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					                     The Six-Minute
                        Solution:

                             Training Students as
                               Fluency Partners
       Quic kTim e™ and a
         decompress or
are needed t o s ee t his pic ture.




                                                    1
         Introducing Student Fluency
                Partnerships
•   Use the training packet to select
    materials for use in training your
    students in the Six Minute Solution.
•   Training Packet Content:
•   Lesson Plan for Student Fluency
    Partnership Training
•   Six Minute Solution Student Training
    PowerPoint
•   Split column notes for student use during
    student fluency partnership training and
    answer key
•   Split column notes answer sheet




                                                2
Selecting Training Passages

• Select training passages that are one to two years
  BELOW the lowest student in your class. You are
  training students in the procedures- not practicing
  fluency. You want students to focus on how to
  proceed during fluency practice.

• The training packet includes two practice
  passages-Fish Facts( 2nd grade level) Reptiles :
  Cold Blooded Animals ( 3rd grade level). Use these
  passages for training or choose from other
  assessment passages taken in the Six Minute
  Solution.
                                                        3
  Training Slides for PowerPoint
           Presentation


• Use a multimedia projector

• Make transparencies of the
  PowerPoint that accompanies
  this packet.




                                   4
    Lesson Plan : The Six Minute
    Solution : Fluency Partnership
                Training

                Objective :
 To introduce students to the concept of
 fluency, train them in the proper use of
the Six Minute Solution Fluency Program,
  model it and have students practice as
             fluency partners.

                                            5
Lesson Plan : The Six Minute
Solution : Fluency Partnership
            Training

     Training Vocabulary:
            fluency
             script
            vertical
words read correctly per minute

                                  6
Lesson Plan : The Six Minute
Solution : Fluency Partnership
            Training

         Strategies :
          Read Aloud
         Questioning
      Split column notes
   Fluency partner practice

                                 7
        Lesson Plan :Preparation
           Complete prior to student training




Materials : PowerPoint Presentation

Procedure :Read the PowerPoint NOTES
PAGES for Introducing Fluency
Partnerships


                                                8
        Lesson Plan :Introduction
         Complete prior to student training


Materials : PowerPoint Slide 1
         Picture book Wolf

Procedure : Prepare students for learning
by prompting them to discuss some
thought provoking questions.

                                              9
         Think, Pair, Share


• What is fluency?
• Why do you think
  this program is
  called the Six
  Minute Solution?



                              10
             Lesson Plan :Procedures
                Reading Strategy
Materials : Overhead transparency of “Student Fluency Partnership
Training”, the student’s split column notes, class set of split column
notes
PowerPoint presentation

Procedure : The teacher defines the first assignment which is to
complete split-column notes as information is presented by
PowerPoint slides. The students will keep these notes as a
reference in their folders.
The teacher uses the notes page of the PowerPoint presentation to
train, model and provide practice on the use of The Six Minute
Solution.
                                                                     11
             Lesson Plan : Reflection
                    Activity
Materials : Split-column notes

Procedure : Students will use their split-column notes to
independently answer the following question : “Why are we going to
practice fluency building this year?”
Upon completion of their independent responses, students discuss
their ideas.
Answer any questions they may have.
Revisit the question posed at the beginning of the training : “Why is
this program called The Six Minute Solution”?



                                                                    12
                        The Six-Minute
                           Solution:

                                  Training Students as
                                    Fluency Partners
       Quic kTim e™ and a
         decompress or
are needed t o s ee t his pic ture.




                                                         13
Fluency is the ability to read text

                accurately,

               quickly, and

               with expression.
                                 14
 What do you need to know to
be a good fluency partner? How
              to…




        whisper read
                             15
…underline words I don’t know
 the first time I get a new
 passage and raise my hand
 to ask for help.
  0     Helen Keller was born on June 27,
   7 1880. She was a healthy baby at first.
  15 Then she got sick. She had scarlet
  22 fever. Helen almost died. The fever
  28 went away after many days. But Helen
  35 was not the same. She was now deaf and
  44 blind.                                   16
add the
 number of
 correct
 words per
 minute
 (cwpm) I
 read        17
Why are numbers before each line of this passage?

        0    Helen Keller was born on June 27,

        7 1880. She was a healthy baby at first.

       15 Then she got sick. She had scarlet

       22 fever. Helen almost died. The fever

       28 went away after many days. But Helen

       35 was not the same. She was now deaf and

       44 blind.
                                                   18
Let’s practice how to whisper read as a
  whole group

    0    Helen Keller was born on June 27,

    7 1880. She was a healthy baby at first.

   15 Then she got sick. She had scarlet

   22 fever. Helen almost died. The fever

   28 went away after many days. But Helen

   35 was not the same. She was now deaf and

   44 blind.
                                               19
       Let’s practice how to…




draw a vertical line after the last word
                 read
                                     20
Draw a vertical line between the
parentheses on your split-column
             notes.




                                   21
     Let’s practice how to add the number of
       words read correctly per minute (cwpm)

0       Helen Keller was born on June 27,
7    1880. She was a healthy baby at first.
15   Then she got sick. She had scarlet
22 fever. Helen almost died. The fever

28 went away after many days. But Helen

35 was not the same. She was now deaf and

44 blind.
                                TOTAL WORDS READ_____
                                        - Errors   _____   22
                                          = CWPM _____
             Practice whisper reading,
marking the last word you read with a vertical line,
                and computing cwpm.

 0            North and South America are joined by
 7      a little piece of land. Before 1900, it was hard
 17     to get from the East to the West Coast.
 26     Shops had to sail around Cape Horn. It took
 35     three months to go from New York to San
 44     Diego. People wanted a shorter trip.
 60           The French started to dig a canal. It was
 69     hard work. Many workers died of yellow
 77     fever. The French gave up…
 81

                            TOTAL WORDS READ_____
                                    Errors - _____

                                       = CWPM _____
                                                       23
 Why do we reread the same
  passage to build fluency?




…to become fluent readers     24
…to complete homework more
        efficiently




                             25
…to improve our
comprehension


                  26
…to practice
reading
nonfiction
passages



               27
Fluency Partner Behavior

 Partners are selected
according to test data;
 the computer program
   matches partners.


                           28
  Fluency Partner Behavior


Your fluency partnership is
a working relationship for
only 6 minutes of the day.



                              29
    Fluency Partner Behavior

You MUST work
cooperatively and
respectfully.



                               30
   Fluency Partner Behavior

Fluency partners are polite and
 helpful. They use a script to
  make practice go smoothly.




                              31
              Correction Script
1. The partner who marked errors points to the
   first error and says the correct word, “This
   word is _______.”
2. The marker then says, “What word?”
3. The reader then repeats the word correctly.
4. Partners repeat this process until all words are
   corrected.
5. Then say, “You read ____ words. I heard ___
   errors. Your correct words per minute are
  ____.
                                               32
What errors do I mark
   during fluency
      practice?



                    33
    Oral Reading Fluency Errors
Draw a slanted line through these errors.
  /Mispronunciations/Dropped endings
  /Substitutions
  /Hesitations/No attempt
  /Omissions
  /Transpositions (out of sequence)
  /Repeated errors count each time
                                       34
  You do not have to write the
 correct word above the error!
 The incorrect word is written
  above to show you what the
person read aloud. Partners only
   need to draw slanted lines
        through errors.

                               35
       Examples of Errors

Mispronunciation
He walked down the stairs.
                    stars




Dropped Endings

The dogs ran faster and faster.
     dog


                                  36
Substitutions

The fluffy animal strutted across

the open field.
         ground




                                    37
Hesitations/No Attempt

(Reader waits longer than 3 seconds)

  I have a purple bear.



                                       38
Omissions

  My dog ran home quickly.



Transpositions

  The servant cleaned and cooked.



                                    39
Repeated errors count each time. How
 many errors are on this page?
  The reptile slithered down the steps and

 hid in the basement. There are many reptiles

 that live around our house. We are not afraid

 of these reptiles because we know they will

 keep harmful insects from eating our plants.


                                                 40
Repeated errors count each time. How
 many errors are on this page?
  The reptile slithered down the steps and hid
         reptell


 in the basement. There are many reptiles
                                    reptells


 that live around our house. We are not afraid

 of these reptiles because we know they will
            reptells

 keep harmful insects from eating our plants.


                                                 41
   DO NOT COUNT AS ERRORS
 Errors made, then self-corrected

 Repeated words read correctly

 Punctuation errors

 Dialect or speech problems

 Insertions
                                     42
 I’ll read a passage for you to
 practice marking errors. The
passage entitled, “Fish Facts,”
   can be found in your notes
  packet. Remember you only
  draw a slanted line through
             errors.


                                  43
                                                Fish Facts


      There are many kinds of fish. They come in many colors, shapes, and sizes. Some fish are
17    as small as tadpoles. Other are larger than crocodiles. Some fish are thin while others
32    are fat.
34    All fish have 3 important things in common. They all live in water. All fish have fins to
52    control the direction of their movement. They all use gills to get oxygen from the water.
68    Some fish live in the ocean. They are salt-water fish. Other fish live in rivers and lakes.
86    These fish are fresh water fish.
91    Fish are good swimmers. They propel themselves through the water by moving their tails
105   from side to side. Fish use their fins to steer. Some fish have only one fin. But most fish have
125   more than one fin.

129   Gills are water-breathing organs. They are located in the fish’s mouth. The fish takes in water
146   through its mouth. The water goes through gill slits. These help the fish to get oxygen from
163   the water as it passes through.


      Placement Passage 2
      Word Count 163                                                          TOTAL WORDS READ
                                                                                                         143


                                                                                     Minus Errors - _____
                                                                                                      4

                                                                                             = CWPM _____
                                                                                                    44 139
45
How do I graph my
      cwpm?




                    46
       Partner Fluency Graphing Recording Sheet
       Student Name_______________________
Passage Number   403    403     403    403        403    401    401    401

100

95

90

85

80

75

Total Words      80     82      86     90         95     95     97     105


Errors             5       2      1      0          0      5      2     5

Total Correct    75     80      85     90         95     90     95     100
Words
Date             1.10   1.11    1.12   1.13       1.14   1.17   1.18   1.19
                                                                         47
Here is the minute-by-
 minute breakdown of
The Six-Minute Solution:




                           48
                 Minute 1
• Partner 1 arranges the chairs while
  partner 2 picks up the folder.

• Both partners enter today’s date and the
  passage number on their graphs.

• Get ready! Partner 1 always reads first
  while Partner 2 marks errors.


                                             49
               Minute 2
• Partner 1 begins to read when the
  teacher says begin. Partner 1 will
  read for one minute.

• Partner 2 marks errors with a slanted
  line and the last word with a vertical
  line.



                                           50
                    Minute 3
1. Partner 2 uses the correction script to give
  • errors,
  • the total number of words read,
  • the number of errors,
  • and the total correct words per minute
     (cwpm).

2. Partner 2 then erases the errors while Partner 1
   enters cwpm on his/her graph.




                                                      51
               Minute 4
• Partner 2 begins to read when the
  teacher starts the timer. Partner 2
  reads for 1 minute.
• Partner 1 marks errors with a
  slanted line and the last word with a
  vertical line.



                                          52
               Minute 5
1. Partner 1 uses the correction script to
   give
  • errors,
  • the total number of words read,
  • the number of errors,
  • and the total correct words per
     minute.
2. Partner 1 then erases the errors while
   Partner 2 enters cwpm on his/her graph.

                                         53
             Minute 6


• Partner 1 puts the chairs back in
  place.

• Partner 2 puts the folder away.



                                    54
    Let’s’ practice the
Six-Minute Solution using
the passage in your split-
      column notes.




                             55
 Use your split-column notes to
     answer this question:


Why are we
 going to
 practice
 building fluency
 this year?


                                  56
 Before you leave class,
   write at least three
 sentences that describe
what you think of fluency
 practice based on what
  you’ve learned today.

                            57

				
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