Declarative and interrogative falls in Trevigiano Elinor Payne University of Cambridge: firstname.lastname@example.org Trevigano Statements: allomorphism? Intransitive Statements Italo-Romance dialect spoken in SVO transitives (el ga magnà VS (Xe arivà Mario) H+L*L% SV (Mario xe arivà): H+L*(H) H% Treviso (NE Italy). Reported ‘sing- un pomo) H% can’t be due simply to truncation, as there’d be final rise (+ fall) in VS songy’ intonation (Canepari, 1980) Mix of fall-rise-falls (HLHL) and NA/ CON: (SVLOC) H+L*L% H+L*HL% CONF: (SV) H+L*L% H+L* (H)H% Like many northern Italian dialects, falls (HLL). Stressed syllable has clitic subject pronouns, e.g. el ga appears to be aligned with first L Interrogatives magnà (he has eaten); Possible unifying interpretation: WH question words (cosa diseo/ cosa gao magnà /dove xeo andà) L*+H clitic-verb inversion in questions, e.g. H+L* (H) L% BR + NA: H+L*(H) H% H+L*L% 400 gao magnà? - has he eaten? Phrase Accent H not always realised / present? Polar (andà a Verona?/gao magnà un pero?) 300 Purpose of study 200 Or possibly a choice of Phrase BR: H+L*(H)H% establish inventory of nuclear pitch 100 accents and other tonal phenomena Accent (L or H) NA: H+L*(H)H% H+L*L% L+H*H% 0 =L H* H+L* H+L* H H= explore interaction of morphosyntax Same variants for BR, NA, CON CON: H+L*(H)H% H+L*HL% L+H*LL% zeo n *DA* ve *RO na? + intonation in signalling phrase type (though H nearly always there for 250 0 1.71887 Time (s) CON). Difference pre-nuclear? 200 150 300 100 Material 50 200 0 Subjects: 300 =L H H+L* H L= 100 zeo n *DA* ve *RO* na 4 dialectophones (3F, 200 0 T ime (s) 1.41237 0 1M) =L H* H+L* H H+L* H =L 100 Summary and thoughts for further investigation Read written dialogues: el ga ma *GNA* un *PO* mo 0 Nuclear Pitch Accent H+L* in statements + 0 1.28375 =L L H H+L* H =H questions for different focus types intrans. (SV and VS) vs T ime (s) el ga za ma *GNA* trans. (SV(O)) 0 1.08005 (Optional) Phrase Accent H + choice of L/H% > T ime (s) SV transitives (el ga xa magnà) variation (falls, fall-rises, fall-rise-falls (similar to Statements vs questions fall-rises: H+L* (H) H% (sharper rise w/ H) ‘rise-plateau-slumps’, Cruttenden, 1986)). (polar vs WH) Possible explanation for difference from SVO: Truncation of final L due to So how is phrase/focus type signalled? focus: broad BR; narrow NA; contrastive Pitch Accent coinciding with boundary. (SV intransitives also often end in H%) variation in pre-nuclear tonal pattern? CON; confirming CONF BUT doesn’t explain sharp vs gentle rises, AND would expect falls too morphosyntactic means alone (clitic inversion)?