Absolutism in Central_ Eastern_ and Northern Europe

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					Absolutism in Central,
Eastern, and Northern
   Lauren Sage
   Leeann Bouchard
   Tarah Philotoff
The German States

  The Peace of Westphalia ended the
  Thirty Years War and separated the
  Holy Roman Empire’s autonomous
  German state into over 300 little
  sovereign “Germanies”.
  Two of these emerged as European
  powers in the [17th and 18th cents.] :
The Rise of Brandenburg-
  The evolution of Brandenburg into
  a powerful state was mostly
  contributed by the Hohenzollern
  Foundation for Prussia was laid by
  Fredrick William I, “the Great
  Administered power to the nobles
  and removed taxes; this hardened
  the life of peasants
  Fredrick William III became King
  Fredrick I
The Emergence of Austria
  Austrian Habsburg had long played a significant
  role in European politics and the Holy Roman
  In the [17th century], Leopold I encouraged the
  eastward movement of the Austrian Empire.
  Moving into Transylvania, the Turks pushed
  towards Vietnam
  Treaty of Karlowitz in [1699] – Austria takes
  control of Hungary
  War of the Spanish Secession – Austria takes
  control of Spanish Netherlands
  Austria never became a highly centralized
  absolutist state primarily because it included so
  many national groups.
Russia: Principality to Major

    [1530] Emperor Charles V
    defeated French armies in
    [1540] Gave the duchy of
    Milan to his son Philip II and
    transferred all rights over Italy
    to the Spanish monarchy
    Only Florence, Papal States,
    and Venice maintained
    relatively independent policies
Russia: Princ. Continued
  A new Russian state had emerged in the
  [15th century] under principality of
  Ivan IV the Terrible, first ruler to take the
  title of tsar, expanded the territories of
  Russia eastward after being blocked to the
  west by Swedish and Polish states.
  Also increased autocracy of the tsar
  destroyed the power of the Russian
  nobility, or boyars
  [17th century] Muscovite society highly
  stratified (tsar-aristocrats-peasants)
The Reign of Peter the
Traveled around Europe and attempted to
Westernize Russia
Formed a Russian army and navy
Created the Senate to supervise
administration of the state while he was
away or on military campaigns
Demanded that all members of the
landholding class serve in either the military
or civil office
Sought to gain state control of the Russian
Orthodox Church
Provided women many rights, including
marrying of their own free will and having a
say in government
Modernized and westernized Russia to the
extent that it became a great military power;
by his death it became an important member
of the European state system
The Growth of Monarchy in
      Sweden was an extremely poor country
      It experienced severe political crisis after
      the death of Gustavus Adolphus. His
      daughter, Christina, was more interested
      in philosophy and religion then ruling and
      soon abdicated the throne to her cousin
      who became King Charles X
      Charles X reestablished domestic order.
      Charles XI built the monarchy
      Charles XII invested into the military
                   Conquered Constantinople
e Ottoman Empire   in [1453]
                   Ottomans Empire passed
                   highly effective
                   governmental system
                   Well organized military
                   increased power
                   Beginning of [17th century]
                   Ottoman Empire was the
                   “sleeping giant”. They
                   were content with
                   maintaining the status quo
                   in eastern Europe.
Limits of Absolutism

  Government for most people
  still meant the local institutions
  that affected their lives: courts,
  tax collectors, and organizers of
  armed forces. Not necessarily
  the king.
  Limited monarchy
  Increased power of nobles

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