Table 5e. Women's wages relative to men's
Last update: June 2009
Women's wages in manufacturing as a percentage of men's wages
Country or area Year % Source
Andorra 2007 71 ARRS
Armenia 2006 70 LRES
Australia 2006 d,j 90 LRES
Austria 2003 62 IR
Azerbaijan 2007 60 LREC
Bahrain 2007 a,s 69 IR
Belgium 2006 d,l 88 LRES
Bermuda 2006 92 LREC
Botswana 2006 66 LRES
Brazil 2002 61 AR
Bulgaria 2005 n 77 LREC
China, Hong Kong SAR 2007 a,m,v 63 LFS
China, Macao SAR 2007 64 LRES
Colombia 2007 o 60 LFS
Costa Rica 2007 d,p 70 LFS
Croatia 2006 q 76 LRES
Cyprus 2006 d,r 65 LRES
Czech Republic 2005 h,y 65 LRES
Denmark 2006 d,s,t 87 LREC
Egypt 2006 b,h,k 76 LREC
El Salvador 2006 64 LFS
Finland 2006 l,dd 84 LRES
France 2005 d,mm 82 ARRS
French Polynesia 2003 87 AR
Georgia 2005 61 LREC
Germany 2007 d 76 LRES
Gibraltar 2007 c,h,u 81 LREC
Greece 1998 a,d,h,k 82 LRES
Hungary 2006 w 77 LRES
Iceland 2007 nn 71 LRES
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2002 90 LRES
Ireland 2006 b,h,k,kk 72 LRES
Isle of Man 2007 b 62 LRES
Japan 2007 hh 60 LRES
Jordan 2005 61 LRES
Kazakhstan 2004 70 LREC
Latvia 2007 77 LRES
Lithuania 2007 d,cc 71 LRES
Luxembourg 2007 h,d 73 LREC
Madagascar 2005 d 85 HS
Malta 2007 d,ll 85 LFS
Mexico 2007 gg 70 LFS
Mongolia 2005 77 LRES
Myanmar 2005 a,g,ii 89 LRES
Nepal 1999 oo 45 LFS
Netherlands 2005 l,bb 83 LRES
New Zealand 2006 d,z 82 LRES
Norway 2007 l,ff 89 LRES
Occupied Palestinian Territory 2007 c,ee 53 LFS
Panama 2006 d,m,ll 95 LFS
Paraguay 2007 86 LFS
Philippines 2007 f 91 LFS
Portugal 2007 68 LRES
Qatar 2006 e 112 LFS
Republic of Korea 2007 r,k 57 LRES
Romania 2006 74 LRES
Saint Helena 2002 72 TR
Saint Lucia 2003 d,h 71 LRES
Singapore 2007 65 IR
Sri Lanka 2007 a,c,h 94 LRES
Sweden 2007 d,h,s,aa 90 LRES
Switzerland 2006 jj 77 LRES
Thailand 2003 e 75 LFS
Ukraine 2007 71 LREC
United Kingdom 2007 b,l,pp 75 LRES
a Data refers to activities classified under major division 3: Manufacturing, as defined in the 1968 International
Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (ISIC-Rev. 2, 1968).
b Refers to earnings per week.
c Refers to earnings per day.
d Refers to earnings per hour.
e Refers to wage rates per month.
f Refers to wage rates per day.
g Refers to wage rates per hour.
h Worker coverage: Wage earners.
i Worker coverage: Salaried employees.
j Worker coverage: Full-time adult non-managerial employees.
k Establishments with 10 or more persons employed.
l Worker coverage: Full-time employees.
n Worker coverage: Employees under labour contract.
o Excludes armed forces. Persons aged 10 years and over.
p Refers to main occupation.
q Excludes employees in craft and trade.
r Including family allowances and the value of payments in kind. Refers to establishments with 10 or more
s Private sector.
t Excluding young people aged less than 18 years and trainees.
u Excluding part-time workers and juveniles.
v Including outworkers.
w Refers to enterprises with 5 or more employees.
x Refers to adult employees. Excluding irregular bonuses and the value of payments in kind.
y Enterprises with 20 or more employees.
Establishments with the equivalent of more than 0.5 full-time paid employees. Full-time equivalent employees.
aa Excl. holidays, sick-leave and overtime payments.
bb Excluding overtime payments. Full time employees only.
cc Excl. individual unincorporated enterprises. All employees converted into full-time units.
dd Excl. seasonal and end-of-year bonuses.
ee Net earnings.
ff Only remuneration in cash; excl. overtime payments.
gg Persons aged 14 years and over.
hh Private sector; establishments with 10 or more regular employees. Regular scheduled cash earnings.
ii Regular employees.
jj Standardised monthly earnings
kk Wage-earners on adult rates of pay.
ll Total employment.
mm Including managerial staff and intermediary occupations.
nn Full time adult employees.
oo Main occupation. Fluctuation in wages due to small sample size.
pp Including overtime payments.
ARRS Administrative records and related sources.
AR Administrative reports.
HS Household survey.
IR Insurance records.
LFS Labour force survey.
TR Tax records.
LREC Labour-related establishment census.
LRES Labour-related establishment survey.