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Direct & Indirect Speech

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					Direct & Indirect Speech
    Direct Speech is also called Quoted Speech.
    The quoted speech refers to reproducing
    words exactly as they were originally
    spoken. Quotation marks (“…”) are used.

Example:

   She said, “My brother is a student.”

   John asked, “Will you answer my question?”
 Indirect Speech is also called reported
 speech. Reported speech refers to using a
 noun clause to report what someone has
 said. No quotation marks are used.
 It is divided into 4 categories:

1. Statement (using “that”)
Example:

He said, “The sunset is very wonderful”
He said that the sunset was very wonderful.
2. Interrogative (using “if/whether”)

Example:

David asked, “Can you come to my party?”


David asked me if/whether I could come
  to his party.
3. Imperative/Command
   (using “to + Infinitive”)

Example:

The lecturer said, “Open page 78?”

The lecturer said to open page 78.
4. Question words
Example:

My uncle asked “How far is it from
 Surabaya to Jakarta?”

My uncle asked how far it was form
 Surabaya to Jakarta.
Exercise:
   Change the following sentences from
    direct to indirect speech.
1. The doctor said, “Mr. Smith will improve
   quickly.”
2. John asked. “Does Nancy live near
   here?”
3. Jennifer asked, “What do you want?”
4. The coach said “Win the game!”
IDIOMS IN ENGLISH
1. To pick out (to choose, select).
Ex: I want to pick out some new ties to
    give brother as a present.

2. To take one’s time (to work or go leisurely,
   avoid hurrying).
Ex: William never works rapidly. He always
   takes his time in everything that he does.

3. To talk over (to discuss, consider)
Ex: We talked over Carl’s plan to put in
   conditioning but could not come to a
   decision.
4. To lie down (to recline, take a lying
 position)
Ex: The doctor says that Grace must lie
 down and rest an hour every afternoon.

5. To stand up (to rise, take an upright or
 standing position after being seated)
Ex: When the President entered, everyone
 in the room stood up
THANK YOU

				
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Description: Direct & Indirect Speech Lesson