; Chile
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Interacting with the environment
       Cultural universals
People in Chile wear clothes
like Poncho’s, garments and
pants. Poncho is a garment
used to keep your body
warm; it is a big piece of
fabric with a hole in the
centre for the head. Chilean
people are very particular
about their clothes. A
Chamanto is a special type of
traditional dress worn in
central Chile. It has a design
similar to a poncho and is
made of silk woven with wool
and tread. The edge of the
dress is decorated with
ribbons and frills.
The main difference
between a Chamanto and
other poncho’s is that they
have reverse colours
meaning they have different
shades on each side.
Usually the dark side is
worn in daylight and light
side at night. Ponchos are
made to keep your body
warm as it is cold in Chile
and some ponchos are
made of water resistant
material to keep you dry
when it rains. The weather
in Chile is hot and rainy so
the ponchos are the best
clothes for the weather in
Chilean crops and food
 Chile has many different types
 of cuisine in north, south and
 central Chile. Seafood is very
 big in Chile as it has the Pacific
 Ocean to its west. There is lots
 of fishing and seafood such as
 prawns, crabs, clams, shrimp,
 codfish, salmon, oysters,
 lobsters, etc. are fished in large
 Main crops in Chile are the
 Chirimoya which is a native fruit
 and is grown in the Andes
 mountain ranges, the Lucuma
 which is another Andean fruit is
 also grown in the Andes
 mountains is exported
 worldwide and is an important
 flavour in ice creams.
Chilean foods and crops
The Ugni Molinae also known as
“Chilean guava” is a shrub grown in
southern Chile. Quinoa is an edible
seed from the Andes Mountain
growing from the quinoa tree.
Maize or corn or Choclo as known
in Chile is the main staple diet of
the people in Chile. Potatoes are
widely grown in Chileo archipelago.
These are islands at the coast of
Soil in the Andes Mountains is very
stony and supports very less
The climate and soil is very suitable
for these plants to grow.
 A Palafito is a typical Chilean
 house. It is an American-Indian stilt
 village on water bodies or floating
 on water.
 Stilt houses are houses raised on
 pile (foundation, tile, etc.) on
 surface of soil or water bodies. In
 the nineteenth centuary, many
 Palafito were built in Chilean cites
 and in Chiloe archipelago (islands
 on coast of Chile).
 Since then, these houses have
 been considered important typical
 parts of the Chilotan architecture.
 These houses are made of
 lightwood and are covered with
 straw so they can float on water
 and if broken then they can set up
 Nearly all houses and buildings in
 colonial Chile were made of wood
 and covered with roof shingle
 (these are roof coverings which
 have overlapping layers.). Palafitos
 have shingle roofs so that the rain
 or leaves or any dirt can easily slide
 off. Lightwood is found a lot in Chile
 and is used in making Palafitios.

 Since many fisherman and people
 live along the coast so they live in
 Palafitos on water.

 Earthquakes are common so if their
 houses are on water then they may
 not be distrusted too much and if it
 breaks then they can rebuild it.

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