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					                                    Declarative and interrogative falls in Trevigiano
                                                            Elinor Payne University of Cambridge:
                Trevigano                              Statements: allomorphism?                                                                                                           Intransitive Statements

 Italo-Romance dialect spoken in                            SVO transitives (el ga magnà                              VS (Xe arivà Mario) H+L*L% SV (Mario xe arivà): H+L*(H) H%
Treviso (NE Italy). Reported ‘sing-                         un pomo)                                                         H% can’t be due simply to truncation, as there’d be final rise (+ fall) in VS
songy’ intonation (Canepari, 1980)                     Mix of fall-rise-falls (HLHL) and                              NA/ CON: (SVLOC) H+L*L% H+L*HL% CONF: (SV) H+L*L% H+L* (H)H%
Like many northern Italian dialects,                   falls (HLL). Stressed syllable
has clitic subject pronouns, e.g. el ga                 appears to be aligned with first L                                                                                                     Interrogatives
magnà (he has eaten);                                  Possible unifying interpretation:                              WH question words (cosa diseo/ cosa gao magnà /dove xeo andà) L*+H
clitic-verb inversion in questions, e.g.               H+L* (H) L%
                                                                                                                         BR + NA: H+L*(H) H% H+L*L%                                                                                               400
gao magnà? - has he eaten?                                     Phrase Accent H not always
                                                                realised / present?                                    Polar (andà a Verona?/gao magnà un pero?)                                                                                  300

             Purpose of study                                                                                                                                                                                                                      200

                                                               Or possibly a choice of Phrase                           BR: H+L*(H)H%
 establish inventory of nuclear pitch                                                                                                                                                                                                             100

 accents and other tonal phenomena                              Accent (L or H)                                          NA: H+L*(H)H% H+L*L%                                                               L+H*H%                                 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               =L    H*    H+L*         H+L*         H    H=

 explore interaction of morphosyntax                  Same variants for BR, NA, CON                                    CON: H+L*(H)H% H+L*HL% L+H*LL%                                                                                                            zeo   n *DA*   ve         *RO   na?

 + intonation in signalling phrase type                 (though H nearly always there for                                                                                         250                                                                   0                                                      1.71887
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Time (s)
                                                        CON). Difference pre-nuclear?                                                                                             200


                                  300                                                                                                                                             100

        Material                                                                                                                                                                  50

                                  200                                                                                                                                              0

Subjects:                                                                                              300                                                                                   =L         H                  H+L*     H        L=

                                  100                                                                                                                                                              zeo   n   *DA*     ve      *RO*       na

 4 dialectophones (3F,                                                                                 200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                T ime (s)

 1M)                                       =L    H*    H+L*       H      H+L*        H   =L             100
                                                                                                                                                                                             Summary and thoughts for further investigation
Read written dialogues:                    el    ga   ma     *GNA* un        *PO*       mo
                                                                                                                                                                                            Nuclear Pitch Accent H+L* in statements +
                                       0                                                      1.28375             =L     L      H               H+L*           H   =H
                                                                                                                                                                                            questions for different focus types
 intrans. (SV and VS) vs
                                                                  T ime (s)

                                                                                                                 el     ga     za        ma            *GNA*

 trans. (SV(O))                                                                                              0                                                          1.08005               (Optional) Phrase Accent H + choice of L/H% >
                                                                                                                                    T ime (s)
                                        SV transitives (el ga xa magnà)                                                                                                                       variation (falls, fall-rises, fall-rise-falls (similar to
 Statements vs questions
                                fall-rises: H+L* (H) H% (sharper rise w/ H)                                                                                                                  ‘rise-plateau-slumps’, Cruttenden, 1986)).
 (polar vs WH)
                                Possible explanation for difference from SVO: Truncation of final L due to                                                                                 So how is phrase/focus type signalled?
 focus: broad BR;
 narrow NA; contrastive          Pitch Accent coinciding with boundary. (SV intransitives also often end in H%)                                                                               variation in pre-nuclear tonal pattern?
 CON; confirming CONF            BUT doesn’t explain sharp vs gentle rises, AND would expect falls too                                                                                       morphosyntactic means alone (clitic inversion)?

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