Civics - 1st Nine Weeks Assessment (study guide)

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					                        Civics - 1st Nine Weeks Assessment (study guide)

 1. What jurisdiction allows a court to hear appeals from a lower court?
 2. What is the group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president?
 3. What keeps one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
 4. A _____________________ requires police to explain to a court why they are holding a prisoner.
 5. If the president ignores a bill for 10 days and Congress is not in session, it is a
 6. If a case can be heard in either a federal or a state court, those courts have _____________________
    jurisdiction.
 7. The Boston Tea Party caused Parliament to pass the Coercive Acts, which Americans called the
    _____________________ Acts.
 8. _____________________ try to influence government decisions.
 9. What is the term that is used when an official is formally accused of misconduct in office?
10. Who wrote Common Sense?
11. What refers to powers given to state governments but not to the national government?
12. What is a nation’s overall plan for dealing with other nations?
13. Unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group is called what?
14. What is the tactic of delaying a vote until a bill’s sponsor withdraws the measure?
15. The president may grant _____________________ to pardon a group of people.
16. The _____________________ is a population count taken every 10 years.
17. What is the term for a detailed, written plan of government?
18. The most powerful member of the House of Representatives is the _____________________.
19. The _____________________ combines appointment of judges by the governor with popular elections.
20. What is the term for a court’s authority to hear and decide cases?
21. State electoral districts must be equally _____________________, or based on population.
22. By _____________________, the Supreme Court decides if a law is constitutional.
23. What is the indirect method we use to elect the president?
24. The Nineteenth Amendment extended _____________________ to women.
25. What marked the beginning of self-government in colonial America?
26. Senators can end a filibuster by a three-fifths vote in favor of _____________________.
27. What regulates the ways state and local governments can raise and spend money?
28. What is the term for the geographic area covered by an appeals court?
29. The _____________________ Amendment protected the right of women to vote in all national and state
    elections.
30. Many Southern states practiced _____________________, or the social separation of the races.
31. The Declaration of Independence states that among our inalienable rights are “Life, Liberty, and
    _____________________.”
32. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as the _____________________.
33. The _____________________ called for Congress to have a Senate and a House of Representatives.
34. A(n) _____________________ usually manages elections and maintains the state’s official records.
35. A _____________________is a court order requiring someone to appear in court.
36. The _____________________was the first constitution of the United States of America.
37. What are completely unrelated amendments tacked onto a Senate bill?
38. Where does the president live and work?
39. _____________________ is the notion that governmental power lies with the people.
40. _____________________ is a formal agreement between two or more countries.
41. The right to _____________________ means the right to express one’s ideas to the government.
42. What is the basic goal of American foreign policy?
43. Which amendment protects Americans “against unreasonable searches and seizures”?
44. The form of government in which power is divided between the national government and the states is called
    _____________________.
45. A state has as many _____________________ as the total of its U.S. senators and representatives.
46. What is the most important role of the president?
47. The president has the power to issue an _____________________, which is a rule or command that has the
    force of law.
48. What freedoms are protected by the First Amendment?
49. Who follows the vice president in succession to the presidency?
50. What term refers to government projects and grants that primarily benefit a Congress member’s home state?
51. _____________________ are held by both state and federal governments.
52. What plan proposed that every five enslaved persons would count as three free persons?
53. Congress may not pass _____________________ laws, or laws that make an act a crime after the act has been
    committed.
54. The Twenty-fifth Amendment makes provisions for presidential _________________________.
55. The middle part of the _____________________ states the six purposes of the government.