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REMEDIES PART I MONETARY RELIEF I. REMEDIAL CHOICE: INTERESTS AND PURPOSES A. Introduction Fuller and Purdue, The Reliance Interest B. Expectation Damages: Special Issues Beal, Remedies for Breach Vernon, Expectancy Damages R.G. McLean v. Canadian Vickers Baer, The Assessment of Damages Toronto Industrial Leaseholds v. Posesorski Waddams, Non-Pecuniary Loss Wallace v. United Grain Growers C. Reliance Damages Ogus, The Law of Damages Bowlay Logging v. Domtar Sunshine Vacation v. The Bay Burrows, Remedies Contract and Tort Beaver Lumber v. Mclenaghan V.K. Mason v. Bank of Nova Scotia Rainbow Caterers v. C.N.R. D. Restitutionary Damages Street, Principles Whitwham v. Westminster Brymbo Coal and Coke Company Wrotham Park Estate Co. v. Parkside Homes Ltd. Note on Surrey County v Bredero Strand Electric Co. v. Brisford Entertainments Ltd. Peter Pan Manufacturing v. Corsets Silhouette Ltd. Seager v. Copydex, Ltd. (No.2) Tonwsview Properties v. Sun Construction Co. Ltd. Valuation Issues in Restitution (Unpaid Work and Civil Litigation) reserve E. Exemplary Damages Cassell & Co. Ltd. v. Broome Vorvis v. ICBC II. LIMITING PRINCIPLES A. Remoteness H. Parsons (Livestock) Ltd. v. Uttley Ingham Kienzle v. Stringer Cooke, “Remoteness of Damages” B. Certainty and Causation Schrump v. Koot Farrell v. Snell Laferriere v. Lawson Sunrise Co. v. The “Lake Winnipeg” Bhopal, Materials on Causation C. Mitigation Valuation of Chance of Avoiding Loss Janiak v. Ippolito Defining Avoided Loss Erie County Natural Gas v. Carroll Cockburn v. Trusts & Guarantee Co. Jamal v. Moolla Dawood Sons & Co. Campbell Mostyn Ltd v. Barnett Trading Co. Slater v. Hoyle & Smith Ltd. D. Time of Assessment Asamera Oil Ltd. v. Sea Oil & General Corp et al Dodd Properties v. Canterbury City Council Wroth v. Tyler Semelhago v. Parmadevan E. Measurement Issues: Reinstatement or Diminution Damage to Chattels Dewess v. Morrow O’Grady v. Westminster Scaffolding Ltd. Darbishire v. Warran Property Damage C.R. Taylor Ltd. v. Hepworths Ltd. Jens v. Mannix Co. Kates v. Hall Betterment Harbutt’s Plasticine v. Wayne Tank James St. Hardware v. Spizzirii Breach of Contract Posner, Economic Analysis of Law Radford v. DeFroberville Groves v. John Wunder Co. Miles v. Marshall Ruxley Electronics v. Forsyth III. DAMAGES FOR PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH A. Approaches to Compensation Introduction Ontario Task Force on Insurance Klar “New Zealand’s Accident Scheme” Woodhouse “A Challenge to the Law” Weiler, Reshaping Worker’s Compensation Automobile Insurance Law Commission, Personal Injury Dewees, Duff, Trebilcock, Exploring Accident Law B. Personal Injury Damages Assessment Introduction Andrews v. Grand and Toy Alberta Ltd. Notes Non-Pecuniary Losses Lindal v. Lindal Notes and Questions Loss of Earning Capacity Teno v. Arnold Andrews v. Grand and Toy Thornton v. Prince George Duration and the Problem of Lost Years Semenoff v. Kokan Future Care, Overlap and Contingencies Notes Penso v. Solowan and Public Trustees 20% - any more requires “unusual factors” Andrews v. Grand and Toy 20% Thornton v. Prince George 10% Lewis v. Todd 0% Discount Rates Lewis v. Todd Taxation The Queen in Right of Ont. v. Jennings Notes Collateral Benefits Intro Boarelli v. Flannigan Ratych v. Bloomer Nanji v. Habib Carde v. Gray Carano v. Brooks Cooper v. Miller (Cunningham v. Wheeler) Fatal Injuries and Third Parties Keizer v. Hanna Mason v. Peters Notes and Questions Capacity or Wage Loss (a) lost chances Conklin v. Smith Hearndon v. Rondeau (b) Children Teno v. Arnold Wipfli v. Britten Houle v. City of Calgary (c) Voluntary Underemployment Blackstock v. Patterson Turenne v. Chung Varkonyi v. C.P. Rail (d) Depressed Awards Due to Gender and Race (i) gendered and racialized assumptions: level of earnings Toews v. McKenzie Teno v. Arnold Penso v. Sollowan (ii) duration: contingency that pl would have married Caco v. Maple Lodge Farms Ltd. Quick v. Nicholls Lang v. Porter (iii) duration: contingency that pl. will still marry Penso v. Sollowan Clarke v. Clarke (iv) duration: early retirement Boughey v. Rogers (v) systemic discrimination (A) gendered statistics (B) racialized statistics (e) Countering Bias (i) positive assumptions as contingencies Oppen v. Johnson Estate Olah v. Groedecke (ii) Lost family income Blackstock v. Patterson Reekie v. Messervey Newll v. Hawthornthwaite Tucker v. Asleson Toneguzzo-Norvell v. Burnaby (iii) Lost Household production (A) enhanced awards for cost of care Waterhouse v. Fedor Busche v. Connors (B) express valuation of non-market capacity Quick v. Nicholls Kwok v. B.C. Ferries Fobel v. Dean (f) Countering Systemic discrimination (i) improved earnings as a positive contingency B. v. H. (ii) gender and race-neutral statistics Tucker v. Asleson MacCabe v. Westlock PART II: EQUITABLE REMEDIES IV. INJUNCTIONS A. Introduction B. Quia Timet Injunctions and the Problem of Ripeness Fletcher v. Bealy Palmer v. Nova Scotia Forest Ind. Hooper v. Rodgers Notes and Questions C. Mandatory Injunctions: Definitions and Supervision Redland Bricks v. Morris Notes Questions and Problems D. Injunctions to Protect Property Interests Introduction Goodson v. Richardson Notes and Questions Wollerton and Wilson v. Richard Constain Ltd. Notes and Questions John Trenberth Ltd. Nat. Westminster Bank Notes and Questions A Note of Post-Judgment Bargaining Alternatives to Injunctive Relief E. Nuisance Miller v. jackson Sharpe, Injunctions and Specific Performance Boomer v. Atlantic Cement Co. Ltd. Notes and Questions Spur Industries Inc. v. Del E. Webb F. Domestic Violence and the Family Home G. Criminal Equity: Injunctions to Protect Public Rights The Role of Attorney General and the Courts Gouriet v. Union of Post Office Workers A.G. Alberta v. Plantation Indoor Plants Ltd. Notes and Questions A.G. British Columbia v. Couillard A.G. of Nova Scotia v. Beaver Public Rights Injunctions in Labour Matters The Role of the Individual: Standing Problem V. INTERLOCUTORY INJUNCTIONS A. Introduction B. Accessibility Threshold Hammond, “Interlocutory Injunctions” American Cyanmid v. Ethicion Notes and Questions Hammond, “Interlocutory Injunctions” Notes and Questions C. Irreparable Harm Mott-Trille v. Steed Hunt v. Canada D. Special Situations Films Rover v. Cannon Film Sales Cantol Ltd. v. Brodi Chemicals Canada Metal Co. v. C.B.C. E. Undertakings Viewegar Construction v. Rush Notes F. Mareva Injunctions Development and General Principles Mareva Compania v. International Bulkcarriers S.A. Aetna Financial Services Ltd. v. Feigelman Notes and Questions 1) Introduction: The Established Rule 2) The Problems 3) Lord Denning to the Rescue: the Mareva is Born 4) Post Mareva Jurisprudence: English Developments The Siskina Third Chandris Shipping Corp. v. Unimarine S.A., The Pythis 5) The Reception in Canada O.S.F. Industries Ltd. v. Marc-Jay Investments Inc. Liberty Nat’l Bank & Trust Co. v. Atkin Cdn Pacific Airlines v. Hind 6) Post Aetna: Availability within Canada Bradley v. Kelvin Gateway Village Inc. v. Sybra Food Services 7) Obtaining a Mareva: Balancing 1. Strength of Applicant’s Case Chitel v. Rothbart 2. Risk of Lost Assets/Removal MacIsaak, Clark & Co. v. Koopmans 3. Existence and Location of Assets Ashtiani v. Kashi Zellers Inc. v. Doobay Banco Ambrosiano Holdings v. Dunkeld Ranching Ltd. 4. Disclosure Chitel v. Rothbart 5. Damages Undertaking Allen v. Jambo Holdings Ltd 8) Recent Developments and Refinements 1. Domestic Defendants 2. Types of Property Rasu Maratima S.A. v. Perusahann Allen v. Jambo Holdings Ltd. Northern Sales Co. Ltd. v. Gov’t Trading Corp of Iran 3. Location of Assets Ashtiani v. Kashi Zellers Inc. v. Doobay Banco Ambrosiano Holdings v. Dunkeld Ranching Ltd. 4. Priorities Wagner v. Barnes 5. Locating the Assets and Examining Def. 6. The Order 9) The Rights and Liabilities of Third Parties and Extra-Territoriality Z. Ltd. v. A-Z and AA-LL Ltd. Derby v. Weldon 10) Interrogatories Sekisui House Kabushiki Kaisha v. Nagashima G. Anton Piller Injunctions Anton Piller K.G. v. Manufacturing Process Ltd. Berryman, “Anton Piller Orders” Jurisdictional Base Procedural Safeguards and Implementation Berryman “Anton Piller Orders” Bardeau (Ltd.) v. Crown Food Services Notes Berryman “Anton Piller Orders” H. Anti Suit Injunctions Amchem Products v. B.C. VI. SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE A. General Principles The Limited Availability of Specific Performance Farnsworth, “Legal Remedies” Posner, “Economic Analysis of Law” Schwartz “Case for Specific Performance” Equitable Considerations Falcke v. Gray Ryan v. Mutual Tontine Tanenbaum v. W.J. Bell Paper Co. Ltd. Notes B. Long Term and Relational Contracts Specific Performance Dominion Iron & Steel Co. v. Dominion Coal Dominion Iron & Steel Co. v. Dominion Coal (P.C.) Injunctions Fothergill v. Rowland Metropolitan Electric Supply Co. Ltd. v. Ginder Thoma Borthwick Ltd. v. South Otago Freezing S.B.I. Management Ltd. v. Wabush Prairie Hospitality v. Renard C. Personal Service Contracts Lumley v. Wagner Waner Bros. Pictures Inc. v. Nelson Detroit Football Co. v. Dublinski Page One Records Ltd. v. Britton D. Land Contracts Introduction Semelhago v. Parmedavan E. Discretionary Reasons for the Denial of Relief “Equity will not aid a volunteer” Riches v. Burns Inadequacy of Consideration Hardship Patel v. Ali Stewart v. Amvrosina The “Clean hands” doctrine Cerilli v. Klodt Laches Grauer Estate v. Government of Canada Mutuality Hanbury, Modern Equity
"REMEDIES REMEDIES PART I MONETARY RELIEF I REMEDIAL"