The Puritan Tradition

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					The Puritan Tradition

 Between Heaven and Hell
       North America: 1630
 The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named
  for the Massachuset tribe of Native
  Americans.
 About 1000 Puritans established the
  Massachusetts Bay Colony.
       Massachuset‟s Tribal Attire

Once a great
tribe in New
England, the
Massachuset
lost their cultural
identity when
colonists
converted them
to Christianity.
North America: 1682
    Quakers led by William Penn
     begin living in peace with
     Native Americans in
     Pennsylvania.
    Quakers voice opposition to
     slavery in 1688.
    Within 5 years, 12,000 people
     had moved to Pennsylvania.
           Salem Witch Trials
 Witchcraft trials take place in Salem,
  Massachusetts in 1692.
 Between February 1692 and May 1693 were a
  series of county court trials to prosecute people
  accused of witchcraft in colonial Massechusetts.
 Over 150 people were arrested and imprisoned,
  with even more accused who were not formally
  pursued by the authorities.
           Salem Witch Trials
 The two courts convicted
  twenty-nine people of the
  capital felony of witchcraft.
 Nineteen of the accused,
  fourteen women and five
  men, were hanged.
Salem Witch Trials
        One man who refused
         to enter a plea was
         crushed to death
         under heavy stones in
         an attempt to force
         him to do so.
        At least five more of
         the accused died in
         prison.
              –   (Video)
        North America: 1763
 British defeat French in French and Indian
  War, and claim land east of Mississippi
  River, including Canada.
 In 1765, British Parliament passed the
  Stamp Act which levied tax on colonies to
  help pay off British debts.
         North America: 1773
 1773 brought the Boston Tea Party, a
  protest on the new British tax on tea.
             (Video)
        North America: 1775
 “Shot heard around the world” is fired on
  Lexington Green in Massachusetts, starting
  the Revolutionary War.
 In 1781, the British surrender to General
  George Washington, ending the
  Revolutionary War.
 1789: George Washington is elected the first
  president of the United States.
           Puritan Literature
 Puritan literature is often stereotyped as
  overly pious, gloomy, and unimaginative.
 Notable achievements of Puritans are John
  Milton‟s Paradise Lost and Anne
  Bradstreet‟s sensitive lyrics.
 Puritans cultivated a straight-forward prose
  style.
            Puritan Sociology
 Envisioned their society as a Christian
  „commonwealth” in which each person put the
  good of the group ahead of personal concerns.
 They established a strict moral code that provided
  a sense of common mission and cultural cohesion.
 Education was highly valued as a way to fight
  atheism and to instill in children the value of hard
  work.
  – How does this compare with the Native American
    trickster tales?
            Puritan Religion
 Puritans often focused on other Christians in
  their efforts to root out the devil.
 Quakers and other dissenters received
  harsh punishments, including execution, for
  their beliefs.
          Puritan Government
 Many variations of John Winthrop‟s “city of God”
  experiment were tried in the colonies.
 The Puritans were among a number of groups
  who had come to America fleeing religious
  persecution.
 Most colonies had some form of religion supported
  by the government in the revolutionary period.
 Massachusetts retained a limited version of
  Protestant government until well into the 1800s,
  despite the Constitution‟s restriction on the
  establishment of religion.
            Puritan Beliefs
1. Human beings are inherently evil and so
   must struggle to overcome their sinful
   nature.
2. Personal salvation depends solely on the
   grace of God, not on individual effort.
3. The Bible is the supreme authority on
   earth.
  Puritan Influence on Literature
 Nathaniel Hawthorne had an ancestor who had
  been a presiding judge during the Salem Witch
  Trials. His novel, The Scarlet Letter, was set in
  Puritan times along with many of his short stories.
 In the 1950s, the playwright Arthur Miller
  dramatized the Salem witchcraft trials in The
  Crucible.
 Miller‟s drama not only personalizes the events of
  Salem but also warns against similar injustices in
  our own time.

				
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