Document Sample
(A Division of the Nigerian Society of Engineers)


                           “Pathway to connecting
                           the Last Man”
                           Engr. Titi Omo-Ettu

                           Lagos, December 16, 2010
The subject of “Pathway to connecting
the Last Man” has taken:
   30 pages of text
   8,866 words
   487 paragraphs condensed to 41 main paragraphs
   4 months to prepare
   With assistance of 15 persons
   8 of who made various editing contributions
   I tried to read it to myself yesterday and it took 3 hours to complete.
   A presentation is therefore my choice especially as all of us will have
    copies of the lecture to go away with.

 I take responsibility for all errors in any of the publications relating to
  this Lecture and event especially for the confusing times specified in
  some versions of the invitation materials.

The following persons made editing contributions
    –   Abi Bilesanmi
    –   Chichi Onyewuchi
    –   Clifford Agugoesi
    –   Edozie Uka
    –   Gbenga Adeniyi
    –   Gbenga Sesan
    –   Kayode Yussuf
    –   Reuben Muoka

Executive Committee Members of NIEEE.

Many thanks to them ALL.
My Special Guest of Honour
  The 2007 private discussion and warning
  Nigeria in the International Arena

My Chairman of Session
  A non–engineer who in my opinion has made the most valuable contribution to the growth
   of the Telecom industry in my 37 years of being a participant.

My Special Guests
  86 of them
  5 brought out for special mentioning
  They represent four different age brackets.
  Invitation sent to 336 guests every one of who by account that we keep at TAA made a
   contribution or the other to the telecommunication industry.
  Six were especially requested to please make it to here.

I convey the excuses of those who unavoidably cannot be here.
Appreciation to NIEEE

Formerly Electrical Division of the NSE
 An invitation of 1994
 Elected Chairman 1996
 United two giant electrical engineers who were separated 11
   years earlier
 Distinguished Service Medal for an Electrical/Electronics
 The DEEEAL Lecture.

Thank you Engr. Abiodun Ajifowobaje and Exco members of
Telecom to serve people and business

   Not too old idea
   1990      „Telephone is not priority of the
    poor man‟
   2010      Nigerian Citizens deserve access to
    Broadband Internet access as fundamental
   When did the transmussion occur?
   And what does it indicate?
The starting line

   1991 OGM of NIEEE
   Issue of deprecating infrastructure
   The Committee work and its recommendations
   The MISSING LINK and Festac, Lagos Conference of 1987
   Olawale Ige's intervention
   Vincent Maduka‟s expert work
   The Engr. Teju Oyeleye Pioneer Board of NCC
   The Pioneer strides of Engr. (now HRH) Ogbonna Iromantu
   Disbandment of yhe NCC Board in 1994
   Liberalisation wagon back to track in 2000
Have we started?

   1895 - 1960 telecom not for business but for administering
   1960 - 1993 several development plans with no business
   1993 – 1999 liberalization, but in Chains
   1999 – 2010 Opening up the industry but with not public
    electricity power-base

 We have done well
 We have not started!!
Back to the DEEEAL Lectures

   A version was mooted in 1996
   Major focus – to push an agenda that a Lecturer, being one of us,
    promoted and the Division supported
   DEEEAL Lecture 2009 – Engr. John Ayodele, Group GM PHCN

“Distributed Generation for our public electricity supply
What does that mean?
     –   Stop throwing money at it
     –   Agenda still waiting to be pushed by NIEEE
Five short stories

   Rhoda and Ada
   Mr. & Mrs. Adakhah
   Johnny Just returned
   Nigeria here I come
   Suleiman as the Last Man
Nigerians have spoken

   “We want bread and Broadband”
        …BB4NG Forum July 28, 2010, Abuja
Review of Efforts at Broadband

   The Demise of NITEL
   The Distraction of the 2NO
   The NCC Initiatives WiN, SABI needing re-
   The Long Distance Transmission licenses
Can we do it?

   One working phone per person
   Access to broadband by ALL
   Year 2040 as target
   Distinguish between „Access Indices‟ and „Actual
   452,311,182 in 2040

 Yes we can do it.
The Short Term

   200TV station possible in 2013
   All secondary schools having broadband access to
    e-libraries in 2015
   37 IT-Parks possible in 2015

Minimum Requirements
    –   The WILL to do it
    –   Restructuring of the Telecom, Broadcasting and computer
        industries to a true ICT industry in the next 12 months.
    “Broadband Availability” or “Broadband

   The provision and access (to everybody) of goods
    and services - the healthcare, education
    communication, commerce, information, research
    products and entertainment now and in the future,
    will be very much dependent on universal broadband
   A Change in planning mindset
     –   Total Planning with Phased implementation must replace
     –   Gradual planning to meet „priority areas‟ mindset
   Democratize Technology
Nigeria is a business haven,
despite….: Proof
Subject Matter                       Perception                                                                Reality
                                     (As stated in at least one publication somewhere)                         (Reliance on TAA studies)

Telephone Subscriber Base             78 million subscribers                                                   78million SIM Cards issued,
                                      78 million active mobile telephone lines                                 Actual No of users yet to be determined
                                      78 million SIM Cards                                                     On going SIM Card Registration
                                                                                                                ATCON has called for Telephone Subscriber
                                                                                                               Registration to replace SIM Card Registration

ARPU and its decline                    Declining for reason of Economic downturn,                            Declining due to poor Q0S
                                        Declining for reason of over-networked Environment

Telephone subscription slowed down    For reason of economic downturn,                                        The euphoria is over
in 2009                               For reason of poor quality of service,                                  Cost is high vis-à-vis income
                                      For reason of diminished interest of subscribers in offered telephone

Dominance                            Operator „A‟ is dominating by reason of its                                 There is no Dominance
                                     expressed subscriber base
                                     The GSM Mobiles are dominating others

Submarine Fibre for International       NITEL's monopoly (SAT3) ended in 2009                                    NITEL's monopoly ended in 2010
                         CLARIFIED (Cont’d)

Sectoral application of „e‟   •Oil & Gas sector applies „e‟ best    • Banking sector applies „e‟ best
resources                     •Finance sector applies „e‟ best
                              •Evangelism sector applies „e‟ best

Broadband Access              NITEL‟s SAT 3 capacity is huge        NITEL doing only a fraction of the available capacity

Wire Nigeria - WiN            WIN is talk without action            •      Win never meant that NCC was to construct
                              NCC has done nothing                         infrastructure.
                                                                    •      At least 3 major Win Implementors did very well
                                                                    •      11 other Transmission Licenses were issued to
                                                                           encourage widespread availability of backbone
                                                                    •      9 licenses issues:
                                                                    1.     Nepskom Nigeria Ltd
                                                                    2.     MTS Nigeria Ltd
                                                                    3.     Suburban Telecoms
                                                                    4.     Backbone Connectivity Networks
                                                                    5.     Traffic Network Services
                                                                    6.     Phase3 Telecom
                                                                    7.     Fibre Tech West Africa
                                                                    8.     Alheri Engineering Ltd
                                                                    9.     Gateway Integrated Services
Other issues

   Dys -Functional Education
   Probity in public service
   Investment in Research & Development

Our Communication Laws
 Have been on the upward journey
 NCA 2003 improved Decree 75 of 1992 very significantly
 NCA 2003 begs for review
 To make NCC act faster
 Strengthen NCC independence (administrative and financial)

DANGER : NCC‟s independence is being threatened
             WHAT MAKES THE

A huge Demand                     120m inhabitants may still not have phones           Saturation claim may be a fallacy

An independent, professional   National  Communications Act 2003                       Next level is speedy
Regulator                      guarantees independence of the regulator                 penalty for infringements
                               All Auctions of Frequencies have been                   Recent interference not endemic.
                               Transparent and acclaimed                                Neither systemic
                               The Regulator has contested official interference

An emerging ICT Industry            Government is reviewing a Report on the subject.   Civil Societies, Professional groups,
                                                                                        trade associations are mounting

Review of Communications       On going.
   SAT3, GLO1 MAINONE should complement
   „In the nation‟s interest‟ is everybody‟s
   A Stimulus Funding to spread broad band
    required is contemplated for push by
   Short term
   Everything we will achieve specifically in the industry and in the nation at large will be
    underpinned by adequate power supply which, in turn, is underpinned by real and true
    reform of the power industry. To this end, and under the auspices of the NIEEEE, using all
    the resources at its disposal, we recommend the following:
   That the NIEEE revoke the ghost of 1992, by assembling a team of knowledgeable and
    concerned personnel who have the wherewithal to make Connecting the Last Man a reality.
    The significant difference from 18 years ago must be that this team must be
    interdisciplinary – a broad tent to engineers, lawyers, economists and business.
   An implementation of the recommendations of Engr. John Ayodele who, I venture to say,
    has recommended true and sincere liberalization of the electricity power sector.
   A pursuit of the Liberalization Agenda in the power sector in a manner similar although not
    exactly as obtained in the telecommunications sector:
   A call on the National Assembly to ban the use of individual generating sets for the purpose
    of living of all public servants in their official houses without any exception. That is to say
    from Mr. President/Commander- in -Chief to any Nigerian public servant in all capacities
    and at all levels of government.
Recommendations… Short Term
   The collation of a comprehensive and reliable database of existing telephone lines and who
    they serve by way of conducting a Telephone Subscriber Registration. (Not a SIM Card
    Registration) whose cause must be seen and canvassed for everybody‟s understanding
    and not and ad-hoc exercise of an emergency law.
   A review of the USPF to include the outlet of a Telecommunications Development Bank,
    TDB, which will serve to put the utilization of the FUND on a business path? The USPF is
    in chains. Those who are making effort to access it all think that the FUND is cheap money
    waiting to be used to help their businesses while those who are administering it think only
    those who do not contribute to it should have access to it. It calls for re-orientation on all
   A unification of the telecommunications, broadcasting and computer industry to a true
    Information communication technology, ICT, industry.
   Establishment of a Stimulus Fund which, in addition to the USPF, may be accessible
    through the TDB.
   An insistence that whichever bidder eventually holds NITEL‟s First National Operator
    License must deliver the Long Distance Transmission component of the license, first and
    foremost, failing which another Third National Operator be licensed not later than 2013.
Long term

   In the long term, we recommend that we put forward proposals with a cost/benefit analysis
    which actions we expect to truly translate our ideas into the reality of connecting every
    Nigerian to the telephony system that is efficient, reliable and affordable.
   Again, we call on The NIEEE, using all the resources available to, it to pursue the review of
    education curriculum to include:
   All primary school leavers to master typing to the 30 words per minute as their graduating
   Curricular of training in Universities to deliberately have our industry in mind and to
    dynamically respond as such and
   A new postgraduate curriculum which shall research into information and communications
    technology and its administration and from it a deliberate mandate that paths to our long
    term objective of meeting 452,311,182 mobile telephone lines in 2040 be undertaken and
    its result form part of our implementation agenda.

There is nothing new in all of the above, as they have been proposed in some guise, at one
    time or the other. The emphasis is on sincerely implementing them.
My Frustrations revisited
   As Chairman of NIEEE in 1996, I argued that our electricity
    power management would benefit from a truly liberalized
    industry in the manner that we had in telecommunications three
    years earlier, regardless of our arduous journey which was
    erratic and blighted with false dawns. I held the view that
    sooner rather than later, we would turn around the fortunes in
    our telecommunications, but I remain fearful that the shift stick
    of progress that had been in D (Drive) will sooner or later, be
    stuck in N (Neutral) or even R (Reverse) if we do not replicate
    what we have done in the electricity industry sector. I avoided
    seeking re-election after my first term out of the frustration of
    not being allowed to visit the then NEPA General Manager,
    whom I had wanted to convey my worries and examine his
    reasons for not embracing a true liberalization agenda.
   As Vice-President of the Nigerian Society of Engineers in 1999,
    I argued that the Nigerian engineers did not value and
    recognize their own worth first in their failure to acknowledge
    themselves as central in all aspects of our growth and also for
    not doing enough to even acclaim their own achievers. An
    Austrian Philosopher once said „Knowledge is in the end based
    on acknowledgement.‟ I thought we might start by holding a
    technical lecture to celebrate every past President of NSE that
    attained 70 years, every active NSE member that attained 80
    years and every registered engineer that attained 90 years. I
    thought my proposition was accepted when the NSE celebrated
    the birthday of Engr. Rev P. B Oyebolu with a lecture.

   Please, remember that the highest
    expression of appreciation is not just to
    speak words, but to live by them.
Thank you
God bless

titi omo-ettu
0802 3224572

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