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					 IAHPERD Presents:
 “Healthy Iowa Kids”




How can our Schools better lead
 our children to healthy lives?
Are Iowa Children Healthy?
   Here are some things we
    know;
    • Obesity is a problem
    • Problems that accompany obesity
       – Diabetes
       – Social & psychological outcomes
       – Causes
           » Inactivity
           » Bad nutrition

     Unknown
     Comprehensive State-wide status
        Fitness tests
        Minutes of P.E.
Prevalence of Overweight* Among
  U.S. Children and Adolescents
        (Aged 2–19 Years)
 Definitions:
Obesity: Having a very high amount of body fat
in relation to lean body mass, or Body Mass
Index (BMI) of 30 or higher.

Body Mass Index (BMI): A measure of an
adult’s weight in relation to his or her height,
specifically the adult’s weight in kilograms
divided by the square of his or her height in
meters.
          Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults
              BRFSS, 1990, 1998, 2007
           (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person)

             1990                                              1998




                                        2007




No Data   <10%      10%–14%   15%–19%      20%–24%   25%–29%   ≥30%
School based Solutions
•   Increased activity;
     –   Recess
     –   Physical Education
     –   Expanded Intramurals
     –   Inclusion in classroom settings
     –   Scheduled small blocks of activity time
•   School nutrition
     – Improved school lunches
     – Other food sources in schools monitored and controlled
          •   Ala Carte choices
          •   Concession stands
          •   Vending machines
•   Legislation passed
     – Wellness Policy (National)(2005)
     – Governor’s Task Force on Healthy Kids (2006)
     – Healthy Kids Act (2008)
•   Possible future legislation
     – Establish state standards for P.E.
     – Mandate recommended minutes of P.E.. (NASPE, pediatricians,
       public)
     – Establish a state-wide fitness test protocol and data collection.
What are the Iowa Legislature and
State Administrators doing about
          the situation?
• Passed the bill to authorize the Healthy
  Children Task Force. (2007)
  – Task force made recommendations to the
    legislature concerning the health of Iowa’s
    Children.
• Lt. Governor Judge sponsored “town hall”
  meetings to air the problem and search for
  solutions
• Passed SF 2279; “Healthy Kids Act” (2008)
     Healthy Kids Act; SF 2279
              Passed 2008 session




• Summary:
  – An Iowa act establishing health, nutrition,
   and cardiopulmonary resuscitation
   certification requirements for students, school
   districts, and accredited nonpublic schools.
• Effective date; 2009 school year
  What the Healthy Kids Act
Requires Related to Activity and
          Nutrition
• Rules for nutritional content of foods sold or
  provided by the school
   – Excludes federal school food program
   – Excludes fund raising and concession stands
• Activity
   – Children K – 5th grade are required to have
     physical activity 30 min. per school day
   – Grades 6th – 12 are required to have 120 min.
     activity per week.
What nutrition Standards are
required by the Healthy Kids
             Act?
• Nutritional content standards for foods and beverages
  sold or provided on the school grounds will be formed
  by a nutrition advisory panel in collaboration with the
  Dept. of Health.
• The advisory panel will consist of members of;
   –   Iowa Dietetic Association
   –   School nutrition Association
   –   Iowa Association of School Boards
   –   School Administrators of Iowa
   –   Iowa chapter of the American academy of pediatrics
   –   Parents
   –   Iowa Grocery Industry Association
   –   An accredited nonpublic School
   –   Iowa State Education Association
How is Physical Activity defined
  by the Healthy Kids Act?
• Healthy Kids Act states; The Dept. of
  Education will convene a group of
  “stakeholders” to develop models that
  describe ways to meet the
  requirement.
• Stakeholders (Fitness Working Group)
  – Elementary & Secondary education and
    fitness professionals.
Ways to meet the Healthy
 Kids Act Requirements
• Increase P.E. time
• Increase recess time
• Provide times and locations for planned activity
  (small blocks of minutes)
• Regular P.E. teachers can teach, inform, and aid
  classroom teachers as to how to incorporate
  activity into their regular subject matter.
• In-service programs can be devoted to activity
        Physical Activity/Physical
              Education
• There is a Difference between P.A. and P.E.
         (Physical Education)
   – Physical Education seeks to educate the student
     more completely.
      • Works towards Standards (NASPE)
          –   Health related fitness
          –   Social responsibilities
          –   Values and attitudes
          –   Knowledge
          –   Motor skills
• Physical Activity
   – Movement for movement’s sake
   – “Aimless wiggling” is a form of physical activity
 Physical Activity is not a substitute
      for Physical Education
• Quality P.E. can and will contribute to solving the
  problem of growing obesity
• Quantity; P.E. can do more if given the chance;
  More time and better instruction.
• Activity alone will not suffice, it should be paired
  with physical education
   – Integrate activity with other subject matter
   – Help students learn about why and how to utilize
     activity to accomplish healthy life styles.
   – Teach students skills that provide life-long avenues
     for activity.
              Summary
• Iowa Kids are experiencing a health
  status decline.
• Schools cannot solve the whole problem
• But schools can have a big impact.
• Legislation will require new approaches to
  both physical activity and nutrition.
• Physical Education is a logical and
  important source of solution.
Activity + Education = Physical Education

				
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