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Timeline
Police Federation – 90 years




                               Photography: Alamy
The Police Federation will                                             Constable Albert Goodsall of the Metropolitan Police, should
                                                                       be the first full-time official of the Federation
have been in existence for 90                                        G 1931 – Police face a pay cut. The government decided to

                                                                       reduce police pay by ten percent in two instalments of five
years this month and is still                                          percent, taking into account the reduction in police pay when
                                                                       pension contributions were increased in 1925. The Federation
fighting for the rights of its                                         held a series of mass meetings of the membership to protest
members. In this month’s                                               against the pay cuts
                                                                     G 1932 – Two pay scales are introduced for recruits and existing

Police we look at just some of                                         officers and open meetings are banned on the grounds that
                                                                       they were being used to criticise government policy
the issues the organisation                                          G 1933 – Lord Trenchard, Met police commissioner attacked

                                                                       the Met Federation accusing them of attempting to stir up
has faced and celebrate some                                           discontent in the force. Metropolitan chief inspectors were
of its victories                                                       taken out of membership of the Police Federation
                                                                     G 1934 – The ten percent pay ‘cut’ was reduced by one-half (and

                                                                       abolished altogether the following year)
1919 - The Police Federation of England and Wales is born
G The Police Federation came to fruition after a police strike in    Wartime and Beyond
  1918 in London which had soured relations between an               G 1939 – World War II impacts on the service. With the outbreak

  unofficial body entitled the National Union of Police and Prison     of war, the right of police officers to retire on pension was
  Officers and the Met commissioner                                    suspended, and they were classed as a reserved occupation.
G The government appointed Lord Desborough to head a                   Thousands of officers who were military reservists were called
  committee looking into the issues facing the police service and      up and their places were taken by temporary police officers,
  recommended standard conditions across all forces and the            members of the wartime Police Auxiliary Service
  inception of a Police Federation to represent the interests of     G 1941 – Snell Report recommends pensions of police widows

  rank and file officers                                               and allowances paid to dependent children should be
G The Home Secretary first became responsible for the police           increased, provided that the pension contribution was
  service and the advisory Police Council was set up to advise         increased to seven percent. The Federation opposed any
  on issues in the police service                                      increase in contributions and the Snell Report was shelved.
G 1920 – First meeting of the Police Council                           JCC chairman, Inspector Strangeways, resigned after being
G 1921 – Police Pensions Act standardised pensions for all             censured for supporting increased contributions
  forces requiring officers to serve 30 years                        G 1943 – The ban on open meetings, imposed in 1932, was lifted

G 1923 – Pay scales under threat                                     G 1944 – The Federation national committee are summoned to

G 1924 – Lord Desborough’s Committee on pay recommended                the Home Office by Home Secretary, Herbert Morrison, where
  levels remain the same                                               they were told they were entitled to submit representations but
G 1925 – Pension contributions are doubled to five percent             if Morrison refused their requests, it was their job to justify his
G 1926 – Police work during the General Strike is recognised           decisions to their membership, not to continue to press
  when the Times newspaper set up a National Police Fund in            their claims
  public gratitude of their work                                     G 1945 – Pay Scale B, the lower pay scale for post-1932 recruits,

G 1927 – Police given more rights of appeal against disciplinary       was abolished. Police pay was formally increased for the first
  decisions                                                            time since 1919
G 1928 – The Federation faces collapse as the national committee     G 1946 – The ban on married women serving in the police

  was unable to find a secretary after station sergeant Berry          service was lifted
  resigned because there were no official facilities. After much     G 1947 – Rent allowances are increased

  argument, the Home Secretary agreed to an annual grant of          G 1948 – National Police College opens

  £300 a year to cover all Federation expenses, and agreed that      G 1949 – The Oaksey Committee published its First Report after

  the JCC secretary, although not a full-time Federation official,     a lengthy examination of pay and conditions of service. It
  would be given ‘every facility’ to do the work                       recommended a modest pay increase. It did nothing to solve
G 1931 – The Home Office agreed that the new JCC secretary,            the great post-war shortage of police officers, caused because
                                                                                                                                             Photography: Simon Dell
  police pay continued to lag behind rates available in other areas   G 1958 – Lump sum pensions are introduced
G 1950 – Oaskey Part 2 recommends a new Police Council to act         G 1959 – The Police Federation Act of 1959 granted full
  as a police negotiating body. The report also recommended             membership of the Police Federation to policewomen and
  that for the first time the Federation should be permitted to         restored membership to chief inspectors of the
  collect voluntary subscriptions from its members                      Metropolitan Police
G 1951 – The first ‘arbitration’ award of police pay was made by      G 1959 - Public anxiety over cases of police corruption and

  Sir Malcolm Trustram Eve, who sat with two assessors to hear          the investigation of complaints led to the appointment of a
  the submissions of the Police Federation and the police               Royal Commission to examine these subjects Strenuous efforts
  authorities, after the Police Council failed to reach agreement       by James Callaghan led to the Commission being asked to
G 1952 – The Federation gets a new constitution which gave              examine the broad principles governing the pay of a constable.
  policewomen associate status, although without voting rights          This decision was fiercely opposed by the police authorities




                                                                                                    Photography: Simon Dell
  There was a complete ban on using Federation funds for              Sixties and Seventies (1960 - 1979)
  political or trade union purposes                                   G 1960 – The Royal Commission, led by Sir Henry Willink,
G 1953 – The first meeting of the Police Council for Great Britain      recommended that the pay of a police constable should be
  took place in November. Among the agreements reached at               increased by a maximum of 30 percent, bringing the pay of a
  this meeting was an eight percent pay increase and the London         PC with 17 years service to £970 a year. The
  Allowance was doubled to £20 a year (a decision which caused          recommendation was accepted by the government, and
  much argument within the Federation)                                  similar increases were negotiated for ranks above constable
G 1955 – The Federation was first allowed to collect subscriptions    G 1962 – The Second Part of the Willink Report recommended

  (threepence per week) and appointed James Callaghan MP as             new procedures for investigating complaints against the police,
  its first Parliamentary adviser                                       the amalgamation of very small police forces, the inclusion of
                                                                        magistrates on police authorities and the abolition of the
                                                                        powers of watch committees to discipline and promote police
                                                                                                                                                otos
                                                                                                                              Photography: PA Ph




G 1955 - The first hearing before the new Police
  Arbitration Tribunal resulted in a major pay increase.              officers. The Police Council
  The Tribunal recommended that the award be backdated, but           reached agreement on a system of bi-annual reviews of police
  the government argued that there was no legal power to do so.       pay, intended to uphold the standards of pay set out by the
  Callaghan and the Federation organised a Parliamentary              Willink Royal Commission
  campaign, and the government gave way, passing legislation          G 1963 – The working week is reduced to 42 hours

  enabling the back pay to be granted                                 G 1964 – The Police Advisory Board (PAB) is established to deal

G 1957 –The Federation publishes its first journal, The Newsletter      with professional matters
G   1964 - The Federation clashed with the government over its          Police Federation walked out of the Police Council. Federation
    refusal to extend the lump sum payable to the widows of             branch boards began to ballot their members on the question
    officers killed on duty to those who had died accidentally          of the right to strike. All forces which held ballots recorded
    whilst trying to make an arrest. Callaghan initiated a cross-       majorities in favour of this right
    party debate, and the government was forced to give way.




                                                                                                                PA Photos
                                                                                                   Photography:
                                                                    G   1977 – The Home Secretary used his powers to impose
  The right to commute part of their pensions was extended to           a five percent increase in police pay. At conference, he
  all officers retiring on full or ill-health pensions                  was received by the delegates in total silence, as part of
G 1966 – The Police Arbitration Tribunal rejected a Federation          a planned demonstration of no confidence in the
  claim for higher pay and under-manning allowances,                    government. Conference decided to press for the
  upholding more modest proposals by the Official Side. The             Federation to become a ‘free association’ and for the
  government announced a total pay freeze for 12 months, as             police to have the right to strike. The Federation
  part of a package designed to deal with the economic crisis.          launched a public relations campaign in favour of a
  The police were partly exempted, and their pay was only               substantial pay increase, which attracted widespread
  frozen for six months                                                 public support.
G 1967 – The reports of the three Police Advisory Board

  Working Parties on Manpower, Equipment and Efficiency                 1978 – The Edmund-Davies Report
  were published, including recommendations for more
  civilianisation. James Callaghan, no longer the Federation’s
                                                                        announced a substantial increase in police
  adviser, became Home Secretary. He immediately angered                pay, which included an unspecified
  the Federation by vetoing Police Council agreements to                amount to take account of the absence of
  award under-manning allowances to several forces. He also             the right to strike
  rejected proposals to improve police uniforms because of
  the costs involved and overrode the recommendation of the         G 1977 - Addressing the annual meeting of the Metropolitan
  PAB Working Party to abolish numerals on police uniforms            Branch Boards, the Home Secretary was shouted down
G 1968 – POLICE magazine is launched, replacing the                   by a packed audience of angry police officers. Soon
  newsletter as a key channel of communicating Federation             afterwards he announced that Lord Edmund-Davies
  activity to the membership                                          would head an independent inquiry into police pay and
G 1969 – In it’s golden jubilee year, the Federation bought its       that the government would accept its findings
  own headquarters in Surbiton, Surrey                              G 1978 – The Edmund-Davies Report announced a

G 1971 – The police struggle to maintain pay standards as             substantial increase in police pay, which included an
  inflation and manpower shortages continued to dominate              unspecified amount to take account of the absence of
  police negotiations                                                 the right to strike. The report also proposed linking
G 1972 – A major review of the police pension scheme brought          future pay rises to an index of all non-manual workers
  improvements to the benefits payable to widows and children         The government accepted the findings, but insisted on
  and contributions went up by seven percent                          staging the pay increases over two years. The committee
G 1974 – The Police Council again investigates pay scales             also proposed replacing the Police Council with a Police
G 1974 - The police service was reorganised into 43 forces in         Negotiating Board. At a special conference, the
  England and Wales                                                   Federation accepted the Edmund-Davies Report and
G 1975 - Following the Joint Report of the Police Council Working     abandoned the policy of seeking ‘free association’ and
  Party, there was a very substantial increase in police pay          the right to strike
G 1976 – Following a dispute over police pay, the Police            G 1979 – Edmund-Davies Report is implemented in full

  Federation of England and Wales and the Northern Ireland
Our Recent History (1980 - 2006)                                   with an open meeting in Wembley Arena attended by
G 1981 – Unprecedented mass urban rioting broke out in             23,000 off-duty officers. Michael Howard, who had recently
  inner cities across the country, notably in Brixton, Toxteth,    replaced Ken Clarke, rejected the vast majority of Sheehy,
  Moss Side and Handsworth, and marked a serious                   but he did abolish the housing allowance, and linked future
  deterioration in community relations. The riots, and the         pay increases on an index of non-manual private sector
  police’s lack of adequate training and defensive equipment,      pay settlements.
  led to intense lobbying by the Federation to ensure police      G 1996 – First Police Federation Bravery Awards in

  officers were better protected                                    conjunction with the Sun newspaper
G 1984 – The miners’ strike leads to further deterioration in     G 1999 – Changes to the conditions of service proposed by the

  community relations. The Federation secured an                    Official Side, including the abolition of the plain clothes
  amendment to the PACE Act 1983, allowing police officers          allowance, the detectives’ expenses allowance and the gratuity
  the right to legal representation in serious disciplinary         for searching and fingerprinting dead bodies, went to the Police
  cases                                                             Arbitration Tribunal. Much of the Staff Side’s demands were
G 1985 – The CPS is established                                     upheld, although the detectives’ expenses allowance was ended
G 1985 - Major rioting again broke out in inner cities,

  culminating with the murder of PC Keith Blakelock on the         Consultations over replacing PNB with new
  Broadwater Farm estate in North London
G 1986 – The Home Secretary refuses to ratify a PNB
                                                                   pay negotiating mechanisms were also
  agreement to improve widows’ pensions                            brought to a halt. The Federation saw this as a
G 1989 – The rent allowance was abolished for new recruits,        success in the face of a recession and many
  and they instead received a new housing allowance worth          cutbacks to public spending.
  two-thirds of its predecessor
G 1991 – The Police Federation updates the ‘Nine Points of

  the Law’




                                                                  G 2000 – After years of declining police numbers, the
                                                                    government announced plans to recruit an extra 9,000
G 1992 – Ken Clarke announces ‘independent’ inquiry into            officers over the next three years, after considerable lobbying
  police pay to be led by Sir Patrick Sheehy, head of British       by the Federation
  American Tobacco                                                G 2002 – David Blunkett, the new Home Secretary, unveiled a

G 1993 – The Sheehy Report made clear that the Inquiry did          White Paper on Police Reform at the end of 2001. Whilst the
  not consider policing to be a unique occupation, and              Federation supported some of the planned measures, such as
  recommended a reduction of police numbers, a £2,000 cut           shorter pay scales, bonus payments for priority staff and a
  to the constable’s starting pay, the abolition of the housing     scheme to help those with 30 years or more service to remain
  allowance and a reduced rank structure. New recruits were         in the force, it was staunchly opposed to proposed cuts in
  to join on a fixed ten-year contract, renewable at the chief      overtime pay, changes to duty rosters and sickness and ill-
  officer’s discretion for five year periods, and they would        health pension arrangements, and the abolition of the plain
  only be eligible to a full pension after 40 years service. It     clothes and the subsistence, lodging and refreshment
  also abolished uniform incremental scales in favour of a          allowances. The Federation conducted a ballot on the White
  matrix based on an evaluation of the roles, responsibilities      Paper: over 70 percent of the membership participated,
  and performance of individual officers. Future pay                rejected the proposals by a majority of 10:1. The vote was
  increases would be based on the pay of non-manual private         followed by a mass ‘Bobby Lobby’ on Parliament, when more
  sector workers, and one-third of each increase would be           than 10,000 off-duty officers lined the streets of Westminster
  performance-related.                                              in an attempt to lobby their MP. That day the Prime Minister
   The Federation immediately rejected the report, and              announced that the government was prepared to re-open
  launched a massive ‘Say No to Sheehy’ campaign, starting          negotiations with the Federation, and David Blunkett
  later admitted at conference that his original stance had            G The Police Negotiating Board, which represents both the
  been wrong.                                                            Staff and the Official side, has served as a special industrial
   A new agreement was eventually accepted by the Federation,            relations body since 1980 and there had been no disputes for
  which included new short pay scales for the federated ranks, a         years as both sides abided by its findings. If they failed to agree,
  new competence-related threshold payments scheme, more                 the decision would then be referred to the independent Police
  flexible working patterns, the rationalisation of allowances           Arbitration Tribunal to make a binding decision for both sides.
  and a new scheme to encourage officers to stay on for more           G The Home Office wanted to change the system by which

  than 30 years.                                                         police pay is negotiated and replace the Police Negotiating
   The Police Reform Act introduced Community Support                    Board with a pay review body to keep public spending in
   Officers to the streets, and announced the creation of the            check. The Federation argued that this would take no
   Independent Police Complaints Commission, to start work               account of the special status police officers have through
   in 2004.                                                              risking their lives, not having the right to strike and being
G 2004 – On October 3 2004 the first National Police Memorial            on duty in a way ordinary public servants are not.
  Day service was held at St Paul’s Cathedral in London to             G 2008 – The pay dispute led to many police officers calling for a

  honour over 4,000 officers who had lost their lives in the line of     ban on the right to strike being lifted as they were now being
  duty since modern policing began                                       treated in line with other public sector workers.
G 2006 – At the beginning of the 2006 pay review, the Official

  Side announced plans to revise the pay indexing system




                                                                                                           PA Photos
                                                                                              Photography:




                                                                        In January around 22,500 police officers ensured the
                                                                       strength of feeling over the pay dispute was known and
  that had stood for almost 30 years. After many months of             marched through central London in a protest over pay. Some
  stalemate, the Staff Side referred their three percent claim,        officers visited Parliament to lobby MPs and a rally was held
  based on the index, to arbitration, at which point Official Side     at Central Hall, Westminister and a petition presented to
  tabled, without explanation, a 2.2 percent rise. The PAT upheld      Downing Street.
  the three percent, and condemned Official Side’s failure to           In October talks with the Home Secretary and Official side
  provide a concrete alternative. The Home Secretary had hinted        resulted in a three-year pay deal, with 2.65 percent for 2008,
  that he would not uphold a decision of more than 2.2 percent,        2.6 percent for 2009 and 2.55 percent for 2010 to take effect
  but immediately ratified the increase after the Federation’s         from September 1, 2008. Consultations over replacing PNB
  vociferous ‘Fair Pay’ campaign                                       with new pay negotiating mechanisms were also brought to a
G The government then announced a review of police pay by Sir          halt. The Federation saw this as a success in the face of a
  Clive Booth to “consider the options for replacing the current       recession and many cutbacks to public spending.
  arrangements for determining changes to police pay.”                 G The Federation fights for retired officers to receive the

G A new 35-year pension scheme finally came into effect, after           pensions they are entitled to, winning a judicial review on
  seven years negotiation. Contributions were set at 9.5 percent,        pension commutation
  and the pension was payable from 55 or deferrable until 65.             The Federation persuaded the independent Police
  The maximum pension was half of the final salary with a lump           Arbitration Tribunal that police officers should be entitled
  sum of four times the pension, and it was also payable to              to an on-call allowance as they are increasingly required to
  unmarried partners as well as spouses and civil partners               be available on the end of a phone, close to work and fit
G 2007 – The Federation wrote an open letter to Home Secretary           for duty.
  Jacqui Smith to say police officers were ‘angry and bitterly
  disappointed’ that she decided not to backdate a 2.5 percent         For further information see our About us section at:
  pay rise for officers. This effectively meant they would only        www.polfed.org
  receive 1.9 percent and the Home Office had reneged on
  the deal.

				
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