                      Transformers
                                 Fuel Storage


       No opportunity
       Limited opportunities
       Great potential for impact
                                                               Energy Efficiency
                 65% to 70%
                 energy lost
                                           5% to 8% lost in
                                          transmission and
                                                                               Only 22% to 30%
                                                                              of the original fuel
                                                                                                                                       Conventional
                   as heat                   distribution                       energy reaches
                                                                                  point of use                                             Grid

Low Cost Fuel
  and limited
                   Power Plant
                    Generates
                                  Transformer
                                  convert low
                                                         Substation
                                                        transformer
                                                                                Home, offices , factories and
                                                                               data centres use electricity for
                                                                                                                                  22% to 30%
transportation      Electricity      voltage           converts high
                                                                              lighting, cooling, heating and to
     cost                         electricity to     voltage electricity
                                                                                     power appliances.
                                  high voltage       to low voltage for
                                  for efficient          distribution
                                    transport




   Canberra                                                                Approximately
                                                                            45% energy
                                                                                                                  No Transmission or
                                                                                                                   Distribution loss
                                                                                                                                                   Up to 55% of the
                                                                                                                                                  original fuel energy

Technology City                                                             lost as heat                                                           reaches the data
                                                                                                                                                        centres




51% to 56%                                           Medium priced
                                                      fuel and high
                                                     transportation
                                                                                Combined
                                                                                Cycle Gas
                                                                              Turbine Power
                                                                                                              The Generator can provide chilled
                                                                                                              water to the data centres further
                                                                                                             reducing the environmental impact
                                                                                                                                                    The Data Centres and other
                                                                                                                                                  facilities with high demand for
                                                                                                                                                            secure power.
                                                           cost                   Plant
                                                                                Generates
                                                                                Electricity
                                       Displacing Coal fired
                                            generation
Conventional brown coal

  Australian electricity                                                        Existing Data
        average                                                                    Centres

 Advanced brown coal


Black coal - best practice


   Gas - single cycle


  Gas - high efficiency                              Canberra Technology City

   Gas - cogeneration


   Renewable energy

                             0   0.2     0.4   0.6           0.8       1           1.2          1.4
                                               Tonnes CO2 per MWh
                 Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE)
                CTC will be aiming at a world leading PUE. I.e. better
                                      than 1.6.



        Total Facility
           Power
        Consumptio
              n


                           Total Facility Power
                   PUE =
                           ICT Equipment Power


                                          4500 Mega watts (total Facility Power)
Today‟s Data Centres       PUE = 3 =
have PUEs between 3                       1500 Mega watts (ICT Equipment Power)
      and 3.5
                                Data Centre Power Usage
                        Using combined cycle gas generation and reducing the Power
                       Usage Effectiveness (PUE) from 3.0 to 1.6 significantly improves
                                         the environmental impact

 Today’s Data Centres                  Total Facility Power         CTC will be aiming at a
 have PUEs between 3           PUE =                                world leading PUE. I.e.
       and 3.5                         ICT Equipment Power             better than 1.6.


1000 m2 Data Centre                     PUE of 3.0            Canberra Technology City
                                                                    PUE of 1.6
Watts per m2                               1500                        1500
                                                                                     $1,5M
Mega-watts                                  4.5                         2.4        Power Cost
Giga-watts hours                           39.5                         21           Saving
Cost of electricity                       $3.95M                      $2.52M
Annual tonnes of CO2                      39,000                      14,900
                                                                                     25,100
Mega litres of water used to                99                          18         tonnes less
produce Power                                                                         CO2
Equivalent household                        592                         300         emissions
consumption
          Cost differential over time.




Over 20 years a 1.6 PUE Data Centre will use $45M
less power than a Data Centre rated at 3.0
                    Benefits for Canberra, the Environment
                           and Potential Customers

 For Canberra                               For Potential DC Customers
     Essential Power Supply                       Tier 4+ data centres
     Reduced Green House Gas                      Superior power infrastructure
     emissions                                    Long term power purchase price
     Multimillion dollar economic                 Lower power cost due to world
     growth                                       leading energy saving technologies
     Expanded skills base through                 Next generation data centres able to
     specialised training in data centres         cope with future power, air
     management at the local                      conditioning and weight loads
     Universities                                 Elimination of large parts of auxiliary
     Increased reputation for world class         power infrastructure
     facilities                                   No requirement for on-site fuel
                                                  storage
                                                  Reduced environmental impact –
                                                  emissions and e-waste
                                                  Reduced operational costs – security
                                                  and site maintenance
So .... It is time
           Please visit
www.canberratechnologycity.com.au
      For more information
                Contact Details


Carsten Larsen
CIO & General Manager Commercial Development
ActewAGL and TransACT
Telephone: 02 6248 3894
Facsimile: 02 6248 3451
Mobile: 0414 515 442
GPO Box 366 Canberra ACT 2601
www.actewagl.com.au       - www.transact.com.au

				
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