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Chile Interacting with the environment Cultural universals clothing People in Chile wear clothes like Poncho’s, garments and pants. Poncho is a garment used to keep your body warm; it is a big piece of fabric with a hole in the centre for the head. Chilean people are very particular about their clothes. A Chamanto is a special type of traditional dress worn in central Chile. It has a design similar to a poncho and is made of silk woven with wool and tread. The edge of the dress is decorated with ribbons and frills. clothing The main difference between a Chamanto and other poncho’s is that they have reverse colours meaning they have different shades on each side. Usually the dark side is worn in daylight and light side at night. Ponchos are made to keep your body warm as it is cold in Chile and some ponchos are made of water resistant material to keep you dry when it rains. The weather in Chile is hot and rainy so the ponchos are the best clothes for the weather in Chile. Chilean crops and food Chile has many different types of cuisine in north, south and central Chile. Seafood is very big in Chile as it has the Pacific Ocean to its west. There is lots of fishing and seafood such as prawns, crabs, clams, shrimp, codfish, salmon, oysters, lobsters, etc. are fished in large amounts. Main crops in Chile are the Chirimoya which is a native fruit and is grown in the Andes mountain ranges, the Lucuma which is another Andean fruit is also grown in the Andes mountains is exported worldwide and is an important flavour in ice creams. Chilean foods and crops The Ugni Molinae also known as “Chilean guava” is a shrub grown in southern Chile. Quinoa is an edible seed from the Andes Mountain growing from the quinoa tree. Maize or corn or Choclo as known in Chile is the main staple diet of the people in Chile. Potatoes are widely grown in Chileo archipelago. These are islands at the coast of Chile. Soil in the Andes Mountains is very stony and supports very less vegetation. The climate and soil is very suitable for these plants to grow. housing A Palafito is a typical Chilean house. It is an American-Indian stilt village on water bodies or floating on water. Stilt houses are houses raised on pile (foundation, tile, etc.) on surface of soil or water bodies. In the nineteenth centuary, many Palafito were built in Chilean cites and in Chiloe archipelago (islands on coast of Chile). Since then, these houses have been considered important typical parts of the Chilotan architecture. These houses are made of lightwood and are covered with straw so they can float on water and if broken then they can set up again. Housing Nearly all houses and buildings in colonial Chile were made of wood and covered with roof shingle (these are roof coverings which have overlapping layers.). Palafitos have shingle roofs so that the rain or leaves or any dirt can easily slide off. Lightwood is found a lot in Chile and is used in making Palafitios. Since many fisherman and people live along the coast so they live in Palafitos on water. Earthquakes are common so if their houses are on water then they may not be distrusted too much and if it breaks then they can rebuild it.
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