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Inventory Management System Final Year Project Report Ppt Ongoing and Recently Completed NCHRP and by nnl20709

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Inventory Management System Final Year Project Report Ppt document sample

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									     Ongoing and Recently Completed NCHRP and TCRP Projects

   Project No.         Year   Project Name                                  URL
NCHRP PROJECTS
1  551                 2006   Performance Measures and Targets for          http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nc
                              Transportation Asset Management               hrp_rpt_551.pdf
2     6-17             2005   Performance Measures for Snow and Ice         http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                              Control Operations                            0cee8525673600663c80/e852202779bb7dd68
                                                                            5256f100053441f?OpenDocument
3     8-36 (Task 47)   2005   Effective Organization of Performance         http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/5d54b8918a
                              Measurement                                   246d378525674800561b39?OpenDocument
4     3-79             2004   Measuring and Predicting the Performance of   http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                              Automobile Traffic on Urban Streets           0cee8525673600663c80/80c92ba446a9867b8
                                                                            5256d72004a6d0b?OpenDocument
5     20-7(Task 202)   2004   Guide to Benchmarking Operations              http://www4.nationalacademies.org/trb/crp.ns
                              Performance Measures                          f/All+Projects/NCHRP+20-07
6     7-15             2004   Cost-Effective Measures and Planning          http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Procedures for Travel Time, Delay and         NCHRP+7-15
                              Reliability
7     20-63            2004   Performance Measurement Tool Box and          http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Reporting System for Research Programs and    NCHRP+20-63
                              Projects
8     20-60            2003   Performance Measures and Targets for          http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                              Transportation Asset Management               0cee8525673600663c80/179f4048978ee83a8
                                                                            5256b99004523ec?OpenDocument
9     20-24            2003   Using Performance Measures to Manage          http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/d1923f9edf1
                              Change in State Departments of                d502b85256c090055cbf9?OpenDocument
                              Transportation
1     3-68             2003   Guide to Effective Freeway Performance        http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Measurement                                   NCHRP+3-68
11    17-26            2003   Methodology to Predict the Safety             http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/def471da10
                              Performance of Urban and Suburban Arterials   10d08d85256b9900451806?OpenDocument
12    20-24            2003   Performance Measurement in Context            http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/66281519b8
                              Sensitive Design                              3c1cbc85256d9e004773b8?OpenDocument
13    20-60            2003   Performance Measures and Targets for          http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Transportation Asset Management               NCHRP+20-60
14    8-43             2002   Methods for Forecasting Statewide Freight     http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Movements and Related Performance             NCHRP+8-43
                              Measures
15    20-57            2002   Analytic Tools to Support Transportation      http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Asset Management                              NCHRP+20-57
16    20-24            2001   Managing Change in State Departments of       http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/b78448df7c
                              Transportation                                346de485256a9c006cdb16?OpenDocument
17    6-14             2000   Feasibility of Using Friction Indicators to   http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Improve Winter Maintenance Operations and     NCHRP+6-14
                              Mobility
18    446              2000   A guidebook for Performance-Based             http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                              Transportation Planning                       NCHRP+8-32(2)A
19    14-13            1999   Customer-Driven Benchmarking for Highway      http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                              Maintenance Activities                        0cee8525673600663c80/ae4166e0b7fca58485
                                                                            25674800561a8a?OpenDocument
20    2-22             1999   Case Studies on Communicating the Economic    http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/301f26e66a
                              Benefits of Transportation Investments        6b162d8525688000586f6e?OpenDocument
21    2-19             1997   Guidance on Using Existing Analytic Tools     http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/432b3eaaa0



                                                      1
                            for Evaluating Transportation Investments     12c9eb8525674800561b2a?OpenDocument
22   2-22            1997   Needs in Communicating the Economic           http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                            Impacts of Transportation Investment          NCHRP+2-22

23   8-32            1995   Multimodal Transportation: Development of a   http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                            Performance-Based Planning Process            0cee8525673600663c80/faa95b325507e9368
                                                                          525674800561b18?OpenDocument
24   1-33            1995   Methodology to Improve Pavement-              http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Project
                            Investment Decisions                          s/NCHRP+1-33
25   3-55            1995   Performance Measures and Levels of Service    http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/7e67a1903f
                            in the Year 2000 Highway Capacity Manual      4066f08525674800561a3b?OpenDocument
26   8-32            1994   Multimodal Transportation: Development of a   http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                            Performance-Based Planning Process            NCHRP+8-32(2)A

27   20-24           1994   Customer-Based Quality in Transportation      http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                                                                          0cee8525673600663c80/7ba7509eaaa295af85
                                                                          256748005619c2?OpenDocument
28   2-17            1991   Measuring the Relationship Between Freight    http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/9bbbc431bb
                            Transportation Services and Industry          afc6238525674800561ab2?OpenDocument
                            Productivity
29   20-24 (06)A     1991   Performance Measures for State Highway and    http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                            Transportation Agencies                       0cee8525673600663c80/a1709eba2d0773008
                                                                          525674800561a20?OpenDocument
30   20-5            1967   Synthesis of Information Related to Highway   http://www4.nationalacademies.org/trb/crp.ns
                            Problems                                      f/All+Projects/NCHRP+20-05
TCRP PROJECTS
31 88                2003   A Guidebook for Developing a Transit          http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/
                            Performance-Measurement System                TCRP+G-06
32   B-11            1998   Customer-Defined Transit Service Quality      http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                                                                          0cee8525673600663c80/98726f110d81653a8
                                                                          52567480056331e?OpenDocument
33   E-03A           1997   Applications for Improved Inventory           http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/63b33593db2
                            Management for Public Transit Systems         829ee8525672f0062cef3/84c3d9617eaf8b988
                                                                          52567480056332e?OpenDocument
34   F-03            1992   Total Quality Management in Public            http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b25
                            Transportation                                0cee8525673600663c80/7c37e7c464331ec58
                                                                          5256748005632c7?OpenDocument
TCHRP SYNTHESIS PROJECTS
35 311               2003   Performance Measures of Operational           http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/nchrp/nchr
                            Effectiveness for Highway Segments and        p_syn_311.pdf
                            Systems
36   300             2001   Performance Measures for Research,            http://trb.org/publications/nchrp/nchrp_syn_3
                            Development and Technology Programs           00.pdf
TCRP SYNTHESIS PROJECTS
37 SG-10             2003   Use of Performance-Based Measures in          http://www4.nationalacademies.org/trb/crp.ns
                            Allocating Transit Funding                    f/All+Projects/TCRP+J-07
38   40              2001   A Challenged Employment System: Hiring,       http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tsyn40.
                            Training, Performance Evaluation, and         pdf
                            Retention of Bus Operators
39   E-03A           2001   Applications for Improved Inventory           http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tcrp_w
                            Management for Public Transit Systems         ebdoc_17.pdf

40   22              1997   Monitoring Bus Maintenance Performance        http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tsyn22.
                                                                          pdf




                                                    2
41   7   1995   The Role of Performance Based Measures in   http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tsyn06.
                Allocating Funding for Transit Operations   pdf




                                       3
Post 2002
42. Achillides, C. D., and D. M. Bullock. Performance Metrics For Freeway Sensors. Purdue University.
    December 2004.
    http://rebar.ecn.purdue.edu/JTRP_Completed_Project_Documents/SPR_2713/FinalReport/spr_2713_final/I
    nsideCover.pdf. Accessed June 2005

43. Adams, T., M. Danijarsa, T. Martinelli, G. Stanuch, and A. Vonderohe. Performance Measures for Winter
    Operations. In Transportation Research Record 1824, Transportation Research Board, NW Washington,
    DC, 2003, pp. 87-97
    http://www.topslab.wisc.edu/resources/publications/adams_2003_2106.pdf

44. Amekudzi, A, Meyer, M. NCHRP Report 541: Consideration of Environmental Factors in Transportation
    Systems Planning. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA. Transportation Research Board,
    Washington, DC, 2005.

45. Atkins. Local transport plans – policy evaluation: Part 1 – Final Report. Report to the Department for
    Transport, London, March 2003.
    http://www.dft.gov.uk/stellent/groups/dft_localtrans/documents/page/dft_localtrans022473.hcsp

46. Balke, Kevin N, Charara, Hassan, Parker, Ricky. Development of a Traffic Signal Performance
    Measurement System (TSPMS). Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, Texas Department of
    Transportation, Austin, Federal Highway Administration, Washington DC, USA, 2005.

47. Barolsky,Rachael. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Planning Practice: A Peer Exchange.
    Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, USA, 2005.

48. Bertini, R., A. El-Geneidy. Generating Transit Performance Measures with Archived Data. In
    Transportation Research Record 1841, Transportation Research Board, NW Washington, DC, 2003, pp.
    109-119.

49. Bremmer, D., K. C. Cotton, B. Hamilton. Emerging Performance Measurement Responses to Changing
    Political Pressures at State DOTs: A Practitioners’ Perspective. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation
    Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005

50. Bremmer, D., K. C. Cotton, D. Cotey, C. E. Prestrud, G. Westby Measuring Congestion: Learning From
    Operational Data. TRB 2004.
    http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/accountability/peaktime/WSDOT_Measuring_congestion.pdf. Accessed June
    2005

51. Capers Jr., H.A., M.F. Tobin, R.C. Harris. Performance-Based Programming of Bridges in New Jersey. In
    Report E-C049, IBMC03-008, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, April 2003,
    http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec049.pdf
    Accessed: June 15, 2005

52. Cowe-Falls, L. and R. Haas. Asset valuation methodologies and performance measurement in Life-Cycle
    Analysis, International Society For Asphalt Pavements, Ninth International Conference On Asphalt
    Pavements August 17 - 22, 2002. Proceedings. 2003. pp- (9 Refs.)


53. Crossett, J., and S. Oldham. A Framework for Measuring DOT Performance in Context Sensitive Solutions.
    84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005



                                                       4
54. Dumbaugh, E. M. D. Meyer. Exploring the Relationship between Agency Performance Measures and
    Operations Investments in a Metropolitan Area. 82nd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research
    Board, Washington, DC, 2003

55. Emberger G., A. D. May, S. P. Shepherd, and A. Sumalee. Method to Identify Optimal Land Use and
    Transport Policy Packages, Proc. of the 9th TRB Conference on the Application of Transportation Planning
    Methods, Louisiana, USA. 2003

56. Eisele, William; Toycen, Casey. Identifying and Quantifying Operational and Safety Performance
    Measures for Access Management: Micro-Simulation Results. Texas Transportation Institute. Southwest
    Region University Transportation Center. Federal Highway Administration. 2005.
    http://trisonline.bts.gov/detail.cfm?ANNUMBER=01019175&STARTROW=21&CFID=3383768&CFTOK
    EN=44162850.

57. Eisele, W.L., T.J. Lomax, B.J. Gregor, R.D. Arnold. Developing and Implementing Statewide Operations
    Performance Measures in the State of Oregon: Methodology and Application for Using HERS-ST and
    Archived Real-time Data. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC,
    2005

58. Falcocchio, J.C. Performance Measures For Evaluating Transportation Systems: A Stakeholder
    Perspective. 83rd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004

59. Falls, L., R. Jurgens. A Review of the Alberta Performance Measures. Transportation Association of
    Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
    http://www.tac-atc.ca/english/pdf/conf2003/jurgens.pdf
    Accessed June 2005

60. Falls, L.C., R. Jurgens. Four R’s of Performance Measurement: the Alberta Case Study. 83rd TRB Annual
    Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004

61. FHWA Asset Management Position Paper. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/asstmgmt/ampp.htm.
    Accessed December 2004.

62. Florida‟s Mobility Performance Measures Program.
    http://www.dot.state.fl.us/planning/statistics/mobilitymeasures/default.htm. Accessed December 2004.

63. Glaze, R., Y. Llort, G. Laidlaw , and T. Wang. Evaluation of Transport Performance Measures for Cities.
    In Journal Routes/Roads 319, World Road Association, France, July 2003, pp.5-12.
64. Guttenplan, M., B. Davis, R. Steiner, D. Miller. Planning-Level Area Wide Multimodal Level-of-Service
    Analysis: Performance Measures for Congestion Management. In Transportation Research Record 1858,
    Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003, pp.61-68.

65. Hansen, M., and C. McAndrews. Challenges of Measuring the Performance of FAA’s Safety Oversight
    System. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005.

66. House of Commons. On Target? Government by Measurement Fifth Report, House of Commons Public
    Administration Select Committee, Sixth Report of Session 2002-03, HC62-1, The Stationary Office. 2003
    http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm200203/cmselect/cmpubadm/62/62.pdf

67. Humphreys, I. and J. Fry. Performance Measurement In Airports: A Critical International Comparison.
    Public Works Management & Policy. 2002/04. 6(4) pp264-275



                                                      5
68. Ishak, S., Deriving Traffic-Performance Measures and Levels of Service from Second-Order Statistical
    Features of Spatio-temporal Traffic Contour Maps. In Transportation Research Record 1858.
    Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003, 148-157.

69. Kong, J.S., D.M. Frangpol. System Reliability Modeling in Bridge Management. In Report E-C049,
    IBMC03-008, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, April 2003,
    http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec049.pd
    Accessed: June 15, 2005

70. Lee, H-S., and M-T. Chou. A New Performance Ranking method for Ports Based on Data Envelopment
    Analysis. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005

71. Littman, T. Rail Transit Impacts on Transportation System Performance. 84th TRB Annual Meeting.
    Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005

72. Mattingly, S.P., P.T. Vo, I. Rasmidatta, and J.C. Williams. Assessing the Performance of a Statewide
    Multimodal Transportation System. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board,
    Washington, DC, 2005

73. Marsden, G. and P. Bonsall. Performance targets in transport policy, Forthcoming in Transport Policy.
    2005

74. Marsden, G. U.K. Moves Toward Transportation Funding Based on Performance, The Urban
    Transportation Monitor, 19 (3), 3, February 18th. 2005

75. Medley, S., M. Demetsky. Development of Congestion Performance Measures Using ITS Information. In
    Report FHWA/VTRC 03-R1, Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, January 2003.
    http://cts.virginia.edu/docs/UVACTS-5-0-9.pdf. Accessed June 2005

76. Meyer, M.D. Use of Performance Measures for Surface Transportation in Different Institutional and
    Cultural Contexts: The Case of Australia, Japan and New Zealand. 84th TRB Annual Meeting.
    Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005

77. Meyer, M., R. Schuman. Transportation Performance Measures and Data. In ITE Journal Volume:72
    Issue:11, Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, DC, November 2002, pp. 48-49.

78. Minnesota Department of Transportation. Minnesota Statewide Highway Systems Operation Plan.
    Minnesota Department of Transportation. Saint Paul, Minnesota. April 2005.
    http://www.oim.dot.state.mn.us/Final-HSOP.pdf . Accessed January 2006.

79. Murray, D., B. Lambert. Developing Real-Time Performance Measures in Freight Significant Corridors.
    ITS America, Washington, DC, 2004. http://www.uppermidwestfreight.org/resources/Truck_Performance-
    FHWA.doc
    Accessed June 2005

80. Namanishi, Y., K. Kim, Y. Ulusoy, A. Bata. Assessing Emergency Preparedness Of Transit Agencies: A
    Focus On Performance Indicators. 82nd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board,
    Washington, DC, 2003

81. Performance Improvement Practices. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
    RO#:50.10.00.B1480. http://www4.nationalacademies.org/pga/rap.nsf/ByTitle/50.10.00.B1480.
82. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Planning Practice: A Peer Exchange. TRB 2005.
    http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec073.pd

                                                       6
   Accessed June 2005

83. Poister, T.H., D.L. Margolis, D.E. Zimmerman. Strategic Management at PennDOT: A Results Driven
    Approach. 83rd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004

84. Reiff, Bud; Gregor, Brian. Transportation Planning Performance Measures. Report FHWA-OR-RD-06-
    08. Oregon Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. 2005.
    http://trisonline.bts.gov/detail.cfm?ANNUMBER=01018760&STARTROW=11&CFID=3383768&CFTOK
    EN=44162850.

85. Research and the Government Performance and Results Act. Project Identification Number: CSEP-Q-98-01-
    A. http://www4.nas.edu/webcr.nsf/ProjectScopeDisplay/CSEP-Q-98-01-A.
    Accessed

86. Robinson, M., E. Raynault, S. Rennie, E.A. Sheldahl. Performance-Based Contract Maintenance in the
    District of Columbia – Results and Lessons Learned at the Half-Way Point. 83rd TRB Annual Meeting.
    Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004
87. Rodriguez, A. and F. Bijotat. Performance Measurement, Strategic Planning, And Performance-Based
    Budgeting In Illinois Local And Regional Public Airports. Public Works Management & Policy. 2003/10.
    8(2) pp132-145

88. Schneider, N., D. P. Cottrell. Using Performance Measures to Effect Safety Improvements: A Case Study
    from The New York State Comprehensive Bus Safety Inspection Program. University of Tennessee,
    Knoxville, April 2002.

89. Shammout, K., L. Englisher, and J. Conklin. An Approach to Monitoring Performance Measures of Transit
    Intelligent Transportation Systems. American Public Transportation Association, Washington, DC, 2004.

90. Sinha, Kumares; Labi, Samuel; Rodriguez, Marcela; Shah, Hardik. A Performance-Based Approach for
    Estimating Bridge Preservation Funding Needs. Transportation Research Board 85th Annual Meeting.
    Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C. 2006.
    http://trisonline.bts.gov/detail.cfm?ANNUMBER=01020418&STARTROW=1&CFID=3383768&CFTOKE
    N=44162850.

91. Sivakumar, B., C. Minervino, and W. Edberg. New Bridge Performance Measures for Prioritizing Bridges.
    In Report E-C049, IBMC03-008, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, April 2003, pp. 348-
    360. http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec049.pdf
92. Sousa, P., E.J. Miller. A Performance-Driven Transit Funding Model. 84th TRB Annual Meeting.
    Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005

93. Strategic Performance Measures for State Departments of Transportation. A Handbook for CEOs and
    Executives. TransTech Management, Incorporated. http://downloads.transportation.org/Quality-
    CEOHandbook.pdf.
     Accessed December 2004.

94. Thompson, G. Anti-Icing and Material Distribution Performance Measures for Achieving Level of Service
    through Mobile Data Collection. In Report E-C063, SNOW04-004, Transportation Research Board,
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    Accessed: June 15, 2005



                                                     7
95. TMCPFS. TMC Performance Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting Handbook.
    http://tmcpfs.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/cfprojects/new_detail.cfm?id=62&new=0. Accessed: January 17, 2006

96. Tsekeris, T., A. Skabardonis. On-Line Performance Measurement Models For Urban Arterial Networks.
    83rd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004

97. Turnbull, K. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Systems. Summary of the Second National
    Conference. Conference Proceedings 36. Texas Transportation Institute. Transportation Research Board.
    Beckman Center. Irvine, California. August 22-24, 2004.

98. Turnbull, K. Planning the Road Ahead with Market Research: Transportation Agencies Stay in Gear with
    Customers, Resources, and Performance Measures. In Journal TR News 230, Transportation Research
    Board, Washington, DC, January 2004, pp. 10-16.

99. Turner, S., T. Lomax, R. Margiotta, and V. Pearce. FHWA's Mobility Monitoring Program: Transforming
    Gigabytes of Archived Operations Data into Mobility and Reliability Performance Measures. Institute of
    Transportation Engineers, Washington, DC, 2002.
100. Vandervalk, A. Mobility Performance Measures: State Perspective. Institute of Transportation
   Engineers, Washington, DC, 2002.

101. Venner, M. Measuring Environmental Performance at State Transportation Agencies. 82nd TRB
   Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003

102. Wang, H., M. Jin, N. Rana. A New Performance Measure System for Intermodal Transportation. 83rd
   TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004

103.   WSDOT‟s Quarterly Performance Report. http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/accountability/GrayNotebook.pdf.

104. Yew, Connie. U.K.-U.S.-Japan Workshop on Performance Measurement. Federal Highway
   Administration. Tokyo, Japan. November 16, 2005. Session 1:
   http://knowledge.fhwa.dot.gov/cops/pm.nsf/All+Documents/4FA4E621F0156B9D852570D50054CB4A/$F
   ILE/Tri-WorkShop%20Schedule-Session1.pdf. Accessed January 2006.

105. Zietsman, J., L. R. Rilett. Sustainable Transportation: Conceptualization and Performance Measures. In
   Report SWUTC/02/167403-1, Southwest Region University Transportation Center, Texas A&M University,
   College Station, March 2002.
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   Communities. In Report SWUTC/03/167128-1, Texas Transportation Institute, The Texas A&M University
   System, College Station, October 2003

107. Zietsman, J., S. Kim, L. R. Rilett. Application of Sustainable Transportation Performance Measures.
   Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.


Pre-2002

108. Breen, J. Road safety strategies and targets in Europe. (European Transport Safety Council).
   Proceedings Of ROSPA 64TH Road Safety Congress Held 1-3 MARCH 1999. Ashford International, Kent.
   1999. 14p




                                                     8
109. Denmark, D. Performance Measurement In Community Transport Setting The Pace. 8th International
   Conference On Transport And Mobility For Elderly And Disabled People, Perth, Western Australia,
   September 1998. Volume 2. 1998. pp473-8

110. Elvik, R. Setting goals - effective road safety target setting. Proceedings Of Best In Europe 2000 Road
   Safety Conference Held 12 September 2000. Brussels. 2000. pp10-8

111. National Audit Office. Measuring the Performance of Government Departments, National Audit Office,
   HC 301, Session 2000-2001, The Stationary Office. http://www.nao.org.uk/publications/nao_reports/00-
   01/0001301.pdf

112. PIARC. Development Of Tools For Performance Measurement. Final report. (Developpement d'outils
   de mesure de la performance. Rapport final.) SO: PIARC 1.115.02.B-19989. 1998. 91p

113. Stuart, D.G. Goal-Setting And Performance Measurement In Transportation Planning And
   Programming. Journal of Public Transportation. 1997/03. 1(2) pp49-72
114. Transportation Research Board. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Systems and Agency
   Operations. Conference Proceedings 26. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C. 2001.
   http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/conf/reports/cp_26.pdf.

115. Turner, D., M. Dix, K. Gardner, and S. Beevers. Setting traffic reduction targets for London. Traffic
   Engineering And Control. 1999/04. 40(4) pp186-94

116. Wegman, F.C.M. Statistical Assessment And Targets: Contribution To PIARC World Road Congress.
   (19TH), Ad Hoc Group IV: Road Safety. Held In Marrakesh, Morocco On September 22-28, 1991.


NCHRP References

1.      Performance Measures and Targets for Transportation Asset Management. 551. 2006.
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_551.pdf

2.      Performance Measures for Snow and Ice Control Operations. 6-17. 2005.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/e852202779bb7dd685256f100053441f?
OpenDocument

The objective of this research is to recommend methods and measures for assessing agency and contractor
performance in snow and ice control operations. The research shall cover all road classifications.

3.      Effective Organization of Performance Measurement. 8-36 (Task 47) 2005
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/5d54b8918a246d378525674800561b39

The objective of this study is to summarize and assess where data groups are located in state DOT organizations
and their functions, their purposes, and their performance.

4.      Measuring and Predicting the Performance of Automobile Traffic on Urban Streets. 3-79. 2004.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/80c92ba446a9867b85256d72004a6d0b?
OpenDocument

This research studies the development of techniques to measure the performance of automobile traffic on urban


                                                       9
streets for real-time applications and the development of procedures to predict the performance of automobile
traffic on urban streets that will provide a foundation for an update of the HCM.

5.      Guide to Benchmarking Operations Performance Measures. 20-7(Task 202). 2004.
http://www4.nationalacademies.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+20-07

This study will develop a guide with procedures for benchmarking performance measures for systems
operations and management. A sole source proposal has been requested.

6.      Cost-Effective Measures and Planning Procedures for Travel Time, Delay and Reliability. 7-15. 2004
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+7-15

The objective of this project is to develop a guidebook that presents a framework and cost-effective methods to
predict, measure, and report travel time, delay, and reliability data from a customer-oriented perspective.

7.     Performance Measurement Tool Box and Reporting System for Research Programs and Projects. 20-63.
2004. http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+20-63

The objectives of this research project are to develop (1) a tool box for measuring the performance of applied
transportation research programs and projects and (2) a web-based system for reporting the accomplishments of
individual state research activities and their aggregate value on a national level.

8.      Performance Measures and Targets for Transportation Asset Management. 20-60. 2003.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/179f4048978ee83a85256b99004523ec?
OpenDocument

The objectives of this project are to provide an assessment of and recommendations for performance measures
suitable for asset management that effectively address resource allocation and that address facility preservation,
operation, and improvement. Also, to develop a framework that decision makers can use for selecting suitable
performance measures and setting performance targets.

9.      Using Performance Measures to Manage Change in State Departments of Transportation. 20-24. 2003
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/d1923f9edf1d502b85256c090055cbf9?OpenDocument

The objective of this project is to develop a simple and practical guidebook aimed at CEOs of state Departments
of Transportation outlining ways to implement best practices for incorporating the use of performance measures
into management practices and strategic planning.

10.     Guide to Effective Freeway Performance Measurement. 3-68. 2003.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+3-68

The objective of this research is to develop a guide on the effective use of freeway performance measures in
operating the system and in meeting the information needs of a large spectrum of potential local, regional, and
national users.

11.     Methodology to Predict the Safety Performance of Urban and Suburban Arterials. 17-26. 2003.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/def471da1010d08d85256b9900451806?OpenDocument

The objective of this project is to develop a methodology that predicts the safety performance of the various
elements (e.g., lane width, shoulder width, use of curbs) considered in planning, design, and operation of non-
limited-access urban and suburban arterials.
12.    Performance Measurement in Context Sensitive Design. 20-24. 2003.


                                                        10
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/66281519b83c1cbc85256d9e004773b8?OpenDocument

The objective of this project is to propose model performance measures for context sensitive design
implementation. This effort will complement ongoing benchmarking efforts.

13.     Performance Measures and Targets for Transportation Asset Management. 20-60. 2003.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+20-60

The objectives of this project are to (1) provide an assessment of and recommendations for performance
measures suitable for asset management that effectively address resource allocation and that address facility
preservation, operation, and improvement and (2) develop a framework that decision makers can use for
selecting suitable performance measures and setting performance targets. The research proposed in this project
should complement the "Guide" being developed under NCHRP Project 20-24(11).

14.    Methods for Forecasting Statewide Freight Movements and Related Performance Measures. 8-43.
2002. http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+8-43
The objective of this project is to develop an analytical framework for forecasting freight movements at the
state level. This framework will include (1) a tool kit of data collection techniques, analytical procedures, and
computer models; (2) management approaches and decision making procedures; and (3) performance evaluation
methods that can guide states in establishing priorities for improving their transportation systems to best
accommodate increase freight demand.




                                                       11
15.     Analytic Tools to Support Transportation Asset Management. 20-57. 2002.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+20-57

The objective of this research is to develop a set of user-friendly analytical tools for adaptation and use by state
DOTs and other transportation agencies that will improve their ability to identify, evaluate, and recommend
investment decisions for managing the agency's assets.

16.     Managing Change in State Departments of Transportation. 20-24. 2001.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/b78448df7c346de485256a9c006cdb16?OpenDocument

The objective is to address changes in the society and the corresponding changes state DOTs in strategic
planning, organizational restructuring, performance measurement, process engineering and outsourcing.

17.    Feasibility of Using Friction Indicators to Improve Winter Maintenance Operations and Mobility. 6-14.
2000. http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+6-14

This research provided background information on friction measurements and identified four potential scenarios
for use of friction measurements in winter maintenance operations.

18.     A guidebook for Performance-Based Transportation Planning. 446. 2000.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+8-32(2)A

The report provides transportation organizations, planning practitioners, and transportation decision makers
with practical tools and guidance for considering system performance in the multimodal transportation planning
and decision-making process

19.     Customer-Driven Benchmarking for Highway Maintenance Activities. 14-13. 1999.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/ae4166e0b7fca5848525674800561a8a?
OpenDocument

This research is to develop a primer that illustrates the benefits and promotes the use of benchmarking and to
develop a guide that assists in implementing benchmarking in the highway maintenance community.

20.     Case Studies on Communicating the Economic Benefits of Transportation Investments. 2-22. 1999.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/301f26e66a6b162d8525688000586f6e?OpenDocument

This continuation project will be directed to investigate the effectiveness of specific communication strategies
that have been implemented by transportation agencies and to demonstrate how those strategies have been
designed, implemented, and evaluated. The case studies will demonstrate the range of practices and assess the
strengths and weaknesses of alternative communication strategies.

21.     Guidance on Using Existing Analytic Tools for Evaluating Transportation Investments. 2-19. 1997.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/7ba7509eaaa295af85256748005619c2?
OpenDocument

The objective of this research is to develop a "user-friendly", practical guidance on the use of analytical
techniques to address typical transportation decision-making problems. The underlying emphasis of this
research is to adopt a bottom-up approach to link existing tools to analytical requirements at the state DOT and
MPO levels. Instead of forcing the decision-making process to conform to prescribed analytical tools, this
guidance will seek to empower decision makers to select appropriate techniques to meet their unique needs
given data constraints, staffing expertise, available time, and other practical limitations.




                                                         12
22.     Needs in Communicating the Economic Impacts of Transportation Investment. 2-22. 1997.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+2-22

NCHRP Report 436 is based upon extensive market research to develop guidance to assist state DOTs and other
transportation agencies in more effectively and proactively communicating - to decision makers and to the
public - the important contributions transportation improvements can make to the economy and to economic
performance.

23.     Multimodal Transportation: Development of a Performance-Based Planning Process. 8-32. 1995.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/faa95b325507e9368525674800561b18?
OpenDocument

The objective of this research is to develop a framework for multimodal transportation planning that is based on
system performance, is responsive to decision makers and customers, and provides the basis for allocating
resources. The specific objectives of this first phase of research are to conceptualize the framework and define
the research needed to make it an effective tool.

24.     Methodology to Improve Pavement-Investment Decisions. 1-33. 1995.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+1-33

The project developed a new roughness index and presented a methodology for conducting life-cycle cost
analysis. The research reviewed literature on the relationships between user costs and pavement roughness,
developed a new roughness index, and presented on a CD-ROM a method for conducting life-cycle cost
analysis. However, the data needed to apply this method may not be readily available. The agency's final report
has been distributed to all state highway agencies. The report is summarized in NCHRP Research Results
Digest 246

25.     Performance Measures and Levels of Service in the Year 2000 Highway Capacity Manual. 3-55. 1995.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/7e67a1903f4066f08525674800561a3b?OpenDocument

The objective of this research was to recommend appropriate MOEs and additional performance measures,
methods for estimating them, and LOS structures for use in the HCM 2000. All recommendations considered
the special nature of oversaturated conditions and consistency of performance measures to allow facility
comparison and aggregation across systems.

26.     Multimodal Transportation: Development of a Performance-Based Planning Process. 8-32/ 1994.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+8-32(2)A

The report provides transportation organizations, planning practitioners, and transportation decision makers
with practical tools and guidance for considering system performance in the multimodal transportation planning
and decision-making process.

27.     Customer-Based Quality in Transportation. 20-24. 1994.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/7ba7509eaaa295af85256748005619c2?
OpenDocument

Through interviews with selected state DOT officials and focus groups with state DOT customers, these issues
were addressed by the contract research agency.

28.    Measuring the Relationship Between Freight Transportation Services and Industry Productivity. 2-17.
1991. http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/0/9bbbc431bbafc6238525674800561ab2?OpenDocument



                                                       13
This project assessed the impacts of current and prospective changes in transportation services and
infrastructure on industry productivity. The key components of logistics systems (e.g., inventory costs,
distribution patterns, modes used, transport costs, reliability, infrastructure needs, and damage costs) were noted
and their relationship to industry productivity assessed. A generalized process was developed for public
agencies to apply the relationships derived and improve decision making on transportation investments and
policy.

29.     Performance Measures for State Highway and Transportation Agencies. 20-24 (06)A. 1991.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/a1709eba2d0773008525674800561a20?
OpenDocument

A compendium of performance measures and indicators to assist state highway and transportation departments
and their CAOs in evaluating and continuously improving the operational performance of their agencies was
developed. In addition to the compendium, commentary on the use of performance measures and indicators is
provided and directed primarily to CAOs and other top managers

30.     Synthesis of Information Related to Highway Problems. 20-5. 1967.
http://www4.nationalacademies.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/NCHRP+20-05

In this project, particular highway problems, or sets of closely related problems, are designated as topics for
information synthesis. For each topic the project objectives are to locate and assemble documented information,
learn what engineering practice has been used for solving or alleviating the problem, identify all ongoing
research, learn what problems remain largely unsolved, organize, evaluate, and document the useful information
that is acquired and evaluate the effectiveness of the synthesis after it has been in the hands of its users for a
period of time.

TCRP References
31.     A Guidebook for Developing a Transit Performance-Measurement System. 88. 2003.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/TCRP+G-06

The objective of this research was to produce a practical, user-friendly guidebook that assists transit system
managers in developing a performance-measurement system that uses traditional and nontraditional
performance indicators and measures to address customer-oriented and community issues. The guidebook
provides a menu of performance indicators and measures, describes how to select and implement the most
appropriate performance indicators and measures, and explains how to incorporate the indicators and measures
in the decision-making process to monitor and improve service.

32.     Customer-Defined Transit Service Quality. B-11. 1998.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/98726f110d81653a852567480056331e?
OpenDocument

The outcome of this research is a comprehensive list of transit performance indicators that are currently used by
transit agencies as a means to monitor the level of transit service. A survey was administered to customers to
arrive at a ranking of service-quality measures, in order of their impact on overall customer satisfaction. The
list of service-quality measures was compared with the list of agency performance indicators, and the
performance measures were revised to reflect customer-defined service. Using the research findings from the
field test, the methodology was refined and a preliminary method for assessing transit operations was
developed. Methods for benchmarks and tracking information are also identified.

33.     Applications for Improved Inventory Management for Public Transit Systems. E-03A. 1997.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/63b33593db2829ee8525672f0062cef3/84c3d9617eaf8b98852567480056332e?
OpenDocument


                                                        14
The objectives of this report were to further isolate and the test results in a real environment considering
demographics, fleet size, and composition, organization, inventory management practices, performance and
technology, and information systems. Also, using a controlled environment test, to demonstrate that the
conclusions reached from the research phase were valid or to identify adjustments required to implement the
conclusions in "real world" conditions.

34.     Total Quality Management in Public Transportation. F-03. 1992.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/06b9849e1b250cee8525673600663c80/7c37e7c464331ec585256748005632c7?
OpenDocument

The result of this research project is a guidebook that describes how to implement total quality management
(TQM) in a transit agency. The guidebook highlights significant aspects of TQM, relates TQM to public transit,
and provides suggested references and a glossary on the subject. This guidebook distills the findings of the
research project into "how to" tips for quality managers, focusing on the three phases of TQM implementation:
the foundation phase, the momentum phase, and the commitment phase. The role of management leadership is
also described.

NCHRP SYNTHESIS PROJECTS
35.     Performance Measures of Operational Effectiveness for Highway Segments and Systems. 311. 2003.
http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/nchrp/nchrp_syn_311.pdf

This synthesis examined the use of performance measures for the monitoring and operational management of
highway segments and systems.

36.      Performance Measures for Research, Development and Technology Programs. 300- 2001.
http://trb.org/publications/nchrp/nchrp_syn_300.pdf

This is a study the implementation of performance measures for research, development and technology
(RD&T).


TCRP SYNTHESIS PROJECTS
37.     Use of Performance-Based Measures in Allocating Transit Funding. SG-10. 2003.
http://www4.nationalacademies.org/trb/crp.nsf/All+Projects/TCRP+J-07

The project objectives are to (1) locate and assemble documented information; (2) learn what practice has been
used for solving or alleviating the problems; (3) identify all ongoing research; (4) learn what problems remain
largely unsolved; and (5) organize, evaluate, and document the useful information that is acquired

38.    A Challenged Employment System: Hiring, Training, Performance Evaluation, and Retention of Bus
Operators. 40. 2001. http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tsyn40.pdf

This is a series of studies to search out and synthesize useful knowledge from all available sources and to
prepare reports on current practices of related transit problems.

39.     Applications for Improved Inventory Management for Public Transit Systems. E-03A. 2001.
http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tcrp_webdoc_17.pdf




                                                       15
U.S. transit agencies were surveyed for information on current inventory management practices, benchmarking
the values of performance measurement indices use, and analyzing the impact of organization and policy
decisions on inventory performance.

40.     Monitoring Bus Maintenance Performance. 22. 1997.
http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tsyn22.pdf

This is a series of studies to search out and synthesize useful knowledge from all available sources and to
prepare reports on current practices of related transit problems.

41.     The Role of Performance Based Measures in Allocating Funding for Transit Operations. 7. 1995.
http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tsyn06.pdf

This is a series of studies to search out and synthesize useful knowledge from all available sources and to
prepare reports on current practices of related transit problems.



Other References Since 2002
    42. Achillides, C. D., and D. M. Bullock. Performance Metrics For Freeway Sensors. Purdue University.
        December 2004.
        http://rebar.ecn.purdue.edu/JTRP_Completed_Project_Documents/SPR_2713/FinalReport/spr_2713_fin
        al/InsideCover.pdf.
        Accessed June 2005
Purdue University‟s Joint Transportation Research Program has released a report that examines several sensor
data quality control issues. The report documents inconsistency in data quality provided by different detection
technologies and includes recommendations for improving construction and configuration procedures. The
report also highlights several simple performance metrics that transportation agencies can use to assess the
quality of traffic data and sustain that quality over time.

    43. Adams, T., M. Danijarsa, T. Martinelli, G. Stanuch, and A. Vonderohe. Performance Measures for
        Winter Operations. In Transportation Research Record 1824, Transportation Research Board, NW
        Washington, DC, 2003, pp. 87-97.
        http://www.topslab.wisc.edu/resources/publications/adams_2003_2106.pdf
        Accessed June 2005
This paper describes a comprehensive set of performance measures for winter maintenance that can be
computed from data collected by DGPS receivers and sensors on winter maintenance vehicles. The performance
measures are indicators of how well winter maintenance operations meet and satisfy expectations.
Consequently, the measures directly tie to the business processes and performance of operations. After base line
values of the measures are established, changes in performance can be related to cost of the technology.

    44. Amekudzi, A, Meyer, M. NCHRP Report 541: Consideration of Environmental Factors in
        Transportation Systems Planning. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA. Transportation
        Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005.
This report presents an approach for integrating environmental factors in systems level transportation planning
and decision making. The approach was based on a comprehensive assessment of state- and metropolitan-level
practices for addressing the environment in transportation planning.

   45. Atkins. Local transport plans – policy evaluation: Part 1 – Final Report. Report to the Department for
       Transport, London, March 2003.
       http://www.dft.gov.uk/stellent/groups/dft_localtrans/documents/page/dft_localtrans_022473.hcsp



                                                       16
A review of the first 5 year period of local transport plans including an examination of the role of targets and
performance indicators and the problems that a comparative lack of national guidance in the area brought to the
plans operating from 2001 to 2006.

    46. Balke, Kevin N, Charara, Hassan, Parker, Ricky. Development of a Traffic Signal Performance
        Measurement System (TSPMS). Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, Texas Department of
        Transportation, Austin, Federal Highway Administration, Washington DC, USA, 2005.
The purpose of this research was to examine the type of performance measures that could be collected at an
intersection and develop a system for automatically collecting these performance measures in the field.

    47. Barolsky,Rachael. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Planning Practice: A Peer
        Exchange. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, USA, 2005.
This report summarizes the results of a peer review on the use of performance measures to improve
transportation planning and its relationship to project programming. The one-day peer review focused on how
state departments of transportation (DOTs) are using performance measures to improve planning practices.
Representatives of 13 DOTs shared their approaches and discussed the successes and challenges experienced in
programming and planning. The agencies presented diverse approaches to performance measurement and
demonstrated that states can tailor the implementation of performance measures to their own particular
transportation context and needs.

    48. Bertini, R., A. El-Geneidy. Generating Transit Performance Measures with Archived Data. In
        Transportation Research Record 1841, Transportation Research Board, NW Washington, DC, 2003, pp.
        109-119.
This paper demonstrates the powerful ways that the data collected by the BDS can be converted into potentially
valuable Transit Performance Measures (TPMs). These TPMs have been proposed in the past but were not
implemented due to data limitations. It is envisioned that systematic use of TPMs can assist a transit agency in
improving the quality and reliability of its service, leading to improvements to customers and operators alike.


   49. Bremmer, D., K. C. Cotton, B. Hamilton. Emerging Performance Measurement Responses to Changing
       Political Pressures at State DOTs: A Practitioners’ Perspective. 84th TRB Annual Meeting.
       Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005
The paper first describes a “generational model” for conceptualizing the stages in performance measurement
development in transportation agencies. Next, the major pressures that drive performance measurement
development, and summarize the most pertinent responses uncovered by their research. The paper concludes
with recommendations for advancing the field and opportunities for further research

    50. Bremmer, D., K. C. Cotton, D. Cotey, C. E. Prestrud, G. Westby Measuring Congestion: Learning From
        Operational Data. TRB 2004.
        http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/accountability/peaktime/WSDOT_Measuring_congestion.pdf
        Accessed June 2005
The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), like other transportation agencies, has been
grappling with new approaches to using operational data to monitor and measure system performance. This
paper describes progress that the agency has made to date, and how this work ties into national efforts.
Continued work toward analyzing different types of congestion distinguishes between recurrent congestion
caused by inadequate capacity and non-recurrent congestion caused by incidents, inclement weather, and other
factors such as travel to and from major sporting events.

   51. Capers Jr., H.A., M.F. Tobin, R.C. Harris. Performance-Based Programming of Bridges in New Jersey.
       In Report E-C049, IBMC03-008, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, April 2003,
       http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec049.pdf
       Accessed: June 15, 2005
The objective of this paper was to develop a set of performance-based goals, objectives, and performance
measures and to devise alternative investment scenarios as programming tools for policy makers for the state‟s

                                                       17
bridges. In this way, the state developed its investment strategy for bridges by setting goals and objectives,
measurable performance measures, and benchmarks. With the state BMS serving as a tool to determine the
starting point and model various scenarios, a capital plan was developed that is currently driving state
investments and focusing decision makers on the needs of the system rather than on individual projects.

    52. Cowe-Falls, L. and R. Haas. Asset valuation methodologies and performance measurement in Life-Cycle
        Analysis, International Society For Asphalt Pavements, Ninth International Conference On Asphalt
        Pavements August 17 - 22, 2002. Proceedings. 2003. pp- (9 Refs.)
This paper is based on a highway asset valuation and performance indicators study carried out for the
Transportation Association of Canada. It describes the role of asset valuation in asset management, the available
methodologies and their applicability and the direct incorporation and reporting of asset value in the life cycle
analysis. The paper also describes the associated performance indicators related to the general, macro level,
service quality to users, functional effectiveness, preservation effectiveness and identifies the major issues and
requirements involved in the proper application or use of asset valuation in life cycle analysis.

   53. Crossett, J., and S. Oldham. A Framework for Measuring DOT Performance in Context Sensitive
       Solutions. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005
This paper discusses approaches for measuring DOTs‟ performance in using Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS).
The framework focuses on creating a set of measures that finds a balance between project-level and
organization-level issues, and between processes and outcomes.

    54. Dumbaugh, E. M. D. Meyer. Exploring the Relationship between Agency Performance Measures and
        Operations Investments in a Metropolitan Area. 82nd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research
        Board, Washington, DC, 2003
This paper seeks to determine whether the performance measures adopted by four transportation agencies in
Atlanta Georgia, as well as those recently espoused by its Chamber of Commerce, could lead decision makers
to adopt strategies aimed at enhancing system operations. This paper concludes that the performance measures
adopted by each of the agencies would at least permit the consideration of operational strategies.

    55. Emberger G., A. D. May, S. P. Shepherd, and A. Sumalee. Method to Identify Optimal Land Use and
        Transport Policy Packages, Proc. of the 9th TRB Conference on the Application of Transportation
        Planning Methods, Louisiana, USA. 2003
This paper reviews a technique for choosing the best combinations of policy options using strategic urban
transport models. Comparisons are made between traditional cost-benefit led approaches and approaches
constrained by target achievement.

    56. Eisele, William; Toycen, Casey. Identifying and Quantifying Operational and Safety Performance
        Measures for Access Management: Micro-Simulation Results. Texas Transportation Institute.
        Southwest Region University Transportation Center. Federal Highway Administration. 2005.
        http://trisonline.bts.gov/detail.cfm?ANNUMBER=01019175&STARTROW=21&CFID=3383768&CFT
        OKEN=44162850.
This research report summarizes the activities of a research project intended to identify and quantify appropriate
operational and safety performance measures that can be used for investigating access management treatments.
Specifically, the research assessed the state-of-the-practice relative to performance measures that are applicable
to access management and identify existing and/or new measures, performed micro-simulation using the
identified measures and developed guidance for applying the performance measures for evaluating roadway
improvements that include access management and incorporating them into the transportation planning process.

    57. Eisele, W.L., T.J. Lomax, B.J. Gregor, R.D. Arnold. Developing and Implementing Statewide
        Operations Performance Measures in the State of Oregon: Methodology and Application for Using
        HERS-ST and Archived Real-time Data. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board,
        Washington, DC, 2005
This paper describes the work performed by TTI and ODOT to develop the measures, test the methodology on
case study corridors and suggest additional analysis and data enhancements to improve the methods prior to

                                                        18
statewide implementation. This research effort identified numerous data elements that could be further analyzed
with sensitivity analysis, inventoried, calibrated, and/or quality controlled to fine-tune the methodology output.

   58. Falcocchio, J.C. Performance Measures For Evaluating Transportation Systems: A Stakeholder
       Perspective. 83rd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004
This paper provides a conceptual discussion on the use of performance measures in transportation: the key
aspects of performance measurement, recommendations for a framework for the application of performance
measures, and highlights some of the major issues that need to be resolved in implementing performance
measures for decision-making.

    59. Falls, L., R. Jurgens. A Review of the Alberta Performance Measures. Transportation Association of
        Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
        http://www.tac-atc.ca/english/pdf/conf2003/jurgens.pd
        Accessed June 2005
This paper describes the analysis of, and modification, to the condition performance measure in attempt to
address the criteria of relevancy and sensitivity. The methodology used in the analysis can serve as a template to
other agencies facing a similar problem and /or to agencies in the process of defining a relevant, repeatable,
robust, and responsive performance measure.

    60. Falls, L.C., R. Jurgens. Four R’s of Performance Measurement: the Alberta Case Study. 83rd TRB
        Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004
This paper describes the analysis of, and modification to, the condition performance measure in attempt to
address the criteria of relevancy and sensitivity. The methodology used in the analysis can serve as a template to
other agencies facing a similar problem and /or to agencies in the process of defining a relevant, repeatable,
robust, and responsive performance measures.

    61. FHWA Asset Management Position Paper. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/asstmgmt/ampp.htm.
        Accessed December 2004.
The purpose of this project is to create a coordinated agency wide asset management strategy by: increasing the
understanding and support for asset management throughout FHWA, identifying the relationship of asset
management principles to key program offices, identifying ways to leverage resources and develop
collaborative efforts supporting asset management; and developing a coordinated action agenda to provide
support for implementing asset management with state DOTs and other partners.

    62. Florida‟s Mobility Performance Measures Program.
        http://www.dot.state.fl.us/planning/statistics/mobilitymeasures/default.htm. Accessed December 2004.
This paper studies mobility. By measuring the performance of mobility, we can better understand how to
improve it. The measures may be applied statewide, in an area-wide analysis (e.g., the 7 largest counties
together), or by functional system (e.g., Florida Intrastate Highway System (FIHS)).

    63. Glaze, R., Y. Llort, G. Laidlaw , and T. Wang. Evaluation of Transport Performance Measures for
        Cities. In Journal Routes/Roads 319, World Road Association, France, July 2003, pp.5-12.
This paper studies the increasing awareness of linkages between transport and other public policy domains:
safety, the environment, the economy, social equity and mobility. Ideally, transport objectives reflect those
linkages and are measurable so that transport performance can be evaluated to achieve city, regional and
national policy goals. The report presents the results of a survey on the alignment between these goals, and
conclusions and recommendations.

    64. Guttenplan, M., B. Davis, R. Steiner, D. Miller. Planning-Level Area Wide Multimodal Level-of-Service
        Analysis: Performance Measures for Congestion Management. In Transportation Research Record
        1858, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003, pp.61-68.
This paper is an evaluation of districts, utilizing both land use analysis and the recently adopted multimodal
level of service performance measures. Focusing on the level of service performance measures, several case
studies were undertaken. The guidelines provide local governments with a template for enhancing existing and

                                                       19
new development. These guidelines also provide a blueprint for sustainable growth and the promotion and
development of livable communities through the integration of transportation, land use, and urban design.

    65. Hansen, M., and C. McAndrews. Challenges of Measuring the Performance of FAA’s Safety Oversight
        System. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005
In this paper we discuss the background and motivation for oversight evaluation in the aviation industry and
more generally. We next discuss the challenges, some generic and some unique, to evaluating aviation safety
oversight activities. We also present research on how safety oversight evaluation is conducted outside of
aviation.

    66. House of Commons. On Target? Government by Measurement Fifth Report, House of Commons Public
        Administration Select Committee, Sixth Report of Session 2002-03, HC62-1, The Stationary Office.
        2003
        http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm200203/cmselect/cmpubadm/62/62.pdf
The House of Commons Public Administration Committee examined the benefits and difficulties surrounding
the general UK drive to manage government departments using top-level performance measures. This report
contains the UK governments‟ response to the main recommendations made.
    67. Humphreys, I. and J. Fry. Performance Measurement In Airports: A Critical International Comparison.
        Public Works Management & Policy. 2002/04. 6(4) pp264-275
This paper reviews current practice in the performance measurement of airports and identifies some of the
shortcomings of common airport performance measurement practices. The problem of discrepancies in the
definition of key variables is also considered.

    68. Ishak, S., Deriving Traffic-Performance Measures and Levels of Service from Second-Order Statistical
        Features of Spatio-temporal Traffic Contour Maps. In Transportation Research Record 1858.
        Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003, 148-157.
This research study presents a new set of second-order statistical measures that are derived from texture
characterization techniques in the field of digital image analysis. The main objective of the study is to improve
the data analysis tools used in performance monitoring systems and assessment of level of service.

    69. Kong, J.S., D.M. Frangpol. System Reliability Modeling in Bridge Management. In Report E-C049,
         IBMC03-008, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, April 2003,
         http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec049.pdf
         Accessed: June 15, 2005
This paper addressed the uncertainties associated with mechanical and environmental bridge loadings and with
bridges. It discusses the satisfactory bridge performances in terms of a probabilistic measure of assurance, and
also, uncertainties associated with future maintenance. A framework was developed for modeling system
reliability in bridge management, which is applicable to both individual bridges and bridge groups.

    70. Lee, H-S., and M-T. Chou. A New Performance Ranking method for Ports Based on Data Envelopment
        Analysis. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005
This article presents an approach for port ranking based on data envelopment analysis (DEA) which is a non-
parametric technique for measuring and evaluating the relative efficiency of a set of decision-making units
(DMUs) in terms of a set of common input and output. The DEA technique is useful in resolving the port
efficiency, handling more than one output and does not require an explicit a priori determination of
relationships between output and input. With this approach, a port can be evaluated more objectively in a multi-
facet manner.

     71. Littman, T. Rail Transit Impacts on Transportation System Performance. 84th TRB Annual Meeting.
         Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005
This paper summarizes research on the effects of rail transit on transportation system performance in major U.S.
cities. It summarizes results from the study Rail Transit In America: Comprehensive Evaluation of Benefits,
which evaluates rail transit benefits based on comparison of transportation system performance in major U.S.

                                                       20
cities. It finds that cities with larger, well-established rail systems have significantly higher per capita transit
ridership, lower average per capita vehicle ownership and mileage, less traffic congestion, lower traffic death
rates and lower consumer transportation expenditures than otherwise comparable cities.

    72. Mattingly, S.P., P.T. Vo, I. Rasmidatta, and J.C. Williams. Assessing the Performance of a Statewide
         Multimodal Transportation System. 84th TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board,
         Washington, DC, 2005
This paper recommends and applies a baseline multimodal (highways, railways, airports, waterways/ports and
pipelines) statewide system performance strategy to the State of Texas transportation system. The Texas
Department of Transportation (TxDOT) does not have an existing performance measurement system, and the
performance measures that it currently uses primarily address highway transport. Rather than the actual results
of this analysis, this paper emphasizes the data needs and application of the proposed performance measures.

    73. Marsden, G. and P. Bonsall. Performance targets in transport policy, Forthcoming in Transport Policy.
        2005
This paper discusses the different ways of target setting (broadly classified as model-led, data-led or
aspirational) and discusses the practicalities of each using the UK National Transport Plan of 2000 as a case
study. Several advantages and disadvantages of management by targets are discussed.

   74. Marsden, G. U.K. Moves Toward Transportation Funding Based on Performance, The Urban
        Transportation Monitor, 19 (3), 3, February 18th. 2005
A summary of developments in the UK local transport planning system whereby each local authority‟s annual
capital settlement will be adjusted by up to 25% according to performance against targets.

    75. Medley, S., M. Demetsky. Development of Congestion Performance Measures Using ITS Information.
        In Report FHWA/VTRC 03-R1, Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, January
        2003. http://cts.virginia.edu/docs/UVACTS-5-0-9.pdf. Accessed June 2005
The objectives of this study were to define a performance measure(s) that could be used to show congestion
levels on critical corridors throughout Virginia and to develop a method to select and calculate performance
measures to quantify congestion in a transportation system. Such measures could provide benchmarks or base
values of congestion to aid in measuring changes in the performance of the highway system. This research
provides information on the changing state of congestion on selected corridors throughout Virginia, and can
help establish a benchmark for traveler delay on Virginia‟s roadways.

    76. Meyer, M.D. Use of Performance Measures for Surface Transportation in Different Institutional and
        Cultural Contexts: The Case of Australia, Japan and New Zealand. 84th TRB Annual Meeting.
        Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005
This paper examines the use of performance measures in three countries - two states in Australia, Japan and
New Zealand. The organizational context for the use of performance measures, the identification of key
performance measures, and observations on interesting aspects of the performance-based planning approach
used are discussed for each case. Attention is given in particular to performance measures relating to congestion
and freight movement. The paper concludes by noting common characteristics of each case, such as the
distinction between outcomes and outputs, the importance of data collection capability, and the use of
performance measures as a way of integrating decision making within an organization.

    77. Meyer, M., R. Schuman. Transportation Performance Measures and Data. In ITE Journal Volume:72
        Issue:11, Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, DC, November 2002, pp. 48-49.
This paper discussed the management and operations for transportation systems with a focus on improving
performance. The challenge to the professional transportation community is that these improvements are often
not incorporated as a serious component of state and metropolitan visions for the future of our nation‟s
transportation systems.




                                                          21
     78. Minnesota Department of Transportation. Minnesota Statewide Highway Systems Operation Plan.
         Minnesota Department of Transportation. Saint Paul, Minnesota. April 2005.
         http://www.oim.dot.state.mn.us/Final-HSOP.pdf . Accessed January 2006.
This plan has been prepared to support strategic directions and transportation polices and to provide a
framework for managing key maintenance activities throughout Minnesota. This operations plan is a significant
first step to assessing the challenges of preserving and maintaining the State‟s transportation infrastructure at a
time when the competition for resources is intense and the need for services is increasing in parallel with
population and economic growth.

    79. Murray, D., B. Lambert. Developing Real-Time Performance Measures in Freight Significant
        Corridors. ITS America, Washington, DC, 2004.
        http://www.uppermidwestfreight.org/resources/Truck_Performance-FHWA.doc
        Accessed June 2005
This project identifies significant freight corridors, appropriate measures to reflect carrier/system performance
and the relevant technology-based data collection mechanisms. The activities then focused on the development
and testing of a beta system for collecting and tabulating the recommended measures along six pre-determined
corridors. The preliminary results indicated that freight performance measures could be developed and tracked,
and that several important transportation planning objectives would benefit from an operational system.

    80. Namanishi, Y., K. Kim, Y. Ulusoy, A. Bata. Assessing Emergency Preparedness Of Transit Agencies: A
        Focus On Performance Indicators. 82nd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board,
        Washington, DC, 2003
This project proposes the development of performance indicators, which measure the achievement of
emergency preparedness goals and policies of a transit agency. An emergency preparedness assessment
flowchart incorporating performance indicators is developed and presented. Overall, emergency preparedness
indicators and sample performance indicators for each component are presented. In addition, the use of cost-
benefit analysis is suggested to facilitate investment decisions by agency management and to integrate security-
related investment decisions into mainstream management and planning.

   81. Performance Improvement Practices. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
       RO#:50.10.00.B1480. http://www4.nationalacademies.org/pga/rap.nsf/ByTitle/50.10.00.B1480.
       Accessed January 2005.

    82. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Planning Practice: A Peer Exchange. TRB 2005.
        http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec073.pdf
        Accessed June 2005
This paper presented by TRB Transportation Research Circular E-C073 focuses on the results of a peer review
on the use of performance measures to improve transportation planning and its relationship to project
programming and on how state departments of transportation are using performance measures to improve
planning practices.

    83. Poister, T.H., D.L. Margolis, D.E. Zimmerman. Strategic Management at PennDOT: A Results Driven
        Approach. 83rd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004
This project describes asset preservation and its rehabilitation and maintenance of roadway and roadside
infrastructure. Traditional asset preservation specifies what materials are used and what maintenance techniques
and methods are followed by the contractor. In performance-based asset preservation, the desired outcome is
specified rather than the material or method. In other words, the contractor is instructed what to achieve, not
how to achieve it. This demonstration project has now passed the half-way point. This paper shares the results
of the project to date, as well as some of the many valuable lessons that have been learned along the way.

   84. Reiff, Bud; Gregor, Brian. Transportation Planning Performance Measures. Report FHWA-OR-RD-
       06-08. Oregon Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. 2005.
       http://trisonline.bts.gov/detail.cfm?ANNUMBER=01018760&STARTROW=11&CFID=3383768&CFT
       OKEN=44162850.

                                                        22
Oregon transportation plans and current regional transportation plans contain some policy areas that are not
adequately addressed by performance measures. These include policies related to the following: balance and
adaptability; economic vitality; safety and security; environmental justice; land use compatibility; and quality of
life. This research, while acknowledging the importance of assessing current system performance, focuses on
performance measures that can also employ model forecast data for evaluating future plan alternatives. To
address some of the deficiencies and to better address other plan policies, this research developed and tested six
performance measures.

    85. Research and the Government Performance and Results Act. Project Identification Number: CSEP-Q-
        98-01-A. http://www4.nas.edu/webcr.nsf/ProjectScopeDisplay/CSEP-Q-98-01-A. Accessed January
        2005.
The Government Performance and Results Act ("the Results Act") requires all agencies to set goals and to use
performance measures for management and budgeting in order to encourage greater efficiency, effectiveness,
and accountability in federal programs and spending.
This paper works to develop mechanisms to evaluate the actual impact of implementation of the Government
Performance and Results Act on agency programmatic decisions and on the practices of research, identify
lessons learned from implementation, identify best practices that could be used by other agencies or programs,
and determine the most effective way for Congress and OMB to use the results of these plans. It will test out
those mechanisms to the extent feasible during this timeframe.

    86. Robinson, M., E. Raynault, S. Rennie, E.A. Sheldahl. Performance-Based Contract Maintenance in the
        District of Columbia – Results and Lessons Learned at the Half-Way Point. 83rd TRB Annual Meeting.
        Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004
This paper shares the result of asset preservation and involves the rehabilitation and maintenance of roadway
and roadside infrastructure. Traditional asset preservation specifies what materials are used and what
maintenance techniques and methods are followed by the contractor. In performance-based asset preservation,
the desired outcome is specified rather than the material or method. In other words, the contractor is instructed
what to achieve, not how to achieve it. This demonstration project has now passed the half-way point.

    87. Rodriguez, A. and F. Bijotat. Performance Measurement, Strategic Planning, And Performance-Based
        Budgeting In Illinois Local And Regional Public Airports. Public Works Management & Policy.
        2003/10. 8(2) pp132-145
This study focuses on the extent to which regional and local airports in Illinois use performance measures and
strategic planning, and whether performance measures and strategic planning are integrated into a performance-
based budgeting system. The performance measures that are used are actually directly linked to mostly general
airport operations. Budget allocations are not based on performance, nor is budgeting linked to strategic plans or
performance measurement. Despite these findings, the managers showed concern and increased awareness of
the performance measurement possibilities and tools that airport managers can use.
   88. Schneider, N., D. P. Cottrell. Using Performance Measures to Effect Safety Improvements: A Case Study
       from The New York State Comprehensive Bus Safety Inspection Program. University of Tennessee,
       Knoxville, April 2002.

    89. Shammout, K., L. Englisher, and J. Conklin. An Approach to Monitoring Performance Measures of
        Transit Intelligent Transportation Systems. American Public Transportation Association, Washington,
        DC, 2004.
An approach to monitoring performance measures of transit intelligent transportation systems
Publisher APTA - American Public Transportation Association Conference
2004 Bus & Paratransit Conference & Bus Rapid Transit Conference Track
D - Technology/Maintenance Safety & Security
Publication Date May 2004
Format Type Proceedings Paper
Location Information Center


                                                        23
    90. Sinha, Kumares; Labi, Samuel; Rodriguez, Marcela; Shah, Hardik. A Performance-Based Approach for
        Estimating Bridge Preservation Funding Needs. Transportation Research Board 85th Annual Meeting.
        Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C. 2006.
        http://trisonline.bts.gov/detail.cfm?ANNUMBER=01020418&STARTROW=1&CFID=3383768&CFT
        OKEN=44162850.
Given the non-uniform nature of bridge construction activity over decades, future years will be characterized by
intensive preservation activity at certain years and relatively little activity at others. Such year-to-year
fluctuations in bridge needs cannot be reliably identified using projections based on historical spending. Also,
the historical spending-based approach for needs assessment suffers from issues such as temporal changes in
inventory size or existing performance standards, difficulty of accounting for the effect of new performance
measures on funding needs, and influence from other considerations besides engineering need.

   91. Sivakumar, B., C. Minervino, and W. Edberg. New Bridge Performance Measures for Prioritizing
        Bridges. In Report E-C049, IBMC03-008, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, April 2003,
        pp. 348-360. http://trb.org/publications/circulars/ec049.pdf. Accessed: June 15, 2005
This paper describes the need to improve bridge performance. Most states have begun implementing bridge
management systems that require collection of element-level condition data that are more detailed than National
Bridge Inventory (NBI) condition ratings. Hence, there is a need for new bridge performance measures that
provide performance information that is more specific than that of the SR. Task 97 of NCHRP Project 20-07
was initiated by AASHTO in 1998 to develop new bridge performance measures

    92. Sousa, P., E.J. Miller. A Performance-Driven Transit Funding Model. 84th TRB Annual Meeting.
        Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2005
This paper presents a new funding model for urban transit systems. It is "performance-driven" in that it
captures the performance of transit systems in attracting riders in a cost-effective manner, as well as recognizes
that transit system funding needs vary with transit system scale of operations. It also allocates funding on a
weighted per capita basis, thereby addressing equity concerns. Recent data for Canadian transit systems are
used to illustrate the application of this funding model to real-world operations.

    93. Strategic Performance Measures for State Departments of Transportation. A Handbook for CEOs and
        Executives. TransTech Management, Incorporated. http://downloads.transportation.org/Quality-
        CEOHandbook.pdf. Accessed December 2004.
A paper guides CEOs and senior managers in state DOTs to develop strategic performance measures. Strategic
performance measures link together strategic planning and performance measurement to translate organizational
vision into a small group of measurable, meaningful, and accurate performance measures. Strategic
performance measurement can be the catalyst for energizing strategic management efforts, maintaining focus,
and enabling organizational change. The four key building blocks for establishing a strategic performance
measurement program and reaping these benefits are: basic principles, criteria for measure selection, the choice
of individual measures, and an implementation framework.

    94. Thompson, G. Anti-Icing and Material Distribution Performance Measures for Achieving Level of
        Service through Mobile Data Collection. In Report E-C063, SNOW04-004, Transportation Research
        Board, Washington, DC, June 2004, pp. 503-515.
        http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/circulars/ec063.pdf
        Accessed: June 15, 2005
This paper is about how the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (DOT/PF) and
ThomTech Design, Inc., sought to determine the effectiveness of the material distribution methods employed
during the snow and ice removal process in the Juneau, Alaska, area. The partners intended to develop
particular performance measurements using a variety of in-vehicle sensors and post material distribution
techniques that are subjective and objective in nature.
   95. TMCPFS. TMC Performance Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting Handbook.
       http://tmcpfs.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/cfprojects/new_detail.cfm?id=62&new=0. Accessed: January 17, 2006


                                                        24
The purpose of this project is to achieve improved TMC performance monitoring, data management, evaluation
and reporting practice, which will in turn, foster improved planning, design and performance management of
TMC's.

    96. Tsekeris, T., A. Skabardonis. On-Line Performance Measurement Models For Urban Arterial Networks.
        83rd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004
This paper addresses the problem of real-time estimation of urban arterial network performance. A number of
analytical time-dependent models have been formulated and implemented for the on-line estimation of arterial
link and system travel times. The proposed models provide alternative ways of incorporating the contribution of
various network and operational characteristics to the travel time. The models were tested on several real-life
networks representing a wide range of configurations, demand patterns and control features. The results indicate
that simple models appear promising in accurate measurement of link travel times. More complex models
accounting for the randomness of delays at intersections improve the network-wide travel time estimates at the
expense of data requirements and computational efficiency.

    97. Turnbull, K. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Systems. Summary of the Second
        National Conference. Conference Proceedings 36. Texas Transportation Institute. Transportation
        Research Board. Beckman Center. Irvine, California. August 22-24, 2004.
The purpose of the conference was to explore the implementation and use of performance measures and to
discuss how to monitor the impact of performance measures on the delivery and quality of transportation
services.

    98. Turnbull, K. Planning the Road Ahead with Market Research: Transportation Agencies Stay in Gear
        with Customers, Resources, and Performance Measures. In Journal TR News 230, Transportation
        Research Board, Washington, DC, January 2004, pp. 10-16.
State transportation agencies are employing market research techniques to understand public perceptions of
products and services, to enhance performance monitoring and accountability, and to match services with
available resources. Here are pointers and models form some successful initiatives.

    99. Turner, S., T. Lomax, R. Margiotta, and V. Pearce. FHWA's Mobility Monitoring Program:
        Transforming Gigabytes of Archived Operations Data into Mobility and Reliability Performance
        Measures. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, DC, 2002.
This paper summarizes the first-year results of the Mobility Monitoring Program, a performance monitoring
application sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration. Archived operations data from 10 cities were
used to develop mobility and reliability performance measure reports. Several mobility and reliability measures
were calculated – all are based on travel time concepts. These measures examine the level of travel delay and
mobility, as well as the variation in travel conditions (i.e., reliability) within the day and from day-to-day
throughout the year

    100.         Vandervalk, A. Mobility Performance Measures: State Perspective. Institute of Transportation
        Engineers, Washington, DC, 2002.
This paper will discuss examples of several states where mobility measures have been employed and are linked
to the state‟s planning programs. The types of measures will be discussed and the technical issues related to data
collection and analytical requirements will also be explored. Finally, the policy implications and connections to
planning processes will be examined.

    101.       Venner, M. Measuring Environmental Performance at State Transportation Agencies. 82nd TRB
       Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003
This paper reviews challenges associated with environmental performance measures and the roles of
performance measurement in the environmental area, highlighting the key role of stakeholder satisfaction. The
paper examines some of the attempts to measure environmental performance at state transportation agencies
around the country, the different areas of focus, and actual environmental performance measures in use.



                                                       25
    102.       Wang, H., M. Jin, N. Rana. A New Performance Measure System for Intermodal Transportation.
        83rd TRB Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2004
This paper establishes a user-oriented, scalable, systematic and scientific performance measurement system for
intermodal transportation. It gives a broad picture of system level performance measures. Our proposed
measures can be used to compare design alternatives with different involved modes during design process. They
can also be used to evaluate an existing transportation system no matter how large it is and what kind of modes
are involved.

    103.       WSDOT‟s Quarterly Performance Report.
       http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/accountability/GrayNotebook.pdf.
       Accessed December 2004.
The Washington State DOT‟s quarterly report on agency performance and accountability measures called
„Measures, Markers and Mileposts‟ is also referred to as the Gray Notebook. It has a variety of information for
review by the Transportation Commission and others.

    104.       Yew, Connie. U.K.-U.S.-Japan Workshop on Performance Measurement. Federal Highway
       Administration. Tokyo, Japan. November 16, 2005. Session 1:
       http://knowledge.fhwa.dot.gov/cops/pm.nsf/All+Documents/4FA4E621F0156B9D852570D50054CB4
       A/$FILE/Tri-WorkShop%20Schedule-Session1.pdf. Session 2 (Part 1):
       http://knowledge.fhwa.dot.gov/cops/pm.nsf/All+Documents/32F8E7A910097FEF852570D5005523FC/
       $FILE/0_Tri-WorkShop%20Schedule-Session2.1.ppt. Session 2 (Part 2):
       http://knowledge.fhwa.dot.gov/cops/pm.nsf/All+Documents/144071ADFBCA97BE852570D5005A0F2
       2/$FILE/Tri-WorkShop%20Schedule-Session2.2.pdf. Open Seminar:
       http://knowledge.fhwa.dot.gov/cops/pm.nsf/All+Documents/7D022C21D27DB6DB852570D500616CB
       4/$FILE/Tri-National%20Workship_Open%20Seminar.pdf. Accessed January 2006.
The objectives of this one-day workshop were to exchange practices, ideas and information on how
performance measurement and management are applied by the United Kingdom, United States and Japanese
transportation organizations and authorities.

    105.        Zietsman, J., L. R. Rilett. Sustainable Transportation: Conceptualization and Performance
        Measures. In Report SWUTC/02/167403-1, Southwest Region University Transportation Center, Texas
        A&M University, College Station, March 2002.
This study includes a comprehensive definition for sustainable transportation as well as a framework on how to
identify, quantify, and use performance measures for sustainable transportation in the transportation planning
process. The proposed framework was applied to a test bed, comprising two freeway corridors in Houston,
Texas. The performance measures that were quantified on disaggregate levels were compared to measures that
were quantified with traditional aggregate data sets. It was found that the traditional approach is much less
accurate due to a loss of detail and the effect of aggregation bias. It was illustrated that the performance
measures based on disaggregate data can potentially provide different results as compared to aggregate
approaches.

    106.       Zietsman, J., L. Rilett, and S. Kim. Sustainable Transportation Performance Measures for
        Developing Communities. In Report SWUTC/03/167128-1, Texas Transportation Institute, The Texas
        A&M University System, College Station, October 2003.
This study addressed the underlying concepts of sustainable transportation for two test beds. The first is the
Mabopane Centurion Development Corridor (MCDC) located in a developing nation (South Africa), the other
one is the Houston corridor located in a developed nation (United States of America). An index for sustainable
transportation was developed that is based on the multi-attribute utility theory (MAUT) technique. Various
models were used to quantify the selected performance measures at both the aggregate (groups of vehicles) and
disaggregate (individual vehicle) levels. These measures were then used to determine the index values for the
individual links and the corridors as a whole.
   107.     Zietsman, J., S. Kim, L. R. Rilett. Application of Sustainable Transportation Performance
      Measures. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.

                                                       26
This paper presents a detailed description of how to identify, quantify, and apply sustainable transportation
performance measures. This document describes how to identify appropriate performance measures for
sustainable transportation. This paper also illustrates how a traffic simulation model (CORSIM) and a
transportation environmental model can quantify these measures. Finally, the paper presents a discussion on
how to use the quantified measures to develop an index for sustainable transportation in the transportation
decision-making process.


Pre-2002

    108.        Breen, J. Road safety strategies and targets in Europe. (European Transport Safety Council).
        Proceedings Of ROSPA 64TH Road Safety Congress Held 1-3 MARCH 1999. Ashford International,
        Kent. 1999. 14p
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) is a non-governmental organization (NGO), based at Brussels
and funded by the European Commission and other bodies. The ETSC promotes the need for adopting a road
accident fatality reduction target in the European Union (EU) and targeted programs at other levels. This paper
outlines target setting in EU countries, and some other ETSC, EU, and national road safety initiatives.
     109.        Denmark, D. Performance Measurement In Community Transport Setting The Pace. 8th
         International Conference On Transport And Mobility For Elderly And Disabled People, Perth, Western
         Australia, September 1998. Volume 2. 1998. pp473-8
This paper concerns the use of performance measurement on community transport services, in particular that
based on quality outcomes for passengers. Measuring service quality in terms of outcome is difficult to achieve
as it is a subjective concept. Accepted criteria for selecting indicators include consistency with objectives, ease
of data collection, conciseness of measures and measurability of data.

    110.        Elvik, R. Setting goals - effective road safety target setting. Proceedings Of Best In Europe 2000
         Road Safety Conference Held 12 September 2000. Brussels. 2000. pp10-8
The efficacy of targets for the reduction of road accident fatalities was investigated, in this paper, using data
from 11 countries with targets compared with similar countries without targets. The data were analyzed using
fixed effects and random effects models. Ambitious targets and long-term targets increased safety performance
more than small targets and short-term targets, respectively. National government targets were more effective
than local government targets. There was no relationship between how ambitious a target was and the likelihood
that it would be fulfilled. The majority of targets had not been achieved.

    111.        National Audit Office. Measuring the Performance of Government Departments, National Audit
        Office, HC 301, Session 2000-2001, The Stationary Office.
        http://www.nao.org.uk/publications/nao_reports/00-01/0001301.pdf
The National Audit Office provides independent scrutiny of government expenditure. In this case, it examined
the impacts of targets on expenditure decisions. It also looked elsewhere in the world to examine the extent to
which the UK could learn from elsewhere. Although not specific to transport there is a section on transport and
the findings are of general interest.

    112.        PIARC. Development Of Tools For Performance Measurement. Final report. (Developpement
        d'outils de mesure de la performance. Rapport final.) SO: PIARC 1.115.02.B-19989. 1998. 91p
This report analyses the development of performance measuring tools. Its sections cover the role of
performance indicators in a road program conceptual model, examining, analyzing, and comparing existing
performance indicators, elaboration of the indicators' framework, determining the data to be collected,
feasibility study of the comparative analysis from the international and regional viewpoints and, finally,
recommendations for implementation.
   113.     Stuart, D.G. Goal-Setting And Performance Measurement In Transportation Planning And
      Programming. Journal of Public Transportation. 1997/03. 1(2) pp49-72


                                                        27
A series of examples from highway planning, transit planning, and multimodal planning/programming is
reviewed. The role of more systematic application of transportation goals and objectives and associated
performance measures is explored. The need to connect with the overall planning/management structure of an
agency is stressed. Distinctions are made between process-oriented and product-oriented goals, contrasting
internal administrative measures with output or performance-oriented measures. Several multimodal planning
studies are further contrasted with regard to their extent of employing product-oriented performance measures.

    114.       Transportation Research Board. Performance Measures to Improve Transportation Systems and
       Agency Operations. Conference Proceedings 26. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C. 2001.
       http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/conf/reports/cp_26.pdf.
This Conference on performance measures is designed to develop and use the performance measures to guide
investment decisions at all levels of government. Several factors have encouraged this trend toward using
performance measures in transportation planning and programming.

    115.         Turner, D., M. Dix, K. Gardner, and S. Beevers. Setting traffic reduction targets for London.
         Traffic Engineering And Control. 1999/04. 40(4) pp186-94
In this article the issues that were considered when setting the need-based traffic reduction targets are discussed
together with the mechanisms that are available to achieve such traffic reductions and how a conceptual traffic
reduction strategy could be implemented. In addition, the authors put forward an evaluation framework that can
be used by local authorities in assessing the performance of particular traffic reduction initiatives and reviews
the key issues that need to be addressed in monitoring the performance of any adopted measures.

    116.       Wegman, F.C.M. Statistical Assessment And Targets: Contribution To PIARC World Road
       Congress. (19TH), Ad Hoc Group IV: Road Safety. Held In Marrakesh, Morocco On September 22-28,
       1991.
The intention of this paper is to ensure that road safety will be assigned a more prominent place in the decision
making process over a period of years. Indicator values can be considered here as a means of making the
concept of road safety operational. Knowledge is needed to formulate acceptable and realistic goals. It is
recommended to set absolute targets based on knowledge about ratio goal-setting. Road safety data must be of
adequate quality and of constant quality in time in order to offer a basis for policy, particularly when one is
working with a quantitative task.




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