“GUIDE” NOTES-Rights, Responsibilities and Duties of American Citizens Chapter 5 Section 1 and 2 of Civics (classroom text) NOTES-if you missed the notes in class or you want to compare, use the notes below…remember, your notes do not have to look exactly like mine but you can use them to help you with your own! Rights: See Constitution and Bill of Rights Security—protection from government Equality—equal treatment under the law Liberty—rights guaranteed under the Constitution Responsibilities: Things citizens should do (voluntarily) Duties: Things citizens are required to do Focus of Chart: Important civic rights, responsibilities, and duties that American Citizens need to follow in order for a democracy to work. Rights Responsibilities Duties *See constitution and Be Informed—know what Obey laws—for safety; amendments for a list of our government is doing; b/c gov’t order/organization; to Freedoms. purpose is to protect and serve help make the right Security: due process citizen; citizen must be decisions; to protect the Equality: due process informed to voice opinion; to health, safety, and Liberty: amend. 1 help make decisions; to choose property of citizens… leaders; to know your rights for example: driving Bill of Rights 1-10 and exercise them and not laws to help maintain Amend. 1:Freedom of Speech, abuse them or be abused; to order and to keep us Religion, Press, Assembly, preserve them; stay educated in safe; criminal laws, local Petition your vote—example: town laws. Criminal laws— council makes laws that you prevent citizens from Amend. 2: Right to Bare Arms need to follow…if you do not harming one another; agree…you can voice your local laws to help people Amend. 3:No Quartering opinion…gov’t will act in the get along Troops interest of all its people Pay Taxes- Taxes pay Amend. 4: Search & Seizure Vote-to exercise right of self- for government government; to choose who services/activities. Amend. 5:Rights of Accused runs the government; to change Taxes are paid to the government if government federal, state and local Amend. 6: Right to Speedy, isn’t doing what the people governments to help Fair Trial want; to have a say and to have improve roads, pay for direct power. Vote is police and some Amend. 7:Civil Suits democracy; vote is a voice. firefighters. Example: if Example: We vote to elect our Federal government did Amend. 8: Bail & Punishment representatives who are there not collect taxes we to work for our best interest. If would not have Amend. 9:Other People Rights we feel they are not doing the government employees job, we can vote someone to maintain army and Amend. 10: State Rights new…in a peaceful and orderly navy; collect taxes for manner. public schools, paved roads, and other services Responsibilities Duties Participate in Government- Defend the Nation- Men participate in aged 18 and over are community/government. required to register with the Volunteers like firefighters and government in case the rescue squad, or the country needs to enforce the government like Mayor or DRAFT. Draft-to call up, town council. Example: If no men for military service. one volunteered/participated Draft has not been used the community may not have a since Vietnam War. rescue squad. Think about the However, government has soccer and baseball the authority to use the draft coaches/programs—need if needed. Currently we community members to be have a volunteer military to involved/participate or the protect us. Reason—protect town/community will not have the nation one Serve in Court- Citizens are Respect Rights of Others- given the right to a trial by Laws have been put in place to jury (Amendment 5 & 7). In encourage people to respect order for this right-citizens each other; show respect for are asked to serve jury duty. public property and property of Also, it is a duty of a citizen others; Example: in your to serve as a witness at a neighborhood your are trial, if called to do so. The expected to respect each Amendments 5-8 are to other—noise level and protect the rights of the property…you would want accused (due process of law) others to respect your rights and it is the duty of the citizens to serve in order for Respect Diversity- Respect us to have these rights and accept others regardless of beliefs, practices, or other Attend School-In most states difference: TOLERANCE. people are required to attend For example: We have school until age 16. Very Freedom of Religion and need important right for you and the to respect that there are government—education is different religions; everyone important in teaching should have a say no matter knowledge and skills to be a what they believe; Diversity of good citizen. Educated voice people has been America’s and votes are what keeps a greatest strength—Immigrants democratic society successful. have brought different For example the government religions, traditions, and needs its citizens to be able to lifestyles to the country. All examine all sides of an issue, citizens are equal and entitled separate facts from beliefs, and to be treated the same draw own conclusions—to help you have an informed, well- reasoned opinion.