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					                                               FORM-F

             COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH
                        Human Resource Development Group
                             (Extra Mural Resear ch Division)
                                      CSIR Complex
                       Libr ar y Avenue, PUSA, New Delhi 110012

          PROFORMA FO R PREPARING FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT
(Ten copies of the report must be submitted immediately after completion of the research cheme)

1. Title of the Scheme:
"Shielding Parameters of Nuclei: Facilities           Scheme No: 01(1767)/02/EMR-II
for the Experimental Determination and                Date of
Calculation by Theoretical Procedures- To
                                                      Commencement:        01/01/2002
Obtain Information on Crystal Structures
and Molecular Electronic Structures"                  Date of termination: 31/12/2004

2. Name and Address of the principal Investigator:
Dr.S.Aravamudhan, Department of Chemistry, North Eastern Hill University, PO
NEHU Campus, Mawkynroh Umshing, SHILLONG 793022, Meghalaya

                                                                   Collaborative Effort with the
3. Name of Sponsoring Laboratory (if applicable)                   National Chemical Laboratory,
                                                                   PUNE
4. Total grant sanctioned and expenditure during the entire tenure

                                     Amount Sanctioned (Rs.)                  Expenditure (Rs.)
Staff                                     1,20,000/-                                 ---
Contingency                                 18,750/-                               38,190/-
Equipment                                 4,00,000/-                             4,70,342/-
Total                                     5,38,750/-                             5,08,532/-

5. Equipments purchased out of CSIR grant

                  Name                                                    Cost
“MAS Probe Body for AC 200 NMR                                        INR 4,05,428/-
Spectrometer” (import item)                             (CHF 10,850: @ 1 CHF=Rs. 37.50 as on 23-07-04)
Airport Rent & Custom Clearance by                                       Rs. 64,914/-
Authorized Clearing Agent

6. Research fellows associated with Scheme

   Name & Designation                  Date of Joining                  Date of Leaving
       --NONE--                           --N.A--                          --N.A.--
       --NONE--                           --N.A--                          --N.A.--
FTR item-7
No staff was appointed in this Scheme and hence no Ph.D.’s or any other degree was under
this project for carrying out research work.


FTR item-8
Since this Project objectives were mostly construction and assembly of NMR Probe
accessory nothing would particularly be mentioned as Research Publication.

                      However during the Three year TERM of this Scheme, the PI
             continued the efforts on the Induced Field calculations relatable to the
             Shielding of Nuclei in an environment of electron-charge-cloud circulations.
             Enclosed herewith is a copy of one of a manuscript accepted for publication in
             Indian Journal of Physics. Till now, in such manuscripts no specific
             acknowledgement could be included for the funds received from CSIR. But the
             author is convinced now that at a later stage acknowledgements would have to
             be included for the efforts made during the term of this CSIR scheme .



FTR item-9
The mechanical assembly of the MAS probe accessory has been imported. A photograph of
this unit is enclosed herewith. The construction would be completed by Electronic tuning and
testing with the facilities at NCL, Pune.


FTR item-10 (See enclosure-I as attached separate Sheet)


FTR item-11
Nothing specific to mention at this time for this item.


FTR item-12
Since the PI had participated in the research activities of NCL,PUNE to the extent to be
aware of the kind of basic NMR theoretical and experimental aspects have to be taught to the
research scholars when they are becoming acquainted with the advanced instruments and the
current NMR techniques, trying to deliver such materials in the form of seminars and lectures
at NCL has greatly added to confidence of the Scientists at NCL for extending the necessary
assistance and facilities for venturing out such research schemes as the present one. The
progress made or even otherwise should be a basic trailing input for providing funds for
developmental projects in the locations and regions where no significant resource has been
built up for such techniques.
                                                          Enclosure-I

FTR item 10

         The progress made in the Objective, in the first phase of the implementation till now can
 be stated in short paragraphs as follows:
                        The MAS mechanical assembly could be imported and
                the situation could be brought to the stage for electronic
                tuning and testing. The capacitor components have to b e
                acquired for electronic assembly. The mechanical assembly
                now has the features except for the coupling stage
                connections and as per the present explanation from Bruker
                this has been included in this imported unit since fixing that
                part of coupling components require soldering at junctions.
                Since this might not be within the frame work of selling the
                special item from the Mechanical Workshop without any
                electronic assembling at the factory, this situation has to be
                reconciled after consulting the Collabora ting Scientist at
                NCL, PUNE where this PI intends to carry out the Electronic
                assembling and tuning.
                        A trial version of the software for calculating
                molecular electronic properties and magnetic properties is
                being tried out to add to the facilities for han dling the utility
                of the Shielding parameters obtained from the experimental
                NMR determinations. This is based on the Density Functional
                Theory. In addition efforts to acquire and facilitate the use of
                NMR spectral data bases have resulted in the know -how for
                what would suit the contexts at this University.


            The actual experiences by this effort to implement this project has evidenced that, even if, a project gets the
 sanction after the due consideration by the expert committee, and try to tailor make the phases as it would be required in a
 educational institution where, not only that there is no know-how for such a technical venture, but also there is an
 indifference when efforts are made to project out the possibility of gaining such know-how. This seems to be the underlying
 factor that equipments are imported with a lot of promise, but by this mere presence of an imported item the particular
 investigator gets such prominence that no one ever seem to be concerned when the equipments are not functional even as
 newly installed instrument and never being put to use. The experiences of this investigator should prove adequately that
 the situation is very acute in this location.
            As has been reported all through, even though the aspirations in general is to improve the standards (which
 requires acquiring enough skill in advanced techniques and increase the know how for high level technologies) the efforts
 seem not to result in anything more than the mere consumerism, even in educational institutions where the actions and
 directions should be towards seeking greater insights into principles and be innovatively looking for improvements in
 indigenous practices and applications. Since, in a developing region, in view of prevailing modest appreciation of such far-
 reaching targets, it becomes a successful career even merely to tell people not to look for what really are the gains of what
 is being learnt. Thus a tendency becomes prevalent to negate the very thing which they are supposed to be truly seeking
 after. That these can play a crucial role in determining the quality of the research work being turned out, even if there is
 enough financial supports to procure advanced equipments, becomes so glaring that at the end it may not be possible to do
 anything better than having to explain the inept handling of the matter from the beginning, due to the tendency to quickly
 dispose by discarding even the very essentials. This is true even at large, and this precisely is the reason, as per the PI‟s
 experiences, why in several institutions the equipments are not put to optimal uses or they cannot be well maintained for
 the specified life-time of the equipments. It is this aspect, which has been predominantly highlighted by the implementation
 of this project during the three-year term and is being brought to attention of Funding agencies and Reviewers of research
 work.
            The indication to the possible research perspectives with the constructed MAS accessory at NEHU is indicated in
 the item13 of this report and item 14 which is an Abstract. It suffices here to mention that the research results of this PI on
 induced fields seem to be getting the attention of chemists, physicists and biologists after the efforts to make presentations
 in the scientific gatherings of the respective specializations. With enough time gained, it should be possible to soon bring
 these efforts to be in confluence with the outcomes of this CSIR funded research project.
                                             Department of Chemistry
                            North Eastern Hill University
                                          Shillong 793022 Meghalaya


Final Technical Report: Item 13


                             Detailed Account of Work Carried out

13.1 Introduction:
                In “ s ec t io n - c : De t ai l e d R es e arc h Pr o pos a l ” o f th e or i gi n a l a pp l ic at i on
  s ubm it t ed b y t h is P r i n c i pa l I n ves t ig a tor [ P .I . ] f or t h e G r a nt of C SI R R es e arc h
  Sc hem e, it was br i ef l y o ut l i ne d t ha t t his R es earc h Sc h em e, wa s to be a
  re inf o rc em en t t o t h e o n g oi n g p ers u as i v e ef f ort a t t he N or th Eas te r n H il l
  Un i v ers it y, S h il l o ng t o c ar r y o u t as m uc h of S ol i d - St a te N M R work as wo u l d
  be pos s i b le . It is to b e c o ns id er e d wi t h du e we i gh t ag e t ha t, N or th E as t er n Hi l l
  Un i v ers it y i s an Ed uc a ti o na l I ns t i tu t io n whe r e th e s t ud e nt in p ut is f rom a
  res o urc es wh er e t he c on d it i o ns f or abs or b in g th e g e nu i ne ad v a nt a ges of t he
  ad v a nc e d t ec h n o lo g y an d t eac h i ng m eth o ds are s t i l l t o be im pro v e d a nd t h e
  pres e nt s it u at i on o n l y pu ts u p a p er ip h er al a war e nes s of t he r ec e n t ad v a nc es
  b y wh ic h i t is im p l ie d t ha t t he b as ic f ou n da t i ons nec es s ar y ar e no t wit h i n th e ir
  f ie l ds of in ter es t b ut a o v er wh e lm in g e nt hus i as m to p ic k u p wh a t e v er is
  ex p os ed t o t hem f r om th e t ec h n ol o g ic a l t o ol s . T h is is s o d a ng er o us l y
  pre v a l en t t ha t h ig h l y t ec h n ic al s pec if ic a t io ns ar e c irc u l at ed am ong c irc les
  c l os e t o t he a g enc i es / de a l er s of eq u ipm e nts a n d no on e s e em to c ons i d er i t
  nec es s ar y n ot t o b or r o w an d k ee p qu o ti n g t h es e an d g et p ref er e nc es a nd
  c onc es s i ons b ec a us e t he m an uf ac t ur ers wo u l d te n d to c ert if y p l ac e s , ab o un d
  wi t h s uc h “ ex pr es s i on s ” of tec h n ic a l i ti es , as k no wl e dg e ab l e l oc at i ons in t h e ir
  qu ic k o n t he s po t as s e s s m ents . T his as p ec t i s wha t is s om et im es r ef err ed t o
  as thr us ti n g pr od uc ts i n a r e g io n vu l ner a b le on tr a d in g wit h p er i ph era l
  pas s wo r ds . T h is m ak es t he t e ac h ers c om pr o m is e o n t he qu a l it y ef f ec t u al l y
  wi t ho ut k no wi n g t ha t i s r e a l l y a d o wn gra d i ng ef f ort , a nd , a n y ot h er ef f ec t i ve
  c ha n ges r eq u ir ed wo u l d b e f ac i ng a r es is t a n c e f rom t h e v er y p eo p l e wh o ar e
  to b e t he be n ef ic ia r i es . T h is is m ore s o f or t he lo g is t ic s of h a v in g t o us e
  “b lac k b ox es ” wi t h ou t k no win g wha t g o es i n to m ak e th em , an d h e nc e t h e
  tec h nic a l as s is t a nts wor k in g s tr ic t l y u n de r pr es c r ib e d i ns tr uc t i o ns . T his m us t
  be s ou n dl y s up p or t e d b y th e a p prec i at i o n of ho w t o us e t h e tec h n iq ues
  ef f ec t i ve l y a n d g en u i n e l y pr om ot e h i gh s t a n dar ds of ut i l i za t i on . A gro u p of
  “B l ac k B ox ” us er s c a n no t b ec om e s p ec ia l is t s i n t he t ec hn i q ue t o k no w wh e n
  an d whe r e t h e l is t e d s pec if ic a t io ns a nd pres c ri be d i ns truc t io ns b ec om e m ere
  pas s wo r ds t o g et s om e b en ef i ts wh ic h i n n o wa y pr o v i des t h e i ns ig ht in to t h e
  tec h ni q ue .
                In s uc h a c o n tex t wh a t was n ec es s ar y is t o e m phas i ze on d e v e lo p i ng
  s k il ls i n th e pr ac t ic a l it i es of a s pec i a l to p ic b y t r yi n g t o d o a l a bor a tor y s c a l e
  ex p er im en t to c o ns tr u c t eq u i pm ents , wh ic h are f or t h e ex p er im en t s i n t he
  ad v a nc e d t ec h n i qu es . A nd s uc h s k il ls c a n b e f irs t of a l l im par t ed t o o n e are
  t wo i nd i v i du a ls a n d no t t o as p ir e f or a l arg e - s c a le tr a ns f er of k no w h o w an d
  c on d uc t tr a i ni n g/c o ac h i ng s e s s i o ns . I t was wi th t h is b ac k dro p of t h e s i t ua t io n,
  as p erc e pt i b l e, t ha t t hi s P I s e t ou t t o wr it e u p th is pr o p os a l a n d ap p l y f or
  gra n t to C S IR . It wo ul d b e m uc h o ut of p l ac e h ere t o s um m ari ze t he ot her
  i ni t ia t i ves , wh ic h t h is P. I. ha d t ak en e ar l ier .
                T he ab o v e c o ns id er at i ons s t a nd doc um en te d i n t he W eb pa ge
  pu b l is h e d to t h e In t er n et b y t h is P I wi t h th e f o ll o wi n g UR L :
                ht tp :/ /t ec hn ic a le d uc a t i on .r ed if f b lo gs .c om /
           Muc h of wh a t is t o b e ap pr ec ia t ed wi th r es p e c t t o t he s pec i a l to p ic of
   Ma g ne t ic R es o n anc e; [S o l id St a te N uc le ar M ag n et ic R es o n a nc e - S SN M R] c a n
   be f o un d a t th e f o ll o wi ng U R L:
           ht tp :/ /g e oc it i es .c om /s a r a vam u dh a n1 9 44 / ugc _ i nn o _pr p os a l .h tm l

13.2 On how the proposed Objectives formed and took shape:
               Du e t o th e im pr es s i o n s f orm ed f r om ex p er i e nc es ab o ut t he nec es s it i es a t
 th is U n i ver s i t y, f or im p r o v in g t he ef f ic i e nc y i n p ut ti n g to us e wh at e v er f ac i l it i es
 are a va i l ab l e b y tr yi n g t o k n o w t he f u l l p ot en ti a l of c ap a b il i t ies an d t ap p i ng t h e
 s am e t o a da pt f or t h e on t h e s p ot n e eds , ef f orts wer e m ad e o n t he b as is of
 i nd i v i du a l i n it i at i v es to s u g ges t pr oj ec ts ( or i e nt e d m ai n l y t o wards e duc a ti o na l
 res e arc h) wh i c h pr o v i d e i nt er es t i ng ex tr a c ur ric ul ar p roj ec ts t o s t ud en ts b ut t o
 em phas i ze a n d or ie n t th em be tt er t o war ds t h e pr es c r ib e d c urr ic ul ar f ram e work .
 B ut m os t of t h em ev e n wh il e p ut t in g i t ac r os s t o th e c o nc ern e d d id no t g et m uc h
 im por ta nc e f or t h e s im p le r e as o n of h a v i ng t o k e ep t h e r ec o rds of rou t in e
 run n i ng of t he ed uc at i on m ac h i ner y b y m a n y who wo u ld h a v e to t a k e p art i n s uc h
 ac t i v it i es or s h o u ld pr o v id e t he n ec es s a r y g es t ur es of g i v i n g we i g ht a ge t o s uc h
 s ug g es t i ons wh er e e v er i t is a s im p le m att er t o m ak e t h in gs b e tt er. T his le d t o
 th e s i tu a ti o n of ha v i ng t o tr y o ut t he t e ac h i n g a nd d e l i ve ri n g te ac h i ng m ater i a ls
 at o t her ins t it ut i o ns w her e a d v anc e d l e ve l c ours es ar e t au g ht a n d he l d or wh ere
 th er e is a n ec es s it y t o b ac k u p th e b as ic s c o ns t a nt l y wh i l e a d v anc e d r es earc h
 ac t i v it i es ar e t he c o ns ta nt pr e oc c up a ti o n. I n th is pr oc es s b ec a us e of t h e
 as s oc i at i o ns th is P. I. ha d wit h N CL , P u ne e v en f rom t he d a ys of w ork in g f or th e
 P h. D. De gr ee at I IT /K a np ur ( 1 9 68 - 7 5) m or e t i m e was s p e nt a t th e C en tr al FT
 NM R f ac i l it y b y wa y of g i v i ng lec tu res t o t he res e arc h s t ud e nts a n d p art ic i p at i ng
 i n th e r es e ar c h ac t i v it y b y tr yi n g t o f am il i ar i ze m ut ua l l y o n t he t o p ic of m ag ne t ic
 res o n a nc e . T h e c o ns u l ta t io ns a nd dis c us s i on s wit h t he Sc ie nt is ts a nd R es ea rc h
 s c ho l ars a t NC L s u pp o r te d f ur t h er b y th e o p i n io ns g at h ere d f rom ot her r es e arc h
 an d e d uc a t io n a l i ns t it u ti o ns a C SI R R es e arc h s c h em e was f ou n d a p t t o s e ek f or
 to war ds ac h i e vi n g a t a ng i b le r es u l t.
               In f ac t t h e i ns p ir at i o n to g o a b ou t th is c o ns tr uc t i on of a M a g ic A ng l e
 S pi n n in g ac c es s or y f o r s o l i d p o wder s am pl e s was i n it i al l y a v a i l ab l e f rom t h e
 pu b l ic a t io n of th e s im p l e pos s i b i li t y of s uc h e x per im en ts us i ng a C o nv enti on al
 Four i er T r an sf o rm N MR S p ect ro m ete r by Da vi d J. B urt on, R obi n K .H a rr i s,
 Law r enc e H . Me r w i n i n t h e " Jou rn al of Ma gnet ic R e son an c e" a s
 Com mun ic at ion s. Vo l ume 39 , p ag e s 1 59 - 1 62 , Y e ar 19 8 0. T his wou l d h a ve
 req u ir ed a pr eoc c u pa t i on at a Pr ec is i on W ork s ho p (m ec ha n ic a l) an d h a nd l i ng t h e
 NM R Pr o be of t he s pe c tr om et er m or e l ik e an i ns trum en t - bu i l de r t h a n a m er e
 rou t in e o p er a t or . An d, a l im it at i on was t he op era t or s wh o ar e f am il i ar wi t h o n l y
 wh at t h e y d o at t h e s p ec tr om et er r es is t a n y s uc h ha n dl i n g f or ha v i ng t o b e
 ans we ra b l e to t h os e in c h ar ge of t he f ac i l it y wh o k n o w e v e n m uc h l es s a bo ut
 s uc h m att er s . He nc e, i t was c o ns i der e d b et te r t o i nd e p en d en t l y c on s truc t a
 pro b e a nd t es t it wh er e b et ter k no w h o w is a v a il a b le , a ppr o pr ia t el y h a v e it
 c ert if i e d b y t he s er vic e p er s o n ne l of t he m anuf ac t ure rs an d p l ac e it f or us e f or
 th e b et ter c onf id e nc e of t h e op er at i n g pers o nn e l o n th is ef f or t. T hi s t yp e of
 i nd i ge n ous M A S pr ob e c o ns tr uc ti o n wa s j us t th e n pu b l is h e d a nd de m ons tra t ed a t
 an An n u al Me et i n g of t he N M R S an d wit h t h is e v i de nc e i t wo u ld be m ore
 pro b a bl e t o g et t he ne c es s ar y s up p ort i v e g e s tur es a t th e N ort h E a s ter n H i l l
 Un i v ers it y. A nd , s o f or m ed t he m ai n o bj ec t i v e of t h is pr oj ec t a nd wha t wa s
 s ta te d i n a d di t io n t o th is i n t he o bj ec t i v es ar e th e c o nc om ita n t nec es s ar y
 ac t i v it i es a nd s om e of th em a l it t le f ar f etc h e d to be m ak ing s ig n if ic an t d en t
 dur i n g th e t er m s of t h e C SI R Res e arc h Sc h em e. P os t i ng t h e i nf or m atio n o n t h is
 proj ec t on t h e W eb P a ges pu b l is h e d to t h e I nt er ne t is a n i n no v a ti v e i n it i at i v e of
 th is P .I . a nd s uc h ex er c is es pr o v i d e r e inf orc em ents t o t he k no w - h o w a va i l ab l e
 f or us i n g i nt er ne t to o ls a n d i nf or m at io n t ec h n o lo g y t o br in g re l i ef t o rem ot e
 are as .
               E v en wi th a l l t h es e c o ns id er at i ons , s i nc e no on e s e em ed a n y wa y k ee n
 ab o ut wh et he r s uc h a pr oj ec t was wr i tt en an d wh a t r ea l l y t h e ou tc om es wo ul d
 be , i t was no t e as i l y r ec o nc i le d a t th e D e par tm ent of Ch em is tr y o r NE HU
 S hi l l o ng as t o whe r e t h is pr oj ec t wo u ld be l o ng . T h is res u lt e d i n at th e v er y f irs t
 i ns t anc e i ts elf a h ur d l e to ob ta i n s i g na tu res to c om p le te t h e a pp l ic at i on t o C SI R,
 an d as it m a y b e s e en th e a pp l ic at i on was s e nt wi th a no o bj ec t i on f or t h is wo rk
 at R S IC a n d it was f o l l o we d up wi th ex p l a na t i ons t o C SI R f r om th e PI .


13.3 Implementation of the project:
               T he s anc t io n le tt er a p pr o v i n g th is C S IR Sc h em e was r ec e i ve d a b o ut
  t wo ye a r s af te r th e s u bm is s i o n of t h e ap p l ic at i on an d t he p roj ec t was
  c om m enc e d s o on af ter , wi t h ef f ec t f r om 01 - 0 1- 2 0 0 2 an d as p er t h e term s a n d
  c on d it i o ns , t he na tu r a l t er m in at i on of t he s c h em e h a d to b e 3 1 - 12 - 2 00 4 .
  Ho we v er , th e o bj ec t i v es c o ul d b e c arr i e d t hr ou g h o nl y t o a c e rt a in s ta g e an d
  pro b a bl y i t is ap p ar en t t ha t ac h ie v i ng wh at a l l h as b ee n s t at ed , as t he
  obj ec t i v es i n t he p r o p os a l wo ul d r e q u ire m ore t im e t ha n t he t hr e e ye ars .
               As ex p la i n ed in 1 3 .1 a nd 13 .2 ab o v e an d as per wh at was s t at e d i n t he
  obj ec t i v es of th e pr o p os a l , th e f irs t t ar g et h ad be e n to p ro v i de a M A S pr ob e
  as s em b l y ac c es s or y t o t he “ Br uk er AC 3 0 0 F T N MR S pec tr om et er ” of t h e
  R. S. I. C. ( c ur r en t l y na m ed S. A. I. F. , S op h is t i c at e d A na l yt i c a l I ns tr u m ents
  f ac i l it y) , N EH U wh ic h ob v i o us l y c ou l d d em on s tra te t h at a c ons tr uc t i on of s uc h
  ac c es s or y t o a s o p his t ic at ed ins tr um ent is i n d ig e no us l y p os s ib l e w h ic h m ak es
  it ec o n om ic a l b es i d es pr o v i d i ng ex p er ie nc e i n i ns tr um en ts bu i l d in g . H o we v er
  a p oi n t a ll t h e t im e t o r ec o nc i l e wi t h is t he f a c t t h at h o we v er m uc h
  dem ons tr at i v e th is ef f or t is an d t ha t i t wo u l d b e a s i g n if ic an t ex hi b i t as we l l a t
  th e R SI C, it wou l d b e a u ph i l l tas k t o br i n g t he pers o nn e l ( t he t ec h n ic a l
  as s is t an ts a nd t h e as s oc ia tes ) t o d o a n yt h i n g m ore t h an adm ir in g t he ef f ort
  an d ex to l l i ng t h e ex hi b it . T h at is to br in g t he m to us e t h e i ns tr um ent a n d br i ng
  f or wa rd c o nc r et e s u g g es t i ons an d o p in i o n on h o w go o d th e m a nuf a c tur er
  s up p l ie d i ns tr um e nts a r e c om par e d to t h es e hom e m ad e u n its . W hen t h e R SI C
  pro v i d es a f ac i l i t y to r ou t in e us ers , f or s uc h pur p os es wh y i t is
  rec om m end ab l e t o us e t he c om m erc ia l l y s t an dar d i ze d v ers i o ns t ha n t he hom e
  m ade pr ot ot yp e s m us t be s ubs ta n ti a te d b y t h e tec h n ic a l p ers on n e l pro v i d i ng
  th is f ac il i t y a nd t h er e s ho u l d be en th us i as m i n as p ir i n g f or t h e pos s i bi l i t y of
  s uc h c om par is o ns b e i ng a va i l ab l e i n h ous e . S uc h a f ars i gh t ed n es s is wh at is
  to b e as p ir ed . B ut as i t is a f ar c r y t o ac h ie v e th is o u tl o ok o n s c i en tif ic ac t i v i t y
  e ve n i n a d v anc e d i ns t i tu t io ns a nd loc a ti o ns , it is n o wo n der t h at t h i s is abs e nt
  an d t he as s oc i at e d pr ob l em s ar e m ore ac u t e. T his r ea l i za t i on c a m e ab o ut
  e ve n a t th e o ns et of th e pr oj ec t. I n it i a ll y t h er e s e em ed a p os s ib i l it y f or f in d in g
  at le as t a on e s i n g le u n it of th e “s t at or f or th e s am pl e s p i nn i ng as s em bl y” f or
  M A S pr ob e t ha t c o ul d be s al v a ge d f rom th e s par e s t oc k s i n th e c e ntr a l N MR
  f ac i l it y t o b e us ed f or t h is c ons tr uc t i on . B ut e v en t ua l l y t his pos s i b i li t y
  d wi nd l e d an d a l l t he m an uf ac tur ers of M A S u n its re p l ie d t ha t t he s t at or u n it is
  no t s o l d as a is o l at e d pr ic e - l is t ed it em to c o ns um ers b ut it is a va i l ab l e o n l y
  as a s p ar e t o a n a lr ea d y s o ld M AS pro b e as s em bl y i n us e a t t h e S pec tr om eter
  s ys tem . T h is tur n ed o ut t o b e a t urn c a us i ng c o nc ern f or t h e im pl e m enta t io n
  ad d i ng a s ig n if ic a nt d e l a y i n th e pr o gres s . T h e P .I . c ou l d t ak e u p t h is m at te r
  wi t h th e s a l es an d m ar k eti ng di v is i on of t he Br uk er B io S p i n, S wi t z er la n d a nd
  th e m an uf ac tu r er s c ou l d f i n d a p os s ib i l it y t o ex c e p ti o na l l y m ak e a s pec i a l
  of f er in v ie w of th is pr oj ec t a nd s e n d a q u ot at i on f or s u p p l yi n g a M A S pr ob e
  Mec h an ic a l B o d y As s e m bl y c os t in g wi th i n th e am ou nts s a nc ti o ne d f or t h is
  proj ec t as e qu i pm ent gr a n t, wh ic h is th e l um p s um am ou nt of Rs . 4 l ak hs .
  T his h as an ad d ed ad v an t ag e t ha t, a t t he R S IC, t h e t ec h n ic a l p ers o nn e l c a n
  be f am il i ar i ze d wi th t h e Br uk er ‟s pro b e m ec h an ic a l as s em bl y b ef or e th e
  e lec tro n ic c om po n en ts wer e bu i l t i n an d t un i ng c an b e p os s ib l e f or d et ec ti n g
  NM R s i g na ls . T h e tec h n ic a l p er s on n e l c an f e e l f re er wit h s uc h a n a s s em bl y
  an d t he y b ec om e f am il i ar wi t h th e u n it b y l o o k ing in to it m ore c l os e l y a nd
  f ree l y wh ic h o ut wa r d l y is f am il i ar t o th em b e c aus e of th e l i q ui d H R N MR
  pro b es wh ic h t he y h a n d le . T h en , if th is u n i t i s c o ns tr uc te d t o th e c om pl et i on
an d br o ug h t af ter t es ti ng , i t wo u l d be pos s i b l e th a t t h e y d o n ot f ee l as s tr a ng e
wi t h th is u n it as it wo u l d be ot he r wis e! Henc e, t h e nex t s t ep was t o pr oc es s
th e p urc h as e of t h is u n it as p er t he proc e du ra l r e qu ir em ents of t h e h os t
i ns t it u ti o n f or t h e im po r t of t h e un i t.
             Ha v i ng f o un d a p o s s i b i l it y t o c irc um ve nt t h e pos s i b le r es is t anc e f or o n -
s it e us er s of th is M A S un i t if it is c o ns tr uc t e d a n d tes te d , it was n ec es s ar y t o
s ort o u t th e pr oc ed ur a l m at te r s a lm os t wi t h a s im i la r i nf ra s tr uc t ur al pr o v is io n
of in a de q ua te f am i li ar i t y wi t h t h e s u bj ec t m at ter b e i ng de a lt wi th . T h is
unf am il i ar i t y l e d to m uc h c o nf us io n i n re as on i ng o u t as to wh er e th e pr oj ec t is
ri gh tf u l l y te n ab l e wi t h i n th e u n i ve rs i t y - a t th e D ep ar tm ent of C hem i s tr y wh er e
P. I. is a L ec t ur er , o r a t t h e R SI C wh er e t he P. I. „s s p ec i al i za t i o n i n m agn et ic
res o n a nc e c a n f i nd s o m e r e le v a nc e ? T h is a m biv a l enc e c a us e d s u c h d el a ys
an d h ur d les in t h e pr o gr es s t h at e ac h o ne of t he t wo c an on l y a ttr i bu t e to t h e
ot h er, b ut ne v er br o ug ht t o ge th er f or t he p os s i bl e a d v an ta g es t o be g i v en du e
c ons i d er a t io n . T h us , t he m an uf ac t ur ers h ad to b e re q ues t ed t hr ee tim es f o r a
re va l i d at i on of t he ir q u ot at i o n s i nc e t h e de l a y was m ore t h an a ye a r i n
proc es s i ng an d f in a l i zi ng t h e im por t d oc um e nts . B y t he en d of th e term , no w
at t h e t im e of wr i t in g t h is r ep or t, t h e m ec h a n ic al as s em b l y f or t h e M A S pr ob e
ac c es s or y h as b e en r e c e i ve d a t th e N ort h E a s ter n H i l l Un i v ers it y, S h il l o ng b y
th e P .I . a nd it h as b ee n k e pt i n t he D e pa rtm en t al St or e b ef or e th e P. I. c ou l d
f urth er pr oc e ed wi th t h e c o ns tr uc t i o n of t h e a s s em bl y t o as m uc h c o m plet i o n
as wo u l d be pos s i b le as a c o nt i nu e d ef f ort o f th e i n it i at i v es d ur in g th e pr oj ec t
te n ure of 3 ye a r s .
             W hile b e in g pr e oc c u p i ed wi th t h e pr oc e d ur al m att ers , it wa s f o u nd th at
th e a d ver t is em ents s e nt o u t f or a p po i n ti n g s taf f u n der t h is pr oj ec t d id n o t
br in g o ut an y c a n d id at e to be a p po i nt e d a nd th e s t af f gra n t s anc t io ne d
rem ai ns u nu t il i ze d . T h is t o s om e ex te n t is n o t an y n e w th i n g r e v ea l ed t o t he
P. I. , s i nc e b y tu r n i ng ou t pr oj ec t r e po rts b y th e s t ud e nts a n d r es e arc h work b y
reg is te re d r es e ar c h s c ho l ar s , t h e P .I . h as ex per i e nc e d t he s t u de n t s ‟ l e v el of
ap pr ec ia t io n of pr er e q u is i t es an d t he l im ite d wa y th e e nr o ll i n g an d
reg is tr at i on p r oc e dur e s c a n s af e g u ar d t h e i nt er es ts of th e o bj ec t i v es a nd t h e
i nt eres ts of th e pr oj ec t s u n der tak e n wh i l e h a v i ng t o n eg o t i a te t h e s tu d en t ‟s
dem an ds .
             W ith r e g ar d t o t he ac q u iri n g of t h e wo rk s tat i on /c om put er f ac i l i ti es , t he
f ol l o wi ng c o ur s e of e v en ts ar e to be n o te d a s a var i a nt t o wh a t wa s e n v is a g ed
i n th e or i g in a l pr op os a l: f ir s t a nd f or em os t, t he eq u ipm e nt gr a nt of 4 l ak hs
wo u ld ha v e b e en m or e t ha n a d eq u at e f o r th e c o ns tr uc ti o n of M A S p rob e
ac c es s or y if t he c ons tr uc t i on ha d pr oc ee d ed as a n a ll ou t i nd i g en o us ef f ort
m ain l y wi t h t he k no w h o w a n d wo rk s ho p f ac i l i ti es a t NC L, Pu n e. S in c e as
des c r i b ed ear l i er i n th i s r e p or t t h e c o ns i d era t i ons d ur i ng t h e im pl em en t at i on
l ed t o pr ef er ab l y a c ha ng e i n t he c ours e , th e c ons e qu e nc e was t h at t he
l um ps um eq u ipm e nt gr an t wa s en t ir el y s pe nt on purc h as in g t he im port it em
f rom the Br uk er B io S p i n, S wit ze r l an d . At t h e s am e t im e s inc e n o s t af f c o u l d
be ap p oi n te d i n t he pr oj ec t, t h ere was n ot a n y n ec es s i t y to pr o v i d e tra i n in g t o
an y o n t h e us e of c om pu t er s to p roc e ed wi th re a l i zi n g t he o bj ec t i v es of t h e
proj ec t an d h e nc e n o c om put er U n its wer e p roc u re d. Mor e o ve r i n t he in i t ia l
s ta g es of im pl em ent at i on an ef f or t to g o t hr o ug h pr oc ur in g a Pers o na l
Com pu te r i n th e pr oj e c t was b es et wi th t h e proc e d ura l i n a de q uac i es n ot
wi t hs t an d i ng t h e f ac t t ha t a l l ar ou n d i n th e U n i vers i t y p urc h as e & s up p l y of
c om put er s is do n e r o u ti n e l y. T he am b i va l e nc e a bo ut t h e l oc a t io n f o r t h is
proj ec t c ou l d c a us e s u c h c ur io us im ped im en t s t o a s im pl e c om pu t er u n it f rom
th e f un ds of th is pr oj e c t.
             A s im i lar ex er c is e wi t h r e g ard t o t he proc ur i n g of Be nc h to p N MR u n its
a ls o h a d s et bac k s . H o we v er a c om m unic a t i on f rom C SI R wa s r ec e i ve d t h a t
purc h as e of t wo un i ts was n o t ap pr o v ed a n d he nc e th e P .I ., has b e en
req u es t i n g f u n d f or p r oc ur i n g o ne b e nc h t o p u n it f or wh ic h n o s p ec if ic re p l y
has be e n r ec ei v e d ye t .
              T o pr oc ee d ef f ec t i v e l y wit h t he obj ec t i v es ( b es id es t he f ac t t h at t h e
  P. I. ‟s or i g i na l es t im ate s f or f u n ds we re a l l u n der es tim at es ) t h e P. I. has
  s ur ve ye d s e v er a l of t h e s of t wa re p ac k a ges wh ic h wo u l d b ec om e n ec es s ar y
  wh i l e pu r s u i ng t h e o bj ec t i v es as p er th e t o pi c s t i pu l at e d as t it l e of th is
  proj ec t . T h es e ar e a l l pos t ed as f i n di n gs of t he P . I. a t a pp ro pr i at e we b p ag es
  t yp i c a ll y o n e s uc h is t he f o l lo wi n g U RL :
  ht tp :/ /g e oc it i es .c om /a m udha n _ ne h u/ on _s p e c tras urf . htm l
              At t h is j u nc t ur e it is i n te n de d t o s ur v e y t h e c ap a b il i t ies of a s of t wa re
  pac k a ge f or t h e c a lc u l at i on of N MR Pa ram et ers ( p art ic u lar l y t h e N MR
  Ch em ic a l s h if t t ens or ) us in g d ens i t y f u nc ti o n a l m et ho ds . S oo n af t er t he
  s ubm is s i on of t his FT R t o t h e f u n di n g a ge nc y, t h e P I i nt e nds t o pr oc e e d wi t h
  th e e v a lu at i o n of o n e m ont h tr i a l p ac k ag e f r om Se as c a p e L ear n i ng , LL C,
  21 7 01 A lc a za r A ve ., C up er ti n o, C A 9 5 01 4 U S A T e l : 40 8 - 2 53- 6 90 5 Fax : ( 80 1)
  40 6- 4 98 4. B y tr yi n g t o p os t Sc ie nt if ic r es ear c h r es ul ts o n th e W eb P ag es
  pu b l is h e d to I n ter n et a s a n d wh e n th e pr o gre s s is m ad e, t he PI ha s g a in e d a
  s i gn if ic a nt ex p er ie nc e i n c onf id e nt l y g u i di n g pe o p le o n t h is m at ter par t ic u l ar l y
  wh e n th e p eo p l e wh o wo u ld s eek r el i ef f rom c arr yi n g an d c om m uni c at i ng t h e
  doc um en ts a nd d a ta b as e ge n era t ed a v a i l in g t he C os t f re e I nt er ne t f ea t ures
  a va i l ab l e f or a c c es s i n a n y n ook or c or ner on t he gl o be as m uc h as it is
  a va i l ab l e i n t he r em ot e r e gi o n wh er e t he r eg i on a l l y r e le v a nt d oc um en t a nd
  da t ab as e m at er ia ls ar e g en er at e d. O nc e t h i s ex p eri e nc e is g a in e d i t wo u l d b e
  a s im pl e m at t er f or a g i v en in d i v id u a l i n ves t i g a t or to lo ok f or a nd s pec if y
  s ys tem r e q ui r em en ts f or o ne s e lf as we l l as to a n or g an i za t i o n l oc at e d i n th e
  reg i o n ( if e ve r th e n ee d y c om es t o k n o w wh e re to lo ok f or c os t ef f ec ti v e
  res o urc es ) . W hat is p a r en t he t ic a l l y rem ark ed i n t he pre v i o us l in e is a t o pic
  c o ver e d i n t he ar t ic le b y th is P. I. , wh ic h c a n a ls o b e f o u nd p os te d at U RL ;
  ht tp :/ / in . ge oc it i es .c om ./s ar a v am ud h an 2 00 2 /n m r_f or_o i l _a n d_c o al . h tm l
              T he f ur t her f a l l - o u ts d ue t o t he c om prom is es re q ui re d wh i l e
  im pl em ent i n g th e pr oj ec t a n d th e n ec es s ar y c ha n ges in t h e c o urs e of ac t io n
  wo u ld al l b ec om e m or e e v id e nt wh en in t h e rem ai n in g p art of t h is rep or t
  wh er e th e ac tu a l r es u l ts ar e r ep or te d.
              O n l y th e am ou n t f or t h e f irs t i ns ta l lm en t of t h e s a nc t i on e d gr an t f or th e
  f irs t ye a r wa s r e le as e d b y C SI R a nd r ec e i v e d b y t he F in a nc e, N ort h E as t er n
  Hi l l U n i ver s i t y wh er e t he f i n anc i a l tra ns ac t i o ns ar e be i n g h el d o n b eh a lf of t he
  P. I. E ve n t h ou g h th e t her e h a d b ee n n o h in d ranc e of a n y k i nd i n a v a il i n g th e
  am oun ts r e l eas e d as a nd wh en nec es s ar y thr ou g h th e F in a nc e , N E HU t he P. I.
  has be e n s eek i n g c l ar i f ic a ti o ns f rom C S IR o n s om e of t h e c l aus es a nd t h e
  wa y of a v a il i n g f u n ds un d er o ne f i n anc i a l he ad of t he s c hem e f or e x pe ns es
  un d er ot h er „ He a ds ‟. N o s i gn if ic a nt r ep l i es h a ve c om e f ort h a nd t h e P .I ., h as
  ti l l n o w be e n c on t en t wi t h th e m et h ods as p er pr ec e d enc e of pr oc ed ur a l
  m atters a t t his hos t i n s ti t ut i on e v e n f o r t h is CS IR Sc hem e.



13.4 Scheme End-year Progress report
             T he an n u al pr o gr es s r ep or t f or t h e ye a r A pr i l 2 00 2 - M arc h 2 00 3 wa s
  du l y s u bm it te d a n d b y no w t he re q u ire d re n e wa l h as b ee n c o n v e ye d to t h is P I
  f rom the of f ic e of th e He a d of t h e Hum an R e s ourc e D e v el o pm ent g rou p of
  CS IR , N e w D e lh i . In t h at pr o gr es s r e por t th e ef f orts wh ic h res u lt e d i n th e
  nec es s it y t o im p or t a Mec h an ic a l B o d y As s e m bl y of t he N M R pr ob e was
  des c r i b ed in de ta i l f or th e r e as o n t h at t h is is a tre n d wh ic h is a de v i at i on f rom
  wh at was s t at e d i n th e or i g in a l R es e arc h pr o pos a l s u bm itt e d to C S I R f or t h e
  G R ANT of t h is s c hem e . T h is P r o be Bo d y is th at of t he Ma g ic A n gl e S am pl e
  S pi n n in g P r o b e Ac c es s or y f r om th e m an uf ac tur ers [ - Bruk er B i os p i n,
  S wi t ze rl a nd - ] of t h e F T NM R S ys t em pr es en tl y a v a i l ab l e at t h e R S IC, NE HU
  f or wh ic h t h e ac c es s or y wa s to be c o ns truc t e d as p er th e s t at e d f i r s t p h as e of
  th e pr oj ec t. I n t he e nc l os ur e f or i tem 1 0 of th is r e ne wa l ap p l ic a t io n (ex t e ns i o n
  be yo n d t h e n at ur al t er m inat i o n) h o w t h is d e v i at i on h as t o b e e va l u at e d has
  be e n d ea l t wi t h. T his was m ai n l y t o pr o v i de a c om par is on wi th wh a t t h e
s it u at i on wo u ld h a v e b ee n if t he or i g i na l p l an of ac t i o n of t h e pro p o s a l f or t h e
f irs t p has e wer e pos s i b le . As s uc h t his t ur n of t h e proj ec t im pl em ent at i o n is
m ore c o n duc i v e t ha n t he or i g i na l c o urs e. T h i s c h a ng e h as c a us e d c ert a in
as s oc i at e d c h an g es i n t he wa y t he lum p s um gr a nt of Rs 4 L ak hs h as to be
a ll oc at e d. T he pr es e nt s i t ua t io n is t h at t he o ri gi n a l l y i nt en d ed 3 un its of P Cs
wo u ld no t b e pr oc ur e d d ur in g t h is s c h em e t e nur e . T h is c h an g e is a ls o no t a
s et b ac k s i nc e t h e P I i nt e nd e d th e t hre e U n it s wou l d b e us ed b y t h e a pp o in t ed
s taf f f or g et t in g or i en t ed t o war ds t he r em ai n i ng p h as es of t he or ig i na l pr oj ec t
pro p os al wh i le f i n di n g tim e g aps d ur i ng t h e p rog res s of t he Pro b e
Co ns tr uc ti o n. Bu t t her e c o ul d b e n o tec h n ic a l l y m ot i v at e d c an d i da t e to
res p o n d f or t h e pr o voc at i on of tr a in i n g i n i ns t rum ent a ti o n tec h n ic a l s k il l to
eq u i p f ur t her wi th t h e c om put er s . T h e am ou nt of 4 l ak hs c a n be c on v e n ie nt l y
s pe n t on t h e im por t of th e i tem a n d th e as s oc i at ed r eq u ir em ents . T h is wo u l d
be pro v i d in g a pr o b e a s s em bl y ac c es s or y m u c h s im il ar t o t he o r i g i n a l m ak e b y
th e m an uf ac tu r er s . T h e c om pl et e ac c es s or y to ac q u ire f rom th e m anuf ac t ure rs
wo u ld ha v e r e q ui r e d R s 1 5 L ak hs as ag a i ns t th e pr es e n t b ud g et of 4 l ak hs .
T his im por t i tem h a d b ee n b o ok ed o n a F li g h t t o Ko lk at a o n th e 1 1t h J u l y
20 0 4, a n d th e PI i s ye t t o r ec ei v e c om m unic a ti o n o n th e p os s ib l e d e li v er y,
wh ic h as p er t he q u ot a ti o n s h ou l d tak e p l ac e wi t hi n t hr ee m ont hs f r om th e
da t e of p l ac in g t he or d er a nd r ec e i pt of t he L /C a t th e ir e nd . T h e a m ount
to war ds t he c os t of th i s im po r t h as b ee n rec e i ve d b y t he
m anuf ac t ur es /s u pp l i er s as p er t he ir v ers io n b y Em ai l m es s a ge .

           T his P I h as r ec e n t l y s pok e n to t h e c o l la b ora ti n g s c i en t is t {f rom NC L,
P un e} wh i le p ar tic i p at i ng in t h e In t ern a ti o na l C onf ere nc e at Li l l e, F ranc e
dur i n g 6- 11 Se p t. 20 0 4 , an d h e nc e , f or t h e r e m ain i ng p ar t f or t h e c o m plet i o n
of t h e c ons tr uc t i on of t he M AS S Pr ob e, t h e P I wo u ld v is it N CL , P u n e i n
No v em ber 2 0 04 b y wh i c h t im e t he d e l i v er y of t he pro b e b od y m i g ht be du l y
pos s i b le f or t h e m an uf ac t ur er s to f u lf i l l. T h e am oun t of c on t i ng e nc y gr a nt
a va i l ab l e n o w as per t he r en e wa l of th is s c h em e wou l d b e a v a il e d b y th e P I
to war ds t he r eq u ir ed e x pe ns es d ur in g t his v i s it t o N CL , P UN E .

            Dur i n g A ug us t 20 0 4, t he PI h a d s p en t a bo u t 15 da ys a t t he T IFR ,
Mum b ai f or ac q u ir i n g f e w N MR S pec tr a on l i qu i d s am pl es a t th e N at i on a l H ig h
Fi e ld FT N M R f ac i l it y us in g t he Var i a n Un i t y 6 0 0M H z N MR Sp ec tr o m eter, a n d
th es e r es u l ts d u l y tak e n i nt o ac c ou n t a lo n g w it h s om e of t h e c urr en t
pu b l ic a t io ns of wo r k b y o t h er s o n t he m ag ic an g l e s am pl e s p in n i ng i n l i q ui d
s ta te bi o l og ic a l s ys te m s ind ic at e t h at t h is P I has t ak en t h e i n it i at i v e i n th e
ri gh t d ir ec t i on a n d s uc h a n ac c es s t o M A S S f ac il i t y i n a p l ac e l ik e NE HU ,
S hi l l o ng m us t pr om ote t he f am il i ar it y wi t h t h e r e al ad v a nt a ges of t h is
tec h ni q ue am ong t h e r es e ar c h wo rk ers of s e v era l d is c i p l in es i n t hi s
Un i v ers it y. T h is p op u l ar it y is wh at is n ec es s ar y at t h e m om ent s in c e th e o th er
ad v a nc e d us ef u l N MR tec h ni q ues are m uc h m ore rem ot e f or th e u s ers i n th is
par t a nd bu t f o r th e m er e per f unc to r y us e of t he ins tr um ent n o t m u c h of
s i gn if ic a nc e c om es o u t, f or ex am pl e to c o n tr i bu te a r es ul t b y t he N MR
tec h ni q ue ob ta i n ed us i ng t h e f ac i l it y a t R SI C , N E HU in a Na t io n a l NM R
S ym p os i um of t he an n ua l s er i es . T h ere s ee m s no en t hus i as m f or m ak in g s uc h
a pr es e nc e i n Na t io n a l N MR e v e nt , wh ic h s h ou l d n ot b ec om e a m at ter t o
ac q u i es c e a b o ut if th e s t an d i ng of a N MR f a c i l it y h as t o ga i n c re d i b il i t y. I t is
th e m a in r eas o n f or t h e e ar n es t ef f orts , wh ic h th is PI i ns is ts up o n.

         O n t he wh ol e , th e P I i s of th e o p in i o n th at t h e pr ogr es s is s ig n if ic a nt
e ve n t ho u gh its m an if e s ta t io ns as o utc om es d is p l a y a p ic t ur e of tar d y
pro gr es s . T h is is s om e th i ng wh ic h c an be dis c ern e d o n l y wh e n th e c onc er n ed
pers o ns h an d l e th e m a tt er s o n s it e . T h is wo u l d no t b e tra ns p are nt en o ug h f or
a c om par is on u n d er th e us ua l s c a l es of pro g res s - m eas ures as th e re v ie we rs
of res e ar c h pr oj ec ts ar e pr on e t o a pp l y.
           T he F i n al T ec hn ic a l R ep or t wo u l d be du e s o on af ter t h e term i na t io n
da t e 31s t D ec em ber 2 00 4 f or th is Sc h em e. I t is n ec es s ar y t ha t t he P I g ets
s pec if ic i ns tr uc t i o ns o n h o w t o s p en d t he r e m ain i n g m one y i n t h e s c hem e
wh ic h h as be e n t il l no w r ec e i v e d at t h e h os t i ns ti t ut i on u n de r th e He a d of
Ac c ou nts " St af f G r a n t" . T h er e is n o c om pl ic a ti o n t il l n o w i n th e u n d ers t a nd i n g
th at t h e am ou nt f or t h e s a nc t i on e d "c on t in g enc y" g ra nt be d ra wn f rom th e
am oun t a v a i la b le f r om t he "s t af f " gr an t. B ut, as th e P I h as p oi n te d ou t, t h e
no n a v a i la b i l it y of q ua l if i e d per s o ns t o be ap po i nt e d as s t af f an d t h e r es ul t i ng
c ha n ges in t h e c o ur s e of pr oj ec t im p lem e nt at i on h as pr oj ec t ed dif f e ren t b ut
m ore c o n duc i v e a lt er n at i v es t h a n wh a t c ou l d b e e n v is a g ed a t t he b eg i n ni n g
an d e ar l y s t ag es of f or m ulat i n g th is pr oj ec t p rop os a l. T hes e c h an g e s s h o ul d
be r ef l ec t e d if t h e im pl em ent at i o n of t h e pr oj ec t c o u l d ha v e t he f l ex i bi l i t y i n
th e a l loc a ti o n of t h e a m ounts in t h e G r a nt . T he PI s h o u ld no t h a ve to f ac e
" in t erpr e ta t io ns " of th e r u l es i n th e f i na nc i al m atters , if pro gr es s h a s t o b e
ac h i e v ed u n de r c ons tr a in ts wa n ti n g e nt h us i a s m in th e pr oj ec t i ts elf b y t h os e
to wh om th e f ac i l it y i s i nt en d ed .

          13.5 Summary of w ork done
            S ig n if ic a nt pr o gr es s h as b ee n m a de in im pl e m enti n g th e f irs t ph as e of
th e pr oj ec t, n am el y, t h e c o ns tr uc t i o n of t h e Ma g ic A n g le Sam p le S p in n in g
M A S S pr o b e ac c es s or y f or th e AC 3 0 0 NM R S pec tr om eter a t t he R SI C, N E HU .
T he s po n ta n eo us s p ec i al of f er f rom Br uk er B i oS p i n to pro v i de t h e b as ic
m ec han ic a l as s em bl y of t h e Pr ob e (M A S S) b od y h as re d uc ed t h e e f f ort in
ac q u ir i ng g o od qu a l it y m ater i a l f or t h e c o ns t ruc t i on of t he pro b e a nd has it
des i g ne d a nd m ac h i ne d i n a pr ec is io n wo rk s ho p .
            Dur i n g t h e pr oc es s of im pl em ent i n g th is pr oj ec t , p art ic ul ar ly b ec au s e of
th e ex per i e nc es ga i ne d wh i l e tr y in g t o a pp o i nt a s t af f i n t he pro j ec t , a
nec es s it y a r os e f or wo r k ing o u t a d ura b l e c ur ric ul ar c o n te nts f or a gra d u at e
pro gr am , a p pr o pr i at e an d c om pa t ib l e wi t h t h e a v era g e s tu d en t l e v e l, s o as t o
im par t a c a pa b i li t y t o t hem t o g ai n t h e t ec h ni c a l k no w - ho w f or us in g th e
Ma g ne t ic R es o n anc e S pec tr os c o p y a t a r a te c om m ens ur at e wi t h th e r a pi d l y
ad v a nc in g t ec h n o lo g ic a l pr o v is i o ns f or t h e ut i l i za t io n. C o ns id er ab l e pr o gres s
has be e n m ad e i n t his d ir ec t io n , an d t h e c our s e - c u rric u l ar s tr uc t ure dr af t ed
ou t b y t h is PI un d er th e f r am e wo rk of t h e IN NO V AT IV E PRO G R A M M E of t h e
Un i v ers it y G r an ts Com m is s io n h as b ee n r e v i e we d b y a n Ex per t c o m m itte e of
th e UG C an d f ou n d a d eq u at e f or a PG le v e l c ours e o n M a gn et ic R es o n anc e
S pec tr os c o p ic T ec h ni q ue . H o we ve r, t he PI wou l d b e a bl e t o s ur ge f or war d
on l y if a Be nc h to p N u c l ear Ma g ne t ic Res o n anc e s p ec tr om et er U ni t c ou l d b e
proc ur e d as a s u pp l em en t ar y un i t to t h e ex is t i ng FT N MR AC 30 0
S pec tr om eter a t t he U n i ver s i t y. T his r eq u ir e m ent o f a dur a b le S yl l ab us ,
th o ug h wa s un d er t he c ons i d er a t io n s i nc e a l on g t im e, d i d ga i n t he nec es s ar y
em phas is dur i n g t h e c our s e of im pl em en t in g t h is CS IR Pr oj ec t. T hi s ac t i vi t y
was n o t ex p l ic it l y i n d ic at e d as a s p ec if ic p ha s e i n th e o bj ec t i ve of t he C S IR
res e arc h pr o pos a l. N e v er t h el es s , im pl ic it is t ha t a d va n ta g es ac c r ue d d ue t o
th e s u pp or t of t h e C SI R t o war ds t h e o ver a l l ne e d f or im pro v i ng t h e i nf ra
s truc tu re f ac i li t ies .
            T his ef f or t wo ul d g o a l on g wa y i n tr yi n g t o i m pres s o n t he us ers o f th e
RS IC f ac i l it y a b ou t t he M A S S t ec h n i qu e a nd i ts us e in ef f ec t i ve l y ex trac t in g
s truc tu ra l i nf or m at i on on s ys t em s , wh ic h are h i th ert o b e i ng s t u di e d o n l y i n
l iq u i d s ta te N M R. T his wou l d b e c o ntr i bu t in g t o th e l as ti n g b en ef i t of t h e CS IR
Sc hem e, wh ic h wo u ld c on t in u e to ac c ru e e v e n af t er th e t erm in at i on of th e
CS IR pr oj ec t . W hile e v o l vi n g th is c o urs e s tr u c tur e, t h e ot h er ex p lic i tl y s t at e d
ph as es of t h e C SI R Sc hem es h a ve im pl ic it l y pro gr es s ed wi th o ut a nec es s it y
f or a n y c hr o no l o gi c a l s eq u enc e t o im pl em en t t h e p has es i n t he s e qu e nc e as
l is t e d ou t i n t he o r i g i n a l r es e ar c h pr o pos a l.
            T he ef f or t t o m ak e p r o gr es s on t h e r es ul ts , wh ic h we re o b ta i ne d f or th e
NM R m eas ur em ents m ad e a t th e T IFR , Mum ba i d ur i ng Au g us t 20 0 3 wi t h th e
V AR I AN U NIT Y 60 0 M H z NM R S p ec tr om ete r , ha v e g a in e d i n th e ir s i gn if ic a nc e
i n v i e w of th e c o nt r i b u ti o ns m ad e b y t h is P I i n th e N at i on a l a nd I n t ern a ti o n al
S ym p os i a an d C o nf er e nc es on N M R. T h es e t ren ds s e em to be f ur th er
s ubs t an t ia te d b y wh a t is b e in g c urr e nt l y re p o rte d i n l i ter a tur e as c l ar if ic at i ons
on in t erpr e ta t io ns of c hem ic a l s h if ts an d i n d uc e d f i el ds .
           T hes e ef f ec ti v e l y p a v e t he r ig h t wa y f or t he us e of t he M AS S f ac i l i t y
[p h as e 1 of t he C S IR Res e ar c h s c hem e] wh en t h e c o ns tr uc t i o n is c om pl et e d
f or us e .

          13.6 Results and Discussion:
            T he r es ear c h i n ter es t of t h is P .I h as b ee n o n s o l i d s ta te N M R a nd t i l l
no w t his au th or h as pr ef er r ed t o pr es en t t he res u l ts m os t l y i n S ym p os ia a n d
Co nf er e nc es a n d o nl y r ec e n tl y t h es e ef f orts ha v e t urn e d o ut t o b e of s uc h
s i gn if ic a nc e t h at t h e r es u l ts g et a pr om in e nc e to be warr an t in g a p ub l ic at i on
i n r ef er ee d j o ur na l . In s p it e of t h e f ac t t ha t t he P. I. h as a vas t ex p er ie nc e i n
de t ai l e d ex p er im en ta l tec h ni q ues , b ec a us e o f th e n ec es s i t ies t o a tt en d t o th e
pos s i b i li t ies of c ar r yi n g o ut r es e arc h f rom t h e l oc a t io n ex p er im ent a l f ac i l i ti es
f or s uc h M a gn e tic R es on a nc e ex p er im en ts ar e n ot pr es en t a nd t h e s ubj ec t
m atter its e lf is no t k n o wn t o a ppr ec i at i v e l e v e ls , t he P. I. h as b e en c arr yi n g
ou t a p os s ib l y us ef u l s im pl if yi n g m at hem at ic a l proc e d ure f or c a lc u l at i ng
i nd uc ed f i e lds . S i nc e i t is a n ef f ort t o e v ol v e a s im pl if i ed m ath em at ic al
proc e d ur e , th e r e l e v an c e of t h is ef f ort c a n b e b or ne o u t o nl y wh e n t he r es u l ts
ob t ai n ed c onc r e te l y d e m ons tr a t e its ap p l ic a b i l it y i n t h e c on t ex t of i n ter pr et i ng
NM R r es u lts m uc h b e yon d s im p l y r e pro d uc in g a lre a d y k n o wn d at a wh ic h
an ywa y i s b e in g f ou n d us ef u l as p u bl is h ed . Ne v ert h e les s , i t h as b ee n t h is PI ‟s
pers e v er anc e i n f i nd i n g o ut a b ou t th is s im pl i f ic a ti o n b ec a us e of t h e n ec es s i t y
i n th e c o nt ex ts of m ag ne t ic r es on a nc e , t o br i ng t h e p oi n t d ip o l e ap prox im at i on
m ore in to t h e v a l id i t y r ea lm t ha n wh a t h as t il l n o w be e n pos s i b l e. It is i n t he
s ens e t ha t i t is t h is In duc e d F i l e d m ec h a nis m , wh ic h is th e b as is f or
i nt erp re t in g s h i e ld i ng of N uc le i . T h e tr en ds of is o tro p ic a n d an is ot rop ic t e ns or
c om pon e nts in t er m s o f m olec ul ar e l ec t ro n ic s truc tu re wo ul d b e b et ter
trac ta b l e wi t h th es e r e s u lts o n t he s im pl if i ed m athem at ic a l pr oc e d ur e. O nc e
th e m o lec u l ar e lec tr on ic s tr uc t ur e bec om es t rac t a bl e us i n g th e N M R
par am et er s , t h e r es ul t s o n S i ng l e c r ys t a l m e as ur em en ts b ec om e m ore
am ena b l e f or r e li a b le c r ys ta l s tr uc t ur e v er if i c at i ons . It was f rom th is p o in t of
v i e w t he T it l e f or th is Sc hem e was nam ed .
            E v en t h ou g h at t h e t im e of t h e f orm at i o n of t h is r eq u ir em ent f or C S IR
res e arc h s c h em e, m ai n l y m eas ur em ents o n s i ng l e c r ys t als ha v e b ee n t he
s ourc e of A n is o tr op y d at a, t h e m ag ic a n g le s am pl e s p in n i ng t ec hn i qu e f or
s o li d p o wd er s p ec im en was g ai n i ng g ro u nds an d was b ei n g d e ve l o pe d t o
m ak e i n r o a ds i nt o t he r e a lm s wh er e s i ng l e c r ys ta l m eas u rem en ts h ad t h e
pre ro g at i v e. At t h is j u nc t ur e, t h is ef f ort t o pr o v id e a M A S pr o be ac c es s or y
was t h e ef f or t i n t he r i gh t d ir ec t i on .
            If t her e c o u ld be s uc h a p os s i b i l it y t o d o a M A S ex per im en t wi t h t hi s
l im ite d L i q ui d H R NM R f ac il i t y, s t i l l th er e ar e a f e w s im pl e d at a, wh ic h c an be
ge n er at ed wh ic h c an s et o u t a n o ve l tr e n d . F or ex am pl e, i n t he M A S
ex p er im en ts , t he an is o tr o p ic i nf orm at i on a l l g et a v er ag e d t o ze ro an d o nl y t h e
is otr op ic v al u es ar e a v a il a b le as in l iq u i ds f r om m eas ur em ents o n s o li d
po wd ers . In l iq u i d as i t is , s inc e o n l y is otr o p ic s h i el d i ng va l u es ar e
obs er v a bl e , s p in n in g s uc h s am pl e f ur th er a t t he m ag ic a ng l e wo u l d no t m ak e
an y a l t er a t io ns of th e s it u at i ons . It is we l l es ta b l is h e d th at wh e n pa ram ag ne t ic
s us c e p ti b i l it y r e a ge n ts ar e i n t he v ic in i t y of li qu i d s am pl e , th e y c a u s e s h if t of
th e r es on a nc e l in es of t h e l iq u id s am pl e. A n d th is c o n tri b ut i o n has
m athem at ic a l ter m s wh ic h h a v e s im i lar i t y to th e a n is o tr op ic i n ter ac ti o ns a nd
c ert a in or ie nt a ti o n d ep en d enc es h a v e a ls o b ee n re p ort e d. Suc h p a ram ag ne t ic
i nf l ue nc es a ls o c a n b e a g ai n f r om s o lu t io ns of p ar am ag ne t ic s pec i es
enc l os in g p ur e l i qu i ds . T he n, it is pos s i b le t o e n v is a g e s urr ou n d in g p ur e
l iq u i ds wi t h s o l id p ar a m agne t ic s p ec im en a n d l ook f or t he ir inf lu e n c e o n i nn er
l iq u i ds an d s u bj ec t t o M A S S an d l o ok f or t h e ef f ec t o n t h e s o li ds a s we ll as
th e i n ner l iq u ids . S uc h wer e t h e c o ns id er at i o ns wi t h wh ic h t he PI wen t a bo u t
ga t her i n g s pec tr a f r om s e v er al i ns tr um ents a t v ar ie d m a gn et ic f i e ld s tr en g th
an d a t yp i c a l r es u l t f r o m the m eas ur em en ts m ade at T IFR , M um ba i is
enc l os ed h er e wi th . S o m e of t he f e at ur es i n t hes e s p ec t r a ar e s im p l e to
i nt erp re t, b u t it has p r o ve d t ha t t her e ar e n e c es s ar y p rec a ut i ons t o b e
obs er v e d wh i l e c o ll ec t i ng s uc h d at a . In f ac t , ef f orts ar e o n to ob ta i n s im il ar
res u l ts wi t h th e N MR f ac il i t y i n S h i ll o ng s o t ha t t his m ark s th e b eg i nn i ng of
f urth er ex p er im ents e n v is ag e d us in g t he MA S pr o be wh en its c o ns truc t io n is
c om pl et e d. It s ho u l d b e p oi n te d o ut t h at t hes e ef f orts a ls o f in d a p p ea l
ap p l ic a t io ns of N MR i n b i o lo g y a nd m ed ic in e an d s im p le r es u l ts c a n b e l o ok ed
f or t h e s ys tem u n der s tu d y f or th e v ar i at i ons un d er M A S c o nd i t io ns . It s eem s
pos s i b le als o t o pr o v id e us ef u l i ns i g ht f or t he a p pl ic at i o ns i n i nor g a n ic
s ys tem s f r om th e p oi n t of v i e w of t he m ult i n uc le ar c a p ab i l it y of t h e FT NM R
s ys tem a t N EH U. A f e w of t h e c op y of t he m an us c r i pts b e i ng p re p are d b y t h is
au t hor a r e e nc l os e d h er e wi t h wh i c h ar e s e lf ex p l a na to r y to t h es e c on t ex ts a n d
th e a bo v e c om m ents p r o v id e a n ec es s ar y e x p la n at i on as t o t he r e l e va nc e of
th e T i t le of t he pr oj ec t a n d th at t h e i nd e pe n d en t r es ea rc h c a rri e d o ut b y t h is
PI bro a d l y c o ve r s t h is ti t le an d wo u l d b ec om e m ore s pec if ic a l l y r e l e va n t wh e n
th es e ef f or ts ar e p ur s ue d wh ic h b e g an wi th a d ef i ni t e im pac t f rom th e
res o urc ef u l s u pp or t f r om th e C SI R.
FTR item-14

At a location where the NMR technique is not much popular it has been possible to proceed
towards importing a viable MAS probe mechanical assembly and bring in more confidence
among the personnel since they are in a position to freely handle at this juncture the
mechanical part and get to know what is rugged and what is delicate in such an assembly
even at this stage of the mere mechanical machining aspects have to be attended to without
the complications of having to upset any electronic components tuned or otherwise. Even
though the operators have been tuning the probe for different nuclei at the existing
multinuclear facility, they can get a glimpse of the inside of probe only when the Bruker
authorized service personnel visit the spectrometer site for reasons of maintenance and repair.
If the PI can complete the electronic tuning part and the tested unit is brought, the exposure to
the MAS experiments would be something which the users in this part would never have the
lead without this effort of this PI in the near future. Even now it is too much of lagging
behind on this MAS technique and what would be provided will be only the MAS
experimental feature without the associated Cross Polarization facility. If the interest builds
up it would be possible procure upgrades for the receiver transmitter units of the present
AC300 console and try to provide for High Power Solid State NMR features, which would
require construction of CPMAS probes for which the know-how is available from the NCL
resource persons. But what is necessary is to bring in proactive participation in these projects
by those who would be potential users.
It has been possible to acquire specification data on several NMR data bases and soft ware
calculation packages by evaluation of the trial packages. With proper appreciation of
advantages by the persons at the NMR facility, and, by the staff and students of the various
Departments (which should be more inclined towards tapping the potential of the NMR
technique) the objectives of the research scheme would become more tangible.
Exploratory experiments were done with high field FT NMR facility at TIFR which yielded
technical requirements for observing the Bulk Susceptibility shifts for protons in diamagnetic
solutions surrounded by solutions containing paramagnetic substances. This also revealed the
possibility for studying the MAS experiments on such samples held in inner and outer
containers: inner diamagnetic solutions of proton and outer paramagnetic solutions. The same
sample can be subjected to experiments at Different Magnetic Fileds and the two kinds of
Magnet Bore configurations: the Electro magnet and for the Superconducting solenoid
Magnets. These experimental conditions would be further evaluated and viable experiments
can be designed for carrying out at the N.E.H.University with the currently constructed MAS
probe for the existing AC 300 Bruker NMR instrument.
FTR item-15

The unspent Balance amount as per item-4 is   Rs.30, 218/-

Currently a BOOK has been purchased with TITLE: “A Chemists’ Guide to the Density
Functional Theory, which costs Rs.2, 770/-

An advance of Rs.27, 000/- has been drawn by the PI towards contingency and travel
expenses, By the end of July, 2005 the entire amount would be spent and accounts would be
submitted. And hence no amount would be returned to CSIR as unspent from the amount till
now released and available for expenses in the Scheme.

A display monitor (computer peripheral) has been purchased for Rs.5, 200/-
                    North Eastern Hill University
                                    Shillong 793022 Meghalaya

                                                                        Friday, June 24, 2005

Dr.S.Aravamudhan
Department of Chemistry
North Eastern Hills University
Shillong 793022 Meghalaya


The Head
Human Resource Development Group
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CSIR Complex, Library Avenue, PUSA
New Delhi 110012

Subject:   Acknowledging Letter from Head, Extramural Research Division, CSIR, dated 01-06-2005


Reference:    Objectives of the Research Scheme No: 01(1767)02/EMR-II “Shielding Parameters….Crystal…”

Sir,

             The research scheme entitled as stated in the reference above has completed
   the three year term by 31-12-2004 and the required [no of 10] copies Final Technical
   Report has already been sent by Speed POST on 18-06-2005 which might have been
   received by now.

           In view of the details furnished under item-13 of the FTR, the situation must be
   obvious as to why Chemical Research Science committee might not have found it
   satisfactory enough to grant an Extension for this Scheme. First and fore most the
   trends of the approaches and discussions come under interdisciplinary nature for this
   project and only when the objectives are realized, then use of the facilities thus made
   available would generate results interpretable for the Chemical Consequences. The
   present effort with the trial package for Shielding Parameter calculations based on
   density functional theory is a step which would appeal to Chemical Science more
   directly. But the implementation could not have been speeded up any more than the
   pace at which it has happened during the three year tenure. And, even this required,
   extra ordinary effort from the PI than what happens with other projects. And, it is this
   aspect which must be recognized as a valuable experience and the results would be
   more for Chemical Sciences only if these stages are reckoned with. From the days of
   working for Ph.D., and during post doctoral work, this PI had such extensive
   experiences of the ups and downs in the front line Instrumentation initiatives which of
   necessity preceded the significant break through in the results of NMR studies, that it
   was seldom appreciated by result oriented evaluators that such detailed experimental
   work particularly with improvements in instrumentation could be considered as a
   significant scientific contribution worth giving credits for.
        I do not think this assessment on the evaluation procedures would be viewed
with any consequence, even if such experiences of a Researcher who also gained
specialized know how on the NMR theory and potential applications, does significantly
contribute when the routine measurements lead to unusual situations. And, such
contributions remain unaccounted.
        Thus I prove the point here it is the accountability from the conventional
measures that is the cause for lack of enthusiasm in such endeavors.
        However, what has been started must be brought to a useful stage or must be
handed over to a place it can be utilized by a appreciative group of scientists who know
the values of possible results which again is a lackluster assignment an I do not think
much can be gained from looking for advice from those who are reviewing the
progress. But, as a person who has the on the spot experience I find that the only useful
approach could be to apply for Emeritus position with CSIR and this would provide the
necessary thrust to make progress without having to be hindered by the procedurally
impeding requirements. I can send the application now, based on my earlier experience
to pursue for the objectives without sending estimates for staff appointments, but to
carry out, as it was the only possibility till now, to work without any other supportive
assistance. If there is needy persons found well qualified, at that time look for
appointing such persons and apply for adhoc grants as it may be at that time possible.
        With this explanation in addition to what has been stated in the FTR, I request
that the amounts sanctioned during the Scheme period (for the second and third years)
be released with appropriate head of accounts (contingency) specified so that the work
progressed till now need not be halted. As I have pointed out off and on, the results are
lagging in schedule and accordingly, the already sanctioned amounts also can be
released retrospectively, belatedly for purposes of pursuing the project.
        I shall also fill in the forms for emeritus position and since the University has
already forwarded the application for extension, based on that strength, I can try to send
this application also through the Head of the Institution.

                                                  Yours faithfully,

                                               S.Aravamudhan
                          COPY to Vice Chancellor, NEHU, Shillong

				
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