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					                           Introduction to Dance Timeline

Yoga is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India and associated with
      disciplines of asceticism and meditation … Several seals discovered at Indus
      Valley Civilization (c. 3300–1700 BC) sites depict figures in a yoga or
      meditation like posture. (see History of Yoga - Wikipedia). Outside India, Yoga
      is mostly associated with the practice of asanas (postures) of Hatha Yoga or as
      a form of exercise, although it has influenced the entire Indian religions family
      and other spiritual practices throughout the world.[3] Hatha yoga is a
      particular system of Yoga introduced by Yogi Swatmarama, a sage of 15th
      century India.
              Poses or Postures: Classical - Patanjali's 'Yoga Sutras' (ca. 200 BC)
              Chakras: The philosophical theories and models of chakras as centers
              of energy were first codified in Ancient India.

Tai Chi Chuan is a Chinese martial art.
      The CHINESE LEGENDARY FIGURE: | Zhang Sanfeng* circa 12th century,
      is credited by modern practitioners as having originated the concepts of neijia
      (內家); soft, internal martial arts, specifically T'ai Chi Ch'uan.
      T’ai Chi is historically documented from the 1600s - when the Chen clan of
      Chenjiagou (Chen Village), Henan province, China appear identified as
      possessing a unique martial arts system. However, Taoist practitioners have
      been practicing Tao Yin, physical exercises similar to Qigong that was one of
      the progenitors to Tai Chi Chuan, at least as early as 500 BCE. Also, the noted
      physician, Hua Tuo, composed the "Five Animals Play" - tiger, deer, monkey,
      bear, and bird, around 220 BCE[11]. Taoist practitioners’ approach to health
      and exercise might have influenced to a certain extent the Chinese martial arts.

Bharata Natyam is like an artistic yoga (natya yoga), revealing the spiritual through the
      corporeal. This popular South Indian dance form is a 20th century
      reconstruction of Cathir, the art of temple dancers. Cathir in turn, is derived
      from ancient dance forms. It is the most ancient of all the classical dance forms
      in India, which are based on Natya Shastra, the Bible of the classical Indian
      dance. The term ―Bharatanyam‖ was used by Purandara Dasa (1484-1564) (15th
      century &16th century)

African dance The term African dance refers mainly to the dances of sub-Saharan
       and West Africa. The music and dances of northern Africa and the Sahara are
       generally more closely connected to those of the Near East. Traditional dances
       often don't appear in isolation but are parts of broader cultural activities; some
       forms of African dances include: Warrior Dances, Dances of Love, Rites of
       Passage and Coming of Age Dances, Dances of Welcome, Dances of
       Possession and Summoning.

Flamenco is a Spanish musical genre with strong, rhythmic undertones and is often
     accompanied with a similarly impassioned style of dance characterized by its
     powerful yet graceful execution, as well as its intricate hand and footwork.
       Flamenco embodies a complex musical and cultural tradition. Although
       considered part of the culture of Spain in general, flamenco actually originates
       from one region: Andalusia. For a complete picture of the possible influences
       that gave rise to flamenco, attention must be paid to the cultural and musical
       background of the Iberian Peninsula since Ancient times, but it was the
       Islamic invasion, by largely Berber armies in 711, that determined the main
       musical influences from North Africa. They called the Iberian Peninsula Al-
       Andalus, from which the name of Andalusia derives. The Moorish and Arab
       conquerors brought their musical forms to the Peninsula, and at the same time,
       probably gathered some native influence in their music. The presence of the
       Moors was also decisive in shaping the cultural diversity of Spain. Southern
       music is certainly reminiscent of Eastern influences. To what extent this
       Eastern flavor is owed to the Moors, the Jews, the Mozarabic rite (with its
       Byzantine influence), or the Gypsies has not been clearly determined.

Belly dance is a Western name for an Arabic style of dance developed in the Middle
       East. Some American devotees refer to it simply as "Middle Eastern Dance".
       Because this dance is a fusion of many dance styles, it undoubtedly has many
       different origins – many of them in ethnic folk dances. Wherever it began, the
       dance has a long history in Africa and the Middle East. Despite the restrictions
       in Islam regarding portraying humans in paintings, there are several depictions
       of dancers throughout the pre-Islamic and Islamic world. Books such as The
       Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250 show images of dancers on palace
       walls, as do Persian miniature paintings from the 12th and 13th centuries.
       Egyptian tomb paintings dating from as far back as the fourteenth century BC
       depict partially clad dancers whose callisthenic positions appear to be very similar
       to those used in belly dancing.

Kabuki is one of four major forms of traditional classical Japanese theatre that are
      famous around the world. These are Noh, Kyogen, Kabuki, and Bunraku, or
      puppet theatre. The earliest existing Kyogen scripts date from the 300s.
      Kyogen was used as an intermission between Noh acts — it linked the theme
      of the Noh play with the modern world by means of farce and slapstick.
      Unlike Noh, the performers of Kyogen do not wear masks, unless their role
      calls for physical transformation. Both men and women were allowed to
      perform Kyogen until 450. The most well known form of Japanese theatre is
      Kabuki. Perhaps its fame comes from the wild costumes and swordfights,
      which used real swords until the 1680s. Kabuki grew out of opposition to Noh
      — they wanted to shock the audience with more lively and timely stories. The
      first performance was in 1603. Like Noh, however, over time Kabuki became
      not just performing in a new way, but a stylized art to be performed only a
      certain way.

Ballet is a formalized form of dance with its origins in the Italian Renaissance court
       (14th century to about 1600), further developed in France and Russia as a
       concert dance form. Ballet dance works (ballets) are choreographed, and also
       include mime, acting, and are set to music (usually orchestral but occasionally
       vocal). It's best known in the form of classical ballet, notable for its
       techniques, such as pointe work, turn-out of the legs; its graceful, flowing,
       precise movements; and its ethereal qualities. Later developments include
       neoclassical ballet and contemporary ballet.

Ragtime is an American musical genre which enjoyed its peak popularity between
1899 and 1918. Ragtime Dance Forms from this period include Animal dances such as
the Fox Trot, Horse Trot, Kangaroo Hop, Duck Waddle, the Squirrel, the Chicken
Scratch, the Turkey Trot, and the Grizzly Bear. The Fox Trot is the only Animal Dance
whose legacy has lasted until today. It was attributed to Harry Fox who created a trotting
dance to Ragtime music in a 1913 Ziegfeld Follies.

Categories of Historical dance
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_dance

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_American_Ballroom_Companion

Pasodoble or Paso Doble is a lively style of dance to the duple meter march-like
     pasodoble music. It actually originated in southern France [1], but is modeled
     after the sound, drama, and movement of the Spanish bullfight. Paso doble
     means "two step" in Spanish.

Jive is a dance style in 4/4 time that originated among African-Americans in the early
        1940s. It is a lively and uninhibited variation of the Jitterbug, a form of Swing
        dance.

Modern dance is a dance form developed in the early 20th century. Although the
     term Modern dance has also been applied to a category of 20th Century
     ballroom dances, Modern dance as a term usually refers to 20th century
     concert dance.

Paul Taylor (born July 29, 1930) is one of the foremost American choreographers of
      the 20th century. He performed in the companies of Merce Cunningham,
      Martha Graham, and George Balanchine, and founded the Paul Taylor Dance
      Company in 1954.

PBS Dancing Series – The Power of the Dance, the pulse & the beat
Pow Wow Trail – Native American Dance legend
Dancing in the Light – African Dance – Ostrich Dance
PBS Dancing Series – Lord of the Dance (Monkey God Dance)
Cirque du Soleil – Allegria (Hoop Dance, snake dance imagery, contortionist)
Pilobolus – Monkshood Farewell, animal dance imagery
PBS Dancing Series – Dancing Center Stage (Ballet & Kabuki – Classical Dances)
How to Dance Through Time – Ragtime Animal Dances
Talking Feet – Appalachian Buck, Tap, and Flat Foot Animal Dances

				
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