America grows and changes – from 1790 - 1850_1_

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					America grows and changes –
     from 1790 - 1850

 By: Mrs. Camuto
      and
    Mr. Cook
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL
     CHANGES!
*Changes in where people lived
*Changes in people’s social class
*Changes in Art and Literature
*Changes in Education
*Changes in the family
*Changes in the roles of men and women
*Changes in treatment of Native Americans
*Changes in immigration
                        Changes in ART!
                                     • In art, the Hudson River School
                                       movement started.

                                     • This was the first time American
                                       painters like Thomas Cole, attempted
                                       their own style.

                                     • They focused on landscapes.

                                     • They “broke away” from England’s
                                       painters style!

                                     • Began to give America it’s own
                                       identity!
Realistic paintings of landscapes!
                                   Changes in
                                 LITERATURE!
                                      • American writers began to write
                                        using American themes!

                                      • Famous novels like:
                                        The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
James Fenimore Cooper                        by Washington Irving
                                               and
                                      • The Last of the Mohicans
                                             by James Fenimore Cooper
                                                 became well known!

                                      • Like the movement in art, it started
                                        to give America it’s own identity!
                  Washington Irving
                 REMOVAL POLICY
            (Changes in treatment of Native
                     Americans)
                                           • The white man wanted the Native
                                             American’s land so they basically
                                             took it took and forced them to move.
                                           • In 1830, Jackson helped pass the
                                             Removal Act. It forced the Native
                                             Americans off their land.
                                           • In 1838, 15,000 Cherokees were
                                             forced to march hundreds of miles
                                             from their homes.
                                           • They were forced off their land and
                                             sent to land west of the Mississippi
                                             River.
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                                           • The march was called the “Trail of
.                                            Tears” because thousands died along
                                             the way; mostly children and the
                                             elderly.
           ECONOCMIC CHANGES!
                        • This area deals with HOW America
                          and it’s people made MONEY!

                        • Things that effected this area
                          include . . .

                         Changes in ways people earned a
                          living

                         New technology and inventions

                         Changes in how things were produced

encarta.msn.com/media    Changes in transportation

                         Changes in trade
CHANGES IN EARLY
TRANSPORTATION!
         • Robert Fulton’s 1st. Steamboat, the
           Clermont, traveled up and down
           the Hudson River.
         • It changed the way goods were
           transported.
         • Shipping became much faster and
           cheaper which made more money
           for the farmers!

         • Canals like the Erie Canal, allowed
           farmers and others a way to ship
           goods cheaply and much.
         • The canals were manmade and
           were put in areas which did not
           have access by a major river.
Other Transportation advances:
                • In 1806, for the first time
                  ever, Congress passed a law
                  funding a National Road –
                • The road went from
                  Cumberland, Maryland to
                  Wheeling, West Virginia.
                • It made travel easier and
                  somewhat quicker.
                • Other such roads soon
                  followed!
          Advances in TECHNOLOGY!
                                • The TELEGRAPH was invented
                                  by Samuel Morris.
                                • It worked by sending a series of
                                  dots and dashed over a wire.
                                • It improved communication
                                  greatly! Messages could be sent
                                  in minutes instead of MONTHS!

                                • The SPINNING JENNY was
                                  invented by James Hargreaves in
                                  1764.
                                • His machine spun eight spools of
                                  thread at a time.
                                • Later machines were able to spin
                                  eighty at once!
                                • This invention changed the textile
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk     industry greatly.
                   The FIRST successful
                   FACTORY in the U.S.
                               • Started by Samuel Slater and
                                 Moses Brown.

                               • It was a mill which spun yarn.

                               • Slater had memorized how the
                                 mills back in England were set up.

                               • He brought that knowledge to the
                                 U.S. and helped design the first
                                 successful factory in America.

www.uh.edu/engines/samslater
     Another early American factory
                success!
                         • Francis Cabot Lowell was a Boston
                           area merchant who found a way to
                           improve on British textile mills.

                         • He put the spinning of thread and the
                           weaving of clothe all in ONE factory.

                         • The factory was started in Lowell
                           Massachusetts in 1821. By 1836,
                           more than 10,000 people lived there.

                         • The project was FINANCED by
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                           Lowell and some other business men.
                           They formed the Boston Associates to
                           finance the mill.
     INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS
      and The Industrial Revolution!
                        • Eli Whitney came up with the
                          idea of INTERCHANGEABLE
                          PARTS!

                        • His idea was to use a machine to
                          make all parts the same!

                        • This saved time and money in
                          production.

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                        • His idea helped the Industrial
                          Revolution really grow!
CHANGES IN FOREIGN
     POLICY
         • America went from
           Washington’s idea of
           “staying isolated” to the
           idea of NEUTRALITY.

         • Our goal was to trade
           with ALL countries yet
           we wanted to stay out of
           their problems / “fights”.
                        Monroe Doctrine
                               •   President Monroe was concerned that
                                   European nations would try to establish
                                   colonies in South America.

                               •   He made a BOLD statement telling
                                   Europeans to stay out of Latin America.

                               •   America’s military was not really strong
                                   enough to really uphold such a policy
                                   however we had the backing of England.

                               •   We still wanted to keep trading with all
                                   nations.

                               •   This statement by Monroe helped shape
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                                   America’s foreign policy for over 100
                                   years!
CHANGES IN POLITICS
      CHANGES IN OUR LAND
       (the way America looks)
                               • Americans had the BELIEF of
                                 Manifest Destiny.

                               • This was the BELIEF that the United
                                 States had the right and the duty to
                                 expand form Ocean to Ocean.

                               • Americans did this many different
                                  ways:
                                        1.) bought land
                                        2.) through wars / treaties
•Moving from ocean to ocean!            3.) took it
                               (especially from the Native Americans)
        The LOUISIANA PURCHASE
                        • This purchase was made by
                          Thomas Jefferson in 1803.

                        • He spent $15 million on about
                          800,000 square miles of land
                          west of the Mississippi River.

                        • This almost doubled the size
                          of the United States.
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   Explorers of the Louisiana Territory
                                                     • Once Jefferson bought the
                                                       Louisiana Territory, he
                                                       needed someone to
                                                       explore the land.
                                                     • Lewis and Clark were sent
                                                       out to map out the land,
•Lewis and Clark had help exploring!
                                                       study the wildlife and
                                                       study the Natives living
                                                       there.
                                                     • Pike also explored the
                                                       territory. He left about
                                                       one year after Lewis and
                                                       Clark.
        •Pike also explored this territory and had
        Pike’s Peak named after him!
Know the following court cases!
• (know what they did and why they were
  important!)

• Worcester vs. Georgia
• Gibbons vs. Ogden
• Marbury vs. Madison
 (This case made the Supreme Court stronger
  by giving it the power of Judicial Review)

				
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posted:3/7/2011
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