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					 IAHPERD Presents:
 “Healthy Iowa Kids”

How can our Schools better lead
 our children to healthy lives?
Are Iowa Children Healthy?
   Here are some things we
    • Obesity is a problem
    • Problems that accompany obesity
       – Diabetes
       – Social & psychological outcomes
       – Causes
           » Inactivity
           » Bad nutrition

     Unknown
     Comprehensive State-wide status
        Fitness tests
        Minutes of P.E.
Prevalence of Overweight* Among
  U.S. Children and Adolescents
        (Aged 2–19 Years)
Obesity: Having a very high amount of body fat
in relation to lean body mass, or Body Mass
Index (BMI) of 30 or higher.

Body Mass Index (BMI): A measure of an
adult’s weight in relation to his or her height,
specifically the adult’s weight in kilograms
divided by the square of his or her height in
          Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults
              BRFSS, 1990, 1998, 2007
           (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person)

             1990                                              1998


No Data   <10%      10%–14%   15%–19%      20%–24%   25%–29%   ≥30%
School based Solutions
•   Increased activity;
     –   Recess
     –   Physical Education
     –   Expanded Intramurals
     –   Inclusion in classroom settings
     –   Scheduled small blocks of activity time
•   School nutrition
     – Improved school lunches
     – Other food sources in schools monitored and controlled
          •   Ala Carte choices
          •   Concession stands
          •   Vending machines
•   Legislation passed
     – Wellness Policy (National)(2005)
     – Governor’s Task Force on Healthy Kids (2006)
     – Healthy Kids Act (2008)
•   Possible future legislation
     – Establish state standards for P.E.
     – Mandate recommended minutes of P.E.. (NASPE, pediatricians,
     – Establish a state-wide fitness test protocol and data collection.
What are the Iowa Legislature and
State Administrators doing about
          the situation?
• Passed the bill to authorize the Healthy
  Children Task Force. (2007)
  – Task force made recommendations to the
    legislature concerning the health of Iowa’s
• Lt. Governor Judge sponsored “town hall”
  meetings to air the problem and search for
• Passed SF 2279; “Healthy Kids Act” (2008)
     Healthy Kids Act; SF 2279
              Passed 2008 session

• Summary:
  – An Iowa act establishing health, nutrition,
   and cardiopulmonary resuscitation
   certification requirements for students, school
   districts, and accredited nonpublic schools.
• Effective date; 2009 school year
  What the Healthy Kids Act
Requires Related to Activity and
• Rules for nutritional content of foods sold or
  provided by the school
   – Excludes federal school food program
   – Excludes fund raising and concession stands
• Activity
   – Children K – 5th grade are required to have
     physical activity 30 min. per school day
   – Grades 6th – 12 are required to have 120 min.
     activity per week.
What nutrition Standards are
required by the Healthy Kids
• Nutritional content standards for foods and beverages
  sold or provided on the school grounds will be formed
  by a nutrition advisory panel in collaboration with the
  Dept. of Health.
• The advisory panel will consist of members of;
   –   Iowa Dietetic Association
   –   School nutrition Association
   –   Iowa Association of School Boards
   –   School Administrators of Iowa
   –   Iowa chapter of the American academy of pediatrics
   –   Parents
   –   Iowa Grocery Industry Association
   –   An accredited nonpublic School
   –   Iowa State Education Association
How is Physical Activity defined
  by the Healthy Kids Act?
• Healthy Kids Act states; The Dept. of
  Education will convene a group of
  “stakeholders” to develop models that
  describe ways to meet the
• Stakeholders (Fitness Working Group)
  – Elementary & Secondary education and
    fitness professionals.
Ways to meet the Healthy
 Kids Act Requirements
• Increase P.E. time
• Increase recess time
• Provide times and locations for planned activity
  (small blocks of minutes)
• Regular P.E. teachers can teach, inform, and aid
  classroom teachers as to how to incorporate
  activity into their regular subject matter.
• In-service programs can be devoted to activity
        Physical Activity/Physical
• There is a Difference between P.A. and P.E.
         (Physical Education)
   – Physical Education seeks to educate the student
     more completely.
      • Works towards Standards (NASPE)
          –   Health related fitness
          –   Social responsibilities
          –   Values and attitudes
          –   Knowledge
          –   Motor skills
• Physical Activity
   – Movement for movement’s sake
   – “Aimless wiggling” is a form of physical activity
 Physical Activity is not a substitute
      for Physical Education
• Quality P.E. can and will contribute to solving the
  problem of growing obesity
• Quantity; P.E. can do more if given the chance;
  More time and better instruction.
• Activity alone will not suffice, it should be paired
  with physical education
   – Integrate activity with other subject matter
   – Help students learn about why and how to utilize
     activity to accomplish healthy life styles.
   – Teach students skills that provide life-long avenues
     for activity.
• Iowa Kids are experiencing a health
  status decline.
• Schools cannot solve the whole problem
• But schools can have a big impact.
• Legislation will require new approaches to
  both physical activity and nutrition.
• Physical Education is a logical and
  important source of solution.
Activity + Education = Physical Education

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