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									                                                                                                                   WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                                3/7/2011




No.   Family Name   First Name              E-mail           Institute            Fax       Authors                  Title           Abstract                                                      Prefere Oral/Poster Session     Topic
001      JING          Lan       jing@impcas.ac.cn           Institute of    +86-931-496-   Qiao Weimin, Jing        Design of       We have set up our new Central Control Room for our HIRFL-CSR nce
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Oral    O           11A1-1      Central Control
                                                             Modern              9351       Lan, Ma Yunhai           Central Control Facility.The consideration about the layout and operation is                                  Room of
                                                             Physics,                                                Room of         discussed in this paper. It include following sectons:                                        HIRFL-CSR
                                                             Chinese                                                 HIRFL-CSR                         1. Function Partitions
                                                             Academy of                                                                                   2. Operation and Display
                                                             Sciences                                                                                         3. Ergonomics Consideration
002     NOONE         Tom        t.noone@rl.ac.uk            CLRC              (44) 1235    Tom Noone                Radiation       One of the issues that face all high energy beam accelerators is        Oral     O   11P1-3   Radiation
                                                             Rutherford         445701                               Safety          that of active component replacement. This can arise through                                  safety issues
                                                             Appleton                                                pertaining to   failure of components, the need to carry out maintenance or                                   associated
                                                             Laboratory                                              active          upgrading of systems to increase output efficiency. During the                                with operating
                                                                                                                     component       year 2001/2 RAL undertook a major upgrade on the most active                                  and
                                                                                                                     replacement.    area of the ISIS accelerator ring, "straight 1". This section of the                          maintaining
                                                                                                                                     ISIS accelerator contains a collector system for containing lost                              intense beam
                                                                                                                                     beam during injection and the beam extraction components. The                                 accelerators
                                                                                                                                     case for carrying out this work was driven by several aspects of
                                                                                                                                     machine operation: component failure, lack of purpose built
                                                                                                                                     shielding, high downstream activity levels, original design
                                                                                                                                     restrictions causing beam clipping and the need for re-designing
                                                                                                                                     several components to meet the needs of future intensity
003   AGEMATSU       Takashi     agematsu@taka.jaeri.go.jp   Japan Atomic    027-346-9690   T. Agematsu, K.          An Operator     Cyclotron start-up operations require dozens of adjustable              Poster   P   10P2-1   Software or
                                                             Energy                         Arakawa, S.              Assistance      parameters to be tuned to maximize extracted beam current.                                    Tools or ?
                                                             Research                       Okumura, Y.              System for      Experienced operators perform this process through trial and error
                                                             Institute                      Nakamura and S.          Beam            using their experience and intuition. However, the process is
                                                                                            Tajima                   Adjustment of   difficult for inexperienced operators because operator need to
                                                                                                                     a JAERI AVF     adjust parameters using little information such as measured beam
                                                                                                                     Cyclotron       data, alarm, status of components, and so on. We have
                                                                                                                                     developed a computer-based visual assistance system for JAERI
                                                                                                                                     AVF cyclotron. The system provides a CRT display: the cyclotron
                                                                                                                                     beam trajectories, feasible setting regions, search traces and the
                                                                                                                                     beam envelopes for external beam transport designed to optimize
                                                                                                                                     beam parameter adjustment. The evaluation experiment for the
                                                                                                                                     system was carried out and the operation time to reach required
                                                                                                                                     beam conditions of the injection region of the cyclotron was
                                                                                                                                     reduced by approximately 65%. Also the system is very useful to
004    KRAUSE       Shannon      krause@mit.edu              MIT Bates      +1-617-253-9599 Shannon Krause, MIT Automation of        This presentation will focus on the Automation of tasks performed       Oral     O   14A1-1   Automation
                                                             Linear                         Bates Linear             Accelerator     by Accelerator Operations. This includes the types, requirements,
                                                             Accelerator                    Accelerator Center       Operations      and process of automation as well as the pros and cons. Various
                                                             Center                                                                  examples of automation will be presented from both the Bates and
                                                                                                                                     Jefferson Laboratories. The talk will conlude with a discussion of
                                                                                                                                     the Bates Automated Ring Fill software which will completely
                                                                                                                                     automate the standard beam delivery process for both Operations
                                                                                                                                     and the Experimenters.
005     ITANO        Akifumi     a.itano@shingu.hyogo.jp     Hyogo Ion       0791-58-2600   Akifumi ITANO,           Operation of    PATRO (Particle Accelerator for Therapy, Radiology and                  Poster   P   10P2-2   Medical
                                                             Beam Medical                   Takashi AKAGI, Akio      Medical         Oncology) is a medical accelerator facility for hadrontherapy                                 Accelerator
                                                             Center                         HIGASHI, HIBMC,          Accelerator     (Particle therapy of cancer) at Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center
                                                                                            Syuuzo FUKUSHIMA,        PATRO at        (HIBMC). It consists of two 10 GHz ECR ion sources, 1 MeV/u
                                                                                            Atsushi FUJITA,     Hyogo Ion            RFQ linac, 5 MeV/u Alvarez linac, synchrotron, high-energy beam
                                                                                            Mitsubishi Electric Beam Medical         transport system and patient irradiation system. Beam particles for
                                                                                            Corp., Yasuo HONDA, Center               therapy are proton (230 MeV) and carbon (320 MeV/u). We
                                                                                            Hidenori ISA, Kazuto                     started the beam commissioning and the tuning of irradiation
                                                                                            NISHIKIGOURI,                            system in 2000. We performed the clinical trials (60 patients) with
                                                                                            Accelerator                              proton and carbon beams from May 2001 until July 2002. We
                                                                                            Engineering Corp.                        operated the accelerator for about 11,000 hours since the
                                                                                                                                     beginning of the beam tuning until the end of the clinical trials and
                                                                                                                                     for about 5,000 hours during the clinical trials. No serious troubles
                                                                                                                                     happened during the clinical trials. The stability and the




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                                                                                                                     WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                             3/7/2011




 *    FITZGERALD     Dan              fitzg@lanl.gov         Los Alamos       +1-505-665-2509 M.J. Borden, D.H.        Minimization of The Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring (PSR) was designed to                Oral   C            Radiation
                                                             National                         Fitzgerald, R.J.         Beam Losses operate with a hands-on maintenance program. Thus, PSR                                          Safety
                                                             Laboratory                       Macek, and M.A.          and Operating   operation has been loss-limited since the beginning of operation in
                                                                                              Plum, Los Alamos         Experience at   1985. The desire for increased beam intensities in the ring has
                                                                                              National Laboratory      PSR             driven a program of loss reduction and minimization of worker
                                                                                                                                       exposure to ionizing radiation from activated components. We will
                                                                                                                                       present the three main thrusts of this program and discuss results.
                                                                                                                                        An important facet of the program has been the effort to identify
                                                                                                                                       the sources of beam loss and to make quantitative measurements
                                                                                                                                       of both beam loss and the resulting activation of components.
                                                                                                                                       Secondly, we will discuss loss-reduction measures taken over the
                                                                                                                                       past 17 years, with an emphasis on the upgrade to direct H-
                                                                                                                                       injection. Finally, we will present highlights of exposure-
                                                                                                                                       minimization efforts, including improvements in equipment
007   KARANTZOULI   Emanuel   karantzoulis@elettra.trieste.it Sincrotrone      +39-040-375-   Emanuel Karantzoulis     Synchrotron     Availability and reliability is a big issue of great importance for     Oral   O   10P1-1   10P1
          S                                                  Trieste -             8565                                light sources   synchrotron light source with 600 - 6000 users per year for about
                                                             ELETTRA                                                   reliability     5000 hours of machine time for user experiments. Definitions are
                                                                                                                                       presented discussed and analysis of the reliabilities of some
                                                                                                                                       machines is shown. Conclusions are drawn as to what
                                                                                                                                       components contribute most to the down time and what is to be
                                                                                                                                       done.
008     JONES        Rita          RCJones@LBL.gov           Advanced         +1-510-486-4102 Rita Jones, Advanced     Catching It     The ALS Procedure Center creates the operational procedures for Poster         P   10P2-3   Maintenance
                                                             Light Source,                    Light Source             Before It       the facility. ALS staff can access the preventive maintenance
                                                             Lawrence                         Procedure Center,        Breaks          (PM) procedures, checklists, and test schedules on the Procedure
                                                             Berkeley                         Lawrence Berkeley        ・・PM           Center web site. On maintenance days, occurring every other
                                                             National                         National Laboratory,     Program at the week, these documents are used to carry out maintenance tasks
                                                             Laboratory                       Berkeley, California     ALS             on unique (one-of-a-kind) equipment and critical systems to
                                                                                                                                       prevent lost beam time. PM chores on a typical maintenance day
                                                                                                                                       will be presented, highlighting examples of procedures and
009   RICHARDSON     David        dbrichardson@lbl.gov       Lawrence         +1-510-486-4102 Alan Biocca, David       Upgrading to    checklists used on the different systems and Log roles and of a
                                                                                                                                       The use of an online (electronic) Operations the (in place              Oral   O   14A1-6   Upgrading to
                                                             Berkeley                         Richardson, LBNL         an Online       hardcopy log) and the use of an online Message Board (for                                   an Online
                                                             National                                                  Operations      Operators and Controls Personnel) can improve communications                                Operations
                                                             Laboratory                                                Log &           considerably. This presentation is designed to review the                                   Log &
                                                                                                                       Message Board advantages of these two tools. Designing an online Operations                                 Message Board
                                                                                                                                     Log that is user-friendly and that meets an accelerator's legal and
                                                                                                                                       practical requirements is quite a challenge. Permanent storage of
                                                                                                                                       entries, irreversability, searchability, remote accessibility are
                                                                                                                                       among the important criteria for a successful online Operations
                                                                                                                                       Log. Creating an online Message Board for ideas, suggestions,
                                                                                                                                       and resources can also improve the interaction of an Operations
                                                                                                                                       Group. The software involved in developing both these tools is
                                                                                                                                       not especially complex, and the improvement in reliability and
010      IIMA       Masashi          iima@nifs.ac.jp         National          0572-58-2614   M. Iima, H. Yonezu,      Management      Large Helical Device (LHD) is worth the super
                                                                                                                                       efficiency of operations is well the largesteffort. conducting plasma Poster   P   10P2-4   Operation
                                                             Institute for                    H. Hayashi, S.           and Operation   confinement device in the world. The plasma volume is 30m3, and                             Large SC-coils
                                                             Fusion Science                   Moriuchi, K. Yasui,    method at LHD the volume of the cryostat is 800m3. The operation period is one
                                                                                              T.kondo, N. Suzuki, K.               period in a year. It started the vacuum pumping of the cryostat
                                                                                              Ooba, A. Sekiguchi,                      and plasma vacuum vessel. The coil cooling down takes about 25
                                                                                              K. Okada, I.Ohtake,                      days. The experimental period is about 5 month, and One month
                                                                                              Operator groupe,                         for warm up of the coils. This presentation will introduce the
                                                                                              Device Operation                         management of LHD and our operation experiences in these five
011    ERIKSSON     Tommy       tommy.eriksson@cern.ch       CERN             +41-22-767-9145 T. Eriksson              Beam quality    The CERN Antiproton Decelerator (AD) has now reached a stable           Oral   O   14A1-2   Tools
                                                                                                                       monitoring at   mode of operation, regularly delivering batches of 100 MeV/c
                                                                                                                       the CERN        antiprotons to the ATRAP, ATHENA and ASACUSA
                                                                                                                       Antiproton      collaborations. Experience during the commissioning and initial
                                                                                                                       Decelerator     physics runs revealed difficulties in achieving design goals and
                                                                                                                       (AD)            maintaining stable performance levels. This paper will deal with
                                                                                                                                       the specific difficulties in monitoring and improving beam quality in
                                                                                                                                       a slow cycling machine operating with low beam intesities of a few




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                                                                                                         WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                            3/7/2011




012   OHSHIMA     Takashi   ohshima@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8         0791-58-0850   T. Ohshima               Trial lectures    In case of SPring-8, accelerator operators are working in three      Oral     O   12A2-2   Training
                                                                                                             for accelerator   shifts of eight hours. They are making the scheduled beam
                                                                                                             operators in      injection to storage ring, routine measurement of operation
                                                                                                             SPring-8          parameters such as COD, betatron tune, bunch current of stored
                                                                                                                               beam and so on. They are keeping a watch on operational state
                                                                                                                               every time. In case of something wrong, they will take measures to
                                                                                                                               meet the situation. New comer of operator begin to work with an
                                                                                                                               experienced one to learn sequence of beam injection, how to deal
                                                                                                                               with Graphical User Interface and so on. In addition, we organize
                                                                                                                               preliminary lectures on accelerator for operators. Topics done in
                                                                                                                               the lectures are RF system, vacuum system, magnet system,
                                                                                                                               monitors, beam diagnostics, accelerator and beamline control
                                                                                                                               system etc. The contents of the lecture can be seen by web
                                                                                                                               browser again and again. It is useful for operators to understand
013   YAMASHITA   Akihiro     aki@spring8.or.jp     SPring-8         0791-58-0850   Akihiro Yamashita and Using RDBMS          SPring-8 control system depends their work because some
                                                                                                                               the SPring-8 facility and details of on a relational database of     Oral     O   14A1-3   Tools
                                                                                    Toru Ohata, SPring-8     for Accelerator management system (RDBMS) not only for parameter storing but
                                                                                                             Operation       also for logging data archiving, alarm data storing and shift
                                                                                                             Assistance        scheduling. We introduce many tools which assists SPring-8
                                                                                                                               operations like logging data browsing, alarm data checking, shift
                                                                                                                               schedule notification by mail and cellular phone messaging and
                                                                                                                               etc. Those tools were built as clients of the RDBMS. The RDBMS
                                                                                                                               supplied simple and consistent way to construct those tools.
014    TAKAO      Masaru     takao@spring8.or.jp    SPring-8         0791-58-0850   Masaru Takao, SPring- Software             Various software applications have been developed for SPring-8       Oral     O   14A1-7   Tools
                                                                                    8/JASRI                  Applications      accelerator operations. The effectiveness of these software tools
                                                                                                             for SPring-8      is reported.
015     FUKUI      Toru      fukui@spring8.or.jp    SPring-8/JASRI   0791-58-0851   T. Fukui and M.          Accelerator
                                                                                                             A Video           We developed the video monitoring system using web camera for        Oral     O   14A1-8   Video
                                                                                    Kodera, SPring-8         Monitoring        SPring-8 accelerator tunnel. It replaced old system to consist of                          Monitoring
                                                                                                             System for        video cameras and video switchers. The old one was not
                                                                                                             SPring-8          convenient because a video display and location of cameras were
                                                                                                             Accelerator       fixed. The web camera is able to move any location if it could
                                                                                                             Tunnel            connect to a network. Also we can see pictures on any PC and
                                                                                                                               workstation using the web browser.
016   SCHEELER     Uwe        u.scheeler@gsi.de     GSI              +49-6159-71-   Dr. H. Eickhoff and U.   THERAPY           GSI is the heavy ion research center in Germany operating three      Poster   P   10P2-5   How we do
                                                                         2104       Scheeler                 OPERATION         accelerators UNILAC (linac), SIS (synchrotron) and ESR (storage                            Business/
                                                                                                             AT GSI            ring) on the fields of nuclear and atomic physics, plasma physics,                         Remote
                                                                                                                               material research and biophysics. Approximately a quarter of the                           operation
                                                                                                                               6000h of the SIS operation time per year is used for cancer
                                                                                                                               treatment with carbon ions at 255 different energies employing a
                                                                                                                               novel raster scan method. About 150 people suffering from tumors
                                                                                                                               mostly in the head region have been treated since the end of
                                                                                                                               1997. The applied scanning technique allows the direct irradiation
                                                                                                                               of any shaped tumors and prevents the healthy tissue from
                                                                                                                               irradiation damage. This procedure is connected to special
                                                                                                                               demands concerning beam energy, beam position, focusing and
                                                                                                                               intensity. The annual beam time consists of 3 beam periods with
                                                                                                                               a length of 27 days. Five days are reserved for commissioning and
                                                                                                                               tuning, 22 days for patient treatment. The integral request of the
                                                                                                                               daily beam time for therapy is only about 50%. The rest of the
                                                                                                                               operation time is used mostly in block mode to carry out physics
                                                                                                                               experiments. Based on the requirements by the therapy
                                                                                                                               operation the special technical and organizational measures for a




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017   RICHTER    Simone        S.Richter@gsi.de      GSI            +49-6159-71-   S. Richter, W. Barth,     Improving       The GSI accelerator facility consists of the Universal Linear                   O   14A1-4
                                                                        2987       B. Franczak,              Beam Set-Up     Accelerator (UNILAC), the heavy ion synchrotron SIS and the
                                                                                   U.Scheeler, D. Wilms      using an        Experimental Storage Ring (ESR). Two UNILAC injectors serve
                                                                                                             Online Beam     diverse purposes. The High Current Injector (HSI) provides high
                                                                                                             Optics Tool     intense but short pulses, whereas the High Charge State Injector
                                                                                                                             (HLI) supplies long pulses with a high duty factor of up to 30 %.
                                                                                                                             Before entering the Alvarez section of the UNILAC the ion beam
                                                                                                                             from the HSI is stripped in a supersonic gas jet. Up to three
                                                                                                                             different ion species can be accelerated for up to five experiments
                                                                                                                             in a time-sharing mode. Frequent changes of beam energy and
                                                                                                                             intensity during a single beam time period may result in time
                                                                                                                             consuming set-up and tuning especially of the beam-transport-
                                                                                                                             lines. To shorten these changeover times an online optics tool
                                                                                                                             (MIRKO EXPERT) has been developed. This software tool is used
                                                                                                                             in the high energy as well in the low and medium energy beam
                                                                                                                             transport lines. Based on online emittan! ce measurements at well
                                                                                                                             defined locations the beam envelopes are calculated by reading
                                                                                                                             the actual magnet settings. The visualization of the beam
                                                                                                                             envelopes helps to better understand the beam dynamics. Results
                                                                                                                             of fitting procedures can be directly sent to the magnet power
                                                                                                                             supplies. The program is able to read profile grid measurements,
                                                                                                                             so that an automated beam alignment is established and steering
                                                                                                                             times are minimized. Experiences with this tool will be reported. At
                                                                                                                             the UNILAC special focus is put on high current operation with
                                                                                                                             short but intense beam pulses. Limitations such as missing
018   HAMAMOTO   Donna       djhamamoto@lbl.gov      ALS / LBNL    +1-510-486-4102 Hamamoto, Donna           Poster          The Beamline Coordination group works in conjunction with the          Poster   P   10P2-6   How we do
                                                                                                             Abstract: How   Acceleration Operations group to meet the varied needs of                                    Business /
                                                                                                             we do           experimenters and ensures safety on the Advanced Light Source                                Safety
                                                                                                             business,       experimental floor. Accelerator Operators perform some of the
                                                                                                             Safety          duties of Beamline Coordinators on evening and owl shifts. The
                                                                                                                             history of Beamline Coordinators is interesting because
                                                                                                                             Accelerator Operators originally performed these duties and then
                                                                                                                             a separate group was formed with Operators taking over on off
                                                                                                                             shifts. Each experiment that runs at the ALS is reviewed by safety
                                                                                                                             inspectors who cover mechanical, electrical, vacuum, radiation
                                                                                                                             and Environmental Health and Safety issues. Beamline
                                                                                                                             Coordinators arrange and assist in these inspections. Beamline
                                                                                                                             Coordination and Accelerator Operations provide a wide variety of
                                                                                                                             services to the ALS experimenters and Beamline Scientists.
                                                                                                                             Some of the calls include:   x requests for beamline keyenables
                                                                                                                              x requests to valves, photon stops and personnel safety shutters
                                                                                                                              x requests to trouble shoot problems with the opening of valves
                                                                                                                             and shutters,     x requests for chemicals and gases x questions
019    GOTO      Kiminori   goto@hiroshima-u.ac.jp   Hiroshima      0824-24-6294   Kiminori Goto             Maintenance     on how is adispose of hazardous waste   x questions about
                                                                                                                             HiSOR to synchrotron light source constructed at Hiroshima             Poster   P   10P2-7   Maintenance
                                                     Synchrotron                                             and             Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University in FY1996.
                                                     Radiation                                               improvement     After some improvement, upgrade and tuning, the storage current
                                                     Center,                                                 of the          of the HiSOR was up to 200mA in May 2000. As the stored current
                                                     Hiroshima                                               Synchrotron     increased more and vacuum degree was better by repeating
                                                     University                                              Radiation    degassing operation, the beam instability problem at injection and
                                                                                                             Source HiSOR at acceleration was severer. At present, changing the operation
                                                                                                                          point at injection and updating the tracking pattern at acceleration
                                                                                                                             from 150MeV to 700MeV is only a way to suppress the beam
                                                                                                                             instability of the HiSOR. In near future, we will get approval from
                                                                                                                             the radiation protection authority for the operation with 350mA.
                                                                                                                             Then we are getting ready for upgrade of the HiSOR in order to




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020   INGRASSIA     Peter          ingrassia@bnl.gov        BNL           +1-631-344-5676 P. F. Ingrassia,          Maintaining     The Accelerator Safety Envelope (ASE) defines boundaries for          Oral     O   11P2-1   Radaiation
                                                                                          Collider Accelerator      the Accelerator accelerator operation that may not be exceeded. Examples of                                 Safety
                                                                                           Department,              Safety          parameters that are limited by the ASE include beam intensity and
                                                                                           Accelerator Division     Envelope        particle loss, the radiation safety access control system, the fire
                                                                                                                                    protection system, and control room staffing. This talk will focus
                                                                                                                                    on BLAM, the Beam Loss Accounting Manager, a novel approach
                                                                                                                                    that is used to monitor beam loss at RHIC, the Relativistic Heavy
021   NAKAMURA     Yoshiteru    nakamura@taka.jaeri.go.jp   JAERI          027-346-9690    Y. Nakamura, T. Nara, Operation and      Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application          Oral     O   10A2-1   Flat-top
                                                                                           T. Agematsu, I.          Maintenance   (TIARA) facility at JAERI Takasaki was constructed to promote the                             acceleration
                                                                                           Ishibori, S.             for JAERI AVF various researches of wide field for materials science and                                    system
                                                                                           Kurashima, M.            Cyclotron       biotechnology. The AVF cyclotron system, which is the one of
                                                                                           Fukuda, S. Okumura,      System          four ion accelerators in TIARA, has been smoothly operated
                                                                                           K. Arakawa, N.                           without any serious troubles since the first beam extraction in
                                                                                           Miyawaki, K. Yoshida,                    March 1991. The operation time for a year is about 3200 hours on
                                                                                           and S. Tajima                            an average through recent 8 years. In especially, the cyclotron
                                                                                                                                    system is needed the frequent alteration of operation condition
                                                                                                                                    according to many kinds of ion species required from the
                                                                                                                                    experimenters. On the other hand, because of the improvement
                                                                                                                                    of the beam quality, intensity and reliability, we have carried out
                                                                                                                                    continuously so far many reconstruction and development, several
                                                                                                                                    items of which are the renewal of a computer control system,
                                                                                                                                    reinforcement of the ion source, acceleration technique for some
                                                                                                                                    series of cocktail beams, stabilization of the cyclotron beam and
                                                                                                                                    design of a new gradient corrector including an active coil.
                                                                                                                                    Furthermore, now we are advancing various countermeasure to
                                                                                                                                    form the micro beam of 1 micron-meter size by means of focused
022    LONGCOY       Larry          llongcoy@mit.edu        MIT Bates                      Larry Longcoy, MIT       Bates History   Batessuch as the introduction of a flat-top acceleration system,
                                                                                                                                    type, History of Operations                                           Poster   P   10P2-8   Bates History
                                                            Linear                                                  of Operations                                                                                               of Operations
                                                            Accelerator
023     YOSHII      Kenzi          kenzi@post.kek.jp        Mitsubishi                     K. Yoshii, Y. Satoh, T. THE              The main tasks of the operators at KEKB accelerator are safety        Poster   P   10P2-9   Tools for
                                                            Electric                       Kitabayashi, H. Iida,   OPERATOR-        management, beam tuning and operation logging. In KEKB                                      accelerator
                                                            System &                       S. Fuke, M. Tanaka,      DEVELOPED       facility, the accelerator scientists have been exploring and                                operation
                                                            service                        T. Kawasumi, T.          USEFUL          developing new beam tuning methods to realize high luminosity.
                                                            Engineering                    Aoyama, S.               TOOLS AT   To master these new methods quickly and correctly, the operators
                                                            Co. Ltd.                       Shimomura, K.            KEKB       have developed some tools to help themselves by their hands. As
                                                                                           Sugino, T. Nakamura,     ACCELERATO a consequence, the stable and high performance operations have
                                                                                           T. Ohkubo, Mitsubishi    R               realized. In this paper, we list the operator-developed tools and
                                                                                           Electric System &                        report the merits of developing the useful tools by the operators.
                                                                                           Service Engineering
                                                                                           Co. Ltd., and M.
                                                                                           Yoshioka, KEK, High
024   KAMIKUBOTA   Norihiko    Norihiko.Kamikubota@kek.jp KEK              0298-64-7529    Energy Accelerator
                                                                                           N.Kamikubota,            Control         The amount of the control transactions handled by an accelerator      Poster   P   10P2-10 Reliability,
                                                                                           K.Furukawa,              Transactions    control system is a fundamental parameter for long-term                                    Availability and
                                                                                           T.Suwada and             of the KEKB     maintenance of the control system. This article gives the detailed                         Serviceability
                                                                                           M.Satoh, High Energy     Linac during    information on this parameter of the KEK injector-linac during
                                                                                           Accelerator Research     the KEKB        1997-2002. The increase of transactions in recent years is
                                                                                           Organization (KEK)       Commissioning discussed with respect to the KEKB commissioning activities.
 *       BATZ       Mario         Mario.Batz@cern.ch        CERN          +41-22-767-8910 M. Batz - CERN            Task Oriented   Computerised monitoring systems lead to an increasing flood of        Oral     C            Ergonomics,
                                                                                                                    Operator        information that operators need to assess and react on. The                                 H/W, Layout
                                                                                                                    Interfaces at   presentation of system states and alarms strictly oriented to the
                                                                                                                    CERN's          operator's tasks, is crucial for a correct decision-making process
                                                                                                                    Technical       and efficiency of operation. At CERN, the Technical Control Room
                                                                                                                    Control Room    (TCR) in collaboration with the accelerator control rooms is
                                                                                                                                    implementing monitoring applications that assist operators in the
                                                                                                                                    optimisation of accelerator recovery after breakdowns. Studies
                                                                                                                                    are on going to generalise the underlying engineering method and
                                                                                                                                    the resulting monitoring tools to any task in the TCR. This
                                                                                                                                    extension will support the operator in the overall prioritising of
                                                                                                                                    conflicting activities and interests. Aspects such as personal and




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                                                                                                   WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                               3/7/2011




026   CHEN    Yanwei     chenyw@mail.ihep.ac.cn   IHEP, CAS    +86-10-8823-   Chen Yanwei            STATUS OF        BEPC operation made a great progress in the 2001-2002 year.             Poster   P   10P2-11 Operation
                                                                   6190                              BEPC2001-        The total operation time was 6372 hours, in which 2473 hours are
                                                                                                     2002             for high energy physics experiments, 1888 hours for the
                                                                                                     OPERATION        synchrotron radiation application, 837 hours for the injection, 173
                                                                                                                      hours for the breakdown, 402 hours for hardware maintenance
                                                                                                                      and regulation, and 556 hours for the machine studies,
                                                                                                                      respectively. Compared with last year, the total operation time
                                                                                                                      exceeded the operation plan by 348 hours because of the high
                                                                                                                      operation efficiency. 1 operation for high energy physics
                                                                                                                      Operation for the high energy physics account for the 38.8%.
                                                                                                                      while BES operating at the resonance peak of ??(2s)?????(3770),
                                                                                                                      the maximum current achieved 90mA. Due to the effort of
                                                                                                                      operation group, many record such as peak luminary were
                                                                                                                      broken. 14.63 million hadron case was collected compared with
                                                                                                                      the plan which is 14 million. Meanwhile 168 hours was offered to
                                                                                                                      the 10th experiment hall for the BES?? design. 2 operation for
                                                                                                                      synchrotron radiation Accounting for 29.6%, 1888 hours was
                                                                                                                      offered to synchrotron radiation which is the most operation time
                                                                                                                      up to now, in synchrotron mode, the maximum current achieved
                                                                                                                      120-130mA with 20-30 hours lifetime. 293 BSRF experiment
                                                                                                                      tasks is completed. On the whole, beam quality and operation
                                                                                                                      efficiency is satisfied. 3 machine studies Total machine studies
                                                                                                                      time is 556.9 hours in last periods, in order to ensure the operation
                                                                                                                      of BES and synchrotron, less time is used to study the machine.
                                                                                                                      As for the storage ring, the machine studies focused on the
027    YU     Xianming    yuxm@mail.ihep.ac.cn    IHEP, CAS    +86-10-8823-   X. Yu, Y. Chen, X.     Operation and    The Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPC) serving for both          Poster   O   10A1-3   Operation and
                                                                   6190       Wang                   Performance      high energy physics experiments and synchrotron radiation                                     Performance
                                                                                                     of the Beijing   application has been well operated for more than 13 years since                               of BEPC
                                                                                                     Electron         May 1989. After the luminosity upgrade program from 1999, the
                                                                                                     Positron         performance and stability of the operation were much improved in
                                                                                                     Collider         recent years. The peak luminosity of the BEPC has reached
                                                                                                                      5*10^30cm^-2s^-1 at J/psi energy of 1.55GeV and 1*10^31cm^-
                                                                                                                      2s^-1 at psi(2S) energy of 1.84GeV respectively. Over 50 million
                                                                                                                      J/psi events were accumulated in two years from Sept. 1999 and
                                                                                                                      14 million psi(2S) events have been taken in the last run from
                                                                                                                      Sept. 2001 to June 2002. For dedicated synchrotron radiation
                                                                                                                      operation, the maximum beam current is around 120mA with
                                                                                                                      lifetime over 20~30 hours. In addition, two insertion devices as
                                                                                                                      well as new beamlines were installed in the last summer(2002).
                                                                                                                      Besides, experimental studies for the machine development and
                                                                                                               BEPCII R&D are being carried out. Improvement on the machine
                                                                                                               operation system and the database is still under way. It's expected
028   HARDY   Laurent        hardy@esrf.fr        ESRF        +33-4-7688-2054 HARDYLaurent, ESRF ACCELERATO This talk will summarize the topics presented at the Accelerator       Oral                O   10P1-2   accelerator
                                                                                                 R             Reliability Workshop held in Grenoble in February 2002.                                              reliability
                                                                                                 RELIABILITY - Following a pioneering period during which the major concern of
                                                                                                 AVAILABILITY accelerator physicists was to achieve the highest intensity as well
                                                                                                                      as explore the largest range of energy, accelerators quickly
                                                                                                                      became a tool at the service of a wide community. Accelerators
                                                                                                                      started to be used for medical and industrial purposes. Now, a
                                                                                                                      single accelerator can also serve a wide range of Users at the
                                                                                                                      same time (X-rays sources). Reaching a high Mean Time Between
                                                                                                                      Failure as well as high availability became a constraint for such
                                                                                                                      Machines. Various spallation neutron sources are upgraded. The
                                                                                                                      idea of using them for transmutation processes or in the long term,
                                                                                                                      to replace the conventional nuclear reactors, has now been
                                                                                                                      comprehensively studied. Besides pure accelerator physics
                                                                                                                      considerations, it is now agreed that the reliability of these
                                                                                                                      accelerators must be drastically improved with respect to the




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029    DURU       Philippe       duru@esrf.fr       ESRF     +33-4-7688-2054 Ph. Duru, ESRF            MINIMIZING      The ESRF has been in operation for more than 10 years. In                Oral     O   11P1-2   radiation safety
                                                                                                       RADIATION       addition to the day-to-day effort brought to improve the beam
                                                                                                       AND BEAM        availability and the mean time between failures, a particular
                                                                                                       LOSSES AT       attention is paid to fulfil the Radiationprotection regulations and to
                                                                                                       ESRF            understand the physical mechanisms of losses. The role of the
                                                                                                                       Operator regarding the safety issues is of major importance and
                                                                                                                       therefore many tools and procedures have been implemented to
                                                                                                                       give him the possibility to ensure the operation of the accelerators
                                                                                                                       in the safest condition. Monitoring of parameters, diagnostics
                                                                                                                       tools, losses localisation means and beam interlocks have been
                                                                                                                       developed and are operational from the Control Room. Various
                                                                                                                       measures have also been taken to minimise the risk of radiation
                                                                                                                       losses such as injection efficiency improvement, additional
                                                                                                                       shielding on equipment and infrastructure, research and
                                                                                                                       development on vacuum vessel material, pumping means and
                                                                                                                       baking procedure, scheduling of operating modes. Particular
                                                                                                                       procedures to be strictly observed in case of abnormal lifetime
                                                                                                                       drop or vacuum pressure alarms have been created. As a result
030   LUDWIG      Jacque        ludwig@jlab.org     TJNAF    +1-757-269-7049 Jacque H. Ludwig,         Maintenance     Maintenance at Jefferson Lab is largely driven by the experiment         Oral     O   12A1-2   Maintenance
                                                                             Jefferson Lab.            at Jefferson    schedule; two major maintenance and/or upgrade periods are                                     at Jefferson
                                                                                                       Lab             generally scheduled each year. Unscheduled maintenance                                         Lab
                                                                                                                       involves critical repairs which cannot be deferred to a scheduled
                                                                                                                       accelerator down. Scheduled maintenance includes deferred and
                                                                                                                       preventative maintenance as well as planned modifications and
                                                                                                                       upgrades to the accelerator. This talk will focus on JLAB's
031    HOJO       Satoru       s_hojo@nirs.go.jp    NIRS      043-287-6146   S.Hojo, Y. Sakamoto,      Operation and   The NIRS-Chiba isochronous cyclotron has been working in                 Poster   P   10P2-12 Tools for
                                                                             K. Kohno, N.              some            routinely, and providing the stable beams for bio-medical studies                              accelerator
                                                                             Miyahara, T. Honma        improvements    and various kinds of related experiments since 1975. The clinical                              operation
                                                                             and S. Yamada,            at NIRS         trail of eye melanoma has been under continued. Two new beam
                                                                             National Institute of     cyclotron       lines have been constructed in order to carry out the bio-physical
                                                                             Radiological              facility        study, and to produce the long-lived R.I.s for SPECT. Some
                                                                             Sciences, 4-9-1,                          improvements, such as development of control system using “Lab
                                                                             Anagawa, Inage-ku,                        View” for new axial injection line and external beam lines.
                                                                             Chiba 263-5888,
                                                                             JAPAN, T.Okada,
                                                                             K.Komatsu ,
                                                                             H.Yumoto and H.

032    KONDO      Takanori    aec_opeg@nirs.go.jp   AEC      +81-43-251-6623 Ogawa. Accelerator
                                                                             Takanori Kondo,           OPERATIONA HIMAC, Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba, has been used                  Poster   P   10P2-13 How we do
                                                                             Naoki Shinozaki,          L          for cancer therapy, physics and biology experiments since 1994.                                    business
                                                                             Noriyuki Sasaki,          PERFORMAN Accelerator Engineering Corporation, (AEC), has been carrying
                                                                             Tomoaki Takei (AEC), CE OF HIMAC out operation and maintenance of HIMAC under the auspices of
                                                                           *Satoru Yamada,             AND CANCER NIRS. The present status of operational performance,
033   MILIEBARI   Salman     salman@kfshrc.edu.sa   KFSHRC   9661-442-4743 *Eiichi Takada(*NIRS)
                                                                           Salman Miliebari,           THERAPY
                                                                                                       Twenty years    maintenance, and schedule are reported.
                                                                                                                       The Cs-30 cyclotron at KFSH&RC has been running for more than Poster              P   10P2-14 Maintenance
                                                                           Salam Rahma,Ahmed           of CS-30        twenty years for Radiopharmaceuticals production and Neutron
                                                                           Al-Ghaith,Wellem Van        Cyclotron       therapy, we are going to present the history of our operations,
                                                                           Heerden,and Faisal al-      operation,maint maintenance, and developments. We had many challenges due to
                                                                             Rumyan                    enance,and    being away from quick technical support.
                                                                                                       developmennts

034     SATO       Hikaru     hikaru.sato@kek.jp    KEK       0298-64-5591   Hikaru Sato, Noboru       Status of the   More than 25years passed since the KEK 12GeV-PS construction, Oral                O   12A1-3   maintenance
                                                                             Tokuda, Masashi           Maintenance     some of accelerator equipments are highly radiated, especially the                             in the high
                                                                             Shirakata, Susumu         for the KEK     injection and the extraction equipments. In recent years, the                                  radiation area
                                                                             Igarasi                   12GeV-PS        higher intensity beam has been required for such as the long
                                                                                                       main ring and   baseline neutrino oscillation experiment and rare decay
                                                                                                       power supply.   experiments. Then, the circumference of the maintenance work
                                                                                                                       has become severe. Further, almost equipments of main ring and
                                                                                                                       power supply have deteriorated. Status of the Maintenance for the




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035   NINOMIYA   Shiro     ninomiya@rcnp.osaka-u.ac.jp RCNP   +81-6-6879-8899 S. Ninomiya, T. Saito,   Ultra stable      Ultra-precise beams have been successfully accelerated up to 392 Poster           P   10P2-15 Accelerator
                                                                              H. Tamura and K.         magnetic field    MeV in the RCNP cyclotron complex. It is found that stability of a                            system
                                                                               Sato, Research          of the RCNP       magnetic field is essential. The temperature of an iron core have                              operation
                                                                               Center for Nuclear      cyclotron         been stabilized by controlling the temperature of the cooling water
                                                                               Physics(RCNP),          complex for       for coils. Now we can keep the constant magnetic field within the
                                                                               Osaka Univ.             high resolution   order of 10-6 and ultra-precise beams are kept for a long time
                                                                                                       beam operation without any tuning of cyclotron parameters.
036   IMASEKI    Hitoshi        h_ima@nirs.go.,jp    NIRS     +81-43-253-5597 Hitoshi Imaseki,         Beam           The scanning microbeam PIXE (Particle Induced X-ray Emission)               Poster   P   10P2-16 The scanning
                                                                               Masae Yukawa,           alignment of      analysis allows identifying the several surface elements and taking                            microbeam
                                                                               Takahiro Ishikawa,      scanning          the high-resolution elemental maps of the specimen at a time, by                               PIXE
                                                                               Hiroyuki Iso, Tsuyoshi microbeam          using the narrow beam downed the size to 1 micrometer and the
                                                                               Hamano, National       PIXE analysis      maximum scanning area of 2mm square. We are applying this
                                                                               Institute of           system in          system to the elements and the structure analysis for bio-cells and
                                                                               Radiological Sciencies NIRS               environmental specimens. The most important procedure to
                                                                                                      Electrostatic      obtain the high-resolution maps is increasing spatial resolution of
                                                                                                       Accelerator       the microbeam. We diagnose the resolution by using Scanning
                                                                                                       Facility          Transmission Ion Microscopy (STIM) and PIXE images of the
037    SAITO     Hajime       Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp    SHIAS    +81-3-5488-8321 Hiroyasu Akagi*,         Present Status 12.5um pitch copper mesh. In this workshop, we introduce our
                                                                                                                      The RARF (RIKEN Accelerator Research Facility) has an                       Poster   P   10P2-17 How we do
                                                                              Tomonori Ohki*, Eiji     and the        accelerator complex consisting of the K540 RIKEN Ring Cyclotron                                  business
                                                                              Ikezawa and              Operation of   (RRC) as a main accelerator and its two injectors; frequency
                                                                               Masayuki Kase,          the RIKEN         variable RIKEN heavy-ion linac (RILAC) and K70 AVF Cyclotron
                                                                               RIKEN, * RIKEN SAS      Accelerator       (AVF). The RRC together with the AVF and the RILAC have
                                                                               Operator Group          Research          provided routinely a beam time of more than 4400 hours through a
                                                                                                       Facility          year since 1993. Present status of the RARF operation and
038    SAITO     Hajime       Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp    SHIAS    +81-3-5488-8321 Yoji Inata*, Yoichi      Recent            The RCNP accelerator system consists of a K400 6 sector ring     Poster           P   10P2-18 How we do
                                                                              Ohe*, Hajime Saito**,    Progress          cyclotron and a K140 AVF cyclotron. Many improvements and                                     business
                                                                               Shiro Ninomiya,         in High           efforts have been dedicated especially for the high resolution
                                                                               Takane Saito and        Resolution        beam operation. It enables us to deliver a 420MeV He3 beam of
                                                                               Kenji Sato, RCNP ,      Beam              less than 15keV resolution in the dispersion matching mode and
                                                                               Osaka University, *     Operation of      90keV resolution in the achromatic transportation mode at a target
                                                                               RCNP SAS Operator       the RCNP          point. Optimization of flat topping in the ring cyclotron, fine tuning
                                                                               Group, ** SHI           Ring Cyclotron of the AVF cyclotron beam with a phase slit system and the highly
                                                                              Accelerator Service      System            stabilized magnet system monitored with NMR probes are the
039    GREEN     David          davicg@jlab.org      TJNAF    +1-757-269-7049 David W. Green, Jr.,     HOW WE DO         The accelerator is staffed 24 hours a day by the MCC Operations          Poster   P   10P2-19 How we do
                                                                              Thomas Jefferson         BUSINESS IN       Group. Shift rotations are for seven days on shift, followed by                               business in
                                                                              National Accelerator     ACCELERATO        seven days off shift. A shift typically consists of a Crew Chief and                          accelerator
                                                                               Facility                R          two operators. Personnel spend 70% of time on shift and 30% off                                       operations at
                                                                                                       OPERATIONS shift. The off shift time is utilized for meetings, training and                                      TJNAF
                                                                                                       AT TJNAF   individual projects. Individual projects can consist of hardware or
                                                                                                                         software development, training, documentation development or
040    TOMA      Violeta      Violeta@TRIUMF.CA      TRIUMF   +1-604-222-7520 Violeta Toma             New Control       History of Control Room development for the various Operations           Oral     O   11A1-2   Control Room
                                                                                                       Room Layouts      groups at TRIUMF. Presentation of the ergonomic choices in our                                 Layout
                                                                                                       at TRIUMF         Control Rooms.




041    BANKS     Greg          gbanks@aps.anl.gov    ANL                       Greg Banks, APS         Managing      How we (here at the APS) provide information regarding                       Oral     O   11A2-8   Information
                                                                               Main Control Room       communication operational issues, maintenance, training, and safety issues. * I                                  Flow
                                                                               Supervisor              in the main       was informed of this submission at the last moment, so the
                                                                                                       control room      content noted above is just off the top of my head*




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042     YAO       Chihyuan        cyao@aps.anl.gov     ANL           +1-630-252-5703 Randy Flood, C.Y.       Automatic        The Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring is a third            Poster      P   10P2-20 Automation
                                                                                     Yao, Greg Banks,        Software         generation X-ray synchrotron radiation user facility. Many software
                                                                                     Glenn Decker,           Processes at     automatic execution and correction tools have been developed to
                                                                                     Advanced Photon         the APS*         increase productivity and reduce potential human errors. These
                                                                                     Source, Argonne                          include: the injection/top-up script, Procedure Execution Manager
                                                                                     National Laboratory                      (PEM), orbit correction configuration and execution tool, beam
                                                                                                                              steering, etc. We will present the application and benefits of these
                                                                                                                              software tools. *Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy,
043     YAO       Chihyuan        cyao@aps.anl.gov     ANL           +1-630-252-5703 Chihyuan Yao, Greg      How We Do        Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No.aW-31-109-
                                                                                                                              The Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring is third-                Oral     O   10A1-4   How we do
                                                                                     Banks, Glenn Decker,    Business at      generation dedicated X-ray synchrotron radiation facility that has                           business
                                                                                     Roger Klaffky           APS*             been in opertion since 1996. We report the organization of the
                                                                                                                              operation team, machine performance, operation modes, user
                                                                                                                              beam schedule, user interaction, and other aspects of APS
                                                                                                                              operation. * Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy,
                                                                                                                              Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-
044    SATOH      Yoshimi        yosatoh@post.kek.jp   MESSEC                        Y. Satoh and M.         CURRENT          In some Japanese large accelerator facilities for scientific           Poster   P   10P2-21 Cooperation
                                                                                     Tanaka, Mitsubishi      ACTIVITIES       research, the engineering staffs from private enterprises operate                           with controls
                                                                                     Electric System &       AND              the accelerators as outsourcing service. Up to the present, the                              people
                                                                                     Service Engineering     DIRECTIONS       requirements for our company were just the operations stably.
                                                                                     Co. Ltd., 2-8-8         OF THE     However, since accelerator technologies have much progressed
                                                                                     Umezono, Tsukuba,       OUTSOURCIN recently and the accelerators have applied to various research
                                                                                     Ibaraki 305-0045,       G FOR          fields, more high-level skills have required to the operators, e.g.,
                                                                                     Japan.                  ACCELERATO the operators must be like the research assistants. In this paper,
045     WANG        Yan            ywang@jlab.org      TJNAF                         Yan Wang, TJNAF         R OPERATION To report our current activities and our directions Operators at
                                                                                                             Software Tools we get a job well done one must have good tools. to adopt the            Poster   P   10P2-22 Tools for
                                                                                                             Developed By Jefferson Lab play a very important role in software tools                                      accelerator
                                                                                                             Operators        development. Working in the machine control center operators use                             operation
                                                                                                                              computers to control the accelerator everyday. The operators
                                                                                                                              have the first-hand experience and know exactly what they need
                                                                                                                              to run the machine. Besides providing valuable information to
                                                                                                                              software group the operators write code to develop new tools to fit
046     EPPS      Michael           epps@jlab.org      TJNAF                         Michael A Epps,         User Interface   When developing specialized tools for operations, physicists or        Oral     O   14A1-5   Interface
                                                                                     TJNAF                   Design:        other programmers the most important thing to remember about
                                                                                                             Considerations interface design is to know your end customer, their level of
                                                                                                             When             knowledge of the subject, and their work environment. Here I will
                                                                                                             Developing for   discuss some of the special software tools that have been
                                                                                                             Operations       developed by and for the operations group at Jefferson lab.

047   NAKABUSHI   Hiromitsu   nakabushi@aec-beam.co.jp Accelerator    043-251-6623   H. Nakabushi, Y.        Recruit/Trainin Accelerator Engineering Corporation (AEC) is a private company,         Oral     O   12A2-1   Recruit/Trainin
                                                       Engineering                   Sano, C. Kobayashi      g of AEC        which is charged with the operations of HIMAC (Heavy Ion                                      g
                                                       Corporation                   and H. Tsubuku,         Personnels for   Medical Accelerator in Chiba) accelerator complex. Our major
                                                                                     Accelerator Div.,       Operations of jobs are the accelerator operation and maintenance services, but
                                                                                     Accelerator             HIMAC Facility also are included technical supports of user's irradiation
                                                                                     Engineering                              experiments, cancer therapy and relating treatment planning. The
                                                                                     Corporation (AEC)                        necessary technologies are widely spread due to such various
                                                                                                                              support jobs. And, because most of the personnels have different
                                                                                                                              backgrounds and are usually not accelerator-related, recruitment
                                                                                                                              and personnel training are therefore important and urgent




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048     SUZUKI     Takenori   takenori.suzuki@kek.jp   KEK             029-864-4051   Takenori Suzuki        Practical       KEK has many types of accelerators, which can accelerate              Oral     O   11P1-1   Radiation
                                                                                                             Radiation       electrons, positrons and protons up to 10GeV, 3.5GeV and                                    Safety
                                                                                                             Control at KEK 12GeV, respectively. These are the main radiation sources at
                                                                                                                            KEK. The operation of these accelerator complex is producing
                                                                                                                            radiation to the environment and experimental holes. The
                                                                                                                            shielding design of accelerators must be done to reduce radiation
                                                                                                                             dose as small as possible for radiation workers and general public
                                                                                                                             during the accelerator operation. After terminating the operation,
                                                                                                                             the main radiation source is created by radioactive accelerator
                                                                                                                             components in the beam line tunnel. Maintenance workers is often
                                                                                                                             to receive a large dose during their work inside the beam line. In
                                                                                                                             order to prevent for radiation workers to receive the large dose,
                                                                                                                             KEK has a design standard of accelerator shielding and a rule to
049   SANGUANSAK   Nuanwan     nuanwan@nsrc.or.th      NSRC           +66-44-217047 N. Sanguansak, S.        The             control radiation dose daily, weekly and yearly. In this was
                                                                                                                             The Siam Photon Source is a second hand machine that                  Poster   P   10P2-23 How We Do
                                                                                      Rujirawat, R.          Commissioning transferred from the SORTEC Laboratory. The high energy beam                                  Business
                                                                                      Apiwatwaja, S.          of the Siam    transport line and storage ring have been modified to have a more
                                                                                      Rugmai, G. Hoyes, K.   Photon Source advanced structure in the Siam Photon Source. The successful
                                                                                      Hass, W. Pairsuwan                     electron storage was achieved in December 2001. At present, the
                                                                                      and T. Ishii                           maximum stored current is 128 mA and the beam lifetime at 100
                                                                                                                             mA is 40 minutes and the data is being refined continuously.
                                                                                                                             Since the original machine was built about 15 year ago, we have
                                                                                                                             found various problems inherent in an old and used machine and
                                                                                                                             in the infrastructure of the area during the course of the
                                                                                                                             component storage the machine commissioning. In this report, the
                                                                                                                             problems and their cures are described. Representative examples
                                                                                                                             are degradation of machine components, defects in the original
                                                                                                                             hardware system including mistakes in the circuit design,
                                                                                                                             capturing of internal and external noise affecting the machine
050    KARNAEV     Serguei     karnaev@inp.nsk.su      Budker         +7-3832-342-163 A. Bogomyagkov, D.     Machine         The VEPP-4 complex, comprising injector, VEPP-3 storage ring          Poster   P   10P2-24 Accelerator
                                                       Institute of                   Filimonov, S.          operations      and VEPP-4M collider, provides electron and positron beams for                             Operation
                                                       Nuclear                        Karnaev, E.            statistics on   different experiments in parallel. Due to implementation Linux-
                                                       Physics                        Kremyanskaya, S.       the VEPP-4      based machines in the VEPP-4 Control System the vast statistics
                                                                                      Mishnev, E. Simonov,   complex         are available and are used for the analysis of the stability and
                                                                                      S. Smirnov, D.                         reliability of the machines. The improvement of the Control System
                                                                                      Shatilov, V. Zorin                     allowed us to successfully accomplish the precision experiment of
                                                                                                                             measuring of the J/psi- and psi'-meson masses. Now the
                                                                                                                             experiment of tau-lepton mass measuring is being prepared on the
                                                                                                                             VEPP-4 complex in which the analysis of the machine parameters
                                                                                                                             will play a vital part. The paper reviews an opportunity for data
051     BIELER     Michael       bieler@desy.de        DESY            +49-40-8994-   Michael Bieler, DESY   How we do       acquisition in the VEPP-4 accelerator labs Machine operations
                                                                                                                             DESY is one of the larger Control System. in the world with three              O   10A2-3
                                                                           3805                              business at     linacs, two synchrotrons and three storage rings. All these
                                                                                                             DESY            machines are operated from one control room. The operators at
                                                                                                                             DESY are recruited from the technical support groups and are
                                                                                                                             doing shifts for roughly a third of their monthly work time.
                                                                                                                             Advantages and disadvantages of this unusual model will be
052     BIELER     Michael       bieler@desy.de        DESY            +49-40-8994-   Michael Bieler, DESY   Maintenance     HERA is a big proton-electron collider with a circumference of 6km             O   12A1-4
                                                                           3805                              at HERA         at the DESY lab in Hamburg, Germany. The machine was
                                                                                                                             commissioned in 1991. The age of the machine and the big
                                                                                                                             number of components make it necessary to ad some preventive
                                                                                                                             maintenance to the usual scheme of event triggered repairs. In
                                                                                                                             this talk I will describe the way maintenance is organized at HERA.
053      Mau        Robert                             FNAL                                                                  At Fermilab we have 2 hr necessary repair periods, 8 to 12 hour                O   12A1-1
                                                                                                                             shutdowns and multiweek shutdowns. The problem is how to
                                                                                                                             communicate the goals and plans of a shutdown, coordinate the
                                                                                                                             work, and ensure that only approved work gets done. This talk will
                                                                                                                             address the aspects of coordinating, communicating, planning,
                                                                                                                             and controlling shutdowns and the role Operations plays in these




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054   YOSHIOKA    Masakazu    KEK                                             HWDB                                                                                           O   10A1-1




055    SCHUH        Peter     SLAC                                            How the SLAC The Operations group at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center                        O   10A1-2
                                                                              Operations   operates the two-mile Linac complex to deliver 3 GeV positrons
                                                                              Section does     and 9 GeV electrons to the PEP-II B-factory storage rings, and
                                                                              Business         optimizes colliding beams for the BaBar high energy physics
                                                                                               experiment. In addition, electron and positron beams with
                                                                                               energies from 30-50 GeV are frequently delivered to fixed target
                                                                                               experiments and advanced accelerator studies in End Station A
                                                                                               and Final Focus Test Beam facilities. This talk will give an
056   GIANNELLA     Mario     SNS-Oak                                         How We Do        overview of the organization and responsibilities of SLAC
                                                                                               Construction began in 1999 on the Spallation Neutron Source by                O   10A2-3
                              Ridge                                           Business at      the U.S. Department of Energy at a total cost of $1.4 billion. It is
                                                                              SNS              being installed and commissioned in phases. When fully
                                                                                               operational in 2006, the accelerator (comprised a warm and
                                                                                               superconducting Linac, Accumulator Ring and transport lines) will
                                                                                               produce a 1.4 MW, 1 GeV proton beam to spallate nuclei in a
                                                                                               liquid mercury target – resulting in most intense pulsed neutron
                                                                                               beams in the world for scientific research and industrial
                                                                                               development.The planned transition from commissioning to
                                                                                               operation is discussed, with the corresponding development of the
                                                                                               Operations staff, Conduct of Operations, and tools (e.g.
                                                                                               Operations Procedures Manual, Electronic Logbook, Maintenance
057   KAWAKUBO    Tadamichi   KEK       029-864-5591   Tadamichi Kawakubo     The troubles                                                                            Oral   O   11P2-2   The troubles
                                                       and Hikaru Sato, KEK   from Radiation                                                                                              from Radiation
                                                                              Dose in KEK-                                                                                                Dose in KEK-
                                                                              PS                                                                                                          PS



 *                 Tommy      CERN




059   JOHNSON       Dan       FNAL                                                                                                                                           O   10P2-1




060    STANEK      Michael    SLAC                                                                                                                                           O   10P2-2




061     GEAR        Peter     RAL                                                                                                                                            O   10P2-3




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062   INGRASSIA    Peter     BNL                                                                                                               O   10P2-4




063   GIANNELLA    Mario     SNS-Oak                                                                                                           O   10P2-5
                             Ridge




064    MARKUS      Alberto   CERN                                                                                                              O   10P2-6




065    HARDY      Laurent    ESRF                                                                                                              O   10P2-7




066   YOSHIOKA    Masakazu   KEK                                                                                                               O   10P2-9




067    SPATA        Mike     TJNAF                                                                                                             O   10P2-10




068    TAKADA      Eiichi    NIRS        Review on                                                                                             O   12A2-3
                                         Recruit/Trainin
                                         g of Operators




069   WILLIAMS     Neville   BNL         Bio metrics in    Local key trees were installed at the counting houses to minimize            10P2   O   11P2-3
                                         accelerator       the time it takes for the RHIC users to access the experimental
                                         personnel         areas. To further streamline the process, iris scanners are used to
                                         safety systems verify the C-AD Access training required to release the access
                                                        keys. Iris scanner technology was chosen based on its high
                                                           reliability rating. Its rate of false identification is a factor of a 1000
                                                           lower than hand reader technology. This ensures more accurate
                                                           tracking of users accessing beam enclosures. The advantages
                                                           and disadvantages for using iris scanners in an experimental




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070    KUMAR      Pradeep   pksharma@cat.ernet.in   CAT        0731-2488000   Pradeep Kumar, V.        Operation Of     INDUS-1 is a 450 MeV electron storage ring for the production of     O   10A2-4   Operation of
                                                                              Bhatnagar, A.A.          INDUS-1,         the synchrotron radiation in VUV range with a critical wavelength                 INDUS-1
                                                                              Fakhri, P. Fatnani,      India's First    of 61 Angstrom. The ring was commissioned in June 1999. Since                     electron
                                                                              A.D. Ghodke, R.K.        Synchrotron      then the ring is in regular operation. This Synchrotron Radiation                 storage ring
                                                                              Gupta, P.R.              Radiation        Source (SRS) consists of a 20 MeV Microtron, a 450 MeV Booster
                                                                              Hannurkar, P.Kant,       Source           Synchrotron and a Storage ring. In this paper operation aspects of
                                                                              M.G. Karmarkar, S.                        INDUS-1 SRS will be presented.
                                                                              Kotaih, M. Pravin
                                                                              Kumar, G.K. Sahoo,
                                                                              R.S. Saini, A.Sharma,
                                                                              S.K. Shukla, Gurnam
                                                                              Singh, B. Singh, H.C.
071     MAU       Robert                            FNAL                      Soni, Mau, FNAL
                                                                              Rbert D.S. Thakur,       Review on                                                                             O   14A2-1
                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                                       Operation




072   INGRASSIA    Peter                            BNL                       Peter Ingrassia, BNL     Report on                                                                             O   14A2-2
                                                                                                       Recent
                                                                                                       Workshop on
                                                                                                       Global
                                                                                                       Accelerator
                                                                                                       Network
073     FUKUI      Toru                             SPring-8                  Toru Fukui, SPring-8     Design of the    We designed a control room to keep quiet as a office and             O   11A1-3
                                                                                                       Spring-8         coordinate furniture with ergonomics. Also we talk about a plasma
                                                                                                       control room -   display stand to display the alarm information.
                                                                                                       How to make
                                                                                                       comfortable
                                                                                                       working space.




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Keywords 1   Keyword 2   Keyword 3
Central      Function    Operation
Control      Partition   and Display




Radiation    active      component
safety       components replacement




cyclotron    visual      assistance




software     Bates       Jefferson




hadrontherap commissioni operation
y            ng          and
                         maintenance




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                                           WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




beam loss       radioactivati measuremen
reduction       on            ts




light sources   reliability




Online          Operations    Log




Large Helical   Plasma        Cryostat
Device          Experiment




AD              beam quality Antiproton




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                                WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




database   web           mail




GUI        Synchrotron
           Radiation
           Facility
Web        Network




carbon     sharing
therapy    operation




                                     16/179
             WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




small lab.




                  17/179
                                          WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




software     BLAM          safety
                           envelope




operation    maintenance improvement




operator-    high
developed    performance
tools        operations




Control      maintenance Transaction




Operator     decision-     optimisation
assistance   making        of
                           accelerator
                           recovery




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                             WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Electron-     luminosity
Positron      upgrade
Collinder




reliability   availability




                                  19/179
                                          WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Beal losses   radiation
              safety




maintenance   preventative




How we do     HIMAC          AEC
business




cyclotron     radiopharma maintenance
              ceuticals




maintenance   radioactive    beam
work          equipment      extraction




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                                        WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




cyclotron    high          magnetic
             resolution    field
             beam




PIXE         microbeam




Ring         Accelerator   Heavy Ion
Cyclotron    Complex




Ring         Accelerator   High
Cyclotron    Complex       Resolution
                           Beam




TJNAF        operations    business




Ergonomics




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                                            WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Storage Ring   Automatic     APS
               Processes




APS            Operation     Synchrotron
                             Light Source




outsourcing    private
               enterprises




Design




Recruit/Traini HIMAC         AEC
ng




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                                       WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Radiation   Radiation    Radiation
safety      Dose         Control




Stability   operations   data
analysis    schedule     acquisition




                                            23/179
                               WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




KEK PS   machine   radiation
         trouble   dose




                                    24/179
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     25/179
                                     WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Synchrotron   Acceleration Storage
Radiation




                                          26/179
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No.   Family Name   First Name            E-mail             Institute        Fax        Authors                 Title            Abstract                                                              Prefere Oral/Poster Session Topic
054   YOSHIOKA      Masakazu                                 KEK                                                 HWDB                                                                                   nce     O           10A1-1




055     SCHUH         Peter                                  SLAC                                                How the SLAC The Operations group at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center                         O         10A1-2
                                                                                                                 Operations   operates the two-mile Linac complex to deliver 3 GeV positrons
                                                                                                                 Section does     and 9 GeV electrons to the PEP-II B-factory storage rings, and
                                                                                                                 Business         optimizes colliding beams for the BaBar high energy physics
                                                                                                                                  experiment. In addition, electron and positron beams with
                                                                                                                                  energies from 30-50 GeV are frequently delivered to fixed target
                                                                                                                                  experiments and advanced accelerator studies in End Station A
                                                                                                                                  and Final Focus Test Beam facilities. This talk will give an
027       YU        Xianming       yuxm@mail.ihep.ac.cn      IHEP, CAS    +86-10-8823-   X. Yu, Y. Chen, X.      Operation and    The Beijing the organization Collider (BEPC) serving for
                                                                                                                                  overview of Electron-Positronand responsibilities of SLAC both        Poster   O         10A1-3   Operation and
                                                                              6190       Wang                    Performance      high energy physics experiments and synchrotron radiation                                         Performance
                                                                                                                 of the Beijing   application has been well operated for more than 13 years since                                   of BEPC
                                                                                                                 Electron         May 1989. After the luminosity upgrade program from 1999, the
                                                                                                                 Positron         performance and stability of the operation were much improved in
                                                                                                                 Collider         recent years. The peak luminosity of the BEPC has reached
                                                                                                                                  5*10^30cm^-2s^-1 at J/psi energy of 1.55GeV and 1*10^31cm^-
                                                                                                                                  2s^-1 at psi(2S) energy of 1.84GeV respectively. Over 50 million
                                                                                                                                  J/psi events were accumulated in two years from Sept. 1999 and
                                                                                                                                  14 million psi(2S) events have been taken in the last run from
                                                                                                                                  Sept. 2001 to June 2002. For dedicated synchrotron radiation
                                                                                                                                  operation, the maximum beam current is around 120mA with
                                                                                                                                  lifetime over 20~30 hours. In addition, two insertion devices as
                                                                                                                                  well as new beamlines were installed in the last summer(2002).
                                                                                                                                  Besides, experimental studies for the machine development and
                                                                                                                                  BEPCII R&D are being carried out. Improvement on the machine
                                                                                                                                  operation system and the database is still under way. It's expected
043      YAO        Chihyuan         cyao@aps.anl.gov        ANL         +1-630-252-5703 Chihyuan Yao, Greg      How We Do        The Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring is a third-           Oral       O         10A1-4   How we do
                                                                                         Banks, Glenn Decker,    Business at      generation dedicated X-ray synchrotron radiation facility that has                                business
                                                                                         Roger Klaffky           APS*             been in opertion since 1996. We report the organization of the
                                                                                                                                  operation team, machine performance, operation modes, user
                                                                                                                                  beam schedule, user interaction, and other aspects of APS
                                                                                                                                  operation. * Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy,
                                                                                                                                  Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-
021   NAKAMURA      Yoshiteru    nakamura@taka.jaeri.go.jp   JAERI        027-346-9690   Y. Nakamura, T. Nara, Operation and      Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application      Oral         O         10A2-1   Flat-top
                                                                                         T. Agematsu, I.       Maintenance        (TIARA) facility at JAERI Takasaki was constructed to promote the                                 acceleration
                                                                                         Ishibori, S.            for JAERI AVF various researches of wide field for materials science and                                           system
                                                                                         Kurashima, M.           Cyclotron     biotechnology. The AVF cyclotron system, which is the one of
                                                                                         Fukuda, S. Okumura,     System        four ion accelerators in TIARA, has been smoothly operated
                                                                                         K. Arakawa, N.                           without any serious troubles since the first beam extraction in
                                                                                         Miyawaki, K. Yoshida,                    March 1991. The operation time for a year is about 3200 hours on
                                                                                         and S. Tajima                            an average through recent 8 years. In especially, the cyclotron
                                                                                                                                  system is needed the frequent alteration of operation condition
                                                                                                                                  according to many kinds of ion species required from the
                                                                                                                                  experimenters. On the other hand, because of the improvement
                                                                                                                                  of the beam quality, intensity and reliability, we have carried out
                                                                                                                                  continuously so far many reconstruction and development, several
                                                                                                                                  items of which are the renewal of a computer control system,
                                                                                                                                  reinforcement of the ion source, acceleration technique for some
                                                                                                                                  series of cocktail beams, stabilization of the cyclotron beam and
                                                                                                                                  design of a new gradient corrector including an active coil.
                                                                                                                                  Furthermore, now we are advancing various countermeasure to
                                                                                                                                  form the micro beam of 1 micron-meter size by means of focused
                                                                                                                                  type, such as the introduction of a flat-top acceleration system,




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                                                                                                                WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                           3/7/2011




051     BIELER      Michael         bieler@desy.de           DESY            +49-40-8994-   Michael Bieler, DESY   How we do       DESY is one of the larger accelerator labs in the world with three            O   10A2-3
                                                                                 3805                              business at     linacs, two synchrotrons and three storage rings. All these
                                                                                                                   DESY            machines are operated from one control room. The operators at
                                                                                                                                   DESY are recruited from the technical support groups and are
                                                                                                                                   doing shifts for roughly a third of their monthly work time.
                                                                                                                                   Advantages and disadvantages of this unusual model will be
056    GIANNELLA     Mario                                   SNS-Oak                                               How We Do       Construction began in 1999 on the Spallation Neutron Source by                O   10A2-3
                                                             Ridge                                                 Business at     the U.S. Department of Energy at a total cost of $1.4 billion. It is
                                                                                                                   SNS             being installed and commissioned in phases. When fully
                                                                                                                                   operational in 2006, the accelerator (comprised a warm and
                                                                                                                                   superconducting Linac, Accumulator Ring and transport lines) will
                                                                                                                                   produce a 1.4 MW, 1 GeV proton beam to spallate nuclei in a
                                                                                                                                   liquid mercury target – resulting in most intense pulsed neutron
                                                                                                                                   beams in the world for scientific research and industrial
                                                                                                                                   development.The planned transition from commissioning to
                                                                                                                                   operation is discussed, with the corresponding development of the
                                                                                                                                   Operations staff, Conduct of Operations, and tools (e.g.
                                                                                                                                   Operations Procedures Manual, Electronic Logbook, Maintenance
070     KUMAR       Pradeep      pksharma@cat.ernet.in       CAT             0731-2488000   Pradeep Kumar,         Operation Of    INDUS-1 is a 450 MeV electron storage ring for the production of              O   10A2-4   Operation of
                                                                                            V.Bhatnagar,           INDUS-1,        the synchrotron radiation in VUV range with a critical wavelength                          INDUS-1
                                                                                            A.A.Fakhri, P.Fatnani, India's First   of 61 Angstrom. The ring was commissioned in June 1999. Since                              electron
                                                                                            A.D.Ghodke,            Synchrotron     then the ring is in regular operation. This Synchrotron Radiation                          storage ring
                                                                                            R.K.Gupta,             Radiation       Source (SRS) consists of a 20 MeV Microtron, a 450 MeV Booster
                                                                                            P.R.Hannurkar,         Source          Synchrotron and a Storage ring. In this paper operation aspects of
007   KARANTZOULI   Emanuel   karantzoulis@elettra.trieste.it Sincrotrone    +39-040-375-   P.Kant, Karantzoulis
                                                                                            Emanuel                Synchrotron     INDUS-1 SRS will be presented. issue of great importance for
                                                                                                                                   Availability and reliability is a big                              Oral       O   10P1-1   10P1
          S                                                  Trieste -           8565                              light sources   synchrotron light source with 600 - 6000 users per year for about
                                                             ELETTRA                                               reliability     5000 hours of machine time for user experiments. Definitions are
                                                                                                                                   presented discussed and analysis of the reliabilities of some
                                                                                                                                   machines is shown. Conclusions are drawn as to what
                                                                                                                                   components contribute most to the down time and what is to be
                                                                                                                                   done.
028     HARDY       Laurent           hardy@esrf.fr          ESRF           +33-4-7688-2054 HARDYLaurent, ESRF ACCELERATO This talk will summarize the topics presented at the Accelerator                Oral   O   10P1-2   accelerator
                                                                                                                   R             Reliability Workshop held in Grenoble in February 2002.                                      reliability
                                                                                                                   RELIABILITY - Following a pioneering period during which the major concern of
                                                                                                                   AVAILABILITY accelerator physicists was to achieve the highest intensity as well
                                                                                                                                as explore the largest range of energy, accelerators quickly
                                                                                                                                   became a tool at the service of a wide community. Accelerators
                                                                                                                                   started to be used for medical and industrial purposes. Now, a
                                                                                                                                   single accelerator can also serve a wide range of Users at the
                                                                                                                                   same time (X-rays sources). Reaching a high Mean Time Between
                                                                                                                                   Failure as well as high availability became a constraint for such
                                                                                                                                   Machines. Various spallation neutron sources are upgraded. The
                                                                                                                                   idea of using them for transmutation processes or in the long term,
                                                                                                                                   to replace the conventional nuclear reactors, has now been
                                                                                                                                   comprehensively studied. Besides pure accelerator physics
                                                                                                                                   considerations, it is now agreed that the reliability of these
                                                                                                                                   accelerators must be drastically improved with respect to the
059    JOHNSON       Dan                                     FNAL                                                                                                                                                O   10P2-1




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                                                                                                             WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                                3/7/2011




003   AGEMATSU     Takashi    agematsu@taka.jaeri.go.jp   Japan Atomic   027-346-9690   T. Agematsu, K.        An Operator     Cyclotron start-up operations require dozens of adjustable              Poster   P   10P2-1    Software or
                                                          Energy                        Arakawa, S.            Assistance      parameters to be tuned to maximize extracted beam current.                                     Tools or ?
                                                          Research                      Okumura, Y.            System for      Experienced operators perform this process through trial and error
                                                          Institute                     Nakamura and S.        Beam            using their experience and intuition. However, the process is
                                                                                        Tajima                 Adjustment of   difficult for inexperienced operators because operator need to
                                                                                                               a JAERI AVF     adjust parameters using little information such as measured beam
                                                                                                               Cyclotron       data, alarm, status of components, and so on. We have
                                                                                                                               developed a computer-based visual assistance system for JAERI
                                                                                                                               AVF cyclotron. The system provides a CRT display: the cyclotron
                                                                                                                               beam trajectories, feasible setting regions, search traces and the
                                                                                                                               beam envelopes for external beam transport designed to optimize
                                                                                                                               beam parameter adjustment. The evaluation experiment for the
                                                                                                                               system was carried out and the operation time to reach required
                                                                                                                               beam conditions of the injection region of the cyclotron was
                                                                                                                               reduced by approximately 65%. Also the system is very useful to
067     SPATA       Mike                                  TJNAF                                                                                                                                                 O   10P2-10




024   KAMIKUBOTA   Norihiko   Norihiko.Kamikubota@kek.jp KEK             0298-64-7529   N.Kamikubota,          Control         The amount of the control transactions handled by an accelerator        Poster   P   10P2-10 Reliability,
                                                                                        K.Furukawa,            Transactions    control system is a fundamental parameter for long-term                                      Availability and
                                                                                        T.Suwada and           of the KEKB     maintenance of the control system. This article gives the detailed                             Serviceability
                                                                                        M.Satoh, High Energy Linac during      information on this parameter of the KEK injector-linac during
                                                                                        Accelerator Research the KEKB          1997-2002. The increase of transactions in recent years is
                                                                                        Organization (KEK)     Commissioning discussed with respect to the KEKB commissioning activities.
026     CHEN       Yanwei       chenyw@mail.ihep.ac.cn    IHEP, CAS      +86-10-8823-   Chen Yanwei            STATUS OF       BEPC operation made a great progress in the 2001-2002 year.             Poster   P   10P2-11 Operation
                                                                            6190                               BEPC2001-       The total operation time was 6372 hours, in which 2473 hours are
                                                                                                               2002            for high energy physics experiments, 1888 hours for the
                                                                                                               OPERATION       synchrotron radiation application, 837 hours for the injection, 173
                                                                                                                               hours for the breakdown, 402 hours for hardware maintenance
                                                                                                                               and regulation, and 556 hours for the machine studies,
                                                                                                                               respectively. Compared with last year, the total operation time
                                                                                                                               exceeded the operation plan by 348 hours because of the high
                                                                                                                               operation efficiency. 1 operation for high energy physics
                                                                                                                               Operation for the high energy physics account for the 38.8%.
                                                                                                                               while BES operating at the resonance peak of ??(2s)?????(3770),
                                                                                                                               the maximum current achieved 90mA. Due to the effort of
                                                                                                                               operation group, many record such as peak luminary were
                                                                                                                               broken. 14.63 million hadron case was collected compared with
                                                                                                                               the plan which is 14 million. Meanwhile 168 hours was offered to
                                                                                                                               the 10th experiment hall for the BES?? design. 2 operation for
                                                                                                                               synchrotron radiation Accounting for 29.6%, 1888 hours was
                                                                                                                               offered to synchrotron radiation which is the most operation time
                                                                                                                               up to now, in synchrotron mode, the maximum current achieved
                                                                                                                               120-130mA with 20-30 hours lifetime. 293 BSRF experiment
                                                                                                                               tasks is completed. On the whole, beam quality and operation
                                                                                                                               efficiency is satisfied. 3 machine studies Total machine studies
                                                                                                                               time is 556.9 hours in last periods, in order to ensure the operation
                                                                                                                               of BES and synchrotron, less time is used to study the machine.
                                                                                                                               As for the storage ring, the machine studies focused on the




                                                                                                                  29/179
                                                                                                         WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                            3/7/2011




031    HOJO       Satoru          s_hojo@nirs.go.jp    NIRS      043-287-6146    S.Hojo, Y. Sakamoto,      Operation and    The NIRS-Chiba isochronous cyclotron has been working in               Poster   P   10P2-12 Tools for
                                                                                 K. Kohno, N.              some             routinely, and providing the stable beams for bio-medical studies                           accelerator
                                                                                 Miyahara, T. Honma        improvements     and various kinds of related experiments since 1975. The clinical                           operation
                                                                                 and S. Yamada,            at NIRS          trail of eye melanoma has been under continued. Two new beam
                                                                                 National Institute of     cyclotron        lines have been constructed in order to carry out the bio-physical
                                                                                 Radiological              facility         study, and to produce the long-lived R.I.s for SPECT. Some
                                                                                 Sciences, 4-9-1,                           improvements, such as development of control system using “Lab
                                                                                 Anagawa, Inage-ku,                         View” for new axial injection line and external beam lines.
                                                                                 Chiba 263-5888,
                                                                                 JAPAN, T.Okada,
                                                                                 K.Komatsu ,
                                                                                H.Yumoto and H.
                                                                                Ogawa. Accelerator
032    KONDO      Takanori       aec_opeg@nirs.go.jp   AEC      +81-43-251-6623 Takanori Kondo,            OPERATIONA HIMAC, Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba, has been used                 Poster   P   10P2-13 How we do
                                                                                Naoki Shinozaki,           L          for cancer therapy, physics and biology experiments since 1994.                                   business
                                                                                 Noriyuki Sasaki,          PERFORMAN        Accelerator Engineering Corporation, (AEC), has been carrying
                                                                              Tomoaki Takei (AEC), CE OF HIMAC out operation and maintenance of HIMAC under the auspices of
                                                                              *Satoru Yamada,       AND CANCER NIRS. The present status of operational performance,
033   MILIEBARI   Salman        salman@kfshrc.edu.sa   KFSHRC                 *Eiichi Takada(*NIRS) THERAPY
                                                                9661-442-4743 Salman Miliebari,     Twenty years maintenance, and schedule are reported.
                                                                                                                 The Cs-30 cyclotron at KFSH&RC has been running for more than Poster                       P   10P2-14 Maintenance
                                                                                 Salam Rahma,Ahmed of CS-30             twenty years for Radiopharmaceuticals production and Neutron
                                                                                 Al-Ghaith,Wellem Van Cyclotron         therapy, we are going to present the history of our operations,
                                                                                 Heerden,and Faisal al- operation,maint maintenance, and developments. We had many challenges due to
                                                                                 Rumyan                    enance,and    being away from quick technical support.
                                                                                                           developmennts

035   NINOMIYA     Shiro     ninomiya@rcnp.osaka-u.ac.jp RCNP   +81-6-6879-8899 S. Ninomiya, T. Saito,     Ultra stable     Ultra-precise beams have been successfully accelerated up to 392 Poster         P   10P2-15 Accelerator
                                                                                H. Tamura and K.           magnetic field   MeV in the RCNP cyclotron complex. It is found that stability of a                          system
                                                                                Sato, Research             of the RCNP      magnetic field is essential. The temperature of an iron core have                           operation
                                                                                 Center for Nuclear        cyclotron        been stabilized by controlling the temperature of the cooling water
                                                                                 Physics(RCNP),            complex for     for coils. Now we can keep the constant magnetic field within the
                                                                                 Osaka Univ.               high resolution order of 10-6 and ultra-precise beams are kept for a long time
                                                                                                           beam operation without any tuning of cyclotron parameters.
036   IMASEKI     Hitoshi         h_ima@nirs.go.,jp    NIRS     +81-43-253-5597 Hitoshi Imaseki,           Beam           The scanning microbeam PIXE (Particle Induced X-ray Emission) Poster              P   10P2-16 The scanning
                                                                                Masae Yukawa,              alignment of   analysis allows identifying the several surface elements and taking                           microbeam
                                                                                 Takahiro Ishikawa,     scanning            the high-resolution elemental maps of the specimen at a time, by                            PIXE
                                                                                 Hiroyuki Iso, Tsuyoshi microbeam           using the narrow beam downed the size to 1 micrometer and the
                                                                                 Hamano, National       PIXE analysis       maximum scanning area of 2mm square. We are applying this
                                                                                 Institute of           system in           system to the elements and the structure analysis for bio-cells and
                                                                                 Radiological Sciencies NIRS                environmental specimens. The most important procedure to
                                                                                                        Electrostatic       obtain the high-resolution maps is increasing spatial resolution of
                                                                                                           Accelerator      the microbeam. We diagnose the resolution by using Scanning
                                                                                                           Facility       Transmission Ion Microscopy (STIM) and PIXE images of the
037    SAITO      Hajime        Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp    SHIAS    +81-3-5488-8321 Hiroyasu Akagi*,           Present Status 12.5um pitch copper mesh. In this workshop, we introduce our
                                                                                                                          The RARF (RIKEN Accelerator Research Facility) has an                    Poster   P   10P2-17 How we do
                                                                                Tomonori Ohki*, Eiji       and the        accelerator complex consisting of the K540 RIKEN Ring Cyclotron                               business
                                                                                 Ikezawa and               Operation of     (RRC) as a main accelerator and its two injectors; frequency
                                                                                 Masayuki Kase,            the RIKEN        variable RIKEN heavy-ion linac (RILAC) and K70 AVF Cyclotron
                                                                                 RIKEN, * RIKEN SAS        Accelerator      (AVF). The RRC together with the AVF and the RILAC have
                                                                                 Operator Group            Research         provided routinely a beam time of more than 4400 hours through a
                                                                                                           Facility         year since 1993. Present status of the RARF operation and
038    SAITO      Hajime        Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp    SHIAS    +81-3-5488-8321 Yoji Inata*, Yoichi        Recent           The RCNP accelerator system consists of a K400 6 sector ring           Poster   P   10P2-18 How we do
                                                                                Ohe*, Hajime Saito**,      Progress         cyclotron and a K140 AVF cyclotron. Many improvements and                                   business
                                                                                 Shiro Ninomiya,           in High          efforts have been dedicated especially for the high resolution
                                                                                 Takane Saito and          Resolution       beam operation. It enables us to deliver a 420MeV He3 beam of
                                                                                 Kenji Sato, RCNP ,        Beam             less than 15keV resolution in the dispersion matching mode and
                                                                                 Osaka University, *       Operation of     90keV resolution in the achromatic transportation mode at a target
                                                                                 RCNP SAS Operator         the RCNP       point. Optimization of flat topping in the ring cyclotron, fine tuning
                                                                                 Group, ** SHI             Ring Cyclotron of the AVF cyclotron beam with a phase slit system and the highly
                                                                                 Accelerator Service       System         stabilized magnet system monitored with NMR probes are the




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039   GREEN     David            davicg@jlab.org    TJNAF          +1-757-269-7049 David W. Green, Jr.,      HOW WE DO        The accelerator is staffed 24 hours a day by the MCC Operations         Poster   P   10P2-19 How we do
                                                                                   Thomas Jefferson          BUSINESS IN      Group. Shift rotations are for seven days on shift, followed by                              business in
                                                                                    National Accelerator     ACCELERATO       seven days off shift. A shift typically consists of a Crew Chief and                          accelerator
                                                                                    Facility                 R                two operators. Personnel spend 70% of time on shift and 30% off                               operations at
                                                                                                             OPERATIONS       shift. The off shift time is utilized for meetings, training and                              TJNAF
                                                                                                             AT TJNAF         individual projects. Individual projects can consist of hardware or
                                                                                                                              software development, training, documentation development or
060   STANEK   Michael                              SLAC                                                                                                                                                       O   10P2-2




005   ITANO    Akifumi    a.itano@shingu.hyogo.jp   Hyogo Ion       0791-58-2600    Akifumi ITANO,           Operation of     PATRO (Particle Accelerator for Therapy, Radiology and                  Poster   P   10P2-2   Medical
                                                    Beam Medical                    Takashi AKAGI, Akio      Medical          Oncology) is a medical accelerator facility for hadrontherapy                                 Accelerator
                                                    Center                          HIGASHI, HIBMC,          Accelerator      (Particle therapy of cancer) at Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center
                                                                                    Syuuzo FUKUSHIMA, PATRO at                (HIBMC). It consists of two 10 GHz ECR ion sources, 1 MeV/u
                                                                                    Atsushi FUJITA,   Hyogo Ion               RFQ linac, 5 MeV/u Alvarez linac, synchrotron, high-energy beam
                                                                                    Mitsubishi Electric  Beam Medical         transport system and patient irradiation system. Beam particles for
                                                                                    Corp., Yasuo HONDA, Center                therapy are proton (230 MeV) and carbon (320 MeV/u). We
                                                                                    Hidenori ISA, Kazuto                      started the beam commissioning and the tuning of irradiation
                                                                                    NISHIKIGOURI,                             system in 2000. We performed the clinical trials (60 patients) with
                                                                                    Accelerator                               proton and carbon beams from May 2001 until July 2002. We
                                                                                    Engineering Corp.                         operated the accelerator for about 11,000 hours since the
                                                                                                                              beginning of the beam tuning until the end of the clinical trials and
                                                                                                                              for about 5,000 hours during the clinical trials. No serious troubles
042    YAO     Chihyuan         cyao@aps.anl.gov    ANL            +1-630-252-5703 Randy Flood, C.Y.         Automatic        happened during the clinical trials. The stability and the
                                                                                                                              The Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring is a third                Poster   P   10P2-20 Automation
                                                                                   Yao, Greg Banks,          Software         generation X-ray synchrotron radiation user facility. Many software
                                                                                    Glenn Decker,            Processes at     automatic execution and correction tools have been developed to
                                                                                    Advanced Photon          the APS*         increase productivity and reduce potential human errors. These
                                                                                    Source, Argonne                           include: the injection/top-up script, Procedure Execution Manager
                                                                                    National Laboratory                       (PEM), orbit correction configuration and execution tool, beam
                                                                                                                              steering, etc. We will present the application and benefits of these
                                                                                                                              software tools. *Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy,
044   SATOH    Yoshimi        yosatoh@post.kek.jp   MESSEC                          Y. Satoh and M.          CURRENT          In some Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-
                                                                                                                              Office of Japanese large accelerator facilities for scientific          Poster   P   10P2-21 Cooperation
                                                                                    Tanaka, Mitsubishi       ACTIVITIES       research, the engineering staffs from private enterprises operate                             with controls
                                                                                    Electric System &        AND              the accelerators as outsourcing service. Up to the present, the                               people
                                                                                    Service Engineering      DIRECTIONS       requirements for our company were just the operations stably.
                                                                                    Co. Ltd., 2-8-8          OF THE           However, since accelerator technologies have much progressed
                                                                                    Umezono, Tsukuba,        OUTSOURCIN       recently and the accelerators have applied to various research
                                                                                    Ibaraki 305-0045,        G FOR            fields, more high-level skills have required to the operators, e.g.,
                                                                                    Japan.                   ACCELERATO       the operators must be like the research assistants. In this paper,
045   WANG       Yan             ywang@jlab.org     TJNAF                           Yan Wang, TJNAF          R OPERATION
                                                                                                             Software Tools   we get a job well done one must have good tools. to adopt the
                                                                                                                              To report our current activities and our directions Operators at        Poster   P   10P2-22 Tools for
                                                                                                             Developed By     Jefferson Lab play a very important role in software tools                                    accelerator
                                                                                                             Operators        development. Working in the machine control center operators use                              operation
                                                                                                                              computers to control the accelerator everyday. The operators
                                                                                                                              have the first-hand experience and know exactly what they need
                                                                                                                              to run the machine. Besides providing valuable information to
                                                                                                                              software group the operators write code to develop new tools to fit




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049   SANGUANSAK   Nuanwan   nuanwan@nsrc.or.th   NSRC             +66-44-217047 N. Sanguansak, S.          The           The Siam Photon Source is a second hand machine that was               Poster   P   10P2-23 How We Do
                                                                                 Rujirawat, R.              Commissioning transferred from the SORTEC Laboratory. The high energy beam                                Business
                                                                                   Apiwatwaja, S.           of the Siam   transport line and storage ring have been modified to have a more
                                                                                   Rugmai, G. Hoyes, K.     Photon Source advanced structure in the Siam Photon Source. The successful
                                                                                   Hass, W. Pairsuwan                     electron storage was achieved in December 2001. At present, the
                                                                                   and T. Ishii                           maximum stored current is 128 mA and the beam lifetime at 100
                                                                                                                            mA is 40 minutes and the data is being refined continuously.
                                                                                                                            Since the original machine was built about 15 year ago, we have
                                                                                                                            found various problems inherent in an old and used machine and
                                                                                                                            in the infrastructure of the area during the course of the
                                                                                                                            component storage the machine commissioning. In this report, the
                                                                                                                            problems and their cures are described. Representative examples
                                                                                                                            are degradation of machine components, defects in the original
                                                                                                                            hardware system including mistakes in the circuit design,
                                                                                                                            capturing of internal and external noise affecting the machine
050    KARNAEV     Serguei   karnaev@inp.nsk.su   Budker           +7-3832-342-163 A. Bogomyagkov, D.       Machine         The VEPP-4 complex, comprising injector, VEPP-3 storage ring         Poster   P   10P2-24 Accelerator
                                                  Institute of                     Filimonov, S.            operations      and VEPP-4M collider, provides electron and positron beams for                            Operation
                                                  Nuclear                          Karnaev, E.              statistics on   different experiments in parallel. Due to implementation Linux-
                                                  Physics                          Kremyanskaya, S.         the VEPP-4      based machines in the VEPP-4 Control System the vast statistics
                                                                                   Mishnev, E. Simonov,     complex         are available and are used for the analysis of the stability and
                                                                                   S. Smirnov, D.                           reliability of the machines. The improvement of the Control System
                                                                                   Shatilov, V. Zorin                       allowed us to successfully accomplish the precision experiment of
                                                                                                                            measuring of the J/psi- and psi'-meson masses. Now the
                                                                                                                            experiment of tau-lepton mass measuring is being prepared on the
                                                                                                                            VEPP-4 complex in which the analysis of the machine parameters
                                                                                                                            will play a vital part. The paper reviews an opportunity for data
061      GEAR       Peter                         RAL                                                                       acquisition in the VEPP-4 Control System. Machine operations                  O   10P2-3




008     JONES        Rita    RCJones@LBL.gov      Advanced         +1-510-486-4102 Rita Jones, Advanced     Catching It     The ALS Procedure Center creates the operational procedures for Poster        P   10P2-3   Maintenance
                                                  Light Source,                    Light Source             Before It       the facility. ALS staff can access the preventive maintenance
                                                  Lawrence                         Procedure Center,        Breaks          (PM) procedures, checklists, and test schedules on the Procedure
                                                  Berkeley                         Lawrence Berkeley        ・・PM           Center web site. On maintenance days, occurring every other
                                                  National                         National Laboratory,     Program at the week, these documents are used to carry out maintenance tasks
                                                  Laboratory                       Berkeley, California     ALS             on unique (one-of-a-kind) equipment and critical systems to
                                                                                                                            prevent lost beam time. PM chores on a typical maintenance day
                                                                                                                            will be presented, highlighting examples of procedures and
062    INGRASSIA    Peter                         BNL                                                                       checklists used on the different systems and the roles and                    O   10P2-4




010      IIMA      Masashi     iima@nifs.ac.jp    National          0572-58-2614   M. Iima, H. Yonezu,      Management      Large Helical Device (LHD) is the largest super conducting plasma Poster      P   10P2-4   Operation
                                                  Institute for                    H. Hayashi, S.           and Operation   confinement device in the world. The plasma volume is 30m3, and                            Large SC-coils
                                                  Fusion Science                   Moriuchi, K. Yasui,    method at LHD the volume of the cryostat is 800m3. The operation period is one
                                                                                   T.kondo, N. Suzuki, K.               period in a year. It started the vacuum pumping of the cryostat
                                                                                   Ooba, A. Sekiguchi,                  and plasma vacuum vessel. The coil cooling down takes about 25
                                                                                   K. Okada, I.Ohtake,                      days. The experimental period is about 5 month, and One month
                                                                                   Operator groupe,                         for warm up of the coils. This presentation will introduce the
                                                                                   Device Operation                         management of LHD and our operation experiences in these five




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063   GIANNELLA   Mario                          SNS-Oak                                                                                                                                             O   10P2-5
                                                 Ridge




016   SCHEELER     Uwe       u.scheeler@gsi.de   GSI           +49-6159-71-   Dr. H. Eickhoff and U.   THERAPY         GSI is the heavy ion research center in Germany operating three      Poster   P   10P2-5   How we do
                                                                   2104       Scheeler                 OPERATION       accelerators UNILAC (linac), SIS (synchrotron) and ESR (storage                            Business/
                                                                                                       AT GSI          ring) on the fields of nuclear and atomic physics, plasma physics,                         Remote
                                                                                                                       material research and biophysics. Approximately a quarter of the                           operation
                                                                                                                       6000h of the SIS operation time per year is used for cancer
                                                                                                                       treatment with carbon ions at 255 different energies employing a
                                                                                                                       novel raster scan method. About 150 people suffering from tumors
                                                                                                                       mostly in the head region have been treated since the end of
                                                                                                                       1997. The applied scanning technique allows the direct irradiation
                                                                                                                       of any shaped tumors and prevents the healthy tissue from
                                                                                                                       irradiation damage. This procedure is connected to special
                                                                                                                       demands concerning beam energy, beam position, focusing and
                                                                                                                       intensity. The annual beam time consists of 3 beam periods with
                                                                                                                       a length of 27 days. Five days are reserved for commissioning and
                                                                                                                       tuning, 22 days for patient treatment. The integral request of the
                                                                                                                       daily beam time for therapy is only about 50%. The rest of the
                                                                                                                       operation time is used mostly in block mode to carry out physics
                                                                                                                       experiments. Based on the requirements by the therapy
                                                                                                                       operation the special technical and organizational measures for a
064    MARKUS     Alberto                        CERN                                                                                                                                                O   10P2-6




018   HAMAMOTO    Donna     djhamamoto@lbl.gov   ALS / LBNL   +1-510-486-4102 Hamamoto, Donna          Poster          The Beamline Coordination group works in conjunction with the        Poster   P   10P2-6   How we do
                                                                                                       Abstract: How   Acceleration Operations group to meet the varied needs of                                  Business /
                                                                                                       we do           experimenters and ensures safety on the Advanced Light Source                              Safety
                                                                                                       business,       experimental floor. Accelerator Operators perform some of the
                                                                                                       Safety          duties of Beamline Coordinators on evening and owl shifts. The
                                                                                                                       history of Beamline Coordinators is interesting because
                                                                                                                       Accelerator Operators originally performed these duties and then
                                                                                                                       a separate group was formed with Operators taking over on off
                                                                                                                       shifts. Each experiment that runs at the ALS is reviewed by safety
                                                                                                                       inspectors who cover mechanical, electrical, vacuum, radiation
                                                                                                                       and Environmental Health and Safety issues. Beamline
                                                                                                                       Coordinators arrange and assist in these inspections. Beamline
                                                                                                                       Coordination and Accelerator Operations provide a wide variety of
                                                                                                                       services to the ALS experimenters and Beamline Scientists.
                                                                                                                       Some of the calls include: x requests for beamline keyenables
                                                                                                                        x requests to valves, photon stops and personnel safety shutters
                                                                                                                        x requests to trouble shoot problems with the opening of valves
                                                                                                                       and shutters,     x requests for chemicals and gases x questions
065    HARDY      Laurent                        ESRF                                                                  on how to dispose of hazardous waste        x questions about                 O   10P2-7




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019    GOTO      Kiminori      goto@hiroshima-u.ac.jp   Hiroshima       0824-24-6294   Kiminori Goto             Maintenance      HiSOR is a synchrotron light source constructed at Hiroshima          Poster   P   10P2-7   Maintenance
                                                        Synchrotron                                              and              Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University in FY1996.
                                                        Radiation                                                improvement      After some improvement, upgrade and tuning, the storage current
                                                        Center,                                                  of the           of the HiSOR was up to 200mA in May 2000. As the stored current
                                                        Hiroshima                                                Synchrotron      increased more and vacuum degree was better by repeating
                                                        University                                               Radiation        degassing operation, the beam instability problem at injection and
                                                                                                                 Source HiSOR at acceleration was severer. At present, changing the operation
                                                                                                                              point at injection and updating the tracking pattern at acceleration
                                                                                                                              from 150MeV to 700MeV is only a way to suppress the beam
                                                                                                                                  instability of the HiSOR. In near future, we will get approval from
                                                                                                                                  the radiation protection authority for the operation with 350mA.
022   LONGCOY      Larry         llongcoy@mit.edu       MIT Bates                      Larry Longcoy, MIT        Bates History    Then we are getting ready for upgrade of the HiSOR in order to
                                                                                                                                  Bates History of Operations                                           Poster   P   10P2-8   Bates History
                                                        Linear                                                   of Operations                                                                                                of Operations
                                                        Accelerator
066   YOSHIOKA   Masakazu                               KEK                                                                                                                                                      O   10P2-9




023    YOSHII     Kenzi          kenzi@post.kek.jp      Mitsubishi                     K. Yoshii, Y. Satoh, T. THE                The main tasks of the operators at KEKB accelerator are safety        Poster   P   10P2-9   Tools for
                                                        Electric                       Kitabayashi, H. Iida,     OPERATOR-        management, beam tuning and operation logging. In KEKB                                      accelerator
                                                        System &                       S. Fuke, M. Tanaka,       DEVELOPED        facility, the accelerator scientists have been exploring and                                operation
                                                        service                        T. Kawasumi, T.           USEFUL           developing new beam tuning methods to realize high luminosity.
                                                        Engineering                    Aoyama, S.                TOOLS AT         To master these new methods quickly and correctly, the operators
                                                        Co. Ltd.                       Shimomura, K.             KEKB             have developed some tools to help themselves by their hands. As
                                                                                       Sugino, T. Nakamura,      ACCELERATO a consequence, the stable and high performance operations have
                                                                                       T. Ohkubo, Mitsubishi     R                realized. In this paper, we list the operator-developed tools and
                                                                                       Electric System &                          report the merits of developing the useful tools by the operators.
                                                                                       Service Engineering
                                                                                       Co. Ltd., and M.
                                                                                       Yoshioka, KEK, High
001     JING       Lan      jing@impcas.ac.cn           Institute of    +86-931-496-   Energy Accelerator
                                                                                       Qiao Weimin, Jing         Design of        We have set up our new Central Control Room for our HIRFL-CSR Oral             O   11A1-1   Central Control
                                                        Modern              9351       Lan, Ma Yunhai            Central Control Facility.The consideration about the layout and operation is                                 Room of
                                                        Physics,                                                 Room of         discussed in this paper. It include following sectons:                                       HIRFL-CSR
                                                        Chinese                                                  HIRFL-CSR                         1. Function Partitions
                                                        Academy of                                                                                     2. Operation and Display
                                                        Sciences                                                                                           3. Ergonomics Consideration
040    TOMA       Violeta       Violeta@TRIUMF.CA       TRIUMF         +1-604-222-7520 Violeta Toma              New Control      History of Control Room development for the various Operations        Oral     O   11A1-2   Control Room
                                                                                                                 Room Layouts     groups at TRIUMF. Presentation of the ergonomic choices in our                              Layout
                                                                                                                 at TRIUMF        Control Rooms.




073    FUKUI       Toru                                 SPring-8                                                 Design of the    We designed a control room to keep quiet as a office and                       O   11A1-3
                                                                                                                 Spring-8         coordinate furniture with ergonomics. Also we talk about a plasma
                                                                                                                 control room -   display stand to display the alarm information.
                                                                                                                 How to make
                                                                                                                 comfortable
                                                                                                                 working space.
041    BANKS       Greg         gbanks@aps.anl.gov      ANL                            Greg Banks, APS           Managing       How we (here at the APS) provide information regarding                  Oral     O   11A2-8   Information
                                                                                       Main Control Room         communication operational issues, maintenance, training, and safety issues. * I                              Flow
                                                                                       Supervisor                in the main      was informed of this submission at the last moment, so the
                                                                                                                 control room     content noted above is just off the top of my head*




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048    SUZUKI     Takenori       takenori.suzuki@kek.jp   KEK           029-864-4051    Takenori Suzuki          Practical        KEK has many types of accelerators, which can accelerate                 Oral   O   11P1-1   Radiation
                                                                                                                 Radiation        electrons, positrons and protons up to 10GeV, 3.5GeV and                                     Safety
                                                                                                                 Control at KEK 12GeV, respectively. These are the main radiation sources at
                                                                                                                                KEK. The operation of these accelerator complex is producing
                                                                                                                                radiation to the environment and experimental holes. The
                                                                                                                                shielding design of accelerators must be done to reduce radiation
                                                                                                                                  dose as small as possible for radiation workers and general public
                                                                                                                                  during the accelerator operation. After terminating the operation,
                                                                                                                                  the main radiation source is created by radioactive accelerator
                                                                                                                                  components in the beam line tunnel. Maintenance workers is often
                                                                                                                                  to receive a large dose during their work inside the beam line. In
                                                                                                                                  order to prevent for radiation workers to receive the large dose,
                                                                                                                                  KEK has a design standard of accelerator shielding and a rule to
029     DURU       Philippe           duru@esrf.fr        ESRF         +33-4-7688-2054 Ph. Duru, ESRF            MINIMIZING       The ESRF has been in operation for more than In this
                                                                                                                                  control radiation dose daily, weekly and yearly. 10 years. In            Oral   O   11P1-2   radiation safety
                                                                                                                 RADIATION        addition to the day-to-day effort brought to improve the beam
                                                                                                                 AND BEAM         availability and the mean time between failures, a particular
                                                                                                                 LOSSES AT        attention is paid to fulfil the Radiationprotection regulations and to
                                                                                                                 ESRF             understand the physical mechanisms of losses. The role of the
                                                                                                                                  Operator regarding the safety issues is of major importance and
                                                                                                                                  therefore many tools and procedures have been implemented to
                                                                                                                                  give him the possibility to ensure the operation of the accelerators
                                                                                                                                  in the safest condition. Monitoring of parameters, diagnostics
                                                                                                                                  tools, losses localisation means and beam interlocks have been
                                                                                                                                  developed and are operational from the Control Room. Various
                                                                                                                                  measures have also been taken to minimise the risk of radiation
                                                                                                                                  losses such as injection efficiency improvement, additional
                                                                                                                                  shielding on equipment and infrastructure, research and
                                                                                                                                  development on vacuum vessel material, pumping means and
                                                                                                                                  baking procedure, scheduling of operating modes. Particular
                                                                                                                                  procedures to be strictly observed in case of abnormal lifetime
                                                                                                                                  drop or vacuum pressure alarms have been created. As a result
002    NOONE        Tom       t.noone@rl.ac.uk            CLRC            (44) 1235     Tom Noone                Radiation        One of the issues that face all high energy beam accelerators is         Oral   O   11P1-3   Radiation
                                                          Rutherford       445701                                Safety           that of active component replacement. This can arise through                                 safety issues
                                                          Appleton                                               pertaining to    failure of components, the need to carry out maintenance or                                  associated
                                                          Laboratory                                             active           upgrading of systems to increase output efficiency. During the                               with operating
                                                                                                                 component        year 2001/2 RAL undertook a major upgrade on the most active                                 and
                                                                                                                 replacement.     area of the ISIS accelerator ring, "straight 1". This section of the                         maintaining
                                                                                                                                  ISIS accelerator contains a collector system for containing lost                             intense beam
                                                                                                                                  beam during injection and the beam extraction components. The                                accelerators
                                                                                                                                  case for carrying out this work was driven by several aspects of
                                                                                                                                  machine operation: component failure, lack of purpose built
                                                                                                                                  shielding, high downstream activity levels, original design
                                                                                                                                 restrictions causing beam clipping and the need for re-designing
                                                                                                                                 several components to meet the needs of future intensity
020   INGRASSIA     Peter          ingrassia@bnl.gov      BNL          +1-631-344-5676 P. F. Ingrassia,          Maintaining     The Accelerator Safety Envelope (ASE) defines boundaries for      Oral           O   11P2-1   Radaiation
                                                                                       Collider Accelerator      the Accelerator accelerator operation that may not be exceeded. Examples of                                   Safety
                                                                                       Department,               Safety          parameters that are limited by the ASE include beam intensity and
                                                                                        Accelerator Division     Envelope         particle loss, the radiation safety access control system, the fire
                                                                                                                                  protection system, and control room staffing. This talk will focus
                                                                                                                                  on BLAM, the Beam Loss Accounting Manager, a novel approach
                                                                                                                                  that is used to monitor beam loss at RHIC, the Relativistic Heavy
057   KAWAKUBO    Tadamichi                               KEK           029-864-5591    Tadamichi Kawakubo       The troubles                                                                              Oral   O   11P2-2   The troubles
                                                                                        and Hikaru Sato, KEK     from Radiation                                                                                                from Radiation
                                                                                                                 Dose in KEK-                                                                                                  Dose in KEK-
                                                                                                                 PS                                                                                                            PS




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                                                                                                            WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                                  3/7/2011




069   WILLIAMS     Neville                              BNL                                                   Bio metrics in    Local key trees were installed at the counting houses to minimize         10P2   O   11P2-3
                                                                                                              accelerator       the time it takes for the RHIC users to access the experimental
                                                                                                              personnel      areas. To further streamline the process, iris scanners are used to
                                                                                                              safety systems verify the C-AD Access training required to release the access
                                                                                                                             keys. Iris scanner technology was chosen based on its high
                                                                                                                             reliability rating. Its rate of false identification is a factor of a 1000
                                                                                                                                lower than hand reader technology. This ensures more accurate
                                                                                                                                tracking of users accessing beam enclosures. The advantages
                                                                                                                                and disadvantages for using iris scanners in an experimental
053     Mau        Robert                               FNAL                                                                    At Fermilab we have 2 hr necessary repair periods, 8 to 12 hour                  O   12A1-1
                                                                                                                                shutdowns and multiweek shutdowns. The problem is how to
                                                                                                                                communicate the goals and plans of a shutdown, coordinate the
                                                                                                                                work, and ensure that only approved work gets done. This talk will
                                                                                                                                address the aspects of coordinating, communicating, planning,
                                                                                                                                and controlling shutdowns and the role Operations plays in these
030    LUDWIG      Jacque          ludwig@jlab.org      TJNAF         +1-757-269-7049 Jacque H. Ludwig,       Maintenance       Maintenance at Jefferson Lab is largely driven by the experiment          Oral   O   12A1-2   Maintenance
                                                                                      Jefferson Lab.          at Jefferson      schedule; two major maintenance and/or upgrade periods are                                    at Jefferson
                                                                                                              Lab               generally scheduled each year. Unscheduled maintenance                                        Lab
                                                                                                                                involves critical repairs which cannot be deferred to a scheduled
                                                                                                                                accelerator down. Scheduled maintenance includes deferred and
                                                                                                                                preventative maintenance as well as planned modifications and
                                                                                                                                upgrades to the accelerator. This talk will focus on JLAB's
034     SATO       Hikaru         hikaru.sato@kek.jp    KEK            0298-64-5591   Hikaru Sato, Noboru     Status of the     More than 25years passed since the KEK 12GeV-PS construction, Oral               O   12A1-3   maintenance
                                                                                      Tokuda, Masashi         Maintenance       some of accelerator equipments are highly radiated, especially the                            in the high
                                                                                      Shirakata, Susumu       for the KEK       injection and the extraction equipments. In recent years, the                                 radiation area
                                                                                      Igarasi                 12GeV-PS          higher intensity beam has been required for such as the long
                                                                                                              main ring and     baseline neutrino oscillation experiment and rare decay
                                                                                                              power supply.     experiments. Then, the circumference of the maintenance work
                                                                                                                                has become severe. Further, almost equipments of main ring and
                                                                                                                                power supply have deteriorated. Status of the Maintenance for the
052    BIELER     Michael          bieler@desy.de       DESY           +49-40-8994-   Michael Bieler, DESY    Maintenance       HERA is a big proton-electron collider with a circumference of 6km               O   12A1-4
                                                                           3805                               at HERA           at the DESY lab in Hamburg, Germany. The machine was
                                                                                                                                commissioned in 1991. The age of the machine and the big
                                                                                                                                number of components make it necessary to ad some preventive
                                                                                                                                maintenance to the usual scheme of event triggered repairs. In
                                                                                                                              this talk I will describe the way maintenance is organized at HERA.
047   NAKABUSHI   Hiromitsu   nakabushi@aec-beam.co.jp Accelerator     043-251-6623   H. Nakabushi, Y.        Recruit/Trainin Accelerator Engineering Corporation (AEC) is a private company, Oral               O   12A2-1   Recruit/Trainin
                                                        Engineering                   Sano, C. Kobayashi      g of AEC          which is charged with the operations of HIMAC (Heavy Ion                                      g
                                                        Corporation                   and H. Tsubuku,         Personnels for Medical Accelerator in Chiba) accelerator complex. Our major
                                                                                      Accelerator Div.,       Operations of jobs are the accelerator operation and maintenance services, but
                                                                                      Accelerator             HIMAC Facility also are included technical supports of user's irradiation
                                                                                      Engineering                               experiments, cancer therapy and relating treatment planning. The
                                                                                      Corporation (AEC)                         necessary technologies are widely spread due to such various
                                                                                                                                support jobs. And, because most of the personnels have different
                                                                                                                                backgrounds and are usually not accelerator-related, recruitment
                                                                                                                                and personnel training are therefore important and urgent




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                                                                                                          WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                           3/7/2011




012   OHSHIMA     Takashi      ohshima@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8       0791-58-0850   T. Ohshima             Trial lectures    In case of SPring-8, accelerator operators are working in three         Oral   O   12A2-2   Training
                                                                                                            for accelerator   shifts of eight hours. They are making the scheduled beam
                                                                                                            operators in      injection to storage ring, routine measurement of operation
                                                                                                            SPring-8          parameters such as COD, betatron tune, bunch current of stored
                                                                                                                              beam and so on. They are keeping a watch on operational state
                                                                                                                              every time. In case of something wrong, they will take measures to
                                                                                                                              meet the situation. New comer of operator begin to work with an
                                                                                                                              experienced one to learn sequence of beam injection, how to deal
                                                                                                                              with Graphical User Interface and so on. In addition, we organize
                                                                                                                              preliminary lectures on accelerator for operators. Topics done in
                                                                                                                              the lectures are RF system, vacuum system, magnet system,
                                                                                                                              monitors, beam diagnostics, accelerator and beamline control
                                                                                                                              system etc. The contents of the lecture can be seen by web
                                                                                                                              browser again and again. It is useful for operators to understand
068    TAKADA      Eiichi                              NIRS                                                 Review on         the SPring-8 facility and details of their work because some of                O   12A2-3
                                                                                                            Recruit/Trainin
                                                                                                            g of Operators




004    KRAUSE     Shannon   krause@mit.edu             MIT Bates     +1-617-253-9599 Shannon Krause, MIT Automation of        This presentation will focus on the Automation of tasks performed       Oral   O   14A1-1   Automation
                                                       Linear                        Bates Linear           Accelerator       by Accelerator Operations. This includes the types, requirements,
                                                       Accelerator                   Accelerator Center     Operations        and process of automation as well as the pros and cons. Various
                                                       Center                                                                 examples of automation will be presented from both the Bates and
                                                                                                                              Jefferson Laboratories. The talk will conlude with a discussion of
                                                                                                                              the Bates Automated Ring Fill software which will completely
                                                                                                                              automate the standard beam delivery process for both Operations
                                                                                                                              and the Experimenters.
011   ERIKSSON    Tommy       tommy.eriksson@cern.ch   CERN          +41-22-767-9145 T. Eriksson            Beam quality      The CERN Antiproton Decelerator (AD) has now reached a stable           Oral   O   14A1-2   Tools
                                                                                                            monitoring at     mode of operation, regularly delivering batches of 100 MeV/c
                                                                                                            the CERN          antiprotons to the ATRAP, ATHENA and ASACUSA
                                                                                                            Antiproton        collaborations. Experience during the commissioning and initial
                                                                                                            Decelerator       physics runs revealed difficulties in achieving design goals and
                                                                                                            (AD)              maintaining stable performance levels. This paper will deal with
                                                                                                                              the specific difficulties in monitoring and improving beam quality in
                                                                                                                              a slow cycling machine operating with low beam intesities of a few
013   YAMASHITA   Akihiro        aki@spring8.or.jp     SPring-8       0791-58-0850   Akihiro Yamashita and Using RDBMS        SPring-8 control system depends on a relational database                Oral   O   14A1-3   Tools
                                                                                     Toru Ohata, SPring-8   for Accelerator management system (RDBMS) not only for parameter storing but
                                                                                                            Operation       also for logging data archiving, alarm data storing and shift
                                                                                                            Assistance      scheduling. We introduce many tools which assists SPring-8
                                                                                                                            operations like logging data browsing, alarm data checking, shift
                                                                                                                              schedule notification by mail and cellular phone messaging and
                                                                                                                              etc. Those tools were built as clients of the RDBMS. The RDBMS
                                                                                                                              supplied simple and consistent way to construct those tools.




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                                                                                                             WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                            3/7/2011




017    RICHTER     Simone      S.Richter@gsi.de     GSI               +49-6159-71-   S. Richter, W. Barth,     Improving        The GSI accelerator facility consists of the Universal Linear                 O   14A1-4
                                                                          2987       B. Franczak,              Beam Set-Up      Accelerator (UNILAC), the heavy ion synchrotron SIS and the
                                                                                     U.Scheeler, D. Wilms      using an         Experimental Storage Ring (ESR). Two UNILAC injectors serve
                                                                                                               Online Beam      diverse purposes. The High Current Injector (HSI) provides high
                                                                                                               Optics Tool      intense but short pulses, whereas the High Charge State Injector
                                                                                                                                (HLI) supplies long pulses with a high duty factor of up to 30 %.
                                                                                                                                Before entering the Alvarez section of the UNILAC the ion beam
                                                                                                                                from the HSI is stripped in a supersonic gas jet. Up to three
                                                                                                                                different ion species can be accelerated for up to five experiments
                                                                                                                                in a time-sharing mode. Frequent changes of beam energy and
                                                                                                                                intensity during a single beam time period may result in time
                                                                                                                                consuming set-up and tuning especially of the beam-transport-
                                                                                                                                lines. To shorten these changeover times an online optics tool
                                                                                                                                (MIRKO EXPERT) has been developed. This software tool is used
                                                                                                                                in the high energy as well in the low and medium energy beam
                                                                                                                                transport lines. Based on online emittan! ce measurements at well
                                                                                                                                defined locations the beam envelopes are calculated by reading
                                                                                                                                the actual magnet settings. The visualization of the beam
                                                                                                                                envelopes helps to better understand the beam dynamics. Results
                                                                                                                                of fitting procedures can be directly sent to the magnet power
                                                                                                                                supplies. The program is able to read profile grid measurements,
                                                                                                                                so that an automated beam alignment is established and steering
                                                                                                                                times are minimized. Experiences with this tool will be reported. At
                                                                                                                                the UNILAC special focus is put on high current operation with
                                                                                                                                short but intense beam pulses. Limitations such as missing
046     EPPS       Michael      epps@jlab.org       TJNAF                            Michael A Epps,           User Interface   When developing specialized tools for operations, physicists or        Oral   O   14A1-5   Interface
                                                                                     TJNAF                     Design:          other programmers the most important thing to remember about
                                                                                                               Considerations interface design is to know your end customer, their level of
                                                                                                               When             knowledge of the subject, and their work environment. Here I will
                                                                                                               Developing for   discuss some of the special software tools that have been
                                                                                                               Operations       developed by and for the operations group at Jefferson lab.

009   RICHARDSON   David     dbrichardson@lbl.gov   Lawrence         +1-510-486-4102 Alan Biocca, David        Upgrading to     The use of an online (electronic) Operations Log (in place of a        Oral   O   14A1-6   Upgrading to
                                                    Berkeley                         Richardson, LBNL          an Online        hardcopy log) and the use of an online Message Board (for                                  an Online
                                                    National                                                   Operations       Operators and Controls Personnel) can improve communications                               Operations
                                                    Laboratory                                                 Log &         considerably. This presentation is designed to review the                                     Log &
                                                                                                               Message Board advantages of these two tools. Designing an online Operations                                 Message Board
                                                                                                                             Log that is user-friendly and that meets an accelerator's legal and
                                                                                                                             practical requirements is quite a challenge. Permanent storage of
                                                                                                                                entries, irreversability, searchability, remote accessibility are
                                                                                                                                among the important criteria for a successful online Operations
                                                                                                                                Log. Creating an online Message Board for ideas, suggestions,
                                                                                                                                and resources can also improve the interaction of an Operations
                                                                                                                                Group. The software involved in developing both these tools is
                                                                                                                                not especially complex, and the improvement in reliability and
014     TAKAO      Masaru    takao@spring8.or.jp    SPring-8          0791-58-0850   Masaru Takao, SPring- Software             efficiency of operations is well worth the developed for SPring-8
                                                                                                                                Various software applications have beeneffort.                         Oral   O   14A1-7   Tools
                                                                                     8/JASRI               Applications         accelerator operations. The effectiveness of these software tools
                                                                                                               for SPring-8     is reported.
015     FUKUI       Toru      fukui@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8/JASRI    0791-58-0851   T. Fukui and M.           Accelerator
                                                                                                               A Video          We developed the video monitoring system using web camera for          Oral   O   14A1-8   Video
                                                                                     Kodera, SPring-8          Monitoring       SPring-8 accelerator tunnel. It replaced old system to consist of                          Monitoring
                                                                                                               System for       video cameras and video switchers. The old one was not
                                                                                                               SPring-8         convenient because a video display and location of cameras were
                                                                                                               Accelerator      fixed. The web camera is able to move any location if it could
                                                                                                               Tunnel           connect to a network. Also we can see pictures on any PC and
                                                                                                                                workstation using the web browser.




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                                                                                                    WAO 2003 Abstracts                                                                                                        3/7/2011




071      MAU       Robert                        FNAL                                                 Review on                                                                                    O   14A2-1
                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                                      Operation




072   INGRASSIA    Peter                         BNL                                                  Report on                                                                                    O   14A2-2
                                                                                                      Recent
                                                                                                      Workshop on
                                                                                                      Global
                                                                                                      Accelerator
                                                                                                      Network
 *    FITZGERALD    Dan       fitzg@lanl.gov     Los Alamos   +1-505-665-2509 M.J. Borden, D.H.       Minimization of The Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring (PSR) was designed to              Oral   C            Radiation
                                                 National                     Fitzgerald, R.J.        Beam Losses operate with a hands-on maintenance program. Thus, PSR                                        Safety
                                                 Laboratory                   Macek, and M.A.         and Operating   operation has been loss-limited since the beginning of operation in
                                                                              Plum, Los Alamos        Experience at   1985. The desire for increased beam intensities in the ring has
                                                                              National Laboratory     PSR             driven a program of loss reduction and minimization of worker
                                                                                                                      exposure to ionizing radiation from activated components. We will
                                                                                                                      present the three main thrusts of this program and discuss results.
                                                                                                                       An important facet of the program has been the effort to identify
                                                                                                                      the sources of beam loss and to make quantitative measurements
                                                                                                                      of both beam loss and the resulting activation of components.
                                                                                                                      Secondly, we will discuss loss-reduction measures taken over the
                                                                                                                      past 17 years, with an emphasis on the upgrade to direct H-
                                                                                                                      injection. Finally, we will present highlights of exposure-
                                                                                                                      minimization efforts, including improvements in equipment
 *      BATZ       Mario    Mario.Batz@cern.ch   CERN         +41-22-767-8910 M. Batz - CERN          Task Oriented   Computerised monitoring systems lead to an increasing flood of        Oral   C            Ergonomics,
                                                                                                      Operator        information that operators need to assess and react on. The                               H/W, Layout
                                                                                                      Interfaces at   presentation of system states and alarms strictly oriented to the
                                                                                                      CERN's          operator's tasks, is crucial for a correct decision-making process
                                                                                                      Technical       and efficiency of operation. At CERN, the Technical Control Room
                                                                                                      Control Room    (TCR) in collaboration with the accelerator control rooms is
                                                                                                                      implementing monitoring applications that assist operators in the
                                                                                                                      optimisation of accelerator recovery after breakdowns. Studies
                                                                                                                      are on going to generalise the underlying engineering method and
                                                                                                                      the resulting monitoring tools to any task in the TCR. This
                                                                                                                      extension will support the operator in the overall prioritising of
 *                 Tommy                         CERN                                                                 conflicting activities and interests. Aspects such as personal and




                                                                                                          39/179
                                         WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Keywords 1   Keyword 2    Keyword 3




Electron-    luminosity
Positron     upgrade
Collinder




APS          Operation    Synchrotron
                          Light Source




operation    maintenance improvement




                                              40/179
                                       WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Synchrotron     Acceleration Storage
Radiation




light sources   reliability




reliability     availability




                                            41/179
                                      WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




cyclotron   visual      assistance




Control     maintenance Transaction




                                           42/179
                                       WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




How we do   HIMAC         AEC
business




cyclotron   radiopharma maintenance
            ceuticals




cyclotron   high          magnetic
            resolution    field
            beam




PIXE        microbeam




Ring        Accelerator   Heavy Ion
Cyclotron   Complex




Ring        Accelerator   High
Cyclotron   Complex       Resolution
                          Beam




                                            43/179
                                           WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




TJNAF          operations    business




hadrontherap commissioni operation
y              ng            and
                             maintenance




Storage Ring   Automatic     APS
               Processes




outsourcing    private
               enterprises




                                                44/179
                                           WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Stability       operations   data
analysis        schedule     acquisition




Large Helical   Plasma       Cryostat
Device          Experiment




                                                45/179
                      WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




carbon    sharing
therapy   operation




                           46/179
                                         WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




small lab.




operator-    high
developed    performance
tools        operations




Central      Function      Operation
Control      Partition     and Display




Ergonomics




                                              47/179
                                       WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Radiation     Radiation   Radiation
safety        Dose        Control




Beal losses   radiation
              safety




Radiation     active      component
safety        components replacement




software      BLAM        safety
                          envelope




KEK PS        machine     radiation
              trouble     dose




                                            48/179
                                          WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




maintenance   preventative




maintenance   radioactive    beam
work          equipment      extraction




Recruit/Traini HIMAC         AEC
ng




                                               49/179
                                     WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




software   Bates        Jefferson




AD         beam quality Antiproton




database   web          mail




                                          50/179
                             WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




Design




Online   Operations    Log




GUI      Synchrotron
         Radiation
         Facility
Web      Network




                                  51/179
                                        WAO 2003 Abstracts   3/7/2011




beam loss    radioactivati measuremen
reduction    on            ts




Operator     decision-   optimisation
assistance   making      of
                         accelerator
                         recovery




                                             52/179
No.   Family Name   First Name              E-mail           Institute           Fax
003   AGEMATSU       Takashi     agematsu@taka.jaeri.go.jp   Japan Atomic    027-346-9690
                                                             Energy
                                                             Research
                                                             Institute




041     BANKS         Greg           gbanks@aps.anl.gov      ANL




 *       BATZ         Mario          Mario.Batz@cern.ch      CERN           +41-22-767-8910




051     BIELER       Michael           bieler@desy.de        DESY            +49-40-8994-
                                                                                 3805
052   BIELER   Michael      bieler@desy.de        DESY        +49-40-8994-
                                                                 3805




026   CHEN     Yanwei    chenyw@mail.ihep.ac.cn   IHEP, CAS   +86-10-8823-
                                                                 6190
029    DURU      Philippe        duru@esrf.fr        ESRF    +33-4-7688-2054




046    EPPS      Michael         epps@jlab.org       TJNAF




011   ERIKSSON   Tommy      tommy.eriksson@cern.ch   CERN    +41-22-767-9145
 *    FITZGERALD   Dan       fitzg@lanl.gov      Los Alamos       +1-505-665-2509
                                                 National
                                                 Laboratory




015     FUKUI      Toru    fukui@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8/JASRI    0791-58-0851




073     FUKUI      Toru                          SPring-8




061     GEAR       Peter                         RAL
056   GIANNELLA    Mario                              SNS-Oak Ridge




063   GIANNELLA    Mario                              SNS-Oak Ridge




019     GOTO      Kiminori   goto@hiroshima-u.ac.jp   Hiroshima        0824-24-6294
                                                      Synchrotron
                                                      Radiation
                                                      Center,
                                                      Hiroshima
                                                      University




039    GREEN       David        davicg@jlab.org       TJNAF           +1-757-269-7049
018   HAMAMOTO   Donna     djhamamoto@lbl.gov   ALS / LBNL   +1-510-486-4102




028    HARDY     Laurent      hardy@esrf.fr     ESRF         +33-4-7688-2054




065    HARDY     Laurent                        ESRF
031     HOJO      Satoru    s_hojo@nirs.go.jp   NIRS              043-287-6146




010     IIMA      Masashi    iima@nifs.ac.jp    National          0572-58-2614
                                                Institute for
                                                Fusion Science




036    IMASEKI    Hitoshi   h_ima@nirs.go.,jp   NIRS             +81-43-253-5597




020   INGRASSIA    Peter    ingrassia@bnl.gov   BNL              +1-631-344-5676
062   INGRASSIA   Peter                               BNL




072   INGRASSIA   Peter                               BNL




005    ITANO      Akifumi   a.itano@shingu.hyogo.jp   Hyogo Ion      0791-58-2600
                                                      Beam Medical
                                                      Center




001     JING       Lan      jing@impcas.ac.cn         Institute of   +86-931-496-
                                                      Modern            9351
                                                      Physics,
                                                      Chinese
                                                      Academy of
                                                      Sciences
059   JOHNSON      Dan                                FNAL
008     JONES         Rita           RCJones@LBL.gov           Advanced Light +1-510-486-4102
                                                               Source,
                                                               Lawrence
                                                               Berkeley
                                                               National
                                                               Laboratory




024   KAMIKUBOTA    Norihiko    Norihiko.Kamikubota@kek.jp KEK                    0298-64-7529




007   KARANTZOULI   Emanuel     karantzoulis@elettra.trieste.it Sincrotrone       +39-040-375-
          S                                                    Trieste -              8565
                                                               ELETTRA




050    KARNAEV       Serguei        karnaev@inp.nsk.su         Budker            +7-3832-342-163
                                                               Institute of
                                                               Nuclear Physics




057   KAWAKUBO      Tadamichi                                  KEK                029-864-5591
032   KONDO     Takanori       aec_opeg@nirs.go.jp    AEC           +81-43-251-6623




004   KRAUSE    Shannon    krause@mit.edu             MIT Bates     +1-617-253-9599
                                                      Linear
                                                      Accelerator
                                                      Center




070   KUMAR     Pradeep       pksharma@cat.ernet.in   CAT            0731-2488000




022   LONGCOY    Larry          llongcoy@mit.edu      MIT Bates
                                                      Linear
                                                      Accelerator
030   LUDWIG    Jacque           ludwig@jlab.org      TJNAF         +1-757-269-7049




064   MARKUS    Alberto                               CERN




053     Mau     Robert                                FNAL
071     MAU        Robert                                 FNAL




033   MILIEBARI   Salman        salman@kfshrc.edu.sa      KFSHRC        9661-442-4743




047   NAKABUSHI   Hiromitsu   nakabushi@aec-beam.co.jp Accelerator      043-251-6623
                                                          Engineering
                                                          Corporation




021   NAKAMURA    Yoshiteru   nakamura@taka.jaeri.go.jp   JAERI         027-346-9690
035   NINOMIYA    Shiro    ninomiya@rcnp.osaka-u.ac.jp RCNP        +81-6-6879-8899




002    NOONE      Tom      t.noone@rl.ac.uk           CLRC         (44) 1235 445701
                                                      Rutherford
                                                      Appleton
                                                      Laboratory




012   OHSHIMA    Takashi      ohshima@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8      0791-58-0850
009   RICHARDSON   David    dbrichardson@lbl.gov   Lawrence     +1-510-486-4102
                                                   Berkeley
                                                   National
                                                   Laboratory




017    RICHTER     Simone     S.Richter@gsi.de     GSI           +49-6159-71-
                                                                     2987
037     SAITO      Hajime    Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp   SHIAS   +81-3-5488-8321




038     SAITO      Hajime    Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp   SHIAS   +81-3-5488-8321




049   SANGUANSAK   Nuanwan   nuanwan@nsrc.or.th    NSRC    +66-44-217047




034      SATO       Hikaru   hikaru.sato@kek.jp    KEK      0298-64-5591
044    SATOH     Yoshimi   yosatoh@post.kek.jp   MESSEC




016   SCHEELER    Uwe       u.scheeler@gsi.de    GSI      +49-6159-71-
                                                             2104




055    SCHUH      Peter                          SLAC




067    SPATA      Mike                           TJNAF
060   STANEK   Michael                             SLAC




048   SUZUKI   Takenori   takenori.suzuki@kek.jp   KEK         029-864-4051




068   TAKADA    Eiichi                             NIRS




014   TAKAO    Masaru      takao@spring8.or.jp     SPring-8    0791-58-0850



040   TOMA     Violeta     Violeta@TRIUMF.CA       TRIUMF     +1-604-222-7520




045   WANG       Yan         ywang@jlab.org        TJNAF
069   WILLIAMS     Neville                       BNL




013   YAMASHITA    Akihiro   aki@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8    0791-58-0850




042     YAO       Chihyuan   cyao@aps.anl.gov    ANL        +1-630-252-5703




043     YAO       Chihyuan   cyao@aps.anl.gov    ANL        +1-630-252-5703
023    YOSHII     Kenzi      kenzi@post.kek.jp     Mitsubishi
                                                   Electric System
                                                   & service
                                                   Engineering
                                                   Co. Ltd.




054   YOSHIOKA   Masakazu                          KEK




066   YOSHIOKA   Masakazu                          KEK




027     YU       Xianming   yuxm@mail.ihep.ac.cn   IHEP, CAS         +86-10-8823-
                                                                        6190
*   Tommy   CERN
Authors                Title           Abstract
T. Agematsu, K.        An Operator     Cyclotron start-up operations require dozens of adjustable
Arakawa, S. Okumura, Assistance        parameters to be tuned to maximize extracted beam current.
Y. Nakamura and S.     System for      Experienced operators perform this process through trial and error
Tajima                 Beam            using their experience and intuition. However, the process is
                       Adjustment of   difficult for inexperienced operators because operator need to
                       a JAERI AVF     adjust parameters using little information such as measured beam
                       Cyclotron       data, alarm, status of components, and so on. We have developed
                                       a computer-based visual assistance system for JAERI AVF
                                       cyclotron. The system provides a CRT display: the cyclotron beam
                                       trajectories, feasible setting regions, search traces and the beam
                                       envelopes for external beam transport designed to optimize beam
                                       parameter adjustment. The evaluation experiment for the system
                                       was carried out and the operation time to reach required beam
                                       conditions of the injection region of the cyclotron was reduced by
                                       approximately 65%. Also the system is very useful to study the
Greg Banks, APS        Managing        How we (here at the APS) provide information regarding operational
Main Control Room      communication issues, maintenance, training, and safety issues. * I was informed
Supervisor             in the main     of this submission at the last moment, so the content noted above is
                       control room    just off the top of my head*




M. Batz - CERN         Task Oriented   Computerised monitoring systems lead to an increasing flood of
                       Operator        information that operators need to assess and react on. The
                       Interfaces at   presentation of system states and alarms strictly oriented to the
                       CERN's          operator's tasks, is crucial for a correct decision-making process
                       Technical       and efficiency of operation. At CERN, the Technical Control Room
                       Control Room    (TCR) in collaboration with the accelerator control rooms is
                                       implementing monitoring applications that assist operators in the
                                       optimisation of accelerator recovery after breakdowns. Studies are
                                       on going to generalise the underlying engineering method and the
                                       resulting monitoring tools to any task in the TCR. This extension will
                                       support the operator in the overall prioritising of conflicting activities

Michael Bieler, DESY   How we do       and interests.of the larger accelerator labs in environmental three
                                       DESY is one Aspects such as personal and the world with safety,
                       business at     linacs, two synchrotrons and three storage rings. All these
                       DESY            machines are operated from one control room. The operators at
                                       DESY are recruited from the technical support groups and are
                                       doing shifts for roughly a third of their monthly work time.
                                       Advantages and disadvantages of this unusual model will be
Michael Bieler, DESY   Maintenance at HERA is a big proton-electron collider with a circumference of 6km
                       HERA            at the DESY lab in Hamburg, Germany. The machine was
                                       commissioned in 1991. The age of the machine and the big number
                                       of components make it necessary to ad some preventive
                                       maintenance to the usual scheme of event triggered repairs. In this
                                       talk I will describe the way maintenance is organized at HERA.
Chen Yanwei            STATUS OF       BEPC operation made a great progress in the 2001-2002 year. The
                       BEPC2001-       total operation time was 6372 hours, in which 2473 hours are for
                       2002            high energy physics experiments, 1888 hours for the synchrotron
                       OPERATION       radiation application, 837 hours for the injection, 173 hours for the
                                       breakdown, 402 hours for hardware maintenance and regulation,
                                       and 556 hours for the machine studies, respectively. Compared
                                       with last year, the total operation time exceeded the operation
                                       plan by 348 hours because of the high operation efficiency.     1
                                       operation for high energy physics Operation for the high energy
                                       physics account for the 38.8%. while BES operating at the
                                       resonance peak of ??(2s)?????(3770), the maximum current
                                       achieved 90mA. Due to the effort of operation group, many record
                                       such as peak luminary were broken. 14.63 million hadron case was
                                       collected compared with the plan which is 14 million. Meanwhile
                                       168 hours was offered to the 10th experiment hall for the BES??
                                       design. 2 operation for synchrotron radiation Accounting for
                                       29.6%, 1888 hours was offered to synchrotron radiation which is the
                                       most operation time up to now, in synchrotron mode, the maximum
                                       current achieved 120-130mA with 20-30 hours lifetime. 293 BSRF
                                       experiment tasks is completed. On the whole, beam quality and
                                       operation efficiency is satisfied. 3 machine studies Total machine
                                       studies time is 556.9 hours in last periods, in order to ensure the
                                       operation of BES and synchrotron, less time is used to study the
                                       machine. As for the storage ring, the machine studies focused on
                                       the following question, PEI experiment, BBA, RF system three
Ph. Duru, ESRF    MINIMIZING       The ESRF has been in operation for more than 10 years. In addition
                  RADIATION        to the day-to-day effort brought to improve the beam availability and
                  AND BEAM         the mean time between failures, a particular attention is paid to fulfil
                  LOSSES AT        the Radiationprotection regulations and to understand the physical
                  ESRF             mechanisms of losses. The role of the Operator regarding the
                                   safety issues is of major importance and therefore many tools and
                                   procedures have been implemented to give him the possibility to
                                   ensure the operation of the accelerators in the safest condition.
                                   Monitoring of parameters, diagnostics tools, losses localisation
                                   means and beam interlocks have been developed and are
                                   operational from the Control Room. Various measures have also
                                   been taken to minimise the risk of radiation losses such as injection
                                   efficiency improvement, additional shielding on equipment and
                                   infrastructure, research and development on vacuum vessel
                                   material, pumping means and baking procedure, scheduling of
                                   operating modes. Particular procedures to be strictly observed in
                                   case of abnormal lifetime drop or vacuum pressure alarms have
                                   been created. As a result of all these efforts made to improve the
Michael A Epps,   User Interface   When developing specialized tools for operations, physicists or
TJNAF             Design:          other programmers the most important thing to remember about
                  Considerations interface design is to know your end customer, their level of
                  When             knowledge of the subject, and their work environment. Here I will
                  Developing for   discuss some of the special software tools that have been
                  Operations       developed by and for the operations group at Jefferson lab.

T. Eriksson       Beam quality     The CERN Antiproton Decelerator (AD) has now reached a stable
                  monitoring at    mode of operation, regularly delivering batches of 100 MeV/c
                  the CERN         antiprotons to the ATRAP, ATHENA and ASACUSA collaborations.
                  Antiproton       Experience during the commissioning and initial physics runs
                  Decelerator      revealed difficulties in achieving design goals and maintaining
                  (AD)             stable performance levels. This paper will deal with the specific
                                   difficulties in monitoring and improving beam quality in a slow
                                   cycling machine operating with low beam intesities of a few 107
M.J. Borden, D.H.     Minimization of The Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring (PSR) was designed to
Fitzgerald, R.J. Macek, Beam Losses    operate with a hands-on maintenance program. Thus, PSR
and M.A. Plum, Los    and Operating    operation has been loss-limited since the beginning of operation in
Alamos National       Experience at    1985. The desire for increased beam intensities in the ring has
Laboratory            PSR              driven a program of loss reduction and minimization of worker
                                       exposure to ionizing radiation from activated components. We will
                                       present the three main thrusts of this program and discuss results.
                                       An important facet of the program has been the effort to identify the
                                       sources of beam loss and to make quantitative measurements of
                                       both beam loss and the resulting activation of components.
                                       Secondly, we will discuss loss-reduction measures taken over the
                                       past 17 years, with an emphasis on the upgrade to direct H-
                                       injection. Finally, we will present highlights of exposure-
                                       minimization efforts, including improvements in equipment reliability,
T. Fukui and M.       A Video          We of radiation-resistant materials, system using web camera for
                                       use developed the video monitoring and adoption of quick-change
Kodera, SPring-8      Monitoring       SPring-8 accelerator tunnel. It replaced old system to consist of
                      System for       video cameras and video switchers. The old one was not
                      SPring-8         convenient because a video display and location of cameras were
                      Accelerator      fixed. The web camera is able to move any location if it could
                      Tunnel           connect to a network. Also we can see pictures on any PC and
                                       workstation using the web browser.
                      Design of the    We designed a control room to keep quiet as a office and
                      Spring-8         coordinate furniture with ergonomics. Also we talk about a plasma
                      control room -   display stand to display the alarm information.
                      How to make
                      comfortable
                      working space.
                       How We Do       Construction began in 1999 on the Spallation Neutron Source by
                       Business at     the U.S. Department of Energy at a total cost of $1.4 billion. It is
                       SNS             being installed and commissioned in phases. When fully operational
                                       in 2006, the accelerator (comprised a warm and superconducting
                                       Linac, Accumulator Ring and transport lines) will produce a 1.4 MW,
                                       1 GeV proton beam to spallate nuclei in a liquid mercury target –
                                       resulting in most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world for
                                       scientific research and industrial development.The planned
                                       transition from commissioning to operation is discussed, with the
                                       corresponding development of the Operations staff, Conduct of
                                       Operations, and tools (e.g. Operations Procedures Manual,
                                       Electronic Logbook, Maintenance Management System) necessary




Kiminori Goto          Maintenance     HiSOR is a synchrotron light source constructed at Hiroshima
                       and             Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University in FY1996.
                       improvement of After some improvement, upgrade and tuning, the storage current
                       the             of the HiSOR was up to 200mA in May 2000. As the stored current
                       Synchrotron     increased more and vacuum degree was better by repeating
                       Radiation       degassing operation, the beam instability problem at injection and at
                       Source HiSOR    acceleration was severer. At present, changing the operation point
                                       at injection and updating the tracking pattern at acceleration from
                                       150MeV to 700MeV is only a way to suppress the beam instability
                                       of the HiSOR. In near future, we will get approval from the radiation
                                       protection authority for the operation with 350mA. Then we are
David W. Green, Jr.,   HOW WE DO       getting ready foris staffed of the HiSOR in by the to operate stably.
                                       The accelerator upgrade 24 hours a day order MCC Operations
Thomas Jefferson       BUSINESS IN     Group. Shift rotations are for seven days on shift, followed by
National Accelerator   ACCELERATO seven days off shift. A shift typically consists of a Crew Chief and
Facility               R               two operators. Personnel spend 70% of time on shift and 30% off
                       OPERATIONS      shift. The off shift time is utilized for meetings, training and
                       AT TJNAF        individual projects. Individual projects can consist of hardware or
                                       software development, training, documentation development or
Hamamoto, Donna      Poster          The Beamline Coordination group works in conjunction with the
                     Abstract: How   Acceleration Operations group to meet the varied needs of
                     we do           experimenters and ensures safety on the Advanced Light Source
                     business,       experimental floor. Accelerator Operators perform some of the
                     Safety          duties of Beamline Coordinators on evening and owl shifts. The
                                     history of Beamline Coordinators is interesting because Accelerator
                                     Operators originally performed these duties and then a separate
                                     group was formed with Operators taking over on off shifts. Each
                                     experiment that runs at the ALS is reviewed by safety inspectors
                                     who cover mechanical, electrical, vacuum, radiation and
                                     Environmental Health and Safety issues. Beamline Coordinators
                                     arrange and assist in these inspections. Beamline Coordination
                                     and Accelerator Operations provide a wide variety of services to the
                                     ALS experimenters and Beamline Scientists. Some of the calls
                                     include:   x requests for beamline keyenables       x requests to
                                     valves, photon stops and personnel safety shutters      x requests to
                                     trouble shoot problems with the opening of valves and shutters,
                                     x requests for chemicals and gases x questions on how to dispose
                              This talk will waste x questions about safety and facilities
HARDYLaurent, ESRF ACCELERATO of hazardoussummarize the topics presented at the Accelerator
                     R               Reliability Workshop held in Grenoble in February 2002. Following
                     RELIABILITY -   a pioneering period during which the major concern of accelerator
                     AVAILABILITY    physicists was to achieve the highest intensity as well as explore
                                     the largest range of energy, accelerators quickly became a tool at
                                     the service of a wide community. Accelerators started to be used
                                     for medical and industrial purposes. Now, a single accelerator can
                                     also serve a wide range of Users at the same time (X-rays
                                     sources). Reaching a high Mean Time Between Failure as well as
                                     high availability became a constraint for such Machines. Various
                                     spallation neutron sources are upgraded. The idea of using them for
                                     transmutation processes or in the long term, to replace the
                                     conventional nuclear reactors, has now been comprehensively
                                     studied. Besides pure accelerator physics considerations, it is now
                                     agreed that the reliability of these accelerators must be drastically
                                     improved with respect to the present situation. Through concrete
S.Hojo, Y. Sakamoto,     Operation and    The NIRS-Chiba isochronous cyclotron has been working in
K. Kohno, N.             some             routinely, and providing the stable beams for bio-medical studies
Miyahara, T. Honma       improvements     and various kinds of related experiments since 1975. The clinical
and S. Yamada,           at NIRS          trail of eye melanoma has been under continued. Two new beam
National Institute of    cyclotron facility lines have been constructed in order to carry out the bio-physical
Radiological Sciences,                    study, and to produce the long-lived R.I.s for SPECT. Some
4-9-1, Anagawa, Inage-                    improvements, such as development of control system using “Lab
ku, Chiba 263-5888,                       View” for new axial injection line and external beam lines.
JAPAN, T.Okada,
K.Komatsu , H.Yumoto
and H. Ogawa.
Accelerator
Engineering
M. Iima, H. Yonezu, H. Management         Large Helical Device (LHD) is the largest super conducting plasma
Hayashi, S. Moriuchi,    and Operation    confinement device in the world. The plasma volume is 30m3, and
K. Yasui, T.kondo, N.    method at LHD the volume of the cryostat is 800m3. The operation period is one
Suzuki, K. Ooba, A.                       period in a year. It started the vacuum pumping of the cryostat and
Sekiguchi, K. Okada,                      plasma vacuum vessel. The coil cooling down takes about 25 days.
I.Ohtake, Operator                        The experimental period is about 5 month, and One month for warm
groupe, Device                            up of the coils. This presentation will introduce the management of
Operation groupe,                         LHD and our operation experiences in these five years.
Hitoshi Imaseki,         Beam             The scanning microbeam PIXE (Particle Induced X-ray Emission)
Masae Yukawa,            alignment of     analysis allows identifying the several surface elements and taking
Takahiro Ishikawa,       scanning         the high-resolution elemental maps of the specimen at a time, by
Hiroyuki Iso, Tsuyoshi   microbeam        using the narrow beam downed the size to 1 micrometer and the
Hamano, National         PIXE analysis    maximum scanning area of 2mm square. We are applying this
Institute of             system in NIRS system to the elements and the structure analysis for bio-cells and
Radiological Sciencies Electrostatic      environmental specimens. The most important procedure to obtain
                         Accelerator      the high-resolution maps is increasing spatial resolution of the
                         Facility         microbeam. We diagnose the resolution by using Scanning
                                          Transmission Ion Microscopy (STIM) and PIXE images of the
P. F. Ingrassia,         Maintaining the 12.5um pitch copper mesh. In this workshop, we introduce our
                                         The Accelerator Safety Envelope (ASE) defines boundaries for
Collider Accelerator     Accelerator      accelerator operation that may not be exceeded. Examples of
Department,              Safety           parameters that are limited by the ASE include beam intensity and
Accelerator Division     Envelope         particle loss, the radiation safety access control system, the fire
                                          protection system, and control room staffing. This talk will focus on
                                          BLAM, the Beam Loss Accounting Manager, a novel approach that
                                          is used to monitor beam loss at RHIC, the Relativistic Heavy Ion
                       Report on
                       Recent
                       Workshop on
                       Global
                       Accelerator
                       Network
Akifumi ITANO,         Operation of     PATRO (Particle Accelerator for Therapy, Radiology and Oncology)
Takashi AKAGI, Akio    Medical          is a medical accelerator facility for hadrontherapy (Particle therapy
HIGASHI, HIBMC,        Accelerator      of cancer) at Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center (HIBMC). It consists
Syuuzo FUKUSHIMA,      PATRO at         of two 10 GHz ECR ion sources, 1 MeV/u RFQ linac, 5 MeV/u
Atsushi FUJITA,        Hyogo Ion        Alvarez linac, synchrotron, high-energy beam transport system and
Mitsubishi Electric    Beam Medical     patient irradiation system. Beam particles for therapy are proton
Corp., Yasuo HONDA, Center              (230 MeV) and carbon (320 MeV/u). We started the beam
Hidenori ISA, Kazuto                    commissioning and the tuning of irradiation system in 2000. We
NISHIKIGOURI,                           performed the clinical trials (60 patients) with proton and carbon
Accelerator                             beams from May 2001 until July 2002. We operated the accelerator
Engineering Corp.                       for about 11,000 hours since the beginning of the beam tuning until
                                        the end of the clinical trials and for about 5,000 hours during the
                                        clinical trials. No serious troubles happened during the clinical trials.

Qiao Weimin, Jing      Design of        We stability up the reproducibility of the beams were HIRFL-CSR
                                        The have set andour new Central Control Room for our well proved.

Lan, Ma Yunhai         Central Control Facility.The consideration about the layout and operation is
                       Room of          discussed in this paper. It include following sectons:
                       HIRFL-CSR                        1. Function Partitions
                                                          2. Operation and Display
                                                            3. Ergonomics Consideration
Rita Jones, Advanced   Catching It      The ALS Procedure Center creates the operational procedures for
Light Source           Before It        the facility. ALS staff can access the preventive maintenance (PM)
Procedure Center,      Breaks ・・PM procedures, checklists, and test schedules on the Procedure Center
Lawrence Berkeley      Program at the web site. On maintenance days, occurring every other week, these
National Laboratory,   ALS              documents are used to carry out maintenance tasks on unique (one-
Berkeley, California                    of-a-kind) equipment and critical systems to prevent lost beam time.
                                         PM chores on a typical maintenance day will be presented,
                                        highlighting examples of procedures and checklists used on the
                                        different systems and the roles and responsibilities of ALS
N.Kamikubota,          Control          The amount of the control transactions handled by an accelerator
K.Furukawa,            Transactions of control system is a fundamental parameter for long-term
T.Suwada and           the KEKB         maintenance of the control system. This article gives the detailed
M.Satoh, High Energy   Linac during     information on this parameter of the KEK injector-linac during 1997-
Accelerator Research   the KEKB         2002. The increase of transactions in recent years is discussed with
Organization (KEK)     Commissioning respect to the KEKB commissioning activities.

Emanuel Karantzoulis   Synchrotron      Availability and reliability is a big issue of great importance for
                       light sources    synchrotron light source with 600 - 6000 users per year for about
                       reliability      5000 hours of machine time for user experiments. Definitions are
                                        presented discussed and analysis of the reliabilities of some
                                        machines is shown. Conclusions are drawn as to what components
                                        contribute most to the down time and what is to be done.


A. Bogomyagkov, D.     Machine          The VEPP-4 complex, comprising injector, VEPP-3 storage ring and
Filimonov, S. Karnaev, operations       VEPP-4M collider, provides electron and positron beams for
E. Kremyanskaya, S.    statistics on the different experiments in parallel. Due to implementation Linux-
Mishnev, E. Simonov,   VEPP-4           based machines in the VEPP-4 Control System the vast statistics
S. Smirnov, D.         complex          are available and are used for the analysis of the stability and
Shatilov, V. Zorin                      reliability of the machines. The improvement of the Control System
                                        allowed us to successfully accomplish the precision experiment of
                                        measuring of the J/psi- and psi'-meson masses. Now the
                                        experiment of tau-lepton mass measuring is being prepared on the
                                        VEPP-4 complex in which the analysis of the machine parameters
                                        will play a vital part. The paper reviews an opportunity for data
Tadamichi Kawakubo     The troubles     acquisition in the VEPP-4 Control System. Machine operations
and Hikaru Sato, KEK   from Radiation
                       Dose in KEK-
                       PS
Takanori Kondo, Naoki OPERATIONAL HIMAC, Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba, has been used for
Shinozaki, Noriyuki                      cancer therapy, physics and biology experiments since 1994.
Sasaki, Tomoaki Takei PERFORMANC Accelerator Engineering Corporation, (AEC), has been carrying out
(AEC), *Satoru           E OF HIMAC      operation and maintenance of HIMAC under the auspices of NIRS.
Yamada, *Eiichi          AND CANCER The present status of operational performance, maintenance, and
Takada(*NIRS) MIT
Shannon Krause,          THERAPY of
                         Automation      schedule are reported.
                                         This presentation will focus on the Automation of tasks performed
Bates Linear             Accelerator     by Accelerator Operations. This includes the types, requirements,
Accelerator Center       Operations      and process of automation as well as the pros and cons. Various
                                         examples of automation will be presented from both the Bates and
                                         Jefferson Laboratories. The talk will conlude with a discussion of
                                         the Bates Automated Ring Fill software which will completely
                                         automate the standard beam delivery process for both Operations
                                         and the Experimenters.
Pradeep Kumar,           Operation Of    INDUS-1 is a 450 MeV electron storage ring for the production of
V.Bhatnagar,             INDUS-1,        the synchrotron radiation in VUV range with a critical wavelength of
A.A.Fakhri, P.Fatnani,   India's First   61 Angstrom. The ring was commissioned in June 1999. Since then
A.D.Ghodke,              Synchrotron     the ring is in regular operation. This Synchrotron Radiation Source
R.K.Gupta,               Radiation       (SRS) consists of a 20 MeV Microtron, a 450 MeV Booster
P.R.Hannurkar,           Source          Synchrotron and a Storage ring. In this paper operation aspects of
P.Kant,
Larry Longcoy, MIT       Bates History   Bates History will be presented.
                                         INDUS-1 SRSof Operations
                         of Operations

Jacque H. Ludwig,        Maintenance at Maintenance at Jefferson Lab is largely driven by the experiment
Jefferson Lab.           Jefferson Lab   schedule; two major maintenance and/or upgrade periods are
                                         generally scheduled each year. Unscheduled maintenance
                                         involves critical repairs which cannot be deferred to a scheduled
                                         accelerator down. Scheduled maintenance includes deferred and
                                         preventative maintenance as well as planned modifications and
                                         upgrades to the accelerator. This talk will focus on JLAB's




                                         At Fermilab we have 2 hr necessary repair periods, 8 to 12 hour
                                         shutdowns and multiweek shutdowns. The problem is how to
                                         communicate the goals and plans of a shutdown, coordinate the
                                         work, and ensure that only approved work gets done. This talk will
                                         address the aspects of coordinating, communicating, planning, and
                                         controlling shutdowns and the role Operations plays in these
                         Review on
                         Remote
                         Operation




Salman Miliebari,        Twenty years     The Cs-30 cyclotron at KFSH&RC has been running for more than
Salam Rahma,Ahmed        of CS-30         twenty years for Radiopharmaceuticals production and Neutron
Al-Ghaith,Wellem Van     Cyclotron        therapy, we are going to present the history of our operations,
Heerden,and Faisal al- operation,maint maintenance, and developments. We had many challenges due to
Rumyan                   enance,and       being away from quick technical support.
                         developmennts

H. Nakabushi, Y.         Recruit/Training Accelerator Engineering Corporation (AEC) is a private company,
Sano, C. Kobayashi       of AEC           which is charged with the operations of HIMAC (Heavy Ion Medical
and H. Tsubuku,          Personnels for   Accelerator in Chiba) accelerator complex. Our major jobs are the
Accelerator Div.,        Operations of    accelerator operation and maintenance services, but also are
Accelerator              HIMAC Facility included technical supports of user's irradiation experiments, cancer
Engineering                               therapy and relating treatment planning. The necessary
Corporation (AEC)                         technologies are widely spread due to such various support jobs.
                                          And, because most of the personnels have different backgrounds
                                          and are usually not accelerator-related, recruitment and personnel
                                          training are therefore important and urgent problem, being still
Y. Nakamura, T. Nara, Operation and       Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application
T. Agematsu, I.          Maintenance      (TIARA) facility at JAERI Takasaki was constructed to promote the
Ishibori, S. Kurashima, for JAERI AVF     various researches of wide field for materials science and
M. Fukuda, S.            Cyclotron        biotechnology. The AVF cyclotron system, which is the one of four
Okumura, K. Arakawa, System               ion accelerators in TIARA, has been smoothly operated without any
N. Miyawaki, K.                           serious troubles since the first beam extraction in March 1991. The
Yoshida, and S. Tajima                    operation time for a year is about 3200 hours on an average
                                          through recent 8 years. In especially, the cyclotron system is
                                          needed the frequent alteration of operation condition according to
                                          many kinds of ion species required from the experimenters. On the
                                          other hand, because of the improvement of the beam quality,
                                          intensity and reliability, we have carried out continuously so far
                                          many reconstruction and development, several items of which are
                                          the renewal of a computer control system, reinforcement of the ion
                                          source, acceleration technique for some series of cocktail beams,
                                          stabilization of the cyclotron beam and design of a new gradient
                                          corrector including an active coil. Furthermore, now we are
                                          advancing various countermeasure to form the micro beam of 1
                                          micron-meter size by means of focused type, such as the
                                          introduction of a flat-top acceleration system, reconstruction of the
S. Ninomiya, T. Saito,   Ultra stable      Ultra-precise beams have been successfully accelerated up to 392
H. Tamura and K.         magnetic field    MeV in the RCNP cyclotron complex. It is found that stability of a
Sato, Research Center of the RCNP          magnetic field is essential. The temperature of an iron core have
for Nuclear              cyclotron         been stabilized by controlling the temperature of the cooling water
Physics(RCNP),           complex for       for coils. Now we can keep the constant magnetic field within the
Osaka Univ.              high resolution   order of 10-6 and ultra-precise beams are kept for a long time
                         beam operation without any tuning of cyclotron parameters.
Tom Noone                Radiation      One of the issues that face all high energy beam accelerators is
                         Safety            that of active component replacement. This can arise through
                         pertaining to     failure of components, the need to carry out maintenance or
                         active            upgrading of systems to increase output efficiency. During the year
                         component         2001/2 RAL undertook a major upgrade on the most active area of
                         replacement.      the ISIS accelerator ring, "straight 1". This section of the ISIS
                                           accelerator contains a collector system for containing lost beam
                                           during injection and the beam extraction components. The case for
                                           carrying out this work was driven by several aspects of machine
                                           operation: component failure, lack of purpose built shielding, high
                                           downstream activity levels, original design restrictions causing
                                           beam clipping and the need for re-designing several components to
                                           meet the needs of future intensity upgrades.
T. Ohshima               Trial lectures    In case of SPring-8, accelerator operators are working in three
                         for accelerator   shifts of eight hours. They are making the scheduled beam injection
                         operators in      to storage ring, routine measurement of operation parameters such
                         SPring-8          as COD, betatron tune, bunch current of stored beam and so on.
                                           They are keeping a watch on operational state every time. In case
                                           of something wrong, they will take measures to meet the situation.
                                           New comer of operator begin to work with an experienced one to
                                           learn sequence of beam injection, how to deal with Graphical User
                                           Interface and so on. In addition, we organize preliminary lectures on
                                           accelerator for operators. Topics done in the lectures are RF
                                           system, vacuum system, magnet system, monitors, beam
                                           diagnostics, accelerator and beamline control system etc. The
                                           contents of the lecture can be seen by web browser again and
                                           again. It is useful for operators to understand the SPring-8 facility
                                           and details of their work because some of them are not familiar to
Alan Biocca, David      Upgrading to   The use of an online (electronic) Operations Log (in place of a
Richardson, LBNL        an Online      hardcopy log) and the use of an online Message Board (for
                        Operations Log Operators and Controls Personnel) can improve communications
                        & Message      considerably. This presentation is designed to review the
                        Board          advantages of these two tools. Designing an online Operations Log
                                       that is user-friendly and that meets an accelerator's legal and
                                       practical requirements is quite a challenge. Permanent storage of
                                       entries, irreversability, searchability, remote accessibility are among
                                       the important criteria for a successful online Operations Log.
                                       Creating an online Message Board for ideas, suggestions, and
                                       resources can also improve the interaction of an Operations Group.
                                        The software involved in developing both these tools is not
                                       especially complex, and the improvement in reliability and efficiency
S. Richter, W. Barth,   Improving      of operations is well worth the effort. of the Universal Linear
                                       The GSI accelerator facility consists
B. Franczak,            Beam Set-Up    Accelerator (UNILAC), the heavy ion synchrotron SIS and the
U.Scheeler, D. Wilms    using an       Experimental Storage Ring (ESR). Two UNILAC injectors serve
                        Online Beam    diverse purposes. The High Current Injector (HSI) provides high
                        Optics Tool    intense but short pulses, whereas the High Charge State Injector
                                       (HLI) supplies long pulses with a high duty factor of up to 30 %.
                                       Before entering the Alvarez section of the UNILAC the ion beam
                                       from the HSI is stripped in a supersonic gas jet. Up to three different
                                       ion species can be accelerated for up to five experiments in a time-
                                       sharing mode. Frequent changes of beam energy and intensity
                                       during a single beam time period may result in time consuming set-
                                       up and tuning especially of the beam-transport-lines. To shorten
                                       these changeover times an online optics tool (MIRKO EXPERT)
                                       has been developed. This software tool is used in the high energy
                                       as well in the low and medium energy beam transport lines. Based
                                       on online emittan! ce measurements at well defined locations the
                                       beam envelopes are calculated by reading the actual magnet
                                       settings. The visualization of the beam envelopes helps to better
                                       understand the beam dynamics. Results of fitting procedures can
                                       be directly sent to the magnet power supplies. The program is able
                                       to read profile grid measurements, so that an automated beam
                                       alignment is established and steering times are minimized.
                                       Experiences with this tool will be reported. At the UNILAC special
                                       focus is put on high current operation with short but intense beam
                                       pulses. Limitations such as missing nondestructive beam
Hiroyasu Akagi*,        Present Status   The RARF (RIKEN Accelerator Research Facility) has an
Tomonori Ohki*, Eiji    and the          accelerator complex consisting of the K540 RIKEN Ring Cyclotron
Ikezawa and Masayuki Operation of        (RRC) as a main accelerator and its two injectors; frequency
Kase, RIKEN, * RIKEN the RIKEN           variable RIKEN heavy-ion linac (RILAC) and K70 AVF Cyclotron
SAS Operator Group      Accelerator      (AVF). The RRC together with the AVF and the RILAC have
                        Research         provided routinely a beam time of more than 4400 hours through a
                        Facility         year since 1993. Present status of the RARF operation and recent
Yoji Inata*, Yoichi     Recent           The RCNP accelerator system consists of a K400 6 sector ring
Ohe*, Hajime Saito**,   Progress         cyclotron and a K140 AVF cyclotron. Many improvements and
Shiro Ninomiya,         in High          efforts have been dedicated especially for the high resolution beam
Takane Saito and        Resolution       operation. It enables us to deliver a 420MeV He3 beam of less
Kenji Sato, RCNP ,      Beam             than 15keV resolution in the dispersion matching mode and 90keV
Osaka University, *     Operation of     resolution in the achromatic transportation mode at a target point.
RCNP SAS Operator       the RCNP Ring Optimization of flat topping in the ring cyclotron, fine tuning of the
Group, ** SHI           Cyclotron        AVF cyclotron beam with a phase slit system and the highly
Accelerator Service     System           stabilized magnet system monitored with NMR probes are the main
N. Sanguansak, S.       The              The Siam Photon Source is a second hand machine that was
Rujirawat, R.           Commissioning transferred from the SORTEC Laboratory. The high energy beam
Apiwatwaja, S.          of the Siam      transport line and storage ring have been modified to have a more
Rugmai, G. Hoyes, K.    Photon Source advanced structure in the Siam Photon Source. The successful
Hass, W. Pairsuwan                       electron storage was achieved in December 2001. At present, the
and T. Ishii                             maximum stored current is 128 mA and the beam lifetime at 100
                                         mA is 40 minutes and the data is being refined continuously. Since
                                         the original machine was built about 15 year ago, we have found
                                         various problems inherent in an old and used machine and in the
                                         infrastructure of the area during the course of the component
                                         storage the machine commissioning. In this report, the problems
                                         and their cures are described. Representative examples are
                                         degradation of machine components, defects in the original
                                         hardware system including mistakes in the circuit design, capturing
                                         of internal and external noise affecting the machine operation
Hikaru Sato, Noboru     Status of the    More than 25years passed since the KEK 12GeV-PS construction,
Tokuda, Masashi         Maintenance      some of accelerator equipments are highly radiated, especially the
Shirakata, Susumu       for the KEK      injection and the extraction equipments. In recent years, the higher
Igarasi                 12GeV-PS         intensity beam has been required for such as the long baseline
                        main ring and    neutrino oscillation experiment and rare decay experiments. Then,
                        power supply.    the circumference of the maintenance work has become severe.
                                         Further, almost equipments of main ring and power supply have
                                         deteriorated. Status of the Maintenance for the KEK 12GeV-PS
Y. Satoh and M.          CURRENT         In some Japanese large accelerator facilities for scientific research,
Tanaka, Mitsubishi       ACTIVITIES      the engineering staffs from private enterprises operate the
Electric System &        AND             accelerators as outsourcing service. Up to the present, the
Service Engineering      DIRECTIONS      requirements for our company were just the operations stably.
Co. Ltd., 2-8-8          OF THE          However, since accelerator technologies have much progressed
Umezono, Tsukuba,        OUTSOURCIN recently and the accelerators have applied to various research
Ibaraki 305-0045,        G FOR           fields, more high-level skills have required to the operators, e.g., the
Japan.                   ACCELERATO operators must be like the research assistants. In this paper, we
                         R OPERATION report our current activities and our directions to adopt the future
Dr. H. Eickhoff and U.   THERAPY     GSI is the heavy ion research center in Germany operating three
Scheeler                 OPERATION       accelerators UNILAC (linac), SIS (synchrotron) and ESR (storage
                         AT GSI          ring) on the fields of nuclear and atomic physics, plasma physics,
                                         material research and biophysics. Approximately a quarter of the
                                         6000h of the SIS operation time per year is used for cancer
                                         treatment with carbon ions at 255 different energies employing a
                                         novel raster scan method. About 150 people suffering from tumors
                                         mostly in the head region have been treated since the end of 1997.
                                         The applied scanning technique allows the direct irradiation of any
                                         shaped tumors and prevents the healthy tissue from irradiation
                                         damage. This procedure is connected to special demands
                                         concerning beam energy, beam position, focusing and intensity.
                                         The annual beam time consists of 3 beam periods with a length of
                                         27 days. Five days are reserved for commissioning and tuning, 22
                                         days for patient treatment. The integral request of the daily beam
                                         time for therapy is only about 50%. The rest of the operation time
                                         is used mostly in block mode to carry out physics experiments.
                                         Based on the requirements by the therapy operation the special
                                         technical and organizational measures for a reliable operation as
                         How the SLAC    The Operations group at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
                         Operations      operates the two-mile Linac complex to deliver 3 GeV positrons and
                         Section does    9 GeV electrons to the PEP-II B-factory storage rings, and
                         Business        optimizes colliding beams for the BaBar high energy physics
                                         experiment. In addition, electron and positron beams with energies
                                         from 30-50 GeV are frequently delivered to fixed target experiments
                                         and advanced accelerator studies in End Station A and Final Focus
                                         Test Beam facilities. This talk will give an overview of the
                                         organization and responsibilities of SLAC Operations group,
Takenori Suzuki       Practical          KEK has many types of accelerators, which can accelerate
                      Radiation          electrons, positrons and protons up to 10GeV, 3.5GeV and 12GeV,
                      Control at KEK respectively. These are the main radiation sources at KEK. The
                                         operation of these accelerator complex is producing radiation to the
                                         environment and experimental holes. The shielding design of
                                         accelerators must be done to reduce radiation dose as small as
                                         possible for radiation workers and general public during the
                                         accelerator operation. After terminating the operation, the main
                                         radiation source is created by radioactive accelerator components
                                         in the beam line tunnel. Maintenance workers is often to receive a
                                         large dose during their work inside the beam line. In order to
                                         prevent for radiation workers to receive the large dose, KEK has a
                                         design standard of accelerator shielding and a rule to control
                      Review on          radiation dose daily, weekly and yearly. In this presentation, the
                      Recruit/Training
                      of Operators




Masaru Takao, SPring- Software           Various software applications have been developed for SPring-8
8/JASRI               Applications for accelerator operations. The effectiveness of these software tools is
                      SPring-8           reported.
Violeta Toma          Accelerator
                      New Control        History of Control Room development for the various Operations
                      Room Layouts       groups at TRIUMF. Presentation of the ergonomic choices in our
                      at TRIUMF          Control Rooms.




Yan Wang, TJNAF       Software Tools To get a job well done one must have good tools. Operators at
                      Developed By       Jefferson Lab play a very important role in software tools
                      Operators          development. Working in the machine control center operators use
                                         computers to control the accelerator everyday. The operators have
                                         the first-hand experience and know exactly what they need to run
                                         the machine. Besides providing valuable information to software
                                         group the operators write code to develop new tools to fit their
                       Bio metrics in    Local key trees were installed at the counting houses to minimize
                       accelerator       the time it takes for the RHIC users to access the experimental
                       personnel         areas. To further streamline the process, iris scanners are used to
                       safety systems verify the C-AD Access training required to release the access
                                         keys. Iris scanner technology was chosen based on its high
                                         reliability rating. Its rate of false identification is a factor of a 1000
                                         lower than hand reader technology. This ensures more accurate
                                         tracking of users accessing beam enclosures. The advantages and
                                         disadvantages for using iris scanners in an experimental access
Akihiro Yamashita and Using RDBMS        SPring-8 control system depends on a relational database
Toru Ohata, SPring-8   for Accelerator   management system (RDBMS) not only for parameter storing but
                       Operation         also for logging data archiving, alarm data storing and shift
                       Assistance        scheduling. We introduce many tools which assists SPring-8
                                         operations like logging data browsing, alarm data checking, shift
                                         schedule notification by mail and cellular phone messaging and etc.
                                         Those tools were built as clients of the RDBMS. The RDBMS
                                         supplied simple and consistent way to construct those tools.
Randy Flood, C.Y.      Automatic         The Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring is a third
Yao, Greg Banks,       Software          generation X-ray synchrotron radiation user facility. Many software
Glenn Decker,          Processes at      automatic execution and correction tools have been developed to
Advanced Photon        the APS*          increase productivity and reduce potential human errors. These
Source, Argonne                          include: the injection/top-up script, Procedure Execution Manager
National Laboratory                      (PEM), orbit correction configuration and execution tool, beam
                                         steering, etc. We will present the application and benefits of these
                                         software tools. *Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy,
Chihyuan Yao, Greg     How We Do         The Advanced Energy Sciences, under Contract is third-
                                         Office of Basic Photon Source (APS) storage ringNo.aW-31-109-
Banks, Glenn Decker,   Business at       generation dedicated X-ray synchrotron radiation facility that has
Roger Klaffky          APS*              been in opertion since 1996. We report the organization of the
                                         operation team, machine performance, operation modes, user
                                         beam schedule, user interaction, and other aspects of APS
                                         operation. * Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office
                                         of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.
K. Yoshii, Y. Satoh, T.   THE             The main tasks of the operators at KEKB accelerator are safety
Kitabayashi, H. Iida, S. OPERATOR-        management, beam tuning and operation logging. In KEKB facility,
Fuke, M. Tanaka, T.       DEVELOPED       the accelerator scientists have been exploring and developing new
Kawasumi, T.              USEFUL          beam tuning methods to realize high luminosity. To master these
Aoyama, S.                TOOLS AT        new methods quickly and correctly, the operators have developed
Shimomura, K. Sugino, KEKB                some tools to help themselves by their hands. As a consequence,
T. Nakamura, T.           ACCELERATO the stable and high performance operations have realized. In this
Ohkubo, Mitsubishi        R               paper, we list the operator-developed tools and report the merits of
Electric System &                         developing the useful tools by the operators.
Service Engineering
Co. Ltd., and M.
Yoshioka, KEK, High
Energy Accelerator        HWDB




X. Yu, Y. Chen, X.        Operation and   The Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPC) serving for both high
Wang                      Performance of energy physics experiments and synchrotron radiation application
                          the Beijing     has been well operated for more than 13 years since May 1989.
                          Electron        After the luminosity upgrade program from 1999, the performance
                          Positron        and stability of the operation were much improved in recent years.
                          Collider        The peak luminosity of the BEPC has reached 5*10^30cm^-2s^-1 at
                                          J/psi energy of 1.55GeV and 1*10^31cm^-2s^-1 at psi(2S) energy
                                          of 1.84GeV respectively. Over 50 million J/psi events were
                                          accumulated in two years from Sept. 1999 and 14 million psi(2S)
                                          events have been taken in the last run from Sept. 2001 to June
                                          2002. For dedicated synchrotron radiation operation, the maximum
                                          beam current is around 120mA with lifetime over 20~30 hours. In
                                          addition, two insertion devices as well as new beamlines were
                                          installed in the last summer(2002). Besides, experimental studies
                                          for the machine development and BEPCII R&D are being carried
                                          out. Improvement on the machine operation system and the
                                          database is still under way. It's expected that BEPC will continue to
Preferen Oral/Poster Session Topic         Keywords 1   Keyword 2   Keyword 3
ce
Poster   P          10P2-1   Software or   cyclotron    visual      assistance
                             Tools or ?




Oral     O          11A2-8   Information
                             Flow




Oral     C                   Ergonomics,   Operator     decision-   optimisation
                             H/W, Layout   assistance   making      of
                                                                    accelerator
                                                                    recovery




         O          10A2-3
         O   12A1-4




Poster   P   10P2-11 Operation
Oral   O   11P1-2   radiation safety Beal losses   radiation
                                                   safety




Oral   O   14A1-5   Interface       Design




Oral   O   14A1-2   Tools           AD             beam quality Antiproton
Oral   C            Radiation    beam loss   radioactivatio measuremen
                    Safety       reduction   n           ts




Oral   O   14A1-8   Video        Web         Network
                    Monitoring




       O   11A1-3




       O   10P2-3
         O   10A2-3




         O   10P2-5




Poster   P   10P2-7   Maintenance     small lab.




Poster   P   10P2-19 How we do        TJNAF        operations   business
                      business in
                      accelerator
                      operations at
                      TJNAF
Poster   P   10P2-6   How we do
                      Business /
                      Safety




Oral     O   10P1-2   accelerator   reliability   availability
                      reliability




         O   10P2-7
Poster   P   10P2-12 Tools for
                      accelerator
                      operation




Poster   P   10P2-4   Operation        Large Helical   Plasma       Cryostat
                      Large SC-coils   Device          Experiment




Poster   P   10P2-16 The scanning      PIXE            microbeam
                      microbeam
                      PIXE




Oral     O   11P2-1   Radaiation       software        BLAM         safety
                      Safety                                        envelope
         O   10P2-4




         O   14A2-2




Poster   P   10P2-2   Medical         hadrontherapy commissioni operation
                      Accelerator                  ng           and
                                                                maintenance




Oral     O   11A1-1   Central Control Central      Function     Operation
                      Room of         Control      Partition    and Display
                      HIRFL-CSR




         O   10P2-1
Poster   P   10P2-3   Maintenance




Poster   P   10P2-10 Reliability,        Control         maintenance Transaction
                      Availability and
                      Serviceability




Oral     O   10P1-1   10P1               light sources   reliability




Poster   P   10P2-24 Accelerator         Stability       operations    data
                      Operation          analysis        schedule      acquisition




Oral     O   11P2-2   The troubles       KEK PS          machine       radiation
                      from Radiation                     trouble       dose
                      Dose in KEK-
                      PS
Poster   P   10P2-13 How we do        How we do     HIMAC          AEC
                      business        business




Oral     O   14A1-1   Automation      software      Bates          Jefferson




         O   10A2-4   Operation of    Synchrotron   Acceleration Storage
                      INDUS-1         Radiation
                      electron
                      storage ring



Poster   P   10P2-8   Bates History
                      of Operations

Oral     O   12A1-2   Maintenance at maintenance    preventative
                      Jefferson Lab




         O   10P2-6




         O   12A1-1
         O   14A2-1




Poster   P   10P2-14 Maintenance      cyclotron      radiopharma maintenance
                                                     ceuticals




Oral     O   12A2-1   Recruit/Training Recruit/Trainin HIMAC     AEC
                                      g




Oral     O   10A2-1   Flat-top        operation      maintenance improvement
                      acceleration
                      system
Poster   P   10P2-15 Accelerator        cyclotron   high         magnetic
                      system                        resolution   field
                      operation                     beam




Oral     O   11P1-3   Radiation         Radiation   active       component
                      safety issues     safety      components replacement
                      associated with
                      operating and
                      maintaining
                      intense beam
                      accelerators




Oral     O   12A2-2   Training
Oral   O   14A1-6   Upgrading to     Online   Operations   Log
                    an Online
                    Operations Log
                    & Message
                    Board




       O   14A1-4
Poster   P   10P2-17 How we do         Ring Cyclotron Accelerator   Heavy Ion
                      business                        Complex




Poster   P   10P2-18 How we do         Ring Cyclotron Accelerator   High
                      business                        Complex       Resolution
                                                                    Beam




Poster   P   10P2-23 How We Do
                      Business




Oral     O   12A1-3   maintenance in maintenance      radioactive   beam
                      the high         work           equipment     extraction
                      radiation area
Poster   P   10P2-21 Cooperation       outsourcing   private
                       with controls                 enterprises
                       people




Poster   P   10P2-5    How we do       carbon        sharing
                       Business/       therapy       operation
                       Remote
                       operation




         O   10A1-2




         O   10P2-10
         O   10P2-2




Oral     O   11P1-1   Radiation      Radiation    Radiation     Radiation
                      Safety         safety       Dose          Control




         O   12A2-3




Oral     O   14A1-7   Tools          GUI          Synchrotron
                                                  Radiation
                                                  Facility
Oral     O   11A1-2   Control Room   Ergonomics
                      Layout




Poster   P   10P2-22 Tools for
                      accelerator
                      operation
10P2     O   11P2-3




Oral     O   14A1-3   Tools       database       web         mail




Poster   P   10P2-20 Automation   Storage Ring   Automatic   APS
                                                 Processes




Oral     O   10A1-4   How we do   APS            Operation   Synchrotron
                      business                               Light Source
Poster   P   10P2-9   Tools for       operator-   high
                      accelerator     developed   performance
                      operation       tools       operations




         O   10A1-1




         O   10P2-9




Poster   O   10A1-3   Operation and   Electron-   luminosity
                      Performance of Positron     upgrade
                      BEPC            Collinder
No.   Family Name   First Name            E-mail           Institute
032     KONDO        Takanori       aec_opeg@nirs.go.jp    Accelerator
                                                           Engineering
                                                           Corporation



047   NAKABUSHI     Hiromitsu    nakabushi@aec-beam.co.jp Accelerator
                                                           Engineering
                                                           Corporation




008     JONES          Rita         RCJones@LBL.gov        Advanced Light
                                                           Source,
                                                           Lawrence
                                                           Berkeley
                                                           National
                                                           Laboratory



018   HAMAMOTO       Donna          djhamamoto@lbl.gov     ALS / LBNL
041    BANKS       Greg      gbanks@aps.anl.gov   ANL




042     YAO       Chihyuan    cyao@aps.anl.gov    ANL




043     YAO       Chihyuan    cyao@aps.anl.gov    ANL




020   INGRASSIA    Peter     ingrassia@bnl.gov    BNL




062   INGRASSIA    Peter                          BNL




072   INGRASSIA    Peter                          BNL
069   WILLIAMS   Neville                            BNL




050   KARNAEV    Serguei     karnaev@inp.nsk.su     Budker
                                                    Institute of
                                                    Nuclear
                                                    Physics




070    KUMAR     Pradeep   pksharma@cat.ernet.in    CAT




 *      BATZ      Mario      Mario.Batz@cern.ch     CERN




011   ERIKSSON   Tommy     tommy.eriksson@cern.ch   CERN
064   MARKUS   Alberto                          CERN




 *             Tommy                            CERN




002   NOONE     Tom      t.noone@rl.ac.uk       CLRC
                                                Rutherford
                                                Appleton
                                                Laboratory




051   BIELER   Michael         bieler@desy.de   DESY




052   BIELER   Michael         bieler@desy.de   DESY
029    DURU     Philippe   duru@esrf.fr    ESRF




028   HARDY     Laurent    hardy@esrf.fr   ESRF




065   HARDY     Laurent                    ESRF




059   JOHNSON    Dan                       FNAL
053    Mau      Robert                      FNAL




071    MAU      Robert                      FNAL




017   RICHTER   Simone   S.Richter@gsi.de   GSI
016   SCHEELER    Uwe             u.scheeler@gsi.de     GSI




019    GOTO      Kiminori      goto@hiroshima-u.ac.jp   Hiroshima
                                                        Synchrotron
                                                        Radiation
                                                        Center,
                                                        Hiroshima
                                                        University




005    ITANO     Akifumi    a.itano@shingu.hyogo.jp     Hyogo Ion
                                                        Beam Medical
                                                        Center
026   CHEN   Yanwei     chenyw@mail.ihep.ac.cn   IHEP, CAS




027    YU    Xianming    yuxm@mail.ihep.ac.cn    IHEP, CAS
001     JING       Lan       jing@impcas.ac.cn             Institute of
                                                           Modern
                                                           Physics,
                                                           Chinese
                                                           Academy of
                                                           Sciences
021   NAKAMURA   Yoshiteru     nakamura@taka.jaeri.go.jp   JAERI




003   AGEMATSU   Takashi     agematsu@taka.jaeri.go.jp     Japan Atomic
                                                           Energy
                                                           Research
                                                           Institute
024   KAMIKUBOTA   Norihiko    Norihiko.Kamikubota@kek.jp KEK




057   KAWAKUBO     Tadamichi                              KEK




034     SATO        Hikaru         hikaru.sato@kek.jp     KEK




048     SUZUKI     Takenori      takenori.suzuki@kek.jp   KEK




054    YOSHIOKA    Masakazu                               KEK




066    YOSHIOKA    Masakazu                               KEK
033    MILIEBARI   Salman    salman@kfshrc.edu.sa   KFSHRC




009   RICHARDSON   David     dbrichardson@lbl.gov   Lawrence
                                                    Berkeley
                                                    National
                                                    Laboratory




 *    FITZGERALD    Dan         fitzg@lanl.gov      Los Alamos
                                                    National
                                                    Laboratory




044     SATOH      Yoshimi   yosatoh@post.kek.jp    MESSEC
004   KRAUSE    Shannon   krause@mit.edu           MIT Bates
                                                   Linear
                                                   Accelerator
                                                   Center




022   LONGCOY    Larry         llongcoy@mit.edu    MIT Bates
                                                   Linear
                                                   Accelerator
023    YOSHII    Kenzi         kenzi@post.kek.jp   Mitsubishi
                                                   Electric
                                                   System &
                                                   service
                                                   Engineering
                                                   Co. Ltd.




010     IIMA    Masashi         iima@nifs.ac.jp    National
                                                   Institute for
                                                   Fusion Science




031    HOJO     Satoru         s_hojo@nirs.go.jp   NIRS
036     IMASEKI    Hitoshi        h_ima@nirs.go.,jp    NIRS




068     TAKADA      Eiichi                             NIRS




049   SANGUANSAK   Nuanwan      nuanwan@nsrc.or.th     NSRC




061      GEAR       Peter                              RAL




035    NINOMIYA     Shiro    ninomiya@rcnp.osaka-u.ac.jp RCNP
037      SAITO      Hajime        Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp        SHIAS




038      SAITO      Hajime        Hzm_Saito@shi.co.jp        SHIAS




007   KARANTZOULI   Emanuel   karantzoulis@elettra.trieste.it Sincrotrone
           S                                                 Trieste -
                                                             ELETTRA




055     SCHUH        Peter                                   SLAC




060     STANEK      Michael                                  SLAC
056   GIANNELLA    Mario                            SNS-Oak Ridge




063   GIANNELLA    Mario                            SNS-Oak Ridge




073     FUKUI      Toru                             SPring-8




012   OHSHIMA     Takashi   ohshima@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8




014    TAKAO      Masaru     takao@spring8.or.jp    SPring-8
013   YAMASHITA   Akihiro    aki@spring8.or.jp    SPring-8




015     FUKUI      Toru     fukui@spring8.or.jp   SPring-8/JASRI




046     EPPS      Michael     epps@jlab.org       TJNAF




039    GREEN      David      davicg@jlab.org      TJNAF




030    LUDWIG     Jacque     ludwig@jlab.org      TJNAF




067    SPATA       Mike                           TJNAF
045   WANG    Yan        ywang@jlab.org    TJNAF




040   TOMA   Violeta   Violeta@TRIUMF.CA   TRIUMF
      Fax       Authors                Title
+81-43-251-6623 Takanori Kondo, Naoki OPERATIONAL
                Shinozaki, Noriyuki
                Sasaki, Tomoaki Takei PERFORMANC
                (AEC), *Satoru         E OF HIMAC
                Yamada, *Eiichi        AND CANCER
 043-251-6623   Takada(*NIRS)
                H. Nakabushi, Y.       THERAPY
                                       Recruit/Training
                Sano, C. Kobayashi     of AEC
                and H. Tsubuku,        Personnels for
                Accelerator Div.,      Operations of
                Accelerator            HIMAC Facility
                Engineering
                Corporation (AEC)




+1-510-486-4102 Rita Jones, Advanced   Catching It
                Light Source           Before It
                Procedure Center,      Breaks
                Lawrence Berkeley      ・・PM
                National Laboratory,   Program at the
                Berkeley, California   ALS



+1-510-486-4102 Hamamoto, Donna        Poster
                                       Abstract: How
                                       we do
                                       business,
                                       Safety
                 Greg Banks, APS        Managing
                 Main Control Room      communication
                 Supervisor             in the main
                                        control room




+1-630-252-5703 Randy Flood, C.Y.       Automatic
                 Yao, Greg Banks,       Software
                 Glenn Decker,          Processes at
                 Advanced Photon        the APS*
                 Source, Argonne
                 National Laboratory



+1-630-252-5703 Chihyuan Yao, Greg      How We Do
                Banks, Glenn Decker,    Business at
                Roger Klaffky           APS*




+1-631-344-5676 P. F. Ingrassia,        Maintaining the
                Collider Accelerator    Accelerator
                Department,             Safety
                 Accelerator Division   Envelope




                                        Report on
                                        Recent
                                        Workshop on
                                        Global
                                        Accelerator
                                        Network
                                         Bio metrics in
                                         accelerator
                                         personnel
                                         safety systems




+7-3832-342-163 A. Bogomyagkov, D.     Machine
                Filimonov, S. Karnaev, operations
                E. Kremyanskaya, S.      statistics on the
                Mishnev, E. Simonov,     VEPP-4
                S. Smirnov, D.           complex
                Shatilov, V. Zorin




 0731-2488000   Pradeep Kumar,           Operation Of
                V.Bhatnagar,             INDUS-1,
                A.A.Fakhri, P.Fatnani,   India's First
                A.D.Ghodke,              Synchrotron
                R.K.Gupta,               Radiation
                P.R.Hannurkar,           Source
+41-22-767-8910 P.Kant, - CERN
                M. Batz                  Task Oriented
                                         Operator
                                         Interfaces at
                                         CERN's
                                         Technical
                                         Control Room




+41-22-767-9145 T. Eriksson              Beam quality
                                         monitoring at
                                         the CERN
                                         Antiproton
                                         Decelerator
                                         (AD)
(44) 1235 445701 Tom Noone             Radiation
                                       Safety
                                       pertaining to
                                       active
                                       component
                                       replacement.




 +49-40-8994-   Michael Bieler, DESY   How we do
     3805                              business at
                                       DESY




 +49-40-8994-   Michael Bieler, DESY   Maintenance at
     3805                              HERA
+33-4-7688-2054 Ph. Duru, ESRF   MINIMIZING
                                 RADIATION
                                 AND BEAM
                                 LOSSES AT
                                 ESRF




+33-4-7688-2054 HARDYLaurent, ESRF ACCELERATO
                                   R
                                 RELIABILITY -
                                 AVAILABILITY
                                       Review on
                                       Remote
                                       Operation




+49-6159-71-   S. Richter, W. Barth,   Improving
   2987        B. Franczak,            Beam Set-Up
               U.Scheeler, D. Wilms    using an
                                       Online Beam
                                       Optics Tool
+49-6159-71-   Dr. H. Eickhoff and U.   THERAPY
   2104        Scheeler                 OPERATION
                                        AT GSI




0824-24-6294   Kiminori Goto            Maintenance
                                        and
                                        improvement of
                                        the
                                        Synchrotron
                                        Radiation
                                        Source HiSOR




0791-58-2600   Akifumi ITANO,           Operation of
               Takashi AKAGI, Akio      Medical
               HIGASHI, HIBMC,          Accelerator
               Syuuzo FUKUSHIMA,        PATRO at
               Atsushi FUJITA,     Hyogo Ion
               Mitsubishi Electric Beam Medical
               Corp., Yasuo HONDA, Center
               Hidenori ISA, Kazuto
               NISHIKIGOURI,
               Accelerator
               Engineering Corp.
+86-10-8823-   Chen Yanwei          STATUS OF
   6190                             BEPC2001-
                                    2002
                                    OPERATION




+86-10-8823-   X. Yu, Y. Chen, X.   Operation and
    6190       Wang                 Performance of
                                    the Beijing
                                    Electron
                                    Positron
                                    Collider
+86-931-496-   Qiao Weimin, Jing        Design of
   9351        Lan, Ma Yunhai           Central Control
                                        Room of
                                        HIRFL-CSR



027-346-9690   Y. Nakamura, T. Nara, Operation and
               T. Agematsu, I.       Maintenance
               Ishibori, S. Kurashima, for JAERI AVF
               M. Fukuda, S.        Cyclotron
               Okumura, K. Arakawa, System
               N. Miyawaki, K.
               Yoshida, and S. Tajima




027-346-9690   T. Agematsu, K.          An Operator
               Arakawa, S. Okumura,     Assistance
               Y. Nakamura and S.       System for
               Tajima                   Beam
                                        Adjustment of
                                        a JAERI AVF
                                        Cyclotron
0298-64-7529   N.Kamikubota,          Control
               K.Furukawa,            Transactions of
               T.Suwada and           the KEKB
               M.Satoh, High Energy   Linac during
               Accelerator Research   the KEKB
               Organization (KEK)     Commissioning

029-864-5591   Tadamichi Kawakubo     The troubles
               and Hikaru Sato, KEK   from Radiation
                                      Dose in KEK-
                                      PS



0298-64-5591   Hikaru Sato, Noboru    Status of the
               Tokuda, Masashi        Maintenance
               Shirakata, Susumu      for the KEK
               Igarasi                12GeV-PS
                                      main ring and
                                      power supply.



029-864-4051   Takenori Suzuki        Practical
                                      Radiation
                                      Control at KEK




                                      HWDB
9661-442-4743 Salman Miliebari,        Twenty years
                Salam Rahma,Ahmed      of CS-30
                Al-Ghaith,Wellem Van Cyclotron
                Heerden,and Faisal al- operation,maint
                Rumyan                 enance,and
                                       developmennts

+1-510-486-4102 Alan Biocca, David     Upgrading to
                Richardson, LBNL       an Online
                                       Operations Log
                                       & Message
                                       Board




+1-505-665-2509 M.J. Borden, D.H.      Minimization of
                Fitzgerald, R.J.       Beam Losses
                Macek, and M.A.        and Operating
                Plum, Los Alamos       Experience at
                National Laboratory    PSR




                Y. Satoh and M.        CURRENT
                Tanaka, Mitsubishi     ACTIVITIES
                Electric System &      AND
                Service Engineering    DIRECTIONS
                Co. Ltd., 2-8-8        OF THE
                Umezono, Tsukuba,      OUTSOURCIN
                Ibaraki 305-0045,      G FOR
                Japan.                 ACCELERATO
                                       R OPERATION
+1-617-253-9599 Shannon Krause, MIT     Automation of
                Bates Linear            Accelerator
                Accelerator Center      Operations




                Larry Longcoy, MIT      Bates History
                                        of Operations

                K. Yoshii, Y. Satoh, T. THE
                Kitabayashi, H. Iida, S. OPERATOR-
                Fuke, M. Tanaka, T.     DEVELOPED
                Kawasumi, T.            USEFUL
                Aoyama, S.              TOOLS AT
                Shimomura, K.           KEKB
                Sugino, T. Nakamura,    ACCELERATO
                T. Ohkubo, Mitsubishi   R
                Electric System &
                Service Engineering
                Co. Ltd., and M.
                Yoshioka, KEK, High
 0572-58-2614   M. Iima,Accelerator H. Management
                Energy H. Yonezu,
                Hayashi, S. Moriuchi, and Operation
                K. Yasui, T.kondo, N. method at LHD
                Suzuki, K. Ooba, A.
                Sekiguchi, K. Okada,
                I.Ohtake, Operator
                groupe, Device
                Operation groupe,
 043-287-6146   S.Hojo, Y. Sakamoto,    Operation and
                K. Kohno, N.            some
                Miyahara, T. Honma      improvements
                and S. Yamada,          at NIRS
                National Institute of  cyclotron facility
                Radiological Sciences,
                4-9-1, Anagawa, Inage-
                ku, Chiba 263-5888,
                JAPAN, T.Okada,
                K.Komatsu , H.Yumoto
                and H. Ogawa.
                Accelerator
                Engineering
+81-43-253-5597 Hitoshi Imaseki,          Beam
                 Masae Yukawa,            alignment of
                 Takahiro Ishikawa,       scanning
                 Hiroyuki Iso, Tsuyoshi   microbeam
                 Hamano, National         PIXE analysis
                 Institute of           system in
                 Radiological Sciencies NIRS
                                          Electrostatic
                                          Accelerator
                                          Facility
                                          Review on
                                          Recruit/Training
                                          of Operators




+66-44-217047 N. Sanguansak, S.           The
              Rujirawat, R.               Commissioning
              Apiwatwaja, S.              of the Siam
              Rugmai, G. Hoyes, K.        Photon Source
              Hass, W. Pairsuwan
                 and T. Ishii




+81-6-6879-8899 S. Ninomiya, T. Saito,    Ultra stable
                 H. Tamura and K.         magnetic field
                 Sato, Research Center of the RCNP
                 for Nuclear           cyclotron
                 Physics(RCNP),        complex for
                 Osaka Univ.              high resolution
                                          beam operation
+81-3-5488-8321 Hiroyasu Akagi*,         Present Status
                 Tomonori Ohki*, Eiji    and the
                 Ikezawa and Masayuki Operation of
                 Kase, RIKEN, *       the RIKEN
                 RIKEN SAS Operator Accelerator
                 Group                   Research
                                         Facility
+81-3-5488-8321 Yoji Inata*, Yoichi      Recent
                 Ohe*, Hajime Saito**,   Progress
                 Shiro Ninomiya,         in High
                 Takane Saito and        Resolution
                 Kenji Sato, RCNP ,      Beam
                 Osaka University, *     Operation of
                 RCNP SAS Operator       the RCNP Ring
                 Group, ** SHI           Cyclotron
                 Accelerator Service     System
 +39-040-375-    Emanuel Karantzoulis    Synchrotron
     8565                                light sources
                                         reliability




                                         How the SLAC
                                         Operations
                                         Section does
                                         Business
                                      How We Do
                                      Business at
                                      SNS




                                      Design of the
                                      Spring-8
                                      control room -
                                      How to make
                                      comfortable
                                      working space.
0791-58-0850   T. Ohshima             Trial lectures
                                      for accelerator
                                      operators in
                                      SPring-8




0791-58-0850   Masaru Takao, SPring- Software
               8/JASRI               Applications for
                                     SPring-8
                                      Accelerator
 0791-58-0850    Akihiro Yamashita and Using RDBMS
                 Toru Ohata, SPring-8   for Accelerator
                                        Operation
                                        Assistance




 0791-58-0851    T. Fukui and M.        A Video
                 Kodera, SPring-8       Monitoring
                                        System for
                                        SPring-8
                                        Accelerator
                                        Tunnel

                 Michael A Epps,        User Interface
                 TJNAF                  Design:
                                        Considerations
                                        When
                                        Developing for
                                        Operations

+1-757-269-7049 David W. Green, Jr.,    HOW WE DO
                Thomas Jefferson        BUSINESS IN
                National Accelerator    ACCELERATO
                 Facility               R
                                        OPERATIONS
                                        AT TJNAF

+1-757-269-7049 Jacque H. Ludwig,       Maintenance at
                Jefferson Lab.          Jefferson Lab
                Yan Wang, TJNAF   Software Tools
                                  Developed By
                                  Operators




+1-604-222-7520 Violeta Toma      New Control
                                  Room Layouts
                                  at TRIUMF
Abstract                                                               Preferen Oral/Poster Session
HIMAC, Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba, has been used for ce
                                                                 Poster         P          10P2-13
cancer therapy, physics and biology experiments since 1994.
Accelerator Engineering Corporation, (AEC), has been carrying out
operation and maintenance of HIMAC under the auspices of NIRS.
The present status of operational performance, maintenance, and
schedule are reported. Corporation (AEC) is a private company,
Accelerator Engineering                                                Oral     O          12A2-1
which is charged with the operations of HIMAC (Heavy Ion Medical
Accelerator in Chiba) accelerator complex. Our major jobs are the
accelerator operation and maintenance services, but also are
included technical supports of user's irradiation experiments,
cancer therapy and relating treatment planning. The necessary
technologies are widely spread due to such various support jobs.
And, because most of the personnels have different backgrounds
and are usually not accelerator-related, recruitment and personnel
training are therefore important and urgent problem, being still
The ALS Procedure Center creates the operational procedures for Poster          P          10P2-3
the facility. ALS staff can access the preventive maintenance (PM)
procedures, checklists, and test schedules on the Procedure
Center web site. On maintenance days, occurring every other
week, these documents are used to carry out maintenance tasks on
unique (one-of-a-kind) equipment and critical systems to prevent
lost beam time. PM chores on a typical maintenance day will be
presented, highlighting examples of procedures and checklists
usedBeamline Coordination group works in conjunction with the of
The on the different systems and the roles and responsibilities        Poster   P          10P2-6
Acceleration Operations group to meet the varied needs of
experimenters and ensures safety on the Advanced Light Source
experimental floor. Accelerator Operators perform some of the
duties of Beamline Coordinators on evening and owl shifts. The
history of Beamline Coordinators is interesting because Accelerator
Operators originally performed these duties and then a separate
group was formed with Operators taking over on off shifts. Each
experiment that runs at the ALS is reviewed by safety inspectors
who cover mechanical, electrical, vacuum, radiation and
Environmental Health and Safety issues. Beamline Coordinators
arrange and assist in these inspections. Beamline Coordination
and Accelerator Operations provide a wide variety of services to the
ALS experimenters and Beamline Scientists. Some of the calls
include: x requests for beamline keyenables   x requests to
valves, photon stops and personnel safety shutters   x requests to
trouble shoot problems with the opening of valves and shutters,
x requests for chemicals and gases x questions on how to dispose
of hazardous waste     x questions about safety and facilities
How we (here at the APS) provide information regarding                  Oral     O   11A2-8
operational issues, maintenance, training, and safety issues. * I
was informed of this submission at the last moment, so the content
noted above is just off the top of my head*




The Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring is a third                Poster   P   10P2-20
generation X-ray synchrotron radiation user facility. Many software
automatic execution and correction tools have been developed to
increase productivity and reduce potential human errors. These
include: the injection/top-up script, Procedure Execution Manager
(PEM), orbit correction configuration and execution tool, beam
steering, etc. We will present the application and benefits of these
software tools. *Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy,
Office of Basic Photon Source (APS) storage ringNo.aW-31-109-
The Advanced Energy Sciences, under Contract is third-                  Oral     O   10A1-4
generation dedicated X-ray synchrotron radiation facility that has
been in opertion since 1996. We report the organization of the
operation team, machine performance, operation modes, user
beam schedule, user interaction, and other aspects of APS
operation. * Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office
of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.
The Accelerator Safety Envelope (ASE) defines boundaries for            Oral     O   11P2-1
accelerator operation that may not be exceeded. Examples of
parameters that are limited by the ASE include beam intensity and
particle loss, the radiation safety access control system, the fire
protection system, and control room staffing. This talk will focus on
BLAM, the Beam Loss Accounting Manager, a novel approach that
is used to monitor beam loss at RHIC, the Relativistic Heavy Ion
                                                                                 O   10P2-4




                                                                                 O   14A2-2
Local key trees were installed at the counting houses to minimize            10P2     O   11P2-3
the time it takes for the RHIC users to access the experimental
areas. To further streamline the process, iris scanners are used to
verify the C-AD Access training required to release the access
keys. Iris scanner technology was chosen based on its high
reliability rating. Its rate of false identification is a factor of a 1000
lower than hand reader technology. This ensures more accurate
tracking of users accessing beam enclosures. The advantages and
disadvantages for using iris scanners in an experimental access
The VEPP-4 complex, comprising injector, VEPP-3 storage ring                 Poster   P   10P2-24
and VEPP-4M collider, provides electron and positron beams for
different experiments in parallel. Due to implementation Linux-
based machines in the VEPP-4 Control System the vast statistics
are available and are used for the analysis of the stability and
reliability of the machines. The improvement of the Control System
allowed us to successfully accomplish the precision experiment of
measuring of the J/psi- and psi'-meson masses. Now the
experiment of tau-lepton mass measuring is being prepared on the
VEPP-4 complex in which the analysis of the machine parameters
will play a vital part. The paper reviews an opportunity for data
acquisition in the VEPP-4 Control System. Machine production of
INDUS-1 is a 450 MeV electron storage ring for the operations                         O   10A2-4
the synchrotron radiation in VUV range with a critical wavelength of
61 Angstrom. The ring was commissioned in June 1999. Since then
the ring is in regular operation. This Synchrotron Radiation Source
(SRS) consists of a 20 MeV Microtron, a 450 MeV Booster
Synchrotron and a Storage ring. In this paper operation aspects of
INDUS-1 SRS will be presented.
Computerised monitoring systems lead to an increasing flood of               Oral     C
information that operators need to assess and react on. The
presentation of system states and alarms strictly oriented to the
operator's tasks, is crucial for a correct decision-making process
and efficiency of operation. At CERN, the Technical Control Room
(TCR) in collaboration with the accelerator control rooms is
implementing monitoring applications that assist operators in the
optimisation of accelerator recovery after breakdowns. Studies are
on going to generalise the underlying engineering method and the
resulting monitoring tools to any task in the TCR. This extension will
support the operator in the overall prioritising of conflicting activities
and interests. Aspects Decelerator (AD) has now reached a safety,
The CERN Antiproton such as personal and environmental stable                Oral     O   14A1-2
mode of operation, regularly delivering batches of 100 MeV/c
antiprotons to the ATRAP, ATHENA and ASACUSA collaborations.
 Experience during the commissioning and initial physics runs
revealed difficulties in achieving design goals and maintaining
stable performance levels. This paper will deal with the specific
difficulties in monitoring and improving beam quality in a slow
cycling machine operating with low beam intesities of a few 107
                                                                             O   10P2-6




One of the issues that face all high energy beam accelerators is      Oral   O   11P1-3
that of active component replacement. This can arise through
failure of components, the need to carry out maintenance or
upgrading of systems to increase output efficiency. During the year
2001/2 RAL undertook a major upgrade on the most active area of
the ISIS accelerator ring, "straight 1". This section of the ISIS
accelerator contains a collector system for containing lost beam
during injection and the beam extraction components. The case for
carrying out this work was driven by several aspects of machine
operation: component failure, lack of purpose built shielding, high
downstream activity levels, original design restrictions causing
beam clipping and the need for re-designing several components to
meet the needs of future intensity upgrades.
DESY is one of the larger accelerator labs in the world with three           O   10A2-3
linacs, two synchrotrons and three storage rings. All these
machines are operated from one control room. The operators at
DESY are recruited from the technical support groups and are
doing shifts for roughly a third of their monthly work time.
Advantages and disadvantages of this unusual model will be
HERA is a big proton-electron collider with a circumference of 6km           O   12A1-4
at the DESY lab in Hamburg, Germany. The machine was
commissioned in 1991. The age of the machine and the big number
of components make it necessary to ad some preventive
maintenance to the usual scheme of event triggered repairs. In this
talk I will describe the way maintenance is organized at HERA.
The ESRF has been in operation for more than 10 years. In                Oral   O   11P1-2
addition to the day-to-day effort brought to improve the beam
availability and the mean time between failures, a particular
attention is paid to fulfil the Radiationprotection regulations and to
understand the physical mechanisms of losses. The role of the
Operator regarding the safety issues is of major importance and
therefore many tools and procedures have been implemented to
give him the possibility to ensure the operation of the accelerators
in the safest condition. Monitoring of parameters, diagnostics tools,
losses localisation means and beam interlocks have been
developed and are operational from the Control Room. Various
measures have also been taken to minimise the risk of radiation
losses such as injection efficiency improvement, additional
shielding on equipment and infrastructure, research and
development on vacuum vessel material, pumping means and
baking procedure, scheduling of operating modes. Particular
procedures to be strictly observed in case of abnormal lifetime drop
or vacuum pressure alarms have been created. As a result of all
This talk will summarize the topics presented at the Accelerator     Oral       O   10P1-2
Reliability Workshop held in Grenoble in February 2002. Following
a pioneering period during which the major concern of accelerator
physicists was to achieve the highest intensity as well as explore
the largest range of energy, accelerators quickly became a tool at
the service of a wide community. Accelerators started to be used
for medical and industrial purposes. Now, a single accelerator can
also serve a wide range of Users at the same time (X-rays
sources). Reaching a high Mean Time Between Failure as well as
high availability became a constraint for such Machines. Various
spallation neutron sources are upgraded. The idea of using them
for transmutation processes or in the long term, to replace the
conventional nuclear reactors, has now been comprehensively
studied. Besides pure accelerator physics considerations, it is now
agreed that the reliability of these accelerators must be drastically
improved with respect to the present situation. Through concrete
                                                                                O   10P2-7




                                                                                O   10P2-1
At Fermilab we have 2 hr necessary repair periods, 8 to 12 hour       O   12A1-1
shutdowns and multiweek shutdowns. The problem is how to
communicate the goals and plans of a shutdown, coordinate the
work, and ensure that only approved work gets done. This talk will
address the aspects of coordinating, communicating, planning, and
controlling shutdowns and the role Operations plays in these
                                                                      O   14A2-1




The GSI accelerator facility consists of the Universal Linear         O   14A1-4
Accelerator (UNILAC), the heavy ion synchrotron SIS and the
Experimental Storage Ring (ESR). Two UNILAC injectors serve
diverse purposes. The High Current Injector (HSI) provides high
intense but short pulses, whereas the High Charge State Injector
(HLI) supplies long pulses with a high duty factor of up to 30 %.
Before entering the Alvarez section of the UNILAC the ion beam
from the HSI is stripped in a supersonic gas jet. Up to three
different ion species can be accelerated for up to five experiments
in a time-sharing mode. Frequent changes of beam energy and
intensity during a single beam time period may result in time
consuming set-up and tuning especially of the beam-transport-
lines. To shorten these changeover times an online optics tool
(MIRKO EXPERT) has been developed. This software tool is used
in the high energy as well in the low and medium energy beam
transport lines. Based on online emittan! ce measurements at well
defined locations the beam envelopes are calculated by reading the
actual magnet settings. The visualization of the beam envelopes
helps to better understand the beam dynamics. Results of fitting
procedures can be directly sent to the magnet power supplies.
The program is able to read profile grid measurements, so that an
automated beam alignment is established and steering times are
minimized. Experiences with this tool will be reported. At the
UNILAC special focus is put on high current operation with short
but intense beam pulses. Limitations such as missing
GSI is the heavy ion research center in Germany operating three             Poster   P   10P2-5
accelerators UNILAC (linac), SIS (synchrotron) and ESR (storage
ring) on the fields of nuclear and atomic physics, plasma physics,
material research and biophysics. Approximately a quarter of the
6000h of the SIS operation time per year is used for cancer
treatment with carbon ions at 255 different energies employing a
novel raster scan method. About 150 people suffering from tumors
mostly in the head region have been treated since the end of 1997.
The applied scanning technique allows the direct irradiation of any
shaped tumors and prevents the healthy tissue from irradiation
damage. This procedure is connected to special demands
concerning beam energy, beam position, focusing and intensity.
The annual beam time consists of 3 beam periods with a length of
27 days. Five days are reserved for commissioning and tuning, 22
days for patient treatment. The integral request of the daily beam
time for therapy is only about 50%. The rest of the operation time
is used mostly in block mode to carry out physics experiments.
Based on the requirements by the therapy operation the special
technical and organizational measures for a reliable operation as
HiSOR is a synchrotron light source constructed at Hiroshima                Poster   P   10P2-7
Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University in FY1996.
After some improvement, upgrade and tuning, the storage current
of the HiSOR was up to 200mA in May 2000. As the stored current
increased more and vacuum degree was better by repeating
degassing operation, the beam instability problem at injection and
at acceleration was severer. At present, changing the operation
point at injection and updating the tracking pattern at acceleration
from 150MeV to 700MeV is only a way to suppress the beam
instability of the HiSOR. In near future, we will get approval from
the radiation protection authority for the operation with 350mA.
Then we are getting ready for upgrade of Radiology in order to
PATRO (Particle Accelerator for Therapy,the HiSOR and Oncology) Poster               P   10P2-2
is a medical accelerator facility for hadrontherapy (Particle therapy
of cancer) at Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center (HIBMC). It consists
of two 10 GHz ECR ion sources, 1 MeV/u RFQ linac, 5 MeV/u
Alvarez linac, synchrotron, high-energy beam transport system and
patient irradiation system. Beam particles for therapy are proton
(230 MeV) and carbon (320 MeV/u). We started the beam
commissioning and the tuning of irradiation system in 2000. We
performed the clinical trials (60 patients) with proton and carbon
beams from May 2001 until July 2002. We operated the accelerator
for about 11,000 hours since the beginning of the beam tuning until
the end of the clinical trials and for about 5,000 hours during the
clinical trials. No serious troubles happened during the clinical trials.
The stability and the reproducibility of the beams were well proved.
BEPC operation made a great progress in the 2001-2002 year. The Poster       P   10P2-11
total operation time was 6372 hours, in which 2473 hours are for
high energy physics experiments, 1888 hours for the synchrotron
radiation application, 837 hours for the injection, 173 hours for the
breakdown, 402 hours for hardware maintenance and regulation,
and 556 hours for the machine studies, respectively. Compared
with last year, the total operation time exceeded the operation
plan by 348 hours because of the high operation efficiency.     1
operation for high energy physics Operation for the high energy
physics account for the 38.8%. while BES operating at the
resonance peak of ??(2s)?????(3770), the maximum current
achieved 90mA. Due to the effort of operation group, many record
such as peak luminary were broken. 14.63 million hadron case
was collected compared with the plan which is 14 million.
Meanwhile 168 hours was offered to the 10th experiment hall for
the BES?? design. 2 operation for synchrotron radiation
Accounting for 29.6%, 1888 hours was offered to synchrotron
radiation which is the most operation time up to now, in
synchrotron mode, the maximum current achieved 120-130mA with
20-30 hours lifetime. 293 BSRF experiment tasks is completed.
On the whole, beam quality and operation efficiency is satisfied. 3
machine studies Total machine studies time is 556.9 hours in last
periods, in order to ensure the operation of BES and synchrotron,
less time is used to study the machine. As for the storage ring, the
machine studies focused on the following question, PEI experiment,
The Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPC) serving for both high Poster   O   10A1-3
energy physics experiments and synchrotron radiation application
has been well operated for more than 13 years since May 1989.
After the luminosity upgrade program from 1999, the performance
and stability of the operation were much improved in recent years.
The peak luminosity of the BEPC has reached 5*10^30cm^-2s^-1
at J/psi energy of 1.55GeV and 1*10^31cm^-2s^-1 at psi(2S)
energy of 1.84GeV respectively. Over 50 million J/psi events were
accumulated in two years from Sept. 1999 and 14 million psi(2S)
events have been taken in the last run from Sept. 2001 to June
2002. For dedicated synchrotron radiation operation, the maximum
beam current is around 120mA with lifetime over 20~30 hours. In
addition, two insertion devices as well as new beamlines were
installed in the last summer(2002). Besides, experimental studies
for the machine development and BEPCII R&D are being carried
out. Improvement on the machine operation system and the
database is still under way. It's expected that BEPC will continue to
We have set up our new Central Control Room for our HIRFL-CSR         Oral    O   11A1-1
Facility.The consideration about the layout and operation is
discussed in this paper. It include following sectons:
                1. Function Partitions
                  2. Operation and Display
                    3. Ergonomics Consideration
Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application          Oral    O   10A2-1
(TIARA) facility at JAERI Takasaki was constructed to promote the
various researches of wide field for materials science and
biotechnology. The AVF cyclotron system, which is the one of four
ion accelerators in TIARA, has been smoothly operated without any
serious troubles since the first beam extraction in March 1991. The
operation time for a year is about 3200 hours on an average
through recent 8 years. In especially, the cyclotron system is
needed the frequent alteration of operation condition according to
many kinds of ion species required from the experimenters. On the
other hand, because of the improvement of the beam quality,
intensity and reliability, we have carried out continuously so far
many reconstruction and development, several items of which are
the renewal of a computer control system, reinforcement of the ion
source, acceleration technique for some series of cocktail beams,
stabilization of the cyclotron beam and design of a new gradient
corrector including an active coil. Furthermore, now we are
advancing various countermeasure to form the micro beam of 1
micron-meter size by means of focused type, such as the
Cyclotron start-up operations require dozens reconstruction
introduction of a flat-top acceleration system, of adjustable of the Poster   P   10P2-1
parameters to be tuned to maximize extracted beam current.
Experienced operators perform this process through trial and error
using their experience and intuition. However, the process is
difficult for inexperienced operators because operator need to
adjust parameters using little information such as measured beam
data, alarm, status of components, and so on. We have developed
a computer-based visual assistance system for JAERI AVF
cyclotron. The system provides a CRT display: the cyclotron beam
trajectories, feasible setting regions, search traces and the beam
envelopes for external beam transport designed to optimize beam
parameter adjustment. The evaluation experiment for the system
was carried out and the operation time to reach required beam
conditions of the injection region of the cyclotron was reduced by
approximately 65%. Also the system is very useful to study the
The amount of the control transactions handled by an accelerator       Poster   P   10P2-10
control system is a fundamental parameter for long-term
maintenance of the control system. This article gives the detailed
information on this parameter of the KEK injector-linac during 1997-
2002. The increase of transactions in recent years is discussed with
respect to the KEKB commissioning activities.

                                                                       Oral     O   11P2-2




More than 25years passed since the KEK 12GeV-PS construction,          Oral     O   12A1-3
some of accelerator equipments are highly radiated, especially the
injection and the extraction equipments. In recent years, the higher
intensity beam has been required for such as the long baseline
neutrino oscillation experiment and rare decay experiments. Then,
the circumference of the maintenance work has become severe.
Further, almost equipments of main ring and power supply have
deteriorated. Status of the Maintenance for the KEK 12GeV-PS
KEK has many types of accelerators, which can accelerate             Oral       O   11P1-1
electrons, positrons and protons up to 10GeV, 3.5GeV and 12GeV,
respectively. These are the main radiation sources at KEK. The
operation of these accelerator complex is producing radiation to the
environment and experimental holes. The shielding design of
accelerators must be done to reduce radiation dose as small as
possible for radiation workers and general public during the
accelerator operation. After terminating the operation, the main
radiation source is created by radioactive accelerator components
in the beam line tunnel. Maintenance workers is often to receive a
large dose during their work inside the beam line. In order to
prevent for radiation workers to receive the large dose, KEK has a
design standard of accelerator shielding and a rule to control
radiation dose daily, weekly and yearly. In this presentation, the              O   10A1-1




                                                                                O   10P2-9
The Cs-30 cyclotron at KFSH&RC has been running for more than           Poster   P   10P2-14
twenty years for Radiopharmaceuticals production and Neutron
therapy, we are going to present the history of our operations,
maintenance, and developments. We had many challenges due to
being away from quick technical support.



The use of an online (electronic) Operations Log (in place of a         Oral     O   14A1-6
hardcopy log) and the use of an online Message Board (for
Operators and Controls Personnel) can improve communications
considerably. This presentation is designed to review the
advantages of these two tools. Designing an online Operations Log
that is user-friendly and that meets an accelerator's legal and
practical requirements is quite a challenge. Permanent storage of
entries, irreversability, searchability, remote accessibility are among
the important criteria for a successful online Operations Log.
Creating an online Message Board for ideas, suggestions, and
resources can also improve the interaction of an Operations Group.
 The software involved in developing both these tools is not
especially complex, and the improvement in reliability and efficiency
of operations is well worth the effort. (PSR) was designed to
The Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring                                      Oral     C
operate with a hands-on maintenance program. Thus, PSR
operation has been loss-limited since the beginning of operation in
1985. The desire for increased beam intensities in the ring has
driven a program of loss reduction and minimization of worker
exposure to ionizing radiation from activated components. We will
present the three main thrusts of this program and discuss results.
An important facet of the program has been the effort to identify the
sources of beam loss and to make quantitative measurements of
both beam loss and the resulting activation of components.
Secondly, we will discuss loss-reduction measures taken over the
past 17 years, with an emphasis on the upgrade to direct H-
injection. Finally, we will present highlights of exposure-
minimization efforts, including improvements in equipment
In some Japanese large accelerator facilities for scientific research, Poster    P   10P2-21
the engineering staffs from private enterprises operate the
accelerators as outsourcing service. Up to the present, the
requirements for our company were just the operations stably.
However, since accelerator technologies have much progressed
recently and the accelerators have applied to various research
fields, more high-level skills have required to the operators, e.g.,
the operators must be like the research assistants. In this paper, we
report our current activities and our directions to adopt the future
This presentation will focus on the Automation of tasks performed      Oral     O   14A1-1
by Accelerator Operations. This includes the types, requirements,
and process of automation as well as the pros and cons. Various
examples of automation will be presented from both the Bates and
Jefferson Laboratories. The talk will conlude with a discussion of
the Bates Automated Ring Fill software which will completely
automate the standard beam delivery process for both Operations
and the Experimenters.
Bates History of Operations                                            Poster   P   10P2-8


The main tasks of the operators at KEKB accelerator are safety         Poster   P   10P2-9
management, beam tuning and operation logging. In KEKB facility,
the accelerator scientists have been exploring and developing new
beam tuning methods to realize high luminosity. To master these
new methods quickly and correctly, the operators have developed
some tools to help themselves by their hands. As a consequence,
the stable and high performance operations have realized. In this
paper, we list the operator-developed tools and report the merits of
developing the useful tools by the operators.




Large Helical Device (LHD) is the largest super conducting plasma      Poster   P   10P2-4
confinement device in the world. The plasma volume is 30m3, and
the volume of the cryostat is 800m3. The operation period is one
period in a year. It started the vacuum pumping of the cryostat and
plasma vacuum vessel. The coil cooling down takes about 25 days.
The experimental period is about 5 month, and One month for
warm up of the coils. This presentation will introduce the
management of LHD and our operation experiences in these five
The NIRS-Chiba isochronous cyclotron has been working in            Poster      P   10P2-12
routinely, and providing the stable beams for bio-medical studies
and various kinds of related experiments since 1975. The clinical
trail of eye melanoma has been under continued. Two new beam
lines have been constructed in order to carry out the bio-physical
study, and to produce the long-lived R.I.s for SPECT. Some
improvements, such as development of control system using “Lab
View” for new axial injection line and external beam lines.
The scanning microbeam PIXE (Particle Induced X-ray Emission)         Poster   P   10P2-16
analysis allows identifying the several surface elements and taking
the high-resolution elemental maps of the specimen at a time, by
using the narrow beam downed the size to 1 micrometer and the
maximum scanning area of 2mm square. We are applying this
system to the elements and the structure analysis for bio-cells and
environmental specimens. The most important procedure to obtain
the high-resolution maps is increasing spatial resolution of the
microbeam. We diagnose the resolution by using Scanning
Transmission Ion Microscopy (STIM) and PIXE images of the
12.5um pitch copper mesh. In this workshop, we introduce our                   O   12A2-3




The Siam Photon Source is a second hand machine that was              Poster   P   10P2-23
transferred from the SORTEC Laboratory. The high energy beam
transport line and storage ring have been modified to have a more
advanced structure in the Siam Photon Source. The successful
electron storage was achieved in December 2001. At present, the
maximum stored current is 128 mA and the beam lifetime at 100
mA is 40 minutes and the data is being refined continuously. Since
the original machine was built about 15 year ago, we have found
various problems inherent in an old and used machine and in the
infrastructure of the area during the course of the component
storage the machine commissioning. In this report, the problems
and their cures are described. Representative examples are
degradation of machine components, defects in the original
hardware system including mistakes in the circuit design, capturing
of internal and external noise affecting the machine operation
                                                                               O   10P2-3




Ultra-precise beams have been successfully accelerated up to 392      Poster   P   10P2-15
MeV in the RCNP cyclotron complex. It is found that stability of a
magnetic field is essential. The temperature of an iron core have
been stabilized by controlling the temperature of the cooling water
for coils. Now we can keep the constant magnetic field within the
order of 10-6 and ultra-precise beams are kept for a long time
without any tuning of cyclotron parameters.
The RARF (RIKEN Accelerator Research Facility) has an                 Poster   P   10P2-17
accelerator complex consisting of the K540 RIKEN Ring Cyclotron
(RRC) as a main accelerator and its two injectors; frequency
variable RIKEN heavy-ion linac (RILAC) and K70 AVF Cyclotron
(AVF). The RRC together with the AVF and the RILAC have
provided routinely a beam time of more than 4400 hours through a
year since 1993. Present status of the RARF operation and recent
The RCNP accelerator system consists of a K400 6 sector ring     Poster        P   10P2-18
cyclotron and a K140 AVF cyclotron. Many improvements and
efforts have been dedicated especially for the high resolution beam
operation. It enables us to deliver a 420MeV He3 beam of less
than 15keV resolution in the dispersion matching mode and 90keV
resolution in the achromatic transportation mode at a target point.
Optimization of flat topping in the ring cyclotron, fine tuning of the
AVF cyclotron beam with a phase slit system and the highly
stabilized magnet system monitored with NMR probes are the main
Availability and reliability is a big issue of great importance for    Oral    O   10P1-1
synchrotron light source with 600 - 6000 users per year for about
5000 hours of machine time for user experiments. Definitions are
presented discussed and analysis of the reliabilities of some
machines is shown. Conclusions are drawn as to what
components contribute most to the down time and what is to be
done.
The Operations group at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center                     O   10A1-2
operates the two-mile Linac complex to deliver 3 GeV positrons and
9 GeV electrons to the PEP-II B-factory storage rings, and
optimizes colliding beams for the BaBar high energy physics
experiment. In addition, electron and positron beams with energies
from 30-50 GeV are frequently delivered to fixed target experiments
and advanced accelerator studies in End Station A and Final Focus
Test Beam facilities. This talk will give an overview of the
organization and responsibilities of SLAC Operations group,                    O   10P2-2
Construction began in 1999 on the Spallation Neutron Source by                 O   10A2-3
the U.S. Department of Energy at a total cost of $1.4 billion. It is
being installed and commissioned in phases. When fully
operational in 2006, the accelerator (comprised a warm and
superconducting Linac, Accumulator Ring and transport lines) will
produce a 1.4 MW, 1 GeV proton beam to spallate nuclei in a liquid
mercury target – resulting in most intense pulsed neutron beams in
the world for scientific research and industrial development.The
planned transition from commissioning to operation is discussed,
with the corresponding development of the Operations staff,
Conduct of Operations, and tools (e.g. Operations Procedures
Manual, Electronic Logbook, Maintenance Management System)
                                                                               O   10P2-5




We designed a control room to keep quiet as a office and                       O   11A1-3
coordinate furniture with ergonomics. Also we talk about a plasma
display stand to display the alarm information.




In case of SPring-8, accelerator operators are working in three         Oral   O   12A2-2
shifts of eight hours. They are making the scheduled beam injection
to storage ring, routine measurement of operation parameters such
as COD, betatron tune, bunch current of stored beam and so on.
They are keeping a watch on operational state every time. In case
of something wrong, they will take measures to meet the situation.
 New comer of operator begin to work with an experienced one to
learn sequence of beam injection, how to deal with Graphical User
Interface and so on. In addition, we organize preliminary lectures
on accelerator for operators. Topics done in the lectures are RF
system, vacuum system, magnet system, monitors, beam
diagnostics, accelerator and beamline control system etc. The
contents of the lecture can be seen by web browser again and
again. It is useful for operators to understand the SPring-8 facility
and details of their work because some of them are not SPring-8
Various software applications have been developed for familiar to    Oral      O   14A1-7
accelerator operations. The effectiveness of these software tools is
reported.
SPring-8 control system depends on a relational database               Oral     O   14A1-3
management system (RDBMS) not only for parameter storing but
also for logging data archiving, alarm data storing and shift
scheduling. We introduce many tools which assists SPring-8
operations like logging data browsing, alarm data checking, shift
schedule notification by mail and cellular phone messaging and etc.
Those tools were built as clients of the RDBMS. The RDBMS
supplied simple and consistent way to construct those tools.
We developed the video monitoring system using web camera for          Oral     O   14A1-8
SPring-8 accelerator tunnel. It replaced old system to consist of
video cameras and video switchers. The old one was not
convenient because a video display and location of cameras were
fixed. The web camera is able to move any location if it could
connect to a network. Also we can see pictures on any PC and
workstation using the web browser.
When developing specialized tools for operations, physicists or        Oral     O   14A1-5
other programmers the most important thing to remember about
interface design is to know your end customer, their level of
knowledge of the subject, and their work environment. Here I will
discuss some of the special software tools that have been
developed by and for the operations group at Jefferson lab.

The accelerator is staffed 24 hours a day by the MCC Operations        Poster   P   10P2-19
Group. Shift rotations are for seven days on shift, followed by
seven days off shift. A shift typically consists of a Crew Chief and
two operators. Personnel spend 70% of time on shift and 30% off
shift. The off shift time is utilized for meetings, training and
individual projects. Individual projects can consist of hardware or
software development, training, documentation development or
Maintenance at Jefferson Lab is largely driven by the experiment       Oral     O   12A1-2
schedule; two major maintenance and/or upgrade periods are
generally scheduled each year. Unscheduled maintenance
involves critical repairs which cannot be deferred to a scheduled
accelerator down. Scheduled maintenance includes deferred and
preventative maintenance as well as planned modifications and
upgrades to the accelerator. This talk will focus on JLAB's
                                                                                O   10P2-10
To get a job well done one must have good tools. Operators at       Poster   P   10P2-22
Jefferson Lab play a very important role in software tools
development. Working in the machine control center operators use
computers to control the accelerator everyday. The operators have
the first-hand experience and know exactly what they need to run
the machine. Besides providing valuable information to software
group the operators write code to develop new tools to fit their
History of Control Room development for the various Operations      Oral     O   11A1-2
groups at TRIUMF. Presentation of the ergonomic choices in our
Control Rooms.
Topic           Keywords 1     Keyword 2   Keyword 3
How we do       How we do      HIMAC       AEC
business        business




Recruit/Training Recruit/Trainin HIMAC     AEC
                g




Maintenance




How we do
Business /
Safety
Information
Flow




Automation    Storage Ring   Automatic   APS
                             Processes




How we do     APS            Operation   Synchrotron
business                                 Light Source




Radaiation    software       BLAM        safety
Safety                                   envelope
Accelerator    Stability     operations   data
Operation      analysis      schedule     acquisition




Operation of   Synchrotron   Acceleration Storage
INDUS-1        Radiation
electron
storage ring



Ergonomics,    Operator      decision-    optimisation
H/W, Layout    assistance    making       of
                                          accelerator
                                          recovery




Tools          AD            beam quality Antiproton
Radiation         Radiation   active     component
safety issues     safety      components replacement
associated with
operating and
maintaining
intense beam
accelerators
radiation safety Beal losses   radiation
                               safety




accelerator     reliability    availability
reliability
How we do     carbon       sharing
Business/     therapy      operation
Remote
operation




Maintenance   small lab.




Medical       hadrontherapy commissioni operation
Accelerator                 ng          and
                                        maintenance
Operation




Operation and Electron-    luminosity
Performance of Positron    upgrade
BEPC           Collinder
Central Control Central     Function    Operation
Room of         Control     Partition   and Display
HIRFL-CSR




Flat-top        operation   maintenance improvement
acceleration
system




Software or     cyclotron   visual      assistance
Tools or ?
Reliability,       Control     maintenance Transaction
Availability and
Serviceability




The troubles       KEK PS      machine       radiation
from Radiation                 trouble       dose
Dose in KEK-
PS



maintenance in maintenance     radioactive   beam
the high           work        equipment     extraction
radiation area




Radiation          Radiation   Radiation     Radiation
Safety             safety      Dose          Control
Maintenance      cyclotron     radiopharma maintenance
                               ceuticals




Upgrading to     Online        Operations    Log
an Online
Operations Log
& Message
Board




Radiation        beam loss     radioactivatio measuremen
Safety           reduction     n              ts




Cooperation      outsourcing   private
with controls                  enterprises
people
Automation      software       Bates         Jefferson




Bates History
of Operations

Tools for       operator-      high
accelerator     developed      performance
operation       tools          operations




Operation      Large Helical   Plasma        Cryostat
Large SC-coils Device          Experiment




Tools for
accelerator
operation
The scanning   PIXE        microbeam
microbeam
PIXE




How We Do
Business




Accelerator    cyclotron   high         magnetic
system                     resolution   field
operation                  beam
How we do   Ring            Accelerator   Heavy Ion
business    Cyclotron       Complex




How we do   Ring            Accelerator   High
business    Cyclotron       Complex       Resolution
                                          Beam




10P1        light sources   reliability
Training




Tools      GUI   Synchrotron
                 Radiation
                 Facility
Tools           database     web            mail




Video           Web          Network
Monitoring




Interface       Design




How we do       TJNAF        operations     business
business in
accelerator
operations at
TJNAF



Maintenance at maintenance   preventative
Jefferson Lab
Tools for
accelerator
operation




Control Room   Ergonomics
Layout
Session        Title                                                                      Abstracts

 10A1     How we do Business 1                      054   055   004*   005*   016   037     038       039   049    050   051?
 10A2     How we do Business 2                      018   043   010    022    026   027     032       036
 10P1     Reliability, Availability, Serviceability 007   028   024    035
 10P2     Poster

 11A1     Ergonomics                              001     025   040
 11A2     Information Flow                        041
 11P1     Special(Radiation)                      048     029   002
 11P2     Radiation                               020
 11E1

 12A1     Maintenance                             030     034   052    053    005   008     019       033   052?         021
 12A2     Recruit/Training                        012     047
 12P1     Small Questions
 12P2     Poster
 12E1

 14A1     Tools                                   004     009   011    013    014   015     017       046   003    031   023    042   044   045
 14A2     Remote Operation
 14P1     Closing Session

          Bold characters for Oral presentations and thin ones for Posters
          Red one for invited paper
Session        Title                                                                     Abstracts

 10A1     How we do Business 1                     004*   005*   016   037   038   039     049       050    051?
 10A2     How we do Business 2                      018   043    010   022   026   027     032       036
 10P1     Reliability, Availability, Serviceability 007   028    024   035   052
 10P2     Poster

 11A1     Ergonomics                              001     025    040
 11A2     Information Flow                        041
 11P1     Special(Radiation)                      048
 11P2     Radiation                               002     020    029
 11E1

 12A1     Maintenance                             021     030    034   005   008   019     033       052?
 12A2     Recruit/Training                        012     047
 12P1     Small Questions
 12P2     Poster
 12E1

 14A1     Tools                                   004     046    013   011   014   009     015       003    031    023   042   044   045?
 14A2     Remote Operation
 14P1     Closing Session

          Bold characters for Oral presentations and thin ones for Posters
          Red one for invited paper

								
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