Common Grammar Mistakes by hcj


									                            Common Grammar Mistakes

1. Fragments- group of words that does not express a complete thought.
ex- To go to school. Did their homework last night.

2. Run-ons- two or more complete sentences that are not properly joined or
Ex- I rode the bus to school today it got to school late.

3. Commas with a conjunction, series, and introductory phrases- Use a comma
before a conjunction in a compound sentence. Use commas to separate three or
more words, phrases, or clauses in a series. Use a comma after an introductory
word, phrase, or clause.

4. Weather/whether- Weather describes how it is outside. Whether is a
conjunction used to introduce alternatives.

5. Granted/granite- You take something for granted. Granite is a type of rock.

6. Their/there/they’re- Their is a possessive pronoun and always modifies an
noun. There can be used at the beginning of a sentence or as an adverb. They’re is
a contraction meaning they are.
Ex- Students feel as if they spend all of their time doing homework. There are
many obstacles a teenager encounters in high school. They’re going to the football
game on Friday.

7. Your/You’re- Your is a possessive pronoun that modifies a noun. You’re is a
contraction that stands for you are.
Ex- You’re going to the game Friday, right? Did you do your homework?

8. Apostrophes with possession and contractions- Use an apostrophe and s to
show the possessive case of most singular nouns and plural nouns that do not end
in s or es. Add an apostrophe to show the possessive case of plural nouns ending
in s or es. Use an apostrophe in a contraction to indicate the position of the
missing letter or letters.

9. Spell out numbers less than 100- You should spell out numbers less than 100

10. Capitalization- proper nouns, beginning of a sentence, book titles

11. Were/Where/We’re/Wear- Were is a verb. Where is a conjunction. We’re
means we are. Wear is a verb.

12. Probably- notice the spelling!!
13. Plurals- y to i + es
ex: daisy- daisies

14. its/it’s- Its is a possessive pronoun. It’s means it is.

15. double negatives- Don’t know nothing. Should be Don’t know anything.

16. since/sense- Since the beginning of the year, homework gets turned into the
basket. Have you seen the movie The Sixth Sense?

17. Verb tenses- Verbs should agree with the subject of the sentence.

18. Definitely- Notice the spelling!!

19. Titles- quotation marks vs. underline/italics- Quotation marks- short stories,
poems, articles; Underline- book titles, movies, long works

20. To/Too/Two- to is a preposition, begins a phrase, or an infinitive; too is an
adverb that modifies adjectives and other adverbs; two is a number
ex- to the homestead, to dig, too dry, two cows

21. Quiet/Quite- Notice the spelling!!!

22. Remember- Notice the spelling!!!

23. A/An- use a before consonant sounds; use an before vowel sounds. Words
beginning with h, o, or u could be a consonant or vowel sound
ex- a dog, an hour, a whale, an eagle

24. a lot- is TWO words.

25. Would have NOT would of- Do not use the preposition of in place of the
verb have.
Ex- A single sheriff would of watched over a group of towns. WRONG
    A single sheriff would have watched over a group of towns. CORRECT

26. Than/Then- Than is used in comparisons. Then is an adverb.
Ex- The telegraph was faster than the pony express.
    First people used telegraphs, then they used the telephone.

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