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XML SCORM STUDIO – Instructional Design Wizard by suchenfz

VIEWS: 24 PAGES: 29

									Using Open Document
Format for Interactive
Learning Content
   Robby Robson
   Eduworks Corporation



                      This slide is licensed under a Creative
                      Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5
                      License. Some rights reserved.
An Old Problem …

    Common, standards-based format for
     interactive learning content
    CBT Interchange [See Frank Farance
     slides from March, 2000]
    Tyde says: “The courseware conversion
     problem actually goes back much further.
     You can mention that Philip Dodds was
     talking to them in the early 90s (as was I)
     about possibly using Kaleida ScriptX as a
     solution (defunct Apple/IBM technology)”

    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   2
Why is this important?

    REUSABILITY
        Combine content from multiple sources
        Reuse content snippets
    DURABILITY
        Update and maintain content over time
        Re-create content as formats change
    PORTABILITY
        Express same content in different formats
        Interchange content among multiple systems

    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   3
XML SCORM Studio


  Joint ADL Co-Lab 2006 Prototype

  Slides repurposed from
  August 23, 2006


                           This slide is licensed under a Creative
                           Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5
                           License. Some rights reserved.
The Vision

        Good content in a minute




Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   5
The Vision

        Good content in a minute




Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   6
The Vision

        Good content in a minute
        that reuses existing
        content




Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   7
The Vision

        Good content in a minute
        that reuses existing
        content from multiple
        sources



Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   8
The Vision

        Good content in a minute
        that reuses existing
        content from multiple
        sources and conforms to
        SCORM 2004


Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   9
To achieve the vision …

   Combining and repurposing interactive
    training content must be as easy as
    combining and repurposing PowerPoint
    slides
   Working with instructional designs
    must be visual and simple
   Creating SCORM 2004 content must be
    almost trivial

    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   10
XML SCORM Studio …
    A SCORM 2004 content design,
     conversion, aggregation & editing tool
    A tool for combining content from multiple
     sources in different formats into SCORM
     courseware with a consistent look and feel
    A tool for creating, visualizing and reusing
     complex sequences of modules with pre-
     tests, post-tests and remediation
    Open Source .NET software


    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   11
XML SCORM Studio can be used
to …
    Convert existing interactive content into
     SCORM 2004 content
    Develop new SCORM 2004 courseware
     from combinations of existing content
    Create, store and reuse sequencing and
     navigation patterns in SCORM 2004
     courseware



    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   12
Under the Hood:
   Content is expressed in XML using
    OpenDocument format extended by
    other open standards.
   Separates media elements, navigation
    and styles
   Can be rendered as Dynamic HTML (and
    eventually other formats such as formats
    for mobile devices.)



    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   13
XML SCORM Studio supports
four basic actions …
    Apply instructional design templates
    Convert existing training content to a
     standards-based format
    Edit and combine converted content
    Export the results as SCORM 2004
     content



    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   14
XML SCORM Studio supports
four basic actions …
     Apply instructional design templates

        DESIGN
    Convert existing training content to a
     standards-based format

                           RIP
     Edit and combine converted content
    Export the results as SCORM 2004
     content                        MIX
                                                  BURN
    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   15
DEMO


  “Programming today is a race between
  software engineers stirring to build bigger
  and better idiot-proof programs, and the
  universe trying to produce bigger and better
  idiots. So far, the universe is winning.”


                           This slide is licensed under a Creative
                           Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5
                           License. Some rights reserved.
Back to the underlying
format

   Repurposed from slides presented by
   Tyde Richards in January, 2006




                       This slide is licensed under a Creative
                       Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5
                       License. Some rights reserved.
Requirements for underlying format:
(1) Card Deck Metaphor



                                      Card Deck


     shared
state information
  across cards                         Card
                                    (location)
                                                                navigation




 Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format     21 Sep, 2006                36
Requirements for underlying format:
(2) Ability to represent non-learning
    specific content elements


                              Identification/Heading
                                                                   generic
                                                                   content
                                                                  elements

                                Content Region
Location
                                                                  learning
                                                                   specific
                                                                   content
                                                                  elements
                                    Navigation

                                     UI Model




 Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format       21 Sep, 2006               37
Requirements for underlying format:
(3) Ability to share states


                             Shared State Variables



               Location 1                                 Location 2

                        Content                       Content
                        Element                       Element
                           X                             Y




 Eduworks Corporation       Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006        38
Requirements for underlying format:
(4) Support for navigational links

                Linear Navigation
                next, previous, first, last

                                                 Linear
                                                • location 1
                                                • location 2
                                                • location 3
                                                • location 4




                Relational Navigation
                help, browse, related content


                                                  Relational
                                                 relation L1    L3

                                                 relation L2    L4




 Eduworks Corporation        Open Document Format              21 Sep, 2006   39
Candidates Considered

    OASIS DITA
        Readable help documentation
        Type/specialization & relational browsing
    OASIS Open Document Format (ODF)
        ISO standards track “office document” format
        Includes several W3C content formats
    Rich Internet Application/UI languages
        Mozilla XUL, Macromedia MXML, Microsoft XAML
        Associated with particular platforms
    W3C Compound Document WG
        Issues of integrating XML content specifications


    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   40
Reasons for Choosing Open
Document Format
    Open specification (now an ISO/IEC
     Standard)
    Incorporates W3C specifications
    Significant adoption and open source tools
     available (Open Office, IBM Workplace,
     AODL – now Google & MS Office)
    Could be extended to include other XML
     schema (e.g. QTI)
    Specifically used “Presentation” version,
     called ODP

    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   41
High Level Content Model

Each SCO “Black Box”
                                   1 or more
                                   Locations                  1 or more
                        contains                               Content
        SCO                         Location                 Components
                                                  contains
                                    Location                  Component
                                                                          ODP “primitive”
                                    Location                  Component


                                    Location                  Component
                                                                             Extended
                                                              Component   (e.g. “learning”)




 Eduworks Corporation      Open Document Format     21 Sep, 2006                        42
All Components Have

                                ODP
                               Content
                              Component                   Delivery Format Generator
Common Properties                                         • XML to delivery format
• Height, Width                                           • Default DHTML
• XY coordinate
• Type                                         Editor
                Common Events                  • means to visualize ODP component
                • DOM event                    • means to edit an ODP component
                • JavaScript Handlers
                • Use optional


 The component approach also supports a modular
 approach to implementing content converters

 Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format     21 Sep, 2006                   43
Example (QTI in ODP)




Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006   44
ODP Content Components

       Location may contain:
                                                  Locations contain
                                                   components
ODP Primitive               Extended              Components share
    Text                   Interaction
                                                   common capabilities
    Box                       (QTI)                and are cleanly
                                                   encapsulated
                              HTML
   Image
                              Blob                Basic components
                              Smart
                                                   directly taken from
   Object                    Graphic               ODP
                                                  Extended components
   Plugin                    S1000D
                                                   may be based on ODP
                                                   or on other schemata

 Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format       21 Sep, 2006       45
Way forward (Tyde says)
    Set up an ODF Content – XML SCORM Studio
     activity (e.g. on www.adlcommunity.net)
        Develop an ODF profile for SCORM content
             A profile not a new specification.
             Basic profile of the ISO/IEC ODF standard for SCO content
              that integrates the CMI runtime, possibly LOM, and a subset
              of QTI
             Separate activity to look at S1000D outside the initial scope
        Activity for discussion related to the open source XML
         SCORM Studio tool
             Links to Source Forge project
    Goal: Have profile & open source tool by March
     2007 ADL SC36 event
    Note: Interest from ADL, IMS, OASIS and others
    Eduworks Corporation   Open Document Format   21 Sep, 2006                46
Discussion


      Comments?
      AICC Involvement?



                           This slide is licensed under a Creative
                           Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5
                           License. Some rights reserved.

								
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