Trapping Guide by AndyMcNally

VIEWS: 425 PAGES: 24

									2008- 2009
Trapping
Guide
                                                                                                                      table of contents
Minister’s Message                                  3                                                                                 Furbearer Harvests and Values                      10
Trapper Boundaries Map                            4                                                                                        First Nations                                      12
                                                                                                                                                                                 The Rights and Responsibilities of
2008-2009 Trapping Season Schedule                 5
                                                                                                                                                                                     First Nations People Who Trap in Manitoba .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 12
2008-2009 Changes                                 6                                                                                             Responsibilities .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 12
                                                                                                                                                                                 Safety Requirements .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 12
Future Considerations                               6
                                                                                                                                                                                 Mutual Respect .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 13
General Information                                6                                                                                            Treaty Land Entitlement  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 13
       Licences and Permits .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 6
                                                                                                                                                                        Furbearer Management                            13
       Accidental Furbearer Capture Policy  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 6
                                                                                                                                                                                 Beaver Management .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 13
       Trapping and Sharing the Land .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 6
                                                                                                                                                                                 Predator Management  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 14
       Sunday Trapping .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 7
                                                                                                                                                                                 Trapping and Forestry  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 14
       Trapping and Firearms  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 7
                                                                                                                                                                                 Other Programs  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 14
       Trapping and Firearms Use in Refuges .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 7
       Electronic Calls  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 7     Furbearer Diseases                                 15
Trapping in Manitoba                               7                                                                                    Co-operating Organizations                         15
       Mandatory Trapper Education  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .7                                        Manitoba Trappers Association  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 15
       Trapper Responsibilities  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .7                            The Canadian National Trappers Alliance .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 15
                                                                                                                                                                                 Fur Institute of Canada  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 15
Thompson Fur Table                                 8
                                                                                                                                                                        Humane Trapping                                  16
Furbearer Primeness                                8
                                                                                                                                                                        The Registered Trapline System and the Lineholder  22
Trapping Regulations                               9
       Wild Fur Royalties  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 10              For More Information                              24
       Fur Dealers  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 10
       Exporting Raw Fur  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 10
       Special Permits  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 10


                                                                                                                          Maps and tables
  Trapping Boundaries Map                                       4                                                                 Manitoba Trappers Association Predator Removal Summary       14
  2008-2009 Trapping Season Schedule                            5                                                                           Phase 1 - Certified Traps                                        17
  Furbearer Primeness Chart                                      8                                                                Phase 2 - Certified Traps                                        18
  Schedule of Royalties                                          10                                                            Phase 3 - Cage and Box Traps                                   18
  Manitoba Trapper Licences Issued                               10                                                                       Summary of Uses of Leghold Traps and Snare Devices
  Furbearers Taken by Manitoba Trappers                          11                                                                            in Manitoba                                                  19
  Average Auction Value of Manitoba Furbearers                   11                                                                                  RXB pUVrSSuPoB RnXWuVB Lun VunuVB         20

  Royalty – Total Collected                                       11                                                             WnUfpWnB Q Wl RrUo RnXuV Run VunuV ES                                                                                                              21

  Beaver Removal Program Summary                             13


  Cover photo - Marten (Martes americana) has become the most valuable furbearer for our trappers In the middle of the 20th Century, its range in
  Manitoba had shrunk to forests in the most northern parts of the province After 1980, it dramatically re-occupied most boreal habitats throughout
  Manitoba and trapper harvest peaked at a record 33,040 in winter of 2000/01


 2
Minister’s Message
   This past year, trappers experienced the implementation of humane trap
   regulations in Manitoba and across Canada . These regulations were part
   of obligations developed under the Canada-Russia- European Union (EU)
   Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards . Canada, Russia
   and the EU each developed legislation that requires the use of certified,
   humane traps for species identified in the agreement . This change keeps
   our fur markets to the EU open for business .

   I commend Manitoba’s trappers for their understanding and co-operation
   to make the necessary changes to ensure that a large portion of the fur
   market was maintained .

   Society is recognizing more and more that trappers play an important role
   in helping reduce property losses and human health risks from beavers,
   coyotes, raccoons and wolves . For example, trapping beaver helps prevent
   the flooding of roads, agricultural land and other private property .

   Manitoba Conservation is working towards reducing the number of
   conflicts with certain furbearers like coyotes . It is important to keep
   in mind that while Manitoba Conservation is committed to providing
   sustainable populations of furbearers to harvest by trappers, we are also
   obligated to reduce property damages caused by these same furbearers .
   We must strive to find a balance between economic opportunities for
   trappers and reduced financial losses to livestock producers .

   Recently, my department and Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation,
   Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives and the Manitoba
   Trappers Association delivered several workshops demonstrating
   improved animal husbandry practices and techniques to hunt and trap
   coyotes and other predators . Co-operative efforts like this must continue
   because it builds positive relationships between trappers, hunters and
   agricultural producers .

   I thank Manitoba trappers for their continued hard work and look forward
   to their continued efforts this coming season .




   Stan Struthers
   Conservation Minister




                                                                                3
TRAPPING GUIDE



                      trapping boundaries Map


                                            NOTE: This map is intended only to show
                                                  the approximate boundaries of
                                                  trapping areas. For more detailed
                                                  information, consult your Natural
                                                  Resource Officer.

                                      Wapusk
                                      National
                                       Park




                                         TrApping ArEAS LEgEnD
                                             1. Open Trapping Area Zone 1
                                             2. Open Trapping Area Zone 2
                                             2A. Open Trapping Area Zone 2A
                                             3. Open Trapping Area Zone 3
                                             4. Open Trapping Area Zone 4
                                             5. Open Trapping Area Zone 5
                                             6. Northern RTL District
                                             6A. Barrenlands RTL District
                                             7. Interlake RTL District
                                             8. Western RTL District
                                             9. Northern Special Trapping District: includes
                                                 Saskeram/Summerberry/Clearwater
                          DELTA                  Special Trapping Areas (STAs), & Easterville
                           STA
                                                 RTL Section
                                             10. Southern RTL District
                                             11. Eastern RTL District

                                                 Southern Special Trapping District: includes
                                                 Delta STA (Delta, St. Laurent, Flee Island, St.
                                                 Marks units), Oak Lake STA, Whitewater STA
             WHiTEWATEr
              LAKE STA




4
                                                                                                                                                                 TRAPPING GUIDE



                                                                                      2008-2009 TRAPPING SeASON SCHeDULe
                                                                           Area/zone numbers below refer to the map legend on the previous page
                                                                       OAZ = Open Trapping Area Zone; RTL = Registered Trapline; ST = Special Trapping


                                                                                   SePt Oct NOv Dec                       JAN       Feb          mAr APr mAY JuNe JulY AuG
                        beAver                  All Areas                                                           Oct. 1, 2008 to May 31, 2009
 AquAtic/Semi-AquAtic




                        miNk                    RTL Section 6 & 6A                                        Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                                                All Other Areas                                    Nov. 1, 2008 to Jan. 31, 2009
                        muSkrAt                 OAZ 5; Northern ST District;
                                                All RTL Districts (except                                          Oct. 14, 2008 to May 31, 2009
                                                Gypsumville RTL Section &
                                                Camperduck Blocks A & B)
                                                Gypsumville RTL Section                                                                   Mar. 15, 2009 to April 30, 2009
                                                Camperduck Blocks A & B
                                                OAZ 1-4                                                        Oct. 14, 2008 to April 30, 2009
                                                Southern ST Districts, Oak                                     Oct. 14, 2008 to April 30, 2009
                                                Hammock Marsh &                                                     Special Permit Only
                                                Grant’s Lake WMAs
                        river                   OAZ 1                                                           Closed
                        Otter                   RTL District 10                                    Nov. 1, 2008 to Jan. 31, 2009 (Quota of 2* per trapline)
                                                OAZ 2, 2A, 3, 4 & RTL District 8                          Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                                                All Other Areas                                              Nov. 1, 2008 to March 31, 2009
                        bADGer                  All Areas                                          Nov. 1, 2008 to Jan. 31, 2009
                        blAck                   Northern ST District & RTL              Sept. 16, 2008                                                    April 1, 2009
                        beAr                    Districts 6-8, 11 (except              to Nov. 14, 2008                        Closed                   to May 31, 2009
                                                Whiteshell RTL Section)
                                                Whiteshell RTL Section                 Sept. 16, 2008                          Closed                   April 1, 2009
                                                                                      to Nov. 14, 2008                                                to May 19, 2009
                                                All other areas                                                      Closed
                        FiSHer                  OAZ 1 & RTL District 10                            Nov. 1, 2008 to Jan. 31, 2008 (Quota of 2* per trapline in RTL District 10)
                                                RTL Districts 6 & 6A                                      Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                                                All Other Areas                                      Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 15, 2009
                        FOx                     RTL District 6 & 6A                                              Nov. 15, 2008 to Mar. 31, 2009
                        (Arctic)                All Other Areas                                                      Closed
                        FOx (reD)               RTL District 6A                                               Nov. 15, 2008 to Mar. 31, 2009
 terreStriAl




                        & cOYOte                All Other Areas                                      Oct. 14, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                        lYNx &                  All Areas                                                      Dec. 1, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                        bObcAt
                        mArteN                  RTL Districts 6 & 6A                                      Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                                                OAZ 1 & RTL District 10                            Nov. 1, 2008 to Jan. 31, 2009 (Quota of 4* per trapline in RTL District 10)
                                                All Other Areas                                       Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 15, 2009
                        rAccOON                 OAZ 1                                                          Oct. 1, 2008 to April 30, 2009
                                                All Other Areas                                                Oct. 14, 2008 to April 30, 2009
                        reD                     All Other Areas                                       Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 15, 2009
                        Squirrel                RTL Districts 6 & 6A                                      Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                        timber                  OAZ 1, 2                                            Oct. 14, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                        WOlF                    OAZ 2A                                                               Closed
                                                All Other Areas                                             Oct. 14, 2008 to Mar. 31, 2009
                        WeASel                  All Other Areas                                       Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 15, 2009
                        (Long & Short-tailed)
                                                RTL Districts 6 & 6A                                      Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 28, 2009
                        WOlveriNe               OAZ 1-5                                                              Closed
                                                All Other Areas                                      Nov. 1, 2008 to Feb. 15, 2009

* Otter, Marten and Fisher: RTL District 10 — pelts must be tagged prior to sale.




                                                                                                                                                                                 5
TRAPPING GUIDE




           2008-2009 changes                                                    general inforMation
Certified Humane Trap Requirements                                       Licences and Permits
•		 In	Manitoba,	only	certified	humane	traps	can	be	used	for	            Manitoba trapping licences are available only to residents of
    beaver, fisher, marten, muskrat and raccoon . Certified              Manitoba. Fees are:
    restraining traps must be used for lynx .                            •	 Registered	Trapline	(RTL)	Permit:	                       $10.00
•		 New	certified	traps	have	been	added	for	the	                         •	 Open	Area	Licence: †		                                     $5.00
    following species:                                                   •	 Open	Area	Licence	–	Treaty: †                               Free
        •	 Beaver	(underwater	and	on	land):	Duke	330,	Sauvageau	         •	 Youth	Trapping	Licence/Permit:*†	                           Free
            11-F, Sauvageau 2001-12
                                                                         *	 Youth	trapping	permits	are	available	free	of	charge	if	the	
        •	 Raccoon:	Rudy	220	Plus,	Northwood	155                            trapper is 12 to 17 years of age on the:
        •	 Fisher:	Rudy	220	Plus
                                                                            a) day of the first common season (October 1 for Beaver) and
•		 See	page	17	for	the	complete	list	of	all	certified	traps.	
                                                                            b) day that the permit is obtained
    Additional traps may be added throughout the season; please
    check the Fur Institute of Canada’s website at www .fur .ca for         The age requirements for this youth permit are the same as for
    updates to the certified traps listing .                                youth hunting licences .
                                                                         † Special Trapping Areas - separate approvals must be obtained
Marten in Turtle Mountain                                                   from the nearest District Office to trap in STAs .
•		 The	quota	for	marten	in	the	Turtle	Mountain	Registered	
                                                                         See Mandatory Trapper Education requirements on page 7 .
    Trapline Section (Southern Registered Trapping District) is
    reduced to four (4) per trapline from eight (8) per trapline . The   When fur is being shipped, sold or taken to a taxidermist or tanner
    pelt-tagging requirement is maintained .                             for mounting or dressing, the following information must be provided:
                                                                         name, address and licence number of the trapper who caught the
Fur Dealers                                                              furbearer, plus the area where the furbearer was taken . Record licence
•		 See	page	10	for	changes	to	the	Miscellaneous Licences and            numbers correctly or your fur production will not be credited to you .
    Permits Regulation MR 53/2007 .
                                                                         Accidental Furbearer Capture Policy
exporting Raw Fur                                                        Occasionally, a furbearer will be taken accidentally (outside the open
•		 Environment	Canada	CITES	(Convention	on	International	Trade	         season, for example) . The trapper may be allowed to keep and
    in Endangered Species) export permits are only available             market	the	animal	if	a	possession	permit	(cost	of	$10	for	a	furbearer)	
    through Environment Canada . See page 10 for details .               is obtained as soon as possible from Manitoba Conservation . All other
                                                                         accidental captures of the same species by the same trapper must
                                                                         be turned over to the nearest Manitoba Conservation office and will
     future considerations                                               remain the property of the Crown . The exception is black bear; Open
                                                                         Area trappers are not allowed to keep a black bear taken accidentally
                                                                         (except in Northern Special Trapping Districts) .
•		 Establish	new	fee	structures	for	trapper’s	licences	and	royalties	
    that would be comparable with the other provinces .                  Trapping and Sharing the Land
•		 Introduce	a	separate	hunting	licence	for	coyote,	and	possibly	       Trappers share Crown and private lands with other users . It is
    fox and raccoon in the Open Trapping Area .                          important that trappers use care to minimize potential conflicts
•		 Implement	fees	for	Trapper	Education	courses	and	materials.          with other users of the land
                                                                         •		 Trappers	who	use	private	lands	are	encouraged	to	provide	the	
                                                                             landowner with a map showing the locations of their traps and
                                                                             the types of traps being used . In this way, the landowner can
                                                                             caution other users of the land about trapping activity and reduce
                                                                             the possibility of injury to other users and domestic animals .
                                                                         •		 With	the	permission	of	the	pasture	manager,	PFRA	community	
                                                                             pastures are generally open to trappers after livestock have
                                                                             been removed .

6
                                                                                                                   TRAPPING GUIDE



•		 When	trapping	in	built-up	areas	and/or	cottage	subdivisions,	
    trappers are advised to use extreme caution in selecting the
                                                                                 trapping in Manitoba
    location for sets . Please remember that people and pets
    may frequent the area                                               Any Manitoba resident wishing to obtain a trapping licence is
                                                                         required by regulation to satisfactorily complete the Trapper
Sunday Trapping                                                          Education Course . If a Manitoba resident has previously held a
Taking furbearers, timber wolves and black bear is permitted on          trapping licence or permit from Manitoba or another province, he
Sundays, provided:                                                       or she is not required to take this training . The mandatory trapper
                                                                         training is offered in two ways:
•		 the	trapper	holds	a	valid	trapping	licence.
•		 it	occurs	in	an	area	with	a	trapping	season	for	that	species.        1 . First-time trappers may borrow a manual from any Manitoba
                                                                             Conservation district office and complete a multiple-choice
Trapping and Firearms                                                        question examination . A passing mark of 80 per cent is required .
The discharge of a firearm is prohibited from 1/2 hour after                 If this is not achieved, a second examination may be written later .
sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise .                                      2 . Attend a Trapper Education Course and then write the exam .
Trappers should contact municipal officials about by-laws that           Persons under the age of 14 must be accompanied by a licensed
may affect the discharge of firearms, including on Sundays .             trapper when engaged in trapping activities in the field
Several municipalities have such by-laws in place, which
override provincial legislation .                                        Mandatory Trapper education
                                                                                                 Trapper education is an important part of
Trapping and Firearms Use in Refuges                                                                furbearer management in Manitoba .
The Wildlife Act of Manitoba designates certain lands as being                                        Courses may be available on request and
refuges for wildlife . Depending upon the type of refuge, trapping or                                 are usually two days or three evenings .
the use of firearms may or may not be prohibited . For example:                                       Subject areas covered include:
•		 A	“Wildlife	Refuge”	protects	all	species,	and	all	hunting	and	
    trapping is prohibited . As well, the discharge of a firearm or
    the possession of a loaded firearm is prohibited . A Wildlife
    Refuge can take the form of discrete blocks of land of a few to      •	   History	of	the	Fur	Trade	     •	   Humane	Trapping
    many hectares, or can run 300 metres along each side of the          •	   Trapline	Management           •	   Problem Animal Control Methods
    centre line of a road such as the Duck Mountain Wildlife Refuge .
                                                                         •	   Furbearer	Biology	            •	   Furbearer	Management
    This type of refuge along a road is not the same restriction as is
    found under The Provincial Parks Act, which prohibits hunting,       •	   Public	Awareness	             •	   Acts	and	Regulations
    the discharge of a firearm or the possession of a loaded firearm     •	   Animal	Rights	                •	   Trapper	Ethics	
    within 300 metres of a development or improvement, such as           •	   Trapping	Equipment	           •	   Skinning
    roads or trails within all Provincial Parks .
                                                                         •	   Boarding	(forming)	           •	   Fur	Grading
•		 A	“Game	Bird	Refuge”	protects	only	species	of	game	birds,	as	
                                                                         •	   Fur	Marketing	                •	   Trap	Research
    identified in The Wildlife Act . Trapping is permitted, as well as
    the use of a firearm for the purposes of trapping .                  •	   First	Aid	                    •	   Video	Presentations
•		 A	“Canada	Goose	Refuge”	protects	only	Canada	geese.		                For further information, please contact the nearest Manitoba
    Trapping is permitted, as well as the use of a firearm for the       Conservation district office or the Manitoba Trappers Association .
    purposes of trapping .
                                                                         Trapper Responsibilities
Refuges are usually signed and trappers should check with Manitoba
                                                                         Trapping	is	a	privilege	–	not	a	right.	Maintaining	public	acceptance	of	
Conservation to verify boundaries . Director of Survey Plans showing
                                                                         trapping as a legitimate job is the responsibility of trappers and resource
the exact locations of the boundaries are available at Canada
                                                                         managers .The trapper’s responsibilities include the following:
Map Sales at 1007 Century Street (Winnipeg, Manitoba) or phone
1-204-945-6666 or toll free at 1-800-627-7226 .                          •		 Take	furbearers	in	the	most	humane	manner.
                                                                         •		 Avoid	capturing	non-furbearing	animals.
electronic Calls
                                                                         •		 Maintain	a	high	degree	of	proficiency	in	pelt	preparation.
Electronic calls may be used by licensed trappers to attract coyotes
and fox during a valid trapping season .


                                                                                                                                                 7
TRAPPING GUIDE



•		 Use	a	kill-type	trap	to	harvest	marten,	weasel,	mink	and	               The next Thompson Fur Table will be held in December 2008 . For
    muskrat when taken on land . Kill-type sets for otter and beaver        more information, please contact the Manitoba Trappers Association
    should be fully submerged . When a squirrel is harvested, other         at 204-345-9107 or mta@mts .net .
    than by snaring or shooting, a kill-type trap should be used .
•		 Use	underwater	sets	wherever	possible	for	aquatic	species.	
    Proper locks and slide wires set in a sufficient depth of water
                                                                                     furbearer priMeness
    should be used on all hold and drown-type shore sets .
                                                                            An important part of setting furbearer seasons is to coincide with
•		 Ensure	that	padded	leghold	traps	set	on	land	are	
                                                                            when pelts are prime . In a fully prime pelt, both the guard hairs
    secured to a drag of sufficient weight and strength .
                                                                            and the under-fur have reached optimum length and density . On
•		 Ensure	that	neck	snares	set	on	land	are	equipped	with	                  the leather side of the pelt, the hair roots have stopped producing
    proper locking devices .                                                pigment and contract, resulting in a skin that is soft, flexible and
•		 Inspect	live-holding	devices	daily	in	the	early	morning.	               creamy white . In an un-prime skin, the under-fur and guard hairs
    Make only as many sets as you can effectively manage .                  are not fully developed and are at low density . The leather is bluish
•		 Identify	trap	and	snare	(power	and	conventional)                        to black as a result of active pigment production in the hair roots .
    	“set	locations”	and	carefully	record	them	on	a	map.	                   Furs harvested at prime bring better prices Trappers should
•		 When	trapping	on	private	land,	always	ask	permission	                   harvest fur when it is prime
    and provide the landowner with a map showing the
    location and the types of traps and snares used .                                          FURBeAReR PRIMeNeSS CHART
                                                                                             Oct NOv Dec JaN            Feb Mar apr May
•		 Know	and	use	proper	releasing	and	killing	methods.
•		 Dispose	of	animal	carcasses	properly.                                    BADGER                                   Peak
•		 Respect	the	rights	and	property	of	others	and	assist	                    BEAR                                       Peak
    landowners with removal of problem wildlife .
                                                                             BEAVER                                     Peak
•		 Encourage	and	support	trapper	education	and	public-
    awareness programs .                                                     COYOTE                     Peak
•		 Promptly	report	the	presence	of	diseased	animals	                        FISHER
    to the nearest department office .                                                                  Peak
                                                                             FOX (Red/
•		 Protect	and	conserve	wildlife	and	its	habitat.                           Cross/Silver)               Peak
•		 Respect	and	obey	laws.                                                   FOX
                                                                             (White/Blue)                       Peak
                                                                             LYNX                                Peak
         thoMpson fur table                                                  MARTEN                    Peak
The Thompson Fur Table was one of several such events initiated in           MINK                      Peak
late 1970s by provincial staff and Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
to provide northern trappers with a unique opportunity to get better         MUSKRAT                                           Peak
prices for their raw pelts . The two-day Table is traditionally held a       OTTER                   Peak
week or so before Christmas, and has had over 300 trappers attend . It
has been the only such event in Canada and is now organized by the           RACCOON                            Peak
Manitoba Trappers Association .                                              SKUNK                             Peak
Up to five licensed Manitoba fur dealers gather annually in one hall
                                                                             SQUIRREL                    Peak
and inspect each trapper’s lot of fur . Each dealer provides a quote for
                                                                             WEASEL
the lot and the trapper selects the best price . In this way, the trapper    (Long &                      Peak
                                                                             Short-tailed)
benefits from the on-site competitive demand for their furs .                WOLF
                                                                             (Timber)                    Peak
The December timing of the Fur Table also allows families from
                                                                             WOLVERINE
all over the north to meet with distant friends, learn about new                                               Peak
furbearer-harvest and management techniques, and do some
shopping before returning to their communities . Hundreds of                                       UNDeR AND OVeR PRIMe
thousands of dollars are injected into the local economy .                                             PeAk PRIMe

8
                                                                                                                         TRAPPING GUIDE



                                                                                   designated by the minister .Trapping is prohibited in ecological
       trapping regulations                                                        reserves	and	wildlife	refuges,	except	in	Game	Bird	Refuges	and	the	
                                                                                   Canada	Goose	Refuge.	Some	municipalities	may	also	enact	by-laws	
Note: This is a summary of regulations which deal with trapping . It               concerning trapping .
is neither a legal document nor a complete collection of the wildlife         14   Trap or attempt to trap furbearers on private land or on posted
regulations . It is meant to be a convenient reference only . While                Crown land without first obtaining permission to do so .
every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, some errors or                 15   Hold both a RTL permit and an Open Area trapping licence during
omissions may have occurred . For additional information consult                   the same trapping year, except a landowner who may hold both
the nearest Manitoba Conservation Office or telephone 204-945-                     under certain circumstances .
6784 in Winnipeg or 1-800-214-6497 .                                          16   Leave trapping devices set after the end of trapping season .
For general information on wildlife programs and legislation visit us         17   Trap furbearing animals using traps with teeth or serrated edges
at www .manitoba .ca/conservation/wildlife/index .html                             or with hooks .
No person shall:                                                              18   Trap furbearing animals using leghold traps attached to spring poles .
1 Trap, attempt to trap, possess or sell a furbearing animal without          19   Trap furbearing animals using leghold traps set in trees or on poles
     having first obtained a trapper’s licence .                                   above ground . The trap used must be a body grip or killing trap .
2 Trap in areas where trapping is not permitted .                             20   Trap furbearing animals using live holding devices unless they are
3 Possess illegally taken furbearers .                                             checked at least once every 72 hours .
4 Chase, drive, flush, worry, harass, follow after or search for
                                                                              21   Use manual snares set on land unless they are equipped with a
     furbearers from a vehicle . Note: The definition of a vehicle is a            locking device or set in such a manner that the noose is prevented
     motor vehicle, trailer, tractor, powerboat, aircraft or any other             from expanding .
     vehicle drawn, propelled or driven by any means other than               22   Take black bear using a snare (conventional, foot or power) or any
     human power .                                                                 live-capture device .
5 Remove, disturb, spring or in any way interfere with any trap set           23    Take black bear while the bear is in its den .
     out lawfully by any other person for the purpose of taking               24    Take a female black bear with cubs .
     furbearing animals .                                                     25   Have in possession a live furbearing animal unless specifically
6 Shoot a muskrat, beaver or otter except when they are on land or
                                                                                   authorized by permit .
     in a trap .                                                              26   Buy and/or sell raw fur except under the authority of a dealer’s
7 Ship raw fur out of the province without first paying the royalties
                                                                                   licence .
     and obtaining an export permit . Contact a local Natural Resource
     Officer for more information .
                                                                              27   Transfer or use the licence/permit of another person .
8 Tan or process raw furs without first paying the royalties on the
                                                                              28   Market the pelt of a marten, fisher or otter taken in the Turtle
     pelts to be tanned .                                                          Mountain Registered Trapline Section unless it has a tag issued by
                                                                                   Manitoba Conservation affixed to the pelt .
9 Possess poison, including cyanide guns or parts of cyanide guns,
     for the purpose of taking furbearing animals .
                                                                              29   Possess, sell, attempt to sell or import the bile or gall bladder of
                                                                                   a bear .
10 Spear, break or destroy a muskrat house, beaver lodge or beaver
     dam without authorization from the Minister of Conservation . A
                                                                              30   Use any trap other than a certified one for beaver, fisher, marten,
     licensed trapper may open a muskrat house in season for the                   muskrat, raccoon, and lynx .
     purpose of trapping providing that it is closed so the water entrance    31   Use an unmodified leghold trap with a jaw spread greater than 23
     does not freeze .                                                             centimetres (9 .06 inches) .
11 Use snares for taking furbearing animals and timber wolves except          32   Use a leghold trap to trap beaver, mink, muskrat or river otter
     in the Registered Trapline (RTL) Area and for beaver under ice in             unless it is set in such a manner as to restrain and kill the animal
     Open Areas .                                                                  under water .
12 Take black bear on an Open Area trapping licence in Open Areas 1-          33   Use a leghold trap on land to trap badger, weasels, mink, otter, red
     5 . It is permissible to take black bear on either a RTL permit in the        squirrel or wolverine .
     RTL Area or on a resident trapping licence in the Northern Special       34   Use an unmodified leghold restraining trap to trap bobcat, coyote,
     Trapping Area, but only using a firearm .                                     timber wolf, or fox .
13 	 Trap	or	attempt	to	trap	furbearing	animals	within	Game	Hunting	          35   Allow any part of the pelt of furbearers, black bears and wolves to
     Area	38,	Grants	Lake	Wildlife	Management	Area	(WMA),	Oak	                     be wasted, destroyed, abandoned or allowed to spoil .
     Hammock WMA, Birds Hill Provincial Park, Beaudry Provincial
     Heritage	Park	or	Pembina	Valley	Provincial	Park,	except	under	
                                                                              36   On finding a live furbearer, or wolf in a trapping device, fail to
     authority of a special permit issued by the minister or a person              immediately and humanely kill the animal .


                                                                                                                                                       9
TRAPPING GUIDE



Wild Fur Royalties                                                            Special Permits
Royalties must be paid on all wild furs taken and are usually deducted by     A Natural Resource Officer may issue special permits to harvest
the fur dealer or auction company where the first transaction occurs .        furbearing wildlife to manage numbers and protect property outside
Royalties on small amounts of fur may also be paid at most Manitoba           of the normal trapping regulations and seasons . Certain conditions may
Conservation District Offices .                                               be attached to the special permit, such as type of device to be used,
                                                                              disposal of pelts, number of animals to be taken, specific location etc .
                          SCHeDULe OF ROYALTIeS
 SPeCIeS                                            ROYALTY RATe ($)
 Weasel (Long & Short-tailed), Muskrat, Squirrel            0 .05
                                                                                           furbearer
 Badger, Beaver, Fox (all), Mink, Raccoon                   0 .50                      harvests and values
 Otter                                                      0 .75
 Bear, Coyote, Fisher, Lynx/Bobcat, Marten, Wolf            1 .00             Trapping is a business operation because a product (fur) is sold .
 Wolverine                                                  2 .50             Good	record-keeping	is	important	for	any	business,	but	with	trapline	
                                                                              management, it is also important should the trapper want to apply
                                                                              for a registered trapline . Applications are assessed on numerous
Fur Dealers                                                                   criteria including a trapper’s annual harvest or production . Trappers
It is essential to furbearer management programs that fur dealers             should keep records and receipts for all pelts sold to verify their
continue to regularly submit reports . The dealer reports are audited         harvests . Ideally, pelts should be sold in the year that they were
for compliance to the regulations .                                           caught and under the trapper’s own licence or permit .
•	 A	Fur	Dealer's	Licence	authorizes	the	holder,	from	a	place	designated	     Fur marketing options:
   in the licence, to buy, sell and trade the castors of beavers and the      •	 Pelts	may	be	sold	to	a	licensed	fur	dealer.
   pelts, skins and hides of black bears, gray (timber) wolves and fur
                                                                              •	 Pelts	may	be	consigned	to	a	fur	auction	company.
   bearing animals taken within the province .
                                                                              •	 Pelts	 may	 be	 sold	 to	 a	 fur	 dealer	 or	 consigned	 to	 an	 auction	
•	 The	 Miscellaneous Licences and Permits Regulation, MR 53/2007                 company at the fur table held in Thompson Manitoba .
   requires every fur dealer to record every transaction on a form provided
                                                                              •	 Pelts	 may	 be	 sold	 privately;	 however	 trappers	 must	 provide	
   by the department, include all information required on the form, and
                                                                                  buyers with their name and licence number and must pay the
   record each transaction immediately after it occurs, sequentially by
                                                                                  royalty at a Manitoba Conservation office prior to sale .
   date with no blank spaces between entries . A fur dealer must submit
   a completed record of transaction form to Manitoba Conservation on         •	 Pelts	 may	 be	 commercially	 tanned	 and	 resold;	 however,	 the	
   or before the 10th day after the period covered by the form . When             royalty must first be paid . Usually the tanning establishment will
   no transactions have occurred in that period, a form marked "No                pay the royalty and add it to their price .
   transactions" must be submitted . A "transaction" means a purchase,        Properly preparing furs results in a higher return
   sale or trade authorized by a fur dealer’s licence .
                                                                                                 MANITOBA TRAPPING LICeNCeS ISSUeD
exporting Raw Fur                                                                                   2003-04   2004-05   2005-06      2006-07   2007-08*
A provincial export permit is required before shipping or moving raw           Open Area (OA)        5,804     5,174     5,511        6,051      5,976
furbearing animal pelts from Manitoba to other provinces or countries .            Registered        1,708     1,707     1,690        1,685      1,662
                                                                                        (RTL)
Provincial export permits are issued by the permitting office at
                                                                                         Total       7,512     6,881     7,201        7,736      7,638
the Wildlife & Ecosystem Protection Branch in Winnipeg (204-
945-1893) and at some Manitoba Conservation District offices .                 Included in above:

Applications for these permits can be obtained from the nearest                         TIL**        123       105        118          96         83
Manitoba	Conservation	office.	The	fee	is	$20.00	per	permit.                          Youth	OA         98        96        105          134        120
                                                                                     Youth	TIL                  1
Environment Canada’s CITES (Convention on International Trade
in Endangered Species) export permit is also required to take                       Youth	RTL         47        63         80          70         64

bobcat, black bear, lynx, river otter, timber wolf and certain                                       145       160        185          204        184
species at risk across international borders . These permits are only          * As of June 2008. Please check website for updated figures.
                                                                               ** Treaty Indian Licence
available from Environment Canada . Please refer to www .cites .
ec .gc .ca for more information .


10
                                                                                                                           TRAPPING GUIDE


                                                     FURBeAReRS TAkeN BY MANITOBA TRAPPeRS
                                                               5 Year Averages                                             Annual Total
                                     1990-1994                   1995-1999                 2000-2004            2005-06                   2006-07*
                        Badger           101                         157                      154                  148                      211
                           Bear                                       37                          61               26                       n/a
                         Beaver        21,739                       28,245                   21,209              20,457                    18,363
                        Bobcat                                                                    18                5                        17
                         Coyote         3,564                        2,342                   6,503                8,566                    9,730
                         Fisher         2,713                        1,885                   1,795                1,525                    1,651
          Fox - Red/Cross/Silver        4,749                        2,061                   2,391                2,251                    2,174
               Fox - White/Blue          555                         398                      187                  47                       461
                           Lynx          339                         164                      844                  741                      686
                        Marten          9,698                       18,099                   22,524              16,420                    15,318
                          Mink          5,382                        6,147                   4,147                2,427                    3,333
                       Muskrat         34,109                       70,553                   18,998              32,918                    40,579
                          Otter         1,478                        1,813                   2,372                1,842                    1,015
                       Raccoon          1,259                        2,638                   2,703                2,153                    2,658
                        Squirrel        5,191                        9,104                   4,383                3,593                    6,872
    Weasels (Long/Short tailed)         2,318                        2,657                   2,802                2,899                    6,510
                           Wolf          282                         253                      285                  256                      315
                     Wolverine           56                           42                          44               32                        24
* As of June 2008. Please check website for updated figures.

                                                 AVeRAGe AUCTION VALUeS OF MANITOBA FURBeAReRS
                                                               5 Year Averages                                             Annual Total
                                      1991-95                    1996-2000                  2001-05             2006-07                   2007-08
                        Badger         $17.98                       $28.77                   $37.27              $53.92                    $46.32
                           Bear        $74.70                       $120.66                  $73.93              $79.48                    $49.96
                         Beaver        $24.83                       $29.46                   $24.54              $27.22                    $23.58
                         Bobcat                                                             $162.90              $75.44                   $227.77
                         Coyote        $35.45                       $32.57                   $44.19              $47.74                    $31.89
                          Fisher       $44.82                       $42.33                   $45.44              $90.79                    $70.67
                      Fox - Red        $20.08                       $22.22                   $29.67              $26.88                    $23.82
                    Fox - White        $20.80                       $21.76                   $21.75              $21.36                    $14.01
                           Lynx        $93.85                       $80.44                  $148.79              $129.48                  $156.15
                        Marten         $53.47                       $46.53                   $58.90              $77.08                    $65.19
                          Mink         $28.54                       $20.23                   $19.79              $21.82                    $15.55
                       Muskrat          $2.84                        $3.12                   $3.16                $4.46                    $2.37
                          Otter        $78.44                       $78.18                  $155.60              $53.74                    $36.81
                       Raccoon         $13.55                       $16.86                   $15.38              $17.37                    $23.72
                        Squirrel        $1.44                        $1.21                   $1.09                $1.22                    $1.05
    Weasels (Long/Short tailed)         $4.78                        $3.34                   $4.30                $6.00                    $4.29
                           Wolf        $110.05                      $109.94                 $113.28              $155.46                  $112.57
                     Wolverine         $169.74                      $233.92                 $214.73              $192.97                  $278.29


                                                                ROYALTY – TOTAL COLLeCTeD
                                       2002-03            2003-04                2004-05           2005-06   2006-07*
                                       $49,983            $51,108                $54,494           $45,587   $45,302
                                   * As of June 2008. Please check website for updated figures.
                                                                                                                                                     11
TRAPPING GUIDE



                                                                       Responsibilities
                 first nations                                         With these rights come responsibilities such as conservation and
                                                                       safety requirements All First Nations trappers have a responsibility
The Rights and Responsibilities of First Nations People                to ensure that their actions in taking furbearers do not reduce the
Who Trap in Manitoba                                                   sustainability of furbearer populations .
The Natural Resources Transfer Agreement (1930), which forms part      The rights of status Indian people are subject to conservation
of The Constitution Act (1982), provides that First Nations people     measures and other restrictions that do not unduly infringe on food
have the right to trap for food:                                       harvesting . First Nation trappers may not:
•		 at	all	seasons	of	the	year	on	all	unoccupied	Crown	lands	          •		 trap	protected	furbearers	for	which	trapping	is	prohibited	such	
                                                                           as wolverine in the open trapping areas of Manitoba
•		 on	any	other	lands	to	which	they	may	have	the	right	of	access
                                                                       •		 waste	or	abandon	furbearers
Recognizing the Treaty and Constitutional rights of First Nations
people, Manitoba Conservation recognizes that status Indian people,    •		 sell,	trade	or	give	away	the	meat,	fur	or	any	other	part	of	
when trapping for food or traditional ceremonial purposes on lands         furbearers taken under status Indian trapping rights, except
where they have a right of access:                                         that food may be given to another First Nations person
•		 do	not	require	licences                                            •		 sell	the	pelt	of	a	furbearer	unless	it	was	caught	under	the	
                                                                           authority of a Trappers Licence and all trapping regulations
•		 are	not	restricted	to	specific	seasons
                                                                           were followed
•		 are	not	restricted	to	limits	unless	there	restrictions	that	are	
    intended for conservation purposes                                 Safety Requirements
•		 may	share	the	meat	and	fur	with	non-status	family	members	         Many safety restrictions contained in resource management
    living in the same residence                                       legislation apply to all trappers in Manitoba, including First Nations
                                                                       trappers . No trapper may:
•	 are	not	subject	to	equipment	restrictions	including	those	as	
    specified under EU Regulation #3254/91 or more commonly            •		 use	trapping	methods	that	are	careless,	unsafe	or	dangerous	to	
    known as the Agreement on International Humane                         any person
    Trapping Standards                                                 •		 discharge	a	rifle	or	shotgun	at	night	where	it	is	dangerous	to	do	so
First Nations people generally have the right of access to trap        •		 hunt	from	a	provincial	road	or	provincial	trunk	highway	or	
for food or traditional ceremonial purposes within:                        discharge a bow or firearm from such a road or highway, or
•		 Indian	Reserves,	Wildlife	Management	Areas,	Provincial	Forests,	       shoot along or across such a road or highway (including the
    areas of Provincial Parks where licensed trapping is permitted,        road allowance) for the purpose of taking a furbearer
    unoccupied Crown lands, and other Crown lands where licensed       •		 discharge	a	centrefire	rifle,	muzzle-loading	firearm	or	shotgun	
    hunting or trapping is permitted                                       using a slug from a public road within a municipality or local
•		 private	land	with	the	permission	of	the	landowner	or	occupant          government district, or shoot along or across such a road
•		 federal	land,	such	as	PFRA	community	pastures	and	CFB	Shilo,	      •	 carry	a	loaded	firearm	in	a	vehicle	or	discharge	a	firearm	
    when such lands are opened to the public for trapping, or with         from a vehicle
    the permission of the Pasture Manager or Base Commander            It is also recommended that all trappers:
No person (status or non-status) may trap within:                      •		 wear	hunter	orange	clothes	when	trapping	during	the	time	
•		 Riding	Mountain	National	Park,	Birds	Hill	Provincial	Park,	             of year when there are big game hunters in the same area
    Beaudry	Provincial	Heritage	Park	or	Pembina	Valley	                     or where there may be other people using the same area for
    Provincial Park                                                         other purposes
•		 areas	of	Provincial	Parks	closed	to	all	hunting	or	trapping        •		 take	a	Manitoba	Trapper	Education	course
•		 Wildlife	Refuges	and	most	Ecological	Reserves
•		 areas	closed	to	all	persons	for	specific	conservation	purposes




12
                                                                                                                     TRAPPING GUIDE



Mutual Respect
There are many resource users on the land who are carrying on their
                                                                              furbearer ManageMent
traditions . Commercial and other licensed users of wildlife need
to understand and respect the constitutionally protected rights           Beaver Management
of First Nations people . It is equally important for First Nations       The beaver is one of Manitoba’s most important wildlife species .
people to understand and respect the value that other users place         It is a significant component of the province’s biodiversity and fills
on natural resources and their ability to participate in trapping for     many roles in the ecosystem: it is a consumer of plants itself, but
their purposes under a licence . All users need to work co-operatively    also serves as a key food for keystone predators such as black bear,
towards building a stronger relationship if Manitoba’s trapping and       wolf, and wolverine . Beaver further create wetland habitat for
hunting heritage is to be preserved .                                     other living organisms, including homes for riparian plants, fish,
First Nations trappers are encouraged to carry the federally issued       waterfowl, and as a water source for large mammals including
Certificate of Indian Status to help Natural Resource Officers            livestock in times of drought conditions .
determine that they are entitled to exercise the right to trap for food   In the early 1900s, beaver almost became extinct because of
and ceremonial purposes .                                                 overharvest and disease . However, strict conservation measures
For more detailed information, please contact the nearest Manitoba        and the introduction of the registered trapline system during the
Conservation office . Telephone 945-6784 within Winnipeg,                 mid-1940s were successful in rebuilding the population .
1-800-214-6497 from outside Winnipeg or visit the Conservation            The number of beaver harvested by trappers is directly related to
website at: www .manitoba .ca/conservation/firstnations/                  the average market value of beaver pelts on the fur markets . Recent
                                                                          harvests have ranged from a low of 12,000 in 1990/91 (average pelt
Treaty Land entitlement
                                                                          value	 of	 $14)	 to	 a	 high	 of	 68,000	 in	 1979/80	 (average	 pelt	 value	
Manitoba Conservation is currently working with some First Nations        of	 $40).	 During	 successive	 years	 of	 low	 prices,	 trapping	 pressure	
to provide Crown land to fulfill outstanding treaty land entitlement      is reduced and the beaver population grows until they become
(TLE) . Many First Nations have, or are in the process of selecting,      a major problem causing millions of dollars damage to private
lands to fulfill their entitlements and some selections may have an       property, transportation routes and farmland . Most problems occur
impact on some traplines and trapping activity . The lands selected       in rural municipalities adjacent to the Duck Mountain Provincial
are eligible to become reserve land under the terms of the TLE            Park and Riding Mountain National Park and, more recently, in
Framework Agreement . Once the selected lands are confirmed, the          the southeastern part of the province where abnormal amounts of
First Nation may request an Exclusive Use Permit (EUP) from the           precipitation have occurred .
Crown Lands Branch of Manitoba Conservation . Once the EUP is
issued, First Nations then have the authority to exclude all current      To assist rural municipalities and Northern Affairs communities,
and future uses of the permitted land, including trapping activities .    Manitoba Conservation operates the Problem Beaver Management
                                                                          Program . Comprised of three components, the program assists these
                                                                          agencies by subsidizing their efforts at removing problem beaver .The
                                                                          Summer component runs from May 1 to September 30 . The Winter

                                                       BeAVeR ReMOVAL PROGRAM SUMMARY
                             2001/02         2002/03            2003/04      2004/05             2005/06             2006/07            2007/08
      Total Beaver Taken     12,295            9,296             8,145         7,969              9,248               8,071               6,973
 key Municipality or RTL:
                Ethelbert      502             412                301           299                387                 287                251
            Gilbert	Plains     634             590                486           401                384                 322                243
              Grandview        646             457                348           180                365                 306                189
            Mossey River       424             242                164           274                278                 48                 259
               Mountain        603             638                541           623                721                 771                779
                     Park      683             599                664           694                752                 597                 78
                Rossburn       591             156                366           280                195                 200                 62
      Duck Mountain RTL        886             892               1,081          924                899                 791                788
  Porcupine Mountain RTL       590             416                467           404                464                 420                384



                                                                                                                                                  13
TRAPPING GUIDE



component runs from October 1 to March 31 . Both components                                MANITOBA TRAPPeRS ASSOCIATION
provide	 a	 $15	 subsidy	 to	 municipalities	 for	 each	 problem	 beaver	                   PReDATOR ReMOVAL SUMMARY
removed . Most efforts are directed at the Winter component to                 Year    Number MASC Claims   Coyote     Fox       Wolf      Total
encourage removal when the pelts have a higher value . The Winter              2003           190             -         -          -       214
component also provides a subsidy to some registered trapline
                                                                               2006            64            117        8         24       148
sections to remove beavers which might move out into the adjacent
                                                                               2007            85            119        2         15       136
municipalities . Since the program began in 1993 (originally as a
Summer component only), over 97,500 beavers have been removed .
                                                                            Trapping and Forestry
The third is an education component, where Manitoba Conservation
educates local agencies and stakeholders in the use of non-lethal           Crown lands in Manitoba are managed for multiple uses, including
techniques as another method for protecting roads, property and             furbearer and forest management . Both activities are important to
land from floods caused by beaver activity . Workshops are offered          the regional and provincial economies, and when properly managed,
that demonstrate the building and installation of pond levelers and         can co-exist and be mutually beneficial . For example, certain roads
beaver deceivers, which discourage beaver from building the dams            constructed for cutting areas can also be used by trappers . The key to
and blocking water flows .                                                  co-existence is good communication between all users of the land .

Trappers who are interested in participating in this program should         Forest Management Licence (FML) holders conduct the majority of
contact their local municipality or nearest Manitoba Conservation           timber harvesting in Manitoba . FML holders hold annual open houses
office to obtain guidelines .                                               to meet directly with other users of the land to make them aware of
                                                                            what activities are taking place . Trappers are encouraged to attend
Predator Management                                                         these open houses and speak directly to the forestry representative .
It is important to Manitoba’s livestock industry that damage caused         Local fur council meetings can be one way to meet with forestry
by predators is addressed . Manitoba Conservation has entered into          companies . It is also important for everyone involved in these
an agreement with the Manitoba Trappers Association to administer           discussions to keep in touch throughout the year .
and deliver predator removal services to livestock producers . Under
the agreement, after a livestock claim is made through Manitoba             Other Programs
Agriculture Services Corporation (MASC), those predators causing the        •		 Manitoba Conservation and the Manitoba Trappers Association
damage are targeted . Most predators removed have been coyotes .                continued to partner on trapper education programs, with over
Property owners can also invite trappers on their land any time of              177 students passing the mandatory trapper education exam
the year to remove coyotes, wolves and black bear that are causing              in 2007/08 .
damage to private property . The taking of any of wildlife under            •		 Manitoba Conservation continued to review the Furbearer
these provisions must be reported within 10 days to a Natural                   Management Policy with staff and the stakeholders, including
Resource Officer . This does not apply to cougars that may be causing           the Manitoba Trappers Association .
property damage as cougars are a protected species and may not be           Over the next year, Manitoba Conservation will:
taken under any circumstance .
                                                                            •		 Provide	workshops	on	Predator	Removal	and	on	Non-lethal	
Manitoba is considering developing a coyote hunting season that                 Beaver Management .
will allow more people to participate in removing problem coyotes .
For more information on the coyote hunting season, check our                •		 Work	with	other	agencies	to	assist	and	educate	trappers	and	
website at www .manitoba .ca/conservation/wildlife                              producers on predator management .
                                                                            •		 Meet	with	more	local	fur	councils	and	communities	to	review	the	
Manitoba Conservation, Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural
                                                                                “Furbearer	Management	Policy,	2001.”
Initiatives, MASC, and the Manitoba Trappers Association conducted
predator	 management	 workshops	 in	 Roblin,	 St.	 Rose,	 Gypsumville,	     •		 Partner	with	the	Manitoba	Trappers	Association	to	update	the	
Steinbach, Inwood and Minnedosa in 2007/08 . The information                    Trapper Education manual .
helps people to help themselves in dealing with predators . Over 300        •		 Work	with	the	Fur	Institute	of	Canada	and	the	other	provinces	
livestock producers, hunters, trappers and other interested citizens            and territories to harmonize implementation of the Agreement
received information on animal husbandry techniques, compensation               on International Humane Trapping Standards in 2008/09 .
claim investigations, and hunting and trapping methods . Workshops          •		 Establish	new	fee	structures	for	trapper’s	licences	and	royalties	
are being considered again for the winter of 2008-09 .                          that would be comparable with the other provinces .
                                                                            •		 Review	the	administration	of	the	Trapper	Education	Program.


14
                                                                                                                     TRAPPING GUIDE



                                                                          For more information, please contact:
          furbearer diseases                                              Manitoba Trappers Association
                                                                          Box 518
Furbearers may carry parasites and diseases such as rabies, tularemia,    Lac du Bonnet, MB R0E 1A0
hantavirus, giardia (commonly known as beaver fever), and raccoon         Telephone:	204-345-9107	•	Fax:	204-345-9170
roundworm that can be transmitted to humans . Trappers should
take precautions, including immunizations against rabies . Please         The Canadian National Trappers Alliance
consult your family doctor or public health unit about immunization       The Canadian National Trappers Alliance
against rabies .                                                          (CNTA) is Canada’s only national
When a trapper encounters diseased animals, it is recommended             organization representing Canadian
the animals be handled with good quality rubber gloves .The animal        trappers .The CNTA maintains an active
carcasses should then be sealed in strong plastic bags and taken to       website for all trappers which can be
the nearest Manitoba Conservation office as soon as possible .            found at www .trapper .ca
What should I do if bitten by a wild animal?                              Fur Institute of Canada
First wash the wound or exposed surface with soap and water              The Fur Institute of
Then seek immediate medical advice from your doctor, nearest              Canada (FIC) is a non-
health facility or local public health unit Misericordia Health          profit organization
Links can assist you in contacting public health services (seven days     supported by all sectors
a week, 24 hours a day) at 788-8200 (Winnipeg) or 1-888-315-9257          of the fur industry,
(province-wide) .                                                         including trappers, to promote conservation and optimum
If you suspect any animal is rabid or you would like more information     development of Canada’s fur resources .
on rabies, contact your nearest Canadian Food Inspection Agency           Since it was incorporated in 1983 with Manitoba as a charter
office.	Their	telephone	numbers	are	located	in	the	Government	of	         member, FIC has:
Canada listings in your telephone book .
                                                                          •		 Co-ordinated	efforts	of	government,	industry,	and	trappers	
Some doctors may not be aware of the serious and perhaps life-                in lobbying to keep our fur markets open to the European
threatening infections that can be transmitted to trappers by                 Union, through the Agreement on International Humane
wildlife . Trappers should explain their contact with furbearers to           Trapping Standards .
the examining doctor . For more information on wildlife-caused            •		 Taken	the	lead	in	the	most	advanced	humane	trap	
diseases, please contact your local public health unit .                      development and testing program in the world .
                                                                          •		 Provided	various	educational	and	conservation	resources	to	its	
                co-operating                                                  members and the public, both here at home and abroad .
               organiZations                                              The trap research program has resulted in many traps being approved
                                                                          and certified as meeting the AIHTS . A complete list of the traps certified
                        Manitoba Trappers Association                     as meeting the standards is identified on page 17 of this guide .
                        The Manitoba Trappers Association (MTA)           For more information, please contact:
                        represents	the	interests	of	all	trappers.	Your	   The Fur Institute of Canada
                        involvement is important, and MTA gives           Suite	701-331	Cooper	Street,	Ottawa,	ON		K2P	0G5
                        provincial focus to trappers’ concerns . The      Telephone: 613-231-7099 Fax: 613-231-7940, www .fur .ca
                        association needs committed members and
the department encourages all trappers to become active in their
local affairs through a Local Fur Council (LFC) . LFCs can play a vital
role by bringing forward local concerns to the department . LFCs
can, with the department, review applications for vacant registered
traplines to ensure local traditions are taken into consideration
during the review process .




                                                                                                                                                15
TRAPPING GUIDE



                                                                          3   Neck Snares:
             huMane trapping                                                  •	 Power & Common Suspended: Cannot be used for black
                                                                                  bear, but can be used under ice for beaver and in RTLs and
Humane trapping is the taking of furbearers with the least amount of              the Northern Special Trapping Area .
stress to the animal . Trappers should select the most humane and
efficient method possible to capture furbearers                              • Common Suspended: Trappers cannot use this snare to
                                                                                  take any furbearer or wolf in Open Area Zones 1-5, except
Canada has the most humane trapping methods in the world . To                     under ice for beaver .
ensure continued markets for our wild-caught fur, Canada, Russia
                                                                          4   Body Grip Traps: Conibear-type, rotating-jaw traps that are
and the European Union (EU) signed the Agreement on International
                                                                              currently being used will start to be replaced with certified ones
Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS) It sets performance standards
                                                                              according to species .
for traps . These factors have kept trapping an acceptable and
legitimate profession to the general public .                             5   Only those traps meeting AIHTS requirements will be allowed . If
                                                                              no traps are found to meet the standard, use of existing traps
The complete agreement can be viewed on our website at                        will be allowed while research continues .
www .manitoba .ca/conservation/wildlife/trapping/index .html
                                                                          6   The requirements for a killing trap to meet the standard are
Manitoba regulations are meeting our obligations to the AIHTS .               the following:
What AIHTS means for Manitoba trappers                                        In a compound test, the trap must render 80 per cent
 1   AIHTS applies to almost all furbearers trapped and those                 (10 of 12) of animals tested irreversibly unconscious
     trappers who trap for commercial purposes in Manitoba (see               within a time limit of:
     Summary charts in English, Ojibwe and Cree; pages 19, 20 and 21) .       •45 seconds for weasel
 2   Leghold Restraining Trap:                                                •120 seconds for marten
     •	 Modified versions include the padded, laminated and                   •300 seconds for all other species named in the AIHTS .
         offset leghold restraining traps                                7   Firearms may be used to take furbearers, black bears and
     •	 Manitoba	wildlife	regulations	prohibit the use of all types           timber wolves . However, the use of firearms by trappers is
         of unmodified leghold traps on land (see Summary                     subject to other regulations under The Wildlife Act, The
         charts on pages 19, 20 and 21) .                                     Provincial Parks Act, local municipal by-laws, and federal acts .
     •	 All	types,	when	used	in	a	drowning	set,	will be allowed until
         otherwise replaced according to species .
     •	 Leghold Power Snare is not included in the definition of a
         leghold trap, but is prohibited for black bear in all areas .




16
                                                                                                                                        TRAPPING GUIDE




                        Certified trap models are given exclusive identification letters that manufacturers will have to mark on traps they
                        manufacture in 2007 and beyond .Trappers may still legally use these same trap models after the implementation of the
                        AIHTS (2007), regardless of whether they bear this mark .


This list will be updated as additional traps are certified . Please consult Manitoba Conservation on page 24, the Manitoba Trappers Association
(page 15) or the Fur Institute of Canada (page 15) .

 Phase 1: Certified Traps regulated for trapping the following species:
  SPeCIeS                                   kILLING TRAPS - CeRTIFIeD TRAPS ReGULATeD FOR USe
 Beaver (on land and underwater)            Bélisle Classic 330                        LDL C 280                                  Species-Specific 330 Dislocator Half-
                                            Bélisle Super X 280                        LDL C 330                                  Magnum
                                            Bélisle Super X 330                        Rudy 280                                   Species-Specific 440 Dislocator Half-
                                            BMI	330	Body	Gripper                       Rudy 330                                   Magnum
                                            Bridger 330                                Sauvageau 1000-11F                         Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	280
                                            Duke 330                                   Sauvageau 2001-11                          Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	330
                                                                                       Sauvageau 2001-12
 Beaver (underwater)                        LDL C280 Magnum                            BMI	280	Body	Gripper                       Sauvageau 2001-8
 Beaver (on land)                           LDL C330 Magnum
 Fisher                                     Bélisle Super X 120                        LDL C160 Magnum                            Sauvageau 2001-5
                                            Bélisle Super X 160                        LDL C220 Magnum                            Sauvageau 2001-6
                                            Bélisle Super X 220                        Rudy 120 Magnum                            Sauvageau 2001-7
                                            Koro #2                                    Rudy 160 Plus                              Sauvageau 2001-8
                                                                                       Rudy 220 Plus
 Marten                                     Bélisle Super X 120                        LDL B120 Magnum                            Sauvageau C120 Magnum
                                            Bélisle Super X 160                        Rudy 120 Magnum                            Sauvageau 2001-5
                                            BMI	126	Magnum	Body	Gripper                Rudy 160 Plus                              Sauvageau 2001-6
 Muskrat (on land)                          Bélisle Super X 120                        Duke 120                                   Sauvageau C120 "Reverse Bend"
                                            BMI 120                                    Koro Muskrat                               Sauvageau 2001-5
                                            BMI 120 Magnum                             LDL B120 Magnum                            Triple M
                                            BMI 126 Magnum                             Rudy 120 Magnum                            Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	110
                                            Bridger 120                                Sauvageau C120 Magnum                      Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	120
 Muskrat (underwater)                       Any jaw type trap (body gripping or leghold) set as a submersion set that exerts clamping force on a muskrat and that
                                            maintains a muskrat underwater .
 Raccoon                                    Bélisle Classic 220                        Bridger 220                                Rudy 160 Plus
                                            Bélisle Super X 160                        Duke 160                                   Rudy 220
                                            Bélisle Super X 220                        Duke 220                                   Rudy 220 Plus
                                            Bélisle Super X 280                        LDL C 160                                  Sauvageau 2001-6
                                            BMI	160	Body	Gripper                       LDL C 220                                  Sauvageau 2001-7
                                            BMI	220	Body	Gripper                       LDL C 220 Magnum                           Sauvageau 2001-8
                                            BMI	280	Body	Gripper                       LDL C 280 Magnum                           Species-Specific 220 Dislocator Half
                                            BMI	280	Magnum	Body	Gripper                Northwoods 155                             Magnum
                                            Bridger 160                                Rudy 160                                   Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	160
                                                                                                                                  Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	220


 SPeCIeS             LeGHOLD ReSTRAINING TRAPS - CeRTIFIeD TRAPS ReGULATeD FOR USe
 Lynx                Bélisle Footsnare #6                              Oneida	Victor	#3	Soft	Catch	equipped	with	4	       Oneida	Victor	#3	equipped	with	a	minimum	of	
                     Oneida	Victor	#3	Soft	Catch	equipped	with	2	      coil springs                                       8mm thick, non-offset steel jaws, 4 coil springs
                     coil springs                                                                                         and an anchoring swivel centre mounted on a
                                                                                                                          base plate




                                                                                                                                                                       17
TRAPPING GUIDE



Phase 2 - Year of Implementation to be Determined - Certified Traps to be regulated after for trapping the following species:
Although the traps listed in Phase 2 are certified for the following species and trap categories, the year of entry into force of the obligation to use only AIHTS
Certified traps has not yet been determined .This date, which could vary from one species to another, will be known at least 3 years in advance .
Until then, traps that are currently legally permitted can still be used .
Check with Manitoba Conservation for regulations related to trap uses applicable in your trapping area .


killing Traps
  SPeCIeS                              TRAPS CeRTIFIeD BUT NOT YeT MANDATORY FOR USe
  Otter (underwater)                   Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	330,	Belisle	Super	X280,	Rudy	280,	Rudy	330,	LDL	C280	Magnum
  Weasel                               Victor	Rat	Trap
  Lynx                                 Woodstream	Oneida	Victor	Conibear	330
  Bobcat, Badger                       No killing trap certified to date



Leghold Restraining Traps
  SPeCIeS                              TRAPS CeRTIFIeD BUT NOT YeT MANDATORY FOR USe
  Coyote                               Bélisle	Footsnare	#6;	Oneida	Victor	#3	Soft	Catch	equipped	with	2	coil	springs;	Bridger	#3	equiped	with	5/16-
                                       inch offset, double rounded steel jaw laminations (3/16-inch topside of jaw and 1/4-inch on underside of
                                       jaws), with 4 coil springs and an anchoring swivel centre mounted on a base plate
  Wolf                                 Bélisle Footsnare #8
  Bobcat                               Bélisle Footsnare #6



Phase 3 - Year of Implementation to be Determined - Cage and Box Traps to be Regulated for live-trapping the following species:

Live Capture Cages or Boxes
  SPeCIeS                              TRAPS CeRTIFIeD BUT NOT YeT MANDATORY FOR USe
  Beaver, Racoon, Fisher,              No live capture cage or box certified to date
  Marten, Muskrat, Otter,
  Weasel, Lynx, Bobcat, Badger




18
                                                                                                                                                     TRAPPING GUIDE



                SUMMARY OF USeS OF LeGHOLD TRAPS AND SNARe DeVICeS IN MANITOBA (examples of various devices shown)
                                                                            *                       *




                           uNMODiFieD LeghOLD                           MODiFieD                            cOMMON                            pOwer                LeghOLD
    SpecieS                 reStraiNiNg trap                          LeghOLD trap                      SuSpeNDeD SNare                       SNare              pOwer SNare

   Badger                             Prohibited                       Prohibited                        RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Beaver                             Drowning set only* Drowning set only*                              RTL Zones & Drowning Allowed*                                Allowed*
                                                                                                         Set in Open Zones*

   Black Bear                         Prohibited                       Prohibited                        Prohibited                           Prohibited              Prohibited
   BoBcat                             Prohibited                       Allowed*                          RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   coyote                             Prohibited                       Allowed*                          RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Fisher                             Prohibited                       Prohibited                        RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Fox (all)                          Prohibited                       Allowed                           RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   lynx                               Prohibited                       Allowed*                          RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Marten                             Prohibited                       Prohibited                        RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Mink                               Drowning set only* Drowning set only*                              RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Muskrat                            Drowning set only* Drowning set only*                              RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   otter                              Drowning set only* Drowning set only*                              RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   raccoon                            Prohibited                       Prohibited                        RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   red squirrel                       Prohibited                       Prohibited                        RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   tiMBer WolF                        Prohibited                       Allowed*                          RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Weasels (Long & Short-tailed) Prohibited                            Prohibited                        RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

   Wolverine                          Prohibited                       Prohibited                        RTL Zones Only*                      Allowed*                Allowed*

*Examples only of modified leghold traps available commercially.
Refer to the “Trapping Regulations” section (page 9) of this guide for additional conditions of use and consult with your nearest Natural Resource Officer for additional information
respecting trapping regulations.




                                                                                                                                                                                        19
                                                                                                          TRAPPING GUIDE



                                                       HUMANe TRAPPING – OjIBWe
                                            RXB pUVrSSuPoB RnXWuVB Lun VunuVB

                                                           *           *




  RQnlvy         WRnwi RnXWuVB                      RvBSSuPoB ruB            VunuVB             uuHuwo;y            uuHuwo;y
                 EuUfBy PkSpfuoB                       RnXWuVB                                    VunuB            VunuB ElUBy
                                                                                                                       EBS

  sUVhyRny                uWnB                          uWnB               UroOXQnBy               sVBp                  ---
                                                    SrnXWpBy QU

  Rsuny           RVswo RnXWuVB                RVswo RnXWuVB QU             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                       QU                                                  SrnXWpBy QU

  fuP funy                uWnB                             uWnB                uWnB                uWnB                 uWnB

  oUuwLRny                uWnB                            sVBp              UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

  aFuXJy                  uWnB                            sVBp              UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

  ESuy                    uWnB                             uWnB             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

  RniJy                   uWnB                            sVBp              UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU
  wLRny                   uWnB                            sVBp              UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

  Rnw:LRny                uWnB                             uWnB             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

  JBpnLRny        RVswo RnXWuVB                RVswo RnXWuVB QU             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                       QU                                                  SrnXWpBy QU

  RnJHuny         RVswo RnXWuVB                RVswo RnXWuVB QU             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                       QU                                                  SrnXWpBy QU

  Xouny           RVswo RnXWuVB                RVswo RnXWuVB QU             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                       QU                                                  SrnXWpBy QU

  QlrVy                   uWnB                             uWnB             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

  RSUdy                   uWnB                             uWnB             UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU
  fWBuVy                  uWnB                            sVBp              UroOXQnBy              sVBp                  ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

  LBijyuWnB               uWnB                        UroOXQnBy                sVBp                 ---
                                                                           SrnXWpBy QU

*Examples only of modified leghold traps available commerically.
Inaabin “Wanii’iganiwi-Onashowe Mazina’iganing” ani-nishwaasowi-maziniiganing aaniin ge-gashkitooyamban geizhichigeyamban. Gemaa
gaye ganoonzh ‘awe Natural Resource Officer gaa--izhinikaazod ji-wiindamaag wegonen ge-gashkitooyamban wanii’igeyan.

WVwB RnXWuXWn EVKQn flVWuXBy RX XJnkWn flXuXBy RXB p uHoIvgrB p
WLSpvgrB. Pf uz uCH RQn uXuXHuBy EQn WLSpWnB Natural Resource Officer                                                              u
WLXukY SwnBUfy QniZB p uHiIvgrB RnXWpvB.




20
                                                                                                        TRAPPING GUIDE



                                                        HUMANe TRAPPING – CRee
                                       WnUfpWnB Q Wl RrUo RnXuV Run VunuV ES

                                                         *             *




  IwnuB RUb          VI wRnwhi                   Eho wRnwhi RnXuB           VIVunuB             QnrunuB               ---
                       RnXuB
  shUVhy                  VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  Rshy              QQ XhUrQnWnB                 QQ XhUrQnWnB ei               QQ                 QQ                  ---
                        ei                                             RnXphuVy XhUrQnWnB
                                                                      pSRny u Wl rhoPXuPy
  uWPRnhun                VfnG                            QQ                     VfnG            VfnG                VfnG

  wlN                     VfnG                            QQ                   QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  RwhUWuXh                VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  EAy                     VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  fplN                    VfnG                           QQ                    QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  (Lynx)                  VfnG                           QQ                    QQ                 QQ                  ---
  wlN                                                                       RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  RnwhUB                  VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  jpnlN            QQ XhUrQnWnB                  QQ XhUrQnWnB ei               QQ                 QQ                  ---
                       ei                                                   RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  RnFhy            QQ XhUrQnWnB                  QQ XhUrQnWnB ei               QQ                 QQ                  ---
                       ei                                                   RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  Eoy              QQ XhUrQnWnB                  QQ XhUrQnWnB ei               QQ                 QQ                  ---
                       ei                                                   RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  WnXwFt                  VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  RXunFh                  VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  shUWuB                  VfnG                           QQ                    QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  lilN                    VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  EounvpN                 VfnG                           VfnG                  QQ                 QQ                  ---
                                                                            RnXphuVy
                                                                               ei
  EsVSh                   VfnG                           VfnG                 QQ                  QQ                  ---
  EsVSh                                                                    RnXphuVy
                                                                              ei


*Examples	only	of	modified	leghold	traps	available	commerically.
Kinawapahta éyinánéw masinahikanékin ita ká wíhtamákék waníkéwi wanasiwéwin, akwa mína kakwécim okanawahtayéw kisáspin awasimé ki
wi kiskénihtén.

oVRnrU QxVZN flVWuZoB WU u WnUfpy RniWn RnVlQnWnB Run sV upnSg EuVRnUzN Rrnla oWn ohpXPB.




                                                                                                                             21
TRAPPING GUIDE




       the registered trapline sYsteM and the lineholder

What is a “RTL”?                                                         •		 family	relationship	to	the	previous	lineholder
The Registered Trapline (RTL for short) System is a commercial           •		 their	recent	fur	harvest	history	with	that	trapline	or	one	in	the	
furbearer harvest management system whereby a person, the                    same section, as verified by royalties paid and sales receipts
“lineholder,”	 is	 granted	 the	 exclusive	 opportunity	 to	 harvest	    •		 their	residency	in	relationship	to	the	trapline	being	allocated
furbearing	 animals	 in	 a	 certain	 area,	 the	 “RTL.”	 The	 system	
                                                                         The process maintains a balance by recognizing that local residents
ensures sustainable furbearer populations by controlling the
                                                                         have preferential access to RTL lines, but also by being flexible
number of trappers in that area and making the lineholder the
                                                                         in allowing trappers from other communities an opportunity to
steward	of	the	resource.	Some	RTL	sections	are	called	“blocks,”	as	
                                                                         compete for a line .
no individual lines exist and all eligible community members may
trap within the block .                                                  What does it mean to be a RTL lineholder?
Why is it important?                                                     Allocation of a RTL line is a significant event . When you are a
                                                                         lineholder, you have the exclusive opportunity to:
By the 1940s, trapping was out of control in northern Manitoba
and furbearing animal numbers, especially beaver, had been badly         •		 harvest	the	fur	resource	on	that	line	for	commercial	fur-
depleted . Part of the reason was the large influx of new people into        harvesting purposes
the north with the building of the rail line to Churchill .              •		 establish	a	cabin	in	most	cases	on	your	line	for	trapping	purposes
More tragically, local people (mostly First Nations) who had been        •		 have	a	helper	to	assist	you	in	your	efforts
trapping on the land for generations saw their traditional livelihoods   •		 manage	a	valuable	natural	resource
threatened . At the request of the communities, Manitoba and
Canada created the RTL system to allow local people to continue          What are the lineholder’s obligations?
trapping on their traditional lands and at the same time make them       Some RTL lines are in great demand, and it is unfair to others
stewards of their traplines . From the original RTLs created around      if a lineholder is not exercising the privilege that they have
the communities of Thicket Portage and Pikwitonei, the system            been given
has	grown	to	a	total	of	46	community-based	“sections”	each	with	a	       Lines can be re-allocated for the following reasons;
varying number of individual lines .
                                                                         a) the lineholder has been totally inactive without just cause for
Why is it even more important today?                                         two consecutive years
When a RTL section was created by the community/First Nations            b) the lineholder notifies the department, in writing, that he/she
trappers themselves, it usually also represented the traditional             intends to give up his/her trapping privileges
lands used by a community and defined those boundaries legally for       c) the lineholder fails to renew his/her RTL permit without just cause
the first time . These boundaries now form the basis for many major      d) the lineholder dies
land-use projects around those communities (such as the Northern
Flood Agreement management areas, the Poplar-Nanowin Rivers              Lineholders have responsibilities that include:
Park Reserve, and Wabanong Nakaygum Okimawin communties) .               •		 using	the	resource	that	has	been	allocated
RTL trappers themselves are often the best sources of natural            •		 ensuring	that	your	actions	do	not	jeopardize	furbearer	
history information (traditional knowledge), as they are on the land         populations
more often than are most other people . It comes at a time when          •		 updating	traps	according	to	the	latest	certified	
this information is constantly needed to track not just furbearing           humane standards
animals, but big game and the health of habitats .                       •		 upgrading	your	trapping	techniques	to	maximize	your	
How can I get an RTL line?                                                   pelt value
Lines cannot be sold, inherited, or handed down They are                •		 voicing	your	opinions	and	concerns	to	your	local	organization	
awarded through competitions held in co-operation between the                and to Manitoba Conservation
local trapping organization and Manitoba Conservation . Decisions        •		 ensuring	any	improvements	such	as	cabins	have	the	
are made through a scoring process, whereby a varying number of              proper permits
points are given to applicants based, among other things, on:


22
                                                                                                                TRAPPING GUIDE




What kind of cabin can be built?                                          mind that, if an incoming lineholder does not want to purchase it,
A lineholder can build a main cabin and a certain number of line          the cabin would have to be removed .
cabins, depending upon the location and size of their line . All          The ability to erect a trapper cabin is a unique privilege afforded
lineholders are bound by the regulations set out in The Wildlife Act      only to the lineholders . Use of a trapping cabin for purposes
and other acts . Permits are required for cabins and are issued only in   other than trapping, without prior approval, is not allowed
the name of the lineholder .                                              (e .g ., unauthorized outfitting) .
Record keeping and the RTL                                                How do I learn more about the RTL System?
All trappers should keep annual records of their activity through         Administration of the RTL System is set out through The Wildlife
the trapping season, including when and where sets are placed,            Act of Manitoba and its regulations and through the Furbearer
the dates and locations of where animals were caught, and when            Management Policy . Copies are available from any Manitoba
improvements are done on the line .                                       Conservation office . The Policy sets out guidelines and procedures
Records are an important tool in trapline management . Trappers           for all trapping activities in Manitoba .
can assess the relative abundance of animals over the years and
                                                                          Furbearer Policy Review
judge	when	to	“leave”	an	area	for	a	season.		Your	own	records	will	
verify your activity on a line should you be eligible for compensation    The department is undertaking a review of the current policy .
for disaster or mitigation programs . Records will also confirm that      Trappers are encouraged to provide comments on this policy directly
you are actually exercising the privilege of having a trapline .          to Manitoba Conservation, the local fur council or the Manitoba
                                                                          Trappers Association .
When a trapper no longer holds a RTL line, permission for
them to have the cabin ends and they have no legal right to
keep it in place Incoming lineholders are under no obligation
to buy any improvements on the line, such as a cabin . As such,
a trapping cabin should be built at low cost with the thought in




Two	seasoned,	young	trappers	set	out	a	marten	box	on	a	Youth	Line.




Careful pelt preparation on their part means a higher price when they
sell their catch .

                                                                                                                                        23
for More inforMation…


Manitoba Conservation Offices                                     NORTHeASTeRN ReGION
                                                                  Churchill	–	Box	760,	R0B	0E0	•	675-8897
CeNTRAL ReGION                                                    Cross Lake	–	Box	119,	Cross	Lake,	R0B	0J0	•	676-2193
Ashern	–	Box	410,	R0C	0E0	•	768-2368                              Gillam	–	Box	429,	R0B	0L0	•	652-2273
Birds Hill	–	Box	183,	R.R.	2,	Dugald,	R0E	0K0	•	654-6730          Gods Lake Narrows	–	General	Delivery,	R0B	0M0	•	335-2366
Gimli	–	Box	6000,	R0C	1B0	•	642-6070                              Island Lake	–	Box	69,	Stevenson	Island,	R0B	2H0	•	456-2362
Grand Beach	–	Box	220,	R0E	0T0	•	754-5040                         Leaf Rapids	–	Box	430,	R0B	1W0	•	473-8133
Gypsumville	–	Box	9,	R0C	1J0	•	659-5208                           Lynn Lake	–	Box	239,	R0B	0W0	•	356-2413
Hodgson	–	Box	119,	R0C	1N0	•	372-6296                             Norway House	–	Box	100,	R0B	1B0	•	359-6877
Lundar	–	Box	10,	R0C	1Y0	•	762-5229                               Oxford House	–	Box	262,	R0B	1C0	•	538-2248
Manitou	–	Box	10,	R0G	1G0	•	242-2950                              Pukatawagan	–	Box	22,	R0B	1G0	•	553-2091
Portage la Prairie	–	25	Tupper	St.	N,	R1N	3K1	•	239-3204          South Indian Lake	–	General	Delivery,	R0B	1N0	•	374-2203
Riverton	–	Box	70,	R0C	2R0	•	378-2261                             Split Lake	–	General	Delivery,	R0B	1P0	•	342-2291
Selkirk	–	1	Keystone	Drive,	R1A	2H5	•	785-5080                    Thompson	–	Box	28,	59	Elizabeth	Dr.,	R8N	1X4	•	677-6640
Winnipeg	–	Box	30,	200	Saulteaux	Cres.,	R3J	3W3	•	945-7257        Wabowden	–	Box	40,	R0B	1S0	•	689-2688
Winnipeg Beach	–	Box	388,	R0C	3G0	•	389-2752
                                                                  NORTHWeSTeRN ReGION
eASTeRN ReGION                                                    Cranberry Portage	–	Box	130,	R0B	0H0	•	472-3331
Beausejour	–	Box	50,	20	First	St.	S.,	R0E	0C0	•	268-6184          Flin Flon	–	Rm.	203	Prov.	Bldg.,	143	Main	St.,	R8A	1K2	•	687-1640
Bissett	–	Box	108,	R0E	0J0	•	277-5212                             Grand Rapids	–	Box	322,	R0C	1E0	•	639-2241
Falcon Lake	–	Box	40,	R0E	0N0	•	349-2201                          Snow Lake	–	Box	339,	R0B	1M0	•	358-2521
Hadashville	–	Box	17,	R0E	0X0	•	426-5313                          The Pas	–	Box	2550,	R9A	1M4	•	627-8287
Lac du Bonnet	–	Box	850,	R0E	1A0	•	345-1400
Lake Winnipeg east –	Box	850,	Lac	du	Bonnet,	ROE	1A0	•	345-1400   WeSTeRN ReGION
Pine Falls	–	Box	389,	R0E	1M0	•	367-6130                          Boissevain	–	Box	820,	R0K	0E0	•	534-2028
Rennie	–	Box	130,	R0E	1R0	•	369-3153                              Brandon	–	1129	Queens	Ave.,	R7A	1L9	•	726-6441
Seven Sisters	–	Box	9,	R0E	1Y0	•	348-4004                         Carberry	–	Box	900,	R0K	0H0	•	834-8800
Sprague	–	Box	70,	R0A	1Z0	•	437-2348                              Dauphin	–	Box	10,	27-2nd	Ave.	SW,	R7N	3E5	•	622-2106
Steinbach	–	Unit	B	–	284	Reimer	Ave,	R5G	OR5	•	346-6110           Grandview	–	Box	156,	R0L	0Y0	•	546-5000
West Hawk Lake	–	Box	119,	R0E	2H0	•	349-2245                      killarney	–	Box	1420,	R0K	1G0	•	523-5200
                                                                  Mafeking	–	Box	27,	R0L	1B0	•	545-2263
                                                                  Neepawa	–	Box	1089,	R0J	1H0	•	476-2076
                                                                  Roblin	–	Box	849,	R0L	1P0	•	937-2181
                                                                  Shoal Lake	–	Box	416,	R0J	1Z0	•	759-4080	
                                                                  Swan River	–	Box	640,	R0L	1Z0	•	734-3429
                                                                  Virden	–	Box	1360,	R0M	2C0	•	748-4240
                                                                  Winnipegosis	–	Box	366,	R0L	2G0	•	656-7030
1-800-214-6497
For more information on this and other wildlife programs,
call this toll-free number or 945-6784 in Winnipeg or go to:
manitobaca/conservation/wildlife




                MG-8691 (Rev. 2008)

								
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